keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lung bronchoscopy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214275/detection-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-by-nested-pcr-in-hiv-negative-patients-with-pulmonary-disease
#1
Cristina Rodrigues Santos, Ângela M de Assis, Edson A Luz, Luzia Lyra, Ivan F Toro, José Claudio C Seabra, Dira H Daldin, Tathiane U Marcalto, Marcos T Galasso, Ronaldo F Macedo, Angélica Z Schreiber, Francisco H Aoki
BACKGROUND: Nested PCR can be used to determine the status of Pneumocystis jirovecii infection in other lung diseases. AIMS: This study sought to detect a target DNA fragment (mitochondrial large subunit rRNA or mtL SUrRNA) of P. jirovecii in patients with lung disease who underwent bronchoscopy with collection of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). METHODS: The results from toluidine blue staining were compared with those obtained using molecular methods that included an "in house" DNA extraction procedure, PCR and nested PCR...
February 14, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212154/optical-coherence-tomography-and-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-in-pulmonary-diseases
#2
Lizzy Wijmans, Julia N S d'Hooghe, Peter I Bonta, Jouke T Annema
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current imaging techniques (X-ray, computed tomography scan, ultrasound) have limitations in the identification and quantification of pulmonary diseases, in particular, on highly detailed level. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the current knowledge of innovative light- and laser-based imaging techniques that might fill this gap. RECENT FINDINGS: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) are high-resolution imaging techniques, which, combined with bronchoscopy, provide 'near histology' detailed imaging of the airway wall, lung parenchyma, mediastinal lymph nodes, and pulmonary vasculature...
February 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210572/endobronchial-solitary-fibrous-tumor
#3
Cristiano Claudino Oliveira, Marcelo Padovani Toledo de Moraes, Thomas Colby, Gilmar Felisberto Oliveira, Erica Nishida Hasimoto, Daniele Cristina Cataneo, Antônio José Maria Cataneo, Julio De Faveri
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm that appears primarily in the pleura and rarely in intrapulmonary or endobronchial topography. The authors report the case of a 47-year-old woman who presented obstructive respiratory symptoms for 4 years. The chest computed tomography and bronchoscopy showed an obstructive polypoid lesion located between the trachea and the left main bronchus associated with distal atelectasis of the left lung. A resection of the lesion was performed and, macroscopically, the mass was oval, encapsulated, and firm, measuring 2...
October 2016: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206930/using-electromagnetic-navigation-bronchoscopy-and-dye-injection-to-aid-in-video-assisted-lung-resection
#4
Jordan Brown, Thomas J Lee, Theresa Joiner, William Wrightson
Small (2 cm) peripheral lung lesions and ground glass opacities remain a difficult subset of lung lesions for the diagnosis and management of lung cancer. Surgical biopsy is more difficult for these lesions because intraoperative localization has to be made without the aid of direct visualization or manual palpation. Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy can be used in the operating room to identify a small peripheral lesion and marked using an injection of methylene blue, which can be seen on the visceral pleura of the lung...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203410/relationship-between-radiologic-patterns-pulmonary-function-values-and-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-cells-in-newly-diagnosed-sarcoidosis
#5
Regina Aleksonienė, Ingrida Zeleckienė, Mindaugas Matačiūnas, Roma Puronaitė, Laimutė Jurgauskienė, Radvilė Malickaitė, Edita Strumilienė, Vygantas Gruslys, Rolandas Zablockis, Edvardas Danila
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to identify specious radiologic and/or physiologic prognostic marker(s), which lead to optimize of the patient follow-up frequency. METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary sarcoidosis. Patients underwent chest radiography, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) examination, pulmonary function tests (PFT), bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and lung biopsy, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cell examination...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203403/clinic-application-of-tissue-engineered-bronchus-for-lung-cancer-treatment
#6
Qiang Tan, Ruijun Liu, Xiaoke Chen, Jingxiang Wu, Yinggen Pan, Shun Lu, Walter Weder, Qingquan Luo
BACKGROUND: Delayed revascularization process and substitute infection remain to be key challenges in tissue engineered (TE) airway reconstruction. We propose an "in-vivo bioreactor" design, defined as an implanted TE substitutes perfused with an intra-scaffold medium flow created by an extracorporeal portable pump system for in situ organ regeneration. The perfusate keeps pre-seeded cells alive before revascularization. Meanwhile the antibiotic inside the perfusate controls topical infection...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196961/bacterial-topography-of-the-healthy-human-lower-respiratory-tract
#7
Robert P Dickson, John R Erb-Downward, Christine M Freeman, Lisa McCloskey, Nicole R Falkowski, Gary B Huffnagle, Jeffrey L Curtis
Although culture-independent techniques have refuted lung sterility in health, controversy about contamination during bronchoscope passage through the upper respiratory tract (URT) has impeded research progress. We sought to establish whether bronchoscopic sampling accurately reflects the lung microbiome in health and to distinguish between two proposed routes of authentic microbial immigration, (i) dispersion along contiguous respiratory mucosa and (ii) subclinical microaspiration. During bronchoscopy of eight adult volunteers without lung disease, we performed seven protected specimen brushings (PSB) and bilateral bronchoalveolar lavages (BALs) per subject...
February 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187061/bronchopulmonary-disease-caused-by-flagellated-protozoa-infection-in-15-chinese-children
#8
Jinrong Liu, Shaogang Li, Huimin Li, Yimu Fan, Haiming Yang, Hui Xu, Yuelin Shen, Shunying Zhao
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary disease caused by flagellated protozoa infection (BPFP) is thought to be rare in children but may be an emerging or underestimated disease, especially in developing countries. METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively reviewed records of 15 patients who presented with a cough, wheezing, or bronchopulmonary disease of unknown causes at admission and were finally diagnosed with BPFP from January 2014 to January 2015 were enrolled. Protozoa were observed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid by light microscopy...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182758/a-multimodal-image-guiding-system-for-navigated-ultrasound-bronchoscopy-ebus-a-human-feasibility-study
#9
Hanne Sorger, Erlend Fagertun Hofstad, Tore Amundsen, Thomas Langø, Janne Beate Lervik Bakeng, Håkon Olav Leira
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is the endoscopic method of choice for confirming lung cancer metastasis to mediastinal lymph nodes. Precision is crucial for correct staging and clinical decision-making. Navigation and multimodal imaging can potentially improve EBUS-TBNA efficiency. AIMS: To demonstrate the feasibility of a multimodal image guiding system using electromagnetic navigation for ultrasound bronchoschopy in humans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181965/bronchoscopy-oral-or-nasal-insertion
#10
Geertje M de Boer, Yasemin Türk, Virginie H Meuleman-van Waning, Gert-Jan Braunstahl
BACKGROUND: Flexible bronchoscopy is a frequently used procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of various lung disorders. As there is no standardized guideline on the insertion of the bronchoscope, and few studies are available on the subject, we conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial to compare nasal and oral insertion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 66 patients who underwent bronchoscopy without sedation were randomly assigned to either oral or nasal insertion...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178715/infectious-causes-of-right-middle-lobe-syndrome
#11
Aatif Rashid, Sowmya Nanjappa, John N Greene
Right middle lobe (RML) syndrome is defined as recurrent or chronic obstruction or infection of the middle lobe of the right lung. Nonobstructive causes of middle lobe syndrome include inflammatory processes and defects in the bronchial anatomy and collateral ventilation. We report on 2 case patients with RML syndrome, one due to infection with Mycobacterium avium complex followed by M asiaticum infection and the other due to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. A history of atopy, asthma, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has been reported in up to one-half of those with RML...
January 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174383/-a-case-of-synchronous-double-cancer-of-the-lung-and-stomach-that-responded-to-cisplatin-and-s-1-combination-chemotherapy
#12
Tomohide Sugiyama, Takashi Kasai, Yoichi Nakamura, Yukari Kamiyama, Kiyoshi Mori
A 55-year-old man experienced weight loss, as noted by a physician who was examining him for hypertension. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a tumor lesion with an ulcer on the posterior wall of the greater curvature. A biopsy confirmed the presence of an adenocarcinoma(HER2 negative), and demonstrated enlarged para-aortic lymph nodes. Thus, stage IV type 3 ulcer infiltration-type gastric cancer was diagnosed. Computed tomography was included in the examination, and demonstrated nodular shadows in the right lower lobe and enlarged mediastinal nodes, as well as bilateral multiple granular shadows...
January 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169345/bronchoalveolar-lavage-proteomics-in-patients-with-suspected-lung-cancer
#13
Ana Sofia Carvalho, Célia Marina Cuco, Carla Lavareda, Francisco Miguel, Mafalda Ventura, Sónia Almeida, Paula Pinto, Tiago Tavares de Abreu, Luís Vaz Rodrigues, Susana Seixas, Cristina Bárbara, Mikel Azkargorta, Felix Elortza, Júlio Semedo, John K Field, Leonor Mota, Rune Matthiesen
Lung cancer configures as one of the deadliest types of cancer. The future implementation of early screening methods such as exhaled breath condensate analysis and low dose computed tomography (CT) as an alternative to current chest imaging based screening will lead to an increased burden on bronchoscopy units. New approaches for improvement of diagnosis in bronchoscopy units, regarding patient management, are likely to have clinical impact in the future. Diagnostic approaches to address mortality of lung cancer include improved early detection and stratification of the cancers according to its prognosis and further response to drug treatment...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152492/bronchial-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-a-case-report
#14
Alessandro G Fois, Gabriella Diana, Antonella Arcadu, Viviana Marras, Paola Crivelli, Carlo Putzu, Giorgio C Ginesu, Sara Canu, Pietro Pirina
INTRODUCTION: Bronchial localization of Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is rare. The precise nature of these neoplasms is not yet clear and little is known on the histogenesis and pathogenesis of the disease. Here we present a case of a bronchial MEC with a detailed pathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular analysis. PRESENTATION OF A CASE: A 46 years old Caucasian male patient was referred to our Unit for fever, non productive cough and dyspnea lasting for two months...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149581/recent-advances-in-diagnostic-bronchoscopy
#15
REVIEW
Philip G Ong, Labib G Debiane, Roberto F Casal
The field of diagnostic bronchoscopy has been revolutionized in the last decade primarily with the advent of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) but also with the addition of multiple different techniques for "guided-bronchoscopy". These advances have had a substantial impact in the management of lung cancer with bronchoscopy now providing both diagnosis and mediastinal staging in a single procedure. EBUS has, in fact, become the first choice for staging of the mediastinum over cervical mediastinoscopy (CM). Although EBUS is now a well-established technique, there are continuous efforts from the scientific community to improve its diagnostic performance, and these will be reviewed in this manuscript...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140635/influence-of-respiratory-tract-disease-and-mode-of-inhalation-on-detectability-of-budesonide-in-equine-urine-and-plasma
#16
Ann Kristin Barton, Henrike Heinemann, Ina Schenk, Marc Machnik, Heidrun Gehlen
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of respiratory tract disease (ie, recurrent airway obstruction [RAO]) and mode of inhalation on detectability of inhaled budesonide in equine plasma and urine samples. ANIMALS 16 horses (8 healthy control horses and 8 horses affected by RAO, as determined by results of clinical examination, blood gas analysis, bronchoscopy, and cytologic examination of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid). PROCEDURES 4 horses of each group inhaled budesonide (3 μg/kg) twice daily for 10 days while at rest, and the remaining 4 horses of each group inhaled budesonide during lunging exercise...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138763/-haemoptysis-intensive-care-management-of-pulmonary-hemorrhage
#17
J H Ficker, W M Brückl, J Suc, A Geise
There is a wide spectrum of severities in patients with pulmonary bleeding with a range from mild haemoptysis to severe bleeding with an acute risk of asphyxiation. For the management of acute pulmonary haemorrhage, it is essential to identify the underlying cause in order to initiate a target-oriented or causal therapy. The most common causes of localized pulmonary bleeding are lung cancer as well as infections, anticoagulant therapy or bronchiectasis. Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage is mostly due to pulmonary vasculitis or connective tissue disease, but may also occur in pulmonary metastasis, congestive heart failure, coagulation disorders and from many other causes...
January 30, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138371/detection-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-the-bronchoalveolar-lavage-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-using-real-time-pcr
#18
Mitra Samareh-Fekri, Seyed Mehdi Hashemi Bajgani, Ahmad Shafahi, Mahbobeh Asadi-Zarandi, Hamid Mollaie, Arshia Jamali Paghalhe
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. Although smoking and environmental pollutants are the most important risk factors of lung cancer, the role of infectious causes should also be considered in the pathogenesis and progress of lung cancer. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between Helicobacter pylori and lung cancer through serology, real-time PCR, and urease tests. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 52 adult patients with lung cancer who were selected after having their history taken and being physically examined by a pulmonologist...
November 2016: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126982/novel-one-lung-ventilation-strategy-olv-for-a-patient-with-complete-unilateral-endobronchial-obstruction-causing-hypoxic-respiratory-failure
#19
Amaraja Kanitkar, Sarah J Lee
BACKGROUND Mechanical ventilation strategies for one lung ventilation (OLV) differ from conventional modalities in that it can adapt to greater degrees of ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) mismatch. We present a case of cancer causing complete unilateral endobronchial obstruction with refractory hypoxia that improved with OLV strategy. CASE REPORT Our patient was an elderly male, admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU) on mechanical ventilation with worsening hypoxic respiratory failure secondary to lung mass and post-obstructive atelectasis...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124966/-a-case-of-bronchiolitis-obliterans-secondary-to-human-metapneumovirus-bronchiolitis
#20
Osman Yeşilbaş, Esra Şevketoğlu, Hasan Serdar Kıhtır, Mey Talip Petmezci, Elif Bato, Seda Balkaya, Nevin Hatipoğlu, Mert Ahmet Kuşkucu, Figen Palabıyık, Erkan Çakır
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV), formerly classified in Paramyxoviridae family is now moved into Pneumoviridae, which was described as a novel family. It causes upper and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) usually in children younger than five years old. The recent epidemiological studies indicated that hMPV is the second most frequently detected virus in LRTIs of young children, following the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a chronic obstructive lung disease characterized by fibrosis of the distal respiratory airways...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
keyword
keyword
55071
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"