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Cheng-Yu Shih, René Streubel, Johannes Heberle, Alexander Letzel, Maxim V Shugaev, Chengping Wu, Michael Schmidt, Bilal Gökce, Stephan Barcikowski, Leonid V Zhigilei
The synthesis of chemically clean and environmentally friendly nanoparticles through pulsed laser ablation in liquids has shown a number of advantages over conventional chemical synthesis methods and has evolved into a thriving research field attracting laboratory and industrial applications. The fundamental understanding of processes leading to the nanoparticle generation, however, still remains elusive. In particular, the origin of bimodal nanoparticle size distributions in femto- and picosecond laser ablation in liquids, where small nanoparticles (several nanometers) with narrow size distribution are commonly observed to coexist with larger (tens to hundreds of nanometers) ones, has not been explained so far...
March 21, 2018: Nanoscale
Bilal Khalid, Sarbajit Mukherjee, Sami Ibrahimi, Trinitia Cannon, Elizabeth Gilles, Annie Moreau, Mohammad Razaq
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
Bilal Afsar, Asad Shahjehan, Sadia Cheema, Farheen Javed
INTRODUCTION: People differ considerably in the way in which they express and experience their nursing careers. The positive effects associated with having a calling may differ substantially based on individuals' abilities to live out their callings. In a working world where many individuals have little to no choice in their type of employment and thus are unable to live out a calling even if they have one, the current study examined how perceiving a calling and living a calling interacted to predict organizational commitment, organizational citizenship behavior, and job stress with career commitment mediating the effect of the interactions on the three outcome variables...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Rahat Ullah, Saranjam Khan, Samina Javaid, Hina Ali, Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Saleem
This study presents differentiation in milk samples of mother's feeding male and female infants using Raman spectroscopy combined with a support vector machine (SVM). Major differences have been observed in the Raman spectra of both types of milk based on their chemical compositions. Overall, it has been found that milk samples of mother's having a female infant are richer in fatty acids, phospholipids, and tryptophan. In contrast, milk samples of mother's having a male infant contain more carotenoids and saccharides...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Charlotte Spicher, Ruth Schneider, Peter Mönnings, Christiane Schneider-Gold, Dennis Kallenberg, Bilal Cevik, Carsten Lukas, Ralf Gold, Christos Krogias
Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive skeletal muscle myopathy which is caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. Lack of dystrophin also results to cardiomyopathy, which raises significantly the stroke risk in DMD-patients. However, data about therapeutic opportunities in the acute setting are scarce in literature. So far, only two cases receiving IV thrombolysis are described, one of them with fatal outcome. Method: Case report of a case of successful mechanical thrombectomy (MTE) in an acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patient with DMD and associated dilatative cardiomyopathy...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
Asaf D Yanir, Caridad A Martinez, Ghadir Sasa, Kathryn Leung, Stephen Gottschalk, Bilal Omer, Nabil Ahmed, Meenakshi Hegde, Jo Eunji, Hao Liu, Helen E Heslop, Malcolm K Brenner, Robert A Krance, Swati Naik
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only curative option for a subset of patients with high-risk or relapsed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). Given evolving practices, it is important to continually evaluate outcomes for pediatric ALL following HSCT. Outcomes after HSCT are influenced by the type of donor used as this determines the degree and method of T-cell depletion used, and consequently, specific transplant-related morbidities. We retrospectively analyzed HSCT data from our center for transplants performed between January 2008 and May 2016, comparing outcomes between different donor types...
March 14, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Waqas Hameed, Bilal Iqbal Avan
INTRODUCTION: Respectful and dignified healthcare is a fundamental right for every woman. However, many women seeking childbirth services, especially those in low-income countries such as Pakistan, are mistreated by their birth attendants. The aim of this epidemiological study was to estimate the prevalence of mistreatment and types of mistreatment among women giving birth in facility- and home-based settings in Pakistan in order to address the lack of empirical evidence on this topic...
2018: PloS One
Adetola Ladejobi, Deepak K Pasupula, Shubash Adhikari, Awais Javed, Asad F Durrani, Shantanu Patil, Dingxin Qin, Shahzad Ahmad, Muhammad Bilal Munir, Shasank Rijal, Max Wayne, Evan Adelstein, Sandeep Jain, Samir Saba
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in survivors of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), except in those with completely reversible causes. We sought to examine the impact of ICD therapy on mortality in survivors of SCA associated with reversible causes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the records of 1433 patients managed at our institution between 2000 and 2012 who were discharged alive after SCA. A reversible and correctable cause was identified in 792 (55%) patients...
March 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Shanila Ahmed, Habib Kibzai, Talha Shahzad, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi, Madiha Bilal Qureshi
Teratomas can be found in different organs of the body and may involve gonads, saccrococcygeal region, mediastinum and other sites. Intrathoracic teratomas always occur in mediastinum and less often arise within the lung. As teratomas mostly involve sex organs (gonads), they rarely occur as extra-gonadal tumors accounting for only 3% of all the cases and very small percentage of such tumors occur in mediastinum.We reported an interesting case of middle aged male who presented to us with symptoms of cough, hemoptysis and trichoptysis (hair expectoration)...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Tobias Hofving, Yvonne Arvidsson, Bilal Almobarak, Linda Inge, Roswitha Pfragner, Marta Persson, Göran Stenman, Erik Kristiansson, Viktor Johanson, Ola Nilsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Muneeb U Rehman, Shahzada Mudasir Rashid, Saiema Rasool, Sheeba Shakeel, Bilal Ahmad, Sheikh Bilal Ahmad, Hassan Madkhali, Majid Ahmad Ganaie, Sabiya Majid, Showkat Ahmad Bhat
Development of diabetic nephropathy (DN) is directly linked to oxidative stress and inflammation. In this context, inflammatory and oxidative markers have gained much attention as targets for therapeutic intervention. We studied the effect of zingerone in a streptozotocin/high fat diet (STZ/HFD)-induced type 2 diabetic Wistar rat model. Zingerone also known as vanillyl acetone is a pharmacologically active compound present usually in dry ginger. STZ/HFD caused excessive increase in ROS and inflammation in experimental animals...
March 14, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Jawad Bilal, Adam Berlinberg, Sandipan Bhattacharjee, Jaren Trost, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Drew J B Kurtzman
OBJECTIVE: To systematically analyze the efficacy and safety of interleukin (IL)-12/23, IL-17, and selective IL-23 inhibitors in moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. METHODS AND RESULTS: 24 randomized placebo-controlled trials were included. Compared to placebo, risk ratios (RR) of achieving PASI-75 and PGA/IGA 0/1 respectively were 20.20 (95% CI 13.82-29.54, p < 0.00001) and 14.55 (10.42-20.31, p < 0.00001) for ustekinumab 90mg, 13.75 (8.49-22.28, p < 0...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Oliver C Thiele, Matthias Kreppel, Anton Dunsche, Andre M Eckardt, Michael Ehrenfeld, Bernd Fleiner, Volker Gaßling, Gerd Gehrke, Marcus Gerressen, Martin Gosau, Alexander Gröbe, Stefan Haßfeld, Max Heiland, Bodo Hoffmeister, Frank Hölzle, Cornelius Klein, Maximilian Krüger, Alexander C Kübler, Norbert R Kübler, Johannes J Kuttenberger, Constantin Landes, Günter Lauer, Markus Martini, Erich T Merholz, Robert A Mischkowski, Bilal Al-Nawas, Emeka Nkenke, Jörn U Piesold, Winnie Pradel, Michael Rasse, Martin Rachwalski, Rudolf H Reich, Daniel Rothamel, Jan Rustemeyer, Martin Scheer, Henning Schliephake, Rainer Schmelzeisen, Alexander Schramm, Wiebke Schupp, Wolfgang J Spitzer, Erwin Stocker, Christian Stoll, Hendrik Terheyden, Alexander Voigt, Wilfried Wagner, Dieter Weingart, Richard Werkmeister, Jörg Wiltfang, Christoph M Ziegler, Joachim E Zöller
The current surgical techniques used in cleft repair are well established, but different centers use different approaches. To determine the best treatment for patients, a multi-center comparative study is required. In this study, we surveyed all craniofacial departments registered with the German Society of Maxillofacial Surgery to determine which cleft repair techniques are currently in use. Our findings revealed much variation in cleft repair between different centers. Although most centers did use a two-stage approach, the operative techniques and timing of lip and palate closure were different in every center...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Obada Tayyem, Mohammad Bilal, Ronald Samuel, Sheharyar K Merwat
Acute variceal bleeding is one of the most fatal complications of cirrhosis and is responsible for about one-third of cirrhosis-related deaths. Therefore, every effort should be made to emergently resuscitate the patients, start pharmacotherapy as soon as possible and do endoscopic therapy in a timely manner. Despite the recent advances in treatment, mortality rate is still high. We provide a comprehensive review of evaluation and management of variceal bleeding.
March 7, 2018: Disease-a-month: DM
Ronald Samuel, Mohammad Bilal, Obada Tayyem, Praveen Guturu
Non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding continues to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The most common causes include peptic ulcer disease, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, erosive gastritis, duodenitis, esophagitis, malignancy, angiodysplasias and Dieulafoy's lesion. Initial assessment and early aggressive resuscitation significantly improves outcomes. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy continues to be the gold standard for diagnosis and treatment. We present a comprehensive review of literature for the evaluation and management of non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding...
March 7, 2018: Disease-a-month: DM
Aun Raza Shah, Vikram Jala, Hammad Arshad, Mohammad Bilal
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is a common cause of presentation to the emergency department and hospital admissions. The incidence of LGIB increases with age and the most common etiologies are diverticulosis, angiodysplasia, malignancy and anorectal diseases. Foremost modality for evaluation and treatment of LGIB is colonosopy. Other diagnostic tools such as nuclear scintigraphy, computed tomography, angiography and capsule endoscopy are also frequently used in the workup of LGIB. Choice of treatment modality depends on the hemodynamic status of the patient, rate of bleeding, expertise and available resources...
March 7, 2018: Disease-a-month: DM
Bilal Mourshed, Abdulaziz Samran, Amal Alfagih, Ahalm Samran, Saleem Abdulrab, Matthias Kern
PURPOSE: This review evaluated the survival rate of single retainer anterior resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) to determine whether the choice of material affects their clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search of the English peer-reviewed dental literature in PubMed was conducted to identify all publications reporting on cantilever RBFDPs until May 2016. Study information extraction and methodological quality assessments were accomplished by two reviewers independently...
March 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
G Oksuz, A Urfalioglu, T Sekmen, N Akkececi, N Alpay, B Bilal
Context: : Local anesthetics (LAs) are in widespread use by dental practitioners, and erroneous administration, such as intravenously or exceeding the maximum dose, can cause the life-threatening condition of local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST). Aims: The objective of the present study was evaluate the ability of dentists to recognize signs of LAST and quantify how often they have used lipids to treat LAST in dentistry patients. Materials and Methods: The study administered 600 questionnaires that asked about the frequency with which dentists encountered LAST and the symptoms of LAST and its treatment, especially with lipids...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Prashanth K B Nagesh, Elham Hatami, Pallabita Chowdhury, Vivek K Kashyap, Sheema Khan, Bilal B Hafeez, Subhash C Chauhan, Meena Jaggi, Murali M Yallapu
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is an intriguing target with significant clinical importance in chemotherapy. Interference with ER functions can lead to the accumulation of unfolded proteins, as detected by transmembrane sensors that instigate the unfolded protein response (UPR). Therefore, controlling induced UPR via ER stress with natural compounds could be a novel therapeutic strategy for the management of prostate cancer. Tannic acid (a naturally occurring polyphenol) was used to examine the ER stress mediated UPR pathway in prostate cancer cells...
March 7, 2018: Cancers
Songwei Wang, Muhammad Bilal, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
4-Hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HBA) has recently emerged as a promising intermediate for several value-added bioproducts with potential biotechnological applications in food, cosmetics, pharmacy, fungicides, etc. Over the past years, a variety of biosynthetic techniques have been developed for producing the 4-HBA and 4-HBA-based products. At this juncture, synthetic biology and metabolic engineering approaches enabled the biosynthesis of 4-HBA to address the increasing demand for high-value bioproducts. This review summarizes the biosynthesis of a variety of industrially pertinent compounds such as resveratrol, muconic acid, gastrodin, xiamenmycin, and vanillyl alcohol using 4-HBA as the starting feedstock...
March 7, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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