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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906135/seed-germination-and-biochemical-profile-of-silybum-marianum-exposed-to-monometallic-and-bimetallic-alloy-nanoparticles
#1
Muhammad Salman Khan, Mehreen Zaka, Bilal Haider Abbasi, Latifur- Rahman, Afzal Shah
In recent years nanotechnology has become increasingly important in almost every field. The new and improved physical, chemical and biological properties of material at nanoscale have far reaching implications in the fields of science and technology. Nanoparticles' effect on various plant species must be investigated to develop a comprehensive toxicity profile for nanoparticles. The current study strives to evaluate the effects of nine types of metal nanoparticles including monometallic and bimetallic alloy nanoparticles [Ag, Au, Cu, AgCu (1:3), AgCu (3:1), AuCu (1:3), AuCu (3:1), AgAu (1:3), AgAu (3:1)] on seed germination, root and shoot growth and biochemical profile of Silybum marianum plant...
December 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904271/histologic-evidence-of-new-collagen-formulation-using-platelet-rich-plasma-in-skin-rejuvenation-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-study
#2
Ozlem Karabudak Abuaf, Hamza Yildiz, Hüseyin Baloglu, Memet Ersan Bilgili, Hasan Aktug Simsek, Bilal Dogan
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentration of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma and has recently been shown to accelerate rejuvenate aging skin by various growth factors and cell adhesion molecules. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intradermal injection of PRP in the human facial rejuvenation. METHODS: This study was a prospective, single-center, single-dose, open-label, non-randomized controlled clinical study...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904243/a-systematic-approach-to-patients-with-jaundice
#3
REVIEW
Bilal Gondal, Andrew Aronsohn
Jaundice is a clinical manifestation of disorders of underlying bilirubin metabolism, hepatocellular dysfunction, or biliary obstruction. As clinical presentations of yellowing of eyes or skin can be somewhat nonspecific for the underlying etiology of disease, a stepwise approach to evaluation is necessary for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plan. In this review, we discuss underlying mechanisms of cholestasis and jaundice as well as laboratory and imaging modalities needed to evaluate a patient presenting with hyperbilirubinemia...
December 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902825/association-between-the-amount-of-vaginal-mesh-used-with-mesh-erosions-and-repeated-surgery-after-repairing-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-stress-urinary-incontinence
#4
Bilal Chughtai, Matthew D Barber, Jialin Mao, James C Forde, Sharon-Lise T Normand, Art Sedrakyan
Importance: Mesh, a synthetic graft, has been used in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) to augment and strengthen weakened tissue. Polypropylene mesh has come under scrutiny by the US Food and Drug Administration. Objective: To examine the rates of mesh complications and invasive reintervention after the placement of vaginal mesh for POP repair or SUI surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was an observational cohort study at inpatient and ambulatory surgery settings in New York State...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902790/accuracy-of-genomic-prediction-in-a-commercial-perennial-ryegrass-breeding-program
#5
Dario Fè, Bilal H Ashraf, Morten G Pedersen, Luc Janss, Stephen Byrne, Niels Roulund, Ingo Lenk, Thomas Didion, Torben Asp, Christian S Jensen, Just Jensen
The implementation of genomic selection (GS) in plant breeding, so far, has been mainly evaluated in crops farmed as homogeneous varieties, and the results have been generally positive. Fewer results are available for species, such as forage grasses, that are grown as heterogenous families (developed from multiparent crosses) in which the control of the genetic variation is far more complex. Here we test the potential for implementing GS in the breeding of perennial ryegrass ( L.) using empirical data from a commercial forage breeding program...
November 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900485/serum-glutathione-peroxidase-xanthine-oxidase-and-superoxide-dismutase-activities-and-malondialdehyde-levels-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Burcu Gökçe Çokal, Mustafa Yurtdaş, Selda Keskin Güler, Hafize Nalan Güneş, Ceyla Ataç Uçar, Bilal Aytaç, Zahide Esra Durak, Tahir Kurtuluş Yoldaş, İlker Durak, Hikmet Can Çubukçu
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). Oxidative stress has been hypothesized to play a major role in the development of PD in various studies. This study assessed to investigate oxidative and anti-oxidative status in PD patients. We evaluated oxidant/antioxidant status by measuring serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, xanthine oxidase (XO) activities, and activities of antioxidant enzymes, namely, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)...
November 30, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896174/congenital-pouch-colon-with-rectal-atresia-a-rare-association
#7
Bilal Mirza, Muhammad Saleem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896163/varied-presentation-of-congenital-segmental-dilatation-of-the-intestine-in-neonates-report-of-three-cases
#8
Binod Kumar Rai, Bilal Mirza, Imran Hashim, Muhammad Saleem
Congenital segmental dilatation (CSD) of the intestine is a rare developmental anomaly characterized by sharply demarcated dilatation of a gastrointestinal segment and may present with intestinal obstruction. We report three cases of CSD of the intestine in neonates with varied presentation. First patient was mistaken as pneumoperitoneum on abdominal radiograph, which led to initial abdominal drain placement. The 2nd patient was a case of anorectal malformation associated with congenital pouch colon (CPC) and CSD of ileum; and the third case presented as neonatal intestinal obstruction and found to have CSD of ileum...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896162/preduodenal-portal-vein-associated-with-duodenal-obstruction-of-other-etiology-a-case-series
#9
Punit Srivastava, Mishraz Shaikh, Bilal Mirza, Richa Jaiman, Muhammad Arshad
DuodenalPreduodenal portal vein is a rare and interesting entity which often causes duodenal obstruction. It is also associated with other congenital anomalies. We report here three cases of preduodenal portal vein associated with other anomalies causing duodenal obstruction not related to direct compression by portal vein itself.
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896161/distinct-presentations-of-hernia-of-umbilical-cord
#10
REVIEW
Bilal Mirza, Waqas Ali
Hernia of umbilical cord is a well-known entity which presents with herniation of small bowel into the proximal part of umbilical cord. It has very good prognosis after surgical repair. Occasionally, it can have distinct presentations and varied malformations at the umbilicus which have bearing on the course of treatment and final outcome. Herein, we describe various presentations and malformations associated with hernia of umbilical cord. Embryological extrapolation is attempted for the malformations at umbilicus...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895350/age-estimation-of-a-sample-of-pakistani-population-using-coronal-pulp-cavity-index-in-molars-and-premolars-on-orthopantomogram
#11
Sheikh Bilal Badar, Robia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Muhammad Hasan Hameed
The aim of the present study was to assess the validity of tooth-coronal index (TCI) in the age estimation. This retrospective charts review was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from January 2016 to March 2016, and comprised 315 teeth of 80 individuals. The teeth were analysed on Orthopantomogram. TCI was calculated for unrestored mandibular premolars and molars. Pearson\\\'s correlation was applied to assess correlation between chronological age and TCI. Besides, 30(37.5%) subjects were male and 50(62...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895349/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-in-teaching-hospitals-in-karachi-pakistan
#12
Muhammad Hasan Hameed, Robia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Sheikh Bilal Badar
Work-related musculoskeletal pain is common among healthcare professionals, including dentists. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among dentists. This study was carried out from January to April 2016 at various teaching hospitals of Karachi, and comprised 230 dentists. A self-administered questionnaire, adapted from a validated Nordic questionnaire, was distributed among the participants. Descriptive statistics were computed and associations of interest were analysed using chi-square test...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894278/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-impaired-fasting-glucose-level-among-members-of-federal-police-commission-residing-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#13
Tariku Tesfaye, Bilal Shikur, Tariku Shimels, Naod Firdu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and factors associated with it, nowadays, are increasing in alarming rates among different occupational groups. Of these occupational groups are Police officers that, often, are exposed to unique life styles and stressful situations which may lead to diabetes mellitus and other cardiovascular diseases. Due to this reason, the present study was conducted to assess the prevalence and factors associated with diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose level among members of federal police commission residing in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 28, 2016: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890697/a-stem-cell-donor-for-every-adult-requiring-an-allograft-for-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-all
#14
David I Marks, Abid Bilal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885362/current-rural-drug-use-in-the-us-midwest
#15
Kirk Dombrowski, Devan Crawford, Bilal Khan, Kimberly Tyler
The nature and challenge of illicit drug use in the United States continues to change rapidly, evolving in reaction to myriad social, economic, and local forces. While the use of illicit drugs affects every region of the country, most of our current information about drug use comes from large urban areas. Data on rural drug use and its harms justify greater attention. Record overdose rates, unexpected outbreaks of HIV, and a dearth of treatment facilities point to a rapidly worsening health situation. While health sciences have made considerable progress in understanding the etiology of drug use and uncovering the link between drug use and its myriad associated harms, this promising scientific news has not always translated to better health outcomes...
2016: Journal of Drug Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882626/spectrophotometric-color-analysis-of-maxillary-permanent-central-incisors-in-a-pediatric-population-a-preliminary-study
#16
Selcuk Savas, Fevzi Kavrik, Bilal Yasa, Ebru Kucukyilmaz
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have reported the color distribution of maxillary central incisors and the effects of age and gender, a reliable database of the color of newly erupted teeth with open apices and the effect of the root development stage on tooth color shades do not currently exist. AIM: The purpose of this in vivo study was to perform a spectrophotometric color analysis of maxillary permanent central incisors based on apical developmental stage, age, and gender groups...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882506/cosmetics-use-related-adverse-events-and-determinants-among-jigjiga-town-residents-eastern-ethiopia
#17
Arebu I Bilal, Zelalem Tilahun, Ebrahim D Osman, Anwar Mulugeta, Muktar Shekabdulahi, Derbew Fikadu Berhe
INTRODUCTION: Non-medicated cosmetics use is very common among the Ethiopian population. However, little is known about these products' related adverse events. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of cosmetics-related adverse events among Jigjiga Town residents, Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study design was conducted in May and June 2014. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect cosmetics use pattern and related adverse events...
November 23, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881941/erythrocyte-zinc-level-in-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis-and-its-relation-to-scorad-index
#18
Ercan Karabacak, Ersin Aydin, Ali Kutlu, Omer Ozcan, Tuba Muftuoglu, Ali Gunes, Bilal Dogan, Sami Ozturk
INTRODUCTION: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, pruritic inflammatory disease, characterized by a relapsing-remitting course. The pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis is not completely understood, although the disorder appears to result from the complex interaction between immune abnormalities, genetic and environmental factors. Trace elements are essential for normal functioning of the immune system. AIM: To determine zinc levels in serum and erythrocytes of patients with AD using an atomic absorption spectrometric technique and to investigate the relationship between those levels and disease activity...
October 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879037/nanomembrane-based-thermal-transport-biosensor-for-living-cells
#19
Rami T ElAfandy, Ayman F AbuElela, Pawan Mishra, Bilal Janjua, Hassan M Oubei, Ulrich Büttner, Mohammed A Majid, Tien Khee Ng, Jasmeen S Merzaban, Boon S Ooi
Knowledge of materials' thermal-transport properties, conductivity and diffusivity, is crucial for several applications within areas of biology, material science and engineering. Specifically, a microsized, flexible, biologically integrated thermal transport sensor is beneficial to a plethora of applications, ranging across plants physiological ecology and thermal imaging and treatment of cancerous cells, to thermal dissipation in flexible semiconductors and thermoelectrics. Living cells pose extra challenges, due to their small volumes and irregular curvilinear shapes...
November 23, 2016: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875152/powerset-a-comprehensive-visualization-of-set-intersections
#20
Bilal Alsallakh, Liu Ren
When analyzing a large amount of data, analysts often define groups over data elements that share certain properties. Using these groups as the unit of analysis not only reduces the data volume, but also allows detecting various patterns in the data. This involves analyzing intersection relations between these groups, and how the element attributes vary between these intersections. This kind of set-based analysis has various applications in a variety of domains, due to the generic and powerful notion of sets...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
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