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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149306/pakistan-a-transplant-tourism-resort
#1
Huda Fatima, Tooba Fatima Qadir, Ariba Moin, Syed Bilal Pasha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146303/comparison-of-intravesical-cohen-and-extravesical-lich-gregoir-ureteroneocystostomy-in-the-treatment-of-unilateral-primary-vesicoureteric-reflux-in-children
#2
Mesrur Selcuk Silay, Turgay Turan, Yunus Kayalı, İsmail Başıbüyük, Bilal Gunaydin, Turhan Caskurlu, M İhsan Karaman
INTRODUCTION: Various intravesical and extravesical techniques have been described for the surgical correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Among those techniques Cohen (intra-vesical) and Lich-Gregoir (extra-vesical) are the most commonly used ones. However, there are limited studies that compare those two surgical techniques in the literature. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to compare the outcomes of the open intravesical and extravesical procedures for unilateral primary VUR in children...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144204/specific-hypersensitive-response-associated-recognition-of-new-apoplastic-effectors-from-cladosporium-fulvum-in-wild-tomato
#3
Carl H Mesarich, Bilal Ӧkmen, Hanna Rovenich, Scott A Griffiths, Changchun Wang, Mansoor Karimi Jashni, Aleksandar Mihajlovski, Jérôme Collemare, Lukas Hunziker, Cecilia H Deng, Ate van der Burgt, Henriek G Beenen, Matthew D Templeton, Rosie E Bradshaw, Pierre J G M de Wit
Tomato leaf mold disease is caused by the biotrophic fungus Cladosporium fulvum. During infection, C. fulvum produces extracellular small secreted protein (SSP) effectors that function to promote colonization of the leaf apoplast. Resistance to the disease is governed by Cf immune receptor genes that encode receptor-like proteins (RLPs). These RLPs recognize specific SSP effectors to initiate a hypersensitive response (HR) that renders the pathogen avirulent. C. fulvum strains capable of overcoming one or more of all cloned Cf genes have now emerged...
November 16, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142980/effectiveness-of-multifaceted-care-approach-on-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-nondiabetic-ckd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Aminu K Bello, Bilal Qarni, Arian Samimi, Julius Okel, Trish Chatterley, Ikechi G Okpechi, Ben Vandermeer, Branko Braam
Introduction: The risk of major adverse events associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) could potentially be reduced with effective medical interventions. The impact of multifaceted interventions as compared with usual care in patients with nondiabetic CKD is unclear. We performed a systematic review to analyze the impact of multifaceted interventions on reducing the risk of major adverse events in this population. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142577/congenital-hypothyroidism-in-neonates-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
Adeel Ahmad, Anam Wasim, Shahida Hussain, Muhammad Saeed, Bilal Munir Ahmad, Khalil Ur Rehman
Objective: To determine neonatal congenital hypothyroidism among neonates born in a tertiary care hospital of Lahore Pakistan. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Pathology Department of Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore in collaboration with Pediatrics and Gynecology & Obstetrics Department, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore Pakistan. A total of 770 babies were included in this study, both male and female. About 2 ml venous blood samples were collected aseptically from the neonates in sterile clotted tube...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141647/regulation-of-antimicrobial-activity-and-xenocoumacins-biosynthesis-by-ph-in-xenorhabdus-nematophila
#6
Shuqi Guo, Shujing Zhang, Xiangling Fang, Qi Liu, Jiangtao Gao, Muhammad Bilal, Yonghong Wang, Xing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Xenocoumacin 1 (Xcn1) and Xenocoumacin 2 (Xcn2) are the main antimicrobial compounds produced by Xenorhabdus nematophila. Culture conditions, including pH, had remarkably distinct effects on the antimicrobial activity of X. nematophila. However, the regulatory mechanism of pH on the antimicrobial activity and antibiotic production of this bacterium is still lacking. RESULTS: With the increase of initial pH, the antimicrobial activity of X. nematophila YL001 was improved...
November 15, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141499/gastrointestinal-causes-of-sudden-unexpected-death-a-review
#7
Ritesh G Menezes, Saba Ahmed, Syed Bilal Pasha, Syed Ather Hussain, Huda Fatima, Magdy A Kharoshah, Mohammed Madadin
Gastrointestinal conditions are a less common cause of sudden unexpected death when compared to other conditions such as cardiovascular conditions, but they are equally important. Various congenital and acquired gastrointestinal conditions that have resulted in sudden unexpected death are discussed. The possible lethal mechanisms behind each condition, along with any associated risk factors or secondary diseases, have been described. Through this article, we aim to highlight the need for physicians to prevent death in such conditions by ensuring that subclinical cases are diagnosed correctly before it is too late and by providing timely and efficacious treatment to the patient concerned...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140238/the-effects-of-malnutrition-and-diarrhea-type-on-the-accuracy-of-clinical-signs-of-dehydration-in-children-under-five-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-bangladesh
#8
Kelly Skrable, Saadiyah Bilal, Rashmi Sharma, Sarah Robertson, Yokabed Ashenafi, Sabiha Nasrin, Nur H Alam, Adam C Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137768/low-frequency-ultrasonic-assisted-hydrolysis-of-starch-in-the-presence-of-%C3%AE-amylase
#9
Anne Gaquere-Parker, Tamera Taylor, Raihannah Hutson, Ashley Rizzo, Aubrey Folds, Shastina Crittenden, Neelam Zahoor, Bilal Hussein, Aaron Arruda
Hydrolysis of starch is an important process in the food industry and in the production of bioethanol or smaller carbohydrate molecules that can be used as starting blocks for chemical synthesis. Such hydrolysis can be enhanced by lowering the pH, heating the reaction mixture or catalyzing the reaction with enzymes. This study reports the effect of sonication on the reaction rate of starch hydrolysis at different temperatures, in the presence or absence of alpha-amylase. Starch Azure, a commercially available potato starch covalently linked with Remazol Brilliant Blue, has been chosen since its hydrolysis releases a blue dye, which concentration can be monitored by UV Vis spectroscopy...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137123/proteomic-characterization-of-the-venom-of-five-bombus-thoracobombus-species
#10
Nezahat Pınar Barkan, Mustafa Bilal Bayazit, Duygu Ozel Demiralp
Venomous animals use venom, a complex biofluid composed of unique mixtures of proteins and peptides, to act on vital systems of the prey or predator. In bees, venom is solely used for defense against predators. However, the venom composition of bumble bees (Bombus sp.) is largely unknown. The Thoracobombus subgenus of Bombus sp. is a diverse subgenus represented by 14 members across Turkey. In this study, we sought out to proteomically characterize the venom of five Thoracobombus species by using bottom-up proteomic techniques...
November 11, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133357/myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-ameliorate-cyclosporine-a-induced-hypertension-in-mice
#11
Valorie L Chiasson, Kelsey R Bounds, Piyali Chatterjee, Lochana Manandhar, Abhinandan R Pakanati, Marcos Hernandez, Bilal Aziz, Brett M Mitchell
The calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporine A (CsA) suppresses the immune system but promotes hypertension, vascular dysfunction, and renal damage. CsA decreases regulatory T cells and this contributes to the development of hypertension. However, CsA's effects on another important regulatory immune cell subset, myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), is unknown. We hypothesized that augmenting MDSCs would ameliorate the CsA-induced hypertension and vascular and renal injury and dysfunction and that CsA reduces MDSCs in mice...
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132960/influenza-derived-peptides-cross-react-with-allergens-and-provide-asthma-protection
#12
Chrysanthi Skevaki, Christoph Hudemann, Mikhail Matrosovich, Christian Möbs, Sinu Paul, Andreas Wachtendorf, Bilal Alashkar Alhamwe, Daniel P Potaczek, Stefanie Hagner, Diethard Gemsa, Holger Garn, Alessandro Sette, Harald Renz
BACKGROUND: The hygiene hypothesis is the leading concept to explain the current asthma epidemic, which is built on the observation that a lack of bacterial contact early in life induces allergic Th2 immune responses. OBJECTIVE: Since little is known about the contribution of respiratory viruses in this context, we evaluated the effect of prior influenza-infection on the development of allergic asthma. METHODS: Mice were infected with influenza and once recovered, subjected to an ovalbumin or house dust mite-induced experimental asthma protocol...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131290/nesfatin-1-levels-in-patients-with-slow-coronary-flow
#13
Mevlüt Serdar Kuyumcu, Aliye Kuyumcu, Çağrı Yayla, Mustafa Bilal Özbay, Mehmet Alagöz, Sefa Ünal, Burak Açar, Özcan Özeke, Gülhan Samur
BACKGROUND: Nesfatin-1 is a novel found anorectic neuropeptide with potent metabolic regulatory effects. AIM: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between Nesfatin-1 levels and slow coronary flow (SCF). METHODS: A total of 60 consecutive patients with SCF and 60 consecutive patients with the normal coronary flow (NCF) were enrolled into the study. Nesfatin-1 level was measured from blood serum samples using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128876/internal-femoral-component-malrotation-in-tka-significantly-alters-tibiofemoral-kinematics
#14
Thomas J Heyse, Bilal F El-Zayat, Ronny De Corte, Yan Chevalier, Susanne Fuchs-Winkelmann, Luc Labey
PURPOSE: Femoral component malrotation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is clinically proven to cause dissatisfaction and impaired function. This study is an attempt to characterize the tibiofemoral kinematics following femoral malrotation in posterior stabilized (PS) TKA. It was hypothesized that internal malrotation would introduce the most pronounced changes. METHODS: Six fresh-frozen cadaver specimens were mounted in a kinematic rig. Three motion patterns were applied with the native knee and following PS TKA (passive motion, open chain extension, and squatting) while infrared cameras recorded the trajectories of markers attached to femur and tibia...
November 11, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126408/concomitant-glenohumeral-pathologies-in-high-grade-acromioclavicular-separation-type-iii-v
#15
Jochen Markel, Tim Schwarting, Dominik Malcherczyk, Christian-Dominik Peterlein, Steffen Ruchholtz, Bilal Farouk El-Zayat
BACKGROUND: Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocations are common injuries of the shoulder associated with physical activity. The diagnosis of concomitant injuries proves complicated due to the prominent clinical symptoms of acute ACJ dislocation. Because of increasing use of minimally invasive surgery techniques concomitant pathologies are diagnosed more often than with previous procedures. METHODS: The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of concomitant intraarticular injuries in patients with high-grade acromioclavicular separation (Rockwood type III - V) as well as to reveal potential risk constellations...
November 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123408/the-matrix-metalloproteinase-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-system-in-oral-cancer-a-prospective-clinical-study
#16
Eik Schiegnitz, Peer W Kämmerer, Holger Schön, Christoph Gülle, Manfred Berres, Keyvan Sagheb, Bilal Al-Nawas
Aim: The absence of reliable single serum biomarkers for oral premalignant lesion (OPL) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) limits early diagnosis, monitoring of advanced disease, and prediction of prognosis. Methods: In this prospective study, serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-3, MMP-13, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-3 were measured in 81 untreated OSCC patients, 49 healthy subjects, and 75 individuals with OPLs, and correlated with clinicopathological parameters...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118568/a-unique-appendiceal-orifice-a-striking-foreign-body-in-the-cecum
#17
Hamzeh Saraireh, Mohammad Bilal, Karen Szauter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113346/study-on-the-status-of-thyroid-function-and-thyroid-nodules-in-chinese-breast-cancer-patients
#18
Yanling Shi, Xin Li, Liang Ran, Bilal Arshad, Hao Li, Zhou Xu, Chunxia Zhao, Yutuan Wu, He Wu, Haoran Chen, Hong-Yuan Li, Kai-Nan Wu, Ling-Quan Kong
We performed a study to investigate the status of thyroid nodules and thyroid functions in Chinese breast cancer women. The clinical data of female patients with breast cancer or benign breast diseases and normal populace were evaluated. The thyroxine(T4) level in initially diagnosed breast cancer patients were significantly higher than those in benign breast diseases patients (7.68±1.51 vs 7.29±1.52ug/dl, p<0.001), while the TSH levels were slightly lower than in benign breast diseases patients(3.23±4...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111770/contemporary-trends-in-cardiogenic-shock-incidence-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-utilisation-and-outcomes-from-the-london-heart-attack-group
#19
Krishnaraj S Rathod, Sudheer Koganti, M Bilal Iqbal, Ajay K Jain, Sundeep S Kalra, Zoe Astroulakis, Pitt Lim, Roby Rakhit, Miles C Dalby, Tim Lockie, Iqbal S Malik, Charles J Knight, Mark Whitbread, Anthony Mathur, Simon Redwood, Philip A MacCarthy, Alexander Sirker, Constantinos O'Mahony, Andrew Wragg, Daniel A Jones
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. We aimed to assess the current trends in cardiogenic shock management, looking specifically at the incidence, use of intra-aortic balloon pump therapy and outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: We undertook an observational cohort study of 21,210 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients treated between 2005-2015 at the eight Heart Attack Centres in London, UK...
November 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105626/anticancer-activity-of-ea1-extracted-from-equisetum-arvense
#20
Huda I Al Mohammed, Bilal A Paray, Irfan A Rather
Plants and their byproducts have been used for the treatment of various diseases from the time immemorial. The current study was carried out to investigate the anticancer activity of ethanol extract of arial parts of Equisetum arvense (EA1). To check the anticancer potential of EA1, A549 lung carcinoma cells were treated with various concentrations of EA1 (100μg/mL, and 150μg/mL). The cell viability was checked using MTT assay, and apoptosis (programmed cell death) was assessed by acridine orange straining...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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