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Sensorimotor training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792887/auditory-priming-improves-neural-synchronization-in-auditory-motor-entrainment
#1
Jewel E Crasta, Michael H Thaut, Charles W Anderson, Patricia L Davies, William J Gavin
Neurophysiological research has shown that auditory and motor systems interact during movement to rhythmic auditory stimuli through a process called entrainment. This study explores the neural oscillations underlying auditory-motor entrainment using electroencephalography. Forty young adults were randomly assigned to one of two control conditions, an auditory-only condition or a motor-only condition, prior to a rhythmic auditory-motor synchronization condition (referred to as combined condition). Participants assigned to the auditory-only condition (auditory-first group) listened to 400 trials of auditory stimuli presented every 800ms, while those in the motor-only condition (motor-first group) were asked to tap rhythmically every 800ms without any external stimuli...
May 21, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780410/quantification-of-upper-limb-motor-recovery-and-eeg-power-changes-after-robot-assisted-bilateral-arm-training-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-prospective-pilot-study
#2
Marialuisa Gandolfi, Emanuela Formaggio, Christian Geroin, Silvia Francesca Storti, Ilaria Boscolo Galazzo, Marta Bortolami, Leopold Saltuari, Alessandro Picelli, Andreas Waldner, Paolo Manganotti, Nicola Smania
Background: Bilateral arm training (BAT) has shown promise in expediting progress toward upper limb recovery in chronic stroke patients, but its neural correlates are poorly understood. Objective: To evaluate changes in upper limb function and EEG power after a robot-assisted BAT in chronic stroke patients. Methods: In a within-subject design, seven right-handed chronic stroke patients with upper limb paresis received 21 sessions (3 days/week) of the robot-assisted BAT...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779740/the-influence-of-sensorimotor-experience-on-the-aesthetic-evaluation-of-dance-across-the-life-span
#3
Louise P Kirsch, Emily S Cross
Understanding how action perception, embodiment, and emotion interact is essential for advancing knowledge about how we perceive and interact with each other in a social world. One tool that has proved particularly useful in the past decade for exploring the relationship between perception, action, and affect is dance. Dance is, in its essence, a rich and multisensory art form that can be used to help answer not only basic questions about social cognition but also questions concerning how aging shapes the relationship between action perception, and the role played by affect, emotion, and aesthetics in social perception...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779737/neurodevelopmental-perspectives-on-dance-learning-insights-from-early-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#4
Dilini K Sumanapala, Jon Walbrin, Louise P Kirsch, Emily S Cross
Studies investigating human motor learning and movement perception have shown that similar sensorimotor brain regions are engaged when we observe or perform action sequences. However, the way these networks enable translation of complex observed actions into motor commands-such as in the context of dance-remains poorly understood. Emerging evidence suggests that the ability to encode specific visuospatial and kinematic movement properties encountered via different routes of sensorimotor experience may be an integral component of action learning throughout development...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778763/oscillation-patterns-of-local-field-potentials-in-the-dorsal-striatum-and-sensorimotor-cortex-during-the-encoding-maintenance-and-decision-stages-for-the-ordinal-comparison-of-sub-and-supra-second-signal-durations
#5
REVIEW
Bon-Mi Gu, Keshav Kukreja, Warren H Meck
Ordinal comparison of successively presented signal durations requires a) the encoding of the first signal duration (standard), b) maintenance of temporal information specific to the standard duration in memory, and c) timing of the second signal duration (comparison) during which a comparison is made of the first and second durations. Rats were first trained to make ordinal comparisons of signal durations within three time ranges using 0.5, 1.0, and 3.0-s standard durations. Local field potentials were then recorded from the dorsal striatum and sensorimotor cortex in order to investigate the pattern of neural oscillations during each phase of the ordinal-comparison process...
May 17, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775985/sensorimotor-exercises-and-enhanced-trunk-function-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Steffen Mueller, Tilman Engel, Juliane Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Heiner Baur, Frank Mayer
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a 6-week sensorimotor or resistance training on maximum trunk strength and response to sudden, high-intensity loading in athletes.Forty-three healthy, well-trained participants were randomized into sensorimotor (SMT; n=11), resistance training (RT; n=16) and control groups (CG; n=16). Treatment groups received either sensorimotor training (SMT) or resistance training (RT) for 6 weeks, 3 times a week. At baseline and after 6 weeks of intervention, participants' maximum isokinetic strength in trunk rotation and extension was tested (concentric/eccentric 30°/s)...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768943/early-reduced-behavioral-activity-induced-by-large-strokes-affects-the-efficiency-of-enriched-environment-in-rats
#7
Anna-Sophia Wahl, Eva Erlebach, Biagio Brattoli, Uta Büchler, Julia Kaiser, Benjamin V Ineichen, Alice C Mosberger, Shirin Schneeberger, Stefan Imobersteg, Martin Wieckhorst, Martina Stirn, Aileen Schroeter, Bjoern Ommer, Martin E Schwab
The majority of stroke patients develop post-stroke fatigue, a symptom which impairs motivation and diminishes the success of rehabilitative interventions. We show that large cortical strokes acutely reduce activity levels in rats for 1-2 weeks as a physiological response paralleled by signs of systemic inflammation. Rats were exposed early (1-2 weeks) or late (3-4 weeks after stroke) to an individually monitored enriched environment to stimulate self-controlled high-intensity sensorimotor training. A group of animals received Anti-Nogo antibodies for the first two weeks after stroke, a neuronal growth promoting immunotherapy already in clinical trials...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761583/handwriting-assessment-to-distinguish-comorbid-learning-difficulties-from-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-chinese-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#8
Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Tim M H Li, Mandy S W Lau, Choco H Y Ho, Howard W H Leung
OBJECTIVES: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning difficulties (LDs) are proposed as 2 overlapping disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate the handwriting performance in ADHD and comorbid ADHD-LD adolescents. METHODS: The study examined the Chinese and English handwriting performance and sensorimotor skills of 32 ADHD, 12 ADHD-LD, and their matched controls. RESULTS: Participants with ADHD had comparable writing time and speed, but the readability was lower than their controls...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761128/brain-computer-interfaces-for-post-stroke-motor-rehabilitation-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
María A Cervera, Surjo R Soekadar, Junichi Ushiba, José Del R Millán, Meigen Liu, Niels Birbaumer, Gangadhar Garipelli
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can provide sensory feedback of ongoing brain oscillations, enabling stroke survivors to modulate their sensorimotor rhythms purposefully. A number of recent clinical studies indicate that repeated use of such BCIs might trigger neurological recovery and hence improvement in motor function. Here, we provide a first meta-analysis evaluating the clinical effectiveness of BCI-based post-stroke motor rehabilitation. Trials were identified using MEDLINE, CENTRAL, PEDro and by inspection of references in several review articles...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755168/amount-and-content-of-sensorimotor-therapy-delivered-in-three-stroke-rehabilitation-units-in-quebec-canada
#10
Carol L Richards, Francine Malouin, Sylvie Nadeau, Joyce Fung, Line D'Amours, Claire Perez, Anne Durand
Purpose: This study creates a baseline clinical portrait of sensorimotor rehabilitation in three stroke rehabilitation units (SRUs) as a first step in implementing a multi-centre clinical research platform. Method: Participants in this cross-sectional, descriptive study were the patients and rehabilitation teams in these SRUs. Prospective (recording of therapy time and content and a Web-based questionnaire) and retrospective (chart audit) methods were combined to characterize the practice of the rehabilitation professionals...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749751/visual-motor-control-of-drop-landing-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Dustin R Grooms, Ajit Chaudhari, Stephen J Page, Deborah S Nichols-Larsen, James A Onate
CONTEXT:   Visual feedback is crucial in the control of human movement. When vision is obstructed, alterations in landing neuromuscular control may increase movements that place individuals at risk for injury. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may further alter the motor-control response to alterations in visual feedback. The development of stroboscopic glasses that disrupt visual feedback without fully obscuring it has enabled researchers to assess visual-motor control during movements that simulate the dynamic demands of athletic activity...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747540/anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-to-enhance-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-a-triple-blind-randomized-control-trial
#12
Amélie Fournier Belley, Catherine Mercier, Maude Bastien, Guillaume Léonard, Nathaly Gaudreault, Jean-Sébastien Roy
Study Design Triple-blind parallel-group randomized control trial. Background Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) has been shown to enhance the effects of sensorimotor training in neurological populations. For treatment of rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy, sensorimotor training leads to reduce pain and increase function. Addition of a-tDCS during a rehabilitation program centered on sensorimotor training could improve treatment outcome. Objective To compare a group receiving a rehabilitation program centered on sensorimotor training with a-tDCS to a group receiving the same rehabilitation program with sham a-tDCS in individuals with RC tendinopathy...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745627/neurophysiological-and-clinical-effects-of-blinfolded-balance-training-bbt-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-preliminary-study
#13
Sonia Bonnì, Viviana Ponzo, Marco Tramontano, Alex Martino Cinnera, Carlo Caltagirone, Giacomo Koch, Antonella Peppe
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence support the hypothesis that rehabilitative strategies based on sensorimotor stimulation in the neurorehabilitation of Parkinson's Disease (PD) may be useful to improve gait in PD patients. AIM: We supposed that sensorimotor stimulation produce modulation of Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (APAs) arising from the supplementary motor area (SMA). We aimed to investigate the clinical and neurophysiological effects of a blindfolded balance training (BBT)...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745626/train-the-brain-immediate-sensorimotor-effects-of-mentally-performed-flexor-exercises-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#14
Konstantin Beinert, Marc Sofsky, Jörg Trojan
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor tests, like cranio- cervical flexion and cervical joint position sense tests, share a strong cognitive component during their execution. However, cognitive training for those tests has not been investigated so far. AIM: To compare mental and physical exercises for improving the sensorimotor function of the cervical spine. DESIGN: A within-subject design with 16 participants. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy centre...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742133/visual-perceptual-training-reconfigures-post-task-resting-state-functional-connectivity-with-a-feature-representation-region
#15
Mitra Taghizadeh Sarabi, Ryuta Aoki, Kaho Tsumura, Ruedeerat Keerativittayayut, Koji Jimura, Kiyoshi Nakahara
The neural mechanisms underlying visual perceptual learning (VPL) have typically been studied by examining changes in task-related brain activation after training. However, the relationship between post-task "offline" processes and VPL remains unclear. The present study examined this question by obtaining resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans of human brains before and after a task-fMRI session involving visual perceptual training. During the task-fMRI session, participants performed a motion coherence discrimination task in which they judged the direction of moving dots with a coherence level that varied between trials (20, 40, and 80%)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741273/is-auditory-perceptual-timing-a-core-deficit-of-developmental-coordination-disorder
#16
Laurel J Trainor, Andrew Chang, John Cairney, Yao-Chuen Li
Time is an essential dimension for perceiving and processing auditory events, and for planning and producing motor behaviors. Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 5-6% of children that is characterized by deficits in motor skills. Studies show that children with DCD have motor timing and sensorimotor timing deficits. We suggest that auditory perceptual timing deficits may also be core characteristics of DCD. This idea is consistent with evidence from several domains, (1) motor-related brain regions are often involved in auditory timing process; (2) DCD has high comorbidity with dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity, which are known to be associated with auditory timing deficits; (3) a few studies report deficits in auditory-motor timing among children with DCD; and (4) our preliminary behavioral and neuroimaging results show that children with DCD at age 6 and 7 have deficits in auditory time discrimination compared to typically developing children...
May 9, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741205/protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-piano-training-on-cognitive-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#17
Jennifer Bugos
Age-related cognitive decline and cognitive impairment represent the fastest growing health epidemic worldwide among those over 60. There is a critical need to identify effective and novel complex cognitive interventions to promote successful aging. Since piano training engages cognitive and bimanual sensorimotor processing, we hypothesize that piano training may serve as an effective cognitive intervention, as it requires sustained attention and engages an executive network that supports generalized cognition and emotional control...
May 9, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710308/eye-movement-training-is-most-effective-when-it-involves-a-task-relevant-sensorimotor-decision
#18
Jolande Fooken, Kathryn M Lalonde, Gurkiran K Mann, Miriam Spering
Eye and hand movements are closely linked when performing everyday actions. We conducted a perceptual-motor training study to investigate mutually beneficial effects of eye and hand movements, asking whether training in one modality benefits performance in the other. Observers had to predict the future trajectory of a briefly presented moving object, and intercept it at its assumed location as accurately as possible with their finger. Eye and hand movements were recorded simultaneously. Different training protocols either included eye movements or a combination of eye and hand movements with or without external performance feedback...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706124/sensorimotor-activity-partially-ameliorates-pain-and-reduces-nociceptive-fiber-density-in-the-chronically-injured-spinal-cord
#19
Christopher Sliwinski, Timo A Nees, Radhika Puttagunta, Norbert Weidner, Armin Blesch
A large proportion of patients suffering from spinal cord injury (SCI) develop chronic central neuropathic pain. Previously, we and others have shown that sensorimotor training early after SCI can prevent the development of mechanical allodynia. To determine whether training initiated in the subchronic/chronic phase remains effective, correlates of below level neuropathic pain were analyzed in the hindpaws 5-10 weeks after a moderate T11 contusion SCI (50 kDyn) in adult female C57BL/6 mice. Comparing SCI and sham mice 5 weeks post-injury, about 80% of injured animals developed mechanical hypersensitivity to light mechanical stimuli, whereas testing of noxious stimuli revealed hypo-responsiveness...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694259/encoding-of-novel-verbal-instructions-for-prospective-action-in-the-lateral-prefrontal-cortex-evidence-from-univariate-and-multivariate-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-analysis
#20
Nicolas J Bourguignon, Senne Braem, Egbert Hartstra, Jan De Houwer, Marcel Brass
Verbal instructions are central to humans' capacity to learn new behaviors with minimal training, but the neurocognitive mechanisms involved in verbally instructed behaviors remain puzzling. Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) evidence suggests that the right middle frontal gyrus and dorsal premotor cortex (rMFG-dPMC) supports the translation of symbolic stimulus-response mappings into sensorimotor representations. Here, we set out to (1) replicate this finding, (2) investigate whether this region's involvement is specific to novel (vs...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
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