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Complimentary alternative medicine

Donna-Ann Thomas, Benjamin Maslin, Aron Legler, Erin Springer, Abbas Asgerally, Nalini Vadivelu
There is increasing interest in the use of complimentary and alternative medicine (CAM) for the treatment of chronic pain. This review examines alternative and complimentary therapies, which can be incorporated as part of a biopsychosocial approach in the treatment of chronic pain syndromes. In the present investigation, literature from articles indexed on PubMed was evaluated including topics of alternative therapies, complimentary therapies, pain psychology, biofeedback therapy, physical exercise therapies, acupuncture, natural and herbal supplements, whole-body cryotherapy, and smartphone technologies in the treatment of chronic pain syndromes...
May 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Kailash Prasad, Ashok Jadhav
Atherosclerosis is the primary cause of coronary artery disease, heart attack, strokes, and peripheral vascular disease. Alternative/complimentary medicines, although are unacceptable by medical community, may be of great help in suppression, slowing of progression and regression of atherosclerosis. Numerous natural products are in use for therapy in spite of lack of evidence. This paper discusses the basic mechanism of atherosclerosis, risk factors for atherosclerosis, and prevention, slowing of progression and regression of atherosclerosis with flaxseed-derived secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG)...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Aishah Knight, Yen Siew Hwa, Hasnah Hashim
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a common cancer affecting women in Malaysia and the use of complementary/ alternative medicine (CAM) has been associated with delays in getting treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the use of CAM and the influencing factors in the Northern region of Peninsular Malaysia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study on a convenience sample of 100 Malaysian breast cancer survivors. FINDINGS: The reported use of CAM among the breast cancer survivors was lower than in other studies but the types of CAM used had a similar pattern with nutrition supplements/vitamins being the most common...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ahmet Keskin, Ugur BIlge
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT) are chronic disorders with which mental disorders may coexist and for which patients may resort to alternative medicine use. Alternative and complementary medicine is a treatment option that patients tend to use. This study is to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among patients diagnosed with DM and HT and their use of alternative medicine methods. Materials and Methods The study was conducted in a primary care setting...
November 2014: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Dani Filc, Nissim Cohen
Black medicine represents the most problematic configuration of informal payments for health care. According to the accepted economic explanations, we would not expect to find black medicine in a system with a developed private service. Using Israel as a case study, we suggest an alternative yet a complimentary explanation for the emergence of black medicine in public health care systems - even though citizens do have the formal option to use private channels. We claim that when regulation is weak and political culture is based on 'do it yourself' strategies, which meant to solve immediate problems, blurring the boundaries between public and private health care services may only reduce public trust and in turn, contribute to the emergence of black medicine...
July 2015: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
Ramakrishna K Kishore, Hulegar A Abhishekh, Kaviraja Udupa, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Gandhidas S Lavekar, Bangalore N Gangadhar, Trichur R Raju, Talakad N Sathyaprabha
INTRODUCTION: Ayurveda (Indian-complimentary and alternative medicine) is still most sought after in India and has promising potential in management of Vishada [major depressive disorder (MDD)]. But, systematic research is lacking. In this study we evaluated of influence of ayurvedic treatment (Panchakarma and Ayushman-15) on psychopathology, heart rate variability (HRV) and endocrinal parameters in patients with major depression. METHODS: 81 drug naive patients diagnosed as Vishada by ayurvedic physician and MDD according to DSM IV-TR were given ayurvedic Virechana module (therapeutic purgation) and were randomized into two groups...
December 2014: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Naomi A Hartley, Susan L Thibeault
OBJECTIVES: To examine the current state of the science regarding the role of systemic hydration in vocal function and health. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: Literature search spanning multiple disciplines, including speech-language pathology, nutrition and dietetics, medicine, sports and exercise science, physiology, and biomechanics. RESULTS: The relationship between hydration and physical function is an area of common interest among multiple professions...
September 2014: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Yared Yigezu, Demissew Berihun Haile, Wubeante Yenet Ayen
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicines have been used for nearly 90% of livestock populations in Ethiopia where complimentary remedies are required to the modern health care system. All plants with pharmacological activity complimentarily prescribed as best choice against livestock diseases. A community based cross - sectional survey was conducted to investigate ethno-veterinary knowledge and practices of study area by purposive sampling techniques. The data from respondents were collected through face-to face interview using pre-tested semi-structured questionnaires, which was further accompanied by field observations of the medicinal plants...
2014: BMC Veterinary Research
Amritanshu Ram, Nagarathna Raghuram, Raghavendra M Rao, Hemant Bhargav, Prasad S Koka, Satyam Tripathi, Raghuram V Nelamangala, Gopinath S Kodaganur, Nagendra Hongasandra Ramarao
CONTEXT AND AIM: Complementary and alternative therapies (CAM) are gaining popularity amongst patients as add on to conventional medicine. Yoga stands third amongst all CAM that is being used by cancer patients today. Different schools of yoga use different sets of practices, with some using a more physical approach and many using meditation and/or breathing. All these modules are developed based on the needs of the patient. This paper is an attempt to provide the basis for a comprehensive need based integrative yoga module for cancer patients at different stages of treatment and follow up...
2012: Journal of Stem Cells
Rabyyan Junaid, Mustafa Abaas, Batool Fatima, Irma Anis, Mehwish Hussain
OBJECTIVES: To determine the attitude towards complementary and alternative medicine among the doctors and patients. METHODS: The study was carried out at Civil Hospital Karachi and Liaquat National University Hospital, Karachi during April to September 2010. Two sets of questionnaires were developed separately for doctors and patients. Each set consisted of queries regarding demographic data of patients and doctors. The questionnaire for the patients contained questions reflecting the general attitude, mode of complimentary and alternative medicine usage, disease referred and the underlined reasons behind pricking the options...
August 2012: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Doug Henry, Leon Rosenthal, David Dedrick, Daniel Taylor
To better gain insight into patient responses to insomnia, we take a medical anthropologically informed approach to patient beliefs and behaviors, particularly those related to self-diagnosis, management, help-seeking, and self-treatment of insomnia. We conducted 24 in-depth qualitative interviews in which participants were asked their beliefs about the origin of their insomnia, its anticipated course, their evaluation of symptoms, their responses, and their expectations surrounding treatment. Important and novel data were generated about patient beliefs and behaviors related to problem sleeping...
2013: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Ebelechukwu A Odiari, Angelina N Chambers
The use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to alleviate menopausal symptoms is associated with risks of cardiovascular and thromboembolic diseases and breast cancer. In this qualitative study, we investigated how women in low-resource settings manage menopausal symptoms without HRT. We interviewed 34 menopausal Ghanaian women about their sources of information, perceptions, attitudes, and self-management methods for alleviating menopausal symptoms. The majority of the women used a combination of nonhormonal medications and complimentary and alternative medicine (CAM), including dietary modifications, exercise, and other lifestyle changes to effectively manage menopausal symptoms...
2012: Health Care for Women International
T M Sreenivasan
Medical therapies of various kinds practiced round the world have the role of reestablishing a homeostatic balance in an individual. Both the scientific community and populace at large take it for granted that Western (or as it is called, Modern) medicine is scientific while traditional medicine as unscientific and purely empirical, while the first idea may be partly true, the second attitude is completely false. The choice of a medical technology-be it modern medicine, Ayurveda, acupuncture or any other natural or man-made technology-should rest with the society depending on the technology's efficacy for the particular disease in question, its immediate availability, cost effectiveness, psychosocial acceptance etc...
April 1985: Ancient Science of Life
Floyd Dukes, Stathis Kanterakis, James Lee, Ralph Pietrofesa, Emily S Andersen, Evguenia Arguiri, Sonia Tyagi, Louise Showe, Yassine Amrani, Melpo Christofidou-Solomidou
BACKGROUND: Flaxseed (FS), a nutritional supplement consisting mainly of omega-3 fatty acids and lignan phenolics has potent anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic and antioxidant properties. The usefulness of flaxseed as an alternative and complimentary treatment option has been known since ancient times. We have shown that dietary FS supplementation ameliorates oxidative stress and inflammation in experimental models of acute and chronic lung injury in mice resulting from diverse toxicants...
2012: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Andrew P Litchy
The use of Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is increasing in the United States; there is a need for physician level practitioners who possess extensive training in both CAM and conventional medicine. Naturopathic physicians possess training that allows integration of modern scientific knowledge and the age-old wisdom of natural healing techniques. Naturopathic philosophy provides a framework to implement CAM in concert with conventional therapies. The naturopathic physician's expertise in both conventional medicine and CAM allows a practice style that provides excellent care through employing conventional and CAM modalities while utilizing modern research and evidence-based medicine...
December 2011: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Anne Zahradnik
This study recounts the findings from a year-long survey of Brooklyn residents. Survey respondents were questioned about their knowledge of asthma signs, triggers, symptoms and their attitudes and beliefs about asthma. If they had asthma or were responsible for a child or adult who had asthma they were asked questions to determine how well that asthma was controlled. They were also questioned about their preferred sources of asthma information. Descriptive and inferential statistics indicate that the survey respondents (mostly African American, middle aged, females) were generally knowledgeable about asthma, although they shared some misconceptions about asthma treatments and triggers...
2011: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Kelly R Holt, Heidi Haavik, C Raina Elley
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the scientific literature on the effects of manual therapy interventions on falls and balance. METHODS: This systematic review included randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials that investigated the effects of manual therapy interventions on falls or balance. Outcomes of interest were rate of falls, number of fallers reported, and measures of postural stability. Data sources included searches through June 2011 of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Allied and Complimentary Medicine, Current Controlled Trials, Manual Alternative and Natural Therapy Index System, Index to the Chiropractic Literature, National Institutes of Health (USA), and Google Scholar...
March 2012: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Kalpana Sridharan, Roshni Mohan, Sridharan Ramaratnam, Deepak Panneerselvam
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes frequently use complimentary and alternative medications including Ayurvedic medications and hence it is important to determine their efficacy and safety. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of Ayurvedic treatments for diabetes mellitus. SEARCH METHODS: We searched The Cochrane Library (issue 10, 2011), MEDLINE (until 31 August 2011), EMBASE (until 31 August 2011), AMED (until 14 October 2011), the database of randomised trials from South Asia (until 14 October 2011), the database of the grey literature (OpenSigle, until 14 October 2011) and databases of ongoing trials (until 14 October 2011)...
2011: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Simon Lal, Neeraj Prasad, Manijeh Ryan, Sabrena Tangri, Mark S Silverberg, Allan Gordon, Hillary Steinhart
BACKGROUND: Experimental evidence suggests the endogenous cannabinoid system may protect against colonic inflammation, leading to the possibility that activation of this system may have a therapeutic role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Medicinal use of cannabis for chronic pain and other symptoms has been reported in a number of medical conditions. We aimed to evaluate cannabis use in patients with IBD. METHODS: One hundred patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 191 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) attending a tertiary-care outpatient clinic completed a questionnaire regarding current and previous cannabis use, socioeconomic factors, disease history and medication use, including complimentary alternative medicines...
October 2011: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
K Liu, A J Kaffes
BACKGROUND: Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) is a commonly encountered clinical problem in gastroenterology and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The investigation and management of OGIB has changed dramatically over the past decade with the advent of newer gastroenterological and radiological technologies. AIM: To review the current evidence on the diagnosis and investigation of OGIB. METHODS: We searched the PubMed database (1985-2010) for full original articles in English-language journals relevant to the investigation of OGIB...
August 2011: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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