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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815044/agonist-anti-gitr-antibody-significantly-enhances-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-listeria-monocytogenes-based-immunotherapy
#1
Rajeev Shrimali, Shamim Ahmad, Zuzana Berrong, Grigori Okoev, Adelaida Matevosyan, Ghazaleh Shoja E Razavi, Robert Petit, Seema Gupta, Mikayel Mkrtichyan, Samir N Khleif
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that in addition to generating an antigen-specific immune response, Listeria monocytogenes (Lm)-based immunotherapy significantly reduces the ratio of regulatory T cells (Tregs)/CD4(+) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in the tumor microenvironment. Since Lm-based immunotherapy is able to inhibit the immune suppressive environment, we hypothesized that combining this treatment with agonist antibody to a co-stimulatory receptor that would further boost the effector arm of immunity will result in significant improvement of anti-tumor efficacy of treatment...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813499/staphylococcus-aureus-biofilm-elicits-the-expansion-activation-and-polarization-of-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#2
Kuo-Ti Peng, Ching-Chuan Hsieh, Tsung-Yu Huang, Pei-Chun Chen, Hsin-Nung Shih, Mel S Lee, Pey-Jium Chang
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most common causes of biofilm infections in periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs). Accumulating evidence has shown that the immunosuppressive environment established by S. aureus biofilm infection in PJIs involves the presence of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and M2-macrophages. Due to the diversity of MDSCs, little is known about whether S. aureus biofilm preferentially expands specific MDSC subsets or whether MDSCs can further differentiate into M2-macrophages during S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811975/chemotherapeutic-agent-mediated-elimination-of-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells
#3
REVIEW
Zibing Wang, Brian Till, Quanli Gao
Immunotherapy has shown great promise in the fight against cancer, as evidenced by the clinical efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T cells in hematologic malignancies and checkpoint blockade in certain solid tumors. However, a considerable number of patients fail to respond to these therapies. Induction of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) by growing tumors has been shown to be one important factor limiting the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy. Recently, several chemotherapeutic agents used in conventional cancer chemotherapy have been found to reduce MDSC numbers in tumor tissues as well as in the peripheral lymphoid organs, and combining these agents with immunotherapy improved survival of tumor-bearing hosts...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807056/agonist-anti-gitr-antibody-significantly-enhances-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-listeria-monocytogenes-based-immunotherapy
#4
Rajeev Shrimali, Shamim Ahmad, Zuzana Berrong, Grigori Okoev, Adelaida Matevosyan, Ghazaleh Shoja E Razavi, Robert Petit, Seema Gupta, Mikayel Mkrtichyan, Samir N Khleif
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that in addition to generating an antigen-specific immune response, Listeria monocytogenes (Lm)-based immunotherapy significantly reduces the ratio of regulatory T cells (Tregs)/CD4(+) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in the tumor microenvironment. Since Lm-based immunotherapy is able to inhibit the immune suppressive environment, we hypothesized that combining this treatment with agonist antibody to a co-stimulatory receptor that would further boost the effector arm of immunity will result in significant improvement of anti-tumor efficacy of treatment...
August 15, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805019/cd11b-gr1-dim-tolerogenic-dendritic-cell-like-cells-are-expanded-in-interstitial-lung-disease-in-skg-mice
#5
Sho Sendo, Jun Saegusa, Takaichi Okano, Soshi Takahashi, Kengo Akashi, Akio Morinobu
OBJECTIVE: SKG mice develop interstitial lung disease (ILD) resembling rheumatoid arthritis-associated ILD (RA-ILD) in human. The aim of this study is to clarify the mechanism behind the lung pathology by analyzing the lung-infiltrating cells in ILD of SKG mice. METHODS: We assessed the severity of zymosan A (ZyA)-induced ILD in SKG mice histologically, and examined lung-infiltrating cells by flow cytometry. Total lung cells and isolated monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs) were cultured in vitro with GM-CSF (and IL-4)...
August 13, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802852/autophagy-regulates-accumulation-and-functional-activity-of-granulocytic-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-via-stat3-signaling-in-endotoxin-shock
#6
Guanjun Dong, Chuanping Si, Qingqing Zhang, Fenglian Yan, Chunxia Li, Hui Zhang, Qun Ma, Jun Dai, Zhihua Li, Hui Shi, Bo Wang, Junfeng Zhang, Jiankuo Ming, Yuan Hu, Shuo Geng, Yao Zheng, Liwu Li, Huabao Xiong
Autophagy extensively participates in immune responses and inflammatory diseases. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are derived from CD11b(+)Gr1(+) cells under pathological conditions and play an immunosuppressive role in the pathogenesis of cancer and inflammatory diseases. However, the role of autophagy in regulating the accumulation and activity of MDSCs remains unknown. In the present study, we evaluated the effects and mechanisms of autophagy on regulating accumulation and activity of MDSCs. We first found that granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSCs), but not monocytic MDSCs (M-MDSCs), were accumulated in mice challenged by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and showed an elevated autophagy activity...
August 9, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798364/characterization-of-circulating-low-density-neutrophils-intrinsic-properties-in-healthy-and-asthmatic-horses
#7
Nicolas Herteman, Amandine Vargas, Jean-Pierre Lavoie
Low-density neutrophils (LDNs) are a subset of neutrophils first described in the bloodstream upon pathological conditions, and recently, in the blood of healthy humans. LDNs may have an enhanced pro-inflammatory (low-density granulocytes, LDGs) or an immunosuppressive (Granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells, G-MDSCs) profile. Whether these characteristics are specific to LDNs or related to disease states is unknown. Thus, we sought to investigate the properties of LDNs in both health and disease states, and to compare them to those of autologous normal-density neutrophils (NDNs)...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794879/human-papillomavirus-driven-immune-deviation-challenge-and-novel-opportunity-for-immunotherapy
#8
REVIEW
Sigrun Smola, Connie Trimble, Peter L Stern
It is now recognized that the immune system can be a key component of restraint and control during the neoplastic process. Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers of the anogenital tract and oropharynx represent a significant clinical problem but there is a clear opportunity for immune targeting of the viral oncogene expression that drives cancer development. However, high-risk HPV infection of the target epithelium and the expression of the E6/E7 oncogenes can lead to early compromise of the innate immune system (loss of antigen-presenting cells) facilitating viral persistence and increased risk of cancer...
June 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790822/complement-c3-dependent-uptake-of-targeted-liposomes-into-human-macrophages-b-cells-dendritic-cells-neutrophils-and-mdscs
#9
Alexandra Francian, Kristine Mann, Max Kullberg
Antitumor immunity in cancer patients is heavily modulated by cells of the innate immune system. Antigen-presenting cells, including dendritic cells, macrophages, and B cells, initiate immune recognition of tumor antigen by displaying antigen to effector cells. Countering this immune stimulation are immunosuppressive cells which include M2 macrophages, N2 neutrophils, and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). To create effective cancer immunotherapies, it is critical that we can target these important cell types of the immune system with immunostimulatory compounds...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790345/oleate-but-not-stearate-induces-the-regulatory-phenotype-of-myeloid-suppressor-cells
#10
Hao Wu, Carl Weidinger, Franziska Schmidt, Jacqueline Keye, Marie Friedrich, Cansu Yerinde, Gerald Willimsky, Zhihai Qin, Britta Siegmund, Rainer Glauben
Tumor infiltrating myeloid cells play contradictory roles in the tumor development. Dendritic cells and classical activated macrophages support anti-tumor immune activity via antigen presentation and induction of pro-inflammatory immune responses. Myeloid suppressor cells (MSCs), for instance myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) or tumor associated macrophages play a critical role in tumor growth. Here, treatment with sodium oleate, an unsaturated fatty acid, induced a regulatory phenotype in the myeloid suppressor cell line MSC-2 and resulted in an increased suppression of activated T cells, paralleled by increased intracellular lipid droplets formation...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780350/effect-of-elovl3-expression-on-bovine-skeletal-muscle-derived-satellite-cell-differentiation
#11
Dan Liu, Jia-Hui Xu, Hui-Li Tong, Shu-Feng Li, Yun-Qin Yan
ELOVL3 is involved in elongating saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, and is a critical enzyme for lipid accumulation in brown adipocytes during the early phase of tissue recruitment. In addition, ELOVL3 is related to increased fatty acid oxidation in brown adipocytes. However, the potential functions of ELOVL3 in bovine cells remain unclear. Herein, we aimed to elucidate the effect of the ELOVL3 on the differentiation of bovine skeletal muscle-derived satellite cells (MDSCs). Western blot and immunofluorescence analyses were used for elucidating ELOVL3 expression pattern in bovine MDSCs during differentiation in vitro...
August 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777871/the-functional-characteristics-ccni-modulation-of-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-in-liver-inflammation
#12
Haiyan Zhang, Min Lian, Jun Zhang, Zhaolian Bian, Ruqi Tang, Qi Miao, Yanshen Peng, Jingyuan Fang, Zhengrui You, Pietro Invernizzi, Qixia Wang, M Eric Gershwin, Xiong Ma
There is increasing awareness of the immunologic roles of liver mononuclear populations including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). We took advantage of a large well defined cohort of 148 patients with liver inflammation and 45 health controls to focus on the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of MDSCs. We investigated the frequency, phenotype and functional capacities of MDSCs using peripheral blood MDSCs in a cohort of 55 patients with PBC, 40 with AIH, 39 with CHB, 14 with NAFLD and 45 healthy controls, and thereafter a liver targeted determination in 27 PBC, 27 AIH, 20 CHB, 14 NAFLD and 6 controls...
August 4, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777668/therapeutic-tumor-control-of-her2-dna-vaccines-is-achieved-by-an-alteration-of-tumor-cells-and-tumor-microenvironment-by-gemcitabine-and-anti-gr-1-ab-treatment-in-a-her2-expressing-tumor-model
#13
Sayyed Nilofar Danishmalik, Jeong-Im Sin
Therapeutic control of tumors is challenging as they tend to alter their biological functions and microenvironment. In a CT26/HER2 tumor model, HER2 DNA vaccines and even anti-PD-L1 Abs failed to display antitumor therapeutic activity while inducing Ag-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity. To clarify this contradictory finding, we selected tumor cells (CT26/HER2-1) from one tumor-bearing animal in the therapeutic model. CT26/HER2-1 cells behaved similar to wild-type CT26/HER2 cells in their HER2 expression, immune cell stimulation for IFN-γ production, and antitumor immune sensitivity...
August 4, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763567/low-intensity-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-promotes-myogenesis-through-perk-atf4-pathway
#14
Bohan Wang, Jun Zhou, Lia Banie, Amanda B Reed-Maldonado, Hongxiu Ning, Zhihua Lu, Yajun Ruan, Tie Zhou, Hsun Shuan Wang, Byung Seok Oh, Guifang Wang, Stanley Lei Qi, Guiting Lin, Tom F Lue
AIM: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a significant health problem for women. Treatments employing muscle derived stem cells (MDSCs) may be a promising approach to this prevalent, bothersome condition, but these treatments are invasive and require collection of cells from one site for injection into another. It is also unknown whether or not these cells establish themselves and function as muscle cells in the target tissues. Alternatively, low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (Li-ESWT) is non-invasive and has shown positive outcomes in the treatment of multiple musculoskeletal disorders, but the biological effects responsible for clinical success are not yet well understood...
August 1, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758111/the-neuroprotective-effects-of-muscle-derived-stem-cells-via-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-spinal-cord-injury-model
#15
Donghe Han, Shurui Chen, Shiqiang Fang, Shiqiong Liu, Meihua Jin, Zhanpeng Guo, Yajiang Yuan, Yansong Wang, Chang Liu, Xifan Mei
Muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) possess multipotent differentiation and self-renewal capacities; however, the effects and mechanism in neuron injury remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of MDSCs on neuron secondary injury, oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. An in vivo study showed the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) score and number of neurons significantly increased after MDSCs' transplantation in spinal cord injury (SCI) rats. An in vitro study demonstrated that MDSCs attenuated neuron apoptosis, and the expression of antioxidants was upregulated as well as the ratio of Bcl-2 and Bax in the MNT (MDSCs cocultured with injured neurons) group compared with the NT (injured neurons) group...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756121/distal-airway-microbiome-is-associated-with-immunoregulatory-myeloid-cell-responses-in-lung-transplant-recipients
#16
Nirmal S Sharma, Keith M Wille, S Athira, Degui Zhi, Kenneth P Hough, Enrique Diaz-Guzman, Kui Zhang, Ranjit Kumar, Sunad Rangarajan, Peter Eipers, Yong Wang, Ritesh K Srivastava, Jose Vicente Rodriguez Dager, Mohammad Athar, Casey Morrow, Charles W Hoopes, David D Chaplin, Victor J Thannickal, Jessy S Deshane
BACKGROUND: Long-term survival of lung transplant recipients (LTRs) is limited by the occurrence of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). Recent evidence suggests a role for microbiome alterations in the occurrence of BOS, although the precise mechanisms are unclear. In this study we evaluated the relationship between the airway microbiome and distinct subsets of immunoregulatory myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in LTRs. METHODS: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and simultaneous oral wash and nasal swab samples were collected from adult LTRs...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753790/positive-pelvic-lymph-nodes-in-prostate-cancer-harbor-immune-suppressor-cells-to-impair-tumor-reactive-t-cells
#17
Vidit Sharma, Haidong Dong, Eugene Kwon, R Jeffrey Karnes
The impact of prostate cancer (PCa) metastases on pelvic lymph nodes in local antitumor immunity remains unknown. We prospectively enrolled ten hormone therapy-naïve men undergoing salvage pelvic lymph node dissection (sPLND) and analyzed their peripheral blood (PB) and positive pelvic lymph nodes (PPLNs) with PCa metastases for tumor-reactive CD8(+) T cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) using flow cytometry. MDSCs were stratified into CD14(+) monocytic and CD14(-) granulocytic types. PD-L1/2 expression was also analyzed for MDSCs...
September 21, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750018/pancreatic-cancer-cell-fibroblast-co-culture-induces-m2-like-macrophages-that-influence-therapeutic-response-in-a-3d-model
#18
Janina Kuen, Diana Darowski, Tobias Kluge, Meher Majety
Pancreatic cancer (PC) remains one of the most challenging solid tumors to treat with a high unmet medical need as patients poorly respond to standard-of-care-therapies. Prominent desmoplastic reaction involving cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and the immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and their cross-talk play a significant role in tumor immune escape and progression. To identify the key cellular mechanisms induce an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, we established 3D co-culture model with pancreatic cancer cells, CAFs and monocytes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736551/differential-phenotypes-of-myeloid-derived-suppressor-and-t-regulatory-cells-and-cytokine-levels-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-subjects-compared-to-mild-alzheimer-diseased-patients
#19
Aurélie Le Page, Hugo Garneau, Gilles Dupuis, Eric H Frost, Anis Larbi, Jacek M Witkowski, Graham Pawelec, Tamàs Fülöp
Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of dementia although the underlying cause(s) remains unknown at this time. However, neuroinflammation is believed to play an important role and suspected contributing immune parameters can be revealed in studies comparing patients at the stage of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) to healthy age-matched individuals. A network of immune regulatory cells including regulatory T cells (Tregs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) maintains immune homeostasis but there are very few data on the role of these cells in AD...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732079/lmp1-mediated-glycolysis-induces-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cell-expansion-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#20
Ting-Ting Cai, Shu-Biao Ye, Yi-Na Liu, Jia He, Qiu-Yan Chen, Hai-Qiang Mai, Chuan-Xia Zhang, Jun Cui, Xiao-Shi Zhang, Pierre Busson, Yi-Xin Zeng, Jiang Li
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are expanded in tumor microenvironments, including that of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The link between MDSC expansion and EBV infection in NPC is unclear. Here, we show that EBV latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) promotes MDSC expansion in the tumor microenvironment by promoting extra-mitochondrial glycolysis in malignant cells, which is a scenario for immune escape initially suggested by the frequent, concomitant detection of abundant LMP1, glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) and CD33+ MDSCs in tumor sections...
July 2017: PLoS Pathogens
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