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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922388/expression-and-prognosis-analyses-of-the-tob-btg-antiproliferative-apro-protein-family-in-human-cancers
#1
Yuru Bai, Lu Qiao, Ning Xie, Yongquan Shi, Na Liu, Jinhai Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in early diagnosis and treatment, cancer remains the major cause of mortality in the world. The Tob/BTG antiproliferative (APRO) protein family is reported to participate in diverse human diseases. However, there's little known about their expression and prognostic values in most human cancers. METHODS: We performed a detailed cancer vs. normal analysis. The mRNA expression levels of APRO family in various cancers were analyzed via the Oncomine database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834778/outcomes-of-radioembolization-for-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-marginal-functional-hepatic-reserve
#2
Derek M Biederman, Raghuram Posham, Raisa J Durrani, Joseph J Titano, Rahul S Patel, Nora E Tabori, Francis S Nowakowski, Aaron M Fischman, Robert A Lookstein, Edward Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of radioembolization (RE) as a therapy for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with marginal functional hepatic reserve. METHODS: A retrospective review of 471 patients (1/2010-7/2015) treated with RE (Therasphere, BTG, UK) was performed. A total of 36 patients (mean age: 66.1±9.3, male: 86.1%) underwent therapy for HCC with a MELD≥15 (median: 16, range: 15-22). Baseline demographics of the study cohort were as follows: etiology (HCV: 26, 72...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701697/peptidomics-of-an-in-vitro-digested-%C3%AE-gal-carrying-protein-revealed-ige-reactive-peptides
#3
D Apostolovic, M Krstic, J Mihailovic, M Starkhammar, T Cirkovic Velickovic, C Hamsten, M van Hage
The mammalian carbohydrate galactose-α1,3-galactose (α-Gal) causes a novel form of food allergy, red meat allergy, where patients experience severe allergic reactions several hours after red meat consumption. Here we explored gastric digestion of α-Gal glycoproteins using an in vitro model. Bovine thyroglobulin (BTG), a typical α-Gal carrying glycoprotein, was digested with pepsin. The resulting peptides were characterised by SDS PAGE, immunoblot and ImmunoCAP using sera from 20 red meat allergic patients...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648803/sorafenib-in-combination-with-transarterial-chemoembolisation-in-patients-with-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-tace-2-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-double-blind-phase-3-trial
#4
Tim Meyer, Richard Fox, Yuk Ting Ma, Paul J Ross, Martin W James, Richard Sturgess, Clive Stubbs, Deborah D Stocken, Lucy Wall, Anthony Watkinson, Nigel Hacking, T R Jeffry Evans, Peter Collins, Richard A Hubner, David Cunningham, John Neil Primrose, Philip J Johnson, Daniel H Palmer
BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) is the standard of care for patients with intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma, while the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib improves survival in patients with advanced disease. We aimed to determine whether TACE with sorafenib improves progression-free survival versus TACE with placebo. METHODS: We did a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial (TACE 2) in 20 hospitals in the UK for patients with unresectable, liver-confined hepatocellular carcinoma...
June 22, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631637/an-integrated-genomic-profile-that-includes-copy-number-alterations-is-highly-predictive-of-minimal-residual-disease-status-in-childhood-precursor-b-lineage-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#5
Nikhil Patkar, P G Subramanian, Prashant Tembhare, Sneha Mandalia, Gaurav Chaterjee, Nikhil Rabade, Rohan Kodgule, Karishma Chopra, Asma Bibi, Swapnali Joshi, Shruti Chaudhary, Russel Mascerhenas, Pratibha Kadam-Amare, Gaurav Narula, Brijesh Arora, Shripad Banavali, Sumeet Gujral
INTRODUCTION: Copy number alterations (CNA) have been described in childhood precursor B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) which in conjunction with chromosomal abnormalities drive leukemogenesis. There is no consensus on the clinical incorporation of CNA in B-ALL. An integrated genomic classification (IGC) has been proposed which includes CNA and cytogenetics. METHODS: We correlated this IGC with immunophenotypic minimal residual disease (MRD) as well as other standard criteria for 245 patients of B-ALL such as National Cancer Institute (NCI) risk, D+8 prednisolone response, cytogenetics, and ploidy status...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613020/integrated-gene-expression-profiling-and-chromatin-immunoprecipitation-followed-by-sequencing-analysis-of-the-c-terminal-binding-protein-in-breast-cancer
#6
Lu Chen, Yang Yang, Liwei Xu, Rui Liu, Yali Wang
AIM: This study explored the possible mechanisms of the transcriptional regulatory activities of C-terminal binding protein (CtBP) and the role of CtBP in the pathogenesis of breast cancer. METHODS: Microarray data of GSE36529, including three CtBP-knockdown breast cancer MCF-7 cell samples, three control knockdown samples and data of CtBP binding profile in MCF-7 cells, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened between CtBP-knockdown MCF-7 cell samples and controls...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591869/alternative-splicing-of-cnot7-diversifies-ccr4-not-functions
#7
Clément Chapat, Kamel Chettab, Pierre Simonet, Peng Wang, Pierre De La Grange, Muriel Le Romancer, Laura Corbo
The CCR4-associated factor CAF1, also called CNOT7, is a catalytic subunit of the CCR4-NOT complex, which has been implicated in all aspects of the mRNA life cycle, from mRNA synthesis in the nucleus to degradation in the cytoplasm. In human cells, alternative splicing of the CNOT7 gene yields a second CNOT7 transcript leading to the formation of a shorter protein, CNOT7 variant 2 (CNOT7v2). Biochemical characterization indicates that CNOT7v2 interacts with CCR4-NOT subunits, although it does not bind to BTG proteins...
August 21, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497612/accurate-assessment-of-alpha-gal-syndrome-using-cetuximab-and-bovine-thyroglobulin-specific-ige
#8
Da Woon Sim, Jong Sun Lee, Kyung Hee Park, Kyoung Yong Jeong, Young-Min Ye, Jae-Hyun Lee, Jung-Won Park
SCOPE: IgE against galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) causes alpha-gal syndrome. Bovine thyroglobulin (BTG) and cetuximab share this epitope. We aimed to determine the utility of specific IgE (sIgE) against cetuximab as compared to BTG for diagnosing alpha-gal syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve patients with alpha-gal syndrome, 11 patients with immediate beef or pork allergy, 18 asymptomatic individuals with meat sensitization, and 10 non-atopic subjects were enrolled...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302997/platelets-cellular-and-functional-characteristics-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Alexander Weymann, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Anton Sabashnikov, Aron-Frederik Popov, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Luis Nombela-Franco, Luca Testa, Mohammadreza Lotfaliani, Mohamed Zeriouh, Tong Liu, Hamidreza Dehghan, Senol Yavuz, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira Sá, William L Baker, Jae-Sik Jang, Mengqi Gong, Umberto Benedetto, Pascal M Dohmen, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Hugh Calkins, Gregg W Stone, Integrated Meta-Analysis Of Cardiac Surgery And Cardiology-Group Imcsc-Group
BACKGROUND This systematic review with meta-analysis aimed to determine the strength of evidence for evaluating the association of platelet cellular and functional characteristics including platelet count (PC), MPV, platelet distribution width (PDW), platelet factor 4, beta thromboglobulin (BTG), and p-selectin with the occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and consequent stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies evaluating platelet characteristics in patients with paroxysmal, persistent and permanent atrial fibrillations...
March 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193514/microrna-301a-promotes-intestinal-inflammation-and-colitis-associated-cancer-development-by-inhibiting-btg1
#10
Chong He, Tianming Yu, Yan Shi, Caiyun Ma, Wenjing Yang, Leilei Fang, Mingming Sun, Wei Wu, Fei Xiao, Feifan Guo, Minhu Chen, Hong Yang, Jiaming Qian, Yingzi Cong, Zhanju Liu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intestinal tissues from patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer have increased expression of microRNA-301a (MIR301A) compared with tissues from patients without IBD. We studied the mechanisms of MIR301A in the progression of IBD in human tissues and mice. METHODS: We isolated intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) from biopsy samples of the colon from 153 patients with different stages of IBD activity, 6 patients with colitis-associated cancer (CAC), and 35 healthy individuals (controls), enrolled in the study in Shanghai, China...
May 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183228/btg3-overexpression-suppresses-the-proliferation-and-invasion-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-cell-by-regulating-akt-gsk3%C3%AE-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#11
Qi An, Yan Zhou, Chao Han, Yubing Zhou, Feng Li, Duolu Li
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death among all the gynecological malignancies of the female genital system, and its incidence and mortality rates continue to rise. B-cell translocation gene 3 (BTG3) plays an important role in the occurrence and development of numerous cancers. However, the role of BTG3 in EOC remains poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to investigate the biological role and potential molecular mechanism of BTG3 in EOC. We found that BTG3 protein expression was significantly lower in human EOC cell lines...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981534/the-anxiolitic-effects-of-btg1640-and-btg1675a-on-ultrasonic-isolation-calls-and-locomotor-activity-of-rat-pups
#12
M Niculescu, R Cagiano, M Caprio, S Damian, E Boia, D Vermesan, M Tattoli, H Haragus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anxiolytic properties of the new isoxazoline compounds BTG1640 and BTG1675A in comparison with diazepam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the ultrasonic distress emission in both sexes of neonatal rat pups (which seems to be a sensitive indicator of the rat emotional reactivity and represents a valuable tool to screen compounds with expected anxiolytic properties) and the locomotor activity in 30-day old rat pups...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940367/the-b-cell-translocation-gene-1-cgbtg1-identified-in-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-exhibit-multiple-functions-in-immune-response
#13
Rui Liu, Qi Cheng, Xiudan Wang, Hao Chen, Weilin Wang, Huan Zhang, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
B-cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) is a member of the anti-proliferative gene family, which plays important roles in regulation of cell cycle. In the present study, a B-cell translocation gene 1 molecule homologue (designed CgBTG1) are identified and characterized in oyster Crassostrea gigas. CgBTG1 contains a conserved BTG domain with Box A and Box B motifs, and it shares high similarities with both BTG1 and BTG2 proteins in vertebrates. CgBTG1 mRNA is predominantly expressed in hemocytes, and its expression level in hemocytes is significantly up-regulated at 6 h (5...
February 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697946/estimating-cigarette-tax-avoidance-and-evasion-evidence-from-a-national-sample-of-littered-packs
#14
Dianne C Barker, Shu Wang, David Merriman, Andrew Crosby, Elissa A Resnick, Frank J Chaloupka
INTRODUCTION: A number of recent studies document the proportion of all cigarette packs that are 'contraband' using discarded packs to measure tax avoidance and evasion, which we call tax non-compliance. To date, academic studies using discarded packs focused on relatively small geographical areas such as a city or a neighbourhood. METHODS: We visited 160 communities across 38 US states in 2012 and collected data from littered cigarette packs as part of the State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Research Initiative and the Bridging the Gap Community Obesity Measures Project (BTG-COMP)...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686221/a-novel-reference-security-model-with-the-situation-based-access-policy-for-accessing-ephr-data
#15
Prosanta Gope, Ruhul Amin
Electronic Patient Health Record (EPHR) systems may facilitate a patient not only to share his/her health records securely with healthcare professional but also to control his/her health privacy, in a convenient and easy way even in case of emergency. In order to fulfill these requirements, it is greatly desirable to have the access control mechanism which can efficiently handle every circumstance without negotiating security. However, the existing access control mechanisms used in healthcare to regulate and restrict the disclosure of patient data are often bypassed in case of emergencies...
November 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672505/tissue-and-serum-samples-of-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-cancer-with-and-without-benign-background-demonstrate-different-altered-expression-of-proteins
#16
Mardiaty Iryani Abdullah, Ching Chin Lee, Sarni Mat Junit, Khoon Leong Ng, Onn Haji Hashim
BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is mainly diagnosed using fine-needle aspiration biopsy. This most common form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer occurs with or without a background of benign thyroid goiter (BTG). METHODS: In the present study, a gel-based proteomics analysis was performed to analyse the expression of proteins in tissue and serum samples of PTC patients with (PTCb; n = 6) and without a history of BTG (PTCa; n = 8) relative to patients with BTG (n = 20)...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379194/frtl-5-rat-thyroid-cells-release-thyroglobulin-sequestered-in-exosomes-a-possible-novel-mechanism-for-thyroglobulin-processing-in-the-thyroid
#17
Pavel Vlasov, Sonia Q Doi, Donald F Sellitti
Exosomes are 30-100 nm, membrane-bound vesicles containing specific cellular proteins, mRNAs, and microRNAs that take part in intercellular communication between cells. A possible role for exosomes in thyroid function has not been fully explored. In the present study, FRTL-5 rat thyroid cells were grown to confluence and received medium containing either thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), exogenous bovine thyroglobulin (bTg), or neither additive for 24 or 48 hours followed by collection of spent medium and ultracentrifugation to isolate small vesicles...
2016: Journal of Thyroid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259737/analysis-of-30-biallelic-indel-markers-using-the-investigator-dipplex-%C3%A2-kit
#18
Majid Bashir, Nur Haliza Bt Hassan
Insertion/deletion polymorphisms (INDELs) are a relatively new class of a DNA marker to be used in forensic casework; used most commonly as a supplementary method to STR-based typing. INDELs, like SNPs, are particularly useful for the analysis of highly degraded DNA as the amplicon sizes are typically below 160 bp; they can also be valuable as an additional tool to help resolve kinship cases, with the advantage over STRs that they do not have high mutation rates. INDELs have an advantage over SNPs in that they are length polymorphisms and so can be analyzed by simply measuring the length of the allele(s)...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013511/a-multicenter-randomized-placebo-controlled-study-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-varithena%C3%A2-polidocanol-endovenous-microfoam-1-for-symptomatic-visible-varicose-veins-with-saphenofemoral-junction-incompetence
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kathleen Gibson, Lowell Kabnick
Objectives A randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of polidocanol endovenous microfoam (1%, Varithena® [polidocanol injectable foam], BTG International Ltd.). Methods Patients (n = 77) with symptomatic, visible varicose veins were randomized to treatment with either Varithena 1% or placebo. Results Varithena provided greater mean changes from Baseline in patient-reported assessments of symptoms (e.g., heaviness, achiness, swelling, throbbing, itching [HASTI®] score 30...
April 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26992303/durability-of-treatment-effect-with-polidocanol-endovenous-microfoam-on-varicose-vein-symptoms-and-appearance-vanish-2
#20
Kenneth L Todd, David I Wright
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to assess the durability of response to treatment with polidocanol endovenous microfoam (Varithena; Provensis Ltd, a BTG International group company) and to assess the long-term safety of the study patients. METHODS: This report presents efficacy and safety data from the day after visit 5/week 8 (the primary end point of the study) through the 1-year study visit. As the approved dose concentration is 1%, this analysis focuses on those patients who were randomized to polidocanol endovenous microfoam 1% at study visit 2...
July 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
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