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rheumatoid arthritis

Anne-Birgitte Blavnsfeldt, Annette de Thurah, Malissa Dawn Thomsen, Simon Tarp, Bente Langdahl, Ellen-Margrethe Hauge
PURPOSE: The role of glucocorticoids in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is widely debated. Impairment of bone formation may be counter-balanced by reduced systemic inflammation. This review aims to assess the effect of prednisolone/prednisone on bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with RA analyzed in randomized, controlled trials. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search and identified randomized, double-blinded placebo-controlled studies including patients with RA and using prednisolone or prednisone as the intervention...
June 15, 2018: Bone
Sangtae Choi, Kwang-Hoon Lee
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195550.].
2018: PloS One
Henning K Zeidler
The coping with rheumatoid arthritis of the famous French impressionist painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) is described in former publications. The heavily handicapped painter has in his last years created sculptures in cooperation with the sculptor Richard Guino (1890-1973). The extraordinary genesis of the sculptures through a masterful artistic cooperation, as well as the resulting legal issues and shameful copyright infringements, is reported. Renoir's decision to create sculptures with the help of Guido can be attributed to his remarkable artistic vision, vitality, optimistic nature, and strong will and is also a further testimonial of creative coping of an artist overcoming the physical handicap due to rheumatoid arthritis of his final years, so far not described in detail in the medical literature...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
A Delaney, J Su, T Gao, N Agalave, C I Svensson
Aims Arthritis is the leading cause of chronic pain in European adults ( Arthritis-induced chronic pain is a major clinical problem that is frequently inadequately treated by current analgesics and results in significant reduction in the patient's quality of life. Outcome measures used in pain research to assess injury-induced pain-like behaviours in preclinical models are often dependent on the assessment of withdrawal reflexes, typically evoked by mechanical or thermal stimuli.Advances inpre-dictive validity may be improved by assessing the global impact of pain and the reinstatement of innate behaviours suppressed by injury...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
N M Agalave, S AbdelMoaty, P Lundback, U Andersson, H Harris, C I Svensson
Aims Increasing evidence indicates that extracellular high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1) is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and autoimmune disease. Data from our laboratory demonstrates that HMGB1 contributes to nociceptive behavior in a model of rheumatoid arthritis-induced pain. HMGB1 binds to multiple receptors, including toll like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR4 and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE). When the cysteine in position C106 is in the reduced thiol form and C23 and C45 are engaged in a disulfide bridge (disulfide HMGB1), the molecule functions as a cytokine-inducing TLR4 ligand...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Tianle Gao, Tiansheng Shi, Zsuzsanna Wiesenfeld-Hallin, Camilla I Svensson, Xiao-Jun Xu
Background and aims We have previously reported that sinomenine, an alkaloid isolated from the root of the plant Sinomenium acutum, had antinociceptive effect in rodent models of acute inflammatory or neuropathic pain. As a traditional medicine, sinomenine is used in China to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods In the present study, we evaluated the potential antinociceptive effect of sinomenine in a mouse model of RA, collagen type II antibody (CII Ab) induced arthritis (CAIA) after acute and chronic administration...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Malin C Lagerström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Nelson Roy, Kristine M Tanner, Ray M Merrill, Charisse Wright, Jenny L Pierce, Karla L Miller
OBJECTIVE: This investigation examined the prevalence, symptoms, risk factors, and quality-of-life burden of swallowing disorders in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic, progressive autoimmune inflammatory disease. METHODS: One hundred individuals with RA (84 women, 16 men; mean age = 61.1 years, SD = 13.1) were interviewed regarding the presence, nature, and impact of swallowing symptoms and disorders. Associations between swallowing disorders, medical factors, RA disease severity, and quality of life were examined...
June 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Rajesh Malhotra, Deepak Gautam, Bhavuk Garg, Anjan Trikha
We wish to present a case of 47-year-old patient with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis and ankylosis of both hips and both knees treated by bilateral hip and knee arthroplasty in a single anaesthesia i.e. Quadruple joint replacement in single sitting. He was back on his feet from his bed-ridden state within the fortnight following surgery. He has been followed up for four years and has been performing his activities of daily living independently. We discuss the preoperative planning, surgical details and post-operative rehabilitation and unique challenges pertaining to this case...
May 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Sergio Figueiredo, Ana Daniela Pereira, Marta Santos Silva, Luciana Leite, Graça Costa, Cesar Silva
Objective: Evaluation of rheumatoid hand-associated metacarpophalangeal joint silicone arthroplasty most often relies on functional scores alone. This study aimed to understand the correlation between perceived and observed function, strength, and alignment. Methods: Cross-sectional study including all 11 women (15 hands) submitted to second to fifth metacarpophalangeal joint arthroplasty due to rheumatoid arthritis involvement for a time period of seven years. Measurements relied on the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire, Lafayette Purdue Pegboard, pinch and grip strength, and analysis of a lateral "OK-sign" X-ray view...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Meha Sharma, Urmila Dhakad, Anupam Wakhlu, Danveer Bhadu, Deep Dutta, Siddharth K Das
Background and Objectives: Factors determining bone mineral (BM) loss in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are not well known. This study aimed to determine the occurrence and predictors of BM loss in the young premenopausal women with RA. Methods: Ninety-six females with RA and 90 matched controls underwent clinical, biochemical, BM density (BMD), and body composition assessments. RA disease activity was assessed using disease activity score-28 (DAS-28) and hand X-ray...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Mary Garvey
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis is a bacterial parasite and the causative agent of paratuberculosis, a disease predominately found in cattle and sheep. Infection with this microorganism results in substantial farming economic losses and animal morbidity. The link between infection with this pathogen and human disease has been theorised for many years with Crohn's disease being one of many suspected resultant conditions. Mycobacterium avium may be spread from animal to human hosts by water and foodborne transmission routes, where the foodborne route of exposure represents a significant risk for susceptible populations, namely children and the immune-compromised...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Dimitrios A Pappas, Robert A Gerber, Heather J Litman, David Gruben, Jamie Geier, Winnie D Hua, Connie Chen, Youfu Li, Joel M Kremer, John S Andrews, Jeffrey A Bourret
Background: The implementation of treat-to-target principles in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been fully investigated in patients with inadequate response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor treatment. Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of an inadequate response to initial TNF inhibitor treatment at 6 and 12 months among patients with RA in a real-world patient registry, as well as the delay in therapy adjustment and its impact on disease activity and patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures...
May 2018: American Health & Drug Benefits
Marina Babic, Chiara Romagnani
Current medicine and medical science puts great effort into elucidating the basis of chronicity and finding appropriate treatments for inflammatory diseases; however, the mechanisms driving aberrant immune responses are mostly unknown and deserve further study. Of particular interest is the identification of checkpoints that regulate the function and differentiation of pro-inflammatory cells during pathogenesis, along with means of their modulation for therapeutic purposes. Natural killer group 2, member D (NKG2D) is a potent activator of the immune system, known as a sensor for "induced-self" ligands, i...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Christopher Vannabouathong, Gina Del Fabbro, Brendan Sales, Christopher Smith, Chuan Silvia Li, Darryl Yardley, Mohit Bhandari, Bradley A Petrisor
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular (IA) injections are commonly used to treat knee arthritis pain; however, whether their efficacy generalizes to ankle arthritis remains debatable. We aimed to evaluate the evidence for IA therapies in the management of this patient population. METHODS: We performed a literature search for observational and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Treatments included corticosteroids (CS), hyaluronic acid (HA), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)...
June 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Simon Bousseau, Luisa Vergori, Raffaella Soleti, Guy Lenaers, M Carmen Martinez, Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina
Angiogenesis is a complex process describing the growth of new blood vessels from existing vasculature, and is triggered by local pro-angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which increase the metabolism of endothelial cells (ECs). Angiogenesis takes part in various physiological conditions such as embryogenesis, placental growth, and in pathological conditions such as tumor growth, diabetic retinopathy, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ischemic diseases. Current therapies against excessive angiogenesis target vascular growth signaling...
June 14, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Cintia Scucuglia Heluany, Leonard de Vinci Kanda Kupa, Mariana Nascimento Viana, Cristina Maria Fernandes, Sandra Helena Poliselli Farsky
The genesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is complex and dependent on genetic background and exposure to environmental xenobiotic. Indeed, smoking is associated to developing and worsening pre-existing RA. Nevertheless, the mechanisms and cigarette compounds involved in the harmful processes have not been elucidated. Here, we investigated if the exposure to hydroquinone (HQ), an abundant pro-oxidative compound of cigarette and benzene metabolite, could worsen the ongoing RA. Hence, collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was induced in male Wistar rats by s...
June 14, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Yun Liu, I Sophie T Bos, Tjitske A Oenema, Herman Meurs, Harm Maarsingh, Anna K H Hirsch
Budesonide is a hydrophobic glucocorticoid with high anti-inflammatory activity for the treatment of asthma, inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. A micellar drug-delivery system based on lipid-DNA may provide a strategy to maximize its drug efficacy and reduce adverse effects. In this work, we report the use of lipid-DNA (UU11mer), featuring two hydrophobic alkyl chains and forming micelles at a comparatively low critical micelle concentration, to render budesonide water-soluble with a high loading capacity (LC)...
June 14, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Hari Madhuri Doss, Snigdha Samarpita, Ramamoorthi Ganesan, Mahaboobkhan Rasool
AIMS: Bone erosion induced by enhanced osteoclast formation is a debilitating pathological phenomenon in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Recent finding has revealed that ferulic acid is associated with reduced osteoclast differentiation and bone erosion. However, the underlying mechanism through which ferulic acid inhibited osteoclast differentiation and bone erosion still remains to be elucidated. This study assessed the therapeutic effects of ferulic acid on osteoclast differentiation and bone erosion by targeting RANKL dependent NF-κB pathway...
June 14, 2018: Life Sciences
Takako Suzuki, Yukio Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kato
OBJECTIVES: This study included 51 osteoporosis patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who were treated with anti-resorption drug, denosumab. To date, there has been no report on the changes of bone-related minerals after anti-resorption drug therapy. METHODS: Fifty one osteoporotic patients with RA were retrospectively enrolled. Serum Zinc (Zn), Magnesium (Mg), Iron (Fe), and Copper (Cu) were examined at 1 week, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 months. Lumbar spine (L1-4) bone mineral density (L-BMD), and bilateral total hip BMD (H-BMD) were examined before and at 6 and 12 months after treatment commencement...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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