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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437887/influence-of-sinomenine-upon-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-osteoclastogenesis
#1
Biao Zhou, Xiaolong Lu, Zhi Tang, Dan Liu, Youliang Zhou, Peng Zeng, Hui Xiong
With the advent of aging, the morbidity rates of such diseases as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoporosis has witnessed a significant increase. As a common rattan drug, sinomenine (SIN) has been widely applied for the treatment of various arthritic diseases in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinics. Given that SIN has been reported to inhibit the expression of Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in several types of cells, in this study, the influence of SIN treatment on PGE2 expression in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), thereby changing the osteoprotegerin (OPG) receptor/activator for the nuclear factor-κ B ligand (RANKL) ratio, was investigated...
April 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437846/pain-sensitization-is-associated-with-disease-activity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Yvonne C Lee, Clifton O Bingham, Robert R Edwards, Wendy Marder, Phillips Kristine, Marcy B Bolster, Daniel J Clauw, Larry W Moreland, Bing Lu, Alyssa Wohlfahrt, Zhi Zhang, Tuhina Neogi
OBJECTIVE: Pain sensitization may contribute to pain severity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), impacting assessment of disease activity. We examined whether pain processing mechanisms were associated with disease activity among RA patients with active disease. METHODS: This study includes 139 subjects enrolled in the Central Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis cohort. Subjects underwent quantitative sensory testing (QST), including assessment of pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) at multiple sites, conditioned pain modulation, and temporal summation...
April 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437600/how-are-behavioral-theories-used-in-interventions-to-promote-physical-activity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#3
Ingrid Demmelmaier, Maura D Iversen
OBJECTIVES: To identify the use of behavioral theories (BTs) in physical activity (PA) interventions in populations with RA. METHODS: This review includes articles published in English between 01-01-1980 and 08-12-2015 in MEDLINE, Cochrane and CINAHL identified by a strategic literature search. Included studies were: published in international peer-reviewed journals; mentioned "theory", evaluated a PA intervention for adults with RA; and had ≥ 1 PA variable as the outcome...
April 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437514/a-retrospective-study-on-possible-predictive-factors-for-long-term-temporomandibular-joint-degeneration-and-impaired-mobility-in-juvenile-arthritis-patients
#4
Stanimira I Kalaykova, Adriaan T Klitsie, Corine M Visscher, Machiel Naeije, Frank Lobbezoo
AIMS: To determine possible predictive factors for long-term temporomandibular joint (TMJ) degeneration and dysfunction in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients. METHODS: A total of 94 patients (77% female) who had received a JIA diagnosis in an outpatient rheumatology clinic from 1993 to 1994 at a mean ± standard deviation age of 8.3 ± 4.53 years were included in the study. At inclusion, TMJ status regarding condylar degeneration was assessed orthopantomographically and given a Rohlin and Petersson score of 0 or ≥ 1...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437445/knowledge-and-perception-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Sunjoo Boo, Hyunjin Oh, Erika S Froelicher, Chang-Hee Suh
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The prerequisites for reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease are adequate levels of knowledge and being aware of the risk. In this study, the levels of knowledge about cardiovascular disease among patients with rheumatoid arthritis and the perception were evaluated in relation to their actual 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study of 200 patients with rheumatoid arthritis was conducted in a university-affiliated hospital in South Korea...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437346/correlations-between-sagittal-spinal-balance-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Hong Seok Lee, Jung Sub Lee, Jong Ki Shin, Tae Sik Goh
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To identify relationships between spinopelvic parameters and health-related quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Little data are available on relationships between sagittal spinopelvic parameters and health-related quality of life in RA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study and control groups comprised 120 RA patients and 60 controls. All subjects underwent anteroposterior and lateral radiography of the whole spine, including hip joints, and all completed clinical questionnaires...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#7
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436448/elevated-circulating-levels-of-the-interferon-%C3%AE-induced-chemokines-are-associated-with-disease-activity-and-cutaneous-manifestations-in-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#8
Jae Ho Han, Chang-Hee Suh, Ju-Yang Jung, Mi-Hyun Ahn, Mi Hwa Han, Ji Eun Kwon, Hyunee Yim, Hyoun-Ah Kim
C-X-C motif chemokine 9 (CXCL9), CXCL10, and CXCL11 are produced in response to interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and trigger inflammation with the accumulation of activated lymphocytes. It appears that these chemokines could play a role in the pathogenesis of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). Therefore, we investigated the associations between the levels of these chemokine and clinical manifestations in patients with active AOSD. Serum levels of IFN-γ, CXCL9, CXCL10 and CXCL11 were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435338/recommendations-for-optimizing-methotrexate-treatment-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
REVIEW
Alfonso E Bello, Elizabeth L Perkins, Randy Jay, Petros Efthimiou
Methotrexate (MTX) remains the cornerstone therapy for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with well-established safety and efficacy profiles and support in international guidelines. Clinical and radiologic results indicate benefits of MTX monotherapy and combination with other agents, yet patients may not receive optimal dosing, duration, or route of administration to maximize their response to this drug. This review highlights best practices for MTX use in RA patients. First, to improve the response to oral MTX, a high initial dose should be administered followed by rapid titration...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435230/persistence-with-golimumab-in-immune-mediated-rheumatic-diseases-a-systematic-review-of-real-world-evidence-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-axial-spondyloarthritis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#10
REVIEW
Axel Svedbom, Chiara Storck, Sumesh Kachroo, Marinella Govoni, Ahmed Khalifa
PURPOSE: In immune-mediated rheumatic diseases (IMRDs), persistence to treatment may be used as a surrogate marker for long-term treatment success. In previous comparisons of persistence to tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFis), a paucity of data for subcutaneous (SC) golimumab was identified. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of persistence to SC golimumab in clinical practice and contextualize these data with five-year persistence estimates from long-term open-label extension (OLE) trials of SC TNFis in IMRDs...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434476/a-qualitative-approach-exploring-the-acceptability-of-yoga-for-minorities-living-with-arthritis-where-are-the-people-who-look-like-me
#11
Kimberly R Middleton, Miriam Magaña López, Steffany Haaz Moonaz, Gladys Tataw-Ayuketah, Michael M Ward, Gwenyth R Wallen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acceptability of yoga research tailored to recruit and retain a minority population (both English and Spanish speaking) with arthritis. Yoga research for arthritis often underrepresents minorities and acceptability for this population has not previously been investigated. DESIGN: Acceptability was evaluated using retention, adherence, journals, and semi-structured exit interviews from twelve participants with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis undergoing an 8-week yoga intervention...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433815/patterns-and-predictors-of-persistent-opioid-use-following-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Seoyoung C Kim, Niteesh Choudhry, Jessica M Franklin, Katsiaryna Bykov, Matthias Eikermann, Joyce Lii, Michael A Fischer, Brian T Bateman
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between arthroplasty and long-term opioid use in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis is not well studied. We examined the prevalence, patterns and predictors of persistent opioid use after hip or knee arthroplasty. METHOD: Using claims data (2004-2013) from a U.S. commercial health plan, we identified adults who underwent hip or knee arthroplasty and filled ≥1 opioid prescription within 30 days after the surgery. We defined persistent opioid users as patients who filled ≥1 opioid prescription every month during the 1-year postoperative period based on group-based trajectory models...
April 19, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432580/corneal-melting-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-treated-with-a-tectonic-reinforcing-corneolimbal-graft-an-interventional-case-series
#13
Eitan Livny, Michael Mimouni, Irit Bahar, Yair Molad, Assaf Gershoni, Israel Kremer
PURPOSE: Corneal melting with perforation is a severe ophthalmic complication of autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. It requires urgent medical management in order to maintain the integrity of the globe and preserve vision. Treating this complication by penetrating keratoplasty is problematic due to the high rate of recurrence of corneal melting as well as other complications. We describe the use of a tectonic fresh-tissue corneolimbal covering graft. METHODS: An interventional case series including three patients that presented to our tertiary center between 2000 and 2015 with corneal melting and perforation, secondary to rheumatoid arthritis...
April 21, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431796/lessons-learned-from-twins-in-autoimmune-and-chronic-inflammatory-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Elena Generali, Angela Ceribelli, Maria Antonietta Stazi, Carlo Selmi
Autoimmunity and chronic inflammation recognize numerous shared factors and, as a result, the resulting diseases frequently coexist in the same patients or respond to the same treatments. Among the convenient truths of autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases, there is now agreement that these are complex conditions in which the individual genetic predisposition provides a rate of heritability. The concordance rates in monozygotic and dizygotic twins allows to estimate the weight of the environment in determining disease susceptibility, despite recent data supporting that only a minority of immune markers depend on hereditary factors...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431492/anti-drug-antibodies-in-colombian-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-treated-with-enbrel-vs-etanar-preliminary-report
#15
Benjamín Reyes-Beltrán, Gabriela Delgado
The present study was undertaken to detect antibodies against etanercept (ETN) in a group of Colombian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and being treated with Enbrel(®) vs. Etanar(®). From these patients with RA, clinical and laboratory data were collected and serum taken for anti-drug antibody (ADAb) analysis. Samples from 32 patients (16 who had been treated with Enbrel(®) and 16 with Etanar(®)) were analyzed. Positive sera for ADAb were found in six of the 32 subjects (18.7%); five (31.2%) in the Enbrel(®) group and one (6...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431485/efficacy-of-golimumab-in-belgian-patients-with-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-despite-treatment-with-non-biologic-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-sub-analysis-of-the-go-more-study
#16
Patrick Durez, Marie Vanthuyne, Muhammad S Soyfoo, Ilse Hoffman, Michel Malaise, Piet Geusens
OBJECTIVES: The GO-MORE trial (NCT00975130) was a phase 3 study in 40 countries evaluating the efficacy and safety of golimumab as add-on therapy in biologic-naïve adults with active rheumatoid arthritis despite stable treatment with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. To inform local practice in Belgium and examine the role of baseline disease activity in treatment response, we compared the efficacy of golimumab in the Belgian subpopulation and the rest of the world. METHODS: Baseline disease activity and six-month efficacy rates in the GO-MORE trial were compared for the Belgian subpopulation and the rest of the world by t-tests and chi-squared tests...
April 21, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431141/grade-and-location-of-power-doppler-are-predictive-of-damage-progression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-in-clinical-remission-by-anti-tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE
#17
Bernd Raffeiner, Enrico Grisan, Costantino Botsios, Roberto Stramare, Gaia Rizzo, Livio Bernardi, Leonardo Punzi, Francesca Ometto, Andrea Doria
Objectives.: To investigate power Doppler (PD) signal, grade and location and their association with radiographic progression in RA patients in remission. Methods: . A prospective observational study was conducted in 125 consecutive RA patients in stable 28-joint DAS (DAS28) remission (⩾6 months) achieved on anti-TNF-α. At baseline, patients in stable remission underwent radiographic and US examination of the wrists and MCP, PIP and MTP joints. Semi-quantitative PD scoring (0-3) was recorded...
April 20, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431044/leonurine-attenuates-fibroblast-like-synoviocyte-mediated-synovial-inflammation-and-joint-destruction-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Nan Li, Qiang Xu, Qingping Liu, Dongmei Pan, Yubao Jiang, Minying Liu, Mingling Liu, Hanshi Xu, Changsong Lin
Objective.: To explore the role of leonurine in the regulation of synovial inflammation and joint destruction inRA. Methods.: Fibroblast-like synoviocytes were isolated from synovial tissue from RA patients. Pro-inflammatory cytokine and MMP expression was evaluated using real-time PCR and a cytometric bead array. Cell migration and invasion in vitro were measured using the Boyden chamber method and the scratch assay, respectively. Protein expression was measured by western blotting...
April 18, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430763/protective-effect-of-pinitol-against-inflammatory-mediators-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-via-inhibition-of-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-non-receptor-type-22-ptpn22
#19
Kewen Zheng, Zhixuan Zhao, Na Lin, Yiyan Wu, Ying Xu, Wanli Zhang
BACKGROUND The aim of the current study was to explore the anti-arthritic effect of pinitol via assessing its effect on various inflammatory mediators and its possible mechanism of action. MATERIAL AND METHODS We assessed the anti-arthritic effect of pinitol in a formaldehyde- and CFA-induced arthritic model in Wistar Swiss albino strain rats divided into 6 groups. The rats received different doses of pinitol and indomethacin for 28 days. The arthritic index and body weight were determined at regular intervals, together with hepatic, hematological, and antioxidant parameters...
April 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429194/photobiomodulation-therapy-associated-with-treadmill-training-in-the-oxidative-stress-in-a-collagen-induced-arthritis-model
#20
Solange Almeida Dos Santos, Marcia Ataize Dos Santos Vieira, Maira Cécilia Brandão Simões, Andrey Jorge Serra, Ernesto Cesar Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by chronic and systemic inflammation, which leads to the destruction of the cartilage and bone and affects tissues in multiple joints. Oxidative stress has been implicated with regards to involvement in various disease conditions, such as diabetes mellitus and neurodegenerative, respiratory, cardiovascular, and RA diseases. In vivo experimental studies using photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) have shown positive effects in reducing lipid peroxidation and in increasing antioxidant activity...
April 21, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
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