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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720097/-as-du-coeur-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-physical-activity-maintenance-in-cardiovascular-patients
#1
Marion Fournier, Rémi Radel, Laurent Bailly, Christian Pradier, Roxane Fabre, Alain Fuch, Philippe Mossé, Jean-Jacques Domerego, Jocelyn Gal, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville
BACKGROUND: The benefits of supervised physical activity programs in cardiac rehabilitation have been amply demonstrated, but the quantity of physical activity often declines quickly once supervision ends. This trial assesses the effectiveness of an experimental intervention drawing on habit formation theory to maintain physical activity. METHODS: Cardiovascular patients (N = 47) were randomly assigned to one of two groups. The first group participated in two supervised physical activity (SPA) sessions per week for 20 weeks...
May 2, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715045/corrigendum
#2
(no author information available yet)
Nwachukwu BU, So C, Schairer WW, Shubin Stein BE, Strickland SM, Green DW, Dodwell ER. Economic decision model for first-time traumatic patellar dislocations in adolescents. Am J Sports Med. 2017;45(10):2267-2275. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0363546517703347) In the above article, the fourth author's last name was misspelled as Shubin-Stein. It should have appeared as Shubin Stein.
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715044/corrigendum
#3
(no author information available yet)
Berruto M, Delcogliano M, de Caro F, et al. Treatment of large knee osteochondral lesions with a biomimetic scaffold: results of a multicenter study of 49 patients at 2-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med. 2014;42(7):1607-1617. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0363546514530292) The first two authors are equal contributors to this article. The following footnote should have been included: M.B. and M.D. contributed equally to this article as first authors.
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593182/high-defect-stage-contralateral-defects-and-poor-flexibility-are-negative-predictive-factors-of-bone-union-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes-with-spondylolysis
#4
Kazufumi Yamazaki, Shintaro Kota, Daisuke Oikawa, Yoshiji Suzuki
PURPOSE: To identify predisposition to spondylolysis and physical characteristics associated with "bone union" following conservative spondylolysis treatment among pediatric and adolescent athletes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed pediatric and adolescent athletes with spondylolysis who underwent conservative treatment and rehabilitation for three or more consecutive months following sports activity cessation. Patients with terminal spondylolysis or who did not discontinue sports activities were excluded...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548713/cycling-and-female-sexual-and-urinary-function-results-from-a-large-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#5
Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Gregory P Murphy, Ian Metzler, Thomas Sanford, Michael L Eisenberg, Siobhan Sutcliffe, E Charles Osterberg, Benjamin N Breyer
BACKGROUND: Bicycle riding has become an increasingly popular mode of transportation and exercise, especially among women, and previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between cycling and sexual dysfunction, albeit using non-validated questionnaires. AIM: We aimed to explore the relationship between cycling and sexual and urinary dysfunction. METHODS: Cyclists were recruited to complete a survey through Facebook advertisements and outreach to sporting clubs across 5 English-speaking countries...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424279/commentary-on-the-assessment-and-interpretation-of-pediatric-aerobic-fitness-the-year-that-was-2017
#6
Neil Armstrong
Three papers, which between them contribute to the current debate on the assessment and interpretation of pediatric aerobic fitness, were selected for commentary. The first paper (Children. 2017; 4:6; doi: 10.3390/children4010006 ) highlights the merits of clinical exercise testing and advocates the advancement of pediatric exercise testing through a rationale founded on demonstrated prognostic value of data obtained. It notes the lack of well-accepted definitions of exercise outcome variables in children and promotes the case for data harmonization across laboratories...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406788/defining-the-term-overuse-an-evidence-based-review-of-sports-epidemiology-literature
#7
Elizabeth R Neil, Zachary K Winkelmann, Jessica R Edler
Reference/Citation:  Roos KG, Marshall SW. Definition and usage of the term "overuse injury" in the US high school and collegiate sport epidemiology literature: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2014;44(3):405-421. CLINICAL QUESTION:   What is the current context of the term overuse in the epidemiologic sports injury literature? DATA SOURCES:   The authors performed a database search of PubMed and SPORTDiscus. The Boolean phrases athletics AND injury and overuse OR epidemiology were searched...
March 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224176/validation-of-a-method-for-estimating-energy-expenditure-during-walking-in-middle-aged-adults
#8
Nathan Caron, Teddy Caderby, Nicolas Peyrot, Chantal Verkindt, Georges Dalleau
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the validity of a method using an inertial measurement unit for estimating activity-related energy expenditure (AEE) during walking in middle-aged adults. METHODS: Twenty healthy middle-aged participants completed different treadmill walking trials with an inertial measurement unit adhered to their lower back. Gas exchange was monitored with indirect calorimetry. Mechanical data were used to estimate AEE from an algorithm developed by Bouten et al...
February 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140127/proprioceptive-training-for-the-prevention-of-ankle-sprains-an-evidence-based-review
#9
Matthew J Rivera, Zachary K Winkelmann, Cameron J Powden, Kenneth E Games
Reference:  Schiftan GS, Ross LA, Hahne AJ. The effectiveness of proprioceptive training in preventing ankle sprains in sporting populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport. 2015;18(3):238-244. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Does the use of proprioceptive training as a sole intervention decrease the incidence of initial or recurrent ankle sprains in the athletic population? DATA SOURCES:   The authors completed a comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) from inception to October 2013...
November 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116831/clinician-friendly-physical-performance-tests-for-the-knee
#10
Jerrod J Harrison, Marissa K Yorgey, Alexander J Csiernik, Joseph H Vogler, Kenneth E Games
Reference:  Hegedus EJ, McDonough S, Bleakley C, Cook CE, Baxter GD. Clinician-friendly lower extremity physical performance measures in athletes: a systematic review of measurement properties and correlation with injury. Part 1: the tests for knee function including the hop tests. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(10):642-648. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Do individual physical performance tests (PPTs) used as measures for lower extremity function have any relationship to injuries in athletes aged 12 years or older? DATA SOURCES:   Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used to locate articles...
November 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046177/incidents-and-injuries-in-foot-launched-flying-extreme-sports
#11
Francesco Feletti, Andrea Aliverti, Maggie Henjum, Marco Tarabini, Eric Brymer
BACKGROUND: Participation rates in extreme sports have grown exponentially in the last 40 yr, often surpassing traditional sporting activities. The purpose of this study was to examine injury rates in foot-launched flying sports, i.e., sports in which a pilot foot-launches into flight with a wing already deployed. METHODS: This paper is based on a retrospective analysis of the reports of incidents that occurred between 2000 and 2014 among the British Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association members...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035404/-biological-significance-of-chromium-iii-for-the-human-organism
#12
REVIEW
Anna Piotrowska, Wanda Pilch, Łukasz Tota, Gabriel Nowak
Currently, chromium is probably the most controversial transition metal. In recent publications it is clearly stated that it is not an essential micronutrient and should be considered to have a pharmacological effect. Conflicting scientific reports along with a huge amount of dietary supplements, as well as dietary and sports nutrients available on the market have prompted the authors to investigate the available information on the range of possible application, efficacy and safety of products containing salts or chelates of chromium III...
March 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035401/skydiving-and-the-risk-of-cervical-disc-herniation
#13
Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demiral, Banu Dilek, Nur Şafak Alici, Cem Bediz, Arif Çimrin
The skydiving/parachuting sport which has recently gained popularity is also known for its accidents and injuries. However, there are a few studies related to its occupational ergonomic risks and occupational musculoskeletal diseases. It has been reported that the sudden hyperextension of the neck during the parachute opening, so called opening shock results in neck pain. It has been found that the jumpers are subjected to an average deceleration of 3-5 times the earth's gravitational acceleration (3-5 G) during parachute opening shock...
January 7, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987451/smoking-prevention-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-individualized-interventions
#14
REVIEW
Lindsay R Duncan, Erin S Pearson, Ralph Maddison
OBJECTIVE: This study systematically reviewed the literature to determine what type of cognitive-behavioral based interventions administered outside of formal school settings effectively prevent smoking initiation among children and adolescents. METHODS: Applying the PRISMA guidelines we searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINHAL, Pub Med, SCOPUS, and Sport Discus. Article review, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias were conducted by two independent reviewers...
September 21, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975497/exercise-frequency-and-fracture-risk-in-older-adults-how-often-is-enough
#15
REVIEW
Wolfgang Kemmler, Simon von Stengel, Matthias Kohl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Due to older people's low sports participation rates, exercise frequency may be the most critical component for designing exercise protocols that address fracture risk. The aims of the present article were to review and summarize the independent effect of exercise frequency (ExFreq) on the main determinants of fracture prevention, i.e., bone strength, fall frequency, and fall impact in older adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence collected last year suggests that there is a critical dose of ExFreq that just affects bone (i...
December 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704877/safety-concerns-regarding-article-reliability-and-validity-of-a-self-paced-cardiopulmonary-exercise-test-in-post-mi-patients-l-a-jenkins-a-mauger-j-fisher-j-hopker-int-j-sports-med-2017-38-300-306
#16
S E Selig, G A V Borg, W Runciman, A La Gerche, K Davison, J Coquart, R G Eston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599111/corrigendum
#17
(no author information available yet)
Krosshaug T, Steffen K, Kristianslund E, et al. The vertical drop jump is a poor screening test for ACL injuries in female elite soccer and handball players: a prospective cohort study of 710 athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44(4):874-883. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0363546515625048).
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417835/objective-vs-subjective-evaluation-of-cognitive-performance-during-0-4-mpa-dives-breathing-air-or-nitrox
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Peter Germonpré, Costantino Balestra, Walter Hemelryck, Peter Buzzacott, Pierre Lafère
BACKGROUND: Divers try to limit risks associated with their sport, for instance by breathing enriched air nitrox (EANx) instead of air. This double blinded, randomized trial was designed to see if the use of EANx could effectively improve cognitive performance while diving. METHODS: Eight volunteers performed two no-decompression dry dives breathing air or EANx for 20 min at 0.4 MPa. Cognitive functions were assessed with a computerized test battery, including MathProc and Ptrail...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392338/cannabis-exercise-performance-and-sport-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Michael C Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence relating to the effect of cannabis on exercise performance. DESIGN: A systematic review of published literature METHODS: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the principal psychoactive component of cannabis. A search was conducted using PUB med, Medline and Embase searching for cannabis, marijuana, cannabinoids and THC, in sport and exercise; the contents of sports medicine journals for the last 10 years; as well as cross references from journals and a personal collection of reprints...
September 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373621/sudden-cardiac-death-during-first-time-jogging
#20
Hiromitsu Kurata, Akiko Ishigami, Itsuo Tokunaga, Yasushi Nagasaki, Akiyoshi Nishimura
With increased interest in fitness and health care, jogging has become more popular as an exercise to promote health. However, sudden cardiac death during sports or exercise has also been reported. Some apparently healthy elderly individuals take up sports for both recreation and health improvement based only on completion of a questionnaire, without undergoing medical evaluation. We report the case of a 66-year-old Japanese man who suddenly died of acute ischemic heart disease during first-time jogging. He collapsed an hour after starting...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
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