keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Scope

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933711/using-a-co-production-prioritization-exercise-involving-south-asian-children-young-people-and-their-families-to-identify-health-priorities-requiring-further-research-and-public-awareness
#1
Logan Manikam, Rakhee Shah, Kate Reed, Gupreet Santini, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVES: To facilitate South Asian (SA) families and health-care professionals (HCPs) participation in a prioritization exercise to co-produce child health research and public awareness agendas. DESIGN: A three-stage process was adopted involving the following: (i) systematic literature review, (ii) HCP scoping survey and (iii) focus groups of SA adolescents and families. A Punjabi- and Urdu-speaking community facilitator moderated focus groups. A British Sign Language interpreter assisted in the hard of hearing group...
December 8, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933159/functional-brain-alterations-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Tone Seim Fuglset, Nils Inge Landrø, Deborah Lynn Reas, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Neuroimaging allows for the identification of brain abnormalities and alterations that are associated with anorexia nervosa (AN). We performed a scoping review to map out the extent and nature of recent research activity on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in individuals diagnosed with, or recovered from, AN (AN-REC). MAIN TEXT: A literature search of PubMed, Psychinfo and Embase was conducted using the search terms "anorexia nervosa" AND "functional magnetic resonance imaging...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932601/school-nurse-workload-a-scoping-review-of-acute-care-community-health-and-mental-health-nursing-workload-literature
#3
Patricia Endsley
The purpose of this scoping review was to survey the most recent (5 years) acute care, community health, and mental health nursing workload literature to understand themes and research avenues that may be applicable to school nursing workload research. The search for empirical and nonempirical literature was conducted using search engines such as Google Scholar, PubMed, CINAHL, and Medline. Twenty-nine empirical studies and nine nonempirical articles were selected for inclusion. Themes that emerged consistent with school nurse practice include patient classification systems, environmental factors, assistive personnel, missed nursing care, and nurse satisfaction...
December 8, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932341/older-patient-considering-treatment-for-advanced-renal-disease-protocol-for-a-scoping-review-of-the-information-available-for-shared-decision-making
#4
Rajesh Raj, Kiran D K Ahuja, Mai Frandsen, Matthew Jose
INTRODUCTION: Older adults constitute the largest group of patients on dialysis in most parts of the world. Management of advanced renal disease in the older adult is complex; treatment outcomes and prognosis can be markedly different from younger patients. Clinical teams caring for such patients are often called on to provide information regarding prognosis and outcomes with treatment-particularly, the comparison between having dialysis treatment versus not having dialysis. These discussions can be difficult for clinicians because they have to contend with incomplete or nascent data regarding prognosis and outcomes in this age group...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932337/development-of-a-critical-appraisal-tool-to-assess-the-quality-of-cross-sectional-studies-axis
#5
Martin J Downes, Marnie L Brennan, Hywel C Williams, Rachel S Dean
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a critical appraisal (CA) tool that addressed study design and reporting quality as well as the risk of bias in cross-sectional studies (CSSs). In addition, the aim was to produce a help document to guide the non-expert user through the tool. DESIGN: An initial scoping review of the published literature and key epidemiological texts was undertaken prior to the formation of a Delphi panel to establish key components for a CA tool for CSSs...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932018/the-determinants-of-essential-newborn-care-for-home-births-in-bangladesh
#6
T Akter, A Dawson, D Sibbritt
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of sociodemographic, antenatal and delivery care factors with the essential newborn care (ENC) practices of neonates born at home in Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: This study analyzed data of a cross-sectional survey-the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, 2011. METHODS: This analysis considered 3190 most recent live-born infants who were delivered at home within three years of the survey. Logistic regression models were used to identify the factors affecting the implementation of six ENC practices, namely using disinfected instruments to cut the umbilical cord, avoidance of application of any substances to the umbilical cord stump, immediate drying and wrapping of newborns, delayed bathing of newborns, and immediate initiation of breastfeeding...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931050/improved-detection-of-right-colon-adenomas-with-additional-retroflexion-following-two-forward-view-examinations-a-prospective-study
#7
Hyun Seok Lee, Seong Woo Jeon, Hye Yoon Park, Seong Jae Yeo
Background and study aims Colonoscopy in the right colon is less effective than in the left colon in screening for colorectal cancer. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic value of retroflexion in the right colon. Patients and methods A total of 1020 patients undergoing screening or surveillance colonoscopy were enrolled. After the first cecal intubation, the scope was withdrawn from the cecum to the hepatic flexure in the standard forward view and all identified polyps were resected...
December 8, 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930915/anatomical-dysconnectivity-in-bipolar-disorder-compared-with-schizophrenia-a-selective-review-of-structural-network-analyses-using-diffusion-mri
#8
REVIEW
Stefani O'Donoghue, Laurena Holleran, Dara M Cannon, Colm McDonald
BACKGROUND: The dysconnectivity hypothesis suggests that psychotic illnesses arise not from regionally specific focal pathophysiology, but rather from impaired neuroanatomical integration across networks of brain regions. Decreased white matter organization has been hypothesized to be a feature of psychotic illnesses in general, which is supported by meta-analyses of DTI studies in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Although many diffusion MRI studies investigate bipolar disorder and schizophrenia alone, relatively few studies directly compare structural features in these psychotic illnesses...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930662/methods-for-developing-evidence-reviews-in-short-periods-of-time-a-scoping-review
#9
Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Maya Jeyaraman, Abdelhamid Attia, Hesham G Al-Inany, Mauricio Ferri, Mohammed T Ansari, Chantelle M Garritty, Kenneth Bond, Susan L Norris
INTRODUCTION: Rapid reviews (RR), using abbreviated systematic review (SR) methods, are becoming more popular among decision-makers. This World Health Organization commissioned study sought to summarize RR methods, identify differences, and highlight potential biases between RR and SR. METHODS: Review of RR methods (Key Question 1 [KQ1]), meta-epidemiologic studies comparing reliability/ validity of RR and SR methods (KQ2), and their potential associated biases (KQ3)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929677/assessing-researcher-needs-for-a-virtual-biobank
#10
Jenna van Draanen, Pamela Davidson, Helene Bour-Jordan, LeeAnna Bowman-Carpio, David Boyle, Steve Dubinett, Brian Gardner, Jachael Gardner, Courtney McFall, Dan Mercola, Terry Nakazono, Stephanie Soares, Hubert Stoppler, Margaret Tempero, Scott Vandenberg, Yu-Jui Yvonne Wan, Sarah Dry
INTRODUCTION: Biosamples and associated clinical data accelerate translational and clinical research discoveries. A lack of high quality biosamples both stalls projects and limits research advances. In this study, we targeted a wide audience of University of California (UC) biobanking stakeholders who were either involved with the collection or the utilization of biosamples to assess the scope of their biobanking activities and their interest in virtual biobanking or cooperating in the formation of the UC-wide biorepository...
December 8, 2016: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929522/merging-allylic-c-h-bond-activation-and-c-c-bond-cleavage-en-route-to-the-formation-of-a-quaternary-carbon-stereocenter-in-acyclic-systems
#11
Alexandre Vasseur, Ilan Marek
This protocol describes a diastereoselective approach for the synthesis of complex molecular architectures containing two stereogenic centers in a 1,4 relationship, one of which being an all-carbon quaternary stereogenic center. Such molecules could be intermediates in the synthesis of steroids, for example. Conceived as a single-flask synthetic sequence from ω-ene cyclopropanes, the protocol involves a concerted allylic C-H and C-C bond activation promoted by the Negishi reagent (Cp2Zr(η(2)-butene)). This zirconium-promenade-based procedure affords bifunctionalized products in high diastereomeric ratios after reaction of ω-ene cyclopropanes with the Negishi complex, followed by a thermal treatment and sequential addition of two different electrophiles...
January 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929247/initial-management-of-patients-with-hiv-infection
#12
Ronald H Goldschmidt, Carolyn Chu, Betty J Dong
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a treatable chronic disease with near-normal life expectancy when patients receive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Family physicians and other primary care clinicians commonly provide long-term comprehensive care for persons with HIV infection. This article describes the scope of initial care, including obtaining a thorough history; physical examination for HIV-associated manifestations; attention to HIV-specific immunization schedules; routine and HIV-specific laboratory evaluation; and ensuring standard health care maintenance to prevent HIV- and non-HIV-related morbidity and mortality...
November 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929124/novel-design-of-iridium-phosphors-with-pyridinylphosphinate-ligands-for-high-efficiency-blue-organic-light-emitting-diodes
#13
Zheng-Guang Wu, Yi-Ming Jing, Guang-Zhao Lu, Jie Zhou, You-Xuan Zheng, Liang Zhou, Yi Wang, Yi Pan
Due to the high quantum efficiency and wide scope of emission colors, iridium (Ir) (III) complexes have been widely applied as guest materials for OLEDs (organic light-emitting diodes). Contrary to well-developed Ir(III)-based red and green phosphorescent complexes, the efficient blue emitters are rare reported. Like the development of the LED, the absence of efficient and stable blue materials hinders the widely practical application of the OLEDs. Inspired by this, we designed two novel ancillary ligands of phenyl(pyridin-2-yl)phosphinate (ppp) and dipyridinylphosphinate (dpp) for efficient blue phosphorescent iridium complexes (dfppy)2Ir(ppp) and (dfppy)2Ir(dpp) (dfppy = 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)pyridine) with good electron transport property...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929063/a-large-carnivorous-mammal-from-the-late-cretaceous-and-the-north-american-origin-of-marsupials
#14
Gregory P Wilson, Eric G Ekdale, John W Hoganson, Jonathan J Calede, Abby Vander Linden
Marsupial mammal relatives (stem metatherians) from the Mesozoic Era (252-66 million years ago) are mostly known from isolated teeth and fragmentary jaws. Here we report on the first near-complete skull remains of a North American Late Cretaceous metatherian, the stagodontid Didelphodon vorax. Our phylogenetic analysis indicates that marsupials or their closest relatives evolved in North America, as part of a Late Cretaceous diversification of metatherians, and later dispersed to South America. In addition to being the largest known Mesozoic therian mammal (node-based clade of eutherians and metatherians), Didelphodon vorax has a high estimated bite force and other craniomandibular and dental features that suggest it is the earliest known therian to invade a durophagous predator-scavenger niche...
December 8, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928857/further-examination-of-predictors-of-turnover-intention-among-mental-health-professionals
#15
N J Yanchus, D Periard, K Osatuke
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: When mental health professionals leave organizations, detrimental effects on quality of patient care occur. Reasons for leaving include incivility, lack of autonomy, perceptions of unfair treatment and feeling psychologically unsafe at work. This paper sought to investigate additional reasons why mental health professionals intend to quit or to cognitively withdraw from their jobs. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: Past research on this topic is limited in its scope and data...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927947/developing-the-senses-framework-to-support-relationship-centred-care-for-people-with-advanced-dementia-until-the-end-of-life-in-care-homes
#16
Julie Watson
People with advanced dementia living in care homes can experience social death before their physical death. Social death occurs when a person is no longer recognised as being an active agent within their relationships. A shift is required in how we perceive people with advanced dementia so that the ways they continue to be active in their relationships are noticed. Paying attention to embodied and interembodied selfhood broadens the scope and opportunities for relationships with people with advanced dementia, acting as a counter to social death...
December 6, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927659/development-of-a-brief-measure-of-intimate-partner-violence-experiences-the-composite-abuse-scale-revised-short-form-casr-sf
#17
Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, C Nadine Wathen, Colleen Varcoe, Harriet L MacMillan, Kelly Scott-Storey, Tara Mantler, Kelsey Hegarty, Nancy Perrin
OBJECTIVES: Approaches to measuring intimate partner violence (IPV) in populations often privilege physical violence, with poor assessment of other experiences. This has led to underestimating the scope and impact of IPV. The aim of this study was to develop a brief, reliable and valid self-report measure of IPV that adequately captures its complexity. DESIGN: Mixed-methods instrument development and psychometric testing to evolve a brief version of the Composite Abuse Scale (CAS) using secondary data analysis and expert feedback...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926924/the-impact-of-excluding-trials-from-network-meta-analyses-an-empirical-study
#18
Jing Zhang, Yiping Yuan, Haitao Chu
Network meta-analysis (NMA) expands the scope of a conventional pairwise meta-analysis to simultaneously compare multiple treatments, which has an inherent appeal for clinicians, patients, and policy decision makers. Two recent reports have shown that the impact of excluding a treatment on NMAs can be substantial. However, no one has assessed the impact of excluding a trial from NMAs, which is important because many NMAs selectively include trials in the analysis. This article empirically examines the impact of trial exclusion using both the arm-based (AB) and contrast-based (CB) approaches, by reanalyzing 20 published NMAs involving 725 randomized controlled trials and 449,325 patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926762/association-of-arterial-and-lymph-node-inflammation-with-distinct-inflammatory-pathways-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#19
Ahmed Tawakol, Amorina Ishai, Danny Li, Richard A P Takx, Sophia Hur, Yannick Kaiser, Miguel Pampaloni, Adam Rupert, Denise Hsu, Irini Sereti, Rémi Fromentin, Nicolas Chomont, Peter Ganz, Steven G Deeks, Priscilla Y Hsue
Importance: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease and increased arterial inflammation. In HIV, inflammation is also increased within lymph nodes (LNs), tissues known to harbor the virus even among treated and suppressed individuals. Objective: To test the hypothesis that arterial inflammation is linked to HIV disease activity and to inflammation within HIV-infected tissues (LNs). Design, Setting, and Participants: For this case-control study, participants were recruited from the SCOPE (Observational Study of the Consequences of the Protease Inhibitor Era) cohort, a clinic-based cohort of individuals receiving care at San Francisco General Hospital and the San Francisco Veteran's Affairs Medical Center...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926554/intraoperative-archive-of-right-colonic-vascular-variability-aids-central-vascular-ligation-and-redefines-gastrocolic-trunk-of-henle-variants
#20
Jamal F Alsabilah, Syed A Razvi, Mahdi H Albandar, Nam K Kim
BACKGROUND: Vascular supply to the right colon has become an issue because of high variability and subsequent impact on minimally invasive surgery. Past cadaveric or radiologic anatomic assessments are noncomprehensive. OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative charting of right colonic arteriovenous anatomy was undertaken to determine the incidence and scope of vascular variations. DESIGN: Vascular anatomy variations were documented in snapshot images, captured during laparoscopic video recordings or through open surgical digital photography...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
keyword
keyword
55038
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"