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Facial dermatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411520/randomized-investigator-blinded-comparative-study-of-moisturizer-containing-4-t-butylcyclohexanol-and-licochalcone-a-versus-0-02-triamcinolone-acetonide-cream-in-facial-dermatitis
#1
Waranya Boonchai, Supenya Varothai, Waranaree Winayanuwattikun, Sutasinee Phaitoonvatanakij, Pichanee Chaweekulrat, Pranee Kasemsarn
BACKGROUND: Facial dermatitis can result from various conditions, some of which are of a chronic and relapsing nature. The use of topical corticosteroid therapy may lead to additional adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of moisturizer containing 4-t-butylcyclohexanol, which acts as a sensitivity regulator, and licochalcone A, an anti-inflammatory agent from the licorice plant Glycyrrhiza inflata, with that of 0.02% triamcinolone acetonide (TA) for the treatment of facial dermatitis...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409914/efficacy-and-safety-of-oxymetazoline-cream-1-0-for-treatment-of-persistent-facial-erythema-associated-with-rosacea-findings-from-the-52-week-open-label-reveal-trial
#2
Zoe Diana Draelos, Michael H Gold, Robert A Weiss, Leslie Baumann, Steven K Grekin, Deanne Mraz Robinson, Steven E Kempers, Nancy Alvandi, Emily Weng, David R Berk, Gurpreet Ahluwalia
BACKGROUND: Limited treatments are available for persistent erythema of rosacea. OBJECTIVE: To examine long-term safety and efficacy of oxymetazoline cream 1.0% in rosacea patients with moderate to severe persistent erythema. METHODS: Patients applied oxymetazoline once daily for 52 weeks. Safety assessments included treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs), skin blanching, inflammatory lesion counts, telangiectasia, disease severity, and rebound effect...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390311/systemic-contact-dermatitis-due-to-corrosion-of-titanium-coated-nickel-and-cobalt-bone-plate-fixation-a-case-report
#3
Oki Suwarsa, Rachel Marsella Rahardjo, Endang Sutedja, Hartati Purbo Dharmadji, Reti Hindritiani, Hendra Gunawan
RATIONALE: Corrosion refers to the degradation of a material that occurs following its interaction with other substances in the environment. Corrosion of metallic substances into tissues may lead to inflammatory responses such as systemic contact dermatitis (SCD), a skin condition where an individual who has previously been sensitized to a particular allergen via the cutaneous route will subsequently react to same allergen via the systemic route. This condition occurs following exposure to allergens such as metals, medications, and certain food substances...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386835/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-associated-with-reactivation-of-epstein-barr-virus-and-or-cytomegalovirus-leading-to-hemophagocytic-syndrome-in-one-of-two-patients
#4
Jianhua Liang, Hui Qu, Xiaowen Wang, Aiping Wang, Lingling Liu, Ping Tu, Ruoyu Li, Mingyue Wang
Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a hypersensitivity reaction characterized by maculopapular rash, exfoliative dermatitis, lymphadenopathy, fever, eosinophilia, and involvement of internal organs. Evidence for reactivation of herpes family viruses has been observed in some DRESS patients, and activated CD8+ T lymphocytes are largely directed against Epstein-Barr virus. Here, we report two cases complicated with this infection. Both patients received antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
February 2018: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377297/patch-testing-in-facial-dermatitis-using-chinese-baseline-series-60-allergens-and-cosmetic-series-58-allergens
#5
Fen Peng, Zhang-Lei Mu, Cong-Fen He, Chen-Hong Xue, Wen-Hai Li, Qiao-E Wang, Zhou Chen, Jian-Zhong Zhang
Facial dermatitis (FD) is a common problem encountered in clinical practice. It effects patients' self-esteem and quality of life. Mild reactions such as itching, pricking, dryness can occur in more than 10% of patients[1]. Recurrence is common in FD. The cause of FD is often difficult to determine. Metals, cosmetics, air pollution and physical factors such as wind or changes in temperature and humidity in the environment may all contribute to the development of FD[2]. Patch test is useful in establishing the identification of FD[1,2]...
January 29, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367869/clinical-profile-of-300-men-with-facial-hypermelanosis
#6
Mrinal Gupta, Vikram K Mahajan
Background: Facial hypermelanosis is a significant cause of cosmetic disfigurement, social embarrassment and psychological morbidity affecting quality of life. Objective: To study clinicoepidemlogic patterns of facial hypermelanoses among men. Material and Methods: Medical records of all adult males presenting with facial hypermelanoses were analyzed for this retrospective cross sectional study for demographic details, duration, cosmetic usage, sun exposure, drug intake, infections, systemic or cutaneous diseases, and family history of hypermelanotic dermatosis...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346049/microphthalmia-corneal-dermoids-and-congenital-anomalies-resembling-goldenhar-syndrome-in-a-cat
#7
William Berkowski, Ingeborg Langohr, Anthony Pease, Joshua Bartoe
CASE DESCRIPTION An 18-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of conjunctivitis and skin-fold dermatitis secondary to bilateral microphthalmia, corneal dermoids, and ankyloblepharon. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed bilateral microphthalmia, bilaterally symmetrical corneal dermoids, ankyloblepharon, superior and inferior entropion, prognathism, and facial asymmetry with deviation of the nasal septum. Computed tomography revealed malformed, thickened bony orbits with mineralization of the orbital ligament bilaterally...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344321/fixed-drug-eruption-to-supplement-containing-ginkgo-biloba-and-vinpocetine-a-case-report-and-review-of-related-cutaneous-side-effects
#8
Philip R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Fixed drug eruption is a cutaneous reaction to a systemic agent that typically presents as an annular or oval erythematous patch or blister and subsequently resolves with postinflammatory hyperpigmentation at the site. Ginkgo biloba leaf extract and vinpocetine are nutritional supplements used to enhance memory in patients with dementia and age-related memory impairment conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. PURPOSE: To describe a fixed drug eruption in a man who repeatedly developed pruritus and macular erythema on his distal penile shaft after ingesting a natural product containing Ginkgo biloba and vinpocetine...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320594/pivotal-trial-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-oxymetazoline-cream-1-0-for-the-treatment-of-persistent-facial-erythema-associated-with-rosacea-findings-from-the-first-reveal-trial
#9
Leon H Kircik, Janet DuBois, Zoe Diana Draelos, Philip Werschler, Kimberly Grande, Fran E Cook-Bolden, Emily Weng, David R Berk, Gurpreet Ahluwalia
An unmet need exists for a safe, tolerable, effective treatment for moderate to severe persistent facial erythema in patients with rosacea. This pivotal phase 3, multicenter, double-blind study evaluated the efficacy and safety of topical oxymetazoline in patients with facial erythema associated with moderate to severe rosacea. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment with oxymetazoline hydrochloride cream 1.0% or vehicle applied once daily for 29 days, and were followed for 28 days posttreatment. The primary efficacy outcome was having at least a 2-grade decrease from baseline on both the Clinician Erythema Assessment (CEA) and the Subject Self-Assessment for rosacea facial redness (SSA) scales (composite success) at 3, 6, 9, and 12 hours postdose on day 29...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068251/skin-as-a-marker-of-general-feline-health-cutaneous-manifestations-of-infectious-disease
#10
REVIEW
Katherine Backel, Christine Cain
Practical relevance: Infectious disease in feline patients often presents a diagnostic challenge. This article reviews the most relevant viral, bacterial and protozoal diseases and their cutaneous manifestations. Many of the diseases discussed have overlapping presentations or may mimic more common noninfectious disease processes. The purpose of the article is to reinforce knowledge of common and uncommon infectious diseases, help practitioners identify possible infectious dermatoses, create a comprehensive and prioritized differential list, and provide guidance for the diagnosis of these diseases...
November 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950276/a-mouse-model-of-anaphylaxis-and-atopic-dermatitis-to-salt-soluble-wheat-protein-extract
#11
Yining Jin, Sarah Ebaugh, Anna Martens, Haoran Gao, Eric Olson, Perry K W Ng, Venu Gangur
BACKGROUND: Wheat allergy and other immune-mediated disorders triggered by wheat proteins are growing at an alarming rate for reasons not well understood. A mouse model to study hypersensitivity responses to salt-soluble wheat protein (SSWP) extract is currently unavailable. Here we tested the hypothesis that SSWP extract from wheat will induce sensitization as well as allergic disease in mice. METHODS: Female BALB/cJ mice were weaned onto a plant protein-free diet...
2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914333/-acute-skin-infections-and-their-imitators-in-children-a-photo-quiz
#12
REVIEW
M Theiler, A Schwieger-Briel, L Weibel
BACKGROUND: Skin infections account for 40% of emergency visits in pediatric dermatology. It is important to promptly recognize skin infections with potential complications and initiate treatment. However some characteristic skin findings may imitate skin infections and are often misdiagnosed. OBJECTIVES: To illustrate frequent pediatric skin infections and pitfalls in view of imitators and differential diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A photo quiz is presented with the discussion of a selection of acute pediatric skin infections in comparison to their infectious or noninfectious differential diagnoses...
October 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766799/occupational-facial-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-methylchloroisothiazolinone-methylisothiazolinone-in-a-stainless-steel-aerosol-spray
#13
Tanja Todberg, Morten S Opstrup, Jeanne D Johansen, Marianne Hald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708262/characterization-of-spac-type-erysipelothrix-sp-isolates-causing-systemic-disease-in-ornamental-fish
#14
E K Pomaranski, S R Reichley, R Yanong, J Shelley, D B Pouder, J C Wolf, K V Kenelty, B Van Bonn, F Oliaro, B Byrne, K A Clothier, M J Griffin, A C Camus, E Soto
Since 2012, low-to-moderate mortality associated with an Erysipelothrix sp. bacterium has been reported in ornamental fish. Histological findings have included facial cellulitis, necrotizing dermatitis and myositis, and disseminated coelomitis with abundant intralesional Gram-positive bacterial colonies. Sixteen Erysipelothrix sp. isolates identified phenotypically as E. rhusiopathiae were recovered from diseased cyprinid and characid fish. Similar clinical and histological changes were also observed in zebrafish, Danio rerio, challenged by intracoelomic injection...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695412/-basis-for-the-treatment-of-eczematous-diseases-in-otorhinolaryngology
#15
REVIEW
R Fölster-Holst, A Sperl, T Albrecht, L Klimek
According to Coombs and Gell, cell-mediated immune responses belong to type IV reactions and are borne mainly by T lymphocytes. The eliciting allergens are usually so-called haptens. Haptens are substances which develop to whole antigens only by binding to protein carriers. In otorhinolaryngology, delayed allergic hypersensitivities are apparent mainly as contact eczemata. Facial dermatitis, auricle and ear canal eczema as well as perioral eczema belong to the most common forms of contact dermatitis in ENT patients...
October 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685715/high-staphylococcus-epidermidis-colonization-and-impaired-permeability-barrier-in-facial-seborrheic-dermatitis
#16
Qian An, Meng Sun, Rui-Qun Qi, Li Zhang, Jin-Long Zhai, Yu-Xiao Hong, Bing Song, Hong-Duo Chen, Xing-Hua Gao
BACKGROUND: Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a common inflammatory skin condition. The etiology is unclear, although overgrowth of Malassezia on the skin has been suggested to cause SD. This study investigated whether colonization with Staphylococcus plays a role in facial SD, which was not well addressed previously. METHODS: The study was conducted from September 1, 2011 to February 20, 2012 in the First Hospital of China Medical University. In the first phase, the study evaluated the level of transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and the number of colony-forming units (CFU) of Staphylococcus in defined skin areas of SD patients who were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive (HIV [+] SD [+] group, n = 13), classical SD (HIV [-] SD [+] group, n = 24) patients, HIV seropositive-non-SD (HIV [+] SD [-] group, n = 16) patients, and healthy volunteers (HIV [-] SD [-] group, n = 16)...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659135/bilateral-morganella-morganii-keratitis-in-a-patient-with-facial-topical-corticosteroid-induced-rosacea-like-dermatitis-a-case-report
#17
Bei Zhang, Fei Pan, Kejian Zhu
BACKGROUND: Bilateral keratitis rarely occurs in individuals without predisposing factors. Here we describe the clinical course of a patient who developed a bilateral keratitis caused by Morganella. morganii which might be associated with long term using of topical corticosteroids-containing preparations on the face. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old female patient presented with marked bilateral corneal infiltration and hypopyon without any usual predisposing factors for bilateral infectious keratitis...
June 28, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601424/a-diagnostic-approach-to-recurrent-orofacial-swelling-a-retrospective-study-of-104-patients
#18
Rachel Y Miest, Alison J Bruce, Nneka I Comfere, Elena Hadjicharalambous, Dawnielle Endly, Christine M Lohse, Roy S Rogers
OBJECTIVE: To identify patients evaluated in an outpatient setting at our institution with a presentation of recurrent orofacial swelling and to review the spectrum of causes to outline a diagnostic approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 104 patients with more than 1 episode of orofacial swelling lasting for more than 5 days identified through a keyword search of the electronic health record from January 2, 2000, through July 5, 2011. RESULTS: Patients were categorized according to final cause of orofacial swelling: idiopathic orofacial granulomatosis, solid facial edema due to rosacea and acne vulgaris, Crohn disease, contact dermatitis, sarcoidosis, exfoliative cheilitis, lichen planus, actinic cheilitis, cheilitis glandularis, lymphedema, miscellaneous, and multifactorial...
July 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589618/comparison-of-different-regimens-of-pimecrolimus-1-cream-in-the-treatment-of-facial-seborrheic-dermatitis
#19
Juemin Zhao, Wenjia Sun, Chengfeng Zhang, Jiaqiang Wu, Yan Le, Chunyun Huang, Ye Liu, Leihong Xiang
BACKGROUND: Pimecrolimus 1% cream has already been proved to be an effective and safe alternative to treat seborrheic dermatitis. However, the treatment periods were inconstant in previous studies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comparative efficacy of pimecrolimus 1% cream with different regimens for the treatment of facial seborrheic dermatitis. METHOD: Thirty patients with facial seborrheic dermatitis were enrolled and randomly distributed to three groups...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560305/hydrocortisone-1-cream-and-sertaconazole-2-cream-to-treat-facial-seborrheic-dermatitis-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
K Balighi, S Z Ghodsi, M Daneshpazhooh, S Ghale-Baghi, M Nasimi, A Azizpour
BACKGROUND: Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a chronic dermatitis with periods of remission and relapse that requires long-term treatment. OBJECTIVE: We compared the efficacy and safety of treatment with sertaconazole with standard corticosteroid medications in adults with facial SD. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized controlled trial, 60 patients with a diagnosis of SD were enrolled. Patients were instructed to apply either sertaconazole 2% cream (30 patients) or hydrocortisone 1% cream (30 patients) twice daily to the affected area of the face...
June 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
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