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Facial dermatitis

Hiroshi Ikeda, Kiwamu Nakamura, Mei Ikenori, Takahiro Saito, Keisuke Nagamine, Minoru Inoue, Takuro Sakagami, Hiroko Suzuki, Mariko Usui, Keiji Kanemitsu, Akinori Matsumoto, Takuro Shinbo
We herein report a case of disseminated Mycobacterium avium infection that involved both optic nerves, the conjunctiva, the right lower lung, and multiple skin lesions, including a thoracic nodule. The patient was a 65-year-old man without any significant medical history. The pathogen was detected in the patient's eye discharge, sputum, bronchial lavage fluid, and thoracic nodule. Anti-mycobacterial chemotherapy, including clarithromycin, rifampicin, and ethambutol, was administered, and the thoracic nodule was resected...
2016: Internal Medicine
Lisa A Last, Heather Fenton, Jessica Gonyor-McGuire, Matthew Moore, Michael J Yabsley
Snake fungal disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by the fungus Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola leading to severe dermatitis and facial disfiguration in numerous free-ranging and captive snakes. A free-ranging mud snake (Farancia abacura) from Bulloch County, Georgia, was presented for autopsy because of facial swelling and emaciation. Extensive ulceration of the skin, which was especially severe on the head, and retained shed were noted on external examination. Microscopic examination revealed severe heterophilic dermatitis with intralesional fungal hyphae and arthroconidia consistent with O...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Zaheer Abbas, Seyedeh Z Ghodsi, Robabeh Abedeni
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the effect of seborrheic dermatitis (SD) and/or its consequent therapy on a patient's quality of life. Itraconazole has been suggested as an effective therapy for severe SD but its impact on Quality of Life (QoL) in these patients has never been studied before. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to verify the efficacy of the itraconazole on the quality of life in patients with moderate to severe SD. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial was planned to describe the effect of SD per se on QoL and to determine the impact of oral itraconazole or placebo on QoL of SD patients...
July 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Enzo Errichetti, Giuseppe Stinco
Over the last few years, dermoscopy has been shown to be a useful tool in assisting the noninvasive diagnosis of various general dermatological disorders. In this article, we sought to provide an up-to-date practical overview on the use of dermoscopy in general dermatology by analysing the dermoscopic differential diagnosis of relatively common dermatological disorders grouped according to their clinical presentation, i.e. dermatoses presenting with erythematous-desquamative patches/plaques (plaque psoriasis, eczematous dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, mycosis fungoides and subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus), papulosquamous/papulokeratotic dermatoses (lichen planus, pityriasis rosea, papulosquamous sarcoidosis, guttate psoriasis, pityriasis lichenoides chronica, classical pityriasis rubra pilaris, porokeratosis, lymphomatoid papulosis, papulosquamous chronic GVHD, parakeratosis variegata, Grover disease, Darier disease and BRAF-inhibitor-induced acantholytic dyskeratosis), facial inflammatory skin diseases (rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, discoid lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, cutaneous leishmaniasis, lupus vulgaris, granuloma faciale and demodicidosis), acquired keratodermas (chronic hand eczema, palmar psoriasis, keratoderma due to mycosis fungoides, keratoderma resulting from pityriasis rubra pilaris, tinea manuum, palmar lichen planus and aquagenic palmar keratoderma), sclero-atrophic dermatoses (necrobiosis lipoidica, morphea and cutaneous lichen sclerosus), hypopigmented macular diseases (extragenital guttate lichen sclerosus, achromic pityriasis versicolor, guttate vitiligo, idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, progressive macular hypomelanosis and postinflammatory hypopigmentations), hyperpigmented maculopapular diseases (pityriasis versicolor, lichen planus pigmentosus, Gougerot-Carteaud syndrome, Dowling-Degos disease, erythema ab igne, macular amyloidosis, lichen amyloidosus, friction melanosis, terra firma-forme dermatosis, urticaria pigmentosa and telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans), itchy papulonodular dermatoses (hypertrophic lichen planus, prurigo nodularis, nodular scabies and acquired perforating dermatosis), erythrodermas (due to psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, mycosis fungoides, pityriasis rubra pilaris and scabies), noninfectious balanitis (Zoon's plasma cell balanitis, psoriatic balanitis, seborrheic dermatitis and non-specific balanitis) and erythroplasia of Queyrat, inflammatory cicatricial alopecias (scalp discoid lupus erythematosus, lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia and folliculitis decalvans), nonscarring alopecias (alopecia areata, trichotillomania, androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium) and scaling disorders of the scalp (tinea capitis, scalp psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis amiantacea)...
September 9, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
Joseph F Fowler
Rosacea is a chronic skin disorder associated with flushing, erythema, dryness, burning and stinging, and inflammatory papules and pustules. New treatments available or in development target the inflammatory and erythematous components of the disease. These agents include the selective α2 receptor agonist brimonidine, the topical agents ivermectin cream 1% and azelaic acid foam 15%, and use of tetracyclinetype antibiotics, which affect the cathelicidin pathway. Semin Cutan Med Surg 35(supp6):S107-S109.
June 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Thibaud Soumagne, Gabriel Reboux, Bruno Degano, Jean Charles Dalphin
A 52-year-old non-smoking beautician using a skincare device spraying steam and ozone (a "vapozone" facial steamer) was referred for progressive dyspnea and dry cough during working periods. Although spirometry was normal, she had decreased diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide, bronchiolitis with air trapping on high-resolution CT scan and 60% lymphocytosis by bronchoalveolar lavage. Twenty-six antigens were tested and serum-specific precipitins were found mainly against Pseudomonas sp. and Mycobacterium mucogenicum...
July 18, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Elina Manzhalii, Daniel Hornuss, Wolfgang Stremmel
AIM: To evaluate the effect of oral Escherichia coli (E. coli) Nissle application on the outcome of intestinal-borne dermatoses. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled, non-blinded prospective clinical trial 82 patients with intestinal-borne facial dermatoses characterized by an erythematous papular-pustular rash were screened. At the initiation visit 37 patients entered the experimental arm and 20 patients constituted the control arm. All 57 patients were treated with a vegetarian diet and conventional topical therapy of the dermatoses with ointments containing tetracycline, steroids and retinoids...
June 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
J G Holm, T Agner, M-L Clausen, S F Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) affects quality of life (QoL) negatively in patients and their families. We examined the relationship between disease severity and QoL in patients with AD. METHODS: Consecutive, newly referred outpatients with AD, 4 years of age or older, were assessed from January 2012 onwards by means of the dermatology life quality index (DLQI, range 0-30), the Scoring of AD (SCORAD) disease severity score (range 0-103), filaggrin gene (FLG) mutation status and paraclinical tests related to allergy...
June 10, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Shradha Ahuja, Priyanka Makkar, Sorab Gupta, Ivette Vigoda
Skin may show the first clinical evidence of systemic disease and can be the first clue to malignancy in 1% of cases. Dermatomyositis is an immunologically mediated inflammatory myopathy characterized by proximal muscle weakness, muscle inflammation, and characteristic skin findings. It has an incidence of 1 in 100,000 patients. In 15%-30% cases of dermatomyositis, an underlying malignancy is the cause of paraneoplastic syndrome. Ovarian and breast cancer in women and lung cancer in men are the most common malignancies associated with dermatomyositis...
May 2016: Journal of Community and Supportive Oncology
Alexandra R Vaughn, Amy Branum, Raja K Sivamani
Turmeric (Curcuma longa), a commonly used spice throughout the world, has been shown to exhibit antiinflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-neoplastic properties. Growing evidence shows that an active component of turmeric, curcumin, may be used medically to treat a variety of dermatologic diseases. This systematic review was conducted to examine the evidence for the use of both topical and ingested turmeric/curcumin to modulate skin health and function. The PubMed and Embase databases were systematically searched for clinical studies involving humans that examined the relationship between products containing turmeric, curcumin, and skin health...
August 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Saida Rezaković, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Zrinjka Paštar
Rosacea is a common, chronic cutaneous disorder with a prevalence of 0.5-10%, predominantly affecting women. The disease presents with a heterogeneous clinical picture characterized by transient flushing, persistent facial redness, telangiectasias, and, in more severe clinical forms, the presence of inflammatory papules and pustules in the central third of the face. Although its pathophysiology is complex and still remains unknown, factors that exacerbate the disease are well defined. They include genetic predisposition as well as external factors such as exposure to UV light, high temperature, and diet...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
J F Schwensen, T Menné, J D Johansen, J P Thyssen
INTRODUCTION: Chemicals used for the manufacturing of rubber are known causes of allergic contact dermatitis on the hands. Recent European studies have suggested a decrease in thiuram contact allergy. Moreover, while an association with hand dermatitis is well established, we have recently observed several clinical cases with allergic facial dermatitis to rubber. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate temporal trends of contact allergy to rubber accelerators from the European baseline series in a tertiary patch test clinic in Denmark, and examine associations with anatomical locations of dermatitis...
May 4, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
M Pinto Gouveia, A Gameiro, I Coutinho, N Pereira, J C Cardoso, M Gonçalo
BACKGROUND: Inpatients with cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADR) with overlapping features between maculopapular exanthema (MPE) and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) were examined. OBJECTIVES: To characterize patients with exanthema and few systemic symptoms not meeting the criteria for DRESS [overlapping MPE-DRESS (MP/DR)]. METHODS: We undertook a comparative analysis of clinical and laboratory features of patients with MPE, MP/DR and DRESS (2008-12)...
April 29, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Claire Higgins, Rosemary Nixon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Naoko Takeo, Takashi Sakai, Tomoko Saito-Shono, Kazushi Ishikawa, Yutaka Hatano, Kazumoto Katagiri, Yoshihiro Takahashi, Kenji Kawano, Kenichi Kimoto, Toshiaki Kubota, Nobuoki Eshima, Hiroto Kojima, Sakuhei Fujiwara
Pigmented cosmetic dermatitis-like (Riehl's melanosis-like) pigmentation was reported in three of 27 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. But case reports of such eruptions are rare. We describe three cases of such eruptions associated with primary Sjögren's syndrome or anti-SSA antibody and possible associations with specific types of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and infiltrating lymphocytes. These middle-aged Japanese women had reticular facial pigmentation and histopathological examination revealed interface dermatitis, melanophages, and dense lymphocytic infiltration around hair follicles and sweat ducts...
August 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Olivier Aerts, Lien Verhulst, An Goossens
BACKGROUND: Ethylhexylglycerin is a relatively new cosmetic ingredient that is used for its surfactant, emollient, skin-conditioning and antimicrobial properties. Since 2002, it has been occasionally reported as a contact allergen. OBJECTIVES: To report on 13 patients who presented with allergic contact dermatitis caused by ethylhexylglycerin, evaluated at two Belgian university patch test clinics during the period 1990-2015. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients were patch tested with the European baseline series, a cosmetic series, and - if indicated - additional series...
May 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Sabrina M Martens
A 7-week-old golden retriever puppy was presented with acute onset of marked facial inflammation and pustular dermatitis, markedly enlarged submandibular lymph nodes, and pyrexia. Treatment included high-dose corticosteroids and antibiotics. One week after presentation the puppy showed a significant decrease in inflammation and healing pustules.
February 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
L Misery, K Loser, S Ständer
Sensitive skin is a clinical condition defined by the self-reported facial presence of different sensory perceptions, including tightness, stinging, burning, tingling, pain and pruritus. Sensitive skin may occur in individuals with normal skin, with skin barrier disturbance, or as a part of the symptoms associated with facial dermatoses such as rosacea, atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. Although experimental studies are still pending, the symptoms of sensitive skin suggest the involvement of cutaneous nerve fibres and neuronal, as well as epidermal, thermochannels...
February 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Xiangang Fang, Baoqi Yang, Guizhi Zhou, Yongxia Liu, Furen Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Federica Pistoni, Anna Peroni, Chiara Colato, Donatella Schena, Giampiero Girolomoni
Keratosis lichenoides chronica (KLC) is a rare dermatological condition characterized by keratotic papules arranged in a parallel linear or reticular pattern and facial lesions resembling seborrheic dermatitis or rosacea. The clinical, histological and therapeutic information on 71 patients with KLC retrieved through a PubMed search plus one our new case were analyzed. KLC affects patients of all ages, with a modest male predominance. Pediatric cases represent about one quarter of patients. Diagnosis is usually delayed and histologically confirmed...
August 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
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