keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Genital herpes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762300/health-related-quality-of-life-of-young-people-and-adults-with-primary-or-recurrent-episodes-of-genital-herpes-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Clare Bennett, Anne Rebafka, Judith Carrier, Deborah Edwards, Jonathan Jones
The review questions are:The specific objectives are:This mixed methods review seeks to develop an aggregated synthesis of quantitative and qualitative data on the HRQOL implications of genital herpes for the individual in order to derive conclusions and recommendations for clinical practice and policy decision making.
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738431/a-vp26-mneongreen-capsid-fusion-hsv-2-mutant-reactivates-from-viral-latency-in-the-guinea-pig-genital-model-with-normal-kinetics
#2
Julianna R Pieknik, Andrea S Bertke, Shuang Tang, Philip R Krause
Fluorescent herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are invaluable tools for localizing virus in cells, permitting visualization of capsid trafficking and enhancing neuroanatomical research. Fluorescent viruses can also be used to study virus kinetics and reactivation in vivo. Such studies would be facilitated by fluorescent herpes simplex virus recombinants that exhibit wild-type kinetics of replication and reactivation and that are genetically stable. We engineered an HSV-2 strain expressing the fluorescent mNeonGreen protein as a fusion with the VP26 capsid protein...
May 8, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732319/epstein-barr-virus-in-gliomas-cause-association-or-artifact
#3
REVIEW
Saghir Akhtar, Semir Vranic, Farhan Sachal Cyprian, Ala-Eddin Al Moustafa
Gliomas are the most common malignant brain tumors and account for around 60% of all primary central nervous system cancers. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a grade IV glioma associated with a poor outcome despite recent advances in chemotherapy. The etiology of gliomas is unknown, but neurotropic viruses including the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) that is transmitted via salivary and genital fluids have been implicated recently. EBV is a member of the gamma herpes simplex family of DNA viruses that is known to cause infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever) and is strongly linked with the oncogenesis of several cancers, including B-cell lymphomas, nasopharyngeal, and gastric carcinomas...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720520/herpes-simplex-virus-2-latency-associated-transcript-lat-region-mutations-do-not-identify-a-role-for-lat-associated-micro-rnas-in-viral-reactivation-in-the-guinea-pig-genital-model
#4
Yoshiki Kawamura, Marta Bosch-Marce, Shuang Tang, Amita Patel, Philip R Krause
Despite the long-standing observation that herpes simplex virus (HSV) Latency-Associated Transcript (LAT) promoter-deletion viruses show impaired recurrence phenotypes in relevant animal models, the mechanism by which these sequences exert this phenotypic effect is unknown. We constructed and evaluated four mutant HSV-2 viruses with targeted mutations in the LAT promoter and LAT-associated miRNAs affecting (1) the LAT TATA box, (2) the LAT ICP4-binding site, (3) miR-I and miR-II (miR-I/II), which both target ICP34...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698393/effects-of-spatiotemporal-hsv-2-lesion-dynamics-and-antiviral-treatment-on-the-risk-of-hiv-1-acquisition
#5
Catherine M Byrne, Soren Gantt, Daniel Coombs
Patients with Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (HSV-2) infection face a significantly higher risk of contracting HIV-1. This is thought to be due to herpetic lesions serving as entry points for HIV-1 and tissue-resident CD4+ T cell counts increasing during HSV-2 lesional events. We have created a stochastic and spatial mathematical model describing the dynamics of HSV-2 infection and immune response in the genital mucosa. Using our model, we first study the dynamics of a developing HSV-2 lesion. We then use our model to quantify the risk of infection with HIV-1 following sexual exposure in HSV-2 positive women...
April 26, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656416/women-infected-with-hiv-and-the-impact-of-associated-sexually-transmitted-infections
#6
REVIEW
Somaia Reda, Fernanda Aguiar Gonçalves, Melissa Mello Mazepa, Newton Sérgio de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To review the relationship between concomitant sexually transmitted infections in women infected with HIV. METHODS: PubMed and Scopus were searched for articles published in English and Portuguese between January 1, 1994, and December 31, 2015, using relevant keywords, including AIDS, HIV, female genital diseases, and sexually transmitted infections. Articles that associated sexually transmitted infections with HIV-infected women were selected for inclusion...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655629/intramuscular-vaccination-of-guinea-pigs-with-the-live-attenuated-human-herpes-simplex-vaccine-vc2-stimulates-a-transcriptional-profile-of-vaginal-th17-and-regulatory-tr1-responses
#7
Brent A Stanfield, Paul J F Rider, John Caskey, Fabio Del Piero, Konstantin G Kousoulas
Herpes simplex virus is a common causative agent of oral and genital diseases. Novel vaccines and therapeutics are needed to combat herpes infections especially after the failure of subunit vaccines in human clinical trials. We have shown that the live-attenuated HSV-1 VC2 vaccine strain is unable to establish latency in vaccinated animals and produces a robust immune response capable of completely protecting mice against lethal vaginal HSV-1 or HSV-2 infections. The guinea pig represents the best small animal model of genital HSV-2 disease...
April 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629409/genital-herpes-stigma-toward-the-measurement-and-validation-of-a-highly-prevalent-yet-hidden-public-health-problem
#8
Katie Wang, Abigail Merin, H Jonathon Rendina, John E Pachankis
Despite its highly prevalent and stigmatizing nature, genital herpes has received little attention from stigma researchers relative to other sexually transmitted infections. This limitation is of great relevance to researchers and practitioners in both clinical and healthcare settings, given that stigma can cause psychological distress and hinder disclosure to sexual partners, hence contributing to the spread of genital herpes. The present research developed and examined the psychometric properties of a quantitative measure of genital herpes stigma...
February 2018: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619436/concomitant-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-patients-with-diagnosed-hiv-aids-a-retrospective-study
#9
Densy Violina Harnanti, Afif Nurul Hidayati, Muhammad Miftahussurur
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) which weaken the human immune system and thus increasing the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and vice versa. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of STIs in HIV/AIDS patients in Unit Perawatan Intermediate Penyakit Infeksi (UPIPI) Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya was conducted from January 1st, 2013 to December 31st, 2014...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617372/trends-in-the-relative-prevalence-of-genital-ulcer-disease-pathogens-and-association-with-hiv-infection-in-johannesburg-south-africa-2007-2015
#10
Ranmini S Kularatne, Etienne E Muller, Dumisile V Maseko, Tendesayi Kufa-Chakezha, David A Lewis
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, treatment of genital ulcer disease (GUD) occurs in the context of syndromic management. GUD aetiological studies have been conducted in Johannesburg since 2007. We report on GUD pathogen prevalence, sero-prevalence of STI co-infections and aetiological trends among GUD patients presenting to a community-based primary healthcare facility in Johannesburg over a 9-year period. METHODS AND FINDINGS: GUD surveys were conducted from January to April each year...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608601/sting-agonists-enable-antiviral-cross-talk-between-human-cells-and-confer-protection-against-genital-herpes-in-mice
#11
Morten K Skouboe, Alice Knudsen, Line S Reinert, Cedric Boularan, Thierry Lioux, Eric Perouzel, Martin K Thomsen, Søren R Paludan
In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in immunomodulatory therapy as a means to treat various conditions, including infectious diseases. For instance, Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists have been evaluated for treatment of genital herpes. However, although the TLR7 agonist imiquimod was shown to have antiviral activity in individual patients, no significant effects were observed in clinical trials, and the compound also exhibited significant side effects, including local inflammation. Cytosolic DNA is detected by the enzyme cyclic GMP-AMP (2'3'-cGAMP) synthase (cGAS) to stimulate antiviral pathways, mainly through induction of type I interferon (IFN)s...
April 2, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604476/transcriptional-analysis-of-the-guinea-pig-mucosal-immune-response-to-intravaginal-infection-with-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2
#12
Ronald L Veselenak, Gregg N Milligan, Aaron L Miller, Richard B Pyles, Nigel Bourne
Genital herpes infection in guinea pigs closely models human infection but tools for immune characterization are limited. Immunity to HSV infection at the vaginal epithelial surface was characterized in guinea pigs using PCR-based array analysis of vaginal swab samples. IFNγ was one of the most significantly upregulated genes throughout the infection and over 40% of genes with significantly altered expression were linked to IFNγ based on INTERFEROME analysis. IFNγ transcripts and biologically active IFNγ at the genital mucosa were confirmed by RTPCR and IFNγ reporter cells...
March 28, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571124/prevention-and-management-of-genital-herpes-simplex-infection-during-pregnancy-and-delivery-guidelines-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#13
REVIEW
Marie-Victoire Sénat, Olivia Anselem, Olivier Picone, Laurent Renesme, Nicolas Sananès, Christelle Vauloup-Fellous, Yann Sellier, Jean-Pierre Laplace, Loïc Sentilhes
OBJECTIVE: Identify measures to diagnose, prevent, and treat genital herpes infection during pregnancy and childbirth as well as neonatal herpes infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bibliographic search from the Medline and Cochrane Library databases and review of international clinical practice guidelines. RESULTS: Genital herpes lesions are most often due to HSV-2 (LE2). The risk of HSV seroconversion during pregnancy is 1-5% (LE2). Genital herpes lesions during pregnancy in a woman with a history of genital herpes is a recurrence...
May 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558260/behavioral-psychological-gender-and-health-service-to-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-infection-among-young-adult-mexican-american-women-living-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#14
Kathryn M Nowotny, Jessica Frankeberger, Victoria E Rodriguez, Avelardo Valdez, Alice Cepeda
Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is among the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections in the United States. Despite this, there has been limited research on the correlates to HSV-2 among disadvantaged and marginalized women, particularly among Latinas. Data for the present analysis include 125 young adult Mexican-American women enrolled in a longitudinal study in a disadvantaged urban community in San Antonio, Texas. The current rate of tested HSV-2 infection is 56.8%. Our findings suggest strong comorbidity of genital herpes with injecting heroin use, Hepatitis C, sexual violence, incarceration, and mental illness...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554238/prevalence-and-correlates-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-infection-among-men-and-women-in-the-united-states
#15
Eshan U Patel, Charlotte A Gaydos, Zoe R Packman, Thomas C Quinn, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: The epidemiology of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection in the United States is poorly defined. Methods: Males and females aged 18-59 years who participated in the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and provided a urine specimen were tested for TV infection (n = 4057). Participants were also examined for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection, genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and herpes simplex virus type 2 serostatus...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549178/cxcl17-chemokine-dependent-mobilization-of-cxcr8-cd8-effector-memory-and-tissue-resident-memory-t-cells-in-the-vaginal-mucosa-is-associated-with-protection-against-genital-herpes
#16
Ruchi Srivastava, Marcela Hernández-Ruiz, Arif A Khan, Mona A Fouladi, Grace J Kim, Vincent T Ly, Taikun Yamada, Cynthia Lam, Sheilouise A B Sarain, Undariya Boldbaatar, Albert Zlotnik, Elmostafa Bahraoui, Lbachir BenMohamed
Circulating conventional memory CD8+ T cells (i.e., the CD8+ effector memory T [TEM ] cell and CD8+ central memory T [TCM ] cell subsets) and the noncirculating CD8+ tissue-resident memory T (TRM ) cell subset play a critical role in mucosal immunity. Mucosal chemokines, including the recently discovered CXCL17, are also important in mucosal immunity because they are homeostatically expressed in mucosal tissues. However, whether the CXCL17 chemokine contributes to the mobilization of memory CD8+ T cell subsets to access infected mucosal tissues remains to be elucidated...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522484/antiviral-effects-of-abma-against-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#17
Wenwen Dai, Yu Wu, Jinpeng Bi, Shuai Wang, Fang Li, Wei Kong, Julien Barbier, Jean-Christophe Cintrat, Feng Gao, Daniel Gillet, Weiheng Su, Chunlai Jiang
Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the causative pathogen of genital herpes and is closely associated with the occurrence of cervical cancer and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The absence of an effective vaccine and the emergence of drug resistance to commonly used nucleoside analogs emphasize the urgent need for alternative antivirals against HSV-2. Recently, ABMA [1-adamantyl (5-bromo-2-methoxybenzyl) amine] has been demonstrated to be an inhibitor of several pathogens exploiting host-vesicle transport, which also participates in the HSV-2 lifecycle...
March 9, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521211/acyclovir-in-the-treatment-of-herpes-viruses-a-review
#18
Katarzyna Klysik, Aneta Pietraszek, Anna Karewicz, Maria Nowakowska
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex (HSV) viruses are widely spread, highly contagious human pathogens. The statistics indicate that 50-90% of adults worldwide are seropositive for these viruses, mainly HSV-1 and HSV-2. The primary infection results in the appearance of watery blisters (cold sores) on the skin, lips, tongue, buccal mucosa or genitals. The ocular infection is the major cause of corneal blindness in the Western World. Once the HSV virus enters human body it cannot be completely eradicated because HSV viruses are able to change into their latent form which can survive the treatment...
March 8, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469801/undisturbed-characteristic-herpes-simplex-virus-2-outbreak
#19
Lainee S Goettsche, Karolyn A Wanat
Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is a common sexually transmitted disease that typically presents with focal erosions or small vesicles on an erythematous base.Herein, a case is described in which a 42-year old man experienced a genital HSV-2 outbreak after sustaining a spinal cord injury. No typical prodromal symptomswere experienced; therefore the vesicular lesions remained completely intact, granting an unusual opportunity to visualize herpetic infection in its most classic morphology.
October 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468223/a-case-of-hypertrophic-herpes-simplex-virus-affecting-the-eyelid-and-cornea-masquerading-as-igg4-related-disease
#20
Prachi Dua, Roman Shinder, Derek B Laskar, Douglas R Lazzaro, Allison E Rizzuti
Purpose: To report a case of hypertrophic herpes simplex virus (HSV) of the eyelid and cornea masquerading as IgG4-related disease. Observations: A 37-year old African American female with a past medical history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and a recent history of treated genital herpes, presented with an ulcerative lesion of the left upper and lower eyelids, and severe ocular inflammation with symblepharon...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
keyword
keyword
55023
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"