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Condyloma acuminatum

Q Zhong, K Li, D Chen, H Wang, Q Lin, W Liu
Objective Condyloma acuminatum (CA) is a common, viral, sexually transmitted disease worldwide. Human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping has important clinical implications for the treatment of CA. We developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the detection of HPV. Methods We collected 294 cervical scrape samples, including 30 HPV-6-positive, 30 HPV-11-positive, 22 HPV-16-positive, 20 HPV-42-positve, 30 HPV-43-positive, 20 HPV-44-positive and 142 HPV-negative samples. Tissues from 40 patients with a pathological diagnosis of CA were paraffin-embedded and analyzed by LAMP and Luminex...
March 14, 2018: British Journal of Biomedical Science
Xin Yu, Heyi Zheng
Condyloma acuminatum (CA), or genital wart, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by human papillomaviruses. Increasing evidences demonstrated that photodynamic therapy (PDT) is effective in eliminating latent HPV infection, the major reason for CA recurrence. We observed an increasing number of infections after PDT in CA patients, which has not been reported before. This study aims to evaluate the incidence and management of infection in CA patients after PDT procedure. CA patients received PDT from January 2015 to February 2016 at the outpatient setting...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Martha Carmona Lorduy, Jonathan Harris Ricardo, Yurtiza Hernández Arenas, Wanda Medina Carmona
The human papillomavirus (HPV) has an affinity for squamous cells of stratified keratinized epithelium, thus affecting the lower genital, nasal, and oral tracts. In the oral cavity, HPV is associated with pathoses such as the verruca vulgaris (common wart), squamous cell papilloma, condyloma acuminatum (venereal wart), and focal epithelial hyperplasia (Heck disease). Among the treatments available for these lesions are cryotherapy, electrosurgery, surgical removal, laser therapy, and trichloroacetic acid (TCA)...
March 2018: General Dentistry
Yan Gao, Kai Han, Qi Wang, Zhili Hu, Qingxiu Liu, Lishi Liu, Kang Zeng
Condyloma acuminatum (CA) is a common sexually transmitted disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Podophyllotoxin (POD), a cytotoxic compound, is able to effectively treat HPV; however, the severe irritation side effects of POD restrict its use as a treatment for CA. The aim of the present study was to construct novel POD‑loaded nanostructured nanolipid carriers (POD‑NLCs) and evaluate their physicochemical characteristics and cytotoxicity. POD‑NLCs (0.5%) were prepared using emulsion‑evaporation and low temperature‑solidification methods with optimized conditions and preparations...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Kiyong Na, Ji-Youn Sung, Hyun-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND/AIM: Severe nuclear atypia can be associated with condyloma acuminatum. In this study, we investigated nine cases of perianal condyloma acuminatum with severe nuclear atypia and determined whether severe nuclear atypia is sufficient for the diagnosis of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical data and pathological features of the nine patients were collected. p16 Immunostaining and human papillomavirus genotyping were also performed...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Reshmi Sen, Neha Shah, Mahmud Abdul Sheikh, Rudra Prasad Chatterjee
Condyloma acuminatum (CA) is a human papillomavirus-induced sexually transmitted disease which is characterised by epithelial proliferation in the genital region, perianal region, oral cavity and larynx. It was first reported by Knapp and Uohara in 1967. The disease is more common in children and teenagers and appears as solitary or multiple, pinkish, sessile papules or plaques with pebbled surface or as pedunculated papillary lesions. Oral lesions commonly affect the lips, floor of the mouth, lateral and ventral surfaces of tongue, buccal mucosa, soft palate and rarely gingiva...
February 1, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
G Balducci, G Carbotta, M G Sederino, A Delvecchio, R Laforgia, P Sallustio, P Lobascio, F Ferrarese, M Minafra, S Fedele, N Palasciano
The giant condyloma acuminatum or Buschke-Loewenstein tumor is a rare, sexually transmitted disease. It is an epithelial tumor characterized by its high potential of malignancy towards developing into a highly invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The present case concerns a drug addicted 40-year-old man who smuggled drugs using his rectum. He had a partially ulcerated mass in the perianal area of about 20 x 10 cm. He reported a progressive growth of this neoplasm during the last 3 years associated with perianal pain, obstructed defecation, bad sitting posture, no fever and weight loss...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Shunji Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: We examined the clinical characteristics and obstetric outcomes in adolescent pregnancies in Japanese women. METHODS: The present study was a retrospective investigation of all primiparous Japanese women with singleton pregnancies who gave birth at ≥ 22 weeks' gestation aged ≤ 18 years old (adolescent pregnancy, n = 325) and aged 28-30 years old (n = 2029) at Japanese Red Cross, Katsushika Maternity Hospital between 2002 and 2016. RESULTS: The frequencies of smoking, economic problems, an unmarried single status at delivery and the start of prenatal care in the first trimester in the adolescent pregnancy group were significantly higher than in the control group (p < 0...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Miho Masuda, Kaoru Abiko, Sachiko Minamiguchi, Ryusuke Murakami, Tsukasa Baba, Ikuo Konishi
Condylomatous, or warty squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix, is a rare variant of invasive SCC. Here, we describe a case of aggressive condylomatous SCC of the uterine cervix. A 43-year-old woman was monitored for 3 years for suspected low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. A whitish papillary mass occupied the cervix, and the colposcopic diagnosis was condyloma acuminatum. A cervical biopsy revealed papillary proliferating thick squamous epithelium, which consisted of koilocytes and atypical cells with enlarged nuclei...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Satomi Furukawa, Shin Uota, Tetsuo Yamana, Rikisaburo Sahara, Kuniko Iihara, Yoshiyuki Yokomaku, Yasumasa Iwatani, Wataru Sugiura
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is known to cause anal condyloma acuminatum (CA) and squamous cell carcinoma. Men who have sex with men (MSM) with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are frequently co-infected with HPV, especially high risk HPV (HR-HPV) that causes anal squamous cell carcinoma. However, there are few reports of HPV genotype studies in anal lesion of Japanese men. We tried to estimate the distribution of HPV genotypes in anal CA tissue specimens from the Japanese men in order to elucidate the risk of anal cancer...
November 28, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Yongfang Wang, Xinyu Li, Shasha Song, Yang Sun, Jiafen Zhang, Changming Yu, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: Condyloma acuminatum, infected by low-risk human papillomaviruses (e.g., HPV6 and HPV11), is one of the most widespread sexually transmitted diseases. Apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like 3 proteins (APOBEC3s, A3s) are cellular cytidine deaminases acting as antiviral factors through hypermutation of viral genome. However, it remains unknown whether A3s results in HPV11 gene mutations and interferon-ω (IFN-ω) exhibits antiviral activities through the A3s system...
November 3, 2017: Virology Journal
Calvina Theresia, Jie Zheng, Xiao-Ying Chen
BACKGROUND: Topical Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is widely acknowledged for its safety and effectiveness in treating oncologic skin diseases such as basal cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis and squamous cell carcinoma in situ. Despite its broad applications in dermatology, this method is a relatively new therapeutic option for treating inflammatory/infectious skin diseases. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether topical PDT is a safe and effective treatment option in treating treatment-recalcitrant dermatosis...
December 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Masaaki Kawase, Kiyofumi Egawa, Takaoki Ishiji, Hidemi Nakagawa
To date, epidermoid cysts associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have been described mainly in palmoplantar locations, and have involved HPV types 60 and 57. In contrast, HPV-6/11 is a major cause of condyloma acuminatum. Here, we report the case of a healthy 31-year-old man who presented to our clinic with a 1-month history of a 1-cm, reddish-brown, cystic scrotal tumor with a punctum. The lesion was studied histologically, immunohistochemically and by DNA-DNAin situ hybridization. Histology revealed an epidermoid cyst with vacuolated keratinocytes with shrunken nuclei (koilocytes) in the cyst wall...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
Joshua T Byers, Alejandro Mendoza, Daniel Wu, Jason S Kahlon, Xin Qing, Samuel W French
A 34-year old male with a giant condyloma acuminatum of the anus secondary to HIV infection presented to the emergency department with a persistent nose bleed lasting 2-3days, acute anemia, thrombocytopenia, and coagulopathy. The patient also had significant hepatosplenomegaly and elevated liver enzymes which were a new finding since the patient's last hospitalization 1-2month prior to the current admission. A bone marrow biopsy showed diffuse infiltration by carcinoma with neuroendocrine features. The patient quickly developed multi-organ injury, decompensated, and died...
October 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Edward A Fazendin, Alexander J Crean, Jessica M Fazendin, Robert J Kucejko, Harkenwar S Gill, Juan L Poggio, David E Stein
BACKGROUND: The gold standard for surveillance of patients with anal lesions is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to stratify patients for risk of progression of disease and to determine appropriate intervals for surveillance of patients with anal disease. DESIGN: This was a retrospective chart review for patients treated for anal lesions between 2007 and 2014. Only patients with ≥1 year of follow-up from index evaluation, pathology, documented physical examination, and anoscopy findings were included for analysis...
October 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Kengo Horie, Shin Ito, Kyoko Hatazaki, Mitsuru Yasuda, Masahiro Nakano, Kyojiro Kawakami, Yasunori Fujita, Masafumi Ito, Takayuki Ezaki, Takashi Deguchi
We isolated a cryptic genospecies of Haemophilus influenzae referred to as 'Haemophilus quentini' in the urethra of 3 men complaining of urethritis symptoms. H. influenzae strains, which had been isolated from the urethra in 77 of 1518 men complaining of urethritis symptoms, identified by the conventional test, and stored, were re-cultured for this study. Sixty-seven strains surviving storage were screened by a PCR-based assay specific for the cryptic genital Haemophilus genospecies. Three strains (HI09003, HI11006, and HI14016) were screened by PCR and identified as 'H...
January 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
J Feisthammel, J Mössner
In proctology patients can often be helped with very little effort. With knowledge of the most common disease symptoms the treating physician can in many cases correctly recognize the cause of the complaints and initiate the appropriate therapy or arrange referral to a proctological institution. This article aims to briefly and succinctly present the most common diseases in proctology (e.g. mariscae, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, perianal venous thrombosis, abscesses and fistulas, condyloma acuminatum and anal carcinoma) and to provide the treating internist, even outside of gastroenterology, assistance with the management of proctological symptoms...
October 2017: Der Internist
Pankaj Kumar, Neetu Bhari, Vishal Gupta, V G Ramachandran, Sudheer Arava, Lalit Dar, Vinod K Sharma, Kaushal K Verma, Sada N Dwivedi, Somesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: The clinical morphology of anogenital warts may vary from flat, filiform, papular, or verrucous to giant condyloma acuminatum. Clinically atypical-looking genital warts may alarm the clinician because of their suspected malignant potential, which may cause anxiety, often leading to aggressive interventions. OBJECTIVE: To study if clinically atypical-looking anogenital warts are more likely to be premalignant or malignant as compared to typical warts...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
Quan Chen, Ridong Yang, Aili Gao, Daoqing Zhong, Huilan Zhu
The objective of the present study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of high-frequency fulguration combined with 5% imiquimod cream for condyloma acuminatum (CA), and the effect on T cell immune function and serum levels of interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-10. We enrolled 112 patients with CA between January 2014 and January 2016. Patients were randomly divided into the control group (n=56) and observation group (n=56). The control group received high-frequency fulguration combined with intramuscular injection of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin polysaccharide nucleic acid, and the observation group received high-frequency fulguration combined with external application of 5% imiquimod cream...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xiaonan Shao, Fang Wang, Bin Xu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of two-step irradiance schedule in relieving pain during PDT of CA. METHODS: The study was a prospective, controlled trial of 141 CA patients who were randomly divided into Group A (two-step irradiance schedule) and Group B (single-dose cold compress). The numeric rating scales (NRS) of patients' pain were recorded at 5, 10, 15, and 20 minutes during each PDT. RESULTS: The efficacy of PDT and NRS scores of patients in the two groups were compared...
June 22, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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