Read by QxMD icon Read

surgery in Low and middle income countries

Racquel E Kohler, Jared Tomlinson, Tiyamike Eletima Chilunjika, Sven Young, Mina Hosseinipour, Clara N Lee
PURPOSE: Low- and middle-income countries face a disproportionate burden of death and disability from injuries, many of which are due to road traffic accidents or falls. Lower extremity injuries in particular have implications not only for physical disabilities affecting work and school performance, but also for quality of life (QOL) of the individual. This qualitative study explores the psychosocial impact and QOL changes due to lower extremity injuries among trauma patients in central Malawi...
October 22, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Helen J Sims-Williams, Hugh P Sims-Williams, Edith Mbabazi Kabachelor, James Fotheringham, Benjamin C Warf
OBJECTIVE Myelomeningocele (MM) is a neural tube defect complicated by neurological deficits below the level of the spinal lesion and, in many cases, hydrocephalus. Long-term survival of infants treated for MM in a low- and middle-income country has never been reported. This retrospective cohort study reports 10-year outcomes and factors affecting survival for infants undergoing MM repair at CURE Children's Hospital of Uganda. METHODS Patients were traced by telephone or home visit. Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Benjamin B Massenburg, Hillary E Jenny, Saurabh Saluja, John G Meara, Mark G Shrime, Nivaldo Alonso
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) is estimated to occur in 1 out of every 700 births, but for many people residing in low- and middle-income countries this deformity may be repaired late in life or not at all. This study aims to analyze worldwide provider-perceived barriers to the surgical repair of CLP in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: From 2011 to 2014, Smile Train distributed a multiple-choice, voluntary survey to healthcare providers to identify areas of need in CLP care worldwide...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Paola Friedrich, Catherine G Lam, Geetinder Kaur, Elena Itriago, Raul C Ribeiro, Ramandeep S Arora
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing treatment abandonment (TxA) is crucial for bridging the pediatric cancer survival gap between high-income (HIC) and low-and middle-income countries (LMC). In childhood cancer, TxA is defined as failure to start or complete curative cancer therapy and known to be a complex phenomenon. With rising interest on causes and consequences of TxA in LMC, this study aimed to establish the lay-of-the-land regarding determinants of TxA globally, perform and promote comparative research, and raise awareness on this subject...
2016: PloS One
Liesl Zühlke, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Mark E Engel, Sumathy Rangarajan, Pam Mackie, Blanche Cupido, Katya Mauff, Shofiqul Islam, Rezeen Daniels, Veronica Francis, Stephen Ogendo, Bernard Gitura, Charles Mondo, Emmy Okello, Peter Lwabi, Mohammed M Al-Kebsi, Christopher Hugo-Hamman, Sahar S Sheta, Abraham Haileamlak, Wandimu Daniel, Dejuma Yadeta Goshu, Senbeta G Abdissa, Araya G Desta, Bekele A Shasho, Dufera M Begna, Ahmed ElSayed, Ahmed S Ibrahim, John Musuku, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Christopher C Yilgwan, Ganiyu A Amusa, Olukemi Ige, Basil Okeahialam, Christopher Sutton, Rajeev Misra, Azza Abul Fadl, Neil Kennedy, Albertino Damasceno, Mahmoud U Sani, Okechukwu S Ogah, Taiwo Olunuga, Huda ElHassan, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Abiodun M Adeoye, Pindile S Mntla, Dike B Ojji, Joseph Mucumbitsi, Koon Teo, Salim Yusuf, Bongani M Mayosi
BACKGROUND: -There are few contemporary data on the mortality and morbidity associated with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) or information on their predictors. We report the two year follow-up of individuals with RHD from 14 low and middle income countries in Africa and Asia. METHODS: -Between January 2010 and November 2012, we enrolled 3343 patients from 25 centers in 14 countries and followed them for two years to assess mortality, congestive heart failure (CHF), stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), recurrent acute rheumatic fever (ARF), and infective endocarditis (IE)...
October 4, 2016: Circulation
Tinashe Chandauka, Astrid Leusink, Marvin Hsiao, Delawir Kahn, Georges Azzie
While initiatives exist to address the worldwide need for surgeons, none involve a student-driven solution from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In response to falling surgical residency enrolment in South Africa, the students at the University of Cape Town (UCT) founded the UCT Surgical Society and were subsequently instrumental in creating the International Association of Student Surgical Societies (IASSS). The IASSS currently includes 25 societies in 15 countries. Its primary objectives are building sustainable networks for mutually beneficial exchanges, supporting student-driven projects, understanding issues impacting student interest in surgery, promoting global fellowship, creating an elective database and providing assistance to student surgical societies...
October 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Lily Gutnik, Gavin Yamey, Robert Riviello, John G Meara, Anna J Dare, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: The non-profit and volunteer sector has made notable contributions to delivering surgical services in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). As an estimated 55 % of surgical care delivered in some LMICs is via charitable organizations; the financial contributions of this sector provides valuable insight into understanding financing priorities in global surgery. METHODS: Databases of registered charitable organizations in five high-income nations (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand) were searched to identify organizations committed exclusively to surgery in LMICs and their financial data...
2016: SpringerPlus
Kevin E Liang, Ilia Bernstein, Yoko Kato, Takeshi Kawase, Mojgan Hodaie
Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) face a critical shortage of basic surgical services. Adequate neurosurgical services can have a far-reaching positive impact on society's health care and, consequently, the economic development in LMICs. Yet surgery, and specifically neurosurgery has been a long neglected sector of global health. This article reviews the current efforts to enhance neurosurgery education in LMICs and outlines ongoing approaches for improvement. In addition, we introduce the concept of a sustainable and cost-effective model to enhance neurosurgical resources in LMICs and describe the process and methods of online curriculum development...
September 8, 2016: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Frank Edwin, Kow Entsua-Mensah, Lawrence A Sereboe, Mark M Tettey, Ernest A Aniteye, Martin M Tamatey, Innocent Adzamli, Nana Akyaa-Yao, Kofi B Gyan, Ernest Ofosu-Appiah, David Kotei
BACKGROUND: The outcome of children born with conotruncal heart defects may serve as an indication of the status of pediatric cardiac care in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This study was undertaken to determine the outcome of children born with conotruncal anomalies in SSA, regarding access to treatment and outcomes of surgical intervention. METHODS: From our institution in Ghana, we retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of surgery, in the two-year period from June 2013 to May 2015...
September 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
P Niclas Broer, Hillary E Jenny, Joshua S Ng-Kamstra, Sabrina Juran
In September 2015, the international community came together to agree on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a plan of action for people, the planet, and prosperity. Ambitious and far-reaching as they are, they are built on three keystones: the elimination of extreme poverty, fighting climate change, and a commitment to fighting injustice and inequality. Critical to the achievement of the Agenda is the global realization of access to safe, affordable surgical and anesthesia care when needed. The landmark report by the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery estimated that between 28 and 32 percent of the global burden of disease is amenable to surgical treatment...
May 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Laura Macpherson, Maggie Collins
BACKGROUND: Urgent investment in human resources for surgical and anaesthesia care is needed globally. Responsible training and education is required to ensure healthcare providers are confident and skilled in the delivery of this care in both the rural and the urban setting. The Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), a UK-based specialist global health organisation, is working with health training institutions, health professionals, Ministries of Health and Health Partnerships or 'links' between healthcare institutions in the UK and low- or middle-income country (LMIC) counterparts...
August 30, 2016: Tropical Doctor
Bethel Woldu, Gerald S Bloomfield
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a chronic valvular disease resulting after severe or repetitive episodes of acute rheumatic fever (ARF), an autoimmune response to group A Streptococcus infection. RHD has been almost eliminated with improved social and health infrastructure in affluent countries while it remains a neglected disease with major cause of morbidity and mortality in many low- and middle-income countries, and resource-limited regions of high-income countries. Despite our evolving understanding of the pathogenesis of RHD, there have not been any significant advances to prevent or halt progression of disease in recent history...
October 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
Caroline A Yao, Jordan Swanson, Meghan McCullough, Trisa B Taro, Ricardo Gutierrez, Allison Bradshaw, Alex Campbell, William P Magee, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: The emphasis on cultural competency for physicians and surgeons is increasingly important, as communication with both patients and other providers significantly affects individual and system-wide outcomes. International surgical training has been shown to improve leadership skills, cultural competency, and technical proficiency of participants in short-term follow-up. This study explores the long-term impact of international surgical mission experiences on developing participants' core competencies, professional outcomes, and commitment to global health...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Charles Mock
IATSIC is the foremost professional society addressing trauma care globally. How is it doing in meeting the needs of most injured patients? The vast majority (65 %) of trauma deaths occur in the poorer half of the world (low-income and lower-middle-income countries), where injury rates are the highest. IATSIC has accomplished a tremendous amount and has much to be proud of. However, most of its work thus far has been concentrated in the wealthier half of the world (upper-middle-income and high-income countries)...
August 23, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Emma-Louise Aveling, Desalegn Tegabu Zegeye, Michael Silverman
BACKGROUND: Access to safe surgical care represents a critical gap in healthcare delivery and development in many low- and middle-income countries, including Ethiopia. Quality improvement (QI) initiatives at hospital level may contribute to closing this gap. Many such quality improvement initiatives are carried out through international health partnerships. Better understanding of how to optimise quality improvement in low-income settings is needed, including through partnership-based approaches...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Christopher Hughes, Jacob Campbell, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Susan McCormack, Richard Silverman, Janice Lalikos, Alan Babigian, Charles Castiglione
OBJECTIVE: Reconstructive surgical care can play a vital role in the resource-poor settings of low- and middle-income countries. Telemedicine platforms can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of surgical care. The purpose of this study is to determine whether remote digital video evaluations are reliable in the context of a short-term plastic surgical intervention. SETTING: The setting for this study was a district hospital located in Latacunga, Ecuador. PATIENTS: Participants were 27 consecutive patients who presented for operative repair of cleft lip and palate...
July 18, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Lucas C Carlson, Barclay T Stewart, Kristin W Hatcher, Charles Kabetu, Richard VanderBurg, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: There is a significant unmet need for the cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) ; however, country-level estimates that can be used to inform local and international cleft care program strategies are lacking. METHODS: Using data from Operation Smile surgical programs in twelve LMICs and country-level indicators from the World Health Organization and World Bank, we developed a model to estimate the proportion of individuals with CL/Ps older than respective surgery age targets for cleft lip and cleft palate surgery (1 and 2 years, respectively)...
July 14, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Francis G Fowkes, Rachel Forster, Carol E Levin, Nadraj G Naidoo, Ambuj Roy, Chang Shu, John Spertus, Kun Fang, Luis Bechara-Zamudio, Mariella Catalano, Adriana Visona, Sigrid Nikol, John P Fletcher, Michael R Jaff, William R Hiatt, Lars Norgren
Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) is increasing in prevalence in low- and middle-income countries creating a large health care burden. Clinical management may require substantial resources but little consideration has been given to which treatments are appropriate for less advantaged countries. The aim of this review was to systematically appraise published data on the costs and effectiveness of PAD treatments used commonly in high-income countries, and for an international consensus panel to review that information and propose a hierarchy of treatments relevant to low- and middle-income countries...
July 7, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Kathleen M O'Neill, Sarah L M Greenberg, Meena Cherian, Rowan D Gillies, Kimberly M Daniels, Nobhojit Roy, Nakul P Raykar, Johanna N Riesel, David Spiegel, David A Watters, Russell L Gruen
BACKGROUND: Surgical conditions represent a significant proportion of the global burden of disease, and therefore, surgery is an essential component of health systems. Achieving universal health coverage requires effective monitoring of access to surgery. However, there is no widely accepted standard for the required capabilities of a first-level hospital. We aimed to determine whether a group of operations could be used to describe the delivery of essential surgical care. METHODS: We convened an expert panel to identify procedures that might indicate the presence of resources needed to treat an appropriate range of surgical conditions at first-level hospitals...
November 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Barclay T Stewart, Gavin Tansley, Adam Gyedu, Anthony Ofosu, Peter Donkor, Ebenezer Appiah-Denkyira, Robert Quansah, Damian L Clarke, Jimmy Volmink, Charles Mock
IMPORTANCE: Conditions that can be treated by surgery comprise more than 16% of the global disease burden. However, 5 billion people do not have access to essential surgical care. An estimated 90% of the 87 million disability-adjusted life-years incurred by surgical conditions could be averted by providing access to timely and safe surgery in low-income and middle-income countries. Population-level spatial access to essential surgery in Ghana is not known. OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of bellwether procedures (ie, open fracture repair, emergency laparotomy, and cesarean section) as a proxy for performing essential surgery more broadly, to map population-level spatial access to essential surgery, and to identify first-level referral hospitals that would most improve access to essential surgery if strengthened in Ghana...
August 17, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"