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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551873/achromobacter-panacis-sp-nov-isolated-from-rhizosphere-of-panax-ginseng
#1
Priyanka Singh, Yeon Ju Kim, Hina Singh, Mohamed El-Agamy Farh, Deok-Chun Yang
A novel strain DCY105(T) was isolated from soil collected from the rhizosphere of ginseng (Panax ginseng), in Gochang, Republic of Korea. Strain DCY105(T) is Gram-reaction-negative, white, non-motile, non-flagellate, rod-shaped and aerobic. The bacteria grow optimally at 30°C, pH 6.5-7.0 and in the absence of NaCl. Phylogenetically, strain DCY105(T) is most closely related to Achromobacter marplatensis LMG 26219(T) (96.81%). The DNA G+C content of strain DCY105(T) was 64.4 mol%. Ubiquinone 8 was the major respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and diphosphatidylglycerol were amongst the major polar lipids...
June 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551834/increased-bone-tracer-uptake-in-symptomatic-patients-with-acl-graft-insufficiency-a-correlation-of-mri-and-spect-ct-findings
#2
Dominic T Mathis, Anna Hirschmann, Anna L Falkowski, Tommi Kiekara, Felix Amsler, Helmut Rasch, Michael T Hirschmann
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and single-photon emission computerised tomography/computerised tomography (SPECT/CT) are used as diagnostic tools in symptomatic patients after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The benefit of SPECT/CT in comparison with MRI is under debate. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether and how bone tracer uptake (BTU) intensity and distribution in SPECT/CT correlate with MRI findings in symptomatic patients after ACL reconstruction...
May 27, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551724/the-rate-of-adherence-to-urate-lowering-therapy-and-associated-factors-in-chinese-gout-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Rulan Yin, Haixia Cao, Ting Fu, Qiuxiang Zhang, Lijuan Zhang, Liren Li, Zhifeng Gu
The aim of this study was to assess adherence rate and predictors of non-adherence with urate-lowering therapy (ULT) in Chinese gout patients. A cross-sectional study was administered to 125 gout patients using the Compliance Questionnaire on Rheumatology (CQR) for adherence to ULT. Patients were asked to complete the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication version II, Health Assessment Questionnaire, Confidence in Gout Treatment Questionnaire, Gout Knowledge Questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey...
May 27, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551698/glucose-metabolism-during-rotational-shift-work-in-healthcare-workers
#4
Anu Sharma, Marcello C Laurenti, Chiara Dalla Man, Ron T Varghese, Claudio Cobelli, Robert A Rizza, Aleksey Matveyenko, Adrian Vella
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Shift-work is associated with circadian rhythm disruption and an increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. We sought to determine the effect of rotational shift-work on glucose metabolism in humans. METHODS: We studied 12 otherwise healthy nurses performing rotational shift-work using a randomised crossover study design. On each occasion, participants underwent an isotope-labelled mixed meal test during a simulated day shift and a simulated night shift, enabling simultaneous measurement of glucose flux and beta cell function using the oral minimal model...
May 27, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551694/-association-of-the-meaning-of-life-with-satisfaction-the-occurrence-of-subjective-complaints-and-the-family-s-economic-status-in-the-population-of-lower-secondary-school-students
#5
Dorota Zawadzka, Magdalena Stalmach, Anna Oblacińska, Izabela Tabak
INTRODUCTION: Feeling of meaning in life is extremely crucial factor of mental health. The lack of it can result in various disorders. Many authors, especially those connected with current of humanistic psychology underline the teenagers' life sense. THE AIM: The aim of the paper was to examine the level of satisfaction with life, the frequency of psychosomatic complaints by junior high school students as well as the estimation of economical status of family and the analysis of meaning in life with above mentioned factors...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551659/chronic-periodontitis-does-not-impact-serum-levels-of-prostate-specific-antigen
#6
Stephan Kruck, Jörg Hennenlotter, Bastian Amend, Maya Geiger, Elitsa Filipova, Tim Neumann, Viktoria Stühler, Tina Schubert, Tilman Todenhöfer, Steffen Rausch, Fabian Huettig, Arnulf Stenzl, Jens Bedke
BACKGROUND/AIM: Chronic periodontitis (CP) has already been associated with altered PSA values in men undergoing biopsy. This study addressed the impact of CP treatment on PSA screening. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-two asymptomatic men presenting for CP treatment were prospectively enrolled. Total (t)PSA, free (f)PSA and %PSA were determined (n=47) before and after therapy. Pre- and post-therapy values were correlated pairwise regarding patients and dental characteristics...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551578/toxicity-of-organic-uv-filters-to-the-aquatic-midge-chironomus-riparius
#7
Diana Campos, Carlos Gravato, Carla Quintaneiro, Oksana Golovko, Vladimír Žlábek, Amadeu M V M Soares, João L T Pestana
Despite the frequent detection of organic ultraviolet-filters (UV-filters) in freshwater sediments, there is a lack of ecotoxicological data undermining a correct risk assessment for these emerging contaminants. The present study assessed the effects of three of the most commonly used UV-filters (benzophenone-3 - BP3; 3-(4-methylbenzylidene)camphor - 4-MBC and octocrylene - OC) on Chironomus riparius life history and biochemical responses. Standard ecotoxicological assays confirmed that all compounds impaired growth of C...
May 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551577/bioactive-growth-hormone-in-older-men-and-women-it-s-relationship-to-immune-markers-and-healthspan
#8
William J Kraemer, Mary J Kennett, Andrea M Mastro, Roger J McCarter, Connie J Rogers, William H DuPont, Shawn D Flanagan, William J Turbitt, Maren S Fragala, Emily M Post, Wesley C Hymer
OBJECTIVE: The consequences of age-related decline in the somatotropic axis of humans are complex and remain largely unresolved. We tested the hypothesis that hGH measurements of plasma by bioassay vs immunoassay from samples obtained from free-living, elderly individuals would reveal a dichotomy in GH activities that are correlated with the functional status of the donors, i.e. their healthspan. DESIGN: Forty-one men and women of advanced age (men: N=16, age, 80...
May 8, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551468/effects-of-different-movement-modes-on-plantar-pressure-distribution-patterns-in-obese-and-non-obese-chinese-children
#9
Yan Song-Hua, Wang Lu, Zhang Kuan
Walking, slow running (jogging) and fast running often occur in daily life, Physical Education Class and Physical Fitness Test for children. However, potential impact of jogging and running on plantar pressure of children is not clear. The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of plantar pressure distribution patterns in obese and non-obese children during walking, jogging and running, and evaluate biomechanical effects of three movements on obese children. A 2-m footscan plantar pressure plate (RSscan International, Belgium) was used to collect the gait data of 20 obese children (10...
May 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551416/validation-of-a-thermal-threshold-nociceptive-model-in-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps
#10
Émilie L Couture, Beatriz P Monteiro, Jessica Aymen, Eric Troncy, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVES: To validate a thermal threshold (TT) nociceptive model in bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) and to document TT changes after administration of morphine. STUDY DESIGN: A two-part randomized, blinded, controlled, experimental study. ANIMALS: Five adult bearded dragons (242-396 g). METHODS: A TT device delivered a ramped nociceptive stimulus (0.6 °C second(-1)) to the medial thigh until a response (leg kick/escape behavior) was observed or maximum (cut-off) temperature of 62 °C was reached...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551413/applying-the-chicken-embryo-chorioallantoic-membrane-assay-to-study-treatment-approaches-in-urothelial-carcinoma
#11
Margaretha A Skowron, Anuja Sathe, Andrea Romano, Michèle J Hoffmann, Wolfgang A Schulz, Gommert A van Koeveringe, Peter Albers, Roman Nawroth, Günter Niegisch
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of novel treatment options demands valid preclinical screening models for urothelial carcinoma (UC). The translational value of high-throughput drug testing using 2-dimensional (2D) cultures is limited while for xenograft models handling efforts and costs often become prohibitive for larger-scale drug testing. Therefore, we investigated to which extent the chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay might provide an alternative model to study antineoplastic treatment approaches for UC...
May 25, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551393/content-specificity-of-attentional-bias-to-threat-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#12
A Zinchenko, M M Al-Amin, M M Alam, W Mahmud, N Kabir, H M Reza, T H J Burne
BACKGROUND: Attentional bias to affective information and reduced cognitive control may maintain the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and impair cognitive functioning. However, the role of content specificity of affective stimuli (e.g., trauma-related, emotional trauma-unrelated) in the observed attentional bias and cognitive control is less clear, as this has not been tested simultaneously before. Therefore, we examined the content specificity of attentional bias to threat in PTSD...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551325/predictors-of-overall-and-recurrence-free-survival-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-gastroesophageal-adenocarcinoma-pooled-analysis-of-individual-patient-data-ipd-from-randomized-controlled-trials-rcts
#13
U Ronellenfitsch, M Schwarzbach, R Hofheinz, P Kienle, K Nowak, M Kieser, T E Slanger, B Burmeister, D Kelsen, D Niedzwiecki, C Schuhmacher, S Urba, C van de Velde, T N Walsh, M Ychou, K Jensen
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy improves prognosis of patients with locally advanced gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for postoperative survival following neoadjuvant therapy. These could be useful in deciding about postoperative continuation of chemotherapy. METHODS: This meta-analysis used IPD from RCTs comparing neoadjuvant chemotherapy with surgery alone for gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma. Trials providing IPD on age, sex, performance status, pT/N stage, resection status, overall and recurrence-free survival were included...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551315/prevalence-of-exercise-addiction-symptomology-and-disordered-eating-in-australian-students-studying-nutrition-and-dietetics
#14
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa Anne Martin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported the existence of disordered eating in students studying nutrition and dietetics. However, the occurrence of exercise addiction, previously linked to disordered eating, is poorly understood in this group. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of exercise addiction and the association with disordered eating in a sample of students studying nutrition and dietetics...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551059/-post-operative-pain-after-ultrasound-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-versus-trocar-site-infiltration-in-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-a-prospective-study
#15
Ana M Araújo, Joana Guimarães, Catarina S Nunes, Paula S Couto, Eduarda Amadeu
BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is useful in reducing post-operative pain in laparoscopic nephrectomy compared to placebo. The purpose of this work is to compare post-operative pain and recovery after TAP block or trocar site infiltration (TSI) in this surgery. METHODS: A prospective, single blinded study on patients scheduled for laparoscopic nephrectomy. Patients were assigned to two groups: TSI Group: trocar site infiltration at the end of surgery; TAP Group: unilateral ultrasound-guided TAP block after induction...
May 24, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551057/-postoperative-excessive-blood-loss-after-cardiac-surgery-can-be-predicted-with-international-society-on-thrombosis-and-hemostasis-scoring-system
#16
Yoon Ji Choi, Seung Zhoo Yoon, Beom Joon Joo, Jung Man Lee, Yun-Seok Jeon, Young Jin Lim, Jong Hwan Lee, Hyuk Ahn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Prediction of postoperative excessive blood loss is useful for management of Intensive Care Unit after cardiac surgery. The aim of present study was to examine the effectiveness of International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis scoring system in patients with cardiac surgery. METHOD: After obtaining approval from the institutional review board, the medical records of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery using Cardio-Pulmonary Bypass between March 2010 and February 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 24, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551022/the-relationship-between-post-traumatic-ossicular-injuries-and-conductive-hearing-loss-a-3d-ct-study
#17
Olivier Maillot, Arnaud Attyé, Claire Boutet, Kamel Boubagra, Romain Perolat, Marion Zanolla, Sylvie Grand, Sébastien Schmerber, Alexandre Krainik
PURPOSE: After a trauma, the conductive ossicular chain may be disrupted by ossicular luxation or fracture. Recent developments in 3D-CT allow a better understanding of ossicular injuries. In this retrospective study, we compared patients with post-traumatic conductive hearing loss (CHL) with those referred without CHL to evaluate the relationship between ossicular injuries and CHL. We also assessed the added value of 3D reconstructions on 2D-CT scan to detect ossicular lesions in patients surgically managed...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550928/effectiveness-of-continuous-wound-infusion-of-local-anesthetics-after-abdominal-surgeries
#18
Baskaran Dhanapal, Sarath Chandra Sistla, Ashok Shankar Badhe, Sheikh Manwar Ali, Niranjan T Ravichandran, Indira Galidevara
BACKGROUND: To assess the effectiveness of continuous preperitoneal wound infusion of local anesthetic drug bupivacaine in providing pain relief, reducing opioid consumption, and enhancing postoperative recovery. METHODS: Eligible patients were randomly allocated to two groups (study group: bupivacaine and control group: normal saline). There were 47 patients in each group. The patients received continuous infusion of either 0.25% bupivacaine or 0.9% normal saline at 6 mL/h, for 48 h, based on their group allocation, through a multiholed wound infiltration catheter placed preperitoneally...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550816/designing-an-hcv-vaccine-a-unique-convergence-of-prevention-and-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Christopher M Walker
Direct acting antivirals can cure chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection but whether they will reduce global liver disease burden is uncertain. Most chronic infections are undiagnosed and transmission has increased in recent years. The first trial of a preventive vaccine is now underway in humans at risk for HCV infection. It will test the novel hypothesis that T cell-mediated immunity alone can prevent persistent HCV infection. Another vaccine that elicits neutralizing antibodies is at an advanced stage of development...
May 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550793/acute-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-treatment-enhances-extinction-memory-in-male-rats
#20
L Y Maeng, M B Taha, K K Cover, S S Glynn, M Murillo, K Lebron-Milad, M R Milad
Leuprolide acetate (LEU), also known as Lupron, is commonly used to treat prostate cancer in men. As a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor agonist, it initially stimulates the release of gonadal hormones, testosterone (T) and estradiol. This surge eventually suppresses these hormones, preventing the further growth and spread of cancer cells. Individuals receiving this treatment often report anxiety and cognitive changes, but LEU's effects on the neural mechanisms that are involved in anxiety during the trajectory of treatment are not well known...
May 17, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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