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Physical activity, emotion, elderly

Joris A de Graaf, Maria L van Mierlo, Marcel W M Post, Wilco P Achterberg, L Jaap Kappelle, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
PURPOSE: This study aims to (1) assess differences in participation restrictions between stroke survivors aged under and over 70 years and (2) identify predictors associated with favorable and unfavorable long-term participation in both age groups. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in which 326 patients were assessed at stroke onset, two months and one year after stroke. The Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-Participation) was used to measure participation restrictions one year after stroke...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
J Shanahan, L Coman, F Ryan, J Saunders, K O'Sullivan, O Ni Bhriain, A M Clifford
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine if older adults regularly participating in Irish set dancing have superior balance, physical fitness and quality of life compared to age-matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a community-based, observational cross-sectional design. METHODS: Regular set dancers (n = 39) and age-matched controls (n = 33) were recruited. Participants were assessed using the physical activity scale for the elderly (physical activity levels), mini-BESTest (balance) and senior fitness test (battery of functional fitness tests)...
December 2016: Public Health
Elizabeth P Howard, John N Morris, Knight Steel, Kelley A Strout, Brant E Fries, Alice Moore, Vjenka Garms-Homolová
Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool...
2016: BioMed Research International
Gary Cheung, Siobhan Edwards, Frederick Sundram
OBJECTIVE: Death wishes in older people are common and may progress to suicidal ideation and attempts. This study used routinely collected data from the interRAI Home Care assessment to examine the prevalence and clinical predictors of death wishes in older New Zealanders assessed for home support and long-term aged residential care. METHODS: Data were collected from 35 734 people aged over 65 during 2012-2014. Chi-squared analyses were used to determine significant relationships between the presence of death wishes and demographic factors, health and functional status, and emotional and psychosocial well-being...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Laura Rubio, Cristina G Dumitrache, Alfonso J García, Eulogio Cordón-Pozo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the combined effect of socio-demographic characteristics and activity level on coping strategies and to test which of these variables has a greater impact on coping. METHOD: A sample of 243 men and women aged 55-99 years old was selected from different elderly activity centers in Granada, Spain, using a convenience sampling. Associations between eight coping strategies measured by Coping Strategies Inventory and the above mentioned variables were examined using a Multiple Indicator and Multiple Causes model...
November 2, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Jeffrey Wilcox Christle, Anna Schlumberger, Bernhard Haller, Rainer Gloeckl, Martin Halle, Axel Pressler
PURPOSE: Important goals of cardiac rehabilitation maintenance programs (CMP) are to increase leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Elderly patients with cardiac disease and low exercise capacity are simultaneously the most severely affected and have the most to gain from exercise-based rehabilitation. Individualized combined exercise (ICE) may be an effective modality to achieve these goals. We compared six months of ICE to CMP in their effects on LTPA and HRQoL...
October 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Ting-Yu Chen, Hsing-Yi Chang
Previous research has discussed the factors associated with cognitive impairment, but the patterns of its development have been little described. Our aim was to examine long-term development of cognitive function and the related factors using longitudinal follow-up data. A group-based trajectory model and multinomial logistic regression were applied to identify trajectories and the associated baseline factors, and a mixed model was used to identify the time-varying factors associated with the trajectories. Three trajectories were identified: starting low and declining (30...
2016: Scientific Reports
M Teresa Rodríguez-Díaz, M Nieves Pérez-Marfil, Francisco Cruz-Quintana
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to design and implement an intervention program centered on preventing functional dependence. METHODS: A pre/post quasi-experimental (typical case) design study with a control group was conducted on a group of 75-90-year-old individuals with functional dependence (n = 59) at three nursing homes in Madrid (Spain). The intervention program consists of two types of activities developed simultaneously. Some focused on emotional well-being (nine 90-minute sessions, once per week), whereas others focused on improving participants' physical condition (two 30-minute sessions, twice per week)...
September 8, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Bellafiore, Marianna Alesi, Antonio Paoli, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown the positive effects of adapted physical activity (APA) on physical and mental health (MH) during the lifetime. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific APA intervention program in the improvement of the health-related quality of life (QOL) and functional condition of spine in elderly women. METHODS: Thirty women were recruited from a senior center and randomly assigned to two groups: control group (CG; age: 69...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
P Baier, G Ihorst, G Wolff-Vorbeck, M Hüll, U Hopt, B Deschler
AIMS: Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) provides information on aspects of older patients to predict risks and benefits of interventions. METHODS: To evaluate the application of CGA (including quality of life (QOL)) for the risk prediction of postoperative dependence and QOL in elderly patients with malignant tumours, a prospective observational study including 200 patients >70 years was performed. The primary outcome was postoperative activities of daily living (ADL < 95), secondary outcome was QOL at 6 months...
December 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Hui Xie, Cheng Cheng, Yisheng Tao, Jie Zhang, Delprino Robert, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su
BACKGROUND: Inadequate studies have been conducted in China to examine quality of life in family caregivers. Quality of life in family caregivers for elderly people with chronic diseases was evaluated, and the demographic and characteristic factors of both elderly people and their caregivers were explored. METHODS: The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used to assess health-related quality of life in 407 family caregivers caring for elderly people with chronic diseases in six communities on the Mainland China...
July 6, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Grégory Ben-Sadoun, Guillaume Sacco, Valeria Manera, Jérémy Bourgeois, Alexandra König, Pierre Foulon, Baptiste Fosty, François Bremond, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville, Philippe Robert
BACKGROUND: The use of Serious exerGames (SeG) as enriched environments (EE), which promotes cognitive simulation with physical activity in a positive emotional context, has been proposed to represent a powerful method to slow down the decline due to neurodegenerative diseases (ND), such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, so far, no SeG targeting EE has been tested in ND subjects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at evaluating the usability and short-term training effects of X-Torp, an action SeG designed for elderly ND subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Lan Wang, Linlin Yang, Lulu Yu, Mei Song, Xiaochuan Zhao, Yuanyuan Gao, Keyan Han, Cuixia An, Shunjiang Xu, Xueyi Wang
This study aimed to investigate the role of early traumatic experiences in development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Chinese elderly people. Seventy six patients and 61 controls were selected and assigned into two study groups, MCI and control, respectively. Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) was used for assessment of early trauma, episodic memory and association learning scales for memory evaluation. In addition, event-related potentials (ERPs) were measured using electroencephalography (EEG) to indicate brain electrical activity of subjects during memory/cognitive tests...
August 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Jacqueline Lacerda, Matheus Rodrigues Lopes, Douglas Patriota Ferreira, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Patricia Favaro
BACKGROUND: The rapid increase in the aged population has resulted in a growing number of cases of chronic diseases. This increase is an important demographic change that low- and middle-income countries have to face and poses a new challenge to health services. One of the first steps to formulate public policies is to understand the reality of each country's aging population. This study describes the prevalence of anemia, hypertension and diabetes and the overall health status in pre-elderly and elderly subjects enrolled in two primary health care clinics, Eldorado and Piraporinha, in the city of Diadema, São Paulo...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Teck C Tan, Xiao Gao, Bernard Y-H Thong, Khai P Leong, Tsui Y Lian, Weng G Law, Kok O Kong, Hwee S Howe, Hiok H Chng, Ee-Tzun Koh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic characteristics, clinical features, functional status and quality of life of elderly-onset (EORA) and young-onset (YORA) rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in an Asian cohort. METHODS: We studied all RA patients in our prospective disease registry, utilizing baseline data. EORA was defined as disease onset at 60 years or older. We collected data from January 2001 to December 2012. RESULTS: There were 1206 patients in our cohort, of which 178 (14...
May 2, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Naveen Salins, Jayita Deodhar, Mary Ann Muckaden
INTRODUCTION: Family satisfaction of Intensive Care Unit (FS-ICU) care is believed to be associated with ICU survival and ICU outcomes. A review of literature was done to determine factors influencing FS-ICU care in ICU deaths. RESULTS: Factors that positively influenced FS-ICU care were (a) communication: Honesty, accuracy, active listening, emphatic statements, consistency, and clarity; (b) family support: Respect, compassion, courtesy, considering family needs and wishes, and emotional and spiritual support; (c) family meetings: Meaningful explanation and frequency of meetings; (d) decision-making: Shared decision-making; (e) end of life care support: Support during foregoing life-sustaining interventions and staggered withdrawal of life support; (f) ICU environment: Flexibility of visiting hours and safe hospital environment; and (g) other factors: Control of pain and physical symptoms, palliative care consultation, and family-centered care...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Capucine Morélot-Panzini, Hélène Gilet, Bernard Aguilaniu, Philippe Devillier, Alain Didier, Thierry Perez, Christophe Pignier, Benoit Arnould, Thomas Similowski
Dyspnoea is a prominent symptom of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recent multidimensional dyspnoea questionnaires like the Multidimensional Dyspnea Profile (MDP) individualise the sensory and affective dimensions of dyspnoea. We tested the MDP in COPD outpatients based on the hypothesis that the importance of the affective dimension of dyspnoea would vary according to clinical characteristics.A multicentre, prospective, observational, real-life study was conducted in 276 patients. MDP data were compared across various categories of patients (modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnoea score, COPD Assessment Test (CAT) score, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) airflow obstruction categories, GOLD "ABCD" categories, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS))...
June 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Pegah Mosannen Mozafari, Maryam Amirchaghmaghi, Amir Moeintaghavi, Mohammad Khajedaluee, Mojtaba Dorri, Niloufar Koohestanian, Leila Sadat Abasianhoseini
BACKGROUND: A good quality of life in elderly population is related to different aspects of health including oral health. The aim of this study was to determine oral health-related quality of life (OHR-QoL) in elderly patients referred for dental or oro-maxillo-facial complaints to Mashhad dental school (MDS) and compare them with a group of normal population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 99 patients from MDS (as case group) and 114 elderly people as control were enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Rainbow Tin Hung Ho, Jacob Kai Ki Cheung, Wai Chi Chan, Irene Kit Man Cheung, Linda Chiu Wah Lam
BACKGROUND: Dementia is characterized by a progressive decline and deterioration of brain regions such as memory, spatial navigation and language, along with disturbances in daily functioning. Non-pharmacological interventions that offer a holistic approach by targeting cognitive functioning, prognosis and the psychological and social effects of dementia require rigorous investigation. The well-established benefits of physical activity for cognitive functioning and psychological support in dementia have been observed with dance-movement intervention...
October 19, 2015: BMC Geriatrics
Liliana Giraldo-Rodríguez, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco, Dolores Mino-León
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of self-reported abuse in elderly Mexican adults with long-term disabilities and to identify associated risk factors. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Perception of Disability in Mexican Population 2010 survey. SETTING: Mexico. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older with long-term disabilities without cognitive decline (N = 1,089). MEASUREMENTS: The elder abuse variable was constructed from the 21 questions included in the survey that assessed the presence of physical, psychological, sexual, and financial exploitation...
August 2015: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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