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Physical activity, emotion, elderly

Ting-Yu Chen, Hsing-Yi Chang
Previous research has discussed the factors associated with cognitive impairment, but the patterns of its development have been little described. Our aim was to examine long-term development of cognitive function and the related factors using longitudinal follow-up data. A group-based trajectory model and multinomial logistic regression were applied to identify trajectories and the associated baseline factors, and a mixed model was used to identify the time-varying factors associated with the trajectories. Three trajectories were identified: starting low and declining (30...
2016: Scientific Reports
M Teresa Rodríguez-Díaz, M Nieves Pérez-Marfil, Francisco Cruz-Quintana
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to design and implement an intervention program centered on preventing functional dependence. METHODS: A pre/post quasi-experimental (typical case) design study with a control group was conducted on a group of 75-90-year-old individuals with functional dependence (n = 59) at three nursing homes in Madrid (Spain). The intervention program consists of two types of activities developed simultaneously. Some focused on emotional well-being (nine 90-minute sessions, once per week), whereas others focused on improving participants' physical condition (two 30-minute sessions, twice per week)...
September 8, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Bellafiore, Marianna Alesi, Antonio Paoli, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown the positive effects of adapted physical activity (APA) on physical and mental health (MH) during the lifetime. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific APA intervention program in the improvement of the health-related quality of life (QOL) and functional condition of spine in elderly women. METHODS: Thirty women were recruited from a senior center and randomly assigned to two groups: control group (CG; age: 69...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
P Baier, G Ihorst, G Wolff-Vorbeck, M Hüll, U Hopt, B Deschler
AIMS: Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) provides information on aspects of older patients to predict risks and benefits of interventions. METHODS: To evaluate the application of CGA (including quality of life (QOL)) for the risk prediction of postoperative dependence and QOL in elderly patients with malignant tumours, a prospective observational study including 200 patients >70 years was performed. The primary outcome was postoperative activities of daily living (ADL < 95), secondary outcome was QOL at 6 months...
July 30, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Hui Xie, Cheng Cheng, Yisheng Tao, Jie Zhang, Delprino Robert, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su
BACKGROUND: Inadequate studies have been conducted in China to examine quality of life in family caregivers. Quality of life in family caregivers for elderly people with chronic diseases was evaluated, and the demographic and characteristic factors of both elderly people and their caregivers were explored. METHODS: The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used to assess health-related quality of life in 407 family caregivers caring for elderly people with chronic diseases in six communities on the Mainland China...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Grégory Ben-Sadoun, Guillaume Sacco, Valeria Manera, Jérémy Bourgeois, Alexandra König, Pierre Foulon, Baptiste Fosty, François Bremond, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville, Philippe Robert
BACKGROUND: The use of Serious exerGames (SeG) as enriched environments (EE), which promotes cognitive simulation with physical activity in a positive emotional context, has been proposed to represent a powerful method to slow down the decline due to neurodegenerative diseases (ND), such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, so far, no SeG targeting EE has been tested in ND subjects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at evaluating the usability and short-term training effects of X-Torp, an action SeG designed for elderly ND subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Lan Wang, Linlin Yang, Lulu Yu, Mei Song, Xiaochuan Zhao, Yuanyuan Gao, Keyan Han, Cuixia An, Shunjiang Xu, Xueyi Wang
This study aimed to investigate the role of early traumatic experiences in development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Chinese elderly people. Seventy six patients and 61 controls were selected and assigned into two study groups, MCI and control, respectively. Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) was used for assessment of early trauma, episodic memory and association learning scales for memory evaluation. In addition, event-related potentials (ERPs) were measured using electroencephalography (EEG) to indicate brain electrical activity of subjects during memory/cognitive tests...
August 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Jacqueline Lacerda, Matheus Rodrigues Lopes, Douglas Patriota Ferreira, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Patricia Favaro
BACKGROUND: The rapid increase in the aged population has resulted in a growing number of cases of chronic diseases. This increase is an important demographic change that low- and middle-income countries have to face and poses a new challenge to health services. One of the first steps to formulate public policies is to understand the reality of each country's aging population. This study describes the prevalence of anemia, hypertension and diabetes and the overall health status in pre-elderly and elderly subjects enrolled in two primary health care clinics, Eldorado and Piraporinha, in the city of Diadema, São Paulo...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Teck C Tan, Xiao Gao, Bernard Y-H Thong, Khai P Leong, Tsui Y Lian, Weng G Law, Kok O Kong, Hwee S Howe, Hiok H Chng, Ee-Tzun Koh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic characteristics, clinical features, functional status and quality of life of elderly-onset (EORA) and young-onset (YORA) rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in an Asian cohort. METHODS: We studied all RA patients in our prospective disease registry, utilizing baseline data. EORA was defined as disease onset at 60 years or older. We collected data from January 2001 to December 2012. RESULTS: There were 1206 patients in our cohort, of which 178 (14...
May 2, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Naveen Salins, Jayita Deodhar, Mary Ann Muckaden
INTRODUCTION: Family satisfaction of Intensive Care Unit (FS-ICU) care is believed to be associated with ICU survival and ICU outcomes. A review of literature was done to determine factors influencing FS-ICU care in ICU deaths. RESULTS: Factors that positively influenced FS-ICU care were (a) communication: Honesty, accuracy, active listening, emphatic statements, consistency, and clarity; (b) family support: Respect, compassion, courtesy, considering family needs and wishes, and emotional and spiritual support; (c) family meetings: Meaningful explanation and frequency of meetings; (d) decision-making: Shared decision-making; (e) end of life care support: Support during foregoing life-sustaining interventions and staggered withdrawal of life support; (f) ICU environment: Flexibility of visiting hours and safe hospital environment; and (g) other factors: Control of pain and physical symptoms, palliative care consultation, and family-centered care...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Capucine Morélot-Panzini, Hélène Gilet, Bernard Aguilaniu, Philippe Devillier, Alain Didier, Thierry Perez, Christophe Pignier, Benoit Arnould, Thomas Similowski
Dyspnoea is a prominent symptom of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recent multidimensional dyspnoea questionnaires like the Multidimensional Dyspnea Profile (MDP) individualise the sensory and affective dimensions of dyspnoea. We tested the MDP in COPD outpatients based on the hypothesis that the importance of the affective dimension of dyspnoea would vary according to clinical characteristics.A multicentre, prospective, observational, real-life study was conducted in 276 patients. MDP data were compared across various categories of patients (modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnoea score, COPD Assessment Test (CAT) score, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) airflow obstruction categories, GOLD "ABCD" categories, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS))...
June 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Pegah Mosannen Mozafari, Maryam Amirchaghmaghi, Amir Moeintaghavi, Mohammad Khajedaluee, Mojtaba Dorri, Niloufar Koohestanian, Leila Sadat Abasianhoseini
BACKGROUND: A good quality of life in elderly population is related to different aspects of health including oral health. The aim of this study was to determine oral health-related quality of life (OHR-QoL) in elderly patients referred for dental or oro-maxillo-facial complaints to Mashhad dental school (MDS) and compare them with a group of normal population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 99 patients from MDS (as case group) and 114 elderly people as control were enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Rainbow Tin Hung Ho, Jacob Kai Ki Cheung, Wai Chi Chan, Irene Kit Man Cheung, Linda Chiu Wah Lam
BACKGROUND: Dementia is characterized by a progressive decline and deterioration of brain regions such as memory, spatial navigation and language, along with disturbances in daily functioning. Non-pharmacological interventions that offer a holistic approach by targeting cognitive functioning, prognosis and the psychological and social effects of dementia require rigorous investigation. The well-established benefits of physical activity for cognitive functioning and psychological support in dementia have been observed with dance-movement intervention...
2015: BMC Geriatrics
Liliana Giraldo-Rodríguez, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco, Dolores Mino-León
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of self-reported abuse in elderly Mexican adults with long-term disabilities and to identify associated risk factors. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Perception of Disability in Mexican Population 2010 survey. SETTING: Mexico. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older with long-term disabilities without cognitive decline (N = 1,089). MEASUREMENTS: The elder abuse variable was constructed from the 21 questions included in the survey that assessed the presence of physical, psychological, sexual, and financial exploitation...
August 2015: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Priscila Yukari Sewo Sampaio, Ricardo Aurélio Carvalho Sampaio, Hélio José Coelho Júnior, Luis Felipe M Teixeira, Vitor D Tessutti, Marco Carlos Uchida, Hidenori Arai
AIM: To investigate the lifestyles, physical performance and quality of life (QOL) of frail and robust Brazilian community-dwelling older women, and to identify risk factors for frailty. METHODS: Frailty was assessed using the Kihon Checklist. Lifestyles were assessed using a questionnaire. Physical performance was assessed by measuring walking speeds, performance on the one-leg stand test and the five-times chair stand test and handgrip strength. QOL was assessed using the Short Form-8 questionnaire...
July 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
G House, G Burdea, K Polistico, D Roll, J Kim, N Grampurohit, F Damiani, S Keeler, J Hundal, S Pollack
PURPOSE: To describe the novel BrightArm Duo bimanual upper extremity (UE) rehabilitation system; to determine its technology acceptance and clinical benefit for older hemiplegic participants. METHODS: The system table tilted to adjust arm gravity loading. Participants wore arm supports that sensed grasp strength and wrist position on the table. Wrist weights further increased shoulder exertion. Games were designed to improve UE strength, motor function, cognition and emotive state and adapted automatically to each participant...
November 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Jin Hwan Oh, Yeo Jin Yi, Chul Jin Shin, Cheonshu Park, Sangseung Kang, Jaehong Kim, In Sook Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects on cognitive function, depression, and activities of daily living of Silver-Care-Robot Program for institutionalized elders. METHODS: This study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants were 42 institutionalized elders (17 in the experimental group and 25 in the control group). The Silver-Care-Robot Program was provided as an intervention which was conducted twice a week for 5 weeks...
June 2015: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Charu Gupta, Dhan Prakash
Geriatrics is a medical practice that addresses the complex needs of older patients and emphasizes maintaining functional independence even in the presence of chronic disease. Treatment of geriatric patients requires a different strategy and is very complex. Geriatric medicines aim to promote health by preventing and treating diseases and disabilities in older adults. Development of effective dietary interventions for promoting healthy aging is an active but challenging area of research because aging is associated with an increased risk of chronic disease, disability, and death...
January 2015: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Jacob Gindin, Dror Waserman, Yaniv Shlomo, Yael Rafael
UNLABELLED: As life expectancy rises, so do the rates of operable chronic and/or non-urgent conditions, and the prevalence of the elderly among elective surgery patients. Pre-operative assessments have so far been based on standards of internal and anaesthetic medicine, and focused on the physical aspect. This paper presents a groundbreaking modified assessment for detecting geriatric risks and selecting appropriate interventions. AIMS: An appropriate response to the unique risks and needs of elderly patients in elective surgery, emphasizing each individual's functional, mental, emotional and environmental-supportive aspects, alongside the physical aspects typical of old age...
April 2015: Harefuah
Jordi Miró, Rosa Queral, Maria del Carme Nolla
This study examined the associations between specific pain-related beliefs and both mental health and pain interference in elderly patients with chronic pain. A total of 139 patients completed validated questionnaires assessing pain domains (i.e., intensity, duration and location), psychological functioning, pain interference and demographic variables. Pain-related beliefs were related with poorer mental health (Disability = -.27; Harm = -.23; Solicitude = -.24; Control = .18; Emotion = -.29) and greater interference in daily activities (Disability =...
2014: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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