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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302796/prehabilitation-a-new-area-of-integration-between-geriatricians-anesthesiologists-and-exercise-therapists
#1
Francesco Carli, Vanessa Ferreira
Surgery in combination with risk factors such as poor physical and nutritional status have detrimental effects on short- and long-term aspects of recovery and quality of life, especially in elderly patients whose functional reserve is limited. Strategies to minimize these effects and accelerate return to baseline levels have focused on the intra- and post-operative period; however, this may not be the most opportune time to intervene. Instead, the preoperative period may be a more emotionally salient and physically enabling time to initiate an intervention aimed at attenuating surgical stress and enhancing recovery after surgery...
January 4, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288715/inflammation-and-neutrophil-immunosenescence-in-health-and-disease-targeted-treatments-to-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-the-elderly
#2
REVIEW
William Drew, Daisy V Wilson, Elizabeth Sapey
Despite increasing longevity, many old people are not in good health. There has been an increase in the prevalence of age-associated multi-morbidity (two or more chronic conditions in the same person). Also, severe infections, such as pneumonia, remain significant causes of mortality and morbidity in this aging group. Many chronic health conditions share risk factors such as increasing age, smoking, a sedentary life style and being part of a lower socioeconomic group. However, despite this, multi-morbidities often co-occur more commonly than would be predicted...
December 27, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188878/effect-of-a-6-month-brisk-walking-program-on-walking-endurance-in-sedentary-and-physically-deconditioned-women-aged-60-or-older-a-randomized-trial
#3
H Blain, A Jaussent, M-C Picot, L Maimoun, O Coste, T Masud, J Bousquet, P L Bernard
BACKGROUND: Walking endurance is a predictor of healthy ageing. OBJECTIVE: To examine if a 6-month brisk walking program can increase walking endurance in sedentary and physically deconditioned older women. TRIAL DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Women recruited from public meetings aimed at promoting physical activity in women aged 60 or older. SUBJECTS: 121 women aged 65.7 ± 4.3 years, with sedentary lifestyle (Physical Activity Questionnaire for the Elderly score < 9...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188859/cognitive-performance-does-not-limit-physical-activity-participation-in-the-lifestyle-interventions-and-independence-for-elders-pilot-study-life-p
#4
K F Reid, M P Walkup, J A Katula, K M Sink, S Anton, R Axtell, D R Kerwin, A C King, F Kramer, M E Miller, V Myers, C Rosano, S A Studenski, O L Lopez, J Verghese, R A Fielding, J Williamson
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether multiple domains of baseline cognitive performance were associated with prospective physical activity (PA) adherence in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot study (LIFE-P). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: The LIFE-P study was a single-blind, multicenter, randomized controlled trial of a PA intervention compared to a successful aging educational intervention in sedentary, mobility-limited older adults. INTERVENTION: A 12-month structured, moderate-intensity, multi-modal PA program that included walking, resistance training, and flexibility exercises...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170904/effects-of-chronic-endurance-exercise-training-on-serum-25-oh-d-concentrations-in-elderly-japanese-men
#5
Xiaomin Sun, Zhen-Bo Cao, Kumpei Tanisawa, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Takafumi Kubo, Mitsuru Higuchi
BACKGROUND: Higher levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are positively related to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations; however, the response of 25(OH)D concentrations to chronic endurance exercise training is unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to elucidate whether serum 25(OH)D concentrations were directly increased by 5 weeks of endurance exercise training and influenced by changes in body fat in elderly men. METHODS: Twenty elderly Japanese men were randomized to either the 5-week endurance exercise training group (ET group; N = 10) or the sedentary control group (SC group; N = 10)...
November 23, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168787/fred-exergame-to-prevent-dependence-and-functional-deterioration-associated-with-ageing-a-pilot-three-week-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Iranzu Mugueta-Aguinaga, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain
Introduction: Frailty syndrome and advanced age may decrease the acceptance of illness and quality of life, and worsen patients' existing health conditions, as well as leading to an increase in health care expenses. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to reduce frailty risk via the use of a FRED game which has been expressly designed and put together for the study. Materials and methods: A total of 40 frail volunteers with a score of <10 points in the short physical performance battery (SPPB) took part in a feasibility study in order to validate the FRED game...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155839/performance-of-thigh-mounted-triaxial-accelerometer-algorithms-in-objective-quantification-of-sedentary-behaviour-and-physical-activity-in-older-adults
#7
Jorgen A Wullems, Sabine M P Verschueren, Hans Degens, Christopher I Morse, Gladys L Onambélé
Accurate monitoring of sedentary behaviour and physical activity is key to investigate their exact role in healthy ageing. To date, accelerometers using cut-off point models are most preferred for this, however, machine learning seems a highly promising future alternative. Hence, the current study compared between cut-off point and machine learning algorithms, for optimal quantification of sedentary behaviour and physical activity intensities in the elderly. Thus, in a heterogeneous sample of forty participants (aged ≥60 years, 50% female) energy expenditure during laboratory-based activities (ranging from sedentary behaviour through to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) was estimated by indirect calorimetry, whilst wearing triaxial thigh-mounted accelerometers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130707/-sarcopenic-obesity-in-elderly-women-influence-of-i-d-polymorphism-of-the-angiotension-converter-enzyme
#8
Cristina Romero Blanco, María Jesús Artiga González, Esther Cabanillas Cruz, José Antonio Casajús Mallén, Ignacio Ara Royo, Susana Aznar Laín
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is a term that refers to an increase of fat mass together with a decrease of muscle mass, which is suffered by a high percentage of elderly population. Physical activity seems to be a good strategy to prevent it getting worse. However, genetic factors related to the aging process and to elderly's physical fitness could have an influence on it. AIM: To determine if elderly women > 60 who practice physical activity regularly had differences in sarcopenic obesity according to the I/D polymorphism from the ACE (angiotensin converter enzyme) gen...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074437/metabolomics-applied-to-diabetes-lessons-from-human-population-studies
#9
REVIEW
Sonia Liggi, Julian L Griffin
The 'classical' distribution of type 2 diabetes (T2D) across the globe is rapidly changing and it is no longer predominantly a disease of middle-aged/elderly adults of western countries, but it is becoming more common through Asia and the Middle East, as well as increasingly found in younger individuals. This global altered incidence of T2D is most likely associated with the spread of western diets and sedentary lifestyles, although there is still much debate as to whether the increased incidence rates are due to an overconsumption of fats, sugars or more generally high-calorie foods...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062575/novel-combined-training-approach-improves-sleep-quality-but-does-not-change-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-women-a-preliminary-study
#10
Thiago Matheus da Silva Sousa, Bruno Rodrigues, Marco Carlos Uchida, Olivia de Moraes Ruberti, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Tânia Maria Gaspar Novais, Paula de Lourdes Lauande Oliveira, Fabiano de Jesus Furtado Almeida, Janaína Oliveira Bentivi Pulcherio, Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel combined training protocol on sleep quality and body composition of healthy elderly women. The study sample consisted of 8 sedentary elderly individuals with mean (±SD) of 67 (±8) years of age, 96.0 (±7.8) mg/dL fasting blood glucose, 94.4 (±36.1) mg/dL triglycerides, 179.1 (±22.4) mg/dL total cholesterol, 57.2 (±15.7) mg/dL high-density lipoprotein (HDL), 103.1 (±25.2) mg/dL low-density lipoprotein (LDL), 125.3 (±8.4) mmHg systolic blood pressure, and 72...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049403/the-multifeature-gait-score-an-accurate-way-to-assess-gait-quality
#11
Khaireddine Ben Mansour, Philippe Gorce, Nasser Rezzoug
PURPOSE: This study introduces a novel way to accurately assess gait quality. This new method called Multifeature Gait Score (MGS) is based on the computation of multiple parameters characterizing six aspects of gait (temporal, amplitude, variability, regularity, symmetry and complexity) quantified with one inertial sensor. According to the aspects described, parameters were aggregated into partial scores to indicate the altered aspect in the case of abnormal patterns. In order to evaluate the overall gait quality, partial scores were averaged to a global score...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030644/how-to-prevent-the-detrimental-effects-of-two-months-of-bed-rest-on-muscle-bone-and-cardiovascular-system-an-rct
#12
Andreas Kramer, Albert Gollhofer, Gabriele Armbrecht, Dieter Felsenberg, Markus Gruber
Physical inactivity leads to a deconditioning of the skeletal, neuromuscular and cardiovascular system. It can lead to impaired quality of life, loss of autonomy, falls and fractures. Regular exercise would be a logical remedy, but the generally recommended high-volume endurance and strength training programs require a lot of time and equipment. In this randomized controlled study with 23 healthy participants, we established that a short, intensive jump training program can prevent the large musculoskeletal and cardiovascular deconditioning effects caused by two months of physical inactivity during bed rest, particularly the loss of bone mineral mass and density, lean muscle mass, maximal leg strength and peak oxygen uptake...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987919/sedentary-behavior-and-anxiety-association-and-influential-factors-among-42-469-community-dwelling-adults-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
D Vancampfort, B Stubbs, M P Herring, M Hallgren, A Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between sedentary behavior (SB) and anxiety, and explored factors that influence this relationship in six low- and middle-income countries. METHOD: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between anxiety and self-reported SB. Potentially influential factors were examined with mediation analysis...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968034/-gender-specific-manifestations-of-daily-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-elderly-people-of-surgut
#14
S I Loginov, M N Malkov, A Yu Nikolayev
Objective of the study was to establish gender-specific characteristics of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior in elderly people living in Yugra North. 295 residents of Surgut (102 men aged 62,9±5,3 years, 35%; 193 women aged 61,9±3,8 years, 65%) were subject to a IPAQ-RU questionnaire. The study revealed the gender-specific differences in body length and mass, body mass and body fat indices. It was detected that more energy is spent on the housework and physical activity in the country (moderate-intensity physical activity for women and high-intensity one for men)...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901279/role-of-physical-exercise-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-depressive-illness-in-the-elderly
#15
Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Stefano Sacchetti, Vittoria Nicolis di Robilant, Debora Cutuli
BACKGROUND: In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades life quality, especially during aging. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, given it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that depression is mainly associated with imbalances in neurotransmitters and neurotrophins, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis alterations, brain volume changes, neurogenesis dysfunction, and dysregulation of inflammatory pathways...
September 11, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899880/effects-of-aging-and-resistance-training-in-rat-tendon-remodeling
#16
Rita C Marqueti, João L Q Durigan, Anderson José S Oliveira, Marcelo Shinyu Mekaro, Vinicius Guzzoni, Andrea A Aro, Edson Rosa Pimentel, Heloisa S Selistre-de-Araujo
In elderly persons, weak tendons contribute to functional limitations, injuries, and disability, but resistance training can attenuate this age-related decline. We evaluated the effects of resistance training on the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the calcaneal tendon (CT) in young and old rats and its effect on tendon remodeling. Wistar rats aged 3 mo (young, n = 30) and 20 mo (old, n = 30) were divided into 4 groups: young sedentary, young trained, old sedentary (OS), and old trained (OT). The training sessions were conducted over a 12-wk period...
September 12, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869740/30-min-of-treadmill-walking-at-self-selected-speed-does-not-increase-gait-variability-in-independent-elderly
#17
Emmanuel S Da Rocha, Marcos R Kunzler, Maarten F Bobbert, Jacques Duysens, Felipe P Carpes
Walking is one of the preferred exercises among elderly, but could a prolonged walking increase gait variability, a risk factor for a fall in the elderly? Here we determine whether 30 min of treadmill walking increases coefficient of variation of gait in elderly. Because gait responses to exercise depend on fitness level, we included 15 sedentary and 15 active elderly. Sedentary participants preferred a lower gait speed and made smaller steps than the actives. Step length coefficient of variation decreased ~16...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860729/aging-and-extrapulmonary-effects-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
Emanuela Tudorache, Ariadna Petronela Fildan, Mirela Frandes, Elena Dantes, Doina Ecaterina Tofolean
INTRODUCTION: People with COPD have a decline in functional status, but little is known about the rate of decline and factors that contribute. Of particular concern is the decline in cognitive and functional performance. Decrease in cognitive and functional performance will finally lead to decreased health status, sedentary life style and premature frailty. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare functional performance and cognitive status in patients with COPD of different ages and to examine the changes in extrapulmonary effects...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855969/development-of-low-volume-high-intensity-aerobic-type-interval-training-for-elderly-japanese-men-a-feasibility-study
#19
Yosuke Osuka, Muneaki Matsubara, Ai Hamasaki, Yuji Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Ohshima, Kiyoji Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to identify 1) the feasibility of a novel exercise protocol (elderly Japanese male version of high-intensity interval aerobic training: EJ-HIAT) and 2) its preliminary data (%V̇O2peak, rating of perceived exertion) in comparison with traditional moderate-intensity continuous aerobic training (MICT). RESULTS: Twenty-one sedentary elderly men, aged 60-69 years, performed two exercise protocols: EJ-HIAT, consisting of 3 sets of 2-3-min cycling at 75-85%V̇O2peak with 1-2-min active rests at 50%V̇O2peak between sets, and MICT, consisting of 40-min cycling at 65%V̇O2peak...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
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