keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sedentary and elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901279/role-of-physical-exercise-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-depressive-illness-in-the-elderly
#1
Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Stefano Sacchetti, Vittoria Nicolis di Robilant, Debora Cutuli
BACKGROUND: In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades life quality, especially during aging. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, given it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that depression is mainly associated with imbalances in neurotransmitters and neurotrophins, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis alterations, brain volume changes, neurogenesis dysfunction, and dysregulation of inflammatory pathways...
September 11, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899880/effects-of-aging-and-resistance-training-in-rat-tendon-remodeling
#2
Rita C Marqueti, João L Q Durigan, Anderson José S Oliveira, Marcelo Shinyu Mekaro, Vinicius Guzzoni, Andrea A Aro, Edson Rosa Pimentel, Heloisa S Selistre-de-Araujo
In elderly persons, weak tendons contribute to functional limitations, injuries, and disability, but resistance training can attenuate this age-related decline. We evaluated the effects of resistance training on the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the calcaneal tendon (CT) in young and old rats and its effect on tendon remodeling. Wistar rats aged 3 mo (young, n = 30) and 20 mo (old, n = 30) were divided into 4 groups: young sedentary, young trained, old sedentary (OS), and old trained (OT). The training sessions were conducted over a 12-wk period...
September 12, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869740/30-min-of-treadmill-walking-at-self-selected-speed-does-not-increase-gait-variability-in-independent-elderly
#3
Emmanuel S Da Rocha, Marcos R Kunzler, Maarten F Bobbert, Jacques Duysens, Felipe P Carpes
Walking is one of the preferred exercises among elderly, but could a prolonged walking increase gait variability, a risk factor for a fall in the elderly? Here we determine whether 30 min of treadmill walking increases coefficient of variation of gait in elderly. Because gait responses to exercise depend on fitness level, we included 15 sedentary and 15 active elderly. Sedentary participants preferred a lower gait speed and made smaller steps than the actives. Step length coefficient of variation decreased ~16...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860729/aging-and-extrapulmonary-effects-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Emanuela Tudorache, Ariadna Petronela Fildan, Mirela Frandes, Elena Dantes, Doina Ecaterina Tofolean
INTRODUCTION: People with COPD have a decline in functional status, but little is known about the rate of decline and factors that contribute. Of particular concern is the decline in cognitive and functional performance. Decrease in cognitive and functional performance will finally lead to decreased health status, sedentary life style and premature frailty. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare functional performance and cognitive status in patients with COPD of different ages and to examine the changes in extrapulmonary effects...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855969/development-of-low-volume-high-intensity-aerobic-type-interval-training-for-elderly-japanese-men-a-feasibility-study
#5
Yosuke Osuka, Muneaki Matsubara, Ai Hamasaki, Yuji Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Ohshima, Kiyoji Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to identify 1) the feasibility of a novel exercise protocol (elderly Japanese male version of high-intensity interval aerobic training: EJ-HIAT) and 2) its preliminary data (%V̇O2peak, rating of perceived exertion) in comparison with traditional moderate-intensity continuous aerobic training (MICT). RESULTS: Twenty-one sedentary elderly men, aged 60-69 years, performed two exercise protocols: EJ-HIAT, consisting of 3 sets of 2-3-min cycling at 75-85%V̇O2peak with 1-2-min active rests at 50%V̇O2peak between sets, and MICT, consisting of 40-min cycling at 65%V̇O2peak...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#6
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818422/feasibility-and-effects-of-a-physical-activity-program-using-gerontechnology-in-assisted-living-communities-for-older-adults
#7
Martine Lauzé, Dominic D Martel, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: The number of older adults residing in assisted living communities is increasing. Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) on physical and cognitive capacities, and the opportunities for being active offered in these living environments, this population is highly sedentary and more at risk of physical decline. This study aimed to assess the feasibility, the acceptability, and the effects of PA intervention using gerontechnology in assisted living communities. METHODS: Forty-two older adults in 4 assisted living communities were recruited and randomly assigned to an exercise intervention group (EX) or a control group (CON) using a 2:1 ratio...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810247/physical-inactivity-predicts-slow-gait-speed-in-an-elderly-multi-ethnic-cohort-study-the-northern-manhattan-study
#8
Joshua Z Willey, Yeseon P Moon, Erin R Kulick, Ying Kuen Cheung, Clinton B Wright, Ralph L Sacco, Mitchell S V Elkind
INTRODUCTION: Gait speed is associated with multiple adverse outcomes of aging. We hypothesized that physical inactivity would be prospectively inversely associated with gait speed independently of white matter hyperintensity volume and silent brain infarcts on MRI. METHODS: Participants in the Northern Manhattan Study MRI sub-study had physical activity assessed when they were enrolled into the study. A mean of 5 years after the MRI, participants had gait speed measured via a timed 5-meter walk test...
August 16, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800755/the-influence-of-3%C3%A2-months-of-physical-exercises-and-verbal-stimulation-on-functional-efficiency-and-use-of-free-time-in-an-older-population-under-institutional-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Natalia Milewska, Bernard Sozański
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant change in the demographics of developed countries, including an increase in the number of older people. This aging population and the associated need for medical care and assistance places great strain on health care systems worldwide. In older populations, improved knowledge and understanding of the relationship between moderate exercise and health might result in greater motivation to engage in such activity; thus improving the overall health of this population...
August 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799216/device-measured-physical-activity-as-a-predictor-of-disability-in-mobility-limited-older-adults
#10
Robert T Mankowski, Stephen D Anton, Robert Axtell, Shyh-Huei Chen, Roger A Fielding, Nancy W Glynn, Fang-Chi Hsu, Abby C King, Andrew S Layne, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, Catrine Tudor-Locke, David E Conroy, Thomas W Buford
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and incidence of major mobility disability (MMD) and persistent MMD (PMMD) in older adults in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. DESIGN: Prospective cohort of individuals aged 65 and older undergoing structured PA intervention or health education. SETTING: The LIFE Study was a multicenter (eight sites) randomized controlled trial designed to compare the efficacy of a long-term structured PA intervention with that of a health education (HE) program in reducing the incidence of MMD in mobility-limited older adults...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756746/nordic-walking-can-be-incorporated-in-the-exercise-prescription-to-increase-aerobic-capacity-strength-and-quality-of-life-for-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Valentina Bullo, Stefano Gobbo, Barbara Vendramin, Federica Duregon, Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Di Blasio, Danilo Sales Bocalini, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize and analyze the effects of Nordic Walking on physical fitness, body composition and quality of life in the elderly. METHODS: keyword "Nordic Walking" associated with "elderly" AND/OR "aging" AND/OR "old subjects" AND/OR "aged" AND/OR "older adults" were used in the onlines database Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus. Only studies written in English language and published in peer-reviewed journals were considered...
July 29, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729003/the-effects-of-an-activity-promotion-system-on-active-living-in-overweight-subjects-with-metabolic-abnormalities
#12
Ya-Ping Yang, Chi-Jane Wang, Jing-Jy Wang, Che-Wei Lin, Ya-Ting Carolyn Yang, Jeen-Shing Wang, Yen Kuang Yang, Yi-Ching Yang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of Activity Promotion System (APs) on promoting physical activity (PA) for overweight subjects with metabolic abnormalities. METHODS: We designed a six-month randomised controlled trial with a cross-over design, and recruited 53 subjects. Subjects in group A used APs with a wearable device measuring whole-day PA, including sleep time, sedentary, light, moderate and vigorous PA and a web-based feedback system in the first three months and followed by usual care with traditional health education in the next three months...
July 17, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727346/-doctor-physical-activity-at-my-age
#13
Martial Coutaz
Engaging in regular and appropriate physical activity confers health benefits at any age. For seniors, swapping the role of « sedentary » for « someone who's on the move » offers much more substantial benefits than any medication, and notably even starting at a dose of 10-15 minutes per day ! Any physician who cares for elderly patients must pursue the objective of encouraging physical activity that is integrated into daily life (e.g. walking, gardening, shopping). This article consists of a literature review concerning the evidence for the benefits of physical activity in seniors in terms of quality of life, longevity, maintenance of functional independence, and prevention of cognitive decline...
April 19, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721030/regular-physical-exercise-improves-cardiac-autonomic-and-muscle-vasodilatory-responses-to-isometric-exercise-in-healthy-elderly
#14
Adriana de Oliveira Sarmento, Amilton da Cruz Santos, Ivani Credidio Trombetta, Marciano Moacir Dantas, Ana Cristina Oliveira Marques, Leone Severino do Nascimento, Bruno Teixeira Barbosa, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, Maria do Amparo Andrade, Anna Myrna Jaguaribe-Lima, Maria do Socorro Brasileiro-Santos
The objective of this study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic control and muscle vasodilation response during isometric exercise in sedentary and physically active older adults. Twenty healthy participants, 10 sedentary and 10 physically active older adults, were evaluated and paired by gender, age, and body mass index. Sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac activity (spectral and symbolic heart rate analysis) and muscle blood flow (venous occlusion plethysmography) were measured for 10 minutes at rest (baseline) and during 3 minutes of isometric handgrip exercise at 30% of the maximum voluntary contraction (sympathetic excitatory maneuver)...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715595/lifestyle-physical-activity-and-cognitive-functions-the-impact-on-the-scores-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca
#15
A Innocenti, D M Cammisuli, D Sgromo, F Franzoni, J Fusi, F Galetta, C Pruneti
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a rapid screening tool, including subtests to assess several cognitive domains, developed to detect MCI from normal ageing cognitive changes. Several validation and normative studies have conducted around the world considering the influences of age and education on the MoCA score, but none takes into account the lifestyle and habits. However, lifestyles, and particularly physical activity (PA) have been positively associated with both physical and mental health in elderly...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696593/-sarcopenia-in-elderly-benefice-of-physical-exercices
#16
André Laszlo
From the age of fifty onwards a progressive loss of muscle mass may be observed, it often leads to real sarcopenia. Sedentary life style and unbalanced feeding habits represent major risk factors. The decrease in muscle tone leads to a loss of function and an altered quality of life, not to mention socioeconomic factors. The molecular mechanisms of sarcopenia are complex but our understanding of them is increasing. There is no pharmaceutical treatment of sarcopenia of use in current practice. Regular, several times a week, practice of a combination of adapted muscle building physical and endurance exercises, associated with protein intake have shown there use...
November 9, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682651/the-impact-of-10-year-physical-activity-changes-on-7-year-mortality-in-older-mexican-americans
#17
Zakkoyya H Lewis, Kyriakos Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Soham Al Snih
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between 10-years of change in physical activity levels and 7-year all-cause mortality. METHODS: Mexican-American adults aged 67 and older (N=803) participating in the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (1995/1996 to 2012/2013) were included. All-cause mortality was our outcome. Participants were divided into four groups based on their difference in overall physical activity between 1995/1996 and 2005/2006 measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653499/exercise-s-effect-on-mobility-disability-in-older-adults-with-and-without-obesity-the-life-study-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Stephen B Kritchevsky, Laura Lovato, Elizabeth P Handing, Steven Blair, Anda Botoseneanu, Jack M Guralnik, Christine Liu, Abby King, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, W Jack Rejeski, Bonnie Spring, Todd Manini
OBJECTIVE: Some data suggest that obesity blunts the benefits of exercise on mobility in older adults. This study tested the homogeneity of the effect of a physical activity intervention on major mobility disability (MMD) across baseline obesity classifications in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. LIFE randomized 1,635 sedentary men and women aged 70 to 89 years to a moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) or health education program. METHODS: MMD, defined as the inability to walk 400 m, was determined over an average follow-up of 2...
July 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614835/aging-of-competitive-athletes
#19
Hirofumi Tanaka
Demographics of human aging are rapidly changing. As illustrated in the biomedicalization of aging, an ever increasing number of older adults is affected by a variety of clinical conditions and diseases, including vascular stiffening, sarcopenia, physical disability, and poor quality of life. One population that is situated in the opposite end of the health and functional spectrum to the sedentary frail elderly is Masters athletes. These older competitive athletes are endowed with substantial functional capacity, overall long-term health, high motivation, and psychosocial outlook...
2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607565/the-prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-relationship-with-demographic-factors-biochemical-and-anthropometric-indicators-a-population-based-study
#20
Mohammad Khajedaluee, Tahereh Hassannia, Abdolrahim Rezaee, Maryam Ziadi, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health challenge worldwide. The prevalence of HTN varies across countries. It is necessary to obtain valid information about the prevalence of chronic condition like HTN and its predictors in different societies. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of HTN and associated factors in Mashhad, Iran, 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 2974 adults residing in Mashhad in 2015...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
keyword
keyword
55009
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"