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Physical activity and elder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915222/exoskeleton-plantarflexion-assistance-for-elderly
#1
S Galle, W Derave, F Bossuyt, P Calders, P Malcolm, D De Clercq
Elderly are confronted with reduced physical capabilities and increased metabolic energy cost of walking. Exoskeletons that assist walking have the potential to restore walking capacity by reducing the metabolic cost of walking. However, it is unclear if current exoskeletons can reduce energy cost in elderly. Our goal was to study the effect of an exoskeleton that assists plantarflexion during push-off on the metabolic energy cost of walking in physically active and healthy elderly. Seven elderly (age 69.3±3...
November 28, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912734/prevalence-and-predictive-importance-of-anemia-in-swedish-nursing-home-residents-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Björn Westerlind, Carl Johan Östgren, Sigvard Mölstad, Patrik Midlöv
BACKGROUND: Anemia is common in elderly people and especially in nursing home residents. Few studies have been performed on the consequences of anemia in a nursing home population. This study explored the prevalence of anemia in nursing homes in Sweden, including risk factors and mortality associated with anemia or hemoglobin (Hb) decline. METHODS: Three hundred ninety patients from 12 nursing homes were included during 2008-2011. Information about medication, blood samples, questionnaire responses and information about physical and social activities was recorded...
December 2, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912157/factors-related-to-satisfaction-with-long-term-care-services-among-low-income-korean-elderly-adults-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Chanyeong Kwak, Eunhee Lee, Hyunjung Kim
BACKGROUND: With the growing demand for long-term care (LTC) services, it is increasingly important to explore experience with care. This study examined care satisfaction in a nursing home and at home among low-income elders in South Korea. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 246 elderly recipients of welfare benefits using a proportional stratified sampling method. Two self-reported versions of a questionnaire developed for users of nursing home care and homecare were used...
November 21, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909276/-closure-of-ascending-aortic-entry-by-debranching-endovascular-management-in-an-elderly-patient-with-acute-stanford-type-a-dissection
#4
Munehiro Saiki, Keiji Yunoki, Naoya Sakoda, Shigeru Hattori, Gaku Uchino, Takuya Kawabata, Yasufumi Fujita, Kunikazu Hisamochi, Hideo Yoshida
An 85-year-old woman was hospitalized by emergency for an acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. Computed tomography showed a primary entry on the ascending aorta and pericardial effusion. Although her hemodynamics was unstable due to cardiac shock, her family wished no open surgery considering her age and frailty. A couple of days later, her condition became stabilized with antihypertensive therapy. Since the dissection was limited within the ascending aorta, closure of the entry with the stentgraft was considered appropriate and much less invasive as compared with an open surgery...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906984/balance-and-muscle-strength-in-elderly-women-who-dance-samba
#5
Marcos Maurício Serra, Angelica Castilho Alonso, Mark Peterson, Luis Mochizuki, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Luiz Eugênio Garcez-Leme
Considering the growth of the aging population, and the increasing risk for falls and related morbidity, it is vital to seek efficient, comprehensive, and culturally relevant prevention programs for elderly people to reduce risks for falls. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the postural balance and muscle strength among women participating in the "Wing of Baianas" in the carnival parades. One hundred and ten women, with an average age of 67.4±5.9 years, were divided into two groups: Baianas group-elderly participants of the carnival parades in the "Wing of Baianas", and a Control group of women who do not dance samba...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904424/prevalence-and-predictors-of-unmet-needs-among-the-elderly-residents-of-the-rural-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#6
Abhishek Singh, Mohan Bairwa, Shewtank Goel, Ravi Bypareddy, Prassana Mithra
BACKGROUND: Surrogate markers simple enough to be used by primary care workers have not been closely investigated by the community experts in rural Uttar Pradesh. We assessed the physical disabilities in activities of daily living (ADL) and unmet need in physical disabilities among rural elderly. Predictors of unmet needs in physical disabilities among the elderly were also identified. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly residents of the rural field practice area of a tertiary care centre in rural Uttar Pradesh...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902846/physical-activity-and-other-determinants-of-survival-in-the-oldest-adults
#7
Antonio Muscari, Giampaolo Bianchi, Paola Forti, Marco Giovagnoli, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of physical activity as a possible survival determinant in the oldest adults. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, population-based cohort. SETTING: The Pianoro Study of community-dwelling older adults in three towns in northern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized individuals aged 85 and older (n = 500; mean age 89.6 ± 3.1, 65% female). MEASUREMENTS: Participants provided information on marital status, educational level, previous work activity, cardiovascular risk factors, previous cardiovascular events, self-rated health, joint pain, and functional status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901247/anabolic-steroids-for-rehabilitation-after-hip-fracture-in-older-people
#8
Vaqas Farooqi, Maayken E L van den Berg, Ian D Cameron, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture occurs predominantly in older people, many of whom are frail and undernourished. After hip fracture surgery and rehabilitation, most patients experience a decline in mobility and function. Anabolic steroids, the synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, have been used in combination with exercise to improve muscle mass and strength in athletes. They may have similar effects in older people who are recovering from hip fracture. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects (primarily in terms of functional outcome and adverse events) of anabolic steroids after surgical treatment of hip fracture in older people...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899777/-physical-activity-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer-undergoing-outpatient-chemotherapy
#9
Megumi Iwakoshi, Tetsuya Tsuji, Hiromasa Takaishi, Yasuo Hamamoto, Tsunehiro Takahashi, Takashi Endo, Yuko Kitagawa, Meigen Liu
PURPOSE: To determine factors affecting physical activity in outpatients with gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS: This observational study applied the International Physical Activity Questionnaire(IPAQ)to identify factors affecting physical activity in outpatients(male, n=51; female, n=24; mean age, 64.2±10.2 years)with gastrointestinal cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Relationships between the main outcome measures, total weekly physical activity score(TPA)and total weekly energy expenditure(TEE), and patient background factors were analyzed...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896693/capsule-commentary-on-cheung-et-al-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-an-elderly-population-in-northern-manhattan-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
William Cheung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894296/relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-depressive-symptoms-the-fat-and-jolly-hypothesis-for-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-in-china
#11
Lin Zhang, Kun Liu, Hong Li, Dan Li, Zhuo Chen, Li-Li Zhang, Lei-Lei Guo
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been identified as a worldwide epidemic. In China, the highest prevalence of obesity is observed in adults aged ≥45 years old. This study aimed to describe the association between BMI and depressive symptoms among a large representative sample of middle-aged and elderly in China. METHOD: A longitudinal sample of the middle-aged and elderly (6,224 males and 6,883 females) who were interviewed in the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study was used...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893000/association-between-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonists-and-snoring-among-women-in-the-nurses-health-study
#12
Brian M Lin, Frank B Hu, Gary C Curhan
Importance: Snoring is highly prevalent among adults. The use of benzodiazepine receptor agonists is also common, with higher prevalence of use with more advanced age. Benzodiazepine receptor agonists cause muscle relaxation, which may affect muscle tone and airway dynamics and thereby increase snoring. Previous studies examining the association between use of benzodiazepine receptor agonists and snoring were underpowered to detect clinically meaningful differences or did not report the magnitude of association...
November 17, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891520/short-term-lifestyle-strategies-for-sustaining-cognitive-status
#13
Elizabeth P Howard, John N Morris, Knight Steel, Kelley A Strout, Brant E Fries, Alice Moore, Vjenka Garms-Homolová
Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886098/is-green-exercise-for-all-a-descriptive-study-of-green-exercise-habits-and-promoting-factors-in-adult-norwegians
#14
Giovanna Calogiuri, Grete G Patil, Geir Aamodt
Background: Physical activity (PA) in natural environments, known as green exercise (GE), can provide health benefits above and beyond PA in other environments, but little is known about the extent to which GE is an accessible form of weekly PA across different social groups. This study aims to examine the "GE phenomenon" in Norway, and evaluate possible differences in GE habits and perceived factors that promote GE across sub-groups of this population. Methods: 2168 adults from all over Norway reported weekly GE and other forms of PA, specific forms of GE, and perceived factors that promote GE...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885229/the-effects-of-the-employment-of-physical-therapists-and-occupational-therapists-on-the-gait-function-of-adult-day-service-users-after-1-year
#15
Yuta Hayashi, Shinnosuke Hato, Tatsuyuki Imada, Osamu Kobayashi, Tsutomu Abe, Takeshi Oonuma, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the presence or absence of physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) in an adult day service on the users' gait function, and to generalize the format of an effective service aimed at the preventing the exacerbation of the gait function and at promoting self-reliance in activities and participation. METHODS: The study population included 830 elderly day service users (mean age, 83...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884774/esponsive-multifunctional-drug-delivery-nanoparticles-for-elastic-matrix-regenerative-repair
#16
Balakrishnan Sivaraman, Ganesh Swaminathan, Lee Moore, Jonathan Fox, Dhruv Seshadri, Shataakshi Dahal, Ivan Stoilov, Maciej Zborowski, Robert Mecham, Anand Ramamurthi
: Arresting or regressing growth of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), localized expansions of the abdominal aorta are contingent on inhibiting chronically overexpressed matrix metalloproteases (MMPs)-2 and -9 that disrupt elastic matrix within the aortic wall, concurrent with providing a stimulus to augmenting inherently poor auto-regeneration of these matrix structures. In a recent study we demonstrated that localized, controlled and sustained delivery of doxycycline (DOX; a tetracycline-based antibiotic) from poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs), enhances elastic matrix deposition and MMP-inhibition at a fraction of the therapeutically effective oral dose...
November 21, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884595/melatonin-protection-against-age-related-cardiac-pathology
#17
REVIEW
Gaia Favero, Lorenzo Franceschetti, Barbara Buffoli, Moghadasian H Mohammed, Russel J Reiter, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Rita Rezzani
Aging is a complex and progressive process that involves physiological and metabolic deterioration in every organ and system. Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity among elderly subjects worldwide. Most age-related cardiovascular disorders can be influenced by modifiable behaviours such as a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables, avoidance of smoking, increased physical activity and reduced stress. The role of diet in prevention of various disorders is a well-established factor, which has an even more important role in the geriatric population...
November 21, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883166/effect-of-low-dose-rapamycin-on-senescence-markers-and-physical-functioning-in-older-adults-with-coronary-artery-disease-results-of-a-pilot-study
#18
M Singh, M D Jensen, A Lerman, S Kushwaha, C S Rihal, B J Gersh, A Behfar, T Tchkonia, R J Thomas, R J Lennon, L R Keenan, A G Moore, J L Kirkland
Rapamycin, an mTOR inhibitor affects senescence through suppression of senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). We studied the safety and feasibility of low-dose rapamycin and its effect on SASP and frailty in elderly undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR). 13 patients; 6 (0.5mg), 6 (1.0mg), and 1 patient received 2mg oral rapamycin (serum rapamycin <6ng/ml) daily for 12 weeks. Median age was 73.9±7.5 years and 12 were men. Serum interleukin-6 decreased (2.6 vs 4.4 pg/ml) and MMP-3 (26 vs 23.5 ng/ml) increased...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881697/adult-day-services-outcomes-delphi-review-of-an-integrated-participant-assessment-system
#19
Shannon Jarrott, Aaron M Ogletree
Adult day services (ADS) aim to help elders age in place, but evidence of impact on participants lags behind caregiver research. To play a larger role in the continuum of care, ADS participant outcomes should regularly be documented with standard measures. We conducted a Delphi review of one integrated participant assessment system. Capturing physical, mental, and cognitive health indicators and activity engagement of typical ADS participants (i.e., frail elders eligible for nursing home placement), experts evaluated the system on instrument validity, relevance, and application...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875948/prevalence-incidence-risk-and-protective-factors-of-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-the-elderly-in-shanghai
#20
Tao Wang, Shifu Xiao, Kewei Chen, Cece Yang, Shuhui Dong, Yan Cheng, Xia Li, Jinghua Wang, Minjie Zhu, Fuzhong Yang, Guanjun Li, Ning Su, Yuanyuan Liu, Jing Dai, Mingyuan Zhang
Amnestic MCI (aMCI) has notably increased in Shanghai, China. This study was designed to estimate the prevalence and incidence rates of aMCI and to determine the risk and protective factors for aMCI among persons ≥ 60 years-old in Shanghai communities. This 1-year longitudinal study, which surveyed a random sample of 1,302 individuals ≥ 60 years-old, collected baseline data about lifestyle through self-reports, and vascular and comorbid conditions from medical records and a physical examination. We also analyzed a subgroup of individuals ≥ 70 years-old...
November 21, 2016: Current Alzheimer Research
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