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Physical activity and elder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667159/physical-activity-throughout-the-adult-life-span-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-old-age-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-data
#1
REVIEW
Tobias Engeroff, Tobias Ingmann, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that physical activity might alleviate the age-related neurodegeneration and decline of cognitive function. However, most of this evidence is based on data investigating the association of exercise interventions or current physical activity behavior with cognitive function in elderly subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and hypothesize that physical activity during the adult life span is connected with maintained domain-specific cognitive functions during late adulthood defined as age 60+ years...
April 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663090/human-activity-recognition-from-body-sensor-data-using-deep-learning
#2
Mohammad Mehedi Hassan, Shamsul Huda, Md Zia Uddin, Ahmad Almogren, Majed Alrubaian
In recent years, human activity recognition from body sensor data or wearable sensor data has become a considerable research attention from academia and health industry. This research can be useful for various e-health applications such as monitoring elderly and physical impaired people at Smart home to improve their rehabilitation processes. However, it is not easy to accurately and automatically recognize physical human activity through wearable sensors due to the complexity and variety of body activities...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662923/effects-of-electrical-stimulation-on-skeletal-muscle-of-old-sedentary-people
#3
Simone Mosole, Sandra Zampieri, Sandra Furlan, Ugo Carraro, Stefan Löefler, Helmut Kern, Pompeo Volpe, Alessandra Nori
Physical activity plays an important role in preventing muscle atrophy and chronic diseases in adults and in the elderly. Calcium (Ca2+ ) cycling and activation of specific molecular pathways are essential in contraction-induced muscle adaptation. This study attains human muscle sections and total homogenates prepared from biopsies obtained before (control) and after 9 weeks of training by electrical stimulation (ES) on a group of volunteers. The aim of the study was to investigate about the molecular mechanisms that support functional muscle improvement by ES...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661594/accidental-injuries-among-older-adults-an-incidence-study
#4
Maria Gudnadottir, Thordis Katrin Thorsteinsdottir, Brynjolfur Mogensen, Thor Aspelund, Edda Bjork Thordardottir
BACKGROUND: To date, the majority of studies assessing accidental injuries among the elderly have focused on fall injuries, while studies of other mechanisms of injuries have been lacking. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to investigate all injury-related visits among older adults to an emergency department and risk factors for injuries. METHODS: Data were collected on all registered visits of adults, ≥67 years old, living in the capital of Iceland, to the emergency department of Landspitali, the National University Hospital, in 2011 and 2012...
April 13, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659622/the-association-of-single-and-combined-factors-of-sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-with-subjective-cognitive-complaints-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-cross-sectional-study
#5
Yuta Nemoto, Shinichiro Sato, Masaki Takahashi, Noriko Takeda, Munehiro Matsushita, Yoshinori Kitabatake, Kazushi Maruo, Takashi Arao
Subjective cognitive complaints (SCC) might be a meaningful indicator of dementia onset or mild cognitive impairment, and identifying the related factors of SCC could contribute to preventing these diseases. However, the relationship between SCC and lifestyle factors remains largely unproven. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of type of sedentary behavior, physical activity, or their combination with SCC among community-dwelling older adults. In 2016, 6677 community-living elderly were recruited to participate in a survey investigating cognition, physical activity, and sedentary behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659314/level-of-physical-activity-in-men-and-women-with-chronic-stroke
#6
Birgit Vahlberg, Annika Bring, Karin Hellström, Lena Zetterberg
INTRODUCTION: Community-dwelling stroke survivors generally show low levels of physical activity (PA). An improved understanding of the factors influencing participation in PA after stroke is imperative to improve levels of PA. Furthermore, gender differences in PA have received little attention in stroke research. The objective of this study was to examine gender differences in PA, physical functioning and psychological factors and the association between these factors and PA in men and women 1-3-year post-stroke...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652898/tooth-loss-and-pneumonia-mortality-a-cohort-study-of-japanese-dentists
#7
Shino Suma, Mariko Naito, Kenji Wakai, Toru Naito, Masaaki Kojima, Osami Umemura, Makoto Yokota, Nobuhiro Hanada, Takashi Kawamura
Although associations between oral health and pneumonia have been reported in previous studies, particularly in the institutionalized elderly, few prospective studies have investigated the association between oral condition and pneumonia among community-dwelling people and whether the findings among inpatients or patients in nursing homes are applicable to the general population is still unclear. The oral bacteria propagated in the periodontal regions may drop into the lung and increase the risk of pneumonia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643930/the-physical-body-experiences-questionnaire-simplified-for-active-aging-pbe-qag
#8
Giulia Cossu, Emilio Loi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Alessia Bramanti
Background: The physical activity has been indicated as an experience that can help achieve positive, self-oriented own body awareness. This awareness is an aspect that tends to get worse with age. Objective: Our study aims to verify the internal consistency of a questionnaire on physical awareness in a sample of Italian elders; a secondary objective is to measure if there is a relationship between physical awareness and perceived level of physical activity. Methods: Cross sectional study on a consecutive sample of elderly people was administered the "Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire simplified for active aging (PBE-QAG)", inspired by the "Physical Body Experiences Questionnaire", modified, simplified and adapted to be used in the elderly over 65...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643594/the-effect-of-a-vr-exercise-program-on-falls-and-depression-in-the-elderly-with-mild-depression-in-the-local-community
#9
Jong-Eun Yang, Tac-Young Lee, Jin-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of a VR exercise program on falls and depression in the elderly with mild depression who reside in the local community. [Subjects and Methods] This study was performed by targeting 15 elderly subjects with mild depression who resided in the local community. The targeted subjects voluntarily selected 3 VR exercise programs (each lasting 10 minutes) among 4 activities, and a resting time of 5 minutes was given for an interval after each activity. The VR exercise program was performed for total 12 weeks (36 times), 3 times a week, 45 minutes per session...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643004/association-between-mediterranean-diet-and-hand-grip-strength-in-older-adult-women
#10
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Carolina Di Somma, Giovanni Tramontano, Vincenzo De Luca, Maddalena Illario, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean Diet (MD) is an eating pattern associated with multiple healthy benefits, including the conservation of skeletal muscle. Frailty is a major geriatric syndrome characterized by low muscle strength. The Hand Grip Strength (HGS) is the most frequently used indicator of muscle functional capacity for clinical purposes. The association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in elderly has not yet fully investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in a not hospitalized elderly who participated in the project PERsonalised ict Supported Services for Independent Living and Active Ageing (PERSSILAA)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628812/exercise-therapy-for-a-patient-with-parkinson-disease-and-back-pain-a-case-report
#11
Christina L Rosarion
Objective: The purpose of this report is to describe an exercise intervention for an elderly patient with Parkinson disease with a chief complaint of lower back pain. Clinical Features: The patient was an 85-year-old man who had been diagnosed with Parkinson disease and kyphosis. Back pain was preventing him from carrying out activities of daily living. He was referred for physical therapy for treatment to reduce lower back pain and increase function. An initial examination consisted of testing flexibility and range of motion and administering a pain severity scale and a Lower Extremity Functional Index (LEFI); the patient's initial LEFI score was 14/80...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628040/-patterns-of-brain-ageing
#12
Carlos Fernández Viadero, Rosario Verduga Vélez, Dámaso Crespo Santiago
Neuroplasticity lends the brain a strong ability to adapt to changes in the environment that occur during ageing. Animal models have shown alterations in neurotransmission and imbalances in the expression of neural growth factor. Changes at the morphometric level are not constant. Volume loss is related to alterations in neuroplasticity and involvement of the cerebral neuropil. Although there are no conclusive data, physical exercise improves the molecular, biological, functional and behavioural-cognitive changes associated with brain ageing...
June 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627040/insulin-resistance-and-cognitive-test-performance-in-elderly-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#13
Ayesha Z Sherzai, Magda Shaheen, Jeffrey J Yu, Konrad Talbot, Dean Sherzai
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between homeostatic model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and cognitive test performance among population≥60years in a national database. HYPOTHESIS: Higher insulin resistance is associated with lower cognitive test performance score in the population≥60years. PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2000 and 2001-2002. MEASUREMENTS: Cognitive test performance was measured by the Digit Symbol Substitution (DSS) exercise score...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624588/factors-determining-the-social-participation-of-older-adults-a-comparison-between-japan-and-korea-using-eass-2012
#14
Keiko Katagiri, Ju-Hyun Kim
AIMS: Japan and Korea are the world's most aged and most rapidly aging nations. They both have low fertility rates, thereby intensifying the importance of social structures to aid a large, dependent population of older adults. Common strategies involve improving their social participation, which enhances their physical and mental health, so they are supporting society rather than being supported. Since the social participation rates in both countries are not as high as those of Western countries, it is critical to shed light on the factors related to social participation of the elderly...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623702/testosterone-replacement-muscle-strength-and-physical-function
#15
REVIEW
You Seon Nam, Gyeongsil Lee, Jae Moon Yun, Belong Cho
Muscle strength and physical function decrease in older men, as do testosterone levels. Nonetheless, the effects of testosterone replacement therapy on muscle strength and physical function remain inconclusive and equivocal. We conducted a rapid systematic review, the results of which showed that testosterone replacement does not affect muscle strength (measured by hand grip strength and leg muscle strength), although it may increase physical function (measured by the 6-minute walk test, Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly score, and other physical performance tests)...
March 22, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620558/effect-of-low-intensity-versus-high-intensity-resistance-training-on-the-functioning-of-the-institutionalized-frail-elderly
#16
Ulku K Sahin, Nuray Kirdi, Ergun Bozoglu, Aydin Meric, Galip Buyukturan, Ahmet Ozturk, Huseyin Doruk
Frailty has emerged as an important risk factor for disability. Age-related declines in physical and physiological function lead to increased risk of loss of independence and poor quality of life. Recent evidence has shown the effectiveness of physical exercise programmes in preventing or reversing frailty. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the functioning of frail elderly individuals after undergoing resistance training for 3 days a week for 8 weeks. The effectiveness of exercise training was investigated in 48 frail elderly individuals who were randomly assigned to the following intervention groups: high-intensity (HI; n=16; age: 69-96 years) or low-intensity (LI; n=16; age: 77-93 years) strength training groups or a control group (n=16; age: 76-93 years) with no specific exercise programme...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617448/ranking-of-osteogenic-potential-of-physical-exercises-in-postmenopausal-women-based-on-femoral-neck-strains
#17
Pim Pellikaan, Georgios Giarmatzis, Jos Vander Sloten, Sabine Verschueren, Ilse Jonkers
The current study aimed to assess the potential of different exercises triggering an osteogenic response at the femoral neck in a group of postmenopausal women. The osteogenic potential was determined by ranking the peak hip contact forces (HCFs) and consequent peak tensile and compressive strains at the superior and inferior part of the femoral neck during activities such as (fast) walking, running and resistance training exercises. Results indicate that fast walking (5-6 km/h) running and hopping induced significantly higher strains at the femoral neck than walking at 4 km/h which is considered a baseline exercise for bone preservation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614012/the-elderly-perceived-meanings-and-values-of-virtual-reality-leisure-activities-a-means-end-chain-approach
#18
Cheng-Shih Lin, Mei-Yuan Jeng, Tsu-Ming Yeh
This study uses means-end chain (MEC) techniques to examine the awareness, decision-making procedure, and personal values of the elderly with regard to virtual reality leisure activities. The results of the study show that elderly respondents value virtual reality leisure activities that are fun, safe, and easy. In terms of outcome benefits, elderly respondents value feeling physically and mentally healthy, firsthand experience, and satisfied curiosity. In value terms, elderly respondents hope that their chosen virtual reality leisure activities improve not only their relationships with others, but also their enjoyment, quality of life, and sense of belonging...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609238/-associations-of-obesity-and-physical-activity-with-cognition-in-people-aged-50-and-above-in-shanghai
#19
Z Z Huang, Y C Zhang, Y Zheng, Y F Guo, Y Ruan, S Y Sun, Y Shi, S N Gao, J H Ye, Y J Yan, K Wu, R F Xu, F Wu
Objective: To investigate the associations of obesity and physical activity with cognition in the elderly. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from October 2009 to June 2010 among people aged ≥50 years selected through multistage random cluster sampling in Shanghai. The subjects' body weight, body height, waist circumference and hip circumference were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR), and the data on self-reported physical activity level were collected through questionnaire survey...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609237/-evaluation-of-activities-of-daily-living-and-related-factors-in-community-elderly-people-in-urban-and-rural-areas-of-beijing
#20
M Liu, J H Wang, S S Yang, Y Yao, S S Wang, Y He
Objective: To evaluate the activities of daily living (ADL) and related factors in community elderly people in urban and rural areas of Beijing. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Haidian and Miyun districts of Beijing using two-stage random cluster sampling method between 2011 and 2014. Results: A total of 4 499 community elderly people (1 815 males, 2 684 females) aged 60-95 years were included in the study. The mean age was (70.3±6.7) years. Compared with the participants from urban area, the participants from rural area had lower education level (85...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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