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Physical activity and elder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244033/older-adults-with-hip-arthroplasty-an-individualized-transitional-care-program
#1
YoungJi Ko, JuHee Lee, EuiGeum Oh, MoNa Choi, ChangOh Kim, KiWol Sung, SeungHoon Baek
BACKGROUND: Most older adults with hip fracture surgery experience functional decline (FD), causing devastating outcomes. However, few studies have examined the effects of nursing interventions to reduce FD for them. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate an individualized transitional care program (ITCP) to reduce FD for older adults with hip arthroplasty. METHODS: The study was quasiexperimental, with a nonequivalent control group design...
December 13, 2017: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238389/the-role-of-physical-activity-on-mood-state-and-functional-skills-of-elderly-women
#2
Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Vinicius Dias Rodrigues, Carlos Campos, Flávia Paes, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Geraldo A Maranhão-Neto, Sergio Machado
Introduction: Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels. Materials and Methods: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the mood state and functional motor capacities of elderly women engaged in a public physical activity program in Brazil and compare them with physically inactive elderly...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236911/assessment-of-the-quality-of-life-muscle-strength-and-dynamic-balance-of-elderly-kendo-players
#3
Dário Lucas Costa de Mendonça, Angelica Castilho Alonso, Júlia Maria D'Andrea Greve, Luiz Eugênio Garcez-Leme
OBJECTIVE: To compare Kendo players with active elderly adults in terms of quality of life, functional aspects (muscle strength, postural balance) and body composition. METHODS: This was a controlled cross-sectional study. Twenty elderly individuals were divided into two groups: the Kendo group, with an average age of 71.8 (5.4) years, and the Control group, with an average age of 73.1 (4.8) years. Quality of life was evaluated using a questionnaire (WHOQOL-bref and WHOQOL-old); body composition was evaluated with a bioimpedance scale (InBody230); hand-grip strength was assessed with a portable manual dynamometer (Jamar SH 5001); flexor and extensor muscle strength of the knees was evaluated with an isokinetic device (Biode® System 3 model Biodex Multi Joint System, BIODEX); and dynamic balance was assessed using a force platform (Balance Master System, Neurocom International, Inc...
November 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236614/depression-among-older-japanese-americans-the-impact-of-functional-adl-iadl-and-cognitive-status
#4
Bum Jung Kim, Lin Liu, Susan Nakaoka, Sumi Jang, Colette Browne
PURPOSE: The objective of this article is to investigate the relationship between activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, cognitive impairment, and depression among Japanese American elders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 207 older Japanese Americans (68 years and older) was conducted in Los Angeles, California and Honolulu, Hawaii. Independent variables included activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, and cognitive functioning...
December 13, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230719/resveratrol-and-or-exercise-training-counteract-aging-associated-decline-of-physical-endurance-in-aged-mice-targeting-mitochondrial-biogenesis-and-function
#5
Marwa Hassan Muhammad, Mona Maher Allam
Mitochondrial dysfunction and decreased mitochondrial content are hallmarks of aging that leads to decreased physical endurance. Our aim was to explore the anti-aging effect of resveratrol (RSVT) supplementation, a polyphenol, and/or exercise training, started at an older age, on improving physical activity, therefore, help in frailty avoidance and promotion of healthy aging in elderly. Eighteen-month-old aged mice received RSVT (15 mg/kg/day) and/or exercise trained for 4 weeks showed significant longer time to exhaustion with decreased blood lactate and free fatty acids levels associated with improved oxidative stress evidenced by decreased gastrocnemius muscle lipid peroxidation and increased antioxidant enzymes activities, catalase and superoxide dismutase, when compared to aged mice control group...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226282/feasibility-of-conducting-a-6-month-long-home-based-exercise-program-with-protein-supplementation-in-elderly-community-dwelling-individuals-with-heart-failure
#6
Masil George, Gohar Azhar, Amanda Pangle, Eric Peeler, Amanda Dawson, Robert Coker, Kellie S Coleman, Amy Schrader, Jeanne Wei
Objective: Cardiac cachexia is a condition associated with heart failure, particularly in the elderly, and is characterized by loss of muscle mass with or without the loss of fat mass. Approximately 15% of elderly heart failure patients will eventually develop cardiac cachexia; such a diagnosis is closely associated with high morbidity and increased mortality. While the mechanism(s) involved in the progression of cardiac cachexia is incompletely established, certain factors appear to be contributory...
2017: Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#7
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220527/inverse-association-between-neck-pain-and-all-cause-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#8
Antonio Muscari, Giampaolo Bianchi, Paola Forti, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
Objective: In a previous study, we found an apparent protective effect of neck pain on all-cause mortality in subjects older than age 85 years. The present longitudinal investigation was performed to verify this unexpected finding in a larger sample and to establish its significance. Design: Population follow-up study. Setting: Three towns of Northern Italy. Subjects: We examined 5,253 community-dwelling residents age 65-102 years (55% female)...
December 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213494/performance-on-cognitive-tests-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-depressive-symptoms-of-a-community-based-sample-of-elderly-adults-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#9
Christina Martins Borges Lima, Heloisa Veiga Dias Alves, Daniel Correa Mograbi, Flávia Furtado Pereira, Jesus Landeira Fernandez, Helenice Charchat-Fichman
Objective: To describe the performance on basic cognitive tasks, instrumental activities of daily living, and depressive symptoms of a community-based sample of elderly adults in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) who participated in multiple physical, social, and cognitive activities at government-run community centers. Methods: A total of 264 educated older adults (> 60 years of age of both genders) were evaluated by the Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB), Lawton's and Pfeffer's activities of daily living indexes, and the Geriatric Depressive Scale (GDS)...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210597/spouse-s-subjective-social-status-predicts-older-adults-prospective-cognitive-functioning
#10
Fan Zhang, Helene Fung, Timothy Kwok
OBJECTIVES: The current study aims to investigate the association between subjective social status (SSS) and prospective cognitive functioning of older adults and their spouses, and to explore the potential mediating roles of health habits and physical activities in this association. METHOD: Using the longitudinal data of 512 pairs of community-dwelling older couples aged 65-91 years (M = 72.2 ± 4.6), we tested the effects of SSS in cognitive functioning using an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model...
December 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209612/anxiety-and-depression-in-the-portuguese-older-adults-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#11
Rute Dinis de Sousa, Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Jaime Da Cunha Branco, Maria João Gouveia, Helena Canhão, Sara Simões Dias
Anxiety and depression in the elderly individuals have been studied around the world, and some authors consider them among the most serious problems faced by modern societies. With recent economic crisis-very important in Southern European countries-isolation, loneliness, and exclusion of the active society, mental problems are probably raising and associated with distinct factors. In this cross-sectional analysis, nested in a longitudinal population-based cohort study, we analyze anxiety and depression prevalence, and their related factors, in a representative cohort of Portuguese seniors...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200379/gender-differences-in-psychosocial-predictors-of-self-perceived-health-status-in-the-elderly-evidence-from-a-brazilian-community-study
#12
Ana Luísa Patrão, Vicente Paulo Alves, Tiago Sousa Neiva
This article aims to identify the psychosocial factors associated with self-perceived health status in the Brazilian elderly population and to present differences related to gender. The data were collected by questionnaire, including sociodemographic and behavioral questions, and scales for psychological dimensions. Self-perceived health status is related to level of education, physical activity, and self-efficacy in the total population. Regarding gender differences, self-rated health status among men is related to education level and self-efficacy and in women to level of education, physical activity, social support, and self-efficacy...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200064/informed-consent-and-cognitive-dysfunction-after-noncardiac-surgery-in-the-elderly
#13
Kirk J Hogan, Lisa C Bratzke, Kendra L Hogan
Cognitive dysfunction 3 months after noncardiac surgery in the elderly satisfies informed consent thresholds of foreseeability in 10%-15% of patients, and materiality with new deficits observed in memory and executive function in patients with normal test performance beforehand. At present, the only safety step to avoid cognitive dysfunction after surgery is to forego surgery, thereby precluding the benefits of surgery with removal of pain and inflammation, and resumption of normal nutrition, physical activity, and sleep...
November 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198045/physical-and-mental-health-status-and-their-correlations-among-older-wheelchair-users-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-facilities
#14
Chu-Lin Chang, Kuei-Min Chen
PURPOSE: To investigate the physical health (daily functioning and functional fitness) and mental health (depression and behavioral dysfunction) of older wheelchair users with dementia in long-term care facilities, examine the correlations between physical and mental health, and identify the independent variables of their daily functioning. METHODS: A descriptive correlational method was adopted, which was conducted in six long-term care facilities in three cities, south Taiwan...
December 2, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197830/association-of-accelerometry-measured-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-events-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-the-life-lifestyle-interventions-and-independence-for-elders-study
#15
Shannon K Cochrane, Shyh-Huei Chen, Jodi D Fitzgerald, John A Dodson, Roger A Fielding, Abby C King, Mary M McDermott, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Anne B Newman, Marco Pahor, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Walter T Ambrosius, Thomas W Buford
BACKGROUND: Data are sparse regarding the value of physical activity (PA) surveillance among older adults-particularly among those with mobility limitations. The objective of this study was to examine longitudinal associations between objectively measured daily PA and the incidence of cardiovascular events among older adults in the LIFE (Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders) study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiovascular events were adjudicated based on medical records review, and cardiovascular risk factors were controlled for in the analysis...
December 2, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188897/better-body-composition-and-lipid-profile-can-be-associated-with-vitamin-d-status-in-spanish-elderly-the-physmed-study
#16
W N Souza, R Aparicio-Ugarriza, M M Bibiloni, G Palacios, I Aguilar, J A Tur, M González-Gross
Studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency increases the risk for lipid metabolism disorders, but this relationship has provided inconsistent results in elderly. Thus the aim was to assess the association between body composition and blood lipid profile levels on serum 25-hydrovitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration in Spanish elderly. A cross-sectional multicentre study was carried out in 383 participants (58.2% females) aged of 55-88 years. Fasting blood samples analyzed serum concentrations of 25(OH)D, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188878/effect-of-a-6-month-brisk-walking-program-on-walking-endurance-in-sedentary-and-physically-deconditioned-women-aged-60-or-older-a-randomized-trial
#17
H Blain, A Jaussent, M-C Picot, L Maimoun, O Coste, T Masud, J Bousquet, P L Bernard
BACKGROUND: Walking endurance is a predictor of healthy ageing. OBJECTIVE: To examine if a 6-month brisk walking program can increase walking endurance in sedentary and physically deconditioned older women. TRIAL DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Women recruited from public meetings aimed at promoting physical activity in women aged 60 or older. SUBJECTS: 121 women aged 65.7 ± 4.3 years, with sedentary lifestyle (Physical Activity Questionnaire for the Elderly score < 9...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188870/association-between-siesta-daytime-sleep-dietary-patterns-and-the-presence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-elderly-living-in-mediterranean-area-medis-study-the-moderating-effect-of-gender
#18
E N Georgousopoulou, N Naumovski, D D Mellor, S Tyrovolas, S Piscopo, G Valacchi, N Tsakountakis, A Zeimbekis, V Bountziouka, E Gotsis, G Metallinos, D Tyrovola, J Kellett, A Foscolou, J-A Tur, A-L Matalas, C Lionis, E Polychronopoulos, L Sidossis, D Panagiotakos
OBJECTIVES: Several lifestyle parameters including diet, physical activity and sleep were associated in isolation with the presence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in adults, to date there is a paucity of studies which evaluated their combined role aging populations and especially with respect to gender. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide a global consideration of the lifestyle factors associated with MetS among elderly individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188859/cognitive-performance-does-not-limit-physical-activity-participation-in-the-lifestyle-interventions-and-independence-for-elders-pilot-study-life-p
#19
K F Reid, M P Walkup, J A Katula, K M Sink, S Anton, R Axtell, D R Kerwin, A C King, F Kramer, M E Miller, V Myers, C Rosano, S A Studenski, O L Lopez, J Verghese, R A Fielding, J Williamson
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether multiple domains of baseline cognitive performance were associated with prospective physical activity (PA) adherence in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot study (LIFE-P). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: The LIFE-P study was a single-blind, multicenter, randomized controlled trial of a PA intervention compared to a successful aging educational intervention in sedentary, mobility-limited older adults. INTERVENTION: A 12-month structured, moderate-intensity, multi-modal PA program that included walking, resistance training, and flexibility exercises...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188137/listening-to-the-voices-of-the-people-community-s-assessment-of-disaster-responder-agency-performance-during-disaster-situations-in-rural-northern-ghana
#20
Stephen Apanga, Gregory Titi Addebah, Dennis Chirawurah
Introduction: In Northern Ghana, a combination of torrential rains coupled with the spilling of the Bagre dam in neighboring Burkina Faso in the past few years has resulted in perennial flooding of communities. This has often led to the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMAO) the main disaster responder agency in Ghana, being called upon to act. However affected communities have never had the opportunity to evaluate the activities of the agency. The aim of this study is therefore to assess the performance of the main responder agency by affected community members to improve on future disaster management...
September 20, 2017: PLoS Currents
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