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Physical activity and elder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931059/is-migration-at-older-age-associated-with-poorer-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-chinese-older-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#1
Man Guo, Meredith Stensland, Mengting Li, Xinqi Dong, Agnes Tiwari
Background and Objectives: The migrating age of an individual has far-reaching implications for their acculturation experience, social integration, and well-being. This study addressed two questions: Is migrating at older age associated with poorer psychological well-being? If so, what factors account for such differences? Research Design and Methods: Using data of 3,138 Chinese elderly people in Chicago, we compared the levels of depression and quality of life among individuals who migrated in young adulthood (before 35), adulthood (35-49), midlife (50-64), and later life (65+)...
June 20, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927754/the-burden-of-chronic-breathlessness-across-the-population
#2
Zainab Ahmadi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic breathlessness is a common and distressing symptom globally. It is associated with major adverse health outcomes. This review provides an overview of new evidence about the prevalence of chronic breathlessness in the population. RECENT FINDINGS: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE database including studies on prevalence of chronic breathlessness and its impact on the community published between 2016 and 2018. Identified studies were divided into four themes: breathlessness in relation to sex, BMI, quality of life and age (the elderly)...
June 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924801/the-time-has-come-to-eliminate-the-gaps-in-the-under-recognized-burden-of-elder-mistreatment-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-eastern-nepal
#3
Uday Narayan Yadav, Man Kumar Tamang, Grish Paudel, Bharat Kafle, Suresh Mehta, Varalakshmi Chandra Sekaran, Jeroen R J H Gruiskens
BACKGROUND: Elder mistreatment is a well-recognized public health issue with complex underlying factors. The current study hypothesized that there is no effect of any of the following factors on any type of elder mistreatment: ethnicity, age group, education status, gender, living arrangement, concentration problems, medication for any disease, income level of caregiver, use of alcohol and tobacco products, and dependence on family or caregivers for daily activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 339 elders adults aged 60 or above residing in a rural part of eastern Nepal between August and November 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924184/the-influence-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-combined-with-the-pilates-method-on-lung-function-in-elderly-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Guilherme Medeiros de Alvarenga, Simone Arando Charkovski, Larissa Kelin Dos Santos, Mayara Alves Barbosa da Silva, Guilherme Oliveira Tomaz, Humberto Remigio Gamba
OBJECTIVE: Aging is progressive, and its effects on the respiratory system include changes in the composition of the connective tissues of the lung that influence thoracic and lung compliance. The Powerbreathe® K5 is a device used for inspiratory muscle training with resistance adapted to the level of the inspiratory muscles to be trained. The Pilates method promotes muscle rebalancing exercises that emphasize the powerhouse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of inspiratory muscle training combined with the Pilates method on lung function in elderly women...
2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923978/correlations-between-health-promoting-lifestyle-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-elderly-people-with-hypertension-in-hengyang-hunan-china
#5
Jianzhi Li, Jiangdong Yu, Xi Chen, Xuewen Quan, Lan Zhou
Hypertension is considered as an important public health problem in developed and developing countries. The disease is closely associated with health-promoting lifestyle (HPL), and it seems that HPL plays an important role in improving health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This cross-sectional study is to investigate the effects of health-promoting lifestyle (HPL) on health-related quality of life in elderly people with hypertension from a community health service center in Hengyang, Hunan, PR China.Totally 530 elderly patients with hypertension from the community health service center were included in this study, who were asked to fill in a questionnaire (504 patients responded)...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923443/preliminary-study-about-the-relationship-between-estimated-training-status-and-ras-polymorphisms-on-blood-pressure-and-ace-activity-in-the-elderly
#6
Roberta Fernanda da Silva, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, Thiago José Dionísio, AndréMourão Jacomini, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, Sandra Lia Amaral, Carlos Ferreira Santos, Anderson Saranz Zago
OBJECTIVE: Polymorphisms of the renin angiotensin system (RAS) are associated with increases in blood pressure (BP). Physical exercise has been considered the main strategy to prevent this increase. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between estimated training status (TS), BP and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in elderly people classified as low or high risk to develop hypertension according to genetic profile. METHODS: A total of 155 elderly participants performed the following assessments: general functional fitness index (GFFI), systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP), blood collection for ACE activity and analyses of the RAS polymorphisms...
April 2018: Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System: JRAAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916056/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-the-role-of-physical-therapy-on-the-clinical-outcome-in-the-mid-term-to-long-term-follow-up
#7
Stephan Uschok, Sebastian Herrmann, Stephan Pauly, Carsten Perka, Stefan Greiner
INTRODUCTION: Reverse shoulder arthroplasty shifts the rotational center of the shoulder joint caudally and medially to restore shoulder function in a rotator cuff deficient shoulder. Despite promising results in early- and mid-term follow-up, long-term loss in shoulder function has been described in the literature. A lack of exercise in elderly patients may be one reason for this loss in function. This study examines the functional benefits of physical therapy in the mid-term to long-term follow-up regarding the subjective and objective shoulder function...
June 19, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915435/lifestyle-intervention-using-internet-of-things-iot-for-the-elderly-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial-the-best-life-study
#8
Sawako Kato, Masahiko Ando, Takaaki Kondo, Yasuko Yoshida, Hiroyuki Honda, Shoichi Maruyama
Modification of lifestyle habits, including diet and physical activity, is essential for the prevention and control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in elderly patients. However, individualized treatment is more critical for the elderly than for general patients. This study aimed to determine lifestyle interventions that resulted in lowering hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ) in Japanese pre- and early diabetic elderly subjects. The BEST-LIFE trial is an ongoing, open-label, 6-month, randomized (1:1) parallel group trial...
May 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914206/association-between-access-to-public-open-spaces-and-physical-activity-in-a-mediterranean-population-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#9
Antoni Colom, Miguel Fiol, Maurici Ruiz, Montserrat Compa, Marga Morey, Manuel Moñino, Dora Romaguera
Background : Regular physical activity is an important preventive factor of cardiovascular disease. Proximity and density of public open spaces are important modifying factors on the practice of physical activity. This article explores the cross-sectional relationship between access to public open spaces (POS) and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in elderly participants at high cardiovascular risk from PREDIMED-Baleares. Method : 428 elderly subjects at high cardiovascular risk, participating in the PREDIMED trial, from Palma de Mallorca (Spain) were assessed using Geographic Information Systems, and access to POS was determined...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910755/promoting-well-being-in-old-age-the-psychological-benefits-of-two-training-programs-of-adapted-physical-activity
#10
Antonella Delle Fave, Marta Bassi, Elena S Boccaletti, Carlotta Roncaglione, Giuseppina Bernardelli, Daniela Mari
In the last few decades, the relationship between physical conditions and mental health has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers and professionals across disciplines. This relationship is especially relevant in old age, as the challenges posed by aging at various levels represent crucial concerns for policy makers. Due to the remarkable increase in life expectancy across countries, sustainable prevention strategies are needed to help individuals preserve psychophysical well-being in old age. In particular, the regular practice of a moderately intense physical activity is recommended by the World Health Organization to enhance balance, prevent falls, strengthen muscles, and promote psychophysical well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904639/effects-of-walking-on-coronary-heart-disease-in-elderly-men-with-diabetes
#11
Chieko Kimata, Bradley Willcox, Beatriz L Rodriguez
Previous studies have shown that walking is associated with increased longevity and a reduced risk of cardiovascular and age-related diseases. Whether walking benefits individuals with diabetes who are at high risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) remains to be determined. The objective of this study is to examine the association between walking and risk of CHD among elderly men with and without diabetes. Walking data was assessed in 2732 men aged 71 to 93 years participating in the Honolulu Heart Program from 1991-1993...
June 2018: Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903789/prevalence-and-clustering-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-nanjing-adults-in-china
#12
Xin Hong, Qing Ye, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Huafeng Yang, Shengxiang Qi, Xupeng Chen, Chenchen Wang, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs), and investigate the association between relevant characteristics and CRF clustering among adults in eastern China. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected by interview survey, physical measurements and laboratory examinations from the 2011 Nanjing Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 41 072 residents aged ≥18 years volunteered to participate in the survey, with a response rate of 91...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903645/the-impact-of-sarcopenia-on-incident-homebound-status-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Kazuki Uemura, Hyuma Makizako, Sangyoon Lee, Takehiko Doi, Sungchul Lee, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: Whether sarcopenia predicts incident homebound status remains unclear. This prospective cohort study aimed to determine the impact of sarcopenia on the incidence of homebound status in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: The study included 3958 community-dwelling elderly people aged ≥65 years who were not homebound at baseline. Sarcopenia was defined as the presence of both poor muscle function (low physical performance or low muscle strength) and low muscle mass...
July 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903607/improvement-of-physical-activity-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-by-pulmonary-rehabilitation-and-pharmacological-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Takanobu Shioya, Susumu Sato, Masahiro Iwakura, Hitomi Takahashi, Yoshino Terui, Sachiko Uemura, Masahiro Satake
Physical activity (PA) is defined as bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles with energy expenditure beyond resting levels. PA is closely related to reduced morbidity and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Self-report questionnaires are often subject to recall bias, correlating poorly with objectively qualified PA, and do not provide an accurate estimate of free-living energy expenditure. PA may be objectively evaluated by newly developed tri-axial accelerometers by quantifying steps or body movements over a period of time...
June 11, 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903220/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-low-body-weight-among-45-years-old-and-over-residents-in-general-rural-areas-in-2010-2012-in-china
#15
Qingqing Man, Shaojie Pang, Hui Wang, Yuqian Li, Lixiang Li, Jingzhong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To know the prevalence of low body weight among middleaged and elderly people in general rural areas of China and investigate the influence factors. METHODS: A total of 25 464 participants who were 45 years old and above from2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance as subjects to investigate the prevalence of low body weight. For 545 low body weight participants, we performed a1∶ 2 case-control study to investigate the influence factors...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899711/unchanged-erythrocyte-profile-after-exposure-to-cryogenic-temperatures-in-elder-marathon-runners
#16
Jadwiga Szymura, Magdalena Wiecek, Marcin Maciejczyk, Joanna Gradek, Malgorzata Kantorowicz, Zbigniew Szygula
Objective: Endurance runners may experience "sports anemia" resulting from intravascular hemolysis. In addition, aging has negative impact on hematopoiesis and rheological properties of blood, and erythrocyte membranes in older people are more vulnerable to oxidative damage, which together can lead to anemia. Whole-body cryostimulation (WBCST) is increasingly used in the elderly as a method of biological regeneration of athletes or therapy and preventive treatment. That is why the aim of the study was to determine whether repeated WBCST had an effect on the erythrocyte system in master marathon runners, compared to non-training men...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898680/association-between-health-risks-and-frailty-in-relation-to-the-degree-of-housing-damage-among-elderly-survivors-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#17
M Tsubota-Utsugi, Y Yonekura, K Tanno, M Nozue, H Shimoda, N Nishi, K Sakata, S Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Many survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred in 2011 were at risk of deteriorating health, especially elderly people living in disaster-stricken areas. The objectives of this prospective study were: a) to clarify the different lifestyle and psychosocial factors associated with frailty by sex among the non-disabled elderly survivors, and b) to describe the differences in characteristics stratified by the degree of disaster-related housing damage. METHODS: We followed 2261 Japanese survivors aged ≥65 years (45...
June 4, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898166/disability-relating-to-basic-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-a-zopulation-based-study-with-elderly-in-pelotas-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil-2014
#18
Simone Farías-Antúnez, Natália Peixoto Lima, Isabel Oliveira Bierhals, Ana Paula Gomes, Luna Strieder Vieira, Elaine Tomasi
OBJECTIVE: to estimate the prevalence of disability related to basic and instrumental activities of daily living and its association with socioeconomic, demographic, behavioral and health characteristics in the elderly. METHODS: population-based cross-sectional study in Pelotas, Brazil, in 2014; Katz and Lawton scales were used to assess the outcomes using Poisson regression. RESULTS: the study included 1.451 elderly individuals; the prevalence of disability for basic and instrumental activities was 36...
June 11, 2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896891/succeed-supporting-a-comprehensive-coordinated-evaluation-of-the-elderly-with-diabetes-integrating-cognitive-physical-assessment-into-the-evaluation-process
#19
Rachel Natovich, Noa Gayus, Michal Azmon, Hila Michal, Omri Gury Twito, Tomer Yair, Romi Noy Achiron, Neta Kraviz, Nadia Mordenfeld, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe
BACKGROUND: Successful aging with diabetes is challenged by co-morbidities which may present barriers to self-care. Currently, measurement of physical and cognitive status is not part of routine care of the older person with diabetes and these are not taken into account when devising the treatment plan. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel approach that integrates cognitive and physical assessment into the routine evaluation of the older person with diabetes & the tailor-made treatment plan devised accordingly...
June 13, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894976/biomechanical-approach-in-facilitating-long-distance-walking-of-elderly-people-using-footwear-modifications
#20
Mustafa Mohamed Osman Elhadi, Christina Zong-Hao Ma, Wing Kai Lam, Winson Chiu-Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: Long-distance walking is a convenient way for prompting physical activity of elderly people. However, walking ability declines with aging. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study assessed if silicone insoles with heel lifts (named here the prescribed insoles) could facilitate long-distance walking of older adults. METHODS: Fifteen adults aged over 65, who did not have obvious lower-limb problems, walked on a treadmill for totally 60 min in two separate walking sessions: 1) with the prescribed insoles, and 2) with original insoles of the standardized shoes...
June 4, 2018: Gait & Posture
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