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Physical activity and elder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053973/duration-of-moderate-to-vigorous-daily-activity-is-negatively-associated-with-slow-walking-speed-independently-from-step-counts-in-elderly-women-aged-75-years-or-over-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Takuji Adachi, Yuji Kono, Kotaro Iwatsu, Yuko Shimizu, Sumio Yamada
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed 1) to examine whether objectively measured duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was associated with slow walking speed, independent from step counts, in elderly women aged 75 or over (old-old) and 2) to determine a possible cut-off value for duration of MVPA related to slow walking speed. METHODS: Participants were 350 community-dwelling old-old women. Slow walking speed was defined as usual walking speed <1.0m/s...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044302/functional-ability-in-younger-and-older-elderlies-after-discharge-from-the-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-cohort
#2
Camila Dietrich, Juliana Rezende Cardoso, Fernanda Vargas, Evelin Carneiro Sanchez, Francine Hoffmann Dutra, Cátia Moreira, Marina Bessel, Caroline Robinson, Maicon Falavigna, Cassiano Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: To compare the functional capacity of younger elderly individuals (60 to 79 years old) with that of older elderly individuals (≥ 80 years old) during the first 6 months after discharge from the intensive care unit. METHODS: A multicenter prospective cohort study was conducted, in which data on intensive care unit admission and outcomes after hospital discharge (immediate post-discharge, after 3 months and after 6 months) were collected. Muscle strength was evaluated through the protocol of the Medical Research Council and dynamometry (handgrip); the ability to perform activities of daily life and functional independence were assessed by the Barthel index and the usual level of physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire); and quality of life was assessed by the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey Version 2...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033325/effect-of-lower-limb-progressive-resistance-exercise-after-hip-fracture-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-studies
#3
Sang Yoon Lee, Byung-Ho Yoon, Jaewon Beom, Yong-Chan Ha, Jae-Young Lim
OBJECTIVE: Although several studies have reported the effect of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) after hip fracture surgery, little is known about the functional efficacy of PRE. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate whether PRE can improve (1) mobility and (2) other physical functions in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery. METHODS: Eight randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of PRE after hip fracture surgery were retrieved from a PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library search...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029627/determinants-of-self-rated-health-among-shanghai-elders-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Weizhen Dong, Jin Wan, Yanjun Xu, Chun Chen, Ge Bai, Lyuying Fang, Anjiang Sun, Yinghua Yang, Ying Wang
BACKGROUND: As the most populous nation in the world, China has now becoming an emerging ageing society. Shanghai is the first city facing the challenge of ageing demographics. Against this background, a study that employs self-rated health (SRH) assessment system was designed to explore the health status of Shanghai elders, and learn their attitudes toward health issues; as well as to investigate the determinants of SRH among Shanghai elders. Understanding SRH is crucial for finding appropriate solutions that could effectively tackle the increasing eldercare demand...
October 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029009/the-effect-of-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-all-cause-mortality-in-hong-kong-chinese-older-people
#5
Zhihui Lu, Jean Woo, Timothy Kwok
Background: It is unclear whether physical activity (PA) could predict all-cause mortality independently of cardiorespiratory fitness, and there are relatively few studies evaluating the combined effect of PA and cardiorespiratory fitness on mortality. Methods: We invited 1,242 Chinese older adults aged 69 to 94 years from the MrOs and MsOs cohort (Hong Kong) study for a 7-year follow-up. PA was measured by the Physical Activity Scale of the Elderly (PASE). Cardiorespiratory fitness, expressed as maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), was assessed by performing symptom-limited maximal exercise testing on an electrically braked bicycle ergometer and 6-meter walk test...
September 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027263/on-the-use-of-a-six-level-scale-for-physical-activity
#6
REVIEW
G Grimby, K Frändin
The four-level questionnaire to assess leisure time physical activity (PA) originally described by Saltin and Grimby has been extended to a six (or seven) level questionnaire, especially for the elderly or other persons with a low level of PA, expanded to include household activities. There are currently two main versions, one used in Swedish, Danish, and Norwegian studies and one with further modifications used in Finnish studies. In this review, predictive validity for mortality and different aspects of physical performance are demonstrated...
October 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025824/development-of-an-evidence-based-complex-intervention-for-community-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-fracture-using-realist-review-survey-and-focus-groups
#7
Jessica Louise Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Michelle Williams, Claire A Hawkes, Joanna M Charles, Zoe Hoare, Val Morrison, Swapna Alexander, Andrew Lemmey, Catherine Sackley, Phillipa Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn H Williams
OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence and theory-based complex intervention for improving outcomes in elderly patients following hip fracture. DESIGN: Complex-intervention development (Medical Research Council (MRC) framework phase I) using realist literature review, surveys and focus groups of patients and rehabilitation teams. SETTING: North Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Surveys of therapy managers (n=13), community and hospital-based physiotherapists (n=129) and occupational therapists (n=68) throughout the UK...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021420/relationships-between-neighborhood-attributes-and-subjective-well-being-among-the-chinese-elderly-data-from-shanghai
#8
Junling Gao, Scott R Weaver, Hua Fu, Yingnan Jia, Jiang Li
It has been hypothesized that subjective well-being (SWB) is determined by a combination of individual characteristics, social environment, and physical environment. However, few studies have simultaneously examined the relationships of the social and physical attributes of a neighborhood with SWB. Accordingly, the present study aimed to examine these relationships among Chinese elders. A total of 2,719 elders aged 60 years or older were recruited from 47 neighborhoods in the Xinhua subdistrict of Shanghai by two-stage stratified random sampling and interviewed between July and September 2014...
October 11, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993048/total-physical-activity-exercise-intensity-and-walking-speed-as-predictors-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-over-7%C3%A2-years-in-older-men-the-concord-health-and-aging-in-men-project
#9
Benjumin Hsu, Dafna Merom, Fiona M Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, Vasant Hirani, David G Le Couteur, Markus J Seibel, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Robert G Cumming
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the contemporaneous temporal association between changes in total physical activity, sports intensity, muscle strengthening exercise, and walking speed as predictors of all-cause, cardiovascular, cancer and other cause-specific mortality in older men. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Community-dwelling men aged 70 years and older from Concord Health and Aging in Men Project were assessed at baseline (2005-2007, n = 1705), 2 years (n = 1367), and 5 years follow-up (n = 958)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992129/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-loss-of-physical-function-in-elderly-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Shingo Fukuma, Sayaka Shimizu, Ayumi Shintani, Tsukasa Kamitani, Tadao Akizawa, Shunichi Fukuhara
Background: Among aging hemodialysis patients, loss of physical function has become a major issue. We developed and validated a model of predicting loss of physical function among elderly hemodialysis patients. Methods: We conducted a cohort study involving maintenance hemodialysis patients  ≥65 years of age from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Pattern Study in Japan. The derivation cohort included 593 early phase (1996-2004) patients and the temporal validation cohort included 447 late-phase (2005-12) patients...
September 5, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991289/physical-activity-and-its-association-with-chronic-diseases-in-the-elderly-in-11-cities-of-peru
#11
Christian R Mejia, Araseli Verastegui-Díaz, Dante M Quiñones-Laveriano, Germán Aranzabal-Alegría, Virgilio E Failoc-Rojas
Aim: To determine the frequency of physical activity and its association with chronic diseases in the elderly in eleven cities of Peru. Methods: A cross-sectional study of secondary data was conducted; the dependent variable was not the realization of physical activity, chronic disease and other physio-anthropometric variables were independent variables. For bivariate and multivariate analysis generalized linear models were used. A confidence level of 95% and p < 0...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988375/long-term-care-needs-in-the-context-of-poverty-and-population-aging-the-case-of-older-persons-in-myanmar
#12
Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan, John Knodel
Myanmar is one of the poorest and least healthy countries in Southeast Asia. As elsewhere in the region, population aging is occurring. Yet the government welfare and health systems have done little to address the long-term care (LTC) needs of the increasing number of older persons thus leaving families to cope on their own. Our study, based on the 2012 Myanmar Aging Survey, documents the LTC needs of persons aged 60 and older and how they are met within the context of the family. Nearly 40% of persons in their early 60s and 90% of those 80 and older reported at least one physical difficulty...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988219/differences-in-levels-of-albumin-alt-ast-%C3%AE-gt-and-creatinine-in-frail-moderately-healthy-and-healthy-elderly-individuals
#13
Maria Edvardsson, Märtha Sund-Levander, Anna Milberg, Ewa Wressle, Jan Marcusson, Ewa Grodzinsky
BACKGROUND: Reference intervals are widely used as decision tools, providing the physician with information about whether the analyte values indicate ongoing disease process. Reference intervals are generally based on individuals without diagnosed diseases or use of medication, which often excludes elderly. The aim of the study was to assess levels of albumin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatinine and γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) in frail, moderately healthy and healthy elderly indivuduals...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987919/sedentary-behavior-and-anxiety-association-and-influential-factors-among-42-469-community-dwelling-adults-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
D Vancampfort, B Stubbs, M P Herring, M Hallgren, A Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between sedentary behavior (SB) and anxiety, and explored factors that influence this relationship in six low- and middle-income countries. METHOD: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between anxiety and self-reported SB. Potentially influential factors were examined with mediation analysis...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987642/handgrip-strength-shows-no-improvements-in-geriatric-patients-with-persistent-inflammation-during-hospitalization
#15
Kristoffer Larsen Norheim, Ivan Bautmans, Michael Kjaer
PURPOSE: Hospital-associated deconditioning due to a combination of illness and inactivity is a serious problem for elderly adults. Here we investigate whether persistence in inflammatory status affects changes in physical function during short-term hospitalization. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study in elderly medical patients at a geriatric department. Measurements were obtained at admission and one week after admission and included de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) test, 30-second chair stand test (30-s CST), 4-m gait speed (4-m GST) test, handgrip strength, activity levels determined with ActivPALs, and concentrations of circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) from blood samples...
October 5, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987342/where-and-when-adolescents-are-physically-active-neighborhood-environment-and-psychosocial-correlates-and-their-interactions
#16
L G Perez, T L Conway, E M Arredondo, J P Elder, J Kerr, T L McKenzie, J F Sallis
Female adolescents are less active than male peers in certain contexts including the neighborhood. Adolescents' physical activity can be explained by interactions between environmental and psychosocial factors, but few studies have tested such interactions in relation to context-specific behaviors. This study tested interactions between neighborhood environmental and psychosocial factors in relation to adolescents' context-specific physical activity. Data were collected in 2009-11 from 910 adolescents and a parent/guardian residing in the Baltimore/Seattle regions...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984092/patterns-of-changes-in-functional-and-neurocognitive-status-in-elderly-patients-after-transcatheter-vs-surgical-aortic-valve-replacements
#17
Marta Załęska-Kocięcka, Anna Skrobisz, Sebastian Woźniak, Lidia Greszata, Maciej Dąbrowski, Maciej Grabowski, Katarzyna Piotrowska, Anna Konopka, Marek Banaszewski, Anna Mierzynska
BACKGROUND: Replacement of severely stenotic aortic valve may influence cognitive and physical functioning. The aim of this study was to compare cognitive and functional status after surgical (SAVR) vs transcatheter aortic valve replacements (TAVR) in the elderly with severe aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: It was a prospective observational study with over 6 months of follow-up. Eighty ≥70-year-old patients with AS underwent TAVR (n=40) or SAVR (n=40). Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE), Activities Daily Living (ADL) score and Instrumental Activities Daily Living (IADL) score were used to assess the cognitive status, fundamental functioning and complex independent living skills, respectively...
October 4, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983441/high-value-care-in-the-evaluation-of-stroke
#18
Prakrity Urja, Eric H Nippoldt, Virginia Barak, Carrie Valenta
Value-based care emphasizes achieving the greatest overall health benefit for every dollar spent. We present an interesting case of stroke, which made us consider how frequently health care providers are utilizing value-based care. A 73-year-old Caucasian, who was initially admitted for a hypertensive emergency, was transferred to our facility for worsening slurring of speech and left-sided weakness. The patient had an extensive chronic cerebrovascular disease, including multiple embolic type strokes, mainly in the distribution of the right temporal-occipital cerebral artery and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)...
August 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982339/healthcare-expenditures-related-to-bmi-and-physical-activity-among-diabetic-older-people-cross-sectio-nal-analysis-of-sabe-study
#19
Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Manuela de Almeida Roediger, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte
BACKGROUND: The age is a variable positively related to healthcare expenditures Diabetes (DM), however other factors could also be associated. Physical activity, normal weight and engagement on walking would be inversely associated to healthcare expenditures related to DM control. The aim of this study was to describe healthcare diabetic-related expenditures and analyze the associations with body mass index (BMI), physical activity level (PAL), and engagement in walking among Brazilians older people...
October 4, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982190/weight-loss-from-20-years-of-age-is-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals
#20
Kaori Kitamura, Yumi Watanabe, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Akemi Takahashi, Ribeka Takachi, Rieko Oshiki, Ryosaku Kobayashi, Toshiko Saito, Shoichiro Tsugane, Ayako Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Few empirical studies have been conducted to identify modifiable factors that may affect cognitive impairment in Japanese individuals. The present study aimed to clarify whether body mass and lifestyle are associated with cognitive impairment in Japanese middle-aged and elderly individuals. METHODS: Subjects were 1814 community-dwelling individuals aged 44-79 years, all of whom were participants of the Murakami Cohort Study baseline survey conducted in 2011-2013...
2017: PloS One
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