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Physical activity and elder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454336/change-in-physical-activity-level-and-clinical-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-knee-pain-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Peter R Croft, Reuben O Ogollah, Melanie A Holden
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions improve clinical outcomes of pain and function in adults with knee pain due to osteoarthritis and higher levels of physical activity are associated with lower severity of pain and higher levels of physical functioning in older adults with knee osteoarthritis in cross-sectional studies. However, to date no studies have investigated if change in physical activity level during exercise interventions can explain clinical outcomes of pain and function. This study aimed to investigate if change in physical activity during exercise interventions is associated with future pain and physical function in older adults with knee pain...
February 17, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451638/-association-between-health-anthropometric-indexes-with-physical-fitness-in-physically-active-elderly-women
#2
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Samuel Durán-Agüero, José Zapata-Bastias, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
OBJECTIVE: To associate health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness of elderly women (EW) who participate in physical exercise workshops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 272 Chilean women over 60 years took part in the study. The variables studied were BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-height index (WHI) and physical fitness (PF). Correlations were made through the Pearson or Spearman coefficient, and bivariate associations using Pearson's Chi-square and the Fisher's exact test, considering p<0...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451616/counseling-by-health-professionals-and-healthy-behaviors-among-the-elderly-population-based-study-in-pelotas-south-of-brazil-2014
#3
Thaynã Ramos Flores, Ana Paula Gomes, Ana Luiza Gonçalves Soares, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Helen Gonçalves, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the association between counseling by health care professionals and healthy behaviors among the elderly. METHODS: population-based, cross-sectional study with elderly individuals (≥60 years) interviewed in 2014; Poisson regression was used to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) of associations between counseling by health professionals on the reduction of salt, sugar and fat and on the practice of physical activity during the year previous to the interview and healthy behaviors...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449497/rheumatologists-views-and-experiences-in-managing-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-elderly-patients-a-qualitative-study
#4
Jill Nawrot, Annelies Boonen, Ralph Peeters, Mirian Starmans, Marloes van Onna
OBJECTIVE: In this qualitative study we analyzed the (1) influence of age, comorbidity, and frailty on management goals in elderly patients with RA; (2) experiences of rheumatologists regarding the use of the Disease Activity Score at 28 joints (DAS28) to monitor disease activity; and (3) differences in management strategies in elderly patients with RA compared to their younger counterparts. METHODS: Rheumatologists were purposively sampled for a semistructured interview...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449204/national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-of-the-portuguese-general-population-2015-2016-protocol-for-design-and-development
#5
Carla Lopes, Duarte Torres, Andreia Oliveira, Milton Severo, Sofia Guiomar, Violeta Alarcão, Elisabete Ramos, Sara Rodrigues, Sofia Vilela, Luísa Oliveira, Jorge Mota, Pedro J Teixeira, Paulo J Nicola, Simão Soares, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of food consumption data using harmonized methodologies at the European level is fundamental to support the development of public policies. Portugal is one of the countries with the most outdated information on individual food consumption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and methodology of the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016, developed to collect national and regional data on dietary habits, physical activity (PA), and nutritional status, in a representative sample of the Portuguese general population (3 months-84 years)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446092/association-of-salivary-lactate-dehydrogenase-level-with-systemic-inflammation-in-a-japanese-population
#6
N Miyoshi, T Tanigawa, S Nishioka, K Maruyama, E Eguchi, K Tanaka, I Saito, K Yamazaki, Y Miyake
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was reported to be a useful parameter for the screening of periodontal disease. We performed a cross-sectional study to verify the usefulness of salivary LDH as a biomarker of periodontitis and to investigate the association of severity of periodontitis with systemic inflammation by measuring salivary LDH and serum high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in a community-based middle-aged and elderly population in Japan...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432893/improvement-of-cognitive-functions-in-response-to-a-regular-nordic-walking-training-in-elderly-women-a-change-dependent-on-the-training-experience
#7
A Gmiąt, J Jaworska, K Micielska, J Kortas, K Prusik, K Prusik, M Lipowski, A Radulska, N Szupryczyńska, J Antosiewicz, E Ziemann
Although regular physical activity is known to benefit health of aging populations, there are still many factors, which regulate exercise-induced adaptive changes. Among many vitamin D and myokines are under consideration. We, therefore, evaluated the influence of a single session of and regular Nordic Walking (NW) training combined with vitamin D supplementation on cognitive functions and muscle strength and some elements of the amino-acid profile. Thirty-five healthy elderly women (68 ± 5 years old) from health promotion programmes took part in the study...
February 9, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431107/ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-the-prevalence-and-severity-of-aortic-stenosis-in-elderly-patients
#8
Morten Sengeløv, Susan Cheng, Tor Biering-Sørensen, Kunihiro Matsushita, Suma Konety, Scott D Solomon, Aaron R Folsom, Amil M Shah
BACKGROUND: The relationship between ideal cardiovascular health reflected in the cardiovascular health score (CVHS) and valvular heart disease is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of CVHS attainment through midlife to late life with aortic stenosis prevalence and severity in late life. METHODS AND RESULTS: The following 6 ideal cardiovascular health metrics were assessed in ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study participants at 5 examination visits between 1987 and 2013 (visits 1-4 in 1987-1998 and visit 5 in 2011-2013): smoking, body mass index, total cholesterol, blood pressure, physical activity, and blood glucose...
February 3, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430243/the-effect-of-motion-artifacts-on-near-infrared-spectroscopy-nirs-data-and-proposal-of-a-video-nirs-system
#9
Masayuki Satoh, Keisuke Okamoto, Ken-Ichi Tabei, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto, Hideo Eda
Aims: The aims of this study were (1) to investigate the influence of physical movement on near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) data, (2) to establish a video-NIRS system which simultaneously records NIRS data and the subject's movement, and (3) to measure the oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) concentration change (Δoxy-Hb) during a word fluency (WF) task. Experiment 1: In 5 healthy volunteers, we measured the oxy-Hb and deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) concentrations during 11 kinds of facial, head, and extremity movements...
September 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424145/-mid-term-follow-up-study-of-hip-arthroplasty-for-internal-fixation-failure-of-femoral-intertrochanteric-fractures-in-the-elderly
#10
Qi-Cai Sun, Xuan-Liang Ru, Zhi-Gang Qian, Li-Dong Wu, Shi-Gui Yan, Xiang-Hua Wang
OBJECTIVE: To retrospective analysis the mid-term follow-up effect of hip joint replacement in elderly patients with failure of intertrochanteric fractures of the hip joint internal fixation. METHODS: From December 2008 to December 2011, 32 elderly patients underwent arthroplasty after intertrochanteric fracture fixation failure, of which, 4 death cases were excluded from the study, and the remaining 28 cases were in the study group. The age of patients ranged from 69 to 83 years old with a mean of 75 years old...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419697/frail-and-pre-frail-phenotype-is-associated-with-pain-in-older-hiv-infected-patients
#11
Nathalie Petit, Patricia Enel, Isabelle Ravaux, Albert Darque, Karine Baumstarck, Sylvie Bregigeon, Frédérique Retornaz
As HIV-infected patients grow older, some accumulate multiple health problems earlier than the noninfected ones in particular frailty phenotypes. Patients with frailty phenotype are at higher risk of adverse outcomes (worsening mobility, disability, hospitalization, and death within three years).Our study aimed to evaluate prevalence of frailty in elderly HIV-infected patients and to assess whether frailty is associated with HIV and geriatric factors, comorbidities, and precariousness in a French cohort of older HIV infected...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417018/lacunae-in-noncommunicable-disease-control-program-need-to-focus-on-adherence-issues
#12
Tarundeep Singh, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Gopal Singh Moond
Introduction: Chronic non communicable diseases in India have increased in magnitude with earlier onset and more likelihood of complications. Much emphasis is given to early diagnosis and timely treatment. Additionally, tertiary prevention through medication adherence is needed to limit disability and prevent early onset of complications. This study was aimed to assess the magnitude of medication and lifestyle adherence among elderly patients suffering from diabetes and hypertension in rural areas of Punjab...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416580/evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-second-hip-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#13
Sabri Batin, Firat Ozan, Kaan Gurbuz, Semmi Koyuncu, Fatih Vatansever, Erdal Uzun
Background: Hip fracture is a worldwide public health problem that primarily affects osteoporotic individuals and the elderly. A second hip fracture can occur in elderly patients who have already suffered an initial hip fracture. The aim of this study was to investigate possible risk factors for second hip fractures in elderly patients with hip fractures. Methods: Between 2010 and 2014, 230 patients who underwent uncemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures were retrospectively analyzed...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412418/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-in-the-elderly-a-population-based-study
#14
Luara Costa Fagundes, Marcos Henrique Fernandes, Thais Alves Brito, Raildo da Silva Coqueiro, José Ailton Oliveira Carneiro
To identify the prevalence and factors associated with hypertriglyceridemic waist (HW) in community-dwelling elderly people in northeast Brazil. Population-based cross-sectional study. Some 316 elderly (≥ 60 years) people of both sexes participated in this study. Data were collected using a questionnaire, based on that used in the Health, Welfare and Aging Study (SABE), in addition to blood tests, blood pressure measurements and anthropometric measurements. The hypertriglyceridemic waist condition was diagnosed using high values of triglycerides (≥ 150 mg/dl) and waist circumference increased ≥ 88 and ≥ 102 cm for women and men, respectively...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411449/caide-dementia-risk-score-alzheimer-and-cerebrovascular-pathology-a-population-based-autopsy-study
#15
Babak Hooshmand, Tuomo Polvikoski, Miia Kivipelto, Maarit Tanskanen, Liisa Myllykangas, Mira Mäkelä, Minna Oinas, Anders Paetau, Alina Solomon
BACKGROUND: CAIDE Dementia Risk Score is a tool for estimating dementia risk in the general population. Its longitudinal associations with Alzheimer or vascular neuropathology in the oldest old are not known. AIM: To explore the relationship between CAIDE Dementia Risk Score at baseline and neuritic plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, cerebral infarcts, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) after up to 10 years follow-up in the Vantaa 85+ population. METHODS: Study population included 149 participants aged ≥85 years, without dementia at baseline, and with available clinical and autopsy data...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410593/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-construct-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-a-physical-activity-measure-for-community-dwelling-elderly
#16
Bongsam Choi
[Purpose] This study aimed to cross-cultural adapt and validate the Korean version of an physical activity measure (K-PAM) for community-dwelling elderly. [Subjects and Methods] One hundred and thirty eight community-dwelling elderlies, 32 males and 106 female, participated in the study. All participants were asked to fill out a fifty-one item questionnaire measuring perceived difficulty in the activities of daily living (ADL) for the elderly. One-parameter model of item response theory (Rasch analysis) was applied to determine the construct validity and to inspect item-level psychometric properties of 51 ADL items of the K-PAM...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410590/effect-of-musculoskeletal-pain-of-care-workers-on-job-satisfaction
#17
DeokJu Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the musculoskeletal pain of care workers and investigate its effect on their job satisfaction. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 87 care workers working at C elderly care service center in P region. The average age of men was 62.5 ± 3.4 years and that of women was 57.3 ± 2.7 years. The 'Guidelines for Risk Factor Survey on Tasks with Musculoskeletal Burden' of the KOSHA CODE (H-30-2003) of the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA) was used for measurement of musculoskeletal pain...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410570/the-effects-of-a-client-centered-leisure-activity-program-on-satisfaction-self-esteem-and-depression-in-elderly-residents-of-a-long-term-care-facility
#18
Ji-Yoon Jung, So-Yeon Park, Jin-Kyung Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the effects of a client-centered leisure activity program on satisfaction, upper limb function, self-esteem, and depression in elderly residents of a long-term care facility. [Subjects and Methods] This study included 12 elderly subjects, aged 65 or older, residing in a nursing home. The subjects were divided into an experimental and a control group. Subjects in the control group received leisure activities already provided by the facility. The experimental group participated in a client-centered leisure activity program...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408973/analyzing-analgesic-medications-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#19
Ann L Horgas, Urszula Snigurska, Michelle Z Farland, Michael Marsiske
Objectives: Analyzing medication data for research purposes is complex, and methods are rarely described in the literature. Our objective was to describe methods of quantifying opioid and nonopioid analgesics and to compare the utility of five different analgesic coding methods when analyzing relationships between pain, analgesic use, and clinical outcomes. In this study, we used physical function as the outcome variable for its clinical relevance and its relationship to pain in older adults...
February 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401658/relative-contributions-of-different-lifestyle-factors-to-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-elderly
#20
Xiaona Zhang, Ruyi Xia, Shu Wang, Wei Xue, Jian Yang, Shuliu Sun, Guihua Zhuang
Much of the previous literature has studied the relationship between individual lifestyle factors and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, only a few studies combined them to explore their relative importance to the HRQOL in the elderly. This study assesses the HRQOL of the urban, rural, and institutionalized Chinese elderly and explores the relative contributions of different lifestyle factors to their HRQOL. The SF-36v2 Health Survey, the WHOQOL-OLD module, and the socio-demographic and lifestyle questionnaire were utilized in this study...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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