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Exercise and elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090681/excess-of-exercise-increases-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation
#1
REVIEW
A Müssigbrodt, A Weber, J Mandrola, Y van Belle, S Richter, M Döring, A Arya, P Sommer, A Bollmann, G Hindricks
An interesting and still not well-understood example for old medical wisdom "Sola dosis facit venenum" is the increased prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in athletes. Numerous studies have shown a fourfold to eightfold increased risk of AF in athletes compared to the normal population. Analysis of the existing data suggests a dose-dependent effect of exercise. Moderate exercise seems to have a protective effect and decreases the risk of AF, whereas excessive exercise seems to increase the risk of AF. The described cases illustrate clinical manifestations within the spectrum of AF in elderly athletes, that is, exercise-induced AF, vagal AF, chronic AF, and atrial flutter...
January 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086943/a-lifestyle-intervention-among-elderly-men-on-active-surveillance-for-non-aggressive-prostate-cancer-a-randomised-feasibility-study-with-whole-grain-rye-and-exercise
#2
Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Rikke Dalgaard Hansen, Michael Borre, Ryan Godsk Larsen, Jeppe Munthe Jensen, Kristian Overgaard, Mette Borre, Cecilie Kyrø, Rikard Landberg, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for men with non-aggressive prostate cancer is good, and several studies have investigated the impact of lifestyle changes including physical activity and diet on the prognosis. Despite positive results in animal studies and a few human interventions with whole-grain rye on markers of prostate cancer progression, the feasibility of trials investigating such dietary changes in combination with physical activity remains largely unstudied. The primary aim was to investigate the feasibility of an intervention with high whole-grain rye intake and vigorous physical activity for 6 months in men diagnosed with prostate cancer...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076256/statin-therapy-as-primary-prevention-in-exercising-adults-best-evidence-for-avoiding-myalgia
#3
N John Bosomworth
INTRODUCTION: This review aims to determine whether active adults who begin statins and develop myalgia reduce or stop activity to become less symptomatic. If this occurs, strategies to mitigate symptoms are explored. Should these strategies fail, the question of whether exercise is an adequate alternative to statin therapy is addressed. METHODS: PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Database were searched with keywords designed to retrieve information on statin myopathy in exercising adults...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067736/alzheimer-s-disease-and-exercise-a-literature-review
#4
Shane P Cass
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that impairs memory and cognitive judgment. It is the leading cause of dementia in late adult life and is associated with a significant social burden and increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Because of mixed effectiveness of medications, exercise has been considered as a treatment for pre-clinical AD, late stage AD, and as a prevention strategy. Exercise appears to improve brain blood flow, increase hippocampal volume, and improve neurogenesis...
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067190/leisure-activities-education-and-cognitive-impairment-in-chinese-older-adults-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#5
Xinyi Zhu, Chengxuan Qiu, Yi Zeng, Juan Li
BACKGROUND: We examine the association between leisure-time activities and the risk of developing cognitive impairment among Chinese older people, and further investigate whether the association varies by educational level. METHODS: This follow-up study included 6,586 participants (aged 79.5 ± 9.8 years, range 65-105 years, 51.7% female) of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey who were aged ≥65 years and were free of cognitive impairment in 2002...
January 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065611/-diet-and-lifestyle-rules-in-chronic-constipation-in-adults-from-fantasy-to-reality%C3%A2
#6
Nadia Fathallah, Dominique Bouchard, Vincent de Parades
Chronic constipation is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal complaints and a frequent reason for consultation. Lifestyle modification and dietary advice attract a lot of patients, often dissatisfied with a long-term drug intake. These behavioral modifications are recommended as a first-line approach in the treatment of chronic mild constipation in the majority of current guidelines despite a low level of evidence. Fiber supplementation is probably the most relevant measure because of a satisfactory level of proof...
January 5, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064170/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-brain-volumes-in-men-and-women-in-the-finger-study
#7
Heikki Pentikäinen, Tiia Ngandu, Yawu Liu, Kai Savonen, Pirjo Komulainen, Merja Hallikainen, Miia Kivipelto, Rainer Rauramaa, Hilkka Soininen
BACKGROUND: high cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with larger brain volumes but data on sex differences in the association of CRF with brain volumes are scarce. We investigated whether the association of CRF with total grey matter (GM) and white matter volumes as well as medial temporal lobe and striatum volumes is different between men and women at increased risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: we used baseline data from The Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) in which the inclusion criteria were set to select individuals with cognitive performance at the mean level or slightly lower than expected for age according to Finnish population norms...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054834/long-term-restrictions-in-participation-in-stroke-survivors-under-and-over-70-years-of-age
#8
Joris A de Graaf, Maria L van Mierlo, Marcel W M Post, Wilco P Achterberg, L Jaap Kappelle, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
PURPOSE: This study aims to (1) assess differences in participation restrictions between stroke survivors aged under and over 70 years and (2) identify predictors associated with favorable and unfavorable long-term participation in both age groups. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in which 326 patients were assessed at stroke onset, two months and one year after stroke. The Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-Participation) was used to measure participation restrictions one year after stroke...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053820/effects-of-different-concurrent-resistance-and-aerobic-training-frequencies-on-muscle-power-and-muscle-quality-in-trained-elderly-men-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Rodrigo Ferrari, Sandra C Fuchs, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Cristine Lima Alberton, Ronei Silveira Pinto, Régis Radaelli, Maira Schoenell, Mikel Izquierdo, Hirofumi Tanaka, Daniel Umpierre
Muscle power is a strong predictor of functional status in the elderly population and is required to perform different daily activities. To compare the effects of different weekly training frequencies on muscle power and muscle quality induced by concurrent training (resistance + aerobic) in previously trained elderly men. Twenty-four trained elderly men (65 ± 4 years), previously engaged in a regular concurrent training program, three times per week, for the previous five months, were randomly allocated to concurrent training programs in which training was performed either twice a week (2·week(-1), n = 12) or three times per week (3·week(-1), n = 12)...
December 2016: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053363/global-research-priorities-for-interpersonal-violence-prevention-a-modified-delphi-study
#10
Christopher R Mikton, Masako Tanaka, Mark Tomlinson, David L Streiner, Lil Tonmyr, Bandy X Lee, Jane Fisher, Kathy Hegadoren, Joam Evans Pim, Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang, Harriet L MacMillan
OBJECTIVE: To establish global research priorities for interpersonal violence prevention using a systematic approach. METHODS: Research priorities were identified in a three-round process involving two surveys. In round 1, 95 global experts in violence prevention proposed research questions to be ranked in round 2. Questions were collated and organized according to the four-step public health approach to violence prevention. In round 2, 280 international experts ranked the importance of research in the four steps, and the various substeps, of the public health approach...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045559/acute-blood-pressure-response-in-hypertensive-elderly-women-immediately-after-water-aerobics-exercise-a-crossover-study
#11
Raphael Martins Cunha, José Vilaça-Alves, Marcelo Vasconcelos Noleto, Juliana Sá Silva, Andressa Moura Costa, Christoffer Novais Farias Silva, Thaís Inácio Rolim Póvoa, Alexandre Machado Lehnen
Water aerobics exercise is widely recommended for elderly people. However, little is known about the acute effects on hemodynamic variables. Thus, we assessed the effects of a water aerobic session on blood pressure in hypertensive elderly women. Fifty hypertensive elderly women aged 67.8 ± 4.1 years, 1.5 ± 0.6 m high and BMI 28.6 ± 3.9 kg/m(2), participated in a crossover clinical trial. The experiment consisted of a 45-minute water aerobics session (70%-75% HRmax adjusted for the aquatic environment) (ES) and a control session (no exercise for 45 minutes) (CS)...
January 3, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042985/enhancing-elderly-health-examination-effectiveness-by-adding-physical-function-evaluations-and-interventions
#12
Chia-Ming Li, Ching-I Chang, Wen-Ruey Yu, Winnie Yang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-Yu Chen
This study aimed to assess the benefit of adding physical function evaluations and interventions to routine elderly health examination. This is a Quasi-experimental controlled trial. 404 elderly adults (aged 70 and over) scoring 3-6 on the Canadian Study of Health and Aging Clinical Frailty Scale Chinese In-Person Interview Version (CSHA-CFS) in a 2012 annual elderly health examination were enrolled. Both the control and experimental groups received the routine annual health examination with the latter further provided with functional evaluations, exercise instruction, and nutrition education...
December 24, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032232/effectiveness-of-a-preoperative-exercise-and-nutritional-support-program-for-elderly-sarcopenic-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#13
Kazuyoshi Yamamoto, Yukiko Nagatsuma, Yasunari Fukuda, Motohiro Hirao, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Atsushi Miyamoto, Masataka Ikeda, Shoji Nakamori, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Kazumasa Fujitani, Toshimasa Tsujinaka
We established a preoperative exercise and nutritional support program for elderly sarcopenic patients with gastric cancer. Twenty-two gastric cancer patients aged 65 years or older with a diagnosis of sarcopenia according to the algorithm proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People received our preoperative program. The median duration of the program participation was 16 days. Total calorie and protein intakes were significantly higher after the program than before [29.4 ± 6.9 kcal/kg ideal body weight (IBW) vs 27...
December 28, 2016: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029525/-everything-is-valid-in-chronic-pain-interventions-by-older-adults-for-pain-relief
#14
Alejandra María Alvarado-García, Ángela María Salazar-Maya
OBJECTIVE: To describe interventions used by older adults with benign chronic pain. METHODS: Qualitative study with 25 older adults with benign chronic pain, inhabitants of the cities of Medellín and Bogotá. The technique used to collect information was in-depth interview. The analysis was made using the tools of the theory based on the guidelines of Strauss and Corbin. Using open, axial and selective coding, the constant comparison method allowed the identification of categories and subcategories and simultaneously memos and diagrams were made to reach theoretical saturation...
October 29, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018770/role-of-physical-exercise-education-and-work-related-measures-with-the-longevity-of-work-in-older-population-in-united-states
#15
Vatsalya Vatsalya, Antero Heloma, Gulshan L Khanna, Kan V Chandras, Robert C Karch
Growth of older population in United States (US) raises concerns for evaluation of health indices that could sustain their workability. This study aimed to characterize the association of health practices used by older working population and measures of quality and duration of their work. Forty (40) non-treatment seeking healthy working individuals residing within United States within 22 - 75 years of age were included in this study. Data were collected from the Customized Employee Biographical Questionnaire (EBQ) and Occupational Health Surveillance Questionnaire (OHRQ) by age groups as 22 - 31, 32 - 41, 42 - 51, 52 - 61 and 62+ and statistically analyzed...
January 2017: Advances in Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017954/-the-effect-of-exercise-and-sports-on-musculoskeletal-health-in-the-elderly
#16
Atsushi Harada
There is insufficient information on the effect of exercise and sports on musculoskeletal health in the elderly. Although the effects of sports are still unclear, the effects of exercise could be significant. For example, exercise improves osteoporosis by increasing bone mineral density and ameliorates sarcopenia by increasing muscle mass, muscular strength, and walking speed. As a result, fall risk is reduced and fracture risk is also likely to improve. Tai Chi is reportedly effective for joint pain and stiffness, and may improve symptoms of osteoarthritis...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017944/-the-effects-of-exercise-and-sports-activities-on-bone-and-joint-morbidities
#17
Shinichi Yoshiya
Exercise and sports activities can afford mechanical stimuli to the bone and joint tissues which are required to maintain the tissue properties. Moreover, physical exercise is an important part of the management of bone and joint morbidities such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and low back pain. On the other hand, excessive mechanical load involved in exercise and sports activities can be harmful potentially causing overuse injuries of the musculoskeletal tissues. Especially, safety margin for the amount of acceptable mechanical stress is narrow in the elderly due to preexisting musculoskeletal problems...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017942/-physical-activity-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
Masashi Nagao, Muneaki Ishijima, Haruka Kaneko, Yuji Takazawa, Hiroshi Ikeda, Kazuo Kaneko
Elder populations have been increasing in Japan and estimated 24 million people have knee osteoarthritis(OA). Recently, people have diverse sociological background and demand for participating sports has been growing. People may participate sports to prevent some diseases such as locomotive syndrome. According to the recent studies, excessive high impact sports increase the risk of OA, while daily life exercise decrease the risk. Epidemiological approach demonstrated that reduced knee extension muscle strength increases the risk of OA...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017352/the-influence-of-age-on-hemodynamic-parameters-during-rest-and-exercise-in%C3%A2-healthy-individuals
#19
Emil Wolsk, Rine Bakkestrøm, Jacob H Thomsen, Louise Balling, Mads J Andersen, Jordi S Dahl, Christian Hassager, Jakob E Møller, Finn Gustafsson
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to obtain hemodynamic estimates across a wide age span and in both sexes for future reference and compare these estimates with current guideline diagnostic hemodynamic thresholds for abnormal filling pressure and pulmonary hypertension. BACKGROUND: At present, the influence of age on hemodynamic function is largely unknown. Because many diseases with proposed cardiac impact are more prevalent in the older population, it is pivotal to know how hemodynamic parameters are affected by age itself to discern the influence of disease from that of physiological aging...
November 30, 2016: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000342/a-new-model-of-short-acceleration-based-training-improves-exercise-performance-in-old-mice
#20
R Niel, M Ayachi, L Mille-Hamard, L Le Moyec, P Savarin, M-J Clement, S Besse, T Launay, V L Billat, I Momken
In order to identify a more appealing exercise strategy for the elderly, we studied a mouse model to determine whether a less time-consuming training program would improve exercise performance, enzyme activities, mitochondrial respiration, and metabolomic parameters. We compared the effects of short-session (acceleration-based) training with those of long-session endurance training in 23-month-old mice. The short-session training consisted of five acceleration-based treadmill running sessions over 2 weeks (the acceleration group), whereas the endurance training consisted of five-one-hour treadmill sessions per week for 4 weeks (the endurance group)...
December 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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