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Exercise and elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228514/gait-speed-predicts-post-operative-medical-complications-in-elderly-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-gastrectomy
#1
Arvine Chandoo, Chu-Huai Chi, Weiping Ji, Yingpeng Huang, Xiao-Dong Chen, Wei-Teng Zhang, Rui-Sen Wu, Xian Shen
BACKGROUND: Gait speed is a clinical outcome that can measure the physical performance of elderly gastric patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of gait speed in predicting post-operative morbidities in elderly patients undergoing curative gastrectomy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 357 elderly patients (≥65 years old) undergoing curative gastrectomy. Preoperative gait speed was measured in a 6-m well-lit and unobstructed hallway...
December 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226282/feasibility-of-conducting-a-6-month-long-home-based-exercise-program-with-protein-supplementation-in-elderly-community-dwelling-individuals-with-heart-failure
#2
Masil George, Gohar Azhar, Amanda Pangle, Eric Peeler, Amanda Dawson, Robert Coker, Kellie S Coleman, Amy Schrader, Jeanne Wei
Objective: Cardiac cachexia is a condition associated with heart failure, particularly in the elderly, and is characterized by loss of muscle mass with or without the loss of fat mass. Approximately 15% of elderly heart failure patients will eventually develop cardiac cachexia; such a diagnosis is closely associated with high morbidity and increased mortality. While the mechanism(s) involved in the progression of cardiac cachexia is incompletely established, certain factors appear to be contributory...
2017: Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225812/the-utility-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#3
Arthur Doyle, Karen Chalmers, David J Chinn, Fiona McNeill, Nicola Dall, Christopher H Grant
Background: Exercise improves physical capacity in patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD), but few patients engage in it. Whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) is a novel protocol that has been shown to benefit frail elderly patients' rehabilitation. We assessed the utility of WBVE before HD sessions and tested methods to inform the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Methods: Physical condition and quality of life were assessed at enrolment and repeated 2 weeks later in a pilot study of 49 patients undergoing regular HD...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224090/men-are-from-mars-women-are-from-venus-sex-differences-in-insulin-action-and-secretion
#4
Ananda Basu, Simmi Dube, Rita Basu
Sex difference plays a substantial role in the regulation of glucose metabolism in healthy glucose-tolerant humans. The factors which may contribute to the sex-related differences in glucose metabolism include differences in lifestyle (diet and exercise), sex hormones, and body composition. Several epidemiological and observational studies have noted that impaired glucose tolerance is more common in women than men. Some of these studies have attributed this to differences in body composition, while others have attributed impaired insulin sensitivity as a cause of impaired glucose tolerance in women...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221898/exercise-merging-physical-and-cognitive-stimulation-improves-physical-fitness-and-cognitive-functioning-in-older-nursing-home-residents-a-pilot-study
#5
José Marmeleira, Luís Galhardas, Armando Raimundo
The main purpose of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility and the effects of a multimodal exercise intervention on the physical and cognitive functioning of institutionalized older people. Twenty-one older adults (83.5 ± 4.9 years) living in two nursing home residences, were tested on two occasions 4 weeks apart to establish a baseline measure, and then engage in the exercise program twice weekly for 8 weeks. Participants were tested again after the exercise program. Almost all physical fitness and cognitive tests were unchanged at baseline measures, but after the exercise program, significant improvements (p < 0...
December 5, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216339/exercise-training-for-preventing-dementia-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-clinically-meaningful-cognitive-decline-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Laurent Demougeot, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland
BACKGROUND: To assess the effects of long-term exercise on the onset of dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and other clinically meaningful cognitive decline in the elderly. METHODS: Systematic review with preplanned meta-analysis. Electronic searches were performed between November 2016 and May 2017. RCTs examining the effects of long-term exercise (intervention length 12 months or longer) on the onset of dementia, MCI, or clinically meaningful cognitive decline in older adults without dementia at baseline were eligible...
December 5, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210932/score-distributions-of-the-balance-outcome-measure-for-elder-rehabilitation-boomer-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-vertebral-fracture
#7
Zachary M Brown, Jenna C Gibbs, Jonathan D Adachi, Maureen C Ashe, Keith D Hill, David L Kendler, Aliya Khan, Alexandra Papaioannou, Sadhana Prasad, John D Wark, Lora M Giangregorio
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the Balance Outcome Measure for Elder Rehabilitation (BOOMER) in community-dwelling women 65 years and older with vertebral fracture and to describe score distributions and potential ceiling and floor effects. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of baseline data from the Build Better Bones with Exercise randomized controlled trial using the BOOMER. A total of 141 women with osteoporosis and radiographically confirmed vertebral fracture were included...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209633/protein-intake-especially-vegetable-protein-intake-is-associated-with-higher-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-elderly-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Akane Miki, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Shinobu Matsumoto, Emi Ushigome, Takuya Fukuda, Takafumi Sennmaru, Muhei Tanaka, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
Background/Aims: Protein intake is important for maintaining muscle mass in general population. However, it remains to be elucidated the association between dietary protein intake and skeletal muscle mass in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: In this cross-sectional study of 168 elderly patients with type 2 diabetes, we investigated the relationship between skeletal muscle index (SMI) and protein intake. Bioimpedance analysis was used for measurement for skeletal muscle mass (kg) and SMI (%), which was defined as skeletal muscle mass (kg)/total body weight (kg) × 100...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208036/informal-care-and-health-behaviors-among-elderly-people-with-chronic-diseases
#9
Hong Wu, Naiji Lu
BACKGROUND: The mechanism by which social relationships influence health can be interpreted as a social network regulating one's health behaviors. Based on the hypothesis that relatives, friends, or neighbors are sources of social support and may monitor one's health behaviors, researchers have gotten significant and consistent results that a social network can regulate health behaviors. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to examine the role of informal care in the regulation of health behaviors, especially for elderly individuals with chronic diseases that can be controlled by healthy behaviors...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200645/changes-in-fatigue-and-physical-function-with-age-for-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer-in-the-perioperative-period-a-comparison-between-older-and-young-patients
#10
Eisuke Kogure, Tsuyoshi Hara, Takaya Ishii, Masaharu Maeda
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine changes in fatigue and physical function with age for groups of patients with gastrointestinal cancer in the perioperative period. [Subjects and Methods] The study involved 52 patients with gastrointestinal cancer (28 males and 24 females, aged 62.4 ± 12.0 years). The subjects were divided into two groups: those 65 or over (the so-called elderly group,) and those 64 or under (the so-called young group). The six minute walk distance (6MWD), Cancer Fatigue Scale (CFS), and serum albumin (ALB) were evaluated on three occasions: before surgery, after surgery and after discharge...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200633/effects-of-silver-gymnastic-exercises-on-aging-related-hormones-in-elderly-women-living-alone
#11
Sangsoo Kim, Sungbum Ju
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of silver gymnastic exercises on aging-related hormones in elderly women living alone. [Subjects and Methods] The study group consisted of 20 elderly women living alone who performed the silver gymnastic exercises for 12 weeks. Blood samples were obtained for measurement of aging-related hormones (human growth hormone [HGH] and estrogen). [Results] HGH and estrogen levels increased significantly after the exercise program as compared to before the program...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200093/ace-gene-plays-a-key-role-in-reducing-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-elderlies-after-resistance-training-resistance-exercise-and-ace-polymorphism
#12
Fábio T Montrezol, Rodolfo Marinho, Glória de F A da, Vânia D'Almeida, Edilamar M de Oliveira, Ricardo J Gomes, Alessandra Medeiros
Hypertension is a difficult disease to control and exercise training plays a key role in hypertension control. Some individuals are not responsive to exercise training, so we highlight the polymorphism of angiotensin I converting enzyme, as a factor responsible for this lack of responsiveness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ACE (I/D) genotypes on effects of resistance training on blood pressure and chronic inflammation. Eighty-six hypertensive volunteers, aged between 60 and 80, were evaluated...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197204/effect-of-hbm-rehabilitation-exercises-on-depression-anxiety-and-health-belief-in-elderly-patients-with-osteoporotic-fracture
#13
Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Guided by the health belief model (HBM), this study provided elderly patients with osteoporotic fracture with health education concerning osteoporosis (OP) prevention, carried out rehabilitation exercises based on HBM, and evaluated the intervention effect of HBM rehabilitation exercises, to offer a scientific basis for improving the prognosis of elderly patients with OP fracture. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 162 elderly patients with OP fracture treated in three third-grade general hospitals of Jiangsu Province from January 2016 to September 2016 participated in this study...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190751/acute-effect-of-dietary-nitrate-on-forearm-muscle-oxygenation-blood-volume-and-strength-in-older-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Gustavo Vieira de Oliveira, Marina Morgado, Carlos Adam Conte-Junior, Thiago Silveira Alvares
Both recovery time of post-exercise muscle oxygenation and muscle strength decline with aging. Although beetroot consumption has been shown to improve muscle oxygenation and exercise performance in adults, these effects in the elderly has not been addressed. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a beetroot-based gel (BG) on muscle O2 saturation, blood volume (tHb) and handgrip strength in the elderly in response to handgrip exercise. In a randomized crossover double-blind design, twelve older subjects consumed BG (100 g of beetroot-based gel containing ~ 12 mmol nitrate) or PLA (100 g of nitrate-depleted gel nitrate-depleted)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190545/six-weeks-of-combined-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-using-outdoor-exercise-machines-improves-fitness-insulin-resistance-and-chemerin-in-the-korean-elderly-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Dong-Il Kim, Dong Hoon Lee, Sunghyun Hong, Sung-Won Jo, Young-Shin Won, Justin Y Jeon
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a six-week-long exercise program using outdoor exercise equipment on fitness, insulin resistance and adipocytokines among Korean elderly. METHODS: A total of 47 participants were randomized into one of the following three groups; control, resistance exercise or combined exercise (aerobic and resistance exercise). The resistance exercise group completed three resistance types of exercise. The combined exercise group completed five exercises, including three resistance types of exercise and two aerobic types of exercise...
November 23, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189921/lithium-toxicity-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#16
REVIEW
Meng Sun, Nathan Herrmann, Kenneth I Shulman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite concerns regarding the vulnerability of older adults to lithium toxicity, this has not been well studied. This literature review aims to characterize the nature of lithium toxicity in older adults, the doses and serum lithium levels associated with toxicity, as well as its clinical and laboratory manifestations, precipitating factors, management and outcome. METHODS: A systematic 10-year search of English articles was conducted using Ovid Medline, Embase Classic + Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and PsycINFO...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188878/effect-of-a-6-month-brisk-walking-program-on-walking-endurance-in-sedentary-and-physically-deconditioned-women-aged-60-or-older-a-randomized-trial
#17
H Blain, A Jaussent, M-C Picot, L Maimoun, O Coste, T Masud, J Bousquet, P L Bernard
BACKGROUND: Walking endurance is a predictor of healthy ageing. OBJECTIVE: To examine if a 6-month brisk walking program can increase walking endurance in sedentary and physically deconditioned older women. TRIAL DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Women recruited from public meetings aimed at promoting physical activity in women aged 60 or older. SUBJECTS: 121 women aged 65.7 ± 4.3 years, with sedentary lifestyle (Physical Activity Questionnaire for the Elderly score < 9...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188859/cognitive-performance-does-not-limit-physical-activity-participation-in-the-lifestyle-interventions-and-independence-for-elders-pilot-study-life-p
#18
K F Reid, M P Walkup, J A Katula, K M Sink, S Anton, R Axtell, D R Kerwin, A C King, F Kramer, M E Miller, V Myers, C Rosano, S A Studenski, O L Lopez, J Verghese, R A Fielding, J Williamson
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether multiple domains of baseline cognitive performance were associated with prospective physical activity (PA) adherence in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot study (LIFE-P). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: The LIFE-P study was a single-blind, multicenter, randomized controlled trial of a PA intervention compared to a successful aging educational intervention in sedentary, mobility-limited older adults. INTERVENTION: A 12-month structured, moderate-intensity, multi-modal PA program that included walking, resistance training, and flexibility exercises...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188577/benefits-of-resistance-training-in-physically-frail-elderly-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Pedro Lopez, Ronei Silveira Pinto, Regis Radaelli, Anderson Rech, Rafael Grazioli, Mikel Izquierdo, Eduardo Lusa Cadore
AIM: Exercise is one of the most important components in frailty prevention and treatment. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the effect of resistance training (RT) alone or combined with multimodal exercise intervention on muscle hypertrophy, maximal strength, power output, functional performance, and falls incidence in physically frail elderly. METHODS: MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, PEDro, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from 2005 to 2017. Studies must have mentioned the effects of RT (i...
November 29, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177024/epidemiology-of-fragility-fractures-and-fall-prevention-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Takayuki Tsuda
Fragility fractures in the elderly is an ongoing concern for orthopaedic surgeons. A 50-year-old woman has a 40% chance of having a vertebral compression fracture in her lifetime. The incidence of vertebral fractures, reported to be more than 10 times higher than that of femoral fractures, is estimated as 1-1.5 million per year in Japan. Vertebral fractures often occur without a fall, whereas the majority of nonvertebral fractures are the consequence of falls; the site of the nonvertebral fracture appears to be dictated by the type of fall...
November 2017: Current Orthopaedic Practice
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