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Exercise and elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822516/comparison-of-yoga-and-walking-exercise-on-cardiac-time-intervals-as-a-measure-of-cardiac-function-in-elderly-with-increased-pulse-pressure
#1
Satish Gurunathrao Patil, Shankargouda S Patil, Manjunatha R Aithala, Kusal Kanti Das
OBJECTIVE: Arterial aging along with increased blood pressure(BP) has become the major cardiovascular(CV) risk in elderly. The aim of the study was to compare the effects of yoga program and walking-exercise on cardiac function in elderly with increased pulse pressure (PP). METHODS: An open label, parallel-group randomized controlled study design was adopted. Elderly individuals aged ≥60 years with PP≥60mmHg were recruited for the study. Yoga (study) group (n=30) was assigned for yoga training and walking (exercise) group (n=30) for walking with loosening practices for one hour in the morning for 6days in a week for 3 months...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819615/effects-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-interventions-in-the-elderly-with-chronic-unilateral-vestibular-hypofunction
#2
Arash Bayat, Nader Saki
INTRODUCTION: Although vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) methods are relatively popular in treating patients with body balance deficits of vestibular origin, only limited studies have been conducted into customized exercises for unilateral vestibular hypofunction (UVH). Furthermore, very little evidence is available on the outcomes of VRT in the elderly population with chronic UVH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 21 patients, aged 61 to 74 years, with UVH participated in this study...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818422/feasibility-and-effects-of-a-physical-activity-program-using-gerontechnology-in-assisted-living-communities-for-older-adults
#3
Martine Lauzé, Dominic D Martel, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: The number of older adults residing in assisted living communities is increasing. Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) on physical and cognitive capacities, and the opportunities for being active offered in these living environments, this population is highly sedentary and more at risk of physical decline. This study aimed to assess the feasibility, the acceptability, and the effects of PA intervention using gerontechnology in assisted living communities. METHODS: Forty-two older adults in 4 assisted living communities were recruited and randomly assigned to an exercise intervention group (EX) or a control group (CON) using a 2:1 ratio...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818262/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-mediates-cognitive-improvements-following-acute-exercise
#4
Andrew Borror
The mechanisms causing improved cognition following acute exercise are poorly understood. This article proposes that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is the main factor contributing to improved cognition following exercise. Additionally, it argues that cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxidative stress explain the release of BDNF from cerebral endothelial cells. One way to test these hypotheses is to block endothelial function and measure the effect on BDNF levels and cognitive performance. The CBF and oxidative stress can also be examined in relationship to BDNF using a multiple linear regression...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816876/osteoporotic-thoracolumbar-fractures-how-are-they-different-classification-and-treatment-algorithm
#5
Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Rishi M Kanna, Klaus J Schnake, Alexander R Vaccaro, Gregory D Schroeder, Said Sadiqi, Cumhur Oner
Osteoporotic vertebral fractures constitute at least 50% of the osteoporotic fractures that happen worldwide. Occurrence of osteoporotic fractures make the elderly patient susceptible for further fractures and increases the morbidity due to kyphosis and pain; the mortality risk is also increased in these patients. Most fractures occur in the thoracic and thoracolumbar region and are often stable. Different descriptive and prognostic classification systems have been described, but none are universally accepted...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815019/therapeutic-potential-of-systemic-brain-rejuvenation-strategies-for-neurodegenerative-disease
#6
REVIEW
Alana M Horowitz, Saul A Villeda
Neurodegenerative diseases are a devastating group of conditions that cause progressive loss of neuronal integrity, affecting cognitive and motor functioning in an ever-increasing number of older individuals. Attempts to slow neurodegenerative disease advancement have met with little success in the clinic; however, a new therapeutic approach may stem from classic interventions, such as caloric restriction, exercise, and parabiosis. For decades, researchers have reported that these systemic-level manipulations can promote major functional changes that extend organismal lifespan and healthspan...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813700/regenerative-medicine-approaches-for-age-related-muscle-loss-and-sarcopenia-a-mini-review
#7
Juan Diego Naranjo, Jenna L Dziki, Stephen F Badylak
Sarcopenia is a complex and multifactorial disease that includes a decrease in the number, structure and physiology of muscle fibers, and age-related muscle mass loss, and is associated with loss of strength, increased frailty, and increased risk for fractures and falls. Treatment options are suboptimal and consist of exercise and nutrition as the cornerstone of therapy. Current treatment principles involve identification and modification of risk factors to prevent the disease, but these efforts are of limited value to the elderly individuals currently affected by sarcopenia...
August 17, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812402/older-persons-experiences-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-with-behavioral-change-support
#8
Marina Arkkukangas, Annelie J Sundler, Anne Söderlund, Staffan Eriksson, Ann-Christin Johansson
BACKGROUND: It is a challenge to promote exercise among older persons. Knowledge is needed regarding the maintenance of exercise aiming at preventing falls and promoting health and well-being in older persons. PURPOSE: This descriptive study used a qualitative inductive approach to describe older persons' experiences of a fall-preventive, home-based exercise program with support for behavioral change. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 elderly persons aged 75 years or older, and a qualitative content analysis was performed...
August 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807362/leg-movement-tracking-in-automatic-video-based-one-leg-stance-evaluation
#9
Jacek Kawa, Paula Stępień, Wojciech Kapko, Aleksandra Niedziela, Jarosław Derejczyk
Falls are a major risk in elder population. Early diagnosis is therefore an important step towards increasing the safety of elders. One of the common diagnostic tests is the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), consisting of 14 exercises arranged from the easiest (sitting-to-standing) to the most demanding (one-leg stance). In this study a novel approach to the automatic assessment of the time in which the patient can remain in the one-leg stance position without loosing balance is introduced. The data is collected using a regular video camera...
August 3, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806627/a-novel-clinical-evaluation-method-using-maximum-angular-velocity-during-knee-extension-to-assess-lower-extremity-muscle-function-of-older-adults
#10
Takeshi Arai, Shuichi Obuchi, Yoshitaka Shiba
The purpose of this study is to examine the utilities of maximum angular velocity (AV) assessment during knee extension (KE) using a gyroscope for clinical evaluation of exercise program for older adults. Two hundred and 4 community-dwelling older adults underwent a 3-month exercise intervention program. Outcome measures included AV during KE and other physical functions (isometric strength (IS), walking abilities, and balance functions). A correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the relationships between AV and other physical functions at baseline...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804048/effects-of-concurrent-and-aerobic-exercises-on-postexercise-hypotension-in-elderly-hypertensive-men
#11
Rodrigo Ferrari, Daniel Umpierre, Guilherme Vogel, Paulo J C Vieira, Lucas P Santos, Renato Bandeira de Mello, Hirofumi Tanaka, Sandra C Fuchs
Despite the fact that simultaneous performance of resistance and aerobic exercises (i.e., concurrent exercise) has become a standard exercise prescription for the elderly, no information is available on its effects on post-exercise hypotension (PEH) in elderly men with hypertension. PURPOSE: To compare the effects of different types of exercise on PEH in elderly men with hypertension. METHODS: Twenty elderly men with essential hypertension participated in three crossover interventions, in random order, and on separate days: a non-exercise control session at seated rest, aerobic exercise performed for 45min, and 45min of concurrent resistance and aerobic exercise consisted of 4 sets of 8 repetitions at 70% 1RM of resistance exercise followed by aerobic exercise on treadmill...
August 10, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802772/effectiveness-of-a-combined-exercise-training-and-home-based-walking-programme-on-physical-activity-compared-with-standard-medical-care-in-moderate-copd-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
P de Roos, C Lucas, J H Strijbos, E van Trijffel
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness of a 10-week combined exercise training and home-based walking programme on daily physical activity (PA) compared with standard medical care in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary care physiotherapy. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients with stable COPD at Gold Stage II with a score of two or more on the Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale...
July 14, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802215/predictors-of-self-reported-knee-osteoarthritis-in-community-dwelling-older-women-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-cohort-study
#13
Narumi Kojima, Miji Kim, Kyoko Saito, Yuko Yoshida, Hirohiko Hirano, Shuichi Obuchi, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takao Suzuki, Hunkyung Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the predictors of knee osteoarthritis in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, The Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology collected baseline data in 2008 and follow-up data in 2012 for participants from the Itabashi Ward of Tokyo, Japan. Participants were asked at each time point if they had been diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis. The baseline evaluation was conducted with 1289 community-dwelling women aged 75-85 years, of which 992 reported no history of knee osteoarthritis...
July 30, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800755/the-influence-of-3%C3%A2-months-of-physical-exercises-and-verbal-stimulation-on-functional-efficiency-and-use-of-free-time-in-an-older-population-under-institutional-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Natalia Milewska, Bernard Sozański
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant change in the demographics of developed countries, including an increase in the number of older people. This aging population and the associated need for medical care and assistance places great strain on health care systems worldwide. In older populations, improved knowledge and understanding of the relationship between moderate exercise and health might result in greater motivation to engage in such activity; thus improving the overall health of this population...
August 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793113/effects-of-a-health-education-program-on-cognition-mood-and-functional-capacity
#15
Juliane Cristine Dias, Isabela Azevedo Rodrigues, Francine Golghetto Casemiro, Diana Quirino Monteiro, Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Marcos Hortes Nisihara Chagas, Paula Costa Castro, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Aline Cristina Martins Gratão
Objective: Assess the effect of a Health Education (HE) program on cognition, mood and functional capacity of participants in a University of The Third Age (U3A). Method: Controlled clinical trial. The HE Program consisted of 10 sessions with group dynamics, including orientations on disease prevention and cognitive stimulation exercises, lasting four months. Intervention Group (IG) n=13; and Control Group (CG) n=15. All were assessed at the start and end of the study, using Addenbrook´s Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R), Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventory (BDI/BAI) and Functional Independence Measure (FIM)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793112/social-representations-of-older-adults-regarding-quality-of-life
#16
Marielle Cristina Gonçalves Ferreira, Luiz Fernando Rangel Tura, Rafael Celestino da Silva, Márcia de Assunção Ferreira
Objective: to identify the social representations of older adults regarding quality of life, and to analyze the care practices adopted to promote it. Method: qualitative, exploratory, descriptive research, applying the Theory of Social Representations. Thirty older people from a Health Academy of Rio de Janeiro participated in the study. The software Alceste was used, and lexical analysis of data was performed. Results: social representations of quality of life are based on the social determinants of health; they evidence knowledge and practices of care by valuing physical activities...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792995/-attention-to-elderly-individuals-with-hypertension-the-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#17
Rosália Garcia Neves, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Thaynã Ramos Flores, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Caroline Dos Santos Costa, Andrea Wendt, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Elaine Tomasi
This study aimed to assess the attention paid by health professionals to elderly individuals with hypertension and related inequalities in Brazil, using level of schooling as the socioeconomic indicator. This was a cross-sectional study with data from the Brazilian National Health Survey, 2013. Attention was assessed according to the following indicators: recommendations for healthy eating, maintaining adequate weight, less salt, regular exercise, prevention of smoking and excessive drinking, and regular medical checkups with blood and urine tests, ECG, and stress test...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792975/testing-and-comparing-two-self-care-related-instruments-among-older-chinese-adults
#18
Lina Guo, Ulrika Söderhamn, Jacqueline McCallum, Xianfei Ding, Han Gao, Qiyun Guo, Kun Liu, Yanjin Liu
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to test and compare the reliability and validity, including sensitivity and specificity of the two self-care-related instruments, the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly (SASE), and the Appraisal of Self-care Agency Scale-Revised (ASAS-R), among older adults in the Chinese context. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to conduct this study. The sample consisted of 1152 older adults. Data were collected by a questionnaire including the Chinese version of SASE (SASE-CHI), the Chinese version of ASAS-R (ASAS-R-CHI) and the Exercise of Self-Care Agency scale (ESCA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789683/voluntary-running-exercise-protects-against-sepsis-induced-early-inflammatory-and-pro-coagulant-responses-in-aged-mice
#19
Karel Tyml, Scott Swarbreck, Cynthia Pape, Dan Secor, James Koropatnick, Qingping Feng, Ruud A W Veldhuizen, Sean E Gill
BACKGROUND: Despite many animal studies and clinical trials, mortality in sepsis remains high. This may be due to the fact that most experimental studies of sepsis employ young animals, whereas the majority of septic patients are elderly (60 - 70 years). The objective of the present study was to examine the sepsis-induced inflammatory and pro-coagulant responses in aged mice. Since running exercise protects against a variety of diseases, we also examined the effect of voluntary running on septic responses in aged mice...
August 8, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777176/circadian-rhythm-sleep-wake-disorders
#20
Milena Pavlova
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The endogenous circadian rhythms are one of the cardinal processes that control sleep. They are self-sustaining biological rhythms with a periodicity of approximately 24 hours that may be entrained by external zeitgebers (German for time givers), such as light, exercise, and meal times. This article discusses the physiology of the circadian rhythms, their relationship to neurologic disease, and the presentation and treatment of circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
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