keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Exercise and elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515794/influence-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-on-the-urine-ph-in-elderly-female-subjects-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Yuichiro Nishida, Keitaro Tanaka, Megumi Hara, Noriko Hirao, Hiroaki Tanaka, Takuro Tobina, Masaharu Ikeda, Hiroshi Yamato, Masanori Ohta
BACKGROUND: A low urine pH is a characteristic metabolic feature of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week home-based bench step exercise on the urine pH status of elderly female subjects. METHODS: The current study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which 59 postmenopausal female subjects were randomized to either the exercise group (n = 29) or the control group (n = 30)...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514204/factors-influencing-influenza-vaccination-among-south-korean-adult-asthma-patients-a-nationwide-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#2
Jae Ho Chung, Tae Ho Kim, Chang Hoon Han
BACKGROUND: It is important to identify factors associated with influenza vaccination. This study was performed to investigate factors associated with vaccination coverage among asthma patients in Korea. METHODS: Data were obtained from 229,121 participants (5,989 with asthma and 223,132 without asthma) in the 2010 Korean Community Health Survey. The demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status of respondents with and without asthma were compared. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate socioeconomic status and other demographic variables potentially related to influenza vaccination in asthma patients...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511024/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-and-surgery
#3
Paul O Older, Denny Zh Levett
The surgical patient population is increasingly elderly and comorbid and poses challenges to perioperative physicians. Accurate pre-operative risk stratification is important to direct perioperative care. Reduced aerobic fitness is associated with increased post-operative morbidity and mortality. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is an integrated and dynamic test that gives an objective measure of aerobic fitness or functional capacity and identifies the cause of exercise intolerance. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing provides an individualized estimate of patient risk that can be used to predict post-operative morbidity and mortality...
May 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506013/the-effects-of-physical-training-without-equipment-on-pain-perception-and-balance-in-the-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Antonino Patti, Antonino Bianco, Bettina Karsten, Maria Alessandra Montalto, Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Bellafiore, Daniela Cassata, Fabio Scoppa, Antonio Paoli, Angelo Iovane, Giuseppe Messina, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Research supports a link between exercise and falls prevention in the older population. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to evaluate pain perception and balance skills in a group of elderly subjects and to examine the consequences of a standardized equipment-free exercise program intervention on these variables. The study utilized a randomized controlled trial method. METHODS: 92 subjects were recruited from a rural Sicilian village (Resuttano, Sicily, Italy)...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505140/self-management-group-exercise-extends-healthy-life-expectancy-in-frail-community-dwelling-older-adults
#5
Minoru Yamada, Hidenori Arai
Preventing frailty and its adverse health outcomes is crucial in countries with a large elderly population, such as Japan. Since the long-term care insurance (LTCI) system was launched, the number of certified older adults with LTCI service requirement has continued to increase. This is a serious problem, because the LTCI service requirement certification is equivalent to disability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a self-management group intervention on new LTCI service requirement certifications in community-dwelling older adults in Japan...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503542/role-of-physical-activity-in-mortality-prediction-in-elderly-hospice-patients
#6
Hye-Sang Park, Kyu-Tae Lee, Tae-Woon Kim
The prediction of life-expectancy in terminally ill patients is important both for medical and social reasons but it is widely recognized as being inaccurate. The aim of this study was to investigate the mortality predictors and indicators of life extension among elderly patients in a hospice service center. In order to determine the mortality predictors, we investigated the relationship between patients' cognitive status using the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination & Global Deterioration Scale (K-MMSE & GDS), the patient's physical function using the instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADL) score, and the patient's blood component values...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503331/exercise-modality-is-differentially-associated-with-neurocognition-in-older-adults
#7
Yu-Kai Chang, I-Hua Chu, Jen-Hao Liu, Chih-Han Wu, Chien-Heng Chu, Kao-Teng Yang, Ai-Guo Chen
This study explored the effects of exercise modality and type of fitness index on cognitive function in the older adults as assessed via behavioral and neuroelectrical approaches. Sixty older adults were assigned to an aerobic exercise, a coordination exercise, or a control group based on their previous exercise experience. The participants completed congruent and incongruent trials of a modified Stroop Test, during which, event-related potentials were recorded. The participants also completed multiple physical tests that assessed health- and skill-related fitness...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498894/the-intersection-of-aging-biology-and-the-pathobiology-of-lung-diseases-a-joint-nhlbi-nia-workshop
#8
Gr Scott Budinger, Ronald A Kohanski, Weiniu Gan, Michael S Kobor, Luis A Amaral, Mary Armanios, Karl T Kelsey, Annie Pardo, Rubin Tuder, Fernando Macian, Navdeep Chandel, Douglas Vaughan, Mauricio Rojas, Ana L Mora, Elizabeth Kovacs, Steven R Duncan, Toren Finkel, Augustine Choi, Oliver Eickelberg, Danica Chen, Alvar Agusti, Moises Selman, William E Balch, Paula Busse, Anning Lin, Richard Morimoto, Jacob I Sznajder, Victor J Thannickal
Death from chronic lung disease is increasing and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease has become the third leading cause of death in the United States in the past decade. Both chronic and acute lung diseases disproportionately affect elderly individuals, making it likely that these diseases will become more frequent and severe as the worldwide population ages. Chronic lung diseases are associated with substantial morbidity, frequently resulting in exercise limiting dyspnea, immobilization and isolation. Therefore, effective strategies to prevent or treat lung disease are likely to increase healthspan as well as lifespan...
May 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493406/beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate-supplementation-and-skeletal-muscle-in-healthy-and-muscle-wasting-conditions
#9
REVIEW
Milan Holeček
Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) is a metabolite of the essential amino acid leucine that has been reported to have anabolic effects on protein metabolism. The aims of this article were to summarize the results of studies of the effects of HMB on skeletal muscle and to examine the evidence for the rationale to use HMB as a nutritional supplement to exert beneficial effects on muscle mass and function in various conditions of health and disease. The data presented here indicate that the beneficial effects of HMB have been well characterized in strength-power and endurance exercise...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492999/physical-activity-improves-cognition-possible-explanations
#10
REVIEW
Blanka Koščak Tivadar
Good cognitive abilities (CA) enable autonomy, improve social inclusion and act preventively. Regular physical activity (PA) reduces the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and, at the same time, it reduces the decline of CA and stimulates neurogenesis. So PA in connection with cognitive training, nutrition and social interaction has a positive effect on general CA and the central nervous system, the central executor, memory and attention, and reduces the likelihood of developing dementia. Our objective was to examine which sort and intensity of PA is preferred...
May 10, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488889/experiencing-place-younger-people-with-dementia-facing-aged-care
#11
Sally Rimkeit, Jacqueline McIntosh
OBJECTIVES: There are currently few facilities for people with younger onset dementia and they are placed by default into dementia care facilities designed for the elderly. There is limited understanding of how people with younger onset dementia and their care givers anticipate or experience aged residential care. This qualitative study has used semi-structured interviews to give voice to the opinions and perspectives of nine people with younger onset dementia and 11 care givers. METHOD: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used for idiographic analysis, allowing examination of the lived experience of younger people with dementia and an iterative exploration of what their experiences mean...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488827/water-versus-land-based-exercises-as-physical-training-programs-in-elderly
#12
Elvira Padua, Francesca Campoli, Vincenzo Manzi, Michele Panzarino, Mauro Lombardo, Giovanni Melchiorri, Virginia Tancredi, Pietro Lebone, Francesco Palazzo, Giuseppe Annino
BACKGROUND: The study aims to analyze and quantify the improvements of some physical skills in a group of subjects over 65 years old who practice regular activities in the gym and in a microgravity environment. METHODS: 132 subjects (68.9 ± 5.5 yrs, 72.7 ± 14.4 kg, 155.3 ± 9.2, 30.6 ± 5 kg/m2) who perform regular physical activity adapted and controlled for the elderly twice a week (50' per session) for a period of 8 months. The tests evaluate flexibility, abdominal and leg strength and balance...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488564/hippocampal-cholinergic-neurostimulating-peptide-as-a-possible-modulating-factor-against-glutamatergic-neuronal-disability-by-amyloid-oligomers
#13
Toyohiro Sato, Yoshiaki Ohi, Daisuke Kato, Masayuki Mizuno, Hiroshi Takase, Tetsuko Kanamori, Cesar V Borlongan, Akira Haji, Noriyuki Matsukawa
Despite having pathological changes in the brain associated Alzheimer's disease (AD), some patients have preserved cognitive function. A recent epidemiological study has shown that diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring interventions may reduce cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people in the general population. However, the details of molecular mechanisms underlying this cognitive function preservation are still unknown. Previous report demonstrated that enriched environments prevent the impairment of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) through β2-adrenergic signals, when LTP is incompletely suppressed by synthetic amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers...
May 9, 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481172/clinical-decision-making-to-address-poor-outcomes-in-persistent-horizontal-semicircular-canal-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-case-study
#14
Brian M Moore
BACKGROUND: Horizontal semicircular canal BPPV (HSC-BPPV) can occur in 10-30% of BPPV cases. Lower success rates are reported for HSC-BPPV. The apogeotropic form of HSC-BPPV is more difficult to treat, as 5-40% of cases are described to be refractory to repositioning maneuvers. PURPOSE: To describe the assessment and treatment of a patient presenting with HSC-BPPV and to demonstrate the potential use of Forced-Prolonged Positioning (FPP) as a home exercise program (HEP) for persistent HSC-BPPV in an elderly patient...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479898/aerobic-exercise-improves-quality-of-life-psychological-well-being-and-systemic-inflammation-in-subjects-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Osama H Al-Jiffri
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease has a destructive drawbacks on the patient and his/her entire family as this disease badly af fects the behavior, cognition and abilities to do activities of daily living (ADL). The physical and mental benefits of exercise are widely known but seldom available to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure quality of life, systemic inflammation and psychological well-being response to aerobic exercises in Alzheimer's...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479388/acceleration-based-training-a-new-mode-of-training-in-senescent-rats-improving-performance-and-left-ventricular-and-muscle-functions
#16
Thierry Launay, Iman Momken, Serge Carreira, Nathalie Mougenot, Xian-Long Zhou, Leanne De Koning, Romain Niel, Bruno Riou, Véronique Billat, Sophie Besse
High intensity training (HIT) has been shown to improve maximal aerobic capacity and muscle protein synthesis but has not yet been investigated in senescent rats. We hypothesized that the change of speed (acceleration) during each bout of HIT acts as a stimulus responsible for the adaptations of the organism to exercise. Twenty two month-old (mo) rats (n=14) were subjected to a short acceleration protocol (20-30min) of exercise, comprising 3 independent bouts of acceleration and compared to an age-matched sedentary group (n=14)...
May 4, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474873/circuit-strength-training-improves-muscle-strength-functional-performance-and-anthropometric-indicators-in-sedentary-elderly-women
#17
Mauro L Mazini Filho, Felipe J Aidar, Dihogo Gama de Matos, Osvaldo Costa Moreira, Cláudia E Patrocínio de Oliveira, Gabriela R de Oliveira Venturini, Victor Magalhães Curty, Henrique Menezes Touguinha, Maria E Caputo Ferreira
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of circuit strength training on the muscle strength, functional autonomy and anthropometric indicators of the elderly. METHODS: Were included 65 women divided in two groups: strength training (TG, n= 34) and control group (CG, n = 31). The strength-training group was subjected to a circuit shaped training program, three days per week, for a period of 12 weeks. In each training session, the circuit was repeated three times...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473614/lower-limb-explosive-strength-capacity-in-elderly-women-effects-of-resistance-training-and-healthy-diet
#18
Peter Edholm, Emelie Strandberg, Fawzi Kadi
The effects of 24-weeks of resistance training combined with a healthy diet on lower limb explosive strength capacity were investigated in a population of healthy elderly women. Participants (n=63; 67.5 ± 0.4 yrs) were randomized into three groups; resistance training (RT), resistance training and healthy diet (RT-HD) and control (CON). Progressive resistance training was performed at a load of 75%-85% 1 RM. A major adjustment in the healthy dietary approach was an n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio below 2. Lower limb maximal strength, explosive force capacity during dynamic and isometric movements, whole body lean mass and physical function were assessed...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465305/effects-of-different-amounts-of-exercise-on-preventing-depressive-symptoms-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#19
Yu-Chen Chang, Mei-Chun Lu, I-Han Hu, Wan-Chi Ida Wu, Susan C Hu
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of four different amounts of exercise for preventing depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A nationally representative sample in Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: Four waves of the survey 'Taiwan Longitudinal Study on Aging (TLSA)' from 1996 to 2007 were analysed. A total of 2673 older adults aged 65 years and over were recruited. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD)...
May 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462119/whole-body-vibration-as-a-potential-countermeasure-for-dynapenia-and-arterial-stiffness
#20
REVIEW
Arturo Figueroa, Salvador J Jaime, Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado
Age-related decreases in muscle mass and strength are associated with decreased mobility, quality of life, and increased cardiovascular risk. Coupled with the prevalence of obesity, the risk of death becomes substantially greater. Resistance training (RT) has a well-documented beneficial impact on muscle mass and strength in young and older adults, although the high-intensity needed to elicit these adaptations may have a detrimental or negligible impact on vascular function, specifically on arterial stiffness...
September 2016: Integr Med Res
keyword
keyword
55007
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"