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Exercise and elderly

D J Van de Poppe, E Hulzebos, T Takken
BACKGROUND: The peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) test is the gold standard for cardiorespiratory fitness. However, the test is demanding, requiring sophisticated apparatus for measuring the oxygen uptake. Peak work rate (WRpeak) testing is a promising substitute for peak VO2 peak testing. However, there is a paucity of research conducted to determine reference values (RVs) for WRpeak. METHODS: The database from the LowLands fitness registry was used, containing data from health checks from apparently healthy subjects among various professions...
June 22, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Ning-Chuan Li, Xia-Lian Yin, Xiu-Xia Wei, Wei Lu, Shi-Wen Shen, Lang Xiao, Yu-Long Hu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the interventional effects of 16-week aerobic exercises on the elderly's arteriosclerosis and its mechanism. METHODS: Twenty-seven elderly people with the average age of 62. 70 ±3. 26 joined a 16-week square dance/taijiquan exercise program that conducted 60 minutes each time, six times per week. Arterial stiffness and its related indexes such as systolic pressure(SBP), diastolic pressure(DBP), left brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (L-baPWV), right brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity(R-baPWV), left ankle brachial index (L-ABI), right ankle brachial index(R-ABI), serum triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-c), low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c), superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were detected at 3 time points including before exercise program, by the end of exercise for 8 weeks and 16 weeks...
February 8, 2018: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Bin Fan
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of walking pace on the fitness of middle-aged and elderly people in order to provide more theoretical data for the development of entensive mass fitness based on the means of sports physiological and biochemical techniques. METHODS: The selected 80 middle-aged and elderly subjects were divided into three groups:brisk walking group A ( n =30, 56.26 ±3.68 years), brisk walking group B ( n =30, 57.65 ±4.78 years), and control group C ( n =20, 55...
February 8, 2018: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Guilherme Medeiros de Alvarenga, Simone Arando Charkovski, Larissa Kelin Dos Santos, Mayara Alves Barbosa da Silva, Guilherme Oliveira Tomaz, Humberto Remigio Gamba
OBJECTIVE: Aging is progressive, and its effects on the respiratory system include changes in the composition of the connective tissues of the lung that influence thoracic and lung compliance. The Powerbreathe® K5 is a device used for inspiratory muscle training with resistance adapted to the level of the inspiratory muscles to be trained. The Pilates method promotes muscle rebalancing exercises that emphasize the powerhouse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of inspiratory muscle training combined with the Pilates method on lung function in elderly women...
2018: Clinics
Roberta Fernanda da Silva, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, Thiago José Dionísio, AndréMourão Jacomini, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, Sandra Lia Amaral, Carlos Ferreira Santos, Anderson Saranz Zago
OBJECTIVE: Polymorphisms of the renin angiotensin system (RAS) are associated with increases in blood pressure (BP). Physical exercise has been considered the main strategy to prevent this increase. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between estimated training status (TS), BP and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in elderly people classified as low or high risk to develop hypertension according to genetic profile. METHODS: A total of 155 elderly participants performed the following assessments: general functional fitness index (GFFI), systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP), blood collection for ACE activity and analyses of the RAS polymorphisms...
April 2018: Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System: JRAAS
Seung-Hyun Boo, Min Cheol Joo, Jeong Mi Lee, Seung Chan Kim, Young Mi Yu, Min-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia reduces physical ability and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), leading to poor quality of life. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between skeletal muscle mass and CRF in elderly men. METHODS: We assessed 102 community-dwelling men over 60 years old. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) was determined using bioelectrical impedance analysis, and the skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was calculated as ASM divided by the square of height...
June 18, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Stephan Uschok, Sebastian Herrmann, Stephan Pauly, Carsten Perka, Stefan Greiner
INTRODUCTION: Reverse shoulder arthroplasty shifts the rotational center of the shoulder joint caudally and medially to restore shoulder function in a rotator cuff deficient shoulder. Despite promising results in early- and mid-term follow-up, long-term loss in shoulder function has been described in the literature. A lack of exercise in elderly patients may be one reason for this loss in function. This study examines the functional benefits of physical therapy in the mid-term to long-term follow-up regarding the subjective and objective shoulder function...
June 19, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
K A M Waldock, M Hayes, P W Watt, N S Maxwell
OBJECTIVES: The elderly population is at an increasingly significant health risk to heat-related illnesses and mortality when compared with younger people in the same conditions. This is due to an increased frequency and severity of heatwaves, attributed to climate change, and reduced ability of elderly individuals to dissipate excess heat. Consequently, most excess deaths and emergency visits during heatwaves occur in people aged more than 65 years. The aim of this investigation was to assess the physiological and perceptual responses of elderly people during exercise sessions equating to activities of daily living in UK summer climatic conditions...
June 15, 2018: Public Health
Antonella Delle Fave, Marta Bassi, Elena S Boccaletti, Carlotta Roncaglione, Giuseppina Bernardelli, Daniela Mari
In the last few decades, the relationship between physical conditions and mental health has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers and professionals across disciplines. This relationship is especially relevant in old age, as the challenges posed by aging at various levels represent crucial concerns for policy makers. Due to the remarkable increase in life expectancy across countries, sustainable prevention strategies are needed to help individuals preserve psychophysical well-being in old age. In particular, the regular practice of a moderately intense physical activity is recommended by the World Health Organization to enhance balance, prevent falls, strengthen muscles, and promote psychophysical well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Antonio Garcìa-Hermoso, Carlos Celis-Morales, Robinson Ramirez-Velez, Paulo Gentil, Mikel Izquierdo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of 12 weeks of high-speed resistance training on functional performance and quality of life in elderly women when using either a traditional-set (TS) or a cluster-set (CS) configuration for inter-set rest. METHODS: Three groups of subjects were formed by block-design randomization as follows: (i) control group (CG, n = 17; age, 66.5 ± 5.4 years); (ii) 12-week high-speed resistance training group under a CS configuration (CSG, n = 15; age, 67...
June 14, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Takanobu Shioya, Susumu Sato, Masahiro Iwakura, Hitomi Takahashi, Yoshino Terui, Sachiko Uemura, Masahiro Satake
Physical activity (PA) is defined as bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles with energy expenditure beyond resting levels. PA is closely related to reduced morbidity and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Self-report questionnaires are often subject to recall bias, correlating poorly with objectively qualified PA, and do not provide an accurate estimate of free-living energy expenditure. PA may be objectively evaluated by newly developed tri-axial accelerometers by quantifying steps or body movements over a period of time...
June 11, 2018: Respiratory Investigation
Jiaqin Cui, Youping Bai, Lin Wu, Mingming Sun, Chan Lin, Haoyue Zhang, Min Su, Weiwei Song
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of exercise and resveratrol on retinol binding protein 4( RBP4) mRNA and protein expression in visceral adipose tissue, plasma RBP4 concentration and blood glucose and insulin sensitivity of aged obese rats. METHODS: To establish elderly obese SD rat model, 6 aged rats of natural growth were selected normal group, 24 obese rats were randomly divided into four groups: obesity control group, exercise group, resveratrol group, exercise combined with resveratrol group...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Neda Gilani, Rouhollah Haghshenas, Mahmoud Esmaeili
OBJECTIVE: SIRT6 is a main regulator of metabolism and lifespan and its importance has been implicated in the prevention against aging-related diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the application of multivariate longitudinal models in SIRT6, FBS, and BMI analysis in the elderly men after eight weeks concurrent training with supplementation of l-arginine (l-Arg). METHODS: Thirty two elderly men with mean age of 63.09 ± 3.71 years were randomly divided into four equal-sized groups (each n = 8); Exercise + supplement (ES) group; exercise + placebo (EP) group; supplement (S) group and control (C) group...
June 14, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Fernando Alexis Galle, Diana Martella, Guilherme Bresciani
Aging is characterised by a gradual loss of the functional reserve. This, along with the fostering of sedentary habits and the increase in risk factors, causes a deterioration of antioxidant defences and an increase of the circulatory levels of inflammatory and oxidative markers, boosting a low-rate chronic inflammation, defined as inflamm-aging. This phenomenon is present in the aetiopathology of chronic diseases, as well as in cognitive deterioration cases associated with aging. The objective of this review is to describe the modulation of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of physical exercise of moderate intensity and volume in the elderly...
June 10, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Pei-Hsuan Weng, Jen-Hau Chen, Jeng-Min Chiou, Yu-Kang Tu, Ta-Fu Chen, Ming-Jang Chiu, Sung-Chun Tang, Shin-Joe Yeh, Yen-Ching Chen
This study aimed to identify lifestyle factors associated with cognitive change and to explore whether the effect of lifestyle varies by socioeconomic status (SES). Participants aged 65 years and older were recruited from elderly health checkup programs from 2011 to 2013 in Taiwan. Neuropsychological tests, including tests of global cognition, logical memory, executive function, verbal fluency and attention, were administered at baseline (N = 603) and 2 years later (N = 509). After literature review, 9 lifestyle factors and 3 SES indicators were chosen and their effects on cognitive change were evaluated using linear regression adjusting for age, sex, education, APOE ε4 status, and baseline cognitive score...
2018: PloS One
O H Jong-Chi
Aging causes motor function deterioration in the elderly population, which in turn can cause weakness in the muscles associated with swallowing. Swallowing-related problems in elderly individuals can be prevented or their symptoms can be improved with strengthening exercises for the muscles involved in swallowing. The existing strengthening exercises for the suprahyoid muscle have their limitations. Therefore, it is necessary to find another exercise that can be performed by individuals whose personal characteristics make it difficult for them to perform the existing exercises...
June 9, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Qing-Qing Li, Xian-Ge Gui, Zeng-Hui Jiang, Xuan-Liang Ru
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of functional recovery after intramedullary nail fixation for femoral intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients, and to propose corresponding measures to promote postoperative hip function recovery. METHODS: From June 2012 to June 2015, 74 patients after intramedullary nail fixation surgery were analyzed, including 33 males and 41 females, with an average age of(75.07±7.89) years old, and divided into well-function group(55 patients) and bad-function group(19 patients) according to Sanders function criterion...
May 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Bharathi Upadhya, Mark J Haykowsky, Dalane W Kitzman
Heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is the most common form of HF. Among elderly women, HFpEF comprises more than 80% of incident HF cases. Adverse outcomes-exercise intolerance, poor quality of life, frequent hospitalizations, and reduced survival-approach those of classic HF with reduced EF (HFrEF). However, despite its importance, our understanding of the pathophysiology of HFpEF is incomplete, and despite intensive efforts, optimal therapy remains uncertain, as most trials to date have been negative...
June 7, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
Yuya Watanabe, Yosuke Yamada, Keiichi Yokoyama, Tsukasa Yoshida, Yasuko Yoshinaka, Mie Yoshimoto, Yoko Tanaka, Aya Itoi, Emi Yamagata, Naoyuki Ebine, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Misaka Kimura
Objective: The number of long-term care (LTC) users and the associated expenditures in Japan are increasing dramatically. The national government recommends LTC prevention through activation of communities. However, there is no clear evidence of the effect of population-based comprehensive geriatric intervention program (CGIP) for restraints of LTC users and the associated expenditures in the future. The aims of the current paper are to describe the study protocol and progress of a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a CGIP in Kameoka City...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Tawatchai Apidechkul
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension (HT) are major noncommunicable health problems in both developing and developed countries, including Thailand. Each year, a large amount of money is budgeted for treatment and care. Hill tribe people are a marginalized population in Thailand, and members of its elderly population are vulnerable to health problems due to language barriers, lifestyles, and daily dietary intake. METHODS: An analytic cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of T2DM and HT and to assess the factors associated with T2DM and HT...
June 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
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