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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770340/diabetes-related-distress-assessment-among-type-2-diabetes-patients
#1
Majed O Aljuaid, Abdulmajeed M Almutairi, Mohammed A Assiri, Dhifallah M Almalki, Khaled Alswat
Background and Objectives: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases; it is a debilitating and hard to live with. Diabetes-related distress (DRD) refers to the emotional and behavioral changes caused by diabetes. Our study aims to assess the prevalence of DRD among type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients using Diabetes Distress Scale-17 items (DDS-17) and its relation to complications and treatment modalities. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adult T2D patients with follow-up visits at the Diabetes and Endocrinology Center in Taif, Saudi Arabia, between January and July 2017...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738012/walking-based-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-saudi-males-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Mohammed M Alyami, Sue C Jenkins, Kylie Hill
OBJECTIVES: To compare walking-based activity and sedentary behavior between males with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and healthy controls and to examine the association between dyspnea with time spent in walking-based activity and sedentary behavior in males with COPD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 30 males with COPD (age 62.0±5.0 years; forced expiratory volume in one second [FEV1] 46±15% predicted) and 29 healthy controls (age 63.0±4...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693605/impact-of-a-translated-disease-self-management-program-on-employee-health-and-productivity-six-month-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Matthew Lee Smith, Mark G Wilson, Melissa M Robertson, Heather M Padilla, Heather Zuercher, Robert Vandenberg, Phaedra Corso, Kate Lorig, Diana D Laurent, David M DeJoy
Disease management is gaining importance in workplace health promotion given the aging workforce and rising chronic disease prevalence. The Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) is an effective intervention widely offered in diverse community settings; however, adoption remains low in workplace settings. As part of a larger NIH-funded randomized controlled trial, this study examines the effectiveness of a worksite-tailored version of CDSMP (wCDSMP [ n = 72]) relative to CDSMP (‘Usual Care’ [ n = 109]) to improve health and work performance among employees with one or more chronic conditions...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611343/work-disability-in-argentinian-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-is-prevalent-and-it-is-due-to-ethnic-socioeconomic-and-disease-related-factors
#4
Cecilia N Pisoni, Sebastián A Muñoz, María N Tamborenea, Mercedes García, Ana Curti, Ana Cappuccio, Oscar Rillo, Patricia M Imamura, Emilce Schneeberger, Marcela Ballent, Mario L Cousseau, Jorge Velasco Zamora, Verónica Saurit, Sergio Toloza, María C Danielsen, Verónica I Bellomio, Cesar Graf, Sergio Paira, Javier Cavallasca, Bernardo Pons Estel, José L C Moreno, Mónica Díaz, Paula Alba, Marcela Verando, Guillermo Tate, Eduardo Mysler, Judith Sarano, Emma E Civit, Fabián Risueño, Pablo Álvarez Sepúlveda, María S Larroude, Marcos F Méndez, Andrea Conforti, Débora Sohn
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and the associated factors of work disability (WD) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. METHODS: A sample of 419 SLE patients from an observational cross-sectional multicenter study was included. Sociodemographic features, disease characteristics, comorbidities, quality of life, unhealthy behaviors, and work-related factors were measured in a standardized interview. Work disability was defined by patient self-report of not being able to work because of SLE...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520741/adherence-to-insulin-emotional-distress-and-trust-in-physician-among-patients-with-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Lucine Halepian, Mary Bou Saleh, Souheil Hallit, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes represents a significant public health issue, with increasing prevalence in developing countries while adherence to insulin treatment remains a challenge. No studies have evaluated the relationship between adherence to insulin, diabetes-related distress, and trust in physician among persons with diabetes. Our objectives were to evaluate treatment adherence to insulin, emotional distress (using the Problem Areas in Diabetes Questionnaire, PAID), trust in physician, and to examine associations between them among Lebanese patients with diabetes...
April 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416991/adolescent-health-in-urban-india
#6
REVIEW
S Ramadass, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Baridalyne Nongkynrih
Adolescence is the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, from ages 10 to 19 years. It is a period of dynamic brain development. During this period, adolescents learn from the social behavior and environmental surroundings of their community. Because of rapid urbanization without accounting for the basic health-care amenities, health disparities tend to arise. In this review, we have tried to describe the health profile of adolescents in urban India. Relevant articles were extracted from PubMed and related websites...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357332/cerebral-blood-flow-and-heart-rate-variability-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#7
Anneleen Malfliet, Roselien Pas, Raf Brouns, Joris De Win, Samar M Hatem, Mira Meeus, Kelly Ickmans, Robbert-Jan van Hooff, Jo Nijs
BACKGROUND: Pain, fatigue, and concentration difficulties are typical features of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The exact underlying mechanisms of these symptoms are still unknown, but available evidence suggests an important role for impaired pain modulation. As evidence also suggests that pain modulation is related to cardiovascular mechanisms, it seems logical to investigate whether cerebral blood flow (CBF) and heart rate variability (HRV) are altered in these patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the role of the cardiovascular system in pain modulation and symptoms of CFS; the response of CBF and HRV to physical stress and their relation to the change in temporal summation (TS) of pressure pain and self-reported symptoms was evaluated...
January 2018: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343740/modifiable-lifestyle-behaviors-but-not-a-genetic-risk-score-associate-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-evening-chronotypes
#8
Beatriz Vera, Hassan S Dashti, Purificación Gómez-Abellán, Antonio M Hernández-Martínez, Alberto Esteban, Frank A J L Scheer, Richa Saxena, Marta Garaulet
Evening chronotype associates with health complications possibly via lifestyle factors, while the contribution of genetics is unknown. The aim was to study the relative contributions of genetics, lifestyle, and circadian-related physiological characteristics in metabolic risk of evening chronotype. In order to capture a biological contribution to chronotype, a genetic-risk-score (GRS), comprised of 15 chronotype-related variants, was tested. Moreover, a wide range of behavioral and emotional eating factors was studied within the same population...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302796/prehabilitation-a-new-area-of-integration-between-geriatricians-anesthesiologists-and-exercise-therapists
#9
Francesco Carli, Vanessa Ferreira
Surgery in combination with risk factors such as poor physical and nutritional status have detrimental effects on short- and long-term aspects of recovery and quality of life, especially in elderly patients whose functional reserve is limited. Strategies to minimize these effects and accelerate return to baseline levels have focused on the intra- and post-operative period; however, this may not be the most opportune time to intervene. Instead, the preoperative period may be a more emotionally salient and physically enabling time to initiate an intervention aimed at attenuating surgical stress and enhancing recovery after surgery...
March 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236719/neighbourhood-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-multilevel-analysis
#10
Vânia Rocha, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Milton Severo, Henrique Barros, Sílvia Fraga
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and health-related quality of life in urban neighbourhoods, using a multilevel approach. METHODS: Of the population-based cohort EPIPorto, 1154 georeferenced participants completed the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. Neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation classes were estimated using latent-class analysis. Multilevel models measured clustering and contextual effects of neighbourhood deprivation on physical and mental HRQoL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225776/the-sedentary-r-evolution-have-we-lost-our-metabolic-flexibility
#11
Jens Freese, Rainer Johannes Klement, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Helmut Lötzerich
During the course of evolution, up until the agricultural revolution, environmental fluctuations forced the human species to develop a flexible metabolism in order to adapt its energy needs to various climate, seasonal and vegetation conditions. Metabolic flexibility safeguarded human survival independent of food availability. In modern times, humans switched their primal lifestyle towards a constant availability of energy-dense, yet often nutrient-deficient, foods, persistent psycho-emotional stressors and a lack of exercise...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219104/adherence-to-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-and-associations-with-social-cognitive-development-among-australian-preschool-children
#12
Dylan P Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart A Vella, Steven J Howard, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D Okely, Marc de Rosnay
BACKGROUND: The new Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years recommend that, for preschoolers, a healthy 24-h includes: i) ≥180 min of physical activity, including ≥60 min of energetic play, ii) ≤1 h of sedentary screen time, and iii) 10-13 h of good quality sleep. Using an Australian sample, this study reports the proportion of preschool children meeting these guidelines and investigates associations with social-cognitive development. METHODS: Data from 248 preschool children (mean age = 4...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219078/systematic-review-of-the-relationships-between-sleep-duration-and-health-indicators-in-the-early-years-0-4-years
#13
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Casey E Gray, Veronica J Poitras, Valerie Carson, Reut Gruber, Catherine S Birken, Joanna E MacLean, Salomé Aubert, Margaret Sampson, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to examine for the first time the associations between sleep duration and a broad range of health indicators in children aged 0 to 4 years. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched with no limits on date or study design. Included studies (published in English or French) were peer-reviewed and met the a priori determined population (apparently healthy children aged 1 month to 4.99 years), intervention/exposure/comparator (various sleep durations), and outcome criteria (adiposity, emotional regulation, cognitive development, motor development, growth, cardiometabolic health, sedentary behaviour, physical activity, quality of life/well-being, and risks/injuries)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219071/systematic-review-of-the-relationships-between-combinations-of-movement-behaviours-and-health-indicators-in-the-early-years-0-4-years
#14
Nicholas Kuzik, Veronica J Poitras, Mark S Tremblay, Eun-Young Lee, Stephen Hunter, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: A recent review highlighted important relationships between combinations of movement behaviours (i.e., sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity) and health indicators among school-aged children and youth (aged 5-17 years). It is unclear whether similar relationships exist in younger children. Therefore, this review sought to examine the relationships between combinations of movement behaviours and health indicators in the early years (1.00 month to 4.99 years)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214834/source-and-size-of-social-support-network-on-sedentary-behavior-among-older-adults
#15
Paul D Loprinzi, Elizabeth A Crush
PURPOSE: To examine the association of source of social support and size of social support network on sedentary behavior among older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2006. PARTICIPANTS: 2519 older adults (60+ years). MEASURES: Sedentary behavior was assessed via accelerometry over a 7-day period. Social support was assessed via self-report...
January 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209385/the-role-of-uncontrolled-eating-and-screen-time-in-the-link-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-weight-in-late-childhood
#16
Joung-Sook Ahn, Seongho Min, Min-Hyuk Kim
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the mediating roles of uncontrolled eating and sedentary behaviours in the link of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and weight. Methods: A total of 352 children in fifth and sixth grade participated in the present study by completing the self-rated Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and Children of Alcoholics Screening Test during regular classes. An additional questionnaire completed by their parents provided information about the children's ADHD and emotional symptoms, sedentary behaviour based on screen time, and parental variables...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183954/associations-between-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-later-mental-health-outcomes-in-children-findings-from-the-uk-millennium-cohort-study
#17
Jane V Ahn, Francesco Sera, Steven Cummins, Eirini Flouri
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effect of physical activity (PA) on mental health in adults is well established, but less is known about this relationship in children. We examine associations between objectively measured sedentary time, PA and mental health in 11-year-olds from the UK Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). METHODS: Longitudinal data from MCS sweeps 4 (age 7) and 5 (age 11) were used (n=6153). Accelerometer data were collected at MCS4, and mental health was measured at MCS4 and MCS5 using subscales (peer, emotional, conduct, hyperactivity) of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
February 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060005/rich-context-information-for-just-in-time-adaptive-intervention-promoting-physical-activity
#18
F Cruciani, C Nugent, I Cleland, P McCullagh
Sedentary lifestyle and inadequate levels of physical activity represent two serious health risk factors. Nevertheless, within developed countries, 60% of people aged over 60 are deemed to be sedentary. Consequently, interest in behavior change to promote physical activity is increasing. In particular, the role of emerging mobile apps to facilitate behavior change has shown promising results. Smart technologies can help in providing rich context information including an objective assessment of the level of physical activity and information on the emotional and physiological state of the person...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964775/influence-of-physical-activity-on-addiction-parameters-of-rats-exposed-to-amphetamine-which-were-previously-supplemented-with-hydrogenated-vegetable-fat
#19
H J Segat, R C S Barcelos, V G Metz, H Z Rosa, Kr Roversi, C T D Antoniazzi, L T Vey, M Kronbauer, J C Veit, J C Piccolo, T Emanuelli, M E Burger
Amphetamine (AMPH) and its derivatives are addictive drugs used to promote and enhance alertness, motivation, willingness, courage and wellbeing. However, their chronic use is related to memory loss, emotional instability, insomnia, psychosis and paranoia. In the last decades, modern society has included processed foods, rich in trans fatty acids (TFA), in their diet, what has been related to several health problems including increased AMPH preference and self-administration. In this scenario, physical activity appears to be useful to attenuate rewarding symptoms related to addictive drugs mainly by affecting brain neuroplasticity and neurotransmission...
September 28, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838897/rethinking-exercise-identity-a-qualitative-study-of-physically-inactive-cancer-patients-transforming-process-while-undergoing-chemotherapy
#20
Lis Adamsen, Christina Andersen, Christian Lillelund, Kira Bloomquist, Tom Møller
OBJECTIVE: To explore physically inactive breast and colon cancer patients' prediagnosis exercise history and attitudes to physical activity (PA) and experiences in initiating PA while undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. DESIGN: An explorative qualitative study guided the interpretive analysis of semistructured, open-ended interviews conducted at initiation of chemotherapy and after 12 weeks. The study was embedded in a pilot randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Participants were recruited from the Oncological Department at a hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
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