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Sedentary and emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060005/rich-context-information-for-just-in-time-adaptive-intervention-promoting-physical-activity
#1
F Cruciani, C Nugent, I Cleland, P McCullagh
Sedentary lifestyle and inadequate levels of physical activity represent two serious health risk factors. Nevertheless, within developed countries, 60% of people aged over 60 are deemed to be sedentary. Consequently, interest in behavior change to promote physical activity is increasing. In particular, the role of emerging mobile apps to facilitate behavior change has shown promising results. Smart technologies can help in providing rich context information including an objective assessment of the level of physical activity and information on the emotional and physiological state of the person...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964775/influence-of-physical-activity-on-addiction-parameters-of-rats-exposed-to-amphetamine-which-were-previously-supplemented-with-hydrogenated-vegetable-fat
#2
H J Segat, R C S Barcelos, V G Metz, H Z Rosa, Kr Roversi, C T D Antoniazzi, L T Vey, M Kronbauer, J C Veit, J C Piccolo, T Emanuelli, M E Burger
Amphetamine (AMPH) and its derivatives are addictive drugs used to promote and enhance alertness, motivation, willingness, courage and wellbeing. However, their chronic use is related to memory loss, emotional instability, insomnia, psychosis and paranoia. In the last decades, modern society has included processed foods, rich in trans fatty acids (TFA), in their diet, what has been related to several health problems including increased AMPH preference and self-administration. In this scenario, physical activity appears to be useful to attenuate rewarding symptoms related to addictive drugs mainly by affecting brain neuroplasticity and neurotransmission...
September 28, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838897/rethinking-exercise-identity-a-qualitative-study-of-physically-inactive-cancer-patients-transforming-process-while-undergoing-chemotherapy
#3
Lis Adamsen, Christina Andersen, Christian Lillelund, Kira Bloomquist, Tom Møller
OBJECTIVE: To explore physically inactive breast and colon cancer patients' prediagnosis exercise history and attitudes to physical activity (PA) and experiences in initiating PA while undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. DESIGN: An explorative qualitative study guided the interpretive analysis of semistructured, open-ended interviews conducted at initiation of chemotherapy and after 12 weeks. The study was embedded in a pilot randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Participants were recruited from the Oncological Department at a hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752553/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-psychosocial-well-being-among-young-south-korean-children
#4
E-Y Lee, V Carson
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between television (TV) viewing, reading, physical activity (PA), and psychosocial well-being among a representative sample of young South Korean children aged 0-5 years. METHODS: Findings are based on 1,774 children who participated in the Korea Children and Youth Survey. All measures were questionnaire-derived. Psychosocial well-being included social, interactive, and emotional skills (α = .7-.9), and the top quartile denoted high psychosocial well-being...
July 28, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#5
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
August 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559045/physical-activity-and-frailty-as-indicators-of-cardiorespiratory-reserve-and-predictors-of-surgical-prognosis-general-and-digestive-surgery-population-characterization
#6
F Dana, D Capitán, M Ubré, A Hervás, R Risco, G Martínez-Pallí
INTRODUCTION: Frailty and low physical activity and cardiorespiratory reserve are related to higher perioperative morbimortality. The crucial step in improving the prognosis is to implement specific measures to optimize these aspects. It is critical to know the magnitude of the problem in order to implement preoperative optimization programmes. OBJECTIVE: To characterize surgical population in a university hospital. METHODS: All patients undergoing preoperative evaluation for abdominal surgery with admission were prospectively included during a 3-month period...
May 27, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556463/a-single-bout-of-exercise-increases-hippocampal-bdnf-influence-of-chronic-exercise-and-noradrenaline
#7
A C Venezia, E Quinlan, S M Roth
Research in human subjects suggests that acute exercise can improve memory performance, but the qualities of the exercise necessary to promote improved memory, and the signaling pathways that mediate these effects are unknown. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf), noradrenergic signaling, and post-translational modifications to AMPA receptors have all been implicated in the enhancement of memory following emotional or physical arousal; however, it is not known if a single bout of exercise is sufficient to engage these pathways...
November 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169562/does-preschool-physical-activity-and-electronic-media-use-predict-later-social-and-emotional-skills-at-6-to-8-years-a-cohort-study
#8
Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Kylie Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the associations of preschoolers' health behaviors with their later psychosocial wellbeing. This study investigates the association of 3- to 5-year-old children's physical activity and electronic media use with their later social-emotional skills (6-8 years). METHODS: Data were collected in 2008-2009 and 2011-2012 for the Healthy Active Preschool and Primary Years (HAPPY) Study in metropolitan Melbourne. Participants were a random subsample (n = 108) of the 567 children at follow-up...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130174/exercise-increases-mtor-signaling-in-brain-regions-involved-in-cognition-and-emotional-behavior
#9
Brian A Lloyd, Holly S Hake, Takayuki Ishiwata, Caroline E Farmer, Esteban C Loetz, Monika Fleshner, Sondra T Bland, Benjamin N Greenwood
Exercise can enhance learning and memory and produce resistance against stress-related psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. In rats, these beneficial effects of exercise occur regardless of exercise controllability: both voluntary and forced wheel running produce stress-protective effects. The mechanisms underlying these beneficial effects of exercise remain unknown. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a translation regulator important for cell growth, proliferation, and survival. mTOR has been implicated in enhancing learning and memory as well as antidepressant effects...
April 14, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034357/psychological-stress-in-pathogenesis-of-essential-hypertension
#10
Alexey V Ushakov, Vera S Ivanchenko, Alina A Gagarina
The article represents literature review and provides evidence for psychological stress to play essential role in the development of arterial hypertension. The pathogenesis of hypertension is complex with a significant diversity and variability of the mechanisms involved in individual patient. In this regard, the determination of specific pathogenic pathways underlying sustained blood pressure elevation in each patient would substantially individualize therapeutic approaches, and hence increase the effectiveness of treatment...
2016: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032812/objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-obesity-and-psychological-well-being-a-cross-sectional-study-of-japanese-schoolchildren
#11
Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Minoru Adachi, Yoshiyuki Mano, Koichiro Oka
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviors (SB) are associated with health indicators; however, there are currently very few studies that have examined these associations, especially in conjunction with psychological factors, in children. The current study examined the independent relationship between objectively assessed SB, and indicators of obesity and psychological well-being, among Japanese children. METHODS: A total of 967 elementary-school children completed a cross-sectional survey...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018254/elaboration-of-the-environmental-stress-hypothesis-results-from-a-population-based-6-year-follow-up
#12
Matthias Wagner, Darko Jekauc, Annette Worth, Alexander Woll
The aim of this paper was to contribute to the elaboration of the Environmental Stress Hypothesis framework by testing eight hypotheses addressing the direct impact of gross motor coordination problems in elementary-school on selected physical, behavioral and psychosocial outcomes in adolescence. Results are based on a longitudinal sample of 940 participants who were (i) recruited as part of a population-based representative survey on health, physical fitness and physical activity in childhood and adolescence, (ii) assessed twice within 6 years, between the ages of 6 and 10 years old as well as between the ages of 12 and 16 years old (Response Rate: 55...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917815/sleep-quality-differs-between-athletes-and-non-athletes
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Havva Demirel
PURPOSE: Sufficient sleep or sleep of sufficient quality is essential for the health of children, adolescents and adults, as sleep influences almost all dimensions of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible positive effects of sportsmanship on sleep quality and to assess the possible differences in sleep quality between athletes and non-athletes. METHODS: Sedentary or non-athletes subjects (n=103) and athletes (n=93) participated in this study...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784325/alcohol-consumption-and-accentuated-personality-traits-among-young-adults-in-romania-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Cornelia Rada, Alexandru Teodor Ispas
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption (AC) has negative social and economic consequences, affects health, and can create dependence. As dependence is particularly difficult to cure, prevention is important. This study aimed to identify the frequency, quantity, occasions, reasons, type of AC, and correlation with accentuated personality traits among young adults in Romania. METHODS: Participants were 1359 young adults aged 18-30 years (average age, 22.67 years; standard deviation [SD], 3...
October 27, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648309/brain-responses-during-the-anticipation-of-dyspnea
#15
M Cornelia Stoeckel, Roland W Esser, Matthias Gamer, Christian Büchel, Andreas von Leupoldt
Dyspnea is common in many cardiorespiratory diseases. Already the anticipation of this aversive symptom elicits fear in many patients resulting in unfavorable health behaviors such as activity avoidance and sedentary lifestyle. This study investigated brain mechanisms underlying these anticipatory processes. We induced dyspnea using resistive-load breathing in healthy subjects during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Blocks of severe and mild dyspnea alternated, each preceded by anticipation periods. Severe dyspnea activated a network of sensorimotor, cerebellar, and limbic areas...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621718/a-qualitative-analysis-of-emotional-facilitators-in-exercise
#16
Benjamin Wienke, Darko Jekauc
Although previous research has shown that emotions are consistently associated with sport and exercise behavior, the working mechanisms are not understood to the extent of creating an intervention. The aim of this study is to identify situations and aspects of recreational sport and exercise, which lead to positive emotional reactions in people taking part in regular and long-term exercise. In this study, 24 adults (12 female, 12 male) distributed over three age groups (young, middle, and late adulthood), took part in recreational sports (individual or team sport) for at least 5 years...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611689/physical-activity-and-health-perception-in-aging-do-body-mass-and-satisfaction-matter-a-three-path-mediated-link
#17
Giancarlo Condello, Laura Capranica, Joel Stager, Roberta Forte, Simone Falbo, Angela Di Baldassarre, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Caterina Pesce
Although ageing people could benefit from healthy diet and physical activity to maintain health and quality of life, further understandings of the diet- and physical activity-related mechanisms that may cause changes in health and quality of life perception are necessary. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of eating attitudes, body mass and image satisfaction, and exercise dependence in the relationship between physical activity and health and quality of life perception in older individuals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567064/estimating-whether-replacing-time-in-active-outdoor-play-and-sedentary-video-games-with-active-video-games-influences-youth-s-mental-health
#18
Ian Janssen
PURPOSE: The primary objective was to use isotemporal substitution models to estimate whether replacing time spent in sedentary video games (SVGs) and active outdoor play (AOP) with active video games (AVGs) would be associated with changes in youth's mental health. METHODS: A representative sample of 20,122 Canadian youth in Grades 6-10 was studied. The exposure variables were average hours/day spent playing AVGs, SVGs, and AOP. The outcomes consisted of a negative and internalizing mental health indicator (emotional problems), a positive and internalizing mental health indicator (life satisfaction), and a positive and externalizing mental health indicator (prosocial behavior)...
November 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530004/spectral-parameters-of-hrv-in-yoga-practitioners-athletes-and-sedentary-males
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rosemary Peter, Sushma Sood, Ashwani Dhawan
Physical inactivity is an important risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Exercise is considered an acceptable method for improving and maintaining physical and emotional health. Although yoga is historically a spiritual discipline, a growing body of evidence supports the belief that yoga benefits physical and mental health. The objective of this study was to evaluate heart rate variability which reflects autonomic control of heart among yoga practitioners, athletes and individuals with sedentary lifestyle...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516410/association-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-psychological-well-being-among-japanese-children-a-two-year-longitudinal-study
#20
Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Minoru Adachi, Koichiro Oka
Data on the effect of increased or decreased physical activity on children's psychological status are scarce, and effect sizes are small. This study conducted two-year longitudinal research to identify associations between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and psychological well-being in Japanese school children through a mail survey completed by 292 children aged 6-12 years. Data on sociodemographics, physical activity, sedentary behavior on weekdays and the weekend, and psychometrics (self-efficacy, anxiety, and behavioral/emotional problems) were collected using a self-reported questionnaire...
October 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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