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Exercise and emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499513/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-all-cause-mortality-in-men-with-emotional-distress
#1
Xuemei Sui, John Ott, Katie Becofsky, Carl J Lavie, Linda Ernstsen, Jiajia Zhang, Steven N Blair
OBJECTIVE: Mental health and emotional disorders are often associated with higher mortality risk. Whether higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) reduces the risk for all-cause mortality in individuals with emotional distress is not well known. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were 5240 men (mean age 46.5±9.5 years) with emotional distress (including depression, anxiety, thoughts of suicide, or a history of psychiatric or psychological counseling) who completed an extensive medical examination between 1987 and 2002, and were followed for all-cause mortality through December 31, 2003...
May 9, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494802/reducing-depressive-symptomatology-with-a-smartphone-app-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Cezar Giosan, Oana Cobeanu, Cristina Mogoaşe, Aurora Szentagotai, Vlad Mureşan, Rareș Boian
BACKGROUND: Depression has become one of the leading contributors to the global disease burden. Evidence-based treatments for depression are available, but access to them is still limited in some instances. As technology has become more integrated into mental health care, computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) protocols have become available and have been recently transposed to mobile environments (e.g., smartphones) in the form of "apps." Preliminary research on some depression apps has shown promising results in reducing subthreshold or mild to moderate depressive symptoms...
May 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494647/which-dimensions-of-impulsivity-are-related-to-problematic-practice-of-physical-exercise
#3
Gayatri Kotbagi, Yannick Morvan, Lucia Romo, Laurence Kern
Background and aims Problematic practice of physical exercise (PPPE) has been suggested to be a behavioral addiction. Impulsivity represents a core dimension of behavioral addictions. However, little is known about impulsivity facets in PPPE. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of impulsivity facets in PPPE. Methods A total of 684 students (between 18 and 25 years) took part in this study and filled up a battery of questionnaire, which consisted of following measures - Global Physical Activity Questionnaire, Exercise Dependence Scale - Revised, and the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492868/efficacy-of-flecainide-in-the-treatment-of-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Prince J Kannankeril, Jeremy P Moore, Marina Cerrone, Silvia G Priori, Naomi J Kertesz, Pamela S Ro, Anjan S Batra, Elizabeth S Kaufman, David L Fairbrother, Elizabeth V Saarel, Susan P Etheridge, Ronald J Kanter, Michael P Carboni, Matthew V Dzurik, Darlene Fountain, Heidi Chen, E Wesley Ely, Dan M Roden, Bjorn C Knollmann
Importance: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a potentially lethal genetic arrhythmia syndrome characterized by polymorphic ventricular tachycardia with physical or emotional stress, for which current therapy with β-blockers is incompletely effective. Flecainide acetate directly suppresses sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium release-the cellular mechanism responsible for triggering ventricular arrhythmias in CPVT-but has never been assessed prospectively. Objective: To determine whether flecainide dosed to therapeutic levels and added to β-blocker therapy is superior to β-blocker therapy alone for the prevention of exercise-induced arrhythmias in CPVT...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488889/experiencing-place-younger-people-with-dementia-facing-aged-care
#5
Sally Rimkeit, Jacqueline McIntosh
OBJECTIVES: There are currently few facilities for people with younger onset dementia and they are placed by default into dementia care facilities designed for the elderly. There is limited understanding of how people with younger onset dementia and their care givers anticipate or experience aged residential care. This qualitative study has used semi-structured interviews to give voice to the opinions and perspectives of nine people with younger onset dementia and 11 care givers. METHOD: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used for idiographic analysis, allowing examination of the lived experience of younger people with dementia and an iterative exploration of what their experiences mean...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479898/aerobic-exercise-improves-quality-of-life-psychological-well-being-and-systemic-inflammation-in-subjects-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Osama H Al-Jiffri
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease has a destructive drawbacks on the patient and his/her entire family as this disease badly af fects the behavior, cognition and abilities to do activities of daily living (ADL). The physical and mental benefits of exercise are widely known but seldom available to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure quality of life, systemic inflammation and psychological well-being response to aerobic exercises in Alzheimer's...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473767/multiple-neuroimaging-measures-for-examining-exercise-induced-neuroplasticity-in-older-adults-a-quasi-experimental-study
#7
Lanxin Ji, Han Zhang, Guy G Potter, Yu-Feng Zang, David C Steffens, Hua Guo, Lihong Wang
Physical exercise can improve physical and mental health. A number of imaging studies have examined the role of neuroplasticity in improving cognition with physical exercise; however, such neuroplasticity changes are not consistent across the reports partly due to small sample sizes in some studies. We thought to explore the concept that identifying consistent findings across multi-modality imaging measures would provide relatively reliable results. We designed a 6-week quasi-experiment with Wii-fitness exercise program in 24 healthy adults older than 60, and then examined the changes on neuroimaging measures including brain volume, the amplitude of low-frequency oscillation function (ALFF), regional homogeneity (ReHo), seed-based functional connectivity (FC), and the global efficiency of nodal connectivity during resting state...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472535/learning-from-human-cadaveric-prosections-examining-anxiety-in-speech-therapy-students
#8
Juan Jose Criado-Álvarez, Jaime González González, Carmen Romo Barrientos, Isabel Ubeda-Bañon, Daniel Saiz-Sanchez, Alicia Flores-Cuadrado, Juan Carlos Albertos-Marco, Alino Martinez-Marcos, Alicia Mohedano-Moriano
Human anatomy education often utilizes the essential practices of cadaver dissection and examination of prosected specimens. However, these exposures to human cadavers and confronting death can be stressful and anxiety-inducing for students. This study aims to understand the attitudes, reactions, fears, and states of anxiety that speech therapy students experience in the dissection room. To that end, a before-and-after cross-sectional analysis was conducted with speech therapy students undertaking a dissection course for the first time...
May 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451835/significance-of-sequential-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-through-inter-hospital-cooperation-between-acute-care-and-rehabilitation-hospitals-in-elderly-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-in-japan
#9
Tomoyuki Morisawa, Katsuhiro Ueno, Yuko Fukuda, Naoto Kanazawa, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Rikito Zaiki, Hiroaki Fuzisaki, Haruka Yoshioka, Maki Sasaki, Kentaro Iwata, Tadaaki Koyama, Takeshi Kitai, Yutaka Furukawa, Tetsuya Takahashi
This study is to evaluate the impact of cooperation between acute care hospital and rehabilitation hospital on physical function, exercise tolerance, activities of daily living (ADL), health-related quality of life (HR-QOL), and psychological function in heart disease patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. Among patients undergoing concurrent medical treatment and cardiac rehabilitation starting early in acute care hospitalization, we selected 30 patients who required continued cardiac rehabilitation in rehabilitation hospitals as subjects...
April 27, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451529/efficacy-of-emotion-regulation-for-patients-suffering-from-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Hongling Wang, Zhenhua Wei, Xue Li, Yongjie Li
BACKGROUND: To study the influence values of self-management program intervention on efficacy of emotion regulation for patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Eighty-six diagnosed chronic COPD patients in stable phase in Linzi District People's Hospital, Zibo Shandong Province, PR China from June 2014 to June 2015 were selected in succession. They were divided into control group and observation group randomly with 43 cases in each group...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448249/relationships-among-exercise-beliefs-physical-exercise-and-subjective-wellbeing-evidence-from-korean-middle-aged-adults
#11
Sukkyung You, Kyulee Shin
Physically active leisure plays a key role in successful ageing. Exercise beliefs are one of the key predictors of exercise behavior. We used structural equation modeling to assess the plausibility of a conceptual model specifying hypothesized linkages among middle aged adults perceptions of (a) exercise beliefs, (b) physical exercise behavior, and (c) subjective well-being. Four hundred and two adults in South Korea responded to survey questions designed to capture the above constructs. We found that physically active leisure participation leads to subjective well-being for both middle aged males and females...
April 27, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445742/beyond-the-bereitschaftspotential-action-preparation-behind-cognitive-functions
#12
REVIEW
F Di Russo, M Berchicci, C Bozzacchi, R L Perri, S Pitzalis, D Spinelli
Research on preparatory brain processes taking place before acting shows unexpected connections with cognitive processing. From 50 years, we know that motor-related brain activity can be measured by electrocortical recordings 1-3s before voluntary actions. This readiness potential has been associated with increasing excitably of premotor and motor areas and directly linked to the kinematic of the upcoming action. Now we know that the mere motor preparation is only one function of a more complex preparatory activity...
April 23, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443370/interrelationships-between-health-behaviors-and-coping-strategies-among-informal-caregivers-of-cancer-survivors
#13
Kristin Litzelman, Erin E Kent, Julia H Rowland
BACKGROUND: Recent research among cancer survivors suggests that health behaviors and coping are intertwined, with important implications for positive behavior change and health. Informal caregivers may have poor health behaviors, and caregivers' health behaviors have been linked to those of survivors. AIMS: This hypothesis generating study assessed the correlations among health behaviors and coping strategies in a population of lung and colorectal cancer caregivers...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435513/pathways-from-religion-to-health-mediation-by-psychosocial-and-lifestyle-mechanisms
#14
Kelly R Morton, Jerry W Lee, Leslie R Martin
Religiosity, often measured as attendance at religious services, is linked to better physical health and longevity though the mechanisms linking the two are debated. Potential explanations include: a healthier lifestyle, increased social support from congregational members, and/or more positive emotions. Thus far, these mechanisms have not been tested simultaneously in a single model though they likely operate synergistically. We test this model predicting all-cause mortality in Seventh-day Adventists, a denomination that explicitly promotes a healthy lifestyle...
February 2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434726/short-communication-sensory-analysis-of-a-kefir-product-designed-for-active-cancer-survivors
#15
K O'Brien, C Boeneke, W Prinyawiwatkul, J Lisano, D Shackelford, K Reeves, M Christensen, R Hayward, K Carabante Ordonez, L K Stewart
Kefir is a fermented milk product that is a good source of protein and health-promoting bacteria. It has the potential to improve recovery from exercise, and the health and well-being of cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to explore cancer survivor attitudes about and acceptance of a kefir recovery beverage made from cultured milk, whole fruit, natural sweeteners, and other natural ingredients. Kefir was made by inoculating and fermenting milk with kefir grains. The kefir was then mixed with a fruit base and given to cancer survivors (n = 52) following a bout of exercise...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427459/subjective-perceived-impact-of-tai-chi-training-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-older-adults-at-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-qualitative-study
#17
Guohua Zheng, Zhenyu Xiong, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Dalu Qi, Kun Ling, Lidian Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence from quantitative studies suggest that Tai Chi produces a variety of health-related benefits, but few qualitative studies have investigated how older adults perceive the benefit of Tai Chi. The objective of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the perceived benefits of Tai Chi practice among community older population. METHODS: This study was conducted with participants from a trial examining the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi training on ischemic stroke risk in community older adults (n = 170)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421384/the-efficacy-of-guolin-qigong-on-the-body-mind-health-of-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Pei Liu, Jieshu You, Wing T Y Loo, Youzhi Sun, Yanhua He, Huiping Sit, Lei Jia, Meikuen Wong, Zhiyu Xia, Xiao Zheng, Zhiyu Wang, Neng Wang, Lixing Lao, Jianping Chen
PURPOSE: This study was to evaluate the efficacy of a complementary Chinese treatment modality Guolin-Qigong (GLQG) for patients with breast cancer on the body-mind health. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted among 158 women with breast cancer. Subjects were randomized to receive GLQG (test group) versus a physical stretching program (control group) following conventional treatment for breast cancer. GLQG and stretching interventions were performed twice a week over 24 weeks...
April 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420999/functional-high-intensity-circuit-training-improves-body-composition-peak-oxygen-uptake-strength-and-alters-certain-dimensions-of-quality-of-life-in-overweight-women
#19
Billy Sperlich, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Christoph Zinner, Valerie Von Stauffenberg, Helena Losert, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The effects of circuit-like functional high-intensity training (CircuitHIIT) alone or in combination with high-volume low-intensity exercise (Circuitcombined) on selected cardio-respiratory and metabolic parameters, body composition, functional strength and the quality of life of overweight women were compared. In this single-center, two-armed randomized, controlled study, overweight women performed 9-weeks (3 sessions·wk(-1)) of either CircuitHIIT (n = 11), or Circuitcombined (n = 8). Peak oxygen uptake and perception of physical pain were increased to a greater extent (p < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420509/effect-of-a-gymnastics-program-on-sleep-characteristics-in-pregnant-women
#20
Ildikó Kocsis, Tibor Szilágyi, János Turos, Aliz Bakó, Attila Frigy
OBJECTIVE: The quality and quantity of sleep represent important health issues in pregnant women. Sleep disturbances could be associated, beyond alteration of quality of life, with poor pregnancy outcome. Our aim was to investigate the effect of a regular, specific, medium-term physical training program on sleep characteristics in healthy pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 132 healthy pregnant women, with gestational age between 18 weeks and 22 weeks, were enrolled in a prospective study...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
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