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Exercise and emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427459/subjective-perceived-impact-of-tai-chi-training-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-older-adults-at-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-qualitative-study
#2
Guohua Zheng, Zhenyu Xiong, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Dalu Qi, Kun Ling, Lidian Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence from quantitative studies suggest that Tai Chi produces a variety of health-related benefits, but few qualitative studies have investigated how older adults perceive the benefit of Tai Chi. The objective of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the perceived benefits of Tai Chi practice among community older population. METHODS: This study was conducted with participants from a trial examining the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi training on ischemic stroke risk in community older adults (n = 170)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421384/the-efficacy-of-guolin-qigong-on-the-body-mind-health-of-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Pei Liu, Jieshu You, Wing T Y Loo, Youzhi Sun, Yanhua He, Huiping Sit, Lei Jia, Meikuen Wong, Zhiyu Xia, Xiao Zheng, Zhiyu Wang, Neng Wang, Lixing Lao, Jianping Chen
PURPOSE: This study was to evaluate the efficacy of a complementary Chinese treatment modality Guolin-Qigong (GLQG) for patients with breast cancer on the body-mind health. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted among 158 women with breast cancer. Subjects were randomized to receive GLQG (test group) versus a physical stretching program (control group) following conventional treatment for breast cancer. GLQG and stretching interventions were performed twice a week over 24 weeks...
April 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420999/functional-high-intensity-circuit-training-improves-body-composition-peak-oxygen-uptake-strength-and-alters-certain-dimensions-of-quality-of-life-in-overweight-women
#4
Billy Sperlich, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Christoph Zinner, Valerie Von Stauffenberg, Helena Losert, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The effects of circuit-like functional high-intensity training (CircuitHIIT) alone or in combination with high-volume low-intensity exercise (Circuitcombined) on selected cardio-respiratory and metabolic parameters, body composition, functional strength and the quality of life of overweight women were compared. In this single-center, two-armed randomized, controlled study, overweight women performed 9-weeks (3 sessions·wk(-1)) of either CircuitHIIT (n = 11), or Circuitcombined (n = 8). Peak oxygen uptake and perception of physical pain were increased to a greater extent (p < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420509/effect-of-a-gymnastics-program-on-sleep-characteristics-in-pregnant-women
#5
Ildikó Kocsis, Tibor Szilágyi, János Turos, Aliz Bakó, Attila Frigy
OBJECTIVE: The quality and quantity of sleep represent important health issues in pregnant women. Sleep disturbances could be associated, beyond alteration of quality of life, with poor pregnancy outcome. Our aim was to investigate the effect of a regular, specific, medium-term physical training program on sleep characteristics in healthy pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 132 healthy pregnant women, with gestational age between 18 weeks and 22 weeks, were enrolled in a prospective study...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417842/blood-injection-injury-b-i-i-specific-phobia-affects-the-outcome-of-hypoxic-challenge-testing
#6
Kristofer J Spurling, Veronica P McGoldrick
BACKGROUND: Blood-injection-injury (B-I-I) phobia is capable of producing inaccurate hypoxic challenge testing results due to anxiety-induced hyperventilation. CASE REPORT: A 69-yr-old woman with a history of hypersensitivity pneumonitis, restrictive spirometry, exercise desaturation requiring supplementary oxygen on mobilizing, reduced DLco, and B-I-I phobia was referred for hypoxic challenge testing (HCT) to assess in-flight oxygen requirements. HCT was performed by breathing a 15% FIo2 gas mixture, simulating the available oxygen in ambient air onboard aircraft pressurized to an equivalent altitude of 8000 ft...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415881/hip-and-pelvic-fracture-patients-with-fear-of-falling-development-and-description-of-the-step-by-step-treatment-protocol
#7
Karin Kampe, Michaela Kohler, Diana Albrecht, Clemens Becker, Martin Hautzinger, Ulrich Lindemann, Klaus Pfeiffer
OBJECTIVE: Based on a theoretical framework and sound evidence, this article describes a rehabilitation programme for patients with fear of falling after hip and pelvic fracture. RATIONALE: Based on exercise science principles, current knowledge from fall prevention, emotion regulation, and the Health Action Process Approach we developed a theoretical framework, from which the components of the intervention were derived. Description of the intervention: The intervention consists of 6 components: (1) relaxation, (2) meaningful activities and mobility-based goals, (3) falls related cognitions and emotions, coping with high risk tasks and situations, (4) individual exercise programme, (5) planning and implementing exercises and activities, and (6) fall risks and hazards...
May 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401663/does-personality-matter-in-diabetes-adherence-exploring-the-pathways-between-neuroticism-and-patient-adherence-in-couples-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Joshua R Novak, Jared R Anderson, Matthew D Johnson, Nathan R Hardy, Ann Walker, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L Lewis, David C Robbins
BACKGROUND: Personality has received some attention in the Type 2 diabetes literature; however, research has not linked personality and diabetes adherence behaviors (diet and exercise), identified pathways through which they are associated, nor taken into consideration important contextual factors that influence behavior (the patient's partner). METHODS: Dyadic data from 117 married, heterosexual couples in which one member is diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes was used to explore associations between each partner's neuroticism and patient dietary and exercise adherence through the pathways of negative affect, depression symptoms, and couple-level diabetes efficacy (both patient and spouse report of confidence in the patient's ability to adhere to diabetes management regimens)...
April 12, 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399150/determinants-of-aggressive-behavior-interactive-effects-of-emotional-regulation-and-inhibitory-control
#9
I-Ju Hsieh, Yung Y Chen
Aggressive behavior can be defined as any behavior intended to hurt another person, and it is associated with many individual and social factors. This study examined the relationship between emotional regulation and inhibitory control in predicting aggressive behavior. Seventy-eight participants (40 males) completed self-report measures (Negative Mood Regulation Scale and Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire), a stop signal task, and engaged in a modified version of Taylor Aggression Paradigm (TAP) exercise, in which the outcome was used as a measure of direct physical aggression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392917/now-you-see-it-now-you-don-t-compulsive-exercise-in-adolescents-with-an-eating-disorder
#10
Johanna Levallius, Christina Collin, Andreas Birgegård
BACKGROUND: Compulsive exercise (CE) has been proposed as significant in the etiology, development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs), resulting in more severe and enduring pathology. However, few studies have investigated CE longitudinally in adolescents with EDs. We aimed to test if adolescents show the same associations between CE and other clinical variables as previous research has found in adults. METHODS: Three thousand one hundred sixteen girls and 139 boys from a clinical ED database were investigated regarding prevalence and frequency of CE and its relation to psychiatric symptoms, associated features and outcome...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392296/anxious-behavior-induces-elevated-hippocampal-cb2-receptor-gene-expression
#11
James M Robertson, Justin K Achua, Justin P Smith, Melissa A Prince, Clarissa D Staton, Patrick J Ronan, Tangi R Summers, Cliff H Summers
Anxiety is differentially expressed across a continuum of stressful/fearful intensity, influenced endocannabinoid systems and receptors. The hippocampus plays important roles in the regulation of affective behavior, emotion, and anxiety, as well as memory. Location of Cb1/Cb2 receptor action could be important in determining emotional valence, because while the dorsal hippocampus is involved in spatial memory and cognition, the ventral hippocampus has projections to the PFC, BNST, amygdala, and HPA axis, and is important for emotional responses to stress...
April 7, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390054/virtual-patients-in-a-behavioral-medicine-massive-open-online-course-mooc-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-participants-perceptions
#12
Anne H Berman, Gabriele Biguet, Natalia Stathakarou, Beata Westin-Hägglöf, Kerstin Jeding, Cormac McGrath, Nabil Zary, Andrzej A Kononowicz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to explore learners' perceptions of using virtual patients in a behavioral medicine Massive Open Online Course (MOOCs) and thereby describe innovative ways of disseminating knowledge in health-related areas. METHODS: A 5-week MOOC on behavioral medicine was hosted on the edX platform. The authors developed two branched virtual patients consisting of video recordings of a live standardized patient, with multiple clinical decision points and narration unfolding depending on learners' choices...
April 7, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386242/evaluation-of-a-psychological-intervention-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-in-primary-care
#13
Francisco J Cano-García, María Del Carmen González-Ortega, Susana Sanduvete-Chaves, Salvador Chacón-Moscoso, Roberto Moreno-Borrego
According to evidence from recent decades, multicomponent programs of psychological intervention in people with chronic pain have reached the highest levels of efficacy. However, there are still many questions left to answer since efficacy has mainly been shown among upper-middle class patients in English-speaking countries and in controlled studies, with expert professionals guiding the intervention and with a limited number of domains of painful experience evaluated. For this study, a program of multicomponent psychological intervention was implemented: (a) based on techniques with empirical evidence, but developed in Spain; (b) at a public primary care center; (c) among patients with limited financial resources and lower education; (d) by a novice psychologist; and (e) evaluating all domains of painful experience using the instruments recommended by the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385093/cigarette-graphic-warning-labels-increase-both-risk-perceptions-and-smoking-myth-endorsement
#14
Abigail T Evans, Ellen Peters, Abigail B Shoben, Louise R Meilleur, Elizabeth G Klein, Mary Kate Tompkins, Martin Tusler
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette graphic warning labels elicit negative emotion, which increases risk perceptions through multiple processes. We examined whether this emotion simultaneously affects motivated cognitions like smoking myth endorsement (e.g. 'exercise can undo the negative effects of smoking') and perceptions of cigarette danger versus other products. DESIGN: 736 adult and 469 teen smokers/vulnerable smokers viewed one of three warning label types (text-only, low emotion graphic or high emotion graphic) four times over two weeks...
April 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382645/creating-an-upward-spiral-a-qualitative-study-of-caregivers-experience-of-participating-in-a-structured-physical-activity-programme
#15
C A Cuthbert, S N Culos-Reed, K King-Shier, J D Ruether, M B Bischoff, D M Tapp
Family caregivers' physical and emotional well-being may be negatively impacted while in the caregiver role. Interventions to support caregiver health have largely focused on psychological support, with only a few studies to date evaluating the role of exercise. Of the exercise studies conducted, there has been one qualitative study examining caregivers' perspectives on the value and impact of this type of intervention. This qualitative study was part of a larger mixed methods investigation including a randomised controlled trial investigating the effects of a 24-week exercise programme for cancer caregivers conducted in western Canada...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375209/stress-and-adolescent-hippocampal-neurogenesis-diet-and-exercise-as-cognitive-modulators
#16
REVIEW
C M Hueston, J F Cryan, Y M Nolan
Adolescence is a critical period for brain maturation. Deciphering how disturbances to the central nervous system at this time affect structure, function and behavioural outputs is important to better understand any long-lasting effects. Hippocampal neurogenesis occurs during development and continues throughout life. In adulthood, integration of these new cells into the hippocampus is important for emotional behaviour, cognitive function and neural plasticity. During the adolescent period, maturation of the hippocampus and heightened levels of hippocampal neurogenesis are observed, making alterations to neurogenesis at this time particularly consequential...
April 4, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374732/-the-comprehensive-approach-to-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-junior-athletes
#17
N P Stepanenko, T E Levitskaya, E A Tsekhmeistruk, N A Tren'kaeva, S V Tyulyupo, O V Dostovalova, S V Kremeno, S S Shakhova, V D Chekcheeva
AIM: The objective of the present study was the development of the comprehensive program for the medico-psychological follow-up of the male and female junior athletes (rhythmic gymnastics) with the purpose of stabilizing their hormonal and emotional status, as well as improving sport performances based on the use of modern hardware-software technologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination of 72 female athletes at the mean age of 11.5±0.6 years attending R...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374728/-characteristic-of-the-normal-values-of-the-pain-threshold-values-in-the-dorsal-region-of-the-young-women-obtained-by-the-pressure-algometry-method-under-different-condition
#18
P V Kondrashkin, D Z Shibkova, E I Tolstykh
The application of modern techniques for different types of massage and manual therapy is associated with the exposure of the paravetrebral points. The knowledge of pain threshold values at these points is of great practical significance. AIM: The objective of the present study was to obtain the statistical characteristics of the individual pressure pain threshold (PPT) for the healthy women and patients presenting with minor disturbances of spinal motion segments (SMS) at the trigger points on the back...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363594/thematic-analysis-how-do-patient-diaries-affect-survivors-psychological-recovery
#19
REVIEW
Angela Teece, John Baker
AIM: This review aims to use thematic analysis to explore and synthesise evidence of the actual or potential reported effects of diaries on the psychological rehabilitation and recovery of discharged critical care patients. BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that whilst admission to critical care may save patient lives, the psychological aftermath can damage a patient's recovery and these needs must be met. Patient diaries are one potential intervention to aid patients understand their critical illness and fill memory gaps caused by sedation, thus reducing psychological distress post-discharge...
March 28, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362146/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-stress-among-incoming-college-freshman
#20
Renee Garett, Sam Liu, Sean D Young
OBJECTIVE: 1) examine changes in stress during first semester among freshmen undergraduates; 2) identify predictors of stress (coping strategies, emotional states and quality of sleep). PARTICIPANTS: 197 freshmen students were recruited for a 10-week study during first quarter (Oct-Dec, 2015). METHODS: Students completed weekly self-report surveys on stress, coping strategies, emotions, and quality of sleep. A General Linear Mixed-Model was used for analyses...
March 31, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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