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Exercise and emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912935/egocentric-networks-and-physical-activity-outcomes-in-latinas
#1
Becky Marquez, Greg Norman, James Fowler, Kim Gans, Bess Marcus
OBJECTIVE: Despite data linking the social environment to physical inactivity in Latinas, research on social network predictors of physical activity (PA) is limited. This study examined social network predictors of PA change in Latinas. METHODS: Egocentric network data were collected from 102 adult Latinas (egos) participating in a randomized controlled PA intervention trial for underactive women. Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was measured in minutes per week using the 7-Day PA Recall Interview and accelerometers at baseline and 12 months...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910755/promoting-well-being-in-old-age-the-psychological-benefits-of-two-training-programs-of-adapted-physical-activity
#2
Antonella Delle Fave, Marta Bassi, Elena S Boccaletti, Carlotta Roncaglione, Giuseppina Bernardelli, Daniela Mari
In the last few decades, the relationship between physical conditions and mental health has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers and professionals across disciplines. This relationship is especially relevant in old age, as the challenges posed by aging at various levels represent crucial concerns for policy makers. Due to the remarkable increase in life expectancy across countries, sustainable prevention strategies are needed to help individuals preserve psychophysical well-being in old age. In particular, the regular practice of a moderately intense physical activity is recommended by the World Health Organization to enhance balance, prevent falls, strengthen muscles, and promote psychophysical well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908718/effects-of-cognitive-and-motor-rehabilitation-in-non-convulsive-status-epilepticus-a-case-report
#3
Francesco Corallo, Viviana Lo Buono, Marcella Di Cara, Simona De Salvo, Giuliana Vermiglio, Patrizia Pollicino, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino, Carmela Rifici
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent and unpredictable interruptions of normal brain function, that implies neurobiologic, psychological, and social consequences. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an electro-clinical state associated to altered level of consciousness. In NCSE could occur the behavioural and emotional disorder, cognitive impairment and psychiatric disorder with a negative impact on quality of life and adaptive social behaviours. Cognitive rehabilitation for epileptic patients may include internal compensation strategies, external memory aids, psychoeducation, verbal and visual memory training, attention exercise and executive functions...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907335/trial-protocol-the-use-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-improving-bracing-compliance-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902472/home-based-exercise-enhances-health-related-quality-of-life-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Tom E Nightingale, Peter C Rouse, Jean-Philippe Walhin, Dylan Thompson, James L J Bilzon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a home-based exercise intervention on indices of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial (HOMEX-SCI; ISRCTN57096451). After baseline laboratory testing and a week of free-living physical activity monitoring, eligible participants were randomly assigned (2:1 allocation ratio) to a home-based moderate-intensity upper-body exercise intervention (INT, n = 13), or a lifestyle maintenance control group (CON, n = 8), for 6 weeks...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899806/why-is-working-memory-performance-unstable-a-review-of-21-factors
#6
REVIEW
Rachael N Blasiman, Christopher A Was
In this paper, we systematically reviewed twenty-one factors that have been shown to either vary with or influence performance on working memory (WM) tasks. Specifically, we review previous work on the influence of intelligence, gender, age, personality, mental illnesses/medical conditions, dieting, craving, stress/anxiety, emotion/motivation, stereotype threat, temperature, mindfulness training, practice, bilingualism, musical training, altitude/hypoxia, sleep, exercise, diet, psychoactive substances, and brain stimulation on WM performance...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896050/-short-report-a-pilot-study-of-a-group-positive-psychology-intervention-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Kaitlynne Leclaire, Audrey Cecil, Allison LaRussa, Fiona Stuart, Christopher C Hemond, Brian C Healy, Tanuja Chitnis, Howard Weiner, Jeff Huffman, Bonnie I Glanz
Background: Positive psychology uses targeted activities to increase the frequency and intensity of positive emotional experiences. Positive psychology interventions that increase positive constructs may facilitate adjustment and improve well-being in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The primary goal of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a 5-week group positive psychology intervention for patients with MS. In addition, we examined the utility of the group intervention to increase positive psychological constructs and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887823/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-the-attention-training-technique-and-mindful-self-compassion-for-students-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety
#8
Ragni B Haukaas, Ingrid B Gjerde, Grunde Varting, Håvard E Hallan, Stian Solem
The Attention Training Technique (ATT) and Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) are two promising psychological interventions. ATT is a 12-min auditory exercise designed to strengthen attentional control and promote external focus of attention, while MSC uses guided meditation and exercises designed to promote self-compassion. In this randomized controlled trial (RCT), a three-session intervention trial was conducted in which university students were randomly assigned to either an ATT-group ( n = 40) or a MSC-group ( n = 41)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882074/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-interventions-for-preventing-or-treating-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Tim Carter, Anastasios Bastounis, Boliang Guo, C Jane Morrell
Postpartum depression can have detrimental effects on both a mother's physical and mental health and on her child's growth and emotional development. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of exercise/physical activity-based interventions in preventing and treating postpartum depressive symptoms in primiparous and multiparous women to the end of the postnatal period at 52 weeks postpartum. Electronic databases were searched for published and unpublished randomised controlled trials of exercise/physical activity-based interventions in preventing and treating depressive symptoms and increasing health-related quality of life in women from 4 to 52 weeks postpartum...
June 7, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879993/physical-activity-programming-and-counseling-preferences-among-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Jaime N Wong, Edward McAuley, Linda Trinh
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) participation and adherence among cancer survivors is low, despite research indicating numerous physical, psychological and emotional health benefits of exercise. Tailoring exercise programs specific to the PA preferences in cancer survivors has merit for increasing PA participation and adherence to accrue these benefits. This systematic review identifies and differentiates PA programming and counseling preferences of adult cancer survivors across various cancer survivor groups...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878825/telephone-delivered-lifestyle-support-with-action-planning-and-motivational-interviewing-techniques-to-improve-rehabilitation-outcomes
#11
Andrea Döbler, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Hartmut Pollmann, Erik Farin, Heiner Raspe, Oskar Mittag
OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effectiveness of a telephone-delivered intervention based on the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation to address behavior change, emotional status, and glycemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: In a German rehabilitation center, 249 patients with Type 2 diabetes were separated into randomized groups, either a 12-month telephone follow-up support group or the usual care group...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878659/joint-disease-in-haemophilia-pathophysiology-pain-and-imaging
#12
REVIEW
L F D van Vulpen, K Holstein, C Martinoli
Haemarthroses cause major morbidity in patients with haemophilia. Blood has devastating effects on all joint components, resulting in synovitis, osteochondral degeneration and ultimately end-stage haemophilic arthropathy. Key players in this process are iron and inflammation. Preventing joint bleeds is of utmost importance to maintain joint health as targeted therapies directed against blood-induced inflammation and iron-mediated processes are lacking. Joint bleeds result in acute pain as well as chronic pain due to synovitis or arthropathy...
May 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871637/diagnosis-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-living-with-a-chronic-condition-participatory-study
#13
José Adailton da Silva, Elizabethe Cristina Fagundes de Souza, Ana Gretel Echazú Böschemeier, Camyla Cristina Maia da Costa, Héllydade Souza Bezerra, Eva Emanuela Lopes Cavalcante Feitosa
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most serious chronic illnesses in the world due to its prevalence, economic and social effects, and negative impact on the quality of life of the affected people. The diagnosis implies changes in life habits especially related to feeding, physical activity, and constant self-care, requiring greater personal autonomy. METHODS: This study aims to understand how individuals living with diabetes deal with the recognition of the chronic condition in their health care practices...
June 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871607/support-provided-by-midwives-to-women-during-labour-in-a-public-hospital-limpopo-province-south-africa-a-participant-observation-study
#14
Maria S Maputle
BACKGROUND: Physical presence during labour offer women opportunity of having positive childbirth experiences as well as childbirth outcomes. The study aimed to determine what support provided by midwives during intrapartum care at a public hospital in Limpopo Province. The study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in Limpopo Province. METHODS: A participant observation approach was used to achieve the objectives of the study. The population comprised of all women who were admitted with labour and for delivery and midwives who were providing midwifery care in the obstetric unit of a tertiary public hospital in Limpopo Province...
June 5, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862247/the-relationship-of-5-aminolevulinic-acid-on-mood-and-coping-ability-in-prediabetic-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#15
Rachael K Aquino, Michael Perez, Payel Sil, Terry Shintani, Rosanne Harrigan, Beatriz Rodriguez
In 2010, approximately 79 million Americans had prediabetes and about 50 percent of those individuals were 65 years and older. The most effective diabetes prevention method in prediabetic adults is lifestyle modification. However, despite the benefits of lifestyle change, diabetes prevalence continues to increase. Maintaining a regular exercise routine and a healthy eating plan may be difficult because of the negative emotional barriers (i.e., stress, mood) that a prediabetic individual faces. This is particularly evident in older individuals when you combine that with decreases in mobility and geriatric syndromes...
June 2018: Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862019/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-dizziness-a-systematic-review
#16
Burak Kundakci, Anjum Sultana, Alan J Taylor, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
Background: Dizziness is a non-specific term used by patients to describe several symptoms ranging from true vertigo, light headedness, disorientation or sense of imbalance. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a specific form of exercise-based therapy programme aimed at alleviating the primary and secondary problems of a vestibular pathology. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of exercise-based vestibular rehabilitation in adult patients with chronic dizziness. Methods: The following five databases were searched: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, the Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, PubMed, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Scopus (Elsevier)...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859061/barriers-to-effective-diabetes-management-a-survey-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
Kathleen Mulligan, Hayley McBain, Frederique Lamontagne-Godwin, Jacqui Chapman, Chris Flood, Mark Haddad, Julia Jones, Alan Simpson
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental illnesses (SMI) such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and have poorer health outcomes than those with diabetes alone. To maintain good diabetes control, people with diabetes are advised to engage in several self-management behaviours. The aim of this study was to identify barriers or enablers of diabetes self-management experienced by people with SMI. METHODS: Adults with type 2 diabetes and SMI were recruited through UK National Health Service organisations and mental health and diabetes charities...
June 1, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808361/successful-management-of-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-with-multidisciplinary-neurobehavioral-rehabilitation-a-case-report-and-review
#18
Zhihui Deng, John Davis, Flor Muniz-Rodriguez, Fran Richardson
Lifestyle modification with healthy diet and physical exercise is considered the basic strategy of prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes, a commonly seen comorbidity in patients with acquired brain injury. Additionally, emotional stress with anxiety and depression is suggested to play a role in type 2 diabetes. Research studies have demonstrated the efficacy of multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention in patients with inadequate glycemic control. However, whether lifestyle approaches alone may be adequate for the management of poorly controlled type 2 diabetes is unknown...
May 28, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797578/respiratory-muscle-training-for-cystic-fibrosis
#19
REVIEW
Nathan Hilton, Arturo Solis-Moya
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is the most common autosomal recessive disease in white populations, and causes respiratory dysfunction in the majority of individuals. Numerous types of respiratory muscle training to improve respiratory function and health-related quality of life in people with cystic fibrosis have been reported in the literature. Hence a systematic review of the literature is needed to establish the effectiveness of respiratory muscle training (either inspiratory or expiratory muscle training) on clinical outcomes in cystic fibrosis...
May 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794304/exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-in-women-with-varying-levels-of-menstrual-pain
#20
Mervyn Travers, Penny Moss, William Gibson, Dana Hince, Sheree Yorke, Connie Chung, Rebecca Langford, Esther Ee Woon Tan, Jolene Ng, Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH) is a well-established phenomenon in pain-free individuals that describes a decrease in pain sensitivity after an acute bout of exercise. The EIH response has been demonstrated to be sub-optimal in the presence of persisting pain. Menstrual pain is a common recurrent painful problem with many women experiencing high levels of pain each cycle. However, the EIH response has not been examined in a cohort of women with high levels of menstrual pain...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
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