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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632239/feasibility-of-mind-body-movement-programs-for-cancer-survivors
#1
Kristine K Browning, Jennifer Kue, Felisha Lyons, Janine Overcash
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mind-body movement exercise (MBME) classes (yoga, tai chi, and Qigong) for cancer survivors. 
. DESIGN: A single-group, repeated-measures design.
. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital in Columbus.
. SAMPLE: 33 adult cancer survivors, with any cancer diagnosis, participating in MBME classes.
. METHODS: The researchers sought to examine feasibility of multiple data collection time points and data collection measures; acceptability; and changes to physical, emotional, and biometric measures over time, as a result of participation in MBME classes...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#2
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626106/-seedi-basic-strategies-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Chunsong Hu
ABCDE strategy, mainly based on drugs or medications and the lifestyle modification (named as "main medical strategy"), is popular in the guideline for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in China and foreign countries. Here, the author recommends a non-invasive and non-pharmacologic "Zhongzi" rule, which includes 4 healthy elements: Sleep, emotion, exercise, and diet (SEED), and also called SEED intervention (SEEDi) strategy. It is the basic strategy for primary and secondary prevention of non-infectious diseases, especially for ASCVD...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623442/counseling-interventions-delivered-in-women-with-breast-cancer-to-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
V D'Egidio, C Sestili, M Mancino, I Sciarra, R Cocchiara, I Backhaus, A Mannocci, Alessandro De Luca, Federico Frusone, Massimo Monti, G La Torre
BACKGROUND: Higher survival rates for breast cancer patients have led to concerns in dealing with short- and long-term side effects. The most common complications are impairment of shoulder functions, pain, lymphedema, and dysesthesia of the injured arm; psychological consequences concern: emotional distress, anxiety, and depression, thereby, deeply impacting/affecting daily living activity, and health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review for assessing the efficacy or effectiveness of interventions aiming at improving health-related quality of life, return to daily activity, and correct lifestyles among breast cancer patients...
June 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620700/gender-varying-associations-between-physical-activity-intensity-and-mental-quality-of-life-in-older-cancer-survivors
#5
David E Conroy, Kathleen Y Wolin, Cindy K Blair, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
PURPOSE: Physical activity can enhance quality of life in cancer survivors, but this conclusion is based largely on research linking moderate-to-vigorous physical activity with quality of life. Light-intensity physical activity may be more feasible than more strenuous exercise for many older cancer survivors. This study reports a secondary analysis of baseline data from a lifestyle behavior intervention trial and examines the hypothesis that older cancer survivors who engage in more light-intensity physical activity, independent of moderate-to-vigorous activity, will report better mental quality of life...
June 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620067/allele-specific-silencing-of-mutant-mrna-rescues-ultrastructural-and-arrhythmic-phenotype-in-mice-carriers-of-the-r4496c-mutation-in-the-ryanodine-receptor-gene-ryr2
#6
Rossana Bongianino, Marco Denegri, Andrea Mazzanti, Francesco Lodola, Alessandra Vollero, Simona Boncompagni, Silvia Fasciano, Giulia Rizzo, Damiano Mangione, Serena Barbaro, Alessia Di Fonso, Carlo Napolitano, Alberto Auricchio, Feliciano Protasi, Silvia G Priori
Rationale: Mutations in the cardiac Ryanodine Receptor gene (RYR2) cause dominant Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT), a leading cause of sudden death in apparently healthy individuals exposed to emotions or physical exercise. Objective: We investigated the efficacy of allele specific silencing by RNA interference to prevent CPVT phenotypical manifestations in our dominant CPVT mice model carriers of the heterozygous mutation R4496C in RYR2Methods and Results: We developed an in vitro mRNA and protein-based assays to screen multiple siRNAs for their ability to selectively silence mutant RYR2-R4496C mRNA over the corresponding wild-type (WT) allele...
June 15, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619687/use-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-csi-as-a-treatment-outcome-measure-for-chronic-spinal-pain-disorder-patients-in-a-functional-restoration-program
#7
Randy Neblett, Meredith M Hartzell, Mark Williams, Kelley R Bevers, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable patient-reported instrument designed to identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to Central Sensitization (CS). Part A of the CSI measures a full array of 25 somatic and emotional symptoms associated with CS, and Part B asks if patients have previously been diagnosed with one or more specific Central Sensitivity Syndromes (CSSs) and related disorders. The CSI has previously been validated in a group of chronic pain patients who were screened by a trained psychiatrist for specific CSS diagnoses...
June 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611090/a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-three-good-things-intervention-in-healthcare-workers
#8
Karin Rippstein-Leuenberger, Oliver Mauthner, J Bryan Sexton, Rene Schwendimann
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) personnel have an elevated prevalence of job-related burn-out and post-traumatic stress disorder, which can ultimately impact patient care. To strengthen healthcare workers' skills to deal with stressful events, it is important to focus not only on minimising suffering but also on increasing happiness, as this entails many more benefits than simply feeling good. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore the content of the 'good things' reported by healthcare workers participating in the 'Three Good Things' intervention...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605744/a-clinical-case-of-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-the-clinical-suspicious-and-the-need-of-genetics
#9
Annamaria Del Franco, Francesca Gualandi, Michele Malagù, Alessandra Ferlini, Dang Xiao, Roberto Ferrari, Matteo Bertini
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a very rare genetic cardiac channelopathy, which has not been sufficiently studied yet. The first clinical manifestation has been described during the first decade of life, linked to strenuous exercise or acute emotion. The absence of structural heart disease and a family history of possible arrhythmogenic disorder generally guide the diagnosis towards a potential channelopathy. The opportunity to perform an extensive genetic analysis allows physicians to make the correct diagnosis and to optimize clinical management...
June 13, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600115/examination-of-bariatric-surgery-facebook-support-groups-a-content-analysis
#10
Afton M Koball, Dylan J Jester, Sarah E Domoff, Kara J Kallies, Karen B Grothe, Shanu N Kothari
BACKGROUND: Support following bariatric surgery is vital to ensure long-term postoperative success. Many individuals undergoing bariatric surgery are turning to online modalities, especially the popular social media platform Facebook, to access support groups and pages. Despite evidence suggesting that the majority of patients considering bariatric surgery are utilizing online groups, little is known about the actual content of these groups. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to conduct a content analysis of bariatric surgery support groups and pages on Facebook...
April 26, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582682/rotator-cuff-related-pain-patients-understanding-and-experiences
#11
Melissa A Gillespie, Aleksandra Mącznik, Craig A Wassinger, Gisela Sole
BACKGROUND: Persistent musculoskeletal pain is a multi-factorial entity, influenced by biological, genetic and psychosocial factors. Psychosocial factors, such as individuals' beliefs and experiences, need to be considered in the management of such pain. While extensive research has explored beliefs of individuals with spinal pain, less is known about individuals' beliefs regarding shoulder pain. OBJECTIVES: To explore beliefs about the cause of pain in individuals with persistent rotator cuff-related pain, as well as the experiences of the effect of pain on their daily lives...
May 27, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558825/does-an-8-week-home-based-exercise-program-affect-physical-capacity-quality-of-life-sick-leave-and-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Nanna Rolving, Barbara C Brocki, Hanne R Mikkelsen, Pernille Ravn, Jannie Rhod Bloch-Nielsen, Lars Frost
BACKGROUND: The existing evidence base in pulmonary embolism (PE) is primarily focused on diagnostic methods, medical treatment, and prognosis. Only a few studies have investigated how everyday life is affected by PE, although many patients are negatively affected both physically and emotionally after hospital discharge. Currently, no documented rehabilitation options are available for these patients. We aim to examine whether an 8-week home-based exercise intervention can influence physical capacity, quality of life, sick leave, and use of psychotropic drugs in patients medically treated for PE...
May 30, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557290/repetitive-ventricular-tachycardia-in-a-syncopal-child-cause-or-incidental-finding
#13
Martial Massin, Caroline Jacquemart, Karim Khaldi
A 15-year-old girl suffered recurrent syncopal episodes during 7 years. Events were precipitated by exercise or emotional stress, leading to the diagnosis of reflex syncope. Exercise testing induced recurrent salvos of nonsustained right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia. This arrhythmia is often asymptomatic, reflex syncope is very frequent and both causes are related to the same triggering situations. It was therefore essential to obtain recordings during syncopal events and to observe the clinical evolution under effective treatment in order to make the right diagnosis...
May 30, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556463/a-single-bout-of-exercise-increases-hippocampal-bdnf-influence-of-chronic-exercise-and-noradrenalin
#14
Andrew C Venezia, Elizabeth Quinlan, Stephen M Roth
Research in human subjects suggests that acute exercise can improve memory performance, but the qualities of the exercise necessary to promote improved memory, and the signaling pathways that mediate these effects are unknown. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf), noradrenergic signaling, and post-translational modifications to AMPA receptors have all been implicated in the enhancement of memory following emotional or physical arousal; however, it is not known if a single bout of exercise is sufficient to engage these pathways...
May 26, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555454/-cognitive-training-combined-with-aerobic-exercises-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-pilot-study
#15
R M Jimenez-Morales, L F Herrera-Jimenez, Y Macias-Delgado, Y T Perez-Medinilla, S M Diaz-Diaz, C Forn
INTRODUCTION: The scientific evidences associated to the effectiveness of different techniques of cognitive rehabilitation are still contradictory. AIM: To compare a program of combined training (physical and cognitive) in front of a program of physical training and to observe their effectiveness about the optimization of the cognitive functions in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: It was carried out an experimental study in 32 patients with MS...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533890/effect-of-music-tempo-on-exercise-performance-and-heart-rate-among-young-adults
#16
Avinash E Thakare, Ranjeeta Mehrotra, Ayushi Singh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Music captures attention, triggers a range of emotions, alters or regulates mood, increases work output, heightens arousal, induces states of higher functioning, reduces inhibitions and encourages rhythmic movement. Music has ergo-genic effect as well, it increases exercise performance, delays fatigue and increases performance and endurance, power and strength. Our study tried to evaluate the effect of music on exercise performance in young untrained subjects...
2017: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533101/personal-attitudes-toward-weight-in-overweight-and-obese-us-hemodialysis-patients
#17
Zeb Saeed, Kevin M Janda, Bryan M Tucker, Lacey Dudley, Patricia Cutter, Allon N Friedman
OBJECTIVE: Overweight and obesity have become increasingly common among end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. Yet, little attention has been given to what hemodialysis patients themselves think of their weight, how they perceive it affects their health, and their attitudes about or desire for weight reduction. We explored these issues using a survey that we designed specifically for the dialysis population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty-six chronic hemodialysis patients from a US urban center with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2) and stable weight were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499513/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-all-cause-mortality-in-men-with-emotional-distress
#18
Xuemei Sui, John Ott, Katie Becofsky, Carl J Lavie, Linda Ernstsen, Jiajia Zhang, Steven N Blair
OBJECTIVE: Mental health and emotional disorders are often associated with higher mortality risk. Whether higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) reduces the risk for all-cause mortality in individuals with emotional distress is not well known. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were 5240 men (mean age 46.5±9.5 years) with emotional distress (including depression, anxiety, thoughts of suicide, or a history of psychiatric or psychological counseling) who completed an extensive medical examination between 1987 and 2002, and were followed for all-cause mortality through December 31, 2003...
May 9, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494802/reducing-depressive-symptomatology-with-a-smartphone-app-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Cezar Giosan, Oana Cobeanu, Cristina Mogoaşe, Aurora Szentagotai, Vlad Mureşan, Rareș Boian
BACKGROUND: Depression has become one of the leading contributors to the global disease burden. Evidence-based treatments for depression are available, but access to them is still limited in some instances. As technology has become more integrated into mental health care, computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) protocols have become available and have been recently transposed to mobile environments (e.g., smartphones) in the form of "apps." Preliminary research on some depression apps has shown promising results in reducing subthreshold or mild to moderate depressive symptoms...
May 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494647/which-dimensions-of-impulsivity-are-related-to-problematic-practice-of-physical-exercise
#20
Gayatri Kotbagi, Yannick Morvan, Lucia Romo, Laurence Kern
Background and aims Problematic practice of physical exercise (PPPE) has been suggested to be a behavioral addiction. Impulsivity represents a core dimension of behavioral addictions. However, little is known about impulsivity facets in PPPE. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of impulsivity facets in PPPE. Methods A total of 684 students (between 18 and 25 years) took part in this study and filled up a battery of questionnaire, which consisted of following measures - Global Physical Activity Questionnaire, Exercise Dependence Scale - Revised, and the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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