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Exercise and emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244734/-i-learned-to-let-go-of-my-pain-the-effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-an-analysis-of-participants-treatment-experience
#1
Danielle Ruskin, Lauren Harris, Jennifer Stinson, Sara Ahola Kohut, Katie Walker, Erinn McCarthy
Chronic pain can lead to significant negative outcomes across many areas of life. Recently, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been identified as potentially effective tools for improved pain management among adolescents living with pain. This study aimed to explore the experience of adolescents who participated in an eight-week mindfulness group adapted for adolescents with chronic pain (MBI-A), and obtain their feedback and suggestions on group structure and content. A mixed method design was used employing qualitative data from focus groups and data from a satisfaction questionnaire...
December 15, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230381/exploring-process-variables-through-which-acceptance-based-behavioral-interventions-may-improve-weight-loss-maintenance
#2
J Lillis, J G Thomas, H M Niemeier, R R Wing
Objective: A previously published randomized trial with individuals reporting high internal disinhibition showed significant differences in post-treatment weight change favoring Acceptance-Based Behavioral Intervention (ABBI) when compared to standard behavioral treatment (SBT). This paper examines process variables that might contribute to the observed differences in weight change. Methods: Participants were 162 adults with overweight or obesity (mean BMI 37.6) randomly assigned to ABBI or SBT...
October 2017: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225776/the-sedentary-r-evolution-have-we-lost-our-metabolic-flexibility
#3
Jens Freese, Rainer Johannes Klement, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Helmut Lötzerich
During the course of evolution, up until the agricultural revolution, environmental fluctuations forced the human species to develop a flexible metabolism in order to adapt its energy needs to various climate, seasonal and vegetation conditions. Metabolic flexibility safeguarded human survival independent of food availability. In modern times, humans switched their primal lifestyle towards a constant availability of energy-dense, yet often nutrient-deficient, foods, persistent psycho-emotional stressors and a lack of exercise...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224485/assessment-of-dietary-factors-dietary-practices-and-exercise-on-mental-distress-in-young-adults-versus-matured-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Lina Begdache, Maher Chaar, Nasim Sabounchi, Hamed Kianmehr
The importance of the diet in modulating mental health is uncovering as many dietary factors have been described to alter brain chemistry. Brain maturation may not complete until the age of 30 which may explain the differential emotional control, mindset, and resilience between young adults and matured adults. As a result, dietary factors may influence mental health differently in these two populations. OBJECTIVES: To study dietary intake, dietary practices and exercise in young adults (YA) (18-29 years) versus matured adults (MA) (30 years and older) in relation to mental distress...
December 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212347/oxidative-stress-a-unifying-mechanism-for-cell-damage-induced-by-noise-water-pipe-smoking-and-emotional-stress-therapeutic-strategies-targeting-redox-imbalance
#5
Saeid Golbidi, Huige Li, Ismail Laher
SIGNIFICANCE: Modern technologies have eased our lives but these conveniences can impact our lifestyles in destructive ways. Noise pollution, mental stresses, and smoking (as a stress-relieving solution) are some environmental hazards which affect our well-being and health care budgets. Scrutinizing their pathophysiology could lead to solutions to reduce their harmful effects. Recent advances: Oxidative stress plays an important role in initiating local and systemic inflammation following noise pollution, mental stress, and smoking...
December 6, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199072/maternal-brain-tnf-%C3%AE-programs-innate-fear-in-the-offspring
#6
Bojana Zupan, Bingfang Liu, Faten Taki, Judit Gal Toth, Miklos Toth
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a cytokine that not only coordinates local and systemic immune responses [1, 2] but also regulates neuronal functions. Most prominently, glia-derived TNF-α has been shown to regulate homeostatic synaptic scaling [3-6], but TNF-α-null mice exhibited no apparent cognitive or emotional abnormalities. Instead, we found a TNF-α-dependent intergenerational effect, as mothers with a deficit in TNF-α programmed their offspring to exhibit low innate fear. Cross-fostering and conditional knockout experiments indicated that a TNF-α deficit in the maternal brain, rather than in the hematopoietic system, and during gestation was responsible for the low-fear offspring phenotype...
November 21, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198251/the-empathic-process-and-misconceptions-that-lead-to-burnout-in-healthcare-professionals
#7
Marta Villacieros, Ricardo Olmos, José Carlos Bermejo
Empathy has been identified as a relevant variable in order to predict burnout in healthcare professionals. In addition, assertiveness and self-esteem have been considered relevant variables to develop empathic capacity. In the other hand, misconceptions surrounding empathy constitute a risk factor for burnout. Two adult samples (N = 252 and N = 275) were used to explore and confirm the underlying structure of two questionnaires. The Exercise of Process of Empathy (EPE) scale (18 items) confirmatory factor analysis including 5 dimensions (cognitive and emotional comprehension, attention, clarity and assertiveness), showed reasonable goodness- of-fit indices χ2(130) = 269...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198093/-strenuous-and-prolonged-exercise-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-treatment-or-threat
#8
REVIEW
Danit Atias-Varon, Yuval Heled
Prolonged and strenuous exercise may lead to changes in the immune system function and to temporary suppression in defense against pathogens. These changes likely increase the risk of those engaging in prolonged and strenuous physical activity to develop upper respiratory tract infection and to reduce the level of performance. On the other hand, it appears that moderate physical activity reduces the risk of upper respiratory tract infection. Various populations, such as professional athletes and soldiers in combat units, who engage in daily strenuous exercise, may therefore be a high risk group...
November 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197373/health-related-quality-of-life-in-long-term-survivors-of-unresectable-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#9
Juntao Ran, Jingbo Wang, Nan Bi, Wei Jiang, Zongmei Zhou, Zhouguang Hui, Jun Liang, Qinfu Feng, Luhua Wang
BACKGROUND: Heath-related quality of life (HRQoL) among survivors with unresectable locally-advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy still is not clear. The current study were performed to determine HRQoL for long-term survivors with unresectable LA-NSCLC and to identify risk factors for poor HRQoL. METHODS: Among patients with LA-NSCLC receiving radiotherapy and chemotherapy between January 2006 and December 2010, 82 long-term survivors beyond 5 years were identified in this cross-sectional study...
December 2, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197204/effect-of-hbm-rehabilitation-exercises-on-depression-anxiety-and-health-belief-in-elderly-patients-with-osteoporotic-fracture
#10
Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Guided by the health belief model (HBM), this study provided elderly patients with osteoporotic fracture with health education concerning osteoporosis (OP) prevention, carried out rehabilitation exercises based on HBM, and evaluated the intervention effect of HBM rehabilitation exercises, to offer a scientific basis for improving the prognosis of elderly patients with OP fracture. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 162 elderly patients with OP fracture treated in three third-grade general hospitals of Jiangsu Province from January 2016 to September 2016 participated in this study...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194864/comparison-of-outpatient-and-home-based-exercise-training-programmes-for-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Francesca Wuytack, Declan Devane, Elizabeth Stovold, Melissa McDonnell, Michelle Casey, Timothy J McDonnell, Paddy Gillespie, Adam Raymakers, Yves Lacasse, Bernard McCarthy
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a common, preventable and treatable disease. Exercise training programmes (ETPs) improve symptoms, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and exercise capacity, but the optimal setting is unknown. In this review, we compared the effects of ETPs in different settings on HRQoL and exercise capacity. We searched (5 July 2016) the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register, ClinicalTrials.gov and World Health Organization trials portal. We selected studies, extracted data and assessed risk of bias with two independent reviewers...
November 30, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185675/muscle-stretching-exercises-and-resistance-training-in-fibromyalgia-which-is-better-a-three-arm-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ana Assumpção, Luciana A Matsutani, Susan L Yuan, Adriana S Santo, Juliana Sauer, Pamela Mango, Amelia P Marques
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy is an effective component of fibromyalgia (FM) treatment. However, it is important to know the effects and specificities of the different types of exercise: muscle stretching and resistance training. AIM: To verify and compare the effectiveness of muscle stretching exercise and resistance training for symptoms and quality of life in FM patients. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Physical therapy service, FM outpatient clinic...
November 29, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185105/barriers-and-facilitators-of-exercise-experienced-by-cancer-survivors-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Briana K Clifford, David Mizrahi, Carolina X Sandler, Benjamin K Barry, David Simar, Claire E Wakefield, David Goldstein
PURPOSE: Exercise has been shown to improve the health and well-being of people who have survived cancer. Yet, less than 40% of cancer survivors in Australia meet the recommended 150 min of moderate-intensity physical activity per week. Our objective was to systematically review the literature regarding barriers, facilitators and preferences for exercise for survivors of cancer. METHOD: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Scopus were searched for qualitative and quantitative articles addressing barriers, facilitators and preferences for exercise in cancer survivors...
November 28, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183752/a-1-year-comparison-of-a-community-based-exercise-program-versus-a-day-hospital-based-exercise-program-on-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-in-severely-burned-children
#14
Raquel Peña, Oscar E Suman, Marta Rosenberg, Clark R Andersen, David N Herndon, Walter J Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of long term psychosocial functioning and mental health of a "Day-Hospital" Based Exercise Program (DAYEX) versus a Community Based Exercise Program (COMBEX). DESIGN: This was a prospective design that consisted of two groups (DAYEX and COMBEX). SETTING: A children's hospital specialized in burn care (Shriner's Hospitals for Children, Inc., Galveston, Texas) PARTICIPANTS: A total of 18 patients, (n=9 DAYEX and n=9 COMBEX) were assessed at Intensive Care Unit (ICU) discharge and up to 1 year post burn...
November 25, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182192/-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-and-nutritional-education-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Pedro Mangiamarchi, Alexis Caniuqueo, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Patricio Cárdenas, Sylvana Morales, Johnattan Cano-Montoya, Guilherme Bresciani, Cristian Álvarez
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves cardiometabolic markers, but its effects on the quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not well known. AIM: To determine the effects of a 12-week HIIT exercise program on cardiometabolic and quality of life variables of T2D patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine T2D women were assigned to a HIIT + nutritional education (GE) and 10, to a nutritional education alone group (GC)...
July 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175721/de-masking-oxytocin-deficiency-in-craniopharyngioma-and-assessing-its-link-with-affective-function
#16
Dorothea Gebert, Matthias K Auer, Mareike R Stieg, Martin T Freitag, Madlén Lahne, Johannes Fuss, Katharina Schilbach, Jochen Schopohl, Günter K Stalla, Anna Kopczak
Despite the high prevalence of panhypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus in patients with craniopharyngioma (CP), little is known about the functioning of the neuropeptide oxytocin in these patients. This is of special interest as tumor-associated lesions often impair sites critical for oxytocin production and release, and affective dysfunction in CP links with elsewhere reported prosocial, antidepressant and anxiolytic oxytocin effects. Using a prospective study-design, we tested whether oxytocin is reduced in CP-patients, and whether altered oxytocin levels account for affective and emotional dysfunction...
November 14, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172625/evaluative-coping-emotional-distress-and-adherence-in-couples-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Lisa J Trump, Joshua R Novak, Jared R Anderson, Tai J Mendenhall, Matthew D Johnson, Ann C Scheufler, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L Lewis, David C Robbins
INTRODUCTION: Spousal support is one of the strongest and most consistent predictors of Type 2 diabetes treatment adherence. However, the effects of both spouses' evaluations of dyadic coping on emotional distress and patients' physical health remain largely unknown. METHOD: Dyadic data from 117 married couples in which one member is diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes were evaluated in two separate models to explore the associations between (a) patients' and spouses' depression symptoms and patients' adherence to dietary and exercise regimens, and (b) patients' and spouses' acute stress levels and patients' adherence to dietary and exercise regimens...
November 27, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171649/-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-tension-type-headache-a-case-report
#18
İsmail Barış Salman, Hanife Özlem Sertel Berk
Tension-type headache has a very high socioeconomic impact, and its lifetime prevalence is reported to be between 30% and 78% in different studies. It is widely acknowledged that noninvasive management with a multidisciplinary approach should be considered for the treatment of tension-type headache. Cognitive behavioral therapy and relaxation exercises are efficient techniques. This article illustrates the application of a cognitive behavioral therapy protocol enhanced with progressive muscle stretching and relaxation exercises in the treatment of chronic tension-type headache via a case report...
October 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163870/transdiagnostic-culturally-adapted-cbt-with-farsi-speaking-refugees-a-pilot-study
#19
Schahryar Kananian, Sarah Ayoughi, Arieja Farugie, Devon Hinton, Ulrich Stangier
Background: Approximately half of all asylum seekers suffer from trauma-related disorders requiring treatment, among them Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and somatic symptoms. There is a lack of easily accessible, low-threshold treatments taking the cultural background into account. Culturally Adapted CBT (CA CBT) is a well evaluated, transdiagnostic group intervention for refugees, using psychoeducation, meditation, and Yoga-like exercises. Objective: An uncontrolled pilot study with male Farsi-speaking refugees from Afghanistan and Iran was conducted to investigate feasibility with this ethnic group; a group for which no previous CBT trials have been reported...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162757/low-fidelity-simulation-to-enhance-understanding-of-infection-control-among-undergraduate-medical-students
#20
Suman P Singh, Chirag M Modi, Chirag P Patel, Ajay G Pathak
BACKGROUND: Developing economies are stressing institutional care for better health outcomes but its advantages are dampened by healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). Besides other undesired complications, the economic cost of HAIs is enormous. Developing countries have higher HAI rates compared with Europe or the USA. The knowledge and practice of infection control is poor among medical students. Based on introspection of 'Infection Control Module' for undergraduates introduced in 2012, we tested emotional sensitization using low-fidelity techniques to enhance its effectiveness...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
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