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Exercise and emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917815/sleep-quality-differs-between-athletes-and-non-athletes
#1
Havva Demirel
PURPOSE: Sufficient sleep or sleep of sufficient quality is essential for the health of children, adolescents and adults, as sleep influences almost all dimensions of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible positive effects of sportsmanship on sleep quality and to assess the possible differences in sleep quality between athletes and non-athletes. METHODS: Sedentary or non-athletes subjects (n=103) and athletes (n=93) participated in this study...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#2
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#3
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909533/patient-specific-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes-for-drug-development-and-screening-in-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia
#4
REVIEW
Ben Jehuda Ronen, Barad Lili
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), an inherited arrhythmia often leading to sudden cardiac death in children and young adults, is characterized by polymorphic/bidirectional ventricular tachycardia induced by adrenergic stimulation associated with emotionally stress or physical exercise. There are two forms of CPVT: 1. CPVT1 is caused by mutations in the RYR2 gene, encoding for ryanodine receptor type 2. CPVT1 is the most common form of CPVT in the population, and is inherited by a dominant mechanism...
August 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909152/involvement-of-mesolimbic-dopaminergic-network-in-neuropathic-pain-relief-by-treadmill-exercise-a-study-for-specific-neural-control-with-gi-dreadd-in-mice
#5
Kenta Wakaizumi, Takashige Kondo, Yusuke Hamada, Michiko Narita, Rui Kawabe, Hiroki Narita, Moe Watanabe, Shigeki Kato, Emiko Senba, Kazuto Kobayashi, Naoko Kuzumaki, Akihiro Yamanaka, Hiroshi Morisaki, Minoru Narita
BACKGROUND: Exercise alleviates pain and it is a central component of treatment strategy for chronic pain in clinical setting. However, little is known about mechanism of this exercise-induced hypoalgesia. The mesolimbic dopaminergic network plays a role in positive emotions to rewards including motivation and pleasure. Pain negatively modulates these emotions, but appropriate exercise is considered to activate the dopaminergic network. We investigated possible involvement of this network as a mechanism of exercise-induced hypoalgesia...
2016: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899340/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-adolescent-problems-coping-efficacy-and-mood-states-using-a-mobile-phone-app-an-exploratory-study
#6
Rachel Kenny, Barbara Dooley, Amanda Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Mobile technologies have the potential to be used as innovative tools for conducting research on the mental health and well-being of young people. In particular, they have utility for carrying out ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research by capturing data from participants in real time as they go about their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the utility of a mobile phone app as a means of collecting EMA data pertaining to mood, problems, and coping efficacy in a school-based sample of Irish young people...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891520/short-term-lifestyle-strategies-for-sustaining-cognitive-status
#7
Elizabeth P Howard, John N Morris, Knight Steel, Kelley A Strout, Brant E Fries, Alice Moore, Vjenka Garms-Homolová
Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882012/individualized-supervised-resistance-training-during-nebulization-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#8
Ina Shaw, Janine E Kinsey, Roxanne Richards, Brandon S Shaw
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Since dyspnea limits exercise adherence and intensity in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, engaging in resistance training (RT), which causes less dyspnea than other exercise modalities, while using nebulizers could not only overcome this barrier, but also enhance long-term adaptations to treatment. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of RT during nebulization on spirometry, anthropometry, chest wall excursion, respiratory muscle strength and health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868327/communication-and-patient-participation-influencing-patient-recall-of-treatment-discussions
#9
Claude Richard, Emma Glaser, Marie-Thérèse Lussier
CONTEXT: Patient recall of treatment information is a key variable towards chronic disease (CD) management. It is unclear what communication and patient participation characteristics predict recall. OBJECTIVES: To assess what aspects of doctor-patient communication predict patient recall of medication information. To describe lifestyle treatment recall, in CD primary care patients. DESIGN: Observational study within a RCT. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Community-based primary care (PC) practices...
November 21, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861184/catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-a-model-for-genotype-specific-therapy
#10
Thomas M Roston, Filip Van Petegem, Shubhayan Sanatani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a life-threatening syndrome defined by exercise-induced or emotion-induced ventricular arrhythmias, typically caused by gain-of-function mutations in RYR2-encoded ryanodine receptor-2 (RyR2). This review will discuss recent advances and ongoing challenges in devising genotype-specific CPVT therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: CPVT patients were once universally thought to be at high risk of sudden death; however, as more cases emerge, CPVT is being re-defined as a complex syndrome of variable expressivity...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836827/health-profiles-of-overweight-and-obese-youth-attending-general-practice
#11
Winifred D Paulis, Millicent Palmer, Patty Chondros, Sylvia Kauer, Marienke van Middelkoop, Lena A Sanci
BACKGROUND: Literature suggests that overweight and obese young people use healthcare services more often, but this awaits confirmation in primary care. OBJECTIVE: To identify health profiles of underweight, overweight and obese young people attending general practice and compare them to normal-weight youth and also to explore the weight-related health risks of eating and exercise behaviour in the four different weight categories. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with baseline data from a trial including 683 young people (14-24 years of age) presenting to general practice...
November 11, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830924/effects-of-yogic-exercises-on-functional-capacity-lung-function-and-quality-of-life-in-participants-with-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Marian E Papp, Petra Lindfors, Per E Wandell, Malin Nygren-Bonnier
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of hatha yogic exercises, the most used yoga style, for increasing functional capacity in patients with obstructive pulmonary diseases remains limited. AIM: The aim was to evaluate the effects and feasibility of hatha yoga (HY) compared to a conventional training program (CTP) on functional capacity, lung function and quality of life in patients with obstructive pulmonary diseases. DESIGN: RCT (randomized clinical trial)...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826330/management-of-patients-with-long-qt-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Yongkeun Cho
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a rare cardiac channelopathy associated with syncope and sudden death due to torsades de pointes and ventricular fibrillation. Syncope and sudden death are frequently associated with physical and emotional stress. Management of patients with LQTS consists of life-style modification, β-blockers, left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD), and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. Prohibition of competitive exercise and avoidance of QT-prolonging drugs are important issues in life-style modification...
November 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824747/social-contributors-to-glycemic-control-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Laura C Colicchia, Kristiina Parviainen, Judy C Chang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of social factors with glycemic control in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A survey instrument assessing social support, access to healthy food, cooking and meal preparation, chaotic lifestyle, employer support, and physical and emotional responses to food was developed and administered to women with GDM at maternal-fetal medicine office visits. Validated scales were used to measure social support and life chaos (defined as organization, instability, and the ability to plan and prepare for the future)...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804255/a-randomized-trial-of-an-acceptance-based-behavioral-intervention-for-weight-loss-in-people-with-high-internal-disinhibition
#15
Jason Lillis, Heather M Niemeier, J Graham Thomas, Jessica Unick, Kathryn M Ross, Tricia M Leahey, Kathleen E Kendra, Leah Dorfman, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an acceptance-based behavioral intervention (ABBI) produces better weight losses than standard behavioral treatment (SBT) among individuals reporting high internal disinhibition. METHODS: Participants were 162 adults with overweight or obesity (mean BMI 37.6 kg/m(2) ) randomly assigned to ABBI or SBT. Both interventions provided the same calorie intake target, exercise goal, and self-monitoring skills training. SBT incorporated current best practice interventions for addressing problematic thoughts and emotions...
December 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802775/coping-strategies-in-spanish-older-adults-a-mimic-model-of-socio-demographic-characteristics-and-activity-level
#16
Laura Rubio, Cristina G Dumitrache, Alfonso J García, Eulogio Cordón-Pozo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the combined effect of socio-demographic characteristics and activity level on coping strategies and to test which of these variables has a greater impact on coping. METHOD: A sample of 243 men and women aged 55-99 years old was selected from different elderly activity centers in Granada, Spain, using a convenience sampling. Associations between eight coping strategies measured by Coping Strategies Inventory and the above mentioned variables were examined using a Multiple Indicator and Multiple Causes model...
November 2, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796252/the-effects-of-optimism-and-gratitude-on-adherence-functioning-and-mental-health-following-an-acute-coronary-syndrome
#17
Rachel A Millstein, Christopher M Celano, Eleanor E Beale, Scott R Beach, Laura Suarez, Arianna M Belcher, James L Januzzi, Jeff C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of optimism and gratitude on self-reported health behavior adherence, physical functioning and emotional well-being after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Among 156 patients, we examined associations between optimism and gratitude measured 2 weeks post-ACS and 6-month outcomes: adherence to medical recommendations, mental and physical health-related quality of life (HRQoL), physical functioning, depressive symptoms and anxiety...
November 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793249/self-healing-and-self-care-for-nurses
#18
Patricia J Crane, Suzanne F Ward
The potential effects of self-care techniques to increase nurses' effectiveness and influence positive patient care outcomes have often been underestimated. Today, nurses experience increased stress as a result of more work hours and greater patient loads. Research studies demonstrate the value to an organization and to individuals of educating nurses about self-care. Studies also show that how being aware of individual reaction patterns is vital to learning more effective coping mechanisms. In this article, we discuss the aspects of body, mind, emotions, and spirit as they relate to self-care; present self-care change techniques; and offer some practical self-care exercises...
November 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793077/individualized-vs-group-exercise-in-improving-quality-of-life-and-physical-activity-in-patients-with-cardiac-disease-and-low-exercise-capacity-results-from-the-doppelherz-trial
#19
Jeffrey Wilcox Christle, Anna Schlumberger, Bernhard Haller, Rainer Gloeckl, Martin Halle, Axel Pressler
PURPOSE: Important goals of cardiac rehabilitation maintenance programs (CMP) are to increase leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Elderly patients with cardiac disease and low exercise capacity are simultaneously the most severely affected and have the most to gain from exercise-based rehabilitation. Individualized combined exercise (ICE) may be an effective modality to achieve these goals. We compared six months of ICE to CMP in their effects on LTPA and HRQoL...
October 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778303/will-the-conscious-subconscious-pacing-quagmire-help-elucidate-the-mechanisms-of-self-paced-exercise-new-opportunities-in-dual-process-theory-and-process-tracing-methods
#20
Dominic Micklewright, Sue Kegerreis, John Raglin, Florentina Hettinga
The extent to which athletic pacing decisions are made consciously or subconsciously is a prevailing issue. In this article we discuss why the one-dimensional conscious-subconscious debate that has reigned in the pacing literature has suppressed our understanding of the multidimensional processes that occur in pacing decisions. How do we make our decisions in real-life competitive situations? What information do we use and how do we respond to opponents? These are questions that need to be explored and better understood, using smartly designed experiments...
October 25, 2016: Sports Medicine
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