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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434162/bradycardia-is-a-specific-phenotype-of-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-induced-by-ryr2-mutations
#1
Kazuaki Miyata, Seiko Ohno, Hideki Itoh, Minoru Horie
Background Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a lethal inherited disease characterized by ventricular arrhythmias induced by physical exercise or emotional stress. The major cause of CPVT is mutations in RYR2, which encodes the cardiac ryanodine receptor channel. Recent advances in sequencing technology have yielded incidental findings of RYR2 variants in other cardiac diseases. Analyzing the characteristics of RYR2 variants related to CPVT will be useful for differentiation from those related to other cardiac diseases...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433517/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-first-time-ami-a-descriptive-study
#2
Mandreker Bahall, Katija Khan
BACKGROUND: Outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may result in death, increased morbidity, and change in quality of life (QOL). This study explores health-related QOL of first-time patients following AMI. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a sample of patients with first-time AMI experienced between April 2011 and March 2015 at a tertiary health institution. Recruited patients belonged to different post-AMI periods: 2-10 weeks, 5-22 months, and > 22 months to 4 years post AMI...
February 13, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433085/patterns-of-body-image-concerns-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-latent-profile-analysis
#3
Svenja Hoffmann, Petra Warschburger
The present study aimed at identifying latent profiles of body image concerns in adolescents and young adults. Subsequently, associations between these profiles and potentially harmful behaviors are examined. Self-report data of 758 male and female adolescents, aged 14 to 22 years, were analyzed. Participants provided demographic and anthropometric data and completed surveys on weight/shape and muscularity concern as well as on disturbed eating behaviors and dysfunctional exercise. Latent profile analyses of weight/shape concern and muscularity concern were performed separately for each gender...
February 8, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431185/how-high-schools-become-empowering-communities-a-mixed-method-explanatory-inquiry-into-youth-adult-partnership-and-school-engagement
#4
Shepherd Zeldin, Josset Sky Gauley, Alexandra Barringer, Brie Chapa
Educational reform efforts emphasize empowerment and engagement, but these concepts are rarely translated into policy or classroom practice. This inquiry explores how schools can become places where students take ownership over their own learning. Phase 1 of this inquiry, a survey of students from diverse high schools, examines pathways to school engagement. Results indicated that youth voice in decision-making, particularly when the experience is situated within supportive adult relationships and a sense of safety, significantly predicts emotional and cognitive engagement...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428927/dancing-for-healthy-aging-functional-and-metabolic-perspectives
#5
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427892/how-health-behaviors-link-romantic-relationship-dysfunction-and-physical-health-across-20-years-for-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#6
Patricia N E Roberson, Rebecca L Shorter, Sarah Woods, Jacob Priest
RATIONALE: There has been substantial research linking marital quality to physical health outcomes; however, the mechanisms linking marital quality and physical health have been studied less extensively, especially with longitudinal data. Of the hypothesized mechanisms, only psychological distress (anxiety/depression) and physiological mechanisms (inflammation) have been tested and confirmed. Health behaviors such as diet, exercise, smoking, drinking, and sleeping have not previously been examined as mechanisms linking marital quality and physical health...
February 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423279/physiotherapy-for-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Michel Probst, James Mugisha
Background: There is a need for psychosocial interventions to address the escalating mental health burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Physiotherapists could have a central role in reducing the burden and facilitating recovery within the multidisciplinary care of people with mental health problems. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the role of physiotherapists within the current mental health policies of SSA countries and to explore the current research evidence for physiotherapy to improve functional outcomes in people with mental health problems in SSA...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421799/an-international-genetic-survey-of-breed-specific-diseases-in-working-dogs-from-the-united-states-israel-and-poland
#8
Lisa G Shaffer, Christina J Ramirez, Patricia Phelps, Maya Aviram, Marta Walczak, Gila Kahila Bar-Gal, Blake C Ballif
Genetic diseases occur in breeds used for law enforcement. As important team members, dogs are expected to operate at peak performance for several years and are significant investments for both the initial purchase and extensive, specialized training. Previous studies have not focused on causes for retirement or euthanasia as genetic (inherited) versus acquired (environmental). We performed direct mutational analysis for breed-specific conditions on samples from 304 dogs including 267 law enforcement (122 US, 87 Israeli, and 58 Polish) and 37 search and rescue dogs...
February 9, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406844/an-insight-into-the-effect-of-exercises-on-the-prevention-of-osteoporosis-and-associated-fractures-in-high-risk-individuals
#9
REVIEW
Helen Senderovich, Andrew Kosmopoulos
The purpose of this review was to investigate what type of exercises can potentially prevent osteoporosis (OP) and its associated fractures in high-risk populations. MEDLINE was searched for work relevant to various types of exercises used to prevent osteoporotic fractures in high-risk population, from the year 1995 onwards. Twelve articles were identified, and, from them, four were deemed suitable to the objective. The studies reviewed show that various types of exercise are effective and safe in preventing the onset of OP...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394453/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-stable-angina
#10
REVIEW
Linda Long, Lindsey Anderson, Alice M Dewhirst, Jingzhou He, Charlene Bridges, Manish Gandhi, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: A previous Cochrane review has shown that exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) can benefit myocardial infarction and post-revascularisation patients. However, the impact on stable angina remains unclear and guidance is inconsistent. Whilst recommended in the guidelines of American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and the European Society of Cardiology, in the UK the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) states that there is "no evidence to suggest that CR is clinically or cost-effective for managing stable angina"...
February 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388927/-the-comparative-analysis-of-the-influence-of-the-supervised-exercise-training-and-home-based-exercise-training-on-the-psychological-status-of-the-following-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#11
S A Pomeshkina, E B Loktionova, V A Bezzubova, N V Arkhipova, I М Borovik, O L Barbarash
This article was designed to report the results of the comparative analysis of the influence of the home-based exercise training (HBT) and the supervised exercise training in the form of the controlled training (CVT) under conditions of outpatient rehabilitative treatment on the patients' quality of life (QoL) and psychological status (including manifestations of anxiety and depression) following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the consequences of the application of different programs of physical rehabilitation under the outpatient conditions on the psychoemotional status and quality of life of the patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting...
December 28, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383944/the-effects-of-a-culturally-tailored-patient-centered-psychosocial-intervention-in-south-korean-cancer-survivors
#12
Dohun Kim, Sun Ju Chang, Hyun Ok Lee, Seung Hee Lee
This study aimed to develop a culturally tailored, patient-centered psychosocial intervention program and to investigate the effects of the program on health-related quality of life, sleep disturbance, and depression in cancer survivors. This was a one-group pretest and posttest design. A total of 19 cancer survivors participated in the program. The program was designed to have an 8-week duration with one class per week. Every class was composed of a 90-min education session and a 90-min exercise. Among the health-related quality of life subscales, the scores of global health status/quality of life, physical functioning, and emotional functioning at posttest were statistically increased than those at pretest...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383573/fatigue-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-prevalence-burden-and-pharmacological-approaches-to-management
#13
REVIEW
Helia Ghanean, Amanda K Ceniti, Sidney H Kennedy
Fatigue is a frequently reported symptom in major depressive disorder, occurring in over 90% of patients. Clinical presentations of fatigue within major depressive disorder encompass overlapping physical, cognitive and emotional aspects. While this review addresses the epidemiology, burden, functional impact and management of fatigue in major depressive disorder, the main focus is on available pharmacotherapy options and their comparative efficacies. Our review of the effects of pharmacological treatments on fatigue in major depressive disorder found that medications with dopaminergic and/or noradrenergic action such as modafinil, flupenthixol and atomoxetine were most effective in improving symptoms of fatigue and low energy...
January 30, 2018: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383055/intern-as-patient-a-patient-experience-simulation-to-cultivate-empathy-in-emergency-medicine-residents
#14
Sara W Nelson, Carl A Germann, Casey Z MacVane, Rebecca B Bloch, Timothy S Fallon, Tania D Strout
Introduction: Prior work links empathy and positive physician-patient relationships to improved healthcare outcomes. The objective of this study was to analyze a patient experience simulation for emergency medicine (EM) interns as a way to teach empathy and conscientious patient care. Methods: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study on an in situ, patient experience simulation held during EM residency orientation. Half the interns were patients brought into the emergency department (ED) by ambulance and half were family members...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376559/physical-activity-for-women-with-breast-cancer-after-adjuvant-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Ian M Lahart, George S Metsios, Alan M Nevill, Amtul R Carmichael
BACKGROUND: Women with a diagnosis of breast cancer may experience short- and long-term disease and treatment-related adverse physiological and psychosocial outcomes. These outcomes can negatively impact prognosis, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychosocial and physical function. Physical activity may help to improve prognosis and may alleviate the adverse effects of adjuvant therapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of physical activity interventions after adjuvant therapy for women with breast cancer...
January 29, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376416/influence-of-well-being-variables-and-recovery-state-in-physical-enjoyment-of-professional-soccer-players-during-small-sided-games
#16
Okba Selmi, Bruno Gonçalves, Ibrahim Ouergui, Jaime Sampaio, Anissa Bouassida
This study aimed to assess the effects of the total quality of recovery and well-being indices (self-ratings of sleep during the preceding night, stress, fatigue and delayed onset muscle soreness) on rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and physical enjoyment (PE) during small-sided games. A total of 20 professional soccer players (25 ± 0.8 years) completed four 5-a-side game sessions of 25-min duration each (4 × 4 min work with 3-min passive recovery in-between). All variables were collected before each game session with the exception of RPE and Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale that were collected after...
January 28, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369455/development-and-validation-of-the-cholinergic-urticaria-quality-of-life-questionnaire-cholu-qol
#17
J Ruft, A Asady, P Staubach, T Casale, G Sussmann, T Zuberbier, M Maurer, K Weller, S Altrichter
BACKGROUND: Cholinergic urticaria (CholU), a common form of chronic inducible urticaria, is characterized by itchy wheals that occur in response to physical exercise or passive warming. CholU patients frequently exhibit a high burden of disease. As of yet, no specific instrument is available to assess their disease-related quality of life (QoL) impairment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the first disease specific QoL instrument for CholU patients, the Cholinergic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire (CholU-QoL)...
January 25, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366911/coping-skills-practice-and-symptom-change-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-pilot-telephone-symptom-management-intervention-for-lung-cancer-patients-and-their-family-caregivers
#18
Joseph G Winger, Kevin L Rand, Nasser Hanna, Shadia I Jalal, Lawrence H Einhorn, Thomas J Birdas, DuyKhanh P Ceppa, Kenneth A Kesler, Victoria L Champion, Catherine E Mosher
CONTEXT: Little research has explored coping skills practice in relation to symptom outcomes in psychosocial interventions for cancer patients and their family caregivers. OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of coping skills practice to symptom change in a telephone symptom management (TSM) intervention delivered concurrently to lung cancer patients and their caregivers. METHODS: This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized pilot trial...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358975/changes-in-coping-autonomous-motivation-and-beliefs-about-exercise-among-women-in-early-recovery-from-alcohol-participating-in-a-lifestyle-physical-activity-intervention
#19
Claire E Blevins, Marie A Rapoport, Cynthia L Battle, Michael D Stein, Ana M Abrantes
Women are particularly likely to drink alcohol for the purpose of coping with or alleviating negative affect. Engaging in physical activity has been posited as a potentially effective alternate coping strategy during early recovery for managing mood and cravings. Utilizing exercise to cope may be associated with more adaptive coping strategies in general. Additionally, an intrinsic (autonomous) motivational style and positive beliefs about exercise are associated with long-term adherence to physical activity...
October 2017: Mental Health and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357332/cerebral-blood-flow-and-heart-rate-variability-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#20
Anneleen Malfliet, Roselien Pas, Raf Brouns, Joris De Win, Samar M Hatem, Mira Meeus, Kelly Ickmans, Robbert-Jan van Hooff, Jo Nijs
BACKGROUND: Pain, fatigue, and concentration difficulties are typical features of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The exact underlying mechanisms of these symptoms are still unknown, but available evidence suggests an important role for impaired pain modulation. As evidence also suggests that pain modulation is related to cardiovascular mechanisms, it seems logical to investigate whether cerebral blood flow (CBF) and heart rate variability (HRV) are altered in these patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the role of the cardiovascular system in pain modulation and symptoms of CFS; the response of CBF and HRV to physical stress and their relation to the change in temporal summation (TS) of pressure pain and self-reported symptoms was evaluated...
January 2018: Pain Physician
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