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Exercise and emotion

Sansnee Jirojwong, Suzanne Brownhill, Hannah G Dahlen, Maree Johnson, Virginia Schmied
Issue addressed: In many developed countries the rate of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) for Asian-born women is higher than other groups. Studies suggest that some women have limited knowledge of the disease and poor self-management leading to health problems for themselves and their baby. Few studies report the experience of GDM among Southeast Asian migrant women living in Australia and factors that influence their management of the disease. Methods: A qualitative interpretive design was used to explore Southeast Asian migrant women's experience and management of GDM...
October 13, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Liying Ying, Xiaomin Chen, Lai Har Wu, Jing Shu, Xiangli Wu, Alice Yuen Loke
PURPOSE: Couples as dyads suffer from the diagnosis of infertility and related treatment. These couples commonly experience emotional and physical pain and tension in their marital lives. The purpose of this study is to report on the process of developing a potentially feasible and effective complex intervention for couples undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment in China. METHODS: The Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for developing and evaluating the complex intervention was adopted to guide the development of the Partnership and Coping Enhancement Programme (PCEP)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Praful Schroff, Jason Hitchcock, Christopher Schumann, J Michael Wells, Mark T Dransfield, Surya P Bhatt
Rationale Current practice guidelines recommend pulmonary rehabilitation as an adjunct to standard pharmacologic therapy for individuals with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Whether pulmonary rehabilitation benefits all subjects with COPD independent of baseline disease burden is not known. Objective To test whether pulmonary rehabilitation benefits patients with COPD independent of baseline exercise capacity, dyspnea and lung function. Methods Data from a prospectively maintained database of participants with COPD enrolled in pulmonary rehabilitation at the University of Alabama at Birmingham from 1996 to 2013 was retrospectively analyzed...
October 14, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Laura Miranda de Oliveira Caram, Renata Ferrari, André Luís Bertani, Thaís Garcia, Carolina Bonfanti Mesquita, Caroline Knaut, Suzana Erico Tanni, Irma Godoy
The effects of tobacco smoke, mild/moderate COPD disease and their combined effect on health status (HS), body composition (BC), and exercise capacity (EC) impairment are still unclear. We hypothesized that smoking and early COPD have a joint negative influence on these outcomes. We evaluated 32 smokers (smoking history >10 pack/years), 32 mild/moderate COPD (current smokers or former smokers), and 32 never smokers. All individuals underwent medical and smoking status evaluations, pre and post-bronchodilator spirometry, BC [fat-free mass (FFM) and FFM index (FFMI)], EC [six-minute walk distance (6MWD)] and HS [Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)]...
2016: PloS One
Francois Vermeulen, Audrey Chirumberro, Peter Rummens, Marie Bruyneel, Vincent Ninane
OBJECTIVE: In asthma patients, the assessment of activity limitation is based on questions evaluating how limited the patient feels in their activities. However, the lack of functional data complicates the interpretation of the answers. We aimed to evaluate the intensity of relationships between the patient's perception of activity limitation and the results of several functional tests. METHODS: Twenty patients complaining of asthma exacerbation were invited to complete three scores (Chronic Respiratory Disease questionnaire, Asthma Control Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Vojna Tapola, Jarl Wahlström, Raimo Lappalainen
BACKGROUND: Improving attitudes of personnel towards self-injurious patients leads to better working alliance and contributes to better patient outcomes. Previous research into the improvement of these attitudes has recorded the need for specific training in evidence-based assessment and treatment of self-injurious patients. AIM: The current study describes the attitudes towards self-injurious patients among psychiatric personnel. The study also evaluates the effect of a structured clinical training program on psychiatric personnel's attitudes towards patients who self-injure...
July 2016: Nurs Open
Marna Eliana Sakalem, Thomas Seidenbecher, Mingyue Zhang, Roja Saffari, Mykola Kravchenko, Stephanie Wördemann, Kai Diederich, Jens C Schwamborn, Weiqi Zhang, Oliver Ambrée
It is well known that adult neurogenesis occurs in two distinct regions, the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus and the subventricular zone along the walls of the lateral ventricles. Until now, the contribution of these newly born neurons to behavior and cognition is still uncertain. The current study tested the functional impacts of diminished hippocampal neurogenesis on emotional and cognitive functions in transgenic Gfap-tk mice. Our results showed that anxiety-related behavior evaluated both in the elevated plus maze as well as in the open field, social interaction in the sociability test, and spatial working memory in the spontaneous alternation test were not affected...
October 4, 2016: Hippocampus
Maja S Sommer, Karen Trier, Jette Vibe-Petersen, Karl B Christensen, Malene Missel, Merete Christensen, Klaus R Larsen, Seppo W Langer, Carsten Hendriksen, Paul F Clementsen, Jesper H Pedersen, Henning Langberg
INTRODUCTION: Surgical resection in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be associated with significant morbidity, functional limitations, and decreased quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to present health-related quality of life (HRQoL) changes over time before and 1 year after surgery in patients with NSCLC participating in a rehabilitation program. METHODS: Forty patients with NSCLC in disease stage I to IIIa, referred for surgical resection at the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery RT, Rigshospitalet, were included in the study...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Minyoung Lee, Sang Heon Lee, TaeYeong Kim, Hyun-Joon Yoo, Sung Hoon Kim, Dong-Won Suh, Jaebum Son, BumChul Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of a newly developed smartphone-based exercise program with an embedded self-classification algorithm for office workers with neck pain, by examining its effect on the pain intensity, functional disability, quality of life, fear-avoidance, and cervical range of motion (ROM). DESIGN: Single-group repeated-measures design. SETTING: The laboratory and participants' home and work environments. PARTICIPANTS: Offices workers with neck pain (n=23; mean ± SD, 28...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Jennifer E Lincoln, Jan Birdsey, W Karl Sieber, Guang-X Chen, Edward M Hitchcock, Akinori Nakata, Cynthia F Robinson
PURPOSE: There is a growing body of evidence that the built environment influences diet and exercise and, as a consequence, community health status. Since long-haul truck drivers spend long periods of time at truck stops, it is important to know if this built environment includes resources that contribute to the emotional and physical well-being of drivers. SETTING: The truck stop environment was defined as the truck stop itself, grocery stores, and medical clinics near the truck stop that could be accessed by a large truck or safely on foot...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Dan Xu, Yingshuo Wang, Zhimin Chen, Shuxian Li, Yungai Cheng, Li Zhang, Lingzhi Zhao
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a global problem. Prevalence varies among different countries and cities. We aimed to obtain the prevalence, describe the characteristics, and discover factors that may relate to asthma in Hangzhou. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Hangzhou. The subjects were children aged 14 years and younger. A control group of non-asthma children that matched in age and sex with each asthmatic patient was also randomly selected and interviewed...
September 27, 2016: Respiratory Research
Nicolas Winisdoerffer, Marie-Madeleine Leclercq, Aurélie Muller, Myriam Martin, Myriam Pierrat
OBJECTIVE: A rehabilitation program, with successive types of exercises, including limb laterality recognition, imagined movements and mirror therapy, can be conducted in patients with CRPS I1. This graded motor imagery program, developed by Moseley, needs patients' participation, is educative, and improves edema, pain, and functional capacities. We want to investigate whether this program would improve health-related quality of life of patients with CRPS I. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with upper or lower limb CRPS I are included...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Chase Davenport, Francesco Pagnini
The K-12 classroom applications of mindfulness as developed by Ellen Langer are discussed in a case study of a first-year charter school. Langerian Mindfulness, which is the act of drawing distinctions and noticing novelty, is deeply related to well-being and creativity, yet its impact has yet to be tested at the primary or secondary school level. The objective of the article is to display how Langerian Mindfulness strategies could increase 21st century skills and Social-Emotional Learning in primary classrooms...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Alan C Sing, Stephen Tsaur, Stephen M Paridon, Julie A Brothers
BACKGROUND: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery is a congenital cardiac condition that can be associated with increased risk of sudden death. To date, quality of life and exercise performance have not been evaluated in patients with this condition who do not undergo surgical repair. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of patients with unoperated anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery at our institution from 1 January, 2000 to 31 January, 2016...
September 26, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
James T Kennedy, Paul F Collins, Monica Luciana
Adolescent obesity is associated with an increased chance of developing serious health risks later in life. Identifying the neurobiological and personality factors related to increases in adiposity is important to understanding what drives maladaptive consummatory and exercise behaviors that result in obesity. Previous research has largely focused on adults with few findings published on interactions among adiposity, brain structure, and personality. In this study, Voxel Based Morphometry (VBM) was used to identify associations between gray and white matter volumes and increasing adiposity, as measured by Body Mass Index percentile (BMI%), in 137 adolescents (age range: 9-20 years, BMI% range: 5...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Tufan Nayir, Ersin Uskun, Mustafa Volkan Yürekli, Hacer Devran, Ayşe Çelik, Ramazan Azim Okyay
Body image (BI) can be described as the assessment of both positive and negative emotion for one's own body parts and their characteristics by himself or herself. Current research has concentrated mostly on the status of negative BI as a risk factor for mental health problems rather than as a public health problem, thereby little is known about the effects of BI on quality of life. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the BI and Quality of Life (QoL) of individuals and to investigate the relationship between the two...
2016: PloS One
E M Zopf, R U Newton, D R Taaffe, N Spry, P Cormie, D Joseph, S K Chambers, F T Baumann, W Bloch, D A Galvão
: Cancer patients with bone metastases have previously been excluded from participation in physical activity programmes due to concerns of skeletal fractures. Our aim was to provide initial information on the association between physical activity levels and physical and mental health outcomes in prostate cancer patients with bone metastases. Between 2012 and 2015, 55 prostate cancer patients (mean age 69.7 ± 8.3; BMI 28.6 ± 4.0) with bone metastases (58.2% >2 regions affected) undertook assessments for self-reported physical activity, physical and mental health outcomes (SF-36), objective physical performance measures and body composition by DXA...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Felipe Alfonso Sandoval Garrido, Nanako Tamiya, Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Haruko Noguchi
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are a leading cause of disability and emotional suffering, particularly in old age. However, evidence on depression and old age in developing countries remains largely ignored. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between health behavior and social conditions with depression among dependent community-dwelling older persons in the Republic of Chile. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and inferential study, using nationally representative secondary data...
September 20, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Sengul Cangur, Cetin Yaman, Ilker Ercan, Metin Yaman, Serdar Tok
Sports and exercise settings as well as other socio-cultural environments emphasize a thin and physically fit female body. However, there is a clear need for a better understanding of the physical and psychological correlates of social physique anxiety and body image dissatisfaction in female athletes. This study aimed to examine the association of the social physique anxiety, body image satisfaction, and personality with the anthropometric measurements in female college athletes according to their sport type using the Co-Plot technique...
September 20, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
William J Chopik, Ed O'Brien
Objective: Happy people are healthy people. However, past research has largely overlooked the influence of romantic partners' happiness on physical health, particularly how a person's own emotional and physical well-being might also be affected by the happiness and health of their partner. Method: The current study helps fill this gap. In a large nationally representative sample (N = 1,981 couples), a multilevel modeling procedure was employed to explore whether spousal life satisfaction contributes to self-health over and above the contribution of one's own life satisfaction...
September 19, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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