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Exercise and emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730865/psychological-assessment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#1
Liya Pan, Xiaxi Li, Yi Feng, Li Hong
Objective This study aimed to analyse the psychological conditions and behaviour of a group of Chinese children and adolescents with obesity, and to develop an intervention for these young patients. Methods A group of 72 patients aged from 4 to 15 years were recruited from an obesity clinic. Patients, or the parents of children younger than 12 years, filled out a series of self-report questionnaires, and the responses were recorded and analysed. Results The 72 children and adolescents with obesity had a mean age of 9...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722022/opioid-release-after-high-intensity-interval-training-in-healthy-human-subjects
#2
Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Tuominen, Jetro J Tuulari, Lauri Nummenmaa, Eveliina Arponen, Kari Kalliokoski, Jussi Hirvonen
Central opioidergic mechanisms may modulate the positive effects of physical exercise such as mood elevation and stress reduction. How exercise intensity and concomitant affective changes affect central opioidergic responses is unknown. We studied the effects of acute physical exercise on the cerebral μ-opioid receptors (MOR) of 22 healthy recreationally active males using positron emission tomography (PET) and the MOR-selective radioligand [(11)C]carfentanil. MOR binding was measured in three conditions on separate days: after a 60-min aerobic moderate-intensity exercise session, after a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) session, and after rest...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720264/fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#3
Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Eufemia Jacob, Emiliana Omena Bomfim, Luis Carlos Lopes-Junior, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Milena Floria-Santos, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento
PURPOSE: The study examined the different dimensions of fatigue (general, sleep/rest, cognitive), health related quality of life (HRQL) (physical, emotional, cognitive, social), and the relationships between fatigue and HRQL in hospitalized children and adolescents with cancer in Brazil. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a pediatric oncology inpatient unit in a comprehensive cancer care hospital in southeast Brazil. They completed the PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and the PedsQL Inventory of Quality of Life (Generic and Cancer module) once during hospitalization...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710060/values-affirmation-intervention-reduces-achievement-gap-between-underrepresented-minority-and-white-students-in-introductory-biology-classes
#4
Hannah Jordt, Sarah L Eddy, Riley Brazil, Ignatius Lau, Chelsea Mann, Sara E Brownell, Katherine King, Scott Freeman
Achievement gaps between underrepresented minority (URM) students and their white peers in college science, technology, engineering, and mathematics classrooms are persistent across many white-majority institutions of higher education. Attempts to reduce this phenomenon of underperformance through increasing classroom structure via active learning have been partially successful. In this study, we address the hypothesis that the achievement gap between white and URM students in an undergraduate biology course has a psychological and emotional component arising from stereotype threat...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705085/international-survey-of-als-experts-about-critical-questions-for-assessing-patients-with-als
#5
Mamede De Carvalho, Adam Ryczkowski, Peter Andersen, Marta Gromicho, Julian Grosskreutz, Magdalena Kuźma-Kozakiewicz, Susanne Petri, Maria Piotrkiewicz, Gabriel Miltenberger Miltenyi
OBJECTIVE: To define an applicable dataset for ALS patient registries we weighted specific clinical items as scored by worldwide ALS experts. METHODS: Sixty participants were invited based on relevant clinical work, publications and personal acquaintance. They rated 160 clinical items consensually agreed by the members of our project, incorporating specialists from five European Centres. Scoring scheme was defined as: 1 - essential; 2 - important; 3 - not very important...
July 13, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701268/positive-emotional-well-being-health-behaviors-and-inflammation-measured-by-c-reactive-protein
#6
Gail Ironson, Nikhil Banerjee, Calvin Fitch, Neal Krause
OBJECTIVE: There is a substantial body of literature describing the association between inflammatory biomarkers and negative emotional factors (i.e. depression). However, less is known about how they might be related to positive psychological variables. This study examined the association between positive emotional well-being (PEWB) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP), an inflammatory biomarker important for cardiovascular and other diseases. METHOD: Data were analyzed from 1979 respondents to a nationwide survey in the U...
June 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697504/effects-of-a-training-program-involving-body-cooling-on-physical-and-cognitive-capacities-and-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-pilot-study
#7
Benoit Gonzales, Gilles Chopard, Benjamin Charry, Eric Berger, Julien Tripard, Eloi Magnin, Alain Groslambert
OBJECTIVE: Two methods using exercise and body cooling could influence the well-being of patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The aim of this study was to determine whether wearing a cooling vest during a physical training program could increase the cognitive and physical capacities and quality of life in PwMS. METHODS: Eighteen PwMS (49.6 ± 8 years; Expanded Disability Status Score 5.0 ± 1.0) were randomly assigned to a cooling or control group. PwMS underwent a 7-week physical training program...
July 12, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696384/physical-and-emotional-benefits-of-different-exercise-environments-designed-for-treadmill-running
#8
Hsiao-Pu Yeh, Joseph A Stone, Sarah M Churchill, Eric Brymer, Keith Davids
(1) Background: Green physical activity promotes physical health and mental wellbeing and interesting questions concern effects of this information on designing indoor exercise environments. This study examined the physical and emotional effects of different nature-based environments designed for indoor treadmill running; (2) Methods: In a counterbalanced experimental design, 30 participants performed three, twenty-minute treadmill runs at a self-selected pace while viewing either a static nature image, a dynamic nature image or self-selected entertainment...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692579/physical-activity-interventions-for-children-with-social-emotional-and-behavioral-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#9
Tayla Ash, April Bowling, Kirsten Davison, Jeanette Garcia
OBJECTIVE: Perform a systematic review of the available literature regarding the effectiveness of exercise interventions on children with any type of social, emotional, or behavioral disability (SEBD), with attention to a range of physiological, behavioral, and mood outcomes. METHODS: Six databases were searched using a systematic methodology. References of included studies, as well as relevant reviews, were also examined. The review was limited to studies published since 2000 reporting a quantitative analysis of the effects of a physical activity (PA) intervention on at least 1 behavioral, psychological, or cognitive outcome in children aged 21 and under, diagnosed with a SEBD...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686593/the-proximal-experience-of-gratitude
#10
Kristin Layous, Kate Sweeny, Christina Armenta, Soojung Na, Incheol Choi, Sonja Lyubomirsky
Although a great deal of research has tested the longitudinal effects of regularly practicing gratitude, much less attention has been paid to the emotional landscape directly following engagement in gratitude exercises. In three studies, we explored the array of discrete emotions people experience after being prompted to express or recall gratitude. In Studies 1 and 2, two different gratitude exercises produced not only greater feelings of gratitude relative to two positive emotion control conditions (i.e., recalling relief), but also higher levels of other socially relevant states like elevation, connectedness, and indebtedness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#11
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671892/physical-activity-interventions-for-children-with-social-emotional-and-behavioral-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#12
Tayla Ash, April Bowling, Kirsten Davison, Jeanette Garcia
OBJECTIVE: Perform a systematic review of the available literature regarding the effectiveness of exercise interventions on children with any type of social, emotional, or behavioral disability (SEBD), with attention to a range of physiological, behavioral, and mood outcomes. METHODS: Six databases were searched using a systematic methodology. References of included studies, as well as relevant reviews, were also examined. The review was limited to studies published since 2000 reporting a quantitative analysis of the effects of a physical activity (PA) intervention on at least 1 behavioral, psychological, or cognitive outcome in children aged 21 and under, diagnosed with a SEBD...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667705/effects-of-prior-mental-effort-on-picture-processing-an-erp-investigation
#13
Katie E Garrison, Adrienne L Crowell, Anna J Finley, Brandon J Schmeichel
The current study examined the aftereffects of mental effort on the processing of picture stimuli using neural measures. Ninety-seven healthy young adults were randomly assigned to exercise more versus less mental effort on a writing task. Then participants viewed positive, negative, and neutral affective images while P1, N1, P2, N2, P3, and late positive potential (LPP) magnitudes to the images were assessed. We found that performing the more (versus less) effortful writing task caused more negative N2 amplitudes to all images...
July 1, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665523/emotional-labor-and-professional-practice-in-sports-medicine-and-science
#14
Rebecca F Hings, Christopher R D Wagstaff, Richard C Thelwell, Sarah Gilmore, Valerie Anderson
The aim of the present study was to explore how sport medicine and science practitioners manage their emotions through emotional labor when engaging in professional practice in elite sport. To address the research aim a semi-structured interview design was adopted. Specifically, eighteen professional sport medicine and science staff provided interviews. The sample comprised sport and exercise psychologists (n = 6), strength and conditioning coaches (n = 5), physiotherapists (n = 5), one sports doctor and one generic sport scientist...
June 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665378/-the-application-of-general-magnetic-therapy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-following-the-surgical-treatment-of-herniated-intervertebral-discs
#15
D D Voronina, A G Kulikov, I A Luppova, O V Yarustovskaya
AIM: The objective of the present work was to rehabilitate more efficiently the patients who had undergone the surgical treatment for herniated discs in the lumbosacral spine by applying general magnetic therapy during the combined treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 73 patients underwent the medical examination and treatment. The patients matched for age and sex presenting with similar clinical symptoms were divided into two groups. All of them received initial therapy that included medication, therapeutic physical exercises, and aquatic therapy...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659230/seedi-1-0-3-0-strategies-for-major-noncommunicable-diseases-in-china
#16
Chun-Song Hu, Tengiz Tkebuchava
The purpose of this article is to briefly introduce the status and challenges of major noncommunicable diseases (mNCDs), which include cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer, as well as related risk factors, such as environmental pollution, smoking, obesity and sleep disorders. "S-E-E-D" rules or the strategies of "S-E-E-D" intervention (SEEDi) consist of four core healthy elements: sleep, emotion, exercise and diet. The history of SEEDi(1.0-3.0) is also introduced, which includes versions 1.0, 1.5, 2...
July 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648318/translation-revision-and-validation-of-the-diabetes-distress-scale-for-indonesian-type-2-diabetic-outpatients-with-various-types-of-complications
#17
Bustanul Arifin S Farm, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Jarir At Thobari, Qi Cao, Paul F M Krabbe, Maarten J Postma
OBJECTIVES: To translate, revise, and validate the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) instrument for Indonesian type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) outpatients with various complications. METHODS: Participants were recruited from four hospitals and two primary health care centers. The study was performed with forward and backward translations, an adaptation testing with a small subset of participants, and validation analysis. Factor analysis with maximum likelihood estimation and promax rotation was then used to investigate the instrument structure...
May 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647310/effect-of-a-web-based-positive-psychology-intervention-on-prenatal-well-being-a-case-series-study
#18
Giulia Corno, Ernestina Etchemendy, Macarena Espinoza, Rocío Herrero, Guadalupe Molinari, Alba Carrillo, Constance Drossaert, Rosa Maria Baños
BACKGROUND: Detrimental effects of women's negative feelings during pregnancy have been extensively examined and documented, but research on the influence of positive feelings and protective factors on their prenatal mental health is scarce. Evidence from the positive psychology field has shown that practicing some brief positive exercises, called positive psychology interventions, can maximize well-being by increasing positive emotions, engagement, and meaning. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of a positive psychology web-based intervention on indices of women's prenatal well-being...
June 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632239/feasibility-of-mind-body-movement-programs-for-cancer-survivors
#19
Kristine K Browning, Jennifer Kue, Felisha Lyons, Janine Overcash
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mind-body movement exercise (MBME) classes (yoga, tai chi, and Qigong) for cancer survivors. 
. DESIGN: A single-group, repeated-measures design.
. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital in Columbus.
. SAMPLE: 33 adult cancer survivors, with any cancer diagnosis, participating in MBME classes.
. METHODS: The researchers sought to examine feasibility of multiple data collection time points and data collection measures; acceptability; and changes to physical, emotional, and biometric measures over time, as a result of participation in MBME classes...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#20
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
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