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Elderly wellbeing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899766/health-relevance-of-the-modification-of-low-grade-inflammation-in-ageing-inflammageing-and-the-role-of-nutrition
#1
REVIEW
Philip C Calder, Nabil Bosco, Raphaëlle Bourdet-Sicard, Lucile Capuron, Nathalie Delzenne, Joel Doré, Claudio Franceschi, Markus J Lehtinen, Tobias Recker, Stefano Salvioli, Francesco Visioli
Ageing of the global population has become a public health concern with an important socio-economic dimension. Ageing is characterised by an increase in the concentration of inflammatory markers in the bloodstream, a phenomenon that has been termed "inflammageing". The inflammatory response is beneficial as an acute, transient reaction to harmful conditions, facilitating the defence, repair, turnover and adaptation of many tissues. However, chronic and low grade inflammation is likely to be detrimental for many tissues and for normal functions...
September 9, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800480/frail-elderly-with-and-without-cognitive-impairment-at-the-end-of-life-their-emotional-state-and-the-wellbeing-of-their-family-caregivers
#2
Ana Soto-Rubio, Marián Pérez-Marín, Pilar Barreto
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: (1) To identify the main predictors of the emotional state of the frail elderly at the end-of-life and that of their primary family caregivers, taking into consideration the presence/absence of significant cognitive impairment in the patient and (2) to analyse the relationship between the emotional state of the patient and that of their primary family caregiver. METHODS: Our study is cross-sectional. 85 frail elderly patients at the end-of-life and their primary family caregivers participated...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790945/recommendations-for-the-use-of-serious-games-in-neurodegenerative-disorders-2016-delphi-panel
#3
Valeria Manera, Grégory Ben-Sadoun, Teun Aalbers, Hovannes Agopyan, Florence Askenazy, Michel Benoit, David Bensamoun, Jérémy Bourgeois, Jonathan Bredin, Francois Bremond, Carlos Crispim-Junior, Renaud David, Bob De Schutter, Eric Ettore, Jennifer Fairchild, Pierre Foulon, Adam Gazzaley, Auriane Gros, Stéphanie Hun, Frank Knoefel, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Minh K Phan Tran, Antonios Politis, Anne S Rigaud, Guillaume Sacco, Sylvie Serret, Susanne Thümmler, Marie L Welter, Philippe Robert
The use of Serious Games (SG) in the health domain is expanding. In the field of neurodegenerative disorders (ND) such as Alzheimer's disease, SG are currently employed both to support and improve the assessment of different functional and cognitive abilities, and to provide alternative solutions for patients' treatment, stimulation, and rehabilitation. As the field is quite young, recommendations on the use of SG in people with ND are still rare. In 2014 we proposed some initial recommendations (Robert et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779927/combining-music-and-reminiscence-therapy-interventions-for-wellbeing-in-elderly-populations-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Lauren Istvandity
Both music therapy and reminiscence therapy are currently being used to increase aspects of wellbeing in older people, including those with memory diseases such as dementia, as alternatives to pharmacological treatments. There is growing evidence that combining these therapies in a focused way would provide unique wellbeing outcomes for this population. This review aims to report on the existing intervention studies that utilize both music and reminiscence activities in equal measure in elderly adult populations...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707520/who-are-the-lonely-a-typology-of-loneliness-in-new-zealand
#5
Hannah Hawkins-Elder, Taciano L Milfont, Matthew D Hammond, Chris G Sibley
BACKGROUND: Loneliness has many negative physical and mental health ramifications and is most prevalent among vulnerable social groups. However, little is known about how loneliness is grouped within the population and the characteristics of those groups. METHODS: We conducted a Latent Profile Analysis on 18,264 participants from the fifth wave of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study to identify the number of distinct loneliness profiles in the population...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701205/art-therapy-and-music-reminiscence-activity-in-the-prevention-of-cognitive-decline-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rathi Mahendran, Iris Rawtaer, Johnson Fam, Jonathan Wong, Alan Prem Kumar, Mihir Gandhi, Kenny Xu Jing, Lei Feng, Ee Heok Kua
BACKGROUND: Attention has shifted to the use of non-pharmacological interventions to prevent cognitive decline as a preventive strategy, as well as for those at risk and those with mild cognitive impairment. Early introduction of psycho-social interventions can address cognitive decline and significantly impact quality of life and the wellbeing of elderly individuals. This pilot study explores the feasibility of using art therapy and music reminiscence activity to improve the cognition of community living elderly with mild cognitive impairment...
July 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676855/the-effects-of-6-months-of-progressive-high-effort-resistance-training-methods-upon-strength-body-composition-function-and-wellbeing-of-elderly-adults
#7
James Steele, Kristin Raubold, Wolfgang Kemmler, James Fisher, Paulo Gentil, Jürgen Giessing
PURPOSE: The present study examined the progressive implementation of a high effort resistance training (RT) approach in older adults over 6 months and through a 6-month follow-up on strength, body composition, function, and wellbeing of older adults. METHODS: Twenty-three older adults (aged 61 to 80 years) completed a 6-month supervised RT intervention applying progressive introduction of higher effort set end points. After completion of the intervention participants could choose to continue performing RT unsupervised until 6-month follow-up...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645251/improving-early-detection-initiatives-a-qualitative-study-exploring-perspectives-of-older-people-and-professionals
#8
Manon Lette, Annerieke Stoop, Lidwien C Lemmens, Yvette Buist, Caroline A Baan, Simone R de Bruin
BACKGROUND: A wide range of initiatives on early detection and intervention have been developed to proactively identify problems related to health and wellbeing in (frail) older people, with the aim of supporting them to live independently for as long as possible. Nevertheless, it remains unclear what the best way is to design such initiatives and how older people's needs and preferences can be best addressed. This study aimed to address this gap in the literature by exploring: 1) older people's perspectives on health and living environment in relation to living independently at home; 2) older people's needs and preferences in relation to initiating and receiving care and support; and 3) professionals' views on what would be necessary to enable the alignment of early detection initiatives with older people's own needs and preferences...
June 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620790/female-double-incontinence-prevalence-incidence-and-risk-factors-from-the-sabe-health-wellbeing-and-aging-study
#9
Denise R Yuaso, Jair L F Santos, Rodrigo A Castro, Yeda A O Duarte, Manoel J B C Girão, Bary Berghmans, José Tadeu N Tamanini
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Double Incontinence (DI) is incontinence of urine and stool and is an extreme manifestation of pelvic floor dysfunction. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and incidence of DI and the risk factors in elderly women in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This was a prospective study in women aged 65 years or older evaluated in 2006 and re-evaluated in 2010. The sample was selected by two-phase stratified sampling with replacement and probability proportional to size...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610649/enhancing-resiliency-for-elderly-populations-shelter-in-place-planning-and-training-at-facilities-serving-elderly-populations-through-the-rhode-island-senior-resiliency-project
#10
Richard Smith, Michael Mozzer, Joseph Albanese, James Paturas, Julia Gold
Elderly populations are disproportionately affected by disasters. In part, this is true because for many older adults, special assistance is needed to mitigate the consequences of disasters on their health and wellbeing. In addition, many older adults may reside in diverse living complexes such as long-term care facilities, assisted living facilities and independent-living senior housing complexes. Planning for each type of facility is different and the unique features of these facilities must be considered to develop readiness to deal with disasters...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594057/online-interventions-for-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#11
Esther Parra-Vidales, Felipe Soto-Pérez, Mª Victoria Perea-Bartolomé, Manuel A Franco-Martín, Juan L Muñoz-Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: The elderly population is growing driven by the increase in life expectancy, which in turn entails an increase in the number of people with chronic diseases such as dementia. The vast majority of people suffering from this illness is assisted by informal caregivers, who play a key role in fulfilling the patients’ needs, promoting the possibility for people with dementia to live in their home environment. The Internet as a support tool in psychoeducational programs can significantly improve accessibility of them, becoming a currently consolidated interactive resource for the training of patients with acute and chronic diseases, and their caregivers...
May 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582564/disengagement-as-withdrawal-from-public-space-rethinking-the-relation-between-place-attachment-place-appropriation-and-identity-building-among-older-adults
#12
Anna Wanka
Background and Objectives: Empirical research indicates that engagement with public space decreases with age. Why do some older adults withdraw from the public, and which role does the (urban) environment play in spatial (dis-)engagement? Environmental gerontology's model of person-environment (PE) fit suggests an interrelation between agency and belonging and their causal effects on identity and wellbeing in later life. However, there is little research on how these dimensions are actually related...
June 3, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539686/lifecourse-transitions-gender-and-drinking-in-later-life
#13
Clare Holdsworth, Martin Frisher, Marina Mendonça, Cesar DE Oliveiria, Hynek Pikhart, Nicola Shelton
Older people consume less alcohol than any other adult age group. However, in recent years survey data on alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom have shown that while younger age groups have experienced a decline in alcohol consumption, drinking behaviours among the elderly have not reduced in the same way. This paper uses data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing to analyse both the frequency and quantity of older adult's alcohol consumption using a lifecourse approach over a ten-year period. Overall drinking declined over time and the analysis examined how socio-economic characteristics, partnership, employment and health statuses were associated with differences in drinking behaviours and how these changed over time...
March 2017: Ageing and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524114/bath-ambience-a-mechatronic-system-for-assisting-the-caregivers-of-bedridden-people
#14
Karolina Bezerra, José Machado, Vítor Carvalho, Marcelo Castro, Pedro Costa, Demétrio Matos, Filomena Soares
The health of older people is receiving special attention and dedication nowadays, with the aim of increasing their general wellbeing and quality of life. Studies into different aspects of the care of the elderly have found that emphasis should be given to solving problems related to bathing in different situations and environments. In particular, it is important to develop new assistive technologies to streamline and ease the burden of a caregiver's daily tasks. Generally-speaking, in the case of bedridden patients, bathing is typically carried out manually by a caregiver, using towels, sponges, and a water basin...
May 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516810/the-role-of-meaning-in-life-mediating-the-effects-of-perceived-knowledge-of-stroke-on-depression-and-life-satisfaction-among-stroke-survivors
#15
Esther Ow Chow
OBJECTIVE: Meaning-making is a way of coping when facing adverse events. A paucity of literature suggests other possible factors (e.g. delivery of knowledge) can influence how chronic illness survivors (i.e. stroke survivors in rehabilitation) cope with illness. This article explores the importance and significance of meaning in life as a mediator between perceived stroke knowledge and psychological wellbeing among stroke survivors and how such processes can be applied in practice to promote their psychological wellbeing...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479898/aerobic-exercise-improves-quality-of-life-psychological-well-being-and-systemic-inflammation-in-subjects-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Osama H Al-Jiffri
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease has a destructive drawbacks on the patient and his/her entire family as this disease badly af fects the behavior, cognition and abilities to do activities of daily living (ADL). The physical and mental benefits of exercise are widely known but seldom available to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure quality of life, systemic inflammation and psychological well-being response to aerobic exercises in Alzheimer's...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474752/parents-experiences-of-caring-for-preterm-infants-after-discharge-with-grandmothers-as-their-main-support
#17
Esther Abena Adama, Sara Bayes, Deborah Sundin
AIM: To explore parents of preterm infants' experiences of caring for their preterm infants with the grandmother as their primary support after discharge. BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery is the major cause of high neonatal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is poor neonatal health outcome in the Ghanaian community with some illnesses culturally classified as not-for-hospital. In the community, grandmothers or elderly women provide support for new parents and decide treatment options for sick infants...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469547/factors-predicting-meat-and-meat-products-consumption-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-people-evidence-from-a-consumer-survey-in-switzerland
#18
Alexandra Schmid, Doreen Gille, Patrizia Piccinali, Ueli Bütikofer, Magali Chollet, Themistoklis Altintzoglou, Pirjo Honkanen, Barbara Walther, Helena Stoffers
Background: An adequate diet contributes to health and wellbeing in older age. This is nowadays more important than ever since in industrialised countries the elderly population is growing continually. However, information regarding the consumption behaviour of older persons in Switzerland is limited. Objective: The objective of this investigation was to explore how middle-aged and elderly Swiss view animal products in relation to diet and health, and what factors predict consumption frequency. Design: A representative consumer survey among 632 people over the age of 50 years, living in the German-, French- and Italian-speaking regions of Switzerland was conducted...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458908/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-ethanol-ablation-therapy-for-pancreatic-insulinoma-an-unusual-strategy
#19
Adriana de Sousa Lages, Isabel Paiva, Patrícia Oliveira, Francisco Portela, Francisco Carrilho
SUMMARY: Insulinomas are the most frequent cause of hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia. Although surgical enucleation is the standard treatment, a few other options are available to high-risk patients who are elderly or present with co-morbidities. We present a case report of an 89-year-old female patient who was admitted to the emergency department due to recurrent hypoglycaemia, especially during fasting. Laboratory work-up raised the suspicion of hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia, and abdominal CT scan revealed a 12 mm nodular hypervascular lesion of the pancreatic body suggestive of neuroendocrine tumour...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449084/perceived-quality-of-life-following-elder-mistreatment-in-rural-india
#20
Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Aravindhan Natarajan
Objectives: Using resilience theory, we examined multiple risks (individual, familial, and mistreatment characteristics) and promotive factors (mastery and social support) associated with perceived quality of life following mistreatment and tested two competing models, compensatory and protective models, to explain the role of promotive factors in the mistreatment-wellbeing linkage. Method: Face-to-face interviews were conducted by administering standardized instruments to 897 randomly selected older adults in rural Tamil Nadu, India...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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