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Elderly wellbeing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707520/who-are-the-lonely-a-typology-of-loneliness-in-new-zealand
#1
Hannah Hawkins-Elder, Taciano L Milfont, Matthew D Hammond, Chris G Sibley
BACKGROUND: Loneliness has many negative physical and mental health ramifications and is most prevalent among vulnerable social groups. However, little is known about how loneliness is grouped within the population and the characteristics of those groups. METHODS: We conducted a Latent Profile Analysis on 18,264 participants from the fifth wave of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study to identify the number of distinct loneliness profiles in the population...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701205/art-therapy-and-music-reminiscence-activity-in-the-prevention-of-cognitive-decline-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Rathi Mahendran, Iris Rawtaer, Johnson Fam, Jonathan Wong, Alan Prem Kumar, Mihir Gandhi, Kenny Xu Jing, Lei Feng, Ee Heok Kua
BACKGROUND: Attention has shifted to the use of non-pharmacological interventions to prevent cognitive decline as a preventive strategy, as well as for those at risk and those with mild cognitive impairment. Early introduction of psycho-social interventions can address cognitive decline and significantly impact quality of life and the wellbeing of elderly individuals. This pilot study explores the feasibility of using art therapy and music reminiscence activity to improve the cognition of community living elderly with mild cognitive impairment...
July 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676855/the-effects-of-6-months-of-progressive-high-effort-resistance-training-methods-upon-strength-body-composition-function-and-wellbeing-of-elderly-adults
#3
James Steele, Kristin Raubold, Wolfgang Kemmler, James Fisher, Paulo Gentil, Jürgen Giessing
PURPOSE: The present study examined the progressive implementation of a high effort resistance training (RT) approach in older adults over 6 months and through a 6-month follow-up on strength, body composition, function, and wellbeing of older adults. METHODS: Twenty-three older adults (aged 61 to 80 years) completed a 6-month supervised RT intervention applying progressive introduction of higher effort set end points. After completion of the intervention participants could choose to continue performing RT unsupervised until 6-month follow-up...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645251/improving-early-detection-initiatives-a-qualitative-study-exploring-perspectives-of-older-people-and-professionals
#4
Manon Lette, Annerieke Stoop, Lidwien C Lemmens, Yvette Buist, Caroline A Baan, Simone R de Bruin
BACKGROUND: A wide range of initiatives on early detection and intervention have been developed to proactively identify problems related to health and wellbeing in (frail) older people, with the aim of supporting them to live independently for as long as possible. Nevertheless, it remains unclear what the best way is to design such initiatives and how older people's needs and preferences can be best addressed. This study aimed to address this gap in the literature by exploring: 1) older people's perspectives on health and living environment in relation to living independently at home; 2) older people's needs and preferences in relation to initiating and receiving care and support; and 3) professionals' views on what would be necessary to enable the alignment of early detection initiatives with older people's own needs and preferences...
June 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620790/female-double-incontinence-prevalence-incidence-and-risk-factors-from-the-sabe-health-wellbeing-and-aging-study
#5
Denise R Yuaso, Jair L F Santos, Rodrigo A Castro, Yeda A O Duarte, Manoel J B C Girão, Bary Berghmans, José Tadeu N Tamanini
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Double Incontinence (DI) is incontinence of urine and stool and is an extreme manifestation of pelvic floor dysfunction. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and incidence of DI and the risk factors in elderly women in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This was a prospective study in women aged 65 years or older evaluated in 2006 and re-evaluated in 2010. The sample was selected by two-phase stratified sampling with replacement and probability proportional to size...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610649/enhancing-resiliency-for-elderly-populations-shelter-in-place-planning-and-training-at-facilities-serving-elderly-populations-through-the-rhode-island-senior-resiliency-project
#6
Richard Smith, Michael Mozzer, Joseph Albanese, James Paturas, Julia Gold
Elderly populations are disproportionately affected by disasters. In part, this is true because for many older adults, special assistance is needed to mitigate the consequences of disasters on their health and wellbeing. In addition, many older adults may reside in diverse living complexes such as long-term care facilities, assisted living facilities and independent-living senior housing complexes. Planning for each type of facility is different and the unique features of these facilities must be considered to develop readiness to deal with disasters...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594057/online-interventions-for-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#7
Esther Parra-Vidales, Felipe Soto-Pérez, Mª Victoria Perea-Bartolomé, Manuel A Franco-Martín, Juan L Muñoz-Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: The elderly population is growing driven by the increase in life expectancy, which in turn entails an increase in the number of people with chronic diseases such as dementia. The vast majority of people suffering from this illness is assisted by informal caregivers, who play a key role in fulfilling the patients’ needs, promoting the possibility for people with dementia to live in their home environment. The Internet as a support tool in psychoeducational programs can significantly improve accessibility of them, becoming a currently consolidated interactive resource for the training of patients with acute and chronic diseases, and their caregivers...
May 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582564/disengagement-as-withdrawal-from-public-space-rethinking-the-relation-between-place-attachment-place-appropriation-and-identity-building-among-older-adults
#8
Anna Wanka
Background and Objectives: Empirical research indicates that engagement with public space decreases with age. Why do some older adults withdraw from the public, and which role does the (urban) environment play in spatial (dis-)engagement? Environmental gerontology's model of person-environment (PE) fit suggests an interrelation between agency and belonging and their causal effects on identity and wellbeing in later life. However, there is little research on how these dimensions are actually related...
June 3, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539686/lifecourse-transitions-gender-and-drinking-in-later-life
#9
Clare Holdsworth, Martin Frisher, Marina Mendonça, Cesar DE Oliveiria, Hynek Pikhart, Nicola Shelton
Older people consume less alcohol than any other adult age group. However, in recent years survey data on alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom have shown that while younger age groups have experienced a decline in alcohol consumption, drinking behaviours among the elderly have not reduced in the same way. This paper uses data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing to analyse both the frequency and quantity of older adult's alcohol consumption using a lifecourse approach over a ten-year period. Overall drinking declined over time and the analysis examined how socio-economic characteristics, partnership, employment and health statuses were associated with differences in drinking behaviours and how these changed over time...
March 2017: Ageing and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524114/bath-ambience-a-mechatronic-system-for-assisting-the-caregivers-of-bedridden-people
#10
Karolina Bezerra, José Machado, Vítor Carvalho, Marcelo Castro, Pedro Costa, Demétrio Matos, Filomena Soares
The health of older people is receiving special attention and dedication nowadays, with the aim of increasing their general wellbeing and quality of life. Studies into different aspects of the care of the elderly have found that emphasis should be given to solving problems related to bathing in different situations and environments. In particular, it is important to develop new assistive technologies to streamline and ease the burden of a caregiver's daily tasks. Generally-speaking, in the case of bedridden patients, bathing is typically carried out manually by a caregiver, using towels, sponges, and a water basin...
May 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516810/the-role-of-meaning-in-life-mediating-the-effects-of-perceived-knowledge-of-stroke-on-depression-and-life-satisfaction-among-stroke-survivors
#11
Esther Ow Chow
OBJECTIVE: Meaning-making is a way of coping when facing adverse events. A paucity of literature suggests other possible factors (e.g. delivery of knowledge) can influence how chronic illness survivors (i.e. stroke survivors in rehabilitation) cope with illness. This article explores the importance and significance of meaning in life as a mediator between perceived stroke knowledge and psychological wellbeing among stroke survivors and how such processes can be applied in practice to promote their psychological wellbeing...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479898/aerobic-exercise-improves-quality-of-life-psychological-well-being-and-systemic-inflammation-in-subjects-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Osama H Al-Jiffri
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease has a destructive drawbacks on the patient and his/her entire family as this disease badly af fects the behavior, cognition and abilities to do activities of daily living (ADL). The physical and mental benefits of exercise are widely known but seldom available to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure quality of life, systemic inflammation and psychological well-being response to aerobic exercises in Alzheimer's...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474752/parents-experiences-of-caring-for-preterm-infants-after-discharge-with-grandmothers-as-their-main-support
#13
Esther Abena Adama, Sara Bayes, Deborah Sundin
AIM: To explore parents of preterm infants' experiences of caring for their preterm infants with the grandmother as their primary support after discharge. BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery is the major cause of high neonatal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is poor neonatal health outcome in the Ghanaian community with some illnesses culturally classified as not-for-hospital. In the community, grandmothers or elderly women provide support for new parents and decide treatment options for sick infants...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469547/factors-predicting-meat-and-meat-products-consumption-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-people-evidence-from-a-consumer-survey-in-switzerland
#14
Alexandra Schmid, Doreen Gille, Patrizia Piccinali, Ueli Bütikofer, Magali Chollet, Themistoklis Altintzoglou, Pirjo Honkanen, Barbara Walther, Helena Stoffers
Background: An adequate diet contributes to health and wellbeing in older age. This is nowadays more important than ever since in industrialised countries the elderly population is growing continually. However, information regarding the consumption behaviour of older persons in Switzerland is limited. Objective: The objective of this investigation was to explore how middle-aged and elderly Swiss view animal products in relation to diet and health, and what factors predict consumption frequency. Design: A representative consumer survey among 632 people over the age of 50 years, living in the German-, French- and Italian-speaking regions of Switzerland was conducted...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458908/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-ethanol-ablation-therapy-for-pancreatic-insulinoma-an-unusual-strategy
#15
Adriana de Sousa Lages, Isabel Paiva, Patrícia Oliveira, Francisco Portela, Francisco Carrilho
SUMMARY: Insulinomas are the most frequent cause of hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia. Although surgical enucleation is the standard treatment, a few other options are available to high-risk patients who are elderly or present with co-morbidities. We present a case report of an 89-year-old female patient who was admitted to the emergency department due to recurrent hypoglycaemia, especially during fasting. Laboratory work-up raised the suspicion of hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia, and abdominal CT scan revealed a 12 mm nodular hypervascular lesion of the pancreatic body suggestive of neuroendocrine tumour...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449084/perceived-quality-of-life-following-elder-mistreatment-in-rural-india
#16
Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Aravindhan Natarajan
Objectives: Using resilience theory, we examined multiple risks (individual, familial, and mistreatment characteristics) and promotive factors (mastery and social support) associated with perceived quality of life following mistreatment and tested two competing models, compensatory and protective models, to explain the role of promotive factors in the mistreatment-wellbeing linkage. Method: Face-to-face interviews were conducted by administering standardized instruments to 897 randomly selected older adults in rural Tamil Nadu, India...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271388/health-related-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Anwar E Ahmed, Alaa S Almuzaini, Mohannad A Alsadhan, Abdulrahman G Alharbi, Hanin S Almuzaini, Yosra Z Ali, Abdul-Rahman Jazieh
Research on Saudi Arabian cancer patients is a priority at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Because there is limited research on the quality of life (QoL) of Saudi Arabian cancer patients, the aim of this study was to identify the predictors of the QoL in a sample of Saudis with cancer. In August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted on 438 patients with a variety of cancer types (145 breast, 109 colorectal, 38 leukemia, 45 lymphoma, and 99 other types) who attended the Oncology Outpatient Clinics at KAMC...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271168/-perception-of-hearing-problems-in-the-older-population
#18
S Moser, W Luxenberger, W Freidl
BACKGROUND: Age-related hearing loss is one of the most common chronic sensory impairments in the older population. This chronic condition is associated with bio-psychosocial consequences such as cognitive decline, depression, withdrawal, isolation, and reduced wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the perception of hearing problems among older women and men (≥55 years) with age-related hearing loss. Furthermore, the association between functional hearing loss and perceived hearing problems was examined...
March 7, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219446/effective-knowledge-translation-approaches-and-practices-in-indigenous-health-research-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Melody E Morton Ninomiya, Donna Atkinson, Simon Brascoupé, Michelle Firestone, Nicole Robinson, Jeff Reading, Carolyn P Ziegler, Raglan Maddox, Janet K Smylie
BACKGROUND: Effective knowledge translation (KT) is critical to implementing program and policy changes that require shared understandings of knowledge systems, assumptions, and practices. Within mainstream research institutions and funding agencies, systemic and insidious inequities, privileges, and power relationships inhibit Indigenous peoples' control, input, and benefits over research. This systematic review will examine literature on KT initiatives in Indigenous health research to help identify wise and promising Indigenous KT practices and language in Canada and abroad...
February 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194194/effect-of-islam-based-religious-program-on-spiritual-wellbeing-in-elderly-with-hypertension
#20
Mahin Moeini, Somaye Sharifi, Mohamed Bagher Kajbaf
BACKGROUND: Lack of spiritual health in patients with hypertension leads to many mental, social, and physical effects, On the other hand, considering the prevalence of hypertension among the elderly, interventions to enhance their spiritual wellbeing is essential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of religious programs based on Islam on spiritual wellbeing in elderly patients with hypertension who referred to the health centers of Isfahan in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
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