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Elderly wellbeing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067816/indoor-temperatures-in-patient-waiting-rooms-in-eight-rural-primary-health-care-centers-in-northern-south-africa-and-the-related-potential-risks-to-human-health-and-wellbeing
#1
Caradee Y Wright, Renée A Street, Nokulunga Cele, Zamantimande Kunene, Yusentha Balakrishna, Patricia N Albers, Angela Mathee
Increased temperatures affect human health and vulnerable groups including infants, children, the elderly and people with pre-existing diseases. In the southern African region climate models predict increases in ambient temperature twice that of the global average temperature increase. Poor ventilation and lack of air conditioning in primary health care clinics, where duration of waiting time may be as long as several hours, pose a possible threat to patients seeking primary health care. Drawing on information measured by temperature loggers installed in eight clinics in Giyani, Limpopo Province of South Africa, we were able to determine indoor temperatures of waiting rooms in eight rural primary health care facilities...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034327/part-2-oral-health-care-for-the-housebound-patient
#2
Diana Critchlow
Oral disease can have a significant impact on the health and wellbeing of the housebound patient. The aetiology of oral conditions such as dental caries and periodontal disease have been well investigated and there is a solid evidence base in how to best prevent their progress. The Department of Health document Delivering better oral health: an evidence-based toolkit for prevention is a valuable resource that outlines the current best preventative evidence in the form of practical advice for clinicians and patients...
January 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010994/pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-secondary-prevention-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-prevprol-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Suzanne Hagen, Cathryn Glazener, Doreen McClurg, Christine Macarthur, Andrew Elders, Peter Herbison, Don Wilson, Philip Toozs-Hobson, Christine Hemming, Jean Hay-Smith, Marissa Collins, Sylvia Dickson, Janet Logan
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor muscle training can reduce prolapse severity and symptoms in women seeking treatment. We aimed to assess whether this intervention could also be effective in secondary prevention of prolapse and the need for future treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial at three centres in New Zealand and the UK. Women from a longitudinal study of pelvic floor function after childbirth were potentially eligible for inclusion...
December 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968836/effects-of-a-peer-assisted-tai-chi-qigong-programme-on-social-isolation-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-chinese-hidden-elders-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Aileen W K Chan, Doris S F Yu, K C Choi, Helen Y L Chan, Eliza M L Wong
BACKGROUND: The term hidden elder is used in Chinese society to describe older adults who are socially isolated and refuse social participation. Substantial evidence has indicated the important role of social isolation in increasing psychiatric morbidity and mortality risks in later life. Innovative service is promptly needed to address the social and psychological health needs of hidden elders. We aimed to test the feasibility and the preliminary effectiveness of a peer-assisted tai-chi-qigong programme in strengthening social networks and enhancing psychosocial wellbeing of Chinese hidden elders...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922776/part-1-diagnosis-of-oral-diseases-in-the-housebound-patient
#5
Diana Critchlow
Oral disease is common the housebound population ( Tomson et al, 2015 ). There can be a significant impact on the wellbeing of a housebound individuals ( Locker et al, 2000 ), who tend to be elderly, with poorer systemic health ( Qiu et al, 2010 ) and barriers to accessing care ( Freeman, 1999 ). Access to dental care can be limited (Fox, 2010) and prevention of oral disease is therefore paramount. Community nurses are in an excellent position to promote good oral care to the housebound patient and to support family in carers in preventing oral disease...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912157/factors-related-to-satisfaction-with-long-term-care-services-among-low-income-korean-elderly-adults-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Chanyeong Kwak, Eunhee Lee, Hyunjung Kim
BACKGROUND: With the growing demand for long-term care (LTC) services, it is increasingly important to explore experience with care. This study examined care satisfaction in a nursing home and at home among low-income elders in South Korea. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 246 elderly recipients of welfare benefits using a proportional stratified sampling method. Two self-reported versions of a questionnaire developed for users of nursing home care and homecare were used...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881145/evaluation-of-efficacy-and-efficiency-of-a-pragmatic-intervention-by-a-social-worker-to-support-informal-caregivers-of-elderly-patients-the-ice-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Astrid Pozet, Catherine Lejeune, Magalie Bonnet, Sandrine Dabakuyo, Michèle Dion, Philippe Fagnoni, Maryse Gaimard, Geneviève Imbert, Virginie Nerich, Audrey Foubert, Morgane Chotard, Marie Bonin, Amélie Anota, Franck Bonnetain
BACKGROUND: Medical progress and the lifestyle modification have prolonged life expectancy, despite the development of chronic diseases. Support and care for older subjects are often provided by a network of informal caregivers composed of family, friends and neighbors, who are essential in helping older persons to continue living at home. It has been shown that the extent and diversity of informal tasks may jeopardize the physical, mental and social wellbeing of caregivers. METHODS/DESIGN: The aim of the Informal Carers of Elderly cohort is to define, through a longitudinal study, profiles of caregivers of older patients with a diagnosis of one of the following diseases: cancer (breast, prostate, colorectal), neurodegenerative diseases (Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and similar diseases), neurovascular diseases (stroke), sensory diseases (age-related macular degeneration (AMD)) and heart disease (heart failure)...
November 3, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809580/treating-malnutrition-in-the-community
#8
Merceline Dera, Diane Woodham
Malnutrition is a clinical and public health problem. It has adverse effects on the physical and psycho-social wellbeing of individuals by predisposing to disease, negatively affecting its outcome and reducing the likelihood of independence. An estimated 3 million people in the UK are affected by malnutrition, most of whom live in the community ( BAPEN, 2011 ). Despite the scale of this problem, it remains under-detected, under-treated, underresourced and often overlooked by those involved in the care of at risks individuals such as the elderly...
November 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763540/a-vision-based-approach-for-building-telecare-and-telerehabilitation-services
#9
Angela Barriga, José M Conejero, Juan Hernández, Elena Jurado, Enrique Moguel, Fernando Sánchez-Figueroa
In the last few years, telerehabilitation and telecare have become important topics in healthcare since they enable people to remain independent in their own homes by providing person-centered technologies to support the individual. These technologies allows elderly people to be assisted in their home, instead of traveling to a clinic, providing them wellbeing and personalized health care. The literature shows a great number of interesting proposals to address telerehabilitation and telecare scenarios, which may be mainly categorized into two broad groups, namely wearable devices and context-aware systems...
October 18, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700698/dance-practice-and-well-being-correlates-in-young-women
#10
Anna Muro, Natàlia Artero
Clinical research has shown the mental health benefits of dance practice. This has become a significant subject of inquiry in psychotherapeutic settings for the elderly and adolescents. However, the relationship between dance practice and correlates of psychological well-being, such as mindfulness and life satisfaction (LS)-two relevant indicators of mental health, has been explored relatively little in young women. The present study contrasted mindfulness and LS in young women (n = 81) who practiced dance regularly in three modern dance schools in the Province of Barcelona with a control group of non-practitioners (n = 120) studying at a university in Barcelona...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678329/pharmacokinetics-of-gentamicin-eluted-from-a-regenerating-bone-graft-substitute-in-vitro-and-clinical-release-studies
#11
M Stravinskas, P Horstmann, J Ferguson, W Hettwer, M Nilsson, S Tarasevicius, M M Petersen, M A McNally, L Lidgren
OBJECTIVES: Deep bone and joint infections (DBJI) are directly intertwined with health, demographic change towards an elderly population, and wellbeing.The elderly human population is more prone to acquire infections, and the consequences such as pain, reduced quality of life, morbidity, absence from work and premature retirement due to disability place significant burdens on already strained healthcare systems and societal budgets.DBJIs are less responsive to systemic antibiotics because of poor vascular perfusion in necrotic bone, large bone defects and persistent biofilm-based infection...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643846/beyond-the-visual-and-verbal-using-participant-produced-photographs-in-research-on-the-surroundings-for-care-at-the-end-of-life
#12
Carol Tishelman, Olav Lindqvist, Senada Hajdarevic, Birgit H Rasmussen, Ida Goliath
The web of relationships between wellbeing and the environments in which people live has long been recognized. However, relatively little research has been conducted about end-of-life surroundings from the perspective of the dying person. In this study, we investigate which aspects of their surroundings are particularly meaningful for the people inhabiting them in the last phases of life, based on participant-produced photographs with follow-up interviews. Twenty-three people were purposefully recruited via specialized in-patient palliative care/hospice units, specialized palliative care home care teams, and residential care facilities for the elderly...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608609/scoping-review-of-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention-interventions-addressed-to-elderly-people
#13
Mariusz Duplaga, Marcin Grysztar, Marcin Rodzinka, Agnieszka Kopec
BACKGROUND: The ageing of modern societies remains one of the greatest challenges for health and social systems. To respond to this challenge, we need effective strategies assuring healthy active life for elderly people. Health promotion and related activities are perceived as a key intervention, which can improve wellbeing in later life. The main aim of this study is the identification and classification of such interventions addressed to older adults and elderly. Therefore, the strategy based on the scoping review as a feasible tool for exploring this domain, summarizing research findings and identifying gaps of evidence, was applied...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594869/quality-of-life-and-palliative-care-needs-of-elderly-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure
#14
Helen Yl Chan, Doris Sf Yu, Doris Yp Leung, Aileen Wk Chan, Elsie Hui
OBJECTIVE: To examine the quality of life and palliative care needs of elderly patients with advanced heart failure (HF). METHODS: This was a correlation descriptive study conducted at a 650-bed sub-acute hospital. Patients who were aged 65 or over, diagnosed with HF of New York Heart Association Class III or IV symptoms, and mentally sound were eligible to the study. The Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale, the overall quality of life single item scale, and the McQill Quality of Life Questionnaire (MQoL), were used for measurement...
July 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548988/-health-wellbeing-and-conviviality-of-the-elderly-the-portuguese-spanish-and-european-situation
#15
Antonio Calha, Salvador Postigo Mota
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the specificities of aging in Portugal and Spain, in contrast to the reality of nineteen countries of the European Union. METHODOLOGY: The senior condition is characterized in different dimensions: health status, the level of wellbeing, conviviality and sense of loneliness. For that we have analyzed the results of the European Social Survey, round 5. RESULTS: In Portugal, compared to Spain, it has been identified in the elderly population: greater financial difficulties, poorer perceived health status and wellbeing but, simultaneously, less limitation in performing activities of daily life...
June 2016: Revista de Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468116/the-influence-of-work-characteristics-emotional-display-rules-and-affectivity-on-burnout-and-job-satisfaction-a-survey-among-geriatric-care-workers
#16
Géraldine Rouxel, Estelle Michinov, Virginie Dodeler
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that geriatric care employees are exposed to a large number of factors that can affect their levels of job satisfaction and occupational stress. Although working with elderly people is emotionally demanding, little research has been done on the role played by perceptions of emotional display rules, alongside more traditional work characteristics and individual factors, in the prediction of geriatric care employees' wellbeing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the role played by work characteristics (job demands, job control, emotional display rules) and individual (affectivity) factors to predict job satisfaction and burnout among French geriatric care nurses...
October 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456006/does-relationship-satisfaction-and-financial-aid-from-offspring-influence-the-quality-of-life-of-older-parents-a-longitudinal-study-based-on-findings-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging-2006-2012
#17
Yeong Jun Ju, Kyu-Tae Han, Tae-Hoon Lee, Woorim Kim, Juyeong Kim, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) in old age is of major importance because the global population is aging rapidly. Offspring support, including financial and emotional support, is important in later life and directly affects the wellbeing of elderly individuals. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between QoL in older parents and offspring support. METHODS: We used baseline data from the 2006-2012 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, from 3,274 individuals aged 65 years or older...
July 26, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331053/effect-of-a-family-oriented-communication-skills-training-program-on-depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-older-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Zahra Ghazavi, Simin Feshangchi, Mousa Alavi, Mahrokh Keshvari
BACKGROUND: Older adults face several physical and psychological problems such as hearing loss, vision loss, and memory loss, which diminish the quality of their communication. Poor communication in turn affects their psychological wellbeing and induces substantial depression, anxiety, and stress. The family has an important role in the mental health of older adults. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of a family-oriented communication skills training program on depression, anxiety, and stress in older adults...
March 2016: Nursing and Midwifery Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330890/progress-in-ambient-assisted-systems-for-independent-living-by-the-elderly
#19
Riyad Al-Shaqi, Monjur Mourshed, Yacine Rezgui
One of the challenges of the ageing population in many countries is the efficient delivery of health and care services, which is further complicated by the increase in neurological conditions among the elderly due to rising life expectancy. Personal care of the elderly is of concern to their relatives, in case they are alone in their homes and unforeseen circumstances occur, affecting their wellbeing. The alternative; i.e. care in nursing homes or hospitals is costly and increases further if specialized care is mobilized to patients' place of residence...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071867/adoption-and-use-of-a-mobile-health-application-in-older-adults-for-cognitive-stimulation
#20
Mobin Yasini, Guillaume Marchand
Serious games could be used to improve cognitive functions in the elderly. We evaluated the adoption of a new tablet application dedicated to cognitive stimulation in the elderly. The Stim'Art application offers various serious games to work different cognitive functions (memory, attention, concentration, etc.). The usage of fifteen older adults was followed for six months. The type of the game, the number of launches for each game, the time spent on each game, the difficulty level, the success rate and perceived well-being of users have been studied and compared at the end of the first and the sixth months...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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