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Physical activity and emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334517/the-effect-of-arthropathies-on-illness-perceptions-coping-strategies-outcomes-and-their-changes-over-time-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#1
Sanne J H van Erp, Mike van der Have, Herma H Fidder, Désirée van der Heijde, Ron Wolterbeek, Daniel W Hommes, Ad A Kaptein, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong
OBJECTIVES: Arthropathies are a common extraintestinal manifestation (EIM) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study evaluated the differences in illness perceptions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes between patients with IBD with and without arthropathies at baseline and examined changes at 12 months in these variables in patients with arthropathies. METHODS: In total, 204 patients with (n=123) and without (n=81) arthropathies completed questionnaires at baseline and after 1 year, assessing illness perceptions, coping strategies, quality of life, and work and activity impairment...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331703/the-effects-of-vortioxetine-on-cognitive-performance-in-working-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-short-term-randomized-double-blind-exploratory-study
#2
Bernhard T Baune, Lasse B Sluth, Christina K Olsen
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a complex disease characterized by emotional, physical and cognitive symptoms. We explored the efficacy of vortioxetine versus placebo on outcomes of cognition, functioning and mood symptoms in working patients with depression, using paroxetine as an active reference. METHODS: Gainfully employed patients (18-65 years, N = 152) with MDD were randomized 1:1:1 to 8 weeks' double-blind, parallel treatment either with vortioxetine (10mg/day) or paroxetine (20mg/day), or with placebo...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330097/learning-situated-emotions
#3
Lauren A M Lebois, Christine D Wilson-Mendenhall, W Kyle Simmons, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Lawrence W Barsalou
From the perspective of constructivist theories, emotion results from learning assemblies of relevant perceptual, cognitive, interoceptive, and motor processes in specific situations. Across emotional experiences over time, learned assemblies of processes accumulate in memory that later underlie emotional experiences in similar situations. A neuroimaging experiment guided participants to experience (and thus learn) situated forms of emotion, and then assessed whether participants tended to experience situated forms of the emotion later...
January 9, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329670/motor-skill-interventions-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Jane J Yu, Cindy H P Sit, Angus F Burnett
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics and effectiveness of motor skill interventions in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and to identify potential moderators of training effects using meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in six databases (CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library, Embase, Eric, PsycInfo, and PubMed) for papers published between 1995 and August 2017 using search items which were grouped in three components (motor skill interventions, DCD, and age group of interest)...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325004/association-between-physical-exercise-and-psychosocial-problems-in-96-617-dutch-adolescents-in-secondary-education-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
J Kuiper, J Broer, J C van der Wouden
Background: Psychosocial problems negatively affect school performance, social skills and mental development. In recent years, researchers have investigated the relationship between physical activity and psychological health. With this large school-based study, we examined whether physically inactive adolescents and slightly active adolescents experience more psychosocial problems compared with active adolescents. Methods: This study is based on the Dutch National Youth Health Monitor...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322861/community-mobility-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#6
Steven Wesselhoff, Timothy A Hanke, Christian C Evans
Background Stroke is the leading cause of severe disability and many survivors report long-term physical or cognitive impairments that may impact their ability to achieve community mobility (CM). PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which people with chronic stroke achieve CM compared to age-matched norms or non-neurologically impaired controls. Methods The StrokEDGE outcome measures were searched to identify validated tools that included >25% of items addressing CM. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Google Scholar, PubMed, PEDro and the Cochrane databases were searched from 2001 to 2015 with the identified outcome measures cross-referenced against search terms related to stroke and CM...
January 11, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319723/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-intensive-care-unit-survivors-experience-of-a-multidisciplinary-outpatient-clinic-in-a-teaching-hospital
#7
Péricles A D Duarte, Jaquilene Barreto Costa, Silvana Trilo Duarte, Sheila Taba, Claudia Regina Felicetti Lordani, Erica Fernanda Osaku, Claudia Rejane Lima Macedo Costa, Dalas Cristina Miglioranza, Daniela Prochnow Gund, Amaury Cesar Jorge
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experience of an outpatient clinic with the multidisciplinary evaluation of intensive care unit survivors and to analyze their social, psychological, and physical characteristics in a low-income population and a developing country. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. Adult survivors from a general intensive care unit were evaluated three months after discharge in a post-intensive care unit outpatient multidisciplinary clinic over a period of 6 years (2008-2014) in a University Hospital in southern Brazil...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318443/standardized-effect-sizes-for-preventive-mobile-health-interventions-in-micro-randomized-trials
#8
Brook Luers, Predrag Klasnja, Susan Murphy
Mobile Health (mHealth) interventions are behavioral interventions that are accessible to individuals in their daily lives via a mobile device. Most mHealth interventions consist of multiple intervention components. Some of the components are "pull" components, which require individuals to access the component on their mobile device at moments when they decide they need help. Other intervention components are "push" components, which are initiated by the intervention, not the individual, and are delivered via notifications or text messages...
January 9, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316618/trajectories-of-emotional-symptoms-and-peer-relationship-problems-in-children-after-nuclear-disaster-evidence-from-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#9
Misari Oe, Masaharu Maeda, Tetsuya Ohira, Shuntaro Itagaki, Mayumi Harigane, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Seiji Yasumura, Kenji Kamiya, Hitoshi Ohto
The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, which occurred in March 2011, is having long-term effects on children. We planned this study to describe the trajectories of emotional symptoms and peer relationship problems in children and to examine potential risks and protective factors over the 35 months following the accident. The sample was 11,791 children in the first to sixth elementary grades. We identified four patterns for emotional symptoms and three patterns for peer relationship problems, using group-based trajectory modelling...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315958/what-leads-to-loneliness-an-integrative-model-of-social-motivational-and-emotional-approaches-in-adolescents
#10
Laura O Gallardo, Jose Martín-Albo, Angel Barrasa
Loneliness has been linked to many physical and mental health problems, especially during adolescence. From evolutionary, social needs, and cognitive approaches, this study examined whether emotional repair, relatedness need, and peer-rated indicators of relations behave in predicting loneliness, considering all approaches together. The sample consisted of 373 adolescents measured longitudinally at three time points. Results of a cross-lagged panel design found that, considering all the influences together, relatedness need showed the highest strength to predict loneliness...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315392/redefining-diabetes-and-the-concept-of-self-management-from-a-patient-s-perspective-implications-for-disease-risk-factor-management
#11
T K Masupe, K Ndayi, L Tsolekile, P Delobelle, T Puoane
The colliding epidemics of non-communicable diseases including diabetes with chronic infectious diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa requires contextualized innovative disease management strategies. This qualitative study conducted in a peri-urban township near Cape Town, South Africa aimed to identify and gain in-depth understanding of contextual and environmental issues pertinent to the patient that could influence Type 2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM) care and self-management. Participants included purposively sampled diabetics or pre-diabetics from the community, PURE study database, facility health club and health care providers...
January 5, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304853/youth-with-chronic-health-problems-how-do-they-fare-in-main-stream-mentoring-programs
#12
Ellen L Lipman, David DeWit, David L DuBois, Simon Larose, Gizem Erdem
BACKGROUND: Youth with chronic physical health problems often experience social and emotional problems. We investigate the relationship between participation in the Big Brothers Big Sisters of Canada community-based mentoring programs (BBBS) and youth social and mood outcomes by youth health status. METHODS: Youth newly enrolled in BBBS were classified by health status (one or more chronic physical health problems without activity limitation, n = 191; one or more chronic physical health problems with activity limitation, n = 94; no chronic health problem or activity limitation, n = 536) and mentoring status (yes/no) at 18 month follow-up...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302796/prehabilitation-a-new-area-of-integration-between-geriatricians-anesthesiologists-and-exercise-therapists
#13
Francesco Carli, Vanessa Ferreira
Surgery in combination with risk factors such as poor physical and nutritional status have detrimental effects on short- and long-term aspects of recovery and quality of life, especially in elderly patients whose functional reserve is limited. Strategies to minimize these effects and accelerate return to baseline levels have focused on the intra- and post-operative period; however, this may not be the most opportune time to intervene. Instead, the preoperative period may be a more emotionally salient and physically enabling time to initiate an intervention aimed at attenuating surgical stress and enhancing recovery after surgery...
January 4, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301561/exploring-narratives-of-resilience-among-seven-males-living-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study
#14
Anne Geard, Marit Kirkevold, Marianne Løvstad, Anne-Kristine Schanke
BACKGROUND: It is a challenge for both individuals and families when an illness or traumatic injury results in a severe spinal cord injury. The on-going physical impairments experienced by persons with spinal cord injury play themselves out over time. Few qualitative studies have explored how health, resilience and wellbeing interplay across time among persons living with the consequences of severe physical injuries. Thus, the aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how individuals with spinal cord injury reflect upon the efforts, strategies and agency they perform to sustain long term resilience and wellbeing...
January 4, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300277/developing-a-core-outcome-domain-set-to-assessing-effectiveness-of-interdisciplinary-multimodal-pain-therapy-the-vapain-consensus-statement-on-core-outcome-domains
#15
Ulrike Kaiser, Christian Kopkow, Stefanie Deckert, Katrin Neustadt, Lena Jacobi, Paul Cameron, Valerio De Angelis, Christian Apfelbacher, Bernhard Arnold, Judy Birch, Anna Bjarnegård, Sandra Christiansen, Amanda Williams C de C, Gudrun Gossrau, Andrea Heinks, Michael Hüppe, Henri Kiers, Ursula Kleinert, Paolo Martelletti, Lance McCracken, Nelleke de Meij, Bernd Nagel, Jo Nijs, Heike Norda, Jasvinder A Singh, Ellen Spengler, Caroline Terwee, Tugwell Peter, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Heike Wandrey, Edmund Neugebauer, Rainer Sabatowski, Jochen Schmitt
Interdisciplinary multimodal pain therapy (IMPT) is a biopsychosocial treatment approach for patients with chronic pain that comprises at least psychological and physiotherapeutic interventions. Core Outcome Sets (COSs) are currently developed in different medical fields to standardize and improve the selection of outcome-domains, and measurement instruments in clinical trials, to make trial results meaningful, to pool trial results, and to allow indirect comparison between interventions. The objective of this study was to develop a COS of patient-relevant outcome-domains for chronic pain in IMPT clinical trials...
December 18, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294807/prevalence-of-elder-polyvictimization-in-the-united-states-data-from-the-national-elder-mistreatment-study
#16
Joah L Williams, Elise H Racette, Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Ron Acierno
Elder abuse, including emotional, physical, sexual, financial, and neglectful mistreatment is widespread in the United States, with as much as 11% of community-residing older adults experiencing some form of abuse in the past year. Little data exist regarding the prevalence of polyvictimization, or experience of multiple forms of abuse, which may exacerbate negative outcomes over that of any one form of victimization in isolation. This study evaluates the prevalence of elder polyvictimization among a nationally representative sample of community-residing U...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291191/experiences-of-unemployment-and-well-being-after-job-loss-during-economic-recession-results-of-a-qualitative-study-in-east-central-sweden
#17
Anne-Sofie Hiswåls, Anneli Marttila, Emelie Mälstam, Gloria Macassa
Introduction: Several studies have revealed an association between unemployment and ill health, and shown that unemployment can affect people differently. This study aimed to provide an understanding of the experiences of unemployment and perceptions of wellbeing among persons who involuntary lost their work during the recent economic recession in Gävle Municipality. Methods: Sixteen unemployed men and women aged 28-62 were interviewed face-to-face. A purposeful sampling strategy was used in order to suit the research question and to increase the variation among informants...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288623/meeting-report-fda-public-meeting-on-patient-focused-drug-development-and-medication-adherence-in-solid-organ-transplant-patients
#18
Robert Ettenger, Renata Albrecht, Rita Alloway, Ozlem Belen, Marc W Cavaillé-Coll, Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Mary Amanda Dew, William E Fitzsimmons, Peter Nickerson, Graham Thompson, Pujita Vaidya
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) held a public meeting and scientific workshop in September 2016 to obtain perspectives from solid organ transplant recipients, family caregivers, and other patient representatives. The morning sessions focused on the impact- of organ transplantation on patients' daily lives and the spectrum of activities undertaken to maintain grafts. Participants described the physical, emotional, and social impacts of their transplant on daily life. They also discussed their post-transplant treatment regimens, including the most burdensome side effects and their hopes for future treatment...
December 30, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278006/relationship-between-disease-activity-and-patient-reported-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-post-hoc-analyses-of-overall-and-japanese-results-from-two-phase-3-clinical-trials
#19
Naoki Ishiguro, Maxime Dougados, Zhihong Cai, Baojin Zhu, Masato Ishida, Masayo Sato, Carol Gaich, Amanda Quebe, Ivaylo Stoykov, Yoshiya Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients with different rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity levels and identify residual symptoms. METHODS: Post hoc analyses of overall and Japanese data from two randomized controlled trials including RA patients with previous inadequate responses to methotrexate (NCT01710358) or no/minimal previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drug treatment (NCT01711359) (sponsor: Eli Lilly and Company). Week 24 assessments were disease activity (Simplified Disease Activity Index, Disease Activity Score/Disease Activity Score 28 joints-erythrocyte sedimentation rate) and PROs (pain visual analog scale [VAS], morning joint stiffness [MJS], Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue, and Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey Physical and Mental Component Scores)...
December 26, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277553/water-intake-reverses-dehydration-associated-impaired-executive-function-in-healthy-young-women
#20
Nina S Stachenfeld, Cheryl A Leone, E Soibhan Mitchell, Eric Freese, Laura Harkness
INTRODUCTION: Healthy women do not always consume Recommended Daily Levels of fluid intake ad libitum. We hypothesized that 1) women lose≥1.0% BW during daily activities, 2) that mild body water loss impairs memory and executive function, 3) water intake to recommended daily levels will improve cognitive function. METHODS: We tested 12 women (26±5yr, 22.5±2.6kg/m2 BMI). Session 1 was a control (CON) session, during which subjects monitored their food and fluid intake (diary) and activity (Fitbit®)...
December 22, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
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