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Physical activity and emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219765/maternal-dipyrone-treatment-during-lactation-in-mice-reduces-maternal-behavior-and-increases-anxiety-like-behavior-in-offspring
#1
Vanessa Barbosa Veronesi, Tatiane Helena Batista, Ana Cláudia Alves Freire Ribeiro, Alexandre Giusti-Paiva, Fabiana Cardoso Vilela
Dipyrone (metamizole), a powerful drug, is widely used as an analgesic and antipyretic; however, the safety of its use during lactation and the potential impact on the offspring are not well established. This study aimed to determine the effect of maternal dipyrone treatment during lactation on offspring development and emotional behavior and on the dam's maternal behavior. Hence, on postnatal day (PND) 2, drinking water only or drinking water containing dipyrone at doses of 100, 300, and 500mg/kg/day, were offered to lactating mothers up to PND9...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217093/mindfulness-training-for-healthy-aging-impact-on-attention-well-being-and-inflammation
#2
REVIEW
Stephanie Fountain-Zaragoza, Ruchika Shaurya Prakash
The growing interest in mindfulness interventions for use in aging samples has been met with promising evidence of cognitive, emotional, and physiological benefits. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the impact of mindfulness training on three areas of functioning in older adults: behavioral and neural correlates of attentional performance, psychological well-being, and systemic inflammation. We have previously proposed that mindfulness training is uniquely suited as a rehabilitative tool for conferring both cognitive and emotional benefits for older adults...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#3
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210964/exploring-partners-experiences-in-living-with-patients-who-undergo-bariatric-surgery
#4
Anna Wallwork, Lynn Tremblay, Monica Chi, Sanjeev Sockalingam
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is effective in assisting persons with severe obesity in achieving significant weight loss and improved health; however, success depends on one's lifelong commitment to lifestyle modifications post-operatively. Life partners can be essential to the success of bariatric patients as they can serve as a primary resource to patients and healthcare teams. This study aimed to explore bariatric patients' partner's experiences in order to help inform clinical practice in bariatric care to better address patient and partner needs...
February 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204862/effect-of-constant-predictable-and-unpredictable-motor-tasks-on-motor-performance-and-blood-markers-of-stress
#5
Laura Kyguoliene, Albertas Skurvydas, Nerijus Eimantas, Neringa Baranauskienė, Dalia Mickeviciene, Daiva Urboniene, Margarita Cernych, Marius Brazaitis
An unfamiliar or novel physical stimulus induces activation of dopaminergic neurons within the brain and greater activity in areas involved in emotion; considering this, we aimed to establish whether unpredictable prolonged (fatiguing) motor task (vs. constant vs. predictable) evokes greater dopaminergic activity, enhances neuromuscular performance, motor accuracy, and perception of effort, and delays overall central fatigue. Fifteen healthy male volunteers (aged 22 ± 4 years) were required to perform 1 of 3 exercise trials (at least 1 week apart) of 100 intermittent isometric contraction (IIC) tasks involving knee extensions at 60° flexion...
February 16, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198327/promoting-healthy-sleep
#6
Nancy Howard
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? The CPD article explored the importance of sleep and its functions. It also discussed the physical and emotional consequences of inadequate sleep, and how to promote healthy sleep behaviours.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194102/facial-expression-related-vmmn-disentangling-emotional-from-neutral-change-detection
#7
Klara Kovarski, Marianne Latinus, Judith Charpentier, Helen Cléry, Sylvie Roux, Emmanuelle Houy-Durand, Agathe Saby, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault, Magali Batty, Marie Gomot
Detection of changes in facial emotional expressions is crucial to communicate and to rapidly and automatically process possible threats in the environment. Recent studies suggest that expression-related visual mismatch negativity (vMMN) reflects automatic processing of emotional changes. In the present study we used a controlled paradigm to investigate the specificity of emotional change-detection. In order to disentangle specific responses to emotional deviants from that of neutral deviants, we presented neutral expression as standard stimulus (p = 0...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188326/incidental-retrieval-of-prior-emotion-mimicry
#8
Ralph Pawling, Alexander J Kirkham, Amy E Hayes, Steven P Tipper
When observing emotional expressions, similar sensorimotor states are activated in the observer, often resulting in physical mimicry. For example, when observing a smile, the zygomaticus muscles associated with smiling are activated in the observer, and when observing a frown, the corrugator brow muscles. We show that the consistency of an individual's facial emotion, whether they always frown or smile, can be encoded into memory. When the individuals are viewed at a later time expressing no emotion, muscle mimicry of the prior state can be detected, even when the emotion itself is task irrelevant...
February 10, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177987/quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome-after-transanal-abdominal-transanal-proctectomy-for-low-rectal-cancer
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
John H Marks, Jean F Salem, Elsa B Valsdottir, Shadi S Yarandi, Gerald J Marks
BACKGROUND: Transanal abdominal transanal proctectomy is a sphincter-preserving procedure designed to avoid colostomy in patients with cancer in the distal third of the rectum. Oncologic outcomes of this procedure have been established. However, data regarding patient satisfaction and quality of life are scant. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life and functional outcomes of patients after transanal abdominal transanal proctectomy...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169824/-agitation-in-people-with-dementia-160-scoping-review-and-putting-the-phenomenon-into-perspective-using-the-comfort-theory-and-the-concept-of-attachment
#10
Corinne Schaub, Diane Morin, Armin von Gunten
<ce:para>Agitation in hospitalized demented patients is troublesome and disruptive for both patients and caregivers. The literature indicates that agitation is strongly related to physical or psychological discomfort and its recent definition includes the additional relation to emotional distress. Hospitalization associated with major cognitive difficulties further activates the need for attachment and security to which caregivers must pay attention. This synthesis review first deals with the evidence related to agitation in people with dementia and its relationship with discomfort...
July 5, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169565/tracing-how-normative-messages-may-influence-physical-activity-intention
#11
René van Bavel, Gabriele Esposito, Tom Baranowski, Néstor Duch-Brown
Normative messages have been shown to increase intention to do physical activity (PA). We traced how 'positive' and 'negative' normative messages influenced PA intention by comparing constructs of the model of goal-directed behaviour with descriptive norms (MGDB+DN) across control and treatment groups in an experiment. 16 to 24 year-old respondents (n=1200) in Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania were asked about their age, sex, and levels of PA before being exposed to positive and negative normative messages and completing a questionnaire with MGDB+DN scales...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169562/does-preschool-physical-activity-and-electronic-media-use-predict-later-social-and-emotional-skills-at-6-8-years-a-cohort-study
#12
Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Kylie Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the associations of preschoolers' health behaviours with their later psychosocial wellbeing. This study investigates the association of 3-5 year-old children's physical activity and electronic media use with their later social-emotional skills (6-8 years). METHODS: Data were collected in 2008/9 and 2011/12 for the Healthy Active Preschool and Primary Years (HAPPY) Study in metropolitan Melbourne. Participants were a random sub-sample (n=108) of the 567 children at follow-up...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167861/self-reported-childhood-maltreatment-and-traumatic-events-among-israeli-patients-suffering-from-fibromyalgia-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Raneen Hellou, Winfried Häuser, Inbal Brenner, Dan Buskila, Giris Jacob, Ori Elkayam, Valerie Aloush, Jacob N Ablin
Objective. The association between Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) and childhood maltreatment and adversity has frequently been proposed but limited data exists regarding the transcultural nature of this association. Methods. 75 Israeli FMS patients and 23 Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients were compared. Childhood maltreatment was assessed by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and potential depressive and anxiety disorders were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-4. FMS severity was assessed by the Widespread Pain Index (WPI), the Symptom Severity Score (SSS), and the FIQ...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158166/abnormal-local-brain-activity-beyond-the-pain-matrix-in-postherpetic-neuralgia-patients-a-resting-state-functional-mri-study
#14
Song Cao, Ganjun Song, Yi Zhang, Peng Xie, Ye Tu, Ying Li, Tian Yu, Buwei Yu
BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) patients suffer debilitating chronic pain, hyperalgesia, and allodynia, as well as emotional disorders such as insomnia, anxiety, and depression. The brain structure and functional basis of PHN are still not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: To identify the changes of regional brain activity in resting-state PHN patients using regional homogeneity (ReHo) and fractional aptitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) methods. Correlations between spontaneous pain intensity and ReHo or fALFF were analyzed...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156596/impact-of-support-group-participation-in-women-with-gynecologic-cancer
#15
Adam Pyrzak, Fengjiao Hu, Ramses F Sadek, Donna Wheatley, Bunja Jane Rungruang, Sharad A Ghamande
: 252 Background: Unlike breast cancer support group literature, there is no data in women with gynecologic cancer who have different perspectives about their disease and therapy. We have a well-established, grass root level support group unique to women with gynecologic cancers that meets monthly. Our goal was to investigate perceived benefits of support group participation. METHODS: We developed an original questionnaire to evaluate the CSRA Gynecologic Oncology Support Group (CGOSG) participant's perceived effects of attending the group on their side effects and disease status which was distributed to patients attending CGOSG meetings...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156449/patient-reported-benefits-of-massage-therapy-as-treatment-for-chemotherapy-related-pain
#16
Alejandro Ramon Carvajal, Regina Cobb, Tanmay Sahai, Diane D'Ambra, Kathi Healey, Maria Soriano-Pisaturo
: 192 Background: Massage Therapy (MT) has been suggested to provide symptom relief of chemotherapy related side effects. Its impact on pain improvement, prevention, and overall quality of life (QoL) is characterized in this study and 2 different pain scales are being compared. METHODS: Patients who were on active chemotherapy and agreed to receive at least one MT session over a 10-week period were included. Wong-Baker Pain scale (WBPS) and Numerical Pain Scale (NPS) were assessed pre and post every session...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155003/discrimination-and-the-hpa-axis-current-evidence-and-future-directions
#17
REVIEW
David Busse, Ilona S Yim, Belinda Campos, Christopher K Marshburn
Numerous studies suggest that discrimination is associated with poor physical and mental health outcomes. Whereas the cardiovascular system has been extensively studied as a potential pathway linking discrimination with disease, the role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis remains understudied. We conducted a systematic review of research on discrimination and related constructs as predictors and correlates of HPA axis activity. Twenty seven studies (10 experimental, 17 observational) met inclusion criteria...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149709/evaluation-of-a-health-promoting-schools-program-in-a-school-board-in-nova-scotia-canada
#18
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Tarra L Penney, Nicole Ata, Lori Munro-Sigfridson, Jane Cunningham, Paul J Veugelers, Kate Storey, Arto Ohinmaa, Sara F L Kirk, Stefan Kuhle
A Health promoting schools (HPS) approach aims to make schools a healthy place through a holistic approach that promotes a supportive 'school ethos' and emphasizes improvements in physical, social, and emotional well-being and educational outcomes. A HPS initiative in rural Nova Scotia (Canada) provided an opportunity for a population-level natural experiment. This study investigated student well-being and health behaviours between schools with and without HPS implementation and schools with high and low school ethos scores...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149361/case-study-of-mental-skills-training-for-a-taekwondo-olympian
#19
TaeHee Lim, David Michael O'Sullivan
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of systematic mental skills training (MST) for a taekwondo gold medallist. Based on MST of other sports, this programme was designed for a single subject who competed in the Olympics. The Korean test of performance strategies, Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes, and a few sessions of interviews were applied to investigate the effect of MST. The pre and post-test mean scores of both the Korean test of performance strategies and Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes were compared...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148697/updating-the-psoriatic-arthritis-psa-core-domain-set-a-report-from-the-psa-workshop-at-omeract-2016
#20
Ana-Maria Orbai, Maarten de Wit, Philip J Mease, Kristina Callis Duffin, Musaab Elmamoun, William Tillett, Willemina Campbell, Oliver FitzGerald, Dafna D Gladman, Niti Goel, Laure Gossec, Pil Hoejgaard, Ying Ying Leung, Chris Lindsay, Vibeke Strand, Désirée M van der Heijde, Bev Shea, Robin Christensen, Laura Coates, Lihi Eder, Neil McHugh, Umut Kalyoncu, Ingrid Steinkoenig, Alexis Ogdie
OBJECTIVE: To include the patient perspective in accordance with the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Filter 2.0 in the updated Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) Core Domain Set for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and longitudinal observational studies (LOS). METHODS: At OMERACT 2016, research conducted to update the PsA Core Domain Set was presented and discussed in breakout groups. The updated PsA Core Domain Set was voted on and endorsed by OMERACT participants...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
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