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mtx lpd

Ruby Matsumoto, Kazushi Numata, Nobutaka Doba, Koji Hara, Makoto Chuma, Hiroyuki Fukuda, Akito Nozaki, Katsuaki Tanaka, Yoshimi Ishii, Shin Maeda
Patients receiving methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of autoimmune disease are at a high risk of developing lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD), the so-called methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (MTX-LPD). We recently performed abdominal ultrasonography (US) in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had developed hepatic dysfunction during the course of MTX therapy; the examination revealed multiple well-demarcated hepatic tumors with slightly irregular borders, the largest one measuring 9 cm in diameter...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Shiro Watanabe, Osamu Manabe, Kenji Hirata, Noriko Oyama-Manabe, Naoya Hattori, Yasuka Kikuchi, Kentaro Kobayashi, Takuya Toyonaga, Nagara Tamaki
BACKGROUND: Methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) is a benign lymphoid proliferation or malignant lymphoma in patients who have been treated with MTX. MTX withdrawal and observation for a short period should be considered in the initial management of patients who develop LPD while on MTX therapy. Here we evaluated the diagnostic accuracy and predictive value of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) for MTX-LPD...
2016: BMC Cancer
Kazuya Ishiguro, Toshiaki Hayashi, Yuka Aoki, Rieko Murakami, Hiroshi Ikeda, Tadao Ishida
Primary bone lymphoma (PBL) is a rare disorder. We herein present a case of other iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (OIIA-LPD) presenting as PBL. A 63-year-old woman was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and had been treated with methotrexate for seven years. Two months before admission, she suffered from pain in the limbs. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple irregular lesions in the bones of the limbs, which showed an uptake of (18)F-FDG on positron emission tomography...
2016: Internal Medicine
Masahiko Fukasawa, Yoshihiro Akazawa, Shigeru Kasugai, Koshi Mikami, Yoshimitsu Saito, Masatoshi Akutsu, Aibi Akashi, Kojiro Ido, Ichiro Maeda, Masahiro Hoshikawa, Izumi Koizuka
Other iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (OIIA-LPD) comprise lymphoid proliferations or lymphomas that arise in patients treated with immunosuppressive drugs for autoimmune diseases, especially rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with methotrexate (MTX). MTX has been increasingly administered to patients with RA, resulting in methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) in patients. We report herein on four cases of patients with RA, who diagnosed with head and neck region...
May 2016: Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
Wederson M Claudino, Bradley Gibson, William Tse, Maxwell Krem, Jaspreet Grewal
Methotrexate (MTX) is a commonly used anti-metabolite agent. Increased risk of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been documented with the prolonged use of immunosuppressive medications such as MTX. This is thought to be the result of immune dysregulation and/or chronic immune stimulation. Most cases of LPDs regress following withdrawal of the offending immunosuppressive agent. We present an interesting and rare case of CD30 and EBV positive CD8 primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (PC-ALCL) in a 66-year-old African American woman...
2016: American Journal of Blood Research
Tomohiro Kameda, Hiroaki Dobashi
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with excess mortality. Especially, malignancy is a major cause of mortality. According to previous reports, the overall incidence of malignancies in RA patients has been reported to be comparable or slightly higher than that in general population. The increased incidence of malignant lymphoma and lung cancer has been reported to be consistent in most studies. The use of some csDMARD was also reported as risk factors for malignancy. Recently, MTX associated lymphoproliferative disorder(MTX-LPD) is one of the important complications in RA treatment...
June 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Yuka Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Kimura, Youichiro Fujitsu, Kuniisa Shinkawa, Hiroko Muta, Koh-Hei Sonoda
PURPOSE: Lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) can develop in patients treated with methotrexate (MTX) and usually respond well to MTX withdrawal. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a relatively rare type of MTX-LPD. The development of MTX-LPD in the orbit has not been previously described. We here report a case of orbital MALT lymphoma that disappeared after MTX withdrawal in a patient treated with MTX for rheumatoid arthritis. CASE: A 78-year-old woman who complained of swelling of the left upper eyelid had been treated with MTX for >8 years for rheumatoid arthritis...
May 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Takefumi Katsuragi, Atsushi Iwashige, Junichi Tsukada
An increased risk of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) has been demonstrated in patients treated with methotrexate (MTX) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been discussed in the pathogenesis of immunodeficiency-associated LPDs. We herein present a RA patient, who developed Burkitt lymphoma during MTX treatment. The patient was a 61-year-old Japanese female with a 10-year history of weekly MTX therapy for RA. She presented with a one-month history of submandibular lymph node swelling and fever...
January 2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Kazuki Ikeda, Takefumi Nakamura, Takahiro Kinoshita, Mikio Fujiwara, Suguru Uose, Hitoshi Someda, Takashi Miyoshi, Katsuhiro Io, Ken-Ichi Nagai
We report the case of a 78-year-old woman with methotrexate-related gastric lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD). The patient had a history of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and had been treated with methotrexate (MTX). Endoscopic examination revealed round elevated lesions in the stomach, and a biopsy specimen showed atypical lymphoid cell proliferation. Immunohistological study found these atypical cells to be positive for L-26 but not for CD3 or EBER. Therefore, we made a diagnosis of MTX-related LPD showing features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...
February 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Grace Y Lam, Brendan P Halloran, Anthea C Peters, Richard N Fedorak
Immunosuppressive agents, such as thiopurines, methotrexate, and biologics, have revolutionized the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, a number of case reports, case control studies and retrospective studies over the last decade have identified a concerning link between immunosuppression and lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs), the oncological phenomenon whereby lymphocytes divide uncontrollably. These LPDs have been associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in which the virus provides the impetus for malignant transformation while immunosuppression hampers the immune system's ability to detect and clear these malignant cells...
November 15, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Asami Abe, Kunihiko Wakaki, Hajime Ishikawa, Satoshi Ito, Akira Murasawa
Methotrexate (MTX) is the first choice disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and is referred to as an "anchor drug"; its use has been steadily increasing annually. However, MTX-related lymphoproliferative diseases (MTX-LPDs) have emerged as important complications in the patients with RA. There have been no reports of intra-articular MTX-LPDs of the patients with RA. Atypical cells were found in the patient's joint fluid by cytological examinations, and MTX-LPDs were suspected...
December 23, 2015: Modern Rheumatology
Shogo Tajima, Yusuke Takanashi, Kenji Koda, Masashi Fukayama
Patients having rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with methotrexate (MTX) are at an increased risk of developing lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) sometimes contributes to the development of MTX-associated LPD. Herein, we report the case of a 64-year-old Japanese woman with RA who showed complications of EBV-positive MTX-associated LPD. This case is exceedingly rare in that the LPD was confined to the lungs and its subclassification was extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Only four cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma in the setting of MTX-associated LPD have ever been reported in the English language literature, only one of which was an extranasal NK/T-cell lymphoma, similar to our case...
December 2015: Pathology International
Hiroshi Ureshino, Chiho Kadota, Kazuya Kurogi, Masaharu Miyahara, Shinya Kimura
Spontaneous regression of methotrexate-related lymphoproliferative disorders (MTX-LPDs) occurs in some patients after withdrawal of MTX. However, the mechanisms by which MTX withdrawal contributes to the spontaneous regression of MTX-LPDs have not been fully elucidated. We herein show that spontaneous regression of MTX-LPDs is associated with the development of significant and transient T-cell large granular lymphocyte (T-LGL) lymphocytosis induced by MTX withdrawal. Since T-LGLs show strong cytotoxicity, their expansion may contribute to the spontaneous regression of lymphoma...
2015: Internal Medicine
Yu Ohkura, Junichi Shindoh, Shusuke Haruta, Daisuke Kaji, Yasunori Ota, Takeshi Fujii, Masaji Hashimoto, Goro Watanabe, Masamichi Matsuda
Primary adrenal lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) is an extremely rare disease that is widely known to be associated with methotrexate (MTX) use in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).A 70-year-old man was incidentally found to have a tumor at the dorsal part of the liver in a medical check-up. He had a history of RA treated with MTX. Abdominal ultrasonography demonstrated a low echoic mass (30 mm in diameter) at the dorsal part of the liver, located close to the inferior vena cava. Preoperative differential diagnoses included intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, adrenal tumor, and hepatic malignant lymphoma, but no definitive diagnosis was reached...
August 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Koichiro Suemori, Hitoshi Hasegawa, Jun Ishizaki, Takuya Matsumoto, Sachiko Onishi, Eiji Sada, Atsuro Sugita, Masaki Yasukawa
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with methotrexate (MTX) sometimes develop lymphoproliferative disease (LPD). MTX-associated LPD can affect nodal or extranodal sites, including the gastrointestinal tract, skin, lungs, kidneys and soft tissues, at almost equal frequency. However, it is very rare for MTX-associated LPD to manifest as multiple nodules in the lungs. We herein report the case of a RA patient who developed MTX-associated LPD with multiple pulmonary nodules during a 5-year course of MTX therapy...
2015: Internal Medicine
Ai Kawahara, Junichi Tsukada, Takahiro Yamaguchi, Takefumi Katsuragi, Takehiro Higashi
Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is an extremely rare disease, frequently associated with viruses such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immune deficiency virus (HIV). On the other hand, an increased risk of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) has been demonstrated in patients treated with immunosuppressive drugs such as methotrexate (MTX) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been discussed in the pathogenesis of the immunodeficiency-associated LPDs...
2015: Biomarker Research
Yumiko Inui, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Kimikazu Yakushijin, Atsuo Okamura, Takaki Shimada, Shingo Yano, Mai Takeuchi, Mitsuhiro Ito, Tohru Murayama, Katsuya Yamamoto, Tomoo Itoh, Keisuke Aiba, Hironobu Minami
No optimum treatment of iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders due to methotrexate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (MTX-LPD) has yet been established, although MTX withdrawal is known to have a substantial effect on tumor regression. Here, we retrospectively analyzed 20 cases of MTX-LPD. Tumor shrinkage occurred in 18 of 20 cases, but only following MTX withdrawal. This tumor regression ratio was considerably better than in previous reports, and appeared due to longer "watchful waiting...
2015: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Kosaku Oda, Mutsuko Minata
INTRODUCTION: TNF-α inhibitors plus MTX appear to have benefit in the longer-term reduction of RA. Boolean long-term remission under drug-free conditions is rare. The therapeutic mechanism and the factor of predicting response have not been clarified yet. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 24-year-old female rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient, who once attained complete remission (CR) with the combination therapy with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitor adalimumab (ADA) and methotrexate (MTX), showed the occurrence of Epstain- Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD)...
2015: SpringerPlus
Noriaki Kawano, Nobuyuki Ono, Sayaka Kawano, Takuro Kuriyama, Shuro Yoshida, Sanshiro Inoue, Kiyoshi Yamashita, Daisuke Himeji, Yoshiya Shimao, Kousuke Marutsuka, Koichi Oshima, Akira Ueda, Fumiko Kawano
Immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) represent a rare life-threatening clinical entity characterized by heterogeneous histological findings that range from polymorphic to monomorphic proliferated abnormal lymphocytes. Currently, there is no standard treatment for LPD. To elucidate the clinical features and treatment outcomes of immunodeficiency-associated LPD patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we retrospectively evaluated 9 cases observed over a 5-year period. The diagnoses of these patients included 5 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, 3 LPD, and 1 mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma...
2014: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology: JCEH
Yuki Tsukazaki, Tsutomu Shinohara, Kumiko Tanaka, Keishi Naruse, Yoshihito Iwahara, Shuji Inoue
Lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) occur more frequently in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with immunosuppressive agents than in the non-RA population. However, the various forms of disease progression have not yet been elucidated in detail. We encountered a case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive atypical polymorphous LPD in the cervical and intraabdominal lymph nodes with hepatosplenomegaly in an 88-year-old female with RA who had taken infliximab and methotrexate (MTX) for six years. Although spontaneous remission occurred following the withdrawal of infliximab and MTX, reversible LPD evolved into hepatosplenic Hodgkin lymphoma without lymphadenopathy presenting as a cholestatic febrile illness...
November 17, 2014: Modern Rheumatology
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