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Omid Mehrpour, Mostafa Jafarzadeh, Mohammad Abdollahi
Every year, about 300,000 people die because of pesticide poisoning worldwide. The most common pesticide agents are organophosphates and phosphides, aluminium phosphide (AlP) in particular. AlP is known as a suicide poison that can easily be bought and has no effective antidote. Its toxicity results from the release of phosphine gas as the tablet gets into contact with moisture. Phosphine gas primarily affects the heart, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and kidneys. Poisoning signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, restlessness, abdominal pain, palpitation, refractory shock, cardiac arrhythmias, pulmonary oedema, dyspnoea, cyanosis, and sensory alterations...
March 2012: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Clevidipine is an ultra-shorting acting, intravenous calcium channel antagonist of the dihydropyridine class. Metabolism by blood and tissue esterases results in a half-life of 1-2 minutes thereby allowing easy titration by i.v. administration. We present preliminary experience with this novel agent to provide controlled hypotension (CH) in a cohort of adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion. METHODS: The records of patients < or = 18 years of age who received clevidipine for CH were retrospectively reviewed...
June 2011: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
Lucas Bauk, Oscar Fiscal López, Gustavo Sánchez Miranda, Guillermo Gloss Abdala, Enrique López Mora, Guillermo Fernández de la Reguera
UNLABELLED: The purpose of this work was to observe the hemodynamic stability on the first 24 hours in 4 patients with ventricular dysfunction (Ejected Fraction < 40 %), considered of high surgical risk, in which 24 at 48 hr before the surgery received an infusion of Levosimendan for 24 hours. This 4 patients was male, with age 55.5+/-7.9 years old, a left ventricle ejection of fraction (LVEF) of 31+/-5.47%; Two of them was underwent to valve replacement, another one to coronary artery bypass graft and the last one patient underwent combined procedure (coronary artery bypass graft surgery and valve replacement)...
October 2004: Archivos de Cardiología de México
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1950: Revue Canadienne de Biologie
F Mandache, V Prodescu, D Mateescu, V Giuroiu, G Creţulescu, G Kover, N Abramescu, A Gherghuţ, P Ky, S Oprescu, E Ciopală, D Stănculescu
In cases with postoperative shock and collapse a constant fall in the concentration of serum cathecholamines was noted. Thus adrenalin was reduced by 77%, noradrenalin by 86.5%, in direct proportion with the fall in the blood pressure, of the pulse amplitude and with the slowing-down (or the arrest) of the microcirculation. The reduction of serum cathecholamines also coincided with a decrease in the amount of buffer bases and of the diuresis. The adrenocortical vasopresor sympathicolithic mixture is indicated in the prolonged arterial hypotension following failure of therapy aimed at filling of the vascular bed associated with the administration of sympathicolytic drugs...
January 1979: Revista de Chirurgie, Oncologie, Radiologie, O.r.l., Oftalmologie, Stomatologie. Chirurgie
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