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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231532/paeonifiorin-sulfonate-as-a-characteristic-marker-for-specifically-inspecting-chinese-patent-medicine-liu-wei-di-huang-wan-contained-sulfur-fumigated-moutan-cortex
#1
Xiu-Yang Li, Fang Long, Jin-Di Xu, Hong Shen, Ming Kong, He Zhu, Ye-Qing Zhang, Song-Lin Li
Sulfur fumigation can induce chemical transformation of bioactive components, consequently the alteration of bioactivities or even toxicities of medicinal herbs. Inspecting Chinese patent medicines (CPM) contained sulfur-fumigated constituent herbs is crucial for ensuring the safety and efficacy of CPM. Paeonifiorin sulfonate is a sulfur-fumigation induced compound of Moutan Cortex (MC), one of the main constituent herbs of a commonly used CPM Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan (LWDHW). Herein, we investigated the approach of paeonifiorin sulfonate as a characteristic marker for specifically inspecting LWDHW potentially contained sulfur-fumigated MC (SFMC)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231440/effects-of-acupressure-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Jing Miao, Xinyou Liu, Chaojun Wu, Hui Kong, Weiping Xie, Kouying Liu
BACKGROUND: Acupressure has been used as an effective way in treating with stomach upset. However the efficacy of acupressure in preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of acupressure on three categories of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. DATA SOURCES: Databases had been retrieved from inception through February 2016 for the randomized controlled trials in accordance with the inclusion criteria, including PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, EMBASE, Science Direct, CINAHL, China Biology Medicine, Chinese National Knowledge infrastructure, Wan Fang and Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230314/approaches-to-enhance-the-teaching-quality-of-experimental-biochemistry-for-mbbs-students-in-tsmu-china
#3
Lijuan Yu, Shuying Yi, Jing Zhai, Zhaojin Wang
With the internationalization of medical education in China, the importance of international students' education in medical schools is also increasing. Except foreign students majoring in Chinese language, English Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBSS) students are the largest group of international students. Based on problems in the teaching process for experimental biochemistry, we designed teaching models adapted to the background of international students and strengthened teachers' teaching ability at Taishan Medical University...
February 23, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229980/acupuncture-improves-intestinal-absorption-of-iron-in-iron-deficient-obese-patients-a-randomized-controlled-preliminary-trial
#4
Xin-Cai Xie, Yan-Qiang Cao, Qian Gao, Chen Wang, Man Li, Shou-Gang Wei
BACKGROUND: Obesity has an adverse effect on iron status. Hepcidin-mediated inhibition of iron absorption in the duodenum is a potential mechanism. Iron-deficient obese patients have diminished response to oral iron therapy. This study was designed to assess whether acupuncture could promote the efficacy of oral iron supplementation for the treatment of obesity-related iron deficiency (ID). METHODS: Sixty ID or ID anemia (IDA) patients with obesity were screened at Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine and were randomly allocated to receive either oral iron replacement allied with acupuncture weight loss treatment (acupuncture group, n = 30) or oral iron combined with sham-acupuncture treatment (control group, n = 30)...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226060/nonpharmacological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure-an-integrative-review
#5
Daniela Reuter do Amaral, Marina Bertelli Rossi, Camila Takao Lopes, Juliana de Lima Lopes
Objective: to identify articles that assessed the effectiveness or efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions to improve quality of life of people with heart failure in the literature. Method: an integrative literature review was performed in Lilacs, MedLine and SciELO databases, including randomized or nonrandomized clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies published between 2003 and 2014, in Portuguese, English or Spanish. Results: twenty-three studies were included...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225023/traditional-chinese-medicine-suppresses-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-by-targeting-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinases-signaling-pathway-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#6
Xingjiang Xiong, Xiaochen Yang, Lian Duan, Wei Liu, Yun Zhang, Yongmei Liu, Pengqian Wang, Shengjie Li, Xiaoke Li
Chinese herbal medicine Bu-Shen-Jiang-Ya decoction (BSJYD) is reported to be beneficial for hypertension. Over expression of extracellular signal regulated kinases (ERK) pathway plays an important role in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This study aimed to observe effects of BSJYD on LVH in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and explore its possible mechanism on regulation of ERK pathway. Sixty 12-week-old SHRs were randomly allocated into 5 groups: BSJYD high dose group, middle dose group, low dose group, captopril group, and control group...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224432/effect-of-triptolide-on-expression-of-oxidative-carbonyl-protein-in-renal-cortex-of-rats-with-diabetic-nephropathy
#7
Xing-Gang Dong, Zeng-Mei An, Yuan Guo, Jia-Liang Zhou, Tao Qin
The traditional Chinese medicine (Tripterygium wilfordiiHook.f., TWH) has been clinically used to treat primary and secondary renal diseases and proteinuria for nearly 40 years. However, there is a rare literature about the effect of triptolide (the main active ingredient of TWH) on the expression of oxidative carbonyl protein (OCP) in diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study aimed to provide experimental evidence for triptolide treatment on DN through its effect on the expression of OCP, in order to investigate the effects of triptolide on the expression of OCP in rats with DN...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224016/characterization-of-major-metabolites-of-polymethoxylated-flavonoids-in-pericarpium-citri-reticulatae-using-liver-microsomes-immobilized-on-magnetic-nanoparticles-coupled-with-uplc-ms-ms
#8
Jun Lei, Ying Xue, Yi-Ming Liu, Xun Liao
The peels of citrus fruits (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, PCR) have long been used in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Polymethoxylated flavonoids (PMFs) were found to be the main components present in PCR extracts, but their metabolism remains unclear which restrain the utilization of this TCM. In the present work, rat liver microsomes were immobilized on magnetic nanoparticles (LMMNPs) for in vitro metabolic study on the whole PMFs of PCR. LMMNPs were characterized by transmission electron microscope and Fourier-transform infrared spectrum...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222521/the-effects-of-lw-afc-on-the-hippocampus-transcriptome-in-senescence-accelerated-mouse-prone-8-strain-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Jianhui Wang, Yang Liu, Xiaorui Cheng, Xiaorui Zhang, Feng Liu, Gang Liu, Shanyi Qiao, Ming Ni, Wenxia Zhou, Yongxiang Zhang, Fei Li
The senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) strain is considered a robust experimental model for developing preventative and therapeutic treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease which cannot be effectively prevented, halted, or cured. Our previous studies showed that LW-AFC, a new formula derived from the classical traditional Chinese medicinal prescription Liuwei Dihuang decoction, ameliorates cognitive deterioration in PrP-hAβPPswe/PS1ΔE9 transgenic mice and SAMP8 mice. This study aims to investigate the mechanism that mediates how LW-AFC improves cognitive deficit on the basis of the transcriptome...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222091/perceived-benefits-and-barriers-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-chinese-american-women
#10
Wei-Chen Tung, Minggen Lu, Michelle Granner
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceived benefits and barriers to cervical cancer screening among Chinese American women using stages of the Transtheoretical Model of Change.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design with self-report surveys. 
. SETTING: Chinese communities (e.g., churches, supermarkets, restaurants) in Northern California and Northern Nevada. 
. SAMPLE: 121 Chinese women aged 21-65 years living in Northern California and Northern Nevada...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220834/stellera-chamaejasme-and-its-constituents-induce-cutaneous-wound-healing-and-anti-inflammatory-activities
#11
Myungsuk Kim, Hee Ju Lee, Ahmad Randy, Ji Ho Yun, Sang-Rok Oh, Chu Won Nho
Stellera chamaejasme L. (Thymelaeaceae) is a perennial herb that is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat tumours, tuberculosis and psoriasis. S. chamaejasme extract (SCE) possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic and wound healing activities; however, the effect of S. chamaejasme and its active compounds on cutaneous wound healing has not been investigated. We assessed full-thickness wounds of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and topically applied SCE for 2 weeks. In vitro studies were performed using HaCaT keratinocytes, Hs68 dermal fibroblasts and RAW 264...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220090/adaptation-and-validation-of-a-chinese-version-of-patient-health-engagement-scale-for-patients-with-chronic-disease
#12
Yaying Zhang, Guendalina Graffigna, Andrea Bonanomi, Kai-Chow Choi, Serena Barello, Pan Mao, Hui Feng
The Patient Health Engagement Scale (PHE-s) was designed to assess the emotional and psychological attitudes of patients' engagement along their healthcare management journey. The aim of this study was to validate a culturally adapted Chinese version of the PHE-s (CPHE-s). Three hundred and seventy-seven participants were recruited from eight community health centers in a sample of patients with chronic disease in Hunan Province, China. The original Italian PHE-s was translated into Mandarin Chinese using a standardized forward-backward translation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219798/integrative-hepatoprotective-efficacy-comparison-of-raw-and-vinegar-baked-radix-bupleuri-using-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-based-metabolomics
#13
Jie Xing, Hui-Min Sun, Jin-Ping Jia, Xue-Mei Qin, Zhen-Yu Li
Radix Bupleuri (RB), with a Chinese name Chaihu, is one of the most popular Traditional Chinese herbal drug. It can be baked with vinegar to afford vinegar-baked Radix Bupleuri (VBRB), which is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for liver diseases treatment. In the present study, nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomic approach was used to compare the liver protective effect of RB and two types of VBRBs, which were prepared by two kinds of vinegar. The contents of 14 metabolites in the liver of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) treated mice were significantly altered in comparison with control group, and VBRB prepared by Shanxi vinegar showed best effect as revealed by the amount and regulatory degree of the perturbed metabolites...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219727/economic-botany-collections-a-source-of-material-evidence-for-exploring-historical-changes-in-chinese-medicinal-materials
#14
Eric Brand, Christine Leon, Mark Nesbitt, Ping Guo, Ran Huang, Hubiao Chen, Li Liang, Zhongzhen Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Many Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs) have changed over centuries of use, particularly in terms of their botanical identity and processing methods. In some cases, these changes have important implications for safety and efficacy in modern clinical practice. As most previous research has focused on clarifying the evolution of CMMs by analyzing traditional Chinese materia medica ("bencao") literature, assessments of historical collections are needed to validate these conclusions with material evidence...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219365/exploration-of-anti-cancer-effects-and-mechanisms-of-zuo-jin-wan-and-its-alkaloid-components-in-vitro-and-in-orthotopic-hepg2-xenograft-immunocompetent-mice
#15
Shun-Ting Chou, Chien-Yun Hsiang, Hsin-Yi Lo, Hui-Fen Huang, Ming-Tsung Lai, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Su-Yin Chiang, Tin-Yun Ho
BACKGROUND: Zuo-Jin-Wan (ZJW), a two-herb formula consisting of Coptis chinensis (CC) and Evodia rutaecarpa (ER), is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cancers. However, the efficacies and mechanisms of ZJW and its alkaloid components on cancers are still unclear. METHODS: Here we investigated the anti-cancer effects and mechanisms of ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine in cells and in intrahepatic xenograft mice. RESULTS: Treatment of HepG2 cells with ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine significantly displayed cytotoxic effects in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
February 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219357/prescription-frequency-and-patterns-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-liver-cancer-patients-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-national-health-insurance-research-database
#16
Chin-Tsung Ting, Chian-Jue Kuo, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Ya-Ling Lee, Tung-Hu Tsai
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is frequently provided to HCC patients. The aim of this study was to understand the prescription frequency and patterns of CHM for HCC patients by analyzing the claims data from the National Health Insurance (NHI) in Taiwan. METHODS: We identified 73918 newly diagnosed HCC subjects from the database of Registry for Catastrophic Illness during 2002 to 2009 and to analyze the frequency and pattern of corresponding CHM prescriptions for HCC patients...
February 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219150/-study-on-anemia-and-vitamin-a-and-vitamin-d-nutritional-status-of-chinese-urban-pregnant-women-in-2010-2012
#17
Y C Hu, J Chen, M Li, R Wang, W D Li, Y H Yang, C Yang, C F Yun, L C Yang, X G Yang
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of anemia and the nutritional status of vitamins A and D by analyzing hemoglobin, serum retinol, and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in Chinese urban pregnant women during 2010-2012. Methods: Data were obtained from the China Nutrition and Health Survey in 2010-2012. Using multi-stage stratified sampling and population proportional stratified random sampling, 2 250 pregnant women from 34 metropolis and 41 middle-sized and small cities were included in this study. Information was collected using a questionnaire survey...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219147/-the-vitamin-d-nutritional-status-in-chinese-urban-women-of-child-bearing-age-from-2010-to-2012
#18
J X Lu, X B Liu, J Chen, Y C Hu, C F Yun, W D Li, R Wang, Y H Yang, D Q Mao, J H Piao, X G Yang, L C Yang
Objective: To evaluate the vitamin D nutritional status in Chinese women of child-bearing age by analyzing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level in 2010-2012. Methods: Data were obtained from the China Nutrition and Health Survey in 2010-2012. Using cluster sampling and proportional stratified random sampling, 1 514 women of child-bearing age (18-44 years old) from 34 metropolis and 41 small and medium-sized cities were included in this study. Demographic information was collected by questionnaire and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration was determined by radioimmunoassay, in accordance with the 2010 Institute of Medicine of the National Academies standards...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219135/-effects-of-prescription-yiqi-huatan-quyu-on-oxidative-stress-level-and-pathological-changes-in-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-rat-liver
#19
X R He, Q C Lin, Q Chen
Objective: To investigate the effects of Yiqi Huatan Quyu prescription on oxidative stress and pathological changes in chronic intermittent hypoxia rats liver. Methods: A total of 24 male SD rats aged eight weeks were randomly divided into 3 groups by the random number table: normal control group (NC), chronic intermittent hypoxia group (CIH) and chronic intermittent hypoxia plus Yiqi Huatan Quyu prescription supplement group (Chinese medicine group, CM)(n=8 each). The CIH group and CIHN group were exposed to intermittent hypoxia every day for 8 consecutive weeks...
February 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218684/ent-abietanoids-isolated-from-isodon-serra
#20
Jun Wan, Hua-Yi Jiang, Jian-Wei Tang, Xing-Ren Li, Xue Du, Yan Li, Han-Dong Sun, Jian-Xin Pu
Four new ent-abietane diterpenoids, along with four known ones were isolated from the aerial parts of Isodon serra, a traditional Chinese folk medicine. The new diterpenoids were named as serrin K (1), xerophilusin XVII (2), and enanderianins Q and R (3 and 4), while the known ones were identified as rubescansin J (5), (3α,14β)-3,18-[(1-methylethane-1,1-diyl)dioxy]-ent-abieta-7,15(17)-diene-14,16-diol (6), xerophilusin XIV (7), and enanderianin P (8), respectively. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and comparison with the literature...
February 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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