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Chinese medicine

Maria Luz Fernandez, Minu Sara Thomas, Bruno S Lemos, Diana M DiMarco, Amanda Missimer, Melissa Melough, Ock K Chun, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Hana Alyousef, Isabel Medina-Vera
BACKGROUND: Telomerase Activator 65 (TA-65), a compound extracted from Astragalus membranaceus has been used in Chinese traditional medicine for extending life span. Scarce information exists on the effects of TA-65 on parameters of metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: We recruited 40 patients with MetS to determine the effects of TA-65 on dyslipidemias, hypertension, and oxidative stress in this at-risk population. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover design in which patients were allocated to consume either 16 mg daily of a TA-65 supplement or a placebo for 12 weeks...
March 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Yanlan Li, Xiaodan Liu, Pengchao Gong, Xin Tian
Bufalin, a key active ingredient of the Chinese medicine Chan Su, inhibits breast cancer tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo. Here we found that the pan-caspase inhibitor zVAD-fmk failed to inhibit bufalin-induced cell death in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells, confirming that the cell death induced by bufalin is caspase-independent. Instead, bufalin increased the expression of the necroptosis mediators RIP1 and RIP3. Bufalin-induced cell death was prevented by small molecule inhibitors of RIP1 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) or genetic knockdown of RIP3 by shRNA transfection...
March 13, 2018: Carcinogenesis
Renping Liu, Peihong Wang, Caiqing Wu, Juan Chen, Chengxin Li, Yongtao Xie, Qi Wang, Jianming Liu, Huan He, Jing Zhu
Hedyotis diffusa Willd (HDW) is a constituent of several Chinese medicines used clinically to treat inflammatory diseases, including airway inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether HDW serves a protective role in suppressing chronic airway inflammation and its underlying mechanisms. A mouse model of chronic smoking was induced via exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) for 30 days, increasing the exposure time for up to 5 min per day and the administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Peijuan Wang, Yan Lu, Si Chen, Yue Chen, Chunping Hu, Yawei Zuo
Autoimmune abnormality is one of the main causes of premature ovarian failure (POF). Bu Shen Huo Xue formula (BSHXF), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, has been clinically used for the treatment of patients with POF in China. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are important in the pathogenesis of autoimmune POF. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the immunoprotective effects of BSHXF on POF and the underlying mechanisms. An experimental autoimmune POF model was induced in B6AF1 mice with zona pellucida 3 (ZP3) fragments...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jingxiao Wang, Xinjie Yang, Haibo Han, Limin Wang, Weiqian Bao, Shanshan Wang, Robert M Hoffman, Meng Yang, Hui Qi, Chao An, Kaiwen Hu
Objective: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly invasive and metastatic, which is in urgent need of transformative therapeutics. Tubeimu (TBM), the rhizome of Bolbostemma paniculatum (Maxim.) Franquet, is one of the Chinese medicinal herbs used for breast diseases since the ancient times. The present study evaluated the efficacy, especially the anti-metastatic effects of the dichloromethane extract of Tubeimu (ETBM) on TNBC orthotopic mouse models and cell lines. Methods: We applied real-time imaging on florescent orthotopic TNBC mice model and tested cell migration and invasion abilities with MDA-MB-231 cell line...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Yi Zheng, Wei Shen, Jian Zhang, Bo Yang, Yao-Nan Liu, Huihui Qi, Xia Yu, Si-Yao Lu, Yun Chen, Yu-Zhou Xu, Yun Li, Fred H Gage, Shuangli Mi, Jun Yao
In the version of this article initially published, the affiliation for Jian Zhang and Shuangli Mi was incomplete. In addition to the Key Laboratory of Genomics and Precision Medicine, they are also affiliated with the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. In Supplementary Fig. 1h,l, the molecular mass marker accompanying Snap25 was labeled 58 kDa; the correct value is 25 kDa. In Supplementary Fig. 9b,c, the top panel was labeled Syt1, with molecular mass markers ranging from 46 to 100 kDa; it is actually Snap25, with molecular mass markers ranging from 17 to 46 kDa...
March 15, 2018: Nature Neuroscience
Wei Li, Navaneethakrishnan Polachi, Xiangyang Wang, Yang Chu, Yuan Wang, Meng Tian, Dekun Li, Dazheng Zhou, Shuiping Zhou, Aichun Ju, Yubo Li, Yanjun Zhang, Min Chen, Luqi Huang, Changxiao Liu
BACKGROUND: The quality of Chinese medicine (CM) has being an active and challenging research area for CM. Prof. Chang-Xiao Liu et al first proposed the concept of quality marker (Q-Marker) for the quality evaluation and control on CM. This article describe the exploratory studies of Q-Marker in salvianolic acids for injection (SAI) based on this new concept. PURPOSE: This study was designed to screen Q-Marker of SAI and establish its quality control method based on the concept of CM Q-Marker...
February 10, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Zhou Hong, Juan Li, Sangita Biswas, Cheng-Shuai Jiang, Yu Huang, Tao Sun, Yang Niu, Jian-Qiang Yu, Wei-Qi Li, Yao Yao
Tamarix ramosissima is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine used for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment in Northwest China. Chemical investigation of EtOH/H2O extracts of T. ramosissima led to the discovery of a new flavonol, ramosissimin (1), together with the known flavonoids compounds quercetin (2), quercetin-3'4'-dimethylether (3) and kaempferol (4). By means of high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (HRESIMS) and 1D and 2D-NMR experiments, and after comparison with literature data, the structures of the compounds were determined...
March 5, 2018: Die Pharmazie
Yan Li, Zhirong Zhang, Junbo Yang, Guanghui Lv
Fritillaria spp. constitute important traditional Chinese medicinal plants. Xinjiang is one of two diversity hotspots in China in which eight Fritillaria species occur, two of which are endemic to the region. Furthermore, the phylogenetic relationships of Xinjiang Fritillaria species (including F. yuminensis) within the genus are unclear. In the present study, we sequenced the chloroplast (cp) genomes of seven Fritillaria species in Xinjiang using the Illumina HiSeq platform, with the aim of assessing the global structural patterns of the seven cp genomes and identifying highly variable cp DNA sequences...
2018: PloS One
Xiao-Fen Ruan, Yong-Jun Li, Cheng-Wei Ju, Yan Shen, Wei Lei, Can Chen, Yang Li, Hong Yu, Yu-Tao Liu, Il-Man Kim, Xiao-Long Wang, Neal L Weintraub, Yao-Liang Tang
Suxiao Jiuxin Pill (SJP) is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome in China, which contains two principal components, tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) and borneol (BOR). Thus far, however, the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of SJP on the cardiac microenvironment are unknown. Cardiac mesenchymal stem cells (C-MSCs) communicate with cardiomyocytes (CMs) through the release of microvesicles (exosomes) to restore cardiac homeostasis and elicit repair, in part through epigenetic regulatory mechanisms...
March 15, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Xiao-Fen Ruan, Cheng-Wei Ju, Yan Shen, Yu-Tao Liu, Il-Man Kim, Hong Yu, Neal Weintraub, Xiao-Long Wang, Yao-Liang Tang
Cardiac mesenchymal stem cells (C-MSCs) are endogenous cardiac stromal cells that play a role in heart repair after injury. C-MSC-derived exosomes (Exo) have shown protective effects against apoptosis induced by acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Suxiao Jiuxin pill (SJP) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula used in China for the treatment of acute myocardial ischemia, which contains tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) and borneol (BOR) as major components. In this study, we investigated whether SJP treatment affected exosome release from C-MSCs in vitro...
March 15, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Jia-Bo Wang, Yun Zhu, Zhao-Fang Bai, Fu-Sheng Wang, Xiu-Hui Li, Xiao-He Xiao
Herb-induced liver injury (HILI) is a type of adverse drug reactions related to using Chinese medicine (CM) or herbal medicine (HM), and is now a growing segment of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) worldwide. Owing to the complicated compositions and miscellaneous risk factors associated with the clinical usage of CM or HM, it is more challenging to diagnose and manage HILI than DILI. In the present guideline issued by the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM), the authors present an evidence chain-based workflow with 9 structured judgment criteria for diagnosing HILI...
March 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Peng Song, Yang Hai, Xin Wang, Longhe Zhao, Baoqiang Chen, Peng Cui, Qinjian Xie, Lan Yu, Yang Li, Zhengrong Wu, Hongyu Li
Realgar (As4 S4 ), as an arsenic sulfide mineral drug, has a good therapeutic reputation for anticancer in Traditional Chinese Medicine, and has recently been reported to inhibit angiogenesis in tumor growth. However, considering the poor solubility and low bioavailability of realgar, large dose of realgar and long period of treatment are necessary for achieving the effective blood medicine concentration. In present study, we resolved the crucial problem of poor solubility of realgar by using intrinsic biotransformation in microorganism, and investigated underlying mechanisms of realgar transforming solution (RTS) for antiangiogenesis...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Cheng-Hung Chuang, Li-Yu Wang, Yuen Man Wong, En-Shyh Lin
Metastatic lung cancer is a leading cause of mortality and has a mortality rate of ≥90%. Isolinderalactone (ILL) is a sesquiterpene lactone compound that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine. Research has demonstrated that ILL has anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative properties; however, to the best of our knowledge, studies investigating whether ILL can inhibit lung cancer cell metastasis have not been conducted. In the present study, 1-10 µM ILL was applied in the culturing of the A549 lung cancer cell line to investigate the effects of ILL on the invasion and migration of lung cancer cells, including whether the possible mechanisms of ILL are associated with the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and NME/NM23 nucleoside diphosphate kinase 1 (NM23-H1) genes...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Jianliang Shen, Linwen Zeng, Liangming Pan, Shaofeng Yuan, Ming Wu, Xiongdong Kong
Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), an effective component of the traditional Chinese medicine Chuanxiong Hort, has been proven to exhibit a beneficial effect in a number of types of malignant epithelial cancer. However, the mode of action of TMP on breast cancer cells remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the regulatory effect of TMP on breast cancer cells and its underlying molecular mechanism of action. Different concentrations of TMP were used to treat breast cancer cells, and subsequently, the effects on the viability, apoptosis, and migration and invasion abilities were determined...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Chengzheng Han, Guozheng Xing, Mengying Zhang, Min Zhong, Zhen Han, Chiyi He, Xiaoping Liu
Wogonoside, the main effective constituent of traditional Chinese medicine Scutellaria , belongs to the glucuronide family, with various functions, including detoxification, anti-inflammation and nourishing gallbladder, lowering blood pressure, diuresis and anti-allergic reactions. However, the effects of wogonoside on human colon cancer cells remain unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the anticancer effect of wogonoside on human colon cancer cells in vitro and its anticancer mechanisms. The results demonstrated that wogonoside significantly inhibited cell growth, induced apoptosis and mitochondrial-mediated autophagy of colon cancer cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Fan-Cheng Meng, Zheng-Feng Wu, Zhi-Qi Yin, Li-Gen Lin, Ruibing Wang, Qing-Wen Zhang
Background: Coptidis rhizoma (CR) is the dried rhizome of Coptis chinensis Franch., C. deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao or C. teeta Wall. (Ranunculaceae) and is commonly used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for the treatment of various diseases including bacillary dysentery, typhoid, tuberculosis, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, empyrosis, pertussis, and other illnesses. Methods: A literature survey was conducted via SciFinder, ScieneDirect, PubMed, Springer, and Wiley databases...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Zhaoheng Liu, Wei Wang, Fang Cao, Shuo Liu, Xinxin Zou, Guodong Li, Haojie Yang, Yang Jiao
Air pollution is the main cause of respiratory diseases. Fine particulates with the diameter below 2.5  μ m can get into the alveoli and then enter the blood circulation through the lung tissue ventilation function and cause multiple systemic diseases especially the respiratory diseases. This study investigated the pathological mechanism of the lungs injury in rats induced by PM2.5 and the effect and mechanism of the Chinese herbal medicine number 2 Feibi Recipe (number 2 FBR) on lungs injury. In this experiment, Wistar rats were used...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Kai Wang, Dongmei Zhang, Yan Liu, Xuan Wang, Jiantong Zhao, Tingting Sun, Tingting Jin, Baoli Li, Janak L Pathak
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula Bi-Qi capsule (Bi-Qi) is a commonly prescribed drug to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the mechanism of Bi-Qi-mediated amelioration of RA pathogenesis is still a mystery. Collagen induced arthritis (CIA) in rats is an established model that shares many similarities with RA in humans. In this study we investigated the effect of Bi-Qi on the pathogenesis of CIA in rats. METHODS: CIA was developed in Sprague-Dawley (S...
March 14, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Peiling Cai, Liuning Li, Hongxi Hong, Liwen Zhang, Chunxia He, Xiaoshu Chai, Bai Liu, Zhijian Chen
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Chinese medicine warm compress (CMWC) on back meridians in relieving cancer pain, reducing adjuvant analgesic doses and adverse reactions, and improving the quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A total of 62 patients (age range 39-82 years) diagnosed with a malignant tumor and suffering from cancer-related pain were randomly divided into a treatment group (group A) and a control group (group B) (n = 31 for each)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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