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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667726/interventions-for-infantile-haemangiomas-of-the-skin
#1
REVIEW
Monica Novoa, Eulalia Baselga, Sandra Beltran, Lucia Giraldo, Ali Shahbaz, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (previously known as strawberry birthmarks) are soft, raised swellings of the skin that occur in 3% to 10% of infants. These benign vascular tumours are usually uncomplicated and tend to regress spontaneously. However, when haemangiomas occur in high-risk areas, such as near the eyes, throat, or nose, impairing their function, or when complications develop, intervention may be necessary. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2011...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667019/what-is-new-in-heart-failure-management-in-2017-update-on-acc-aha-heart-failure-guidelines
#2
REVIEW
Biykem Bozkurt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to provide a summary of the new recommendations in the most recent 2017 ACC/AHA/HFSA Focused Update of the 2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines and the Heart Failure Society of America. The intent is to provide the background and the supporting evidence for the recommendations and to provide practical guidance for management strategies in treatment of heart failure patients...
April 17, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666572/characterization-of-peripheral-activity-states-and-cortical-local-field-potentials-of-mice-in-an-elevated-plus-maze-test
#3
Toya Okonogi, Ryota Nakayama, Takuya Sasaki, Yuji Ikegaya
Elevated plus maze (EPM) tests have been used to assess animal anxiety levels. Little information is known regarding how physiological activity patterns of the brain-body system are altered during EPM tests. Herein, we monitored cortical local field potentials (LFPs), electrocardiograms (ECGs), electromyograms (EMGs), and respiratory signals in individual mice that were repeatedly exposed to EPM tests. On average, mouse heart rates were higher in open arms. In closed arms, the mice occasionally showed decreased heart and respiratory rates lasting for several seconds or minutes, characterized as low-peripheral activity states of peripheral signals...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663822/the-effect-of-intrathecal-sufentanil-preconditioning-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#4
Y Tire, G Sarkilar, H Esen, R Onoglu, S T Uzun
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the cardioprotective effect and hemodynamic response of intrathecally administered sufentanil on myocardial IR injury. BACKGROUND: Sufentanil, mu opioid receptor agonist, intravenously administered during clinical and experimental studies, has been shown to have a cardioprotective effect on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: Thirty-two New Zealand type rabbits, which were anesthetized, were divided into four equal groups: sham, ischemia-reperfusion, sufentanil and ischemia-reperfusion+sufentanil...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663455/frequent-atrial-premature-complexes-during-exercise-a-potent-predictor-of-atrial-fibrillation
#5
Jin Kyung Hwang, Hye Bin Gwag, Seung-Jung Park, Young Keun On, June Soo Kim, Kyoung-Min Park
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of atrial premature complexes (APCs) during exercise is unclear. HYPOTHESIS: Frequent APCs during exercise provides prognostic information. METHODS: A total of 998 patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence of frequent APCs during treadmill testing (>5 beats per stage): the FAPC group (n = 128) vs the non-FAPC group (n = 870). The primary outcome was new-onset atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF/AFL) during follow-up period (356...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661165/midwives-perceptions-on-using-a-fetoscope-and-doppler-for-fetal-heart-rate-assessments-during-labor-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-tanzania
#6
Paschal Francis Mdoe, Hege Langli Ersdal, Estomih Mduma, Robert Moshiro, Hussein Kidanto, Columba Mbekenga
BACKGROUND: The Doppler is thought to be more comfortable and effective compared to the fetoscope for assessing the fetal heart rate (FHR) during labor. However, in a rural Tanzanian hospital, midwives who had easy access to both devices mostly used fetoscope. This study explored midwives' perception of factors influencing their preference for using either a Pinard fetoscope or a FreePlay wind-up Doppler for intermittent FHR monitoring. METHODS: Midwives who had worked for at least 6 months in the labor ward were recruited...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660948/the-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-system-response-to-different-daily-demands-among-patients-at-the-sub-acute-phase-post-ischemic-stroke-and-healthy-controls
#7
Noa Raphaely Beer, Nachum Soroker, Nathan M Bornstein, Michal Katz Leurer
BACKGROUND: Autonomic disturbances are a common phenomenon in patients' post-stroke, characterized by hypo function of the para-sympathetic and/or overactive sympathetic system. The impact of autonomic disturbances on physical therapy tasks during the rehabilitation period has not yet been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To describe the response of the cardiac autonomic nervous system during different tasks, among patients and age-matched healthy controls. METHODS: 19 patients in the subacute phase post first-ever ischemic stroke, and 16 controls...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659539/post-game-high-protein-intake-may-improve-recovery-of-football-specific-performance-during-a-congested-game-fixture-results-from-the-pro-football-study
#8
Athanasios Poulios, Ioannis G Fatouros, Magni Mohr, Dimitrios K Draganidis, Chariklia Deli, Konstantinos Papanikolaou, Apostolos Sovatzidis, Theofano Nakopoulou, Georgios Ermidis, Theofanis Tzatzakis, Vasiliki C Laschou, Kalliopi Georgakouli, Agisilaos Koulouris, Panagiotis Tsimeas, Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Leonidas G Karagounis, Dimitrios Batsilas, Peter Krustrup, Athanasios Z Jamurtas
The effects of protein supplementation on performance recovery and inflammatory responses during a simulated one-week in-season microcycle with two games (G1, G2) performed three days apart were examined. Twenty football players participated in two trials, receiving either milk protein concentrate (1.15 and 0.26 g/kg on game and training days, respectively) (PRO) or an energy-matched placebo (1.37 and 0.31 g/kg of carbohydrate on game and training days, respectively) (PLA) according to a randomized, repeated-measures, crossover, double-blind design...
April 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658894/assessing-mental-stress-from-the-photoplethysmogram-a-numerical-study
#9
Peter H Charlton, Patrick Celka, Bushra Farukh, Phil Chowienczyk, Jordi Alastruey
<b>Objective:</b> Mental stress is detrimental to cardiovascular health, being a risk factor for coronary heart disease and a trigger for cardiac events. However, it is not currently routinely assessed. The aim of this study was to identify features of the photoplethysmogram (PPG) pulse wave which are indicative of mental stress.
 
 <b>Approach:</b> A numerical model of pulse wave propagation was used to simulate blood pressure signals, from which simulated PPG pulse waves were estimated using a transfer function...
April 16, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655977/dexmedetomidine-or-fentanyl-cardiovascular-stability-and-analgesia-during-propofol-ketamine-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-in-experimental-pigs
#10
Andreas Lervik, Joanna Raszplewicz, Birgit Ranheim, Susanna Solbak, Simen F Toverud, Henning A Haga
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiovascular function and response to nociception during total intravenous anaesthesia in pigs with propofol, ketamine and either dexmedetomidine or fentanyl administered as a continuous infusion. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, randomized, balanced, crossover study ANIMALS: Eight immunocastrated male, mixed breed pigs with a mean ± standard deviation body weight of 26.4 ± 1.9 kg for dexmedetomidine and 27.5 ± 3.8 kg for fentanyl treatment...
December 5, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652390/integrated-catheter-for-simultaneous-radio-frequency-ablation-and-optoacoustic-monitoring-of-lesion-progression
#11
Johannes Rebling, Francisco Javier Oyaga Landa, Xosé Luís Deán-Ben, Alexandre Douplik, Daniel Razansky
Radio frequency (RF) catheter ablation is commonly used to eliminate dysfunctional cardiac tissue by heating via an alternating current. Clinical outcomes are highly dependent on careful anatomical guidance, electrophysiological mapping, and careful RF power titration during the procedure. Yet, current treatments rely mainly on the expertise of the surgeon to assess lesion formation, causing large variabilities in the success rate. We present an integrated catheter design suitable for simultaneous RF ablation and real-time optoacoustic monitoring of the forming lesion...
April 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652271/prophylactic-preoperative-levosimendan-for-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-dysfunction-single-centered-randomized-prospective-study
#12
Pushkar Mahendra Desai, Manjula S Sarkar, Sanjeeta R Umbarkar
Background: Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) is often complicated by hemodynamic instability, especially in patients with prior left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and appropriate choice of inotrope plays a vital role in perioperative management of these patients. Aim and Objective: To study hemodynamic effects and immediate outcome of prophylactic infusion of levosimendan in patients with the LV dysfunction undergoing OPCAB surgery and whether this strategy helps in successful conduct of OPCAB surgery...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651595/heart-rate-variability-for-rapid-risk-stratification-of-emergency-patients-with-malignant-disease
#13
K Boehm, M Duckheim, L Mizera, P Groga-Bada, N Malek, F Kreth, M Gawaz, C S Zuern, C Eick
INTRODUCTION: Neoplasms are the second most common diseases in western countries. Many patients with malignant diseases repeatedly present themselves in the emergency department (ED). Due to limited capacities, appropriate risk stratification strategies for cancer patients have to be developed. This study assesses if deceleration capacity (DC) of heart rate as a parameter of heart rate variability predicts mortality in emergency patients with malignant diseases. METHODS: Prospectively, 140 adults with different entities of malignant diseases who presented in the medical ED were included...
April 12, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650506/evaluating-the-validity-of-current-mainstream-wearable-devices-in-fitness-tracking-under-various-physical-activities-comparative-study
#14
Junqing Xie, Dong Wen, Lizhong Liang, Yuxi Jia, Li Gao, Jianbo Lei
BACKGROUND: Wearable devices have attracted much attention from the market in recent years for their fitness monitoring and other health-related metrics; however, the accuracy of fitness tracking results still plays a major role in health promotion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a host of latest wearable devices in measuring fitness-related indicators under various seminatural activities. METHODS: A total of 44 healthy subjects were recruited, and each subject was asked to simultaneously wear 6 devices (Apple Watch 2, Samsung Gear S3, Jawbone Up3, Fitbit Surge, Huawei Talk Band B3, and Xiaomi Mi Band 2) and 2 smartphone apps (Dongdong and Ledongli) to measure five major health indicators (heart rate, number of steps, distance, energy consumption, and sleep duration) under various activity states (resting, walking, running, cycling, and sleeping), which were then compared with the gold standard (manual measurements of the heart rate, number of steps, distance, and sleep, and energy consumption through oxygen consumption) and calculated to determine their respective mean absolute percentage errors (MAPEs)...
April 12, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649509/cybersickness-related-changes-in-brain-hemodynamics-a-pilot-study-comparing-transcranial-doppler-and-near-infrared-spectroscopy-assessments-during-a-virtual-ride-on-a-roller-coaster
#15
Alireza Mazloumi Gavgani, Rachel H X Wong, Peter R C Howe, Deborah M Hodgson, Frederick R Walker, Eugene Nalivaiko
Our aim was to assess cerebral blood flow changes during cybersickness. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) were used separately in two independent experiments. In both studies, a 15-min virtual roller coaster ride was used as a provocative visual stimulus. Subjective nausea ratings were obtained at 1 min intervals. The TCD study was performed in 14 healthy subjects (8 males and 6 females); in this study we also measured heart rate and arterial pressure. In a separate study a 52-channel NIRS device (Hitachi ETG-4000) was used to monitor activated brain regions by measuring oxy-hemoglobin (HbO2) concentration in 9 healthy subjects (4 male, 5 females)...
April 9, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649028/does-the-incidence-of-postoperative-complications-after-inguinal-hernia-repair-justify-hospital-admission-in-prematurely-and-term-born-infants
#16
Marina Massoud, A Y Rosalie Kühlmann, Monique van Dijk, Lonneke M Staals, Rene M H Wijnen, Joost van Rosmalen, Cornelius E J Sloots, Claudia M G Keyzer-Dekker
BACKGROUND: Postoperatively, young infants are admitted overnight in view of the risk for respiratory complications such as desaturation and apnea. This risk seems much lower than previously reported. Until what age this risk persists, and which infants might actually qualify for day-care treatment, is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical charts from preterm infants <45 weeks postconceptional age (PCA), 45-60 weeks PCA, and term infants <3 months admitted overnight after inguinal hernia repair, from January 2011 to December 2015 in a large tertiary children's hospital...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644805/role-of-autonomic-nervous-activity-as-measured-by-heart-rate-variability-on-the-effect-of-mortality-in-disabled-older-adults-with-low-blood-pressure-in-long-term-care
#17
Koji Shibasaki, Sumito Ogawa, Shizuru Yamada, Yasuyoshi Ouchi, Masahiro Akishita
AIM: Previous studies have shown the relationship between low blood pressure and high mortality in frail, disabled older adults in long-term care. However, the mechanism of this relationship is still unclear. We hypothesized that autonomic nervous activity decline is involved in the relationship between low blood pressure and high mortality. METHODS: The present prospective cohort study recruited 61 participants aged ≥75 years. The data from 24-h Holter monitoring and blood pressure recorded by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were collected...
April 11, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644721/application-of-a-sensitive-and-specific-lc-esi-ms-ms-method-for-the-simultaneous-quantification-of-twelve-bioactive-components-in-dog-plasma-for-an-intravenous-pharmacokinetic-study-of-yiqifumai-injection-in-beagle-dogs
#18
Fugeng Zhang, Xiaoli Qiao, Hui Lu, Shaoqiang Zhang, Wuxun Du, Xuefeng Xiao
Yiqifumai injection is a lyophilized powder preparation widely used to treat coronary heart disease. However, its in vivo bioactive components and pharmacokinetic behaviors remain unknown. Therefore a sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantification of eight saponins and four lignans in beagle dog plasma. The plasma samples were pretreated by protein precipitation with methanol:acetonitrile (1:1, v/v). Chromatographic separation of all the twelve analytes and estazolam (internal standard, IS) was successfully accomplished on a Ultimate® XB-C8 column (100 mm × 2...
April 12, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643339/desynchronization-of-diurnal-rhythms-in-bipolar-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
Oliver Carr, Kate E A Saunders, Amy C Bilderbeck, Athanasios Tsanas, Niclas Palmius, John R Geddes, Russell Foster, Maarten De Vos, Guy M Goodwin
It has long been proposed that diurnal rhythms are disturbed in bipolar disorder (BD). Such changes are obvious in episodes of mania or depression. However, detailed study of patients between episodes has been rare and comparison with other psychiatric disorders rarer still. Our hypothesis was that evidence for desynchronization of diurnal rhythms would be evident in BD and that we could test the specificity of any effect by studying borderline personality disorder (BPD). Individuals with BD (n = 36), BPD (n = 22) and healthy volunteers (HC, n = 25) wore a portable heart rate and actigraphy device and used a smart-phone to record self-assessed mood scores 10 times per day for 1 week...
April 12, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642817/rheumatic-heart-disease-in-timor-leste-school-students-an-echocardiography-based-prevalence-study
#20
Kimberly Davis, Bo Remenyi, Anthony Dk Draper, Januario Dos Santos, Noel Bayley, Elizabeth Paratz, Benjamin Reeves, Alan Appelbe, Andrew Cochrane, Timothy D Johnson, Laura M Korte, Ivonia M Do Rosario, Inez T Da Silva Almeida, Kathryn V Roberts, Jonathan R Carapetis, Joshua R Francis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in school-aged children and young people in Timor-Leste. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional survey. Echocardiography was performed by Australian cardiologists to determine the presence of RHD. Demographic data were also collected. Patients in whom RHD was detected were entered into a register to allow monitoring of adherence to secondary prophylaxis; the first dose of benzathine penicillin G (BPG) was administered on the day of screening...
April 16, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
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