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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534228/glove-changing-practices-of-mall-food-vendors-in-new-jersey
#1
Corey H Basch, Miryam Z Wahrman, Sarah A MacLean, Alan Quisido, Carlo Ponsica, Nandish Patel
Gloves can serve as barriers to decrease the transfer of microorganisms from hands to food. Glove changing by food vendors is particularly important when handling paper currency, as bills can carry and transmit microbes from person to person. The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) To ascertain the extent to which gloves are changed after monetary transactions in food vendors at a major mall in New Jersey; and (2) to document the level of bacterial contamination and the presence of coliform bacteria on paper currency handled by these vendors...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521648/an-exploratory-study-of-the-experience-of-fibromyalgia-diagnosis-in-south-africa
#2
Silvie Cooper, Leah Gilbert
Within the conceptual framework of 'medically-ill-defined' conditions, this article focuses on the experiences of 'diagnosis' through a narrative analysis of fibromyalgia (a chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder) in South Africa. In-depth interviews were used to collect narratives from 15 participants. The findings show how the contested and confusing experience of fibromyalgia diagnosis can be understood, by viewing the interactions that patients have with their practitioners, families, peers and colleagues...
May 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498843/when-bitcoin-encounters-information-in-an-online-forum-using-text-mining-to-analyse-user-opinions-and-predict-value-fluctuation
#3
Young Bin Kim, Jurim Lee, Nuri Park, Jaegul Choo, Jong-Hyun Kim, Chang Hun Kim
Bitcoin is an online currency that is used worldwide to make online payments. It has consequently become an investment vehicle in itself and is traded in a way similar to other open currencies. The ability to predict the price fluctuation of Bitcoin would therefore facilitate future investment and payment decisions. In order to predict the price fluctuation of Bitcoin, we analyse the comments posted in the Bitcoin online forum. Unlike most research on Bitcoin-related online forums, which is limited to simple sentiment analysis and does not pay sufficient attention to note-worthy user comments, our approach involved extracting keywords from Bitcoin-related user comments posted on the online forum with the aim of analytically predicting the price and extent of transaction fluctuation of the currency...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491867/metabolic-reprogramming-in-glioma
#4
REVIEW
Marie Strickland, Elizabeth A Stoll
Many cancers have long been thought to primarily metabolize glucose for energy production-a phenomenon known as the Warburg Effect, after the classic studies of Otto Warburg in the early twentieth century. Yet cancer cells also utilize other substrates, such as amino acids and fatty acids, to produce raw materials for cellular maintenance and energetic currency to accomplish cellular tasks. The contribution of these substrates is increasingly appreciated in the context of glioma, the most common form of malignant brain tumor...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479996/activity-specific-metabolic-rates-for-diving-transiting-and-resting-at-sea-can-be-estimated-from-time-activity-budgets-in-free-ranging-marine-mammals
#5
Tiphaine Jeanniard-du-Dot, Andrew W Trites, John P Y Arnould, John R Speakman, Christophe Guinet
Time and energy are the two most important currencies in animal bioenergetics. How much time animals spend engaged in different activities with specific energetic costs ultimately defines their likelihood of surviving and successfully reproducing. However, it is extremely difficult to determine the energetic costs of independent activities for free-ranging animals. In this study, we developed a new method to calculate activity-specific metabolic rates, and applied it to female fur seals. We attached biologgers (that recorded GPS locations, depth profiles, and triaxial acceleration) to 12 northern (Callorhinus ursinus) and 13 Antarctic fur seals (Arctocephalus gazella), and used a hierarchical decision tree algorithm to determine time allocation between diving, transiting, resting, and performing slow movements at the surface (grooming, etc...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460925/willingness-to-pay-more-for-value-added-pomegranate-juice-punica-granatum-l-an-open-ended-contingent-valuation
#6
Karen Rodrigues Romano, Fernanda Dias Bartolomeu Abadio Finco, Amauri Rosenthal, Marcus Vinicius Alves Finco, Rosires Deliza
This study aimed at estimating the consumer's willingness to pay (WTP) more for value-added pomegranate juice using the contingent valuation method (CVM). The WTP was estimated applying the open-ended elicitation technique with 454 consumers in two supermarkets located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The average consumer's WTP more for pomegranate juice was estimated in R$2.04 (Brazilian currency) and the income elasticity coefficient at the midpoint was 0.19, i.e., a 10% increase in consumer income will increase, on average, 1...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452739/-experimental-model-and-currency-of-experiment-of-distant-results-of-lead-exposition
#7
G Pataraia, T Bagashvili, G Andronikashvili, T Gurashvili, K Gogeshvili, M Avalishvili
In order to explore the distant results of exposition of little doses of lead, for the objective of the experiment model we have selected 32 mongral rats, of different age, but aged of both sex. Experimental animals were divided in two groups. During first two month from the beginning of the experiment, together with permissible food, animals were given the water, in which was open Pb(NO3)2 - to first group 1.5 mg on kg/weight and to II group 15 mg on kg/weight during the day and night. Before the beginning of the experiment, in the time of process and after it, observation was conducted, description and collection of photo-video materials about the behavior of animals, physiological parameters, possible change of weight, clear-sighted changes in appearance...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450856/toward-a-metagenomic-understanding-on-the-bacterial-composition-and-resistome-in-hong-kong-banknotes
#8
Yoshitaro Heshiki, Thrimendra Dissanayake, Tingting Zheng, Kang Kang, Ni Yueqiong, Zeling Xu, Chinmoy Sarkar, Patrick C Y Woo, Billy K C Chow, David Baker, Aixin Yan, Christopher J Webster, Gianni Panagiotou, Jun Li
Currency is possibly one of the main media transmitting pathogens and drug resistance due to its wide circulation in daily life. In this study, we made a comprehensive characterization of the bacterial community present on banknotes collected from different geographical regions of Hong Kong (HK) by performing in vitro characterization of the bacterial presence and resistome profile, as well as metagenomic analysis including microbial diversity, the prevalence of potential pathogens, the dissemination potential of antibiotic-resistance genes (ARGs), among others...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435303/economic-benefit-of-back-titration-in-the-treatment-of-hypertension-in-jos-nigeria
#9
Basil N Okeahialam, Michael A Adeniyi
PURPOSE: Treatment of hypertension is expensive and cost is one of the reasons for inadequate blood pressure control. Where there are no social cost cushions, the burden is borne by patients. With pervasive poverty and inadequate control, complications are unchecked. Back titration in appropriate circumstances should, therefore, translate to economic benefit. This is an attempt to compute, in economic terms, the benefit of back titration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients who entered an antihypertensive back titration program for 12 months and who had been earlier reported on, form the subject of this study...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433256/evolution-and-patterns-of-global-health-financing-1995-2014-development-assistance-for-health-and-government-prepaid-private-and-out-of-pocket-health-spending-in-184-countries
#10
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: An adequate amount of prepaid resources for health is important to ensure access to health services and for the pursuit of universal health coverage. Previous studies on global health financing have described the relationship between economic development and health financing. In this study, we further explore global health financing trends and examine how the sources of funds used, types of services purchased, and development assistance for health disbursed change with economic development...
May 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416823/-identification-of-a-new-pro-invasion-factor-in-tumor-microenvironment-progress-in-function-and-mechanism-of-extracellular-atp
#11
W G Fang, X X Tian
Up to 90% of all cancer related morbidity and mortality can be attributed to metastasis. In recent years the study of tumor microenvironment, its cellular and molecular components, and how they can affect neoplastic progression toward metastasis, has become a hot focus in cancer research. Accumulated evidence shows that the formation of metastasis is a multi-step sequential process, in which, the tumor cells continuously interact with the host microenvironment. Host derived factors, i.e. growth factors/inhibitors, angiogenic factors, chemokines, etc...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415138/the-roles-of-valuation-and-reward-processing-in-cognitive-function-and-psychiatric-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Sébastien Hélie, Farzin Shamloo, Keisha Novak, Dan Foti
In neuroeconomics, valuation refers to the process of assigning values to states and actions on the basis of the animal's current representation of the environment, while reward processing corresponds to processing the feedback received from the environment to update the values of states and actions. In this article, we review the brain circuits associated with valuation and reward processing and argue that these are fundamental processes critical to many cognitive functions. Specifically, we focus on the role of valuation and reward processing in attention, memory, decision making, and learning...
May 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384336/filthy-lucre-a-metagenomic-pilot-study-of-microbes-found-on-circulating-currency-in-new-york-city
#13
Julia M Maritz, Steven A Sullivan, Robert J Prill, Emre Aksoy, Paul Scheid, Jane M Carlton
BACKGROUND: Paper currency by its very nature is frequently transferred from one person to another and represents an important medium for human contact with-and potential exchange of-microbes. In this pilot study, we swabbed circulating $1 bills obtained from a New York City bank in February (Winter) and June (Summer) 2013 and used shotgun metagenomic sequencing to profile the communities found on their surface. Using basic culture conditions, we also tested whether viable microbes could be recovered from bills...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375645/the-fit-game-iii-reducing-the-operating-expenses-of-a-game-based-approach-to-increasing-healthy-eating-in-elementary-schools
#14
Damon Joyner, Heidi J Wengreen, Sheryl S Aguilar, Lori Andersen Spruance, Brooke A Morrill, Gregory J Madden
OBJECTIVE: Previously published versions of the healthy eating "FIT Game" were administered by teachers in all grades at elementary schools. The present study evaluated whether the game would retain its efficacy if teachers were relieved of this task; presenting instead all game materials on visual displays in the school cafeteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 572 children attending two Title 1 elementary schools (grades K-5). Following a no-intervention baseline period in which fruit and vegetable consumption were measured from food waste, the schools played the FIT Game...
April 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370293/a-framework-for-predicting-impacts-on-ecosystem-services-from-sub-organismal-responses-to-chemicals
#15
REVIEW
Valery E Forbes, Chris J Salice, Bjorn Birnir, Randy J F Bruins, Peter Calow, Virginie Ducrot, Nika Galic, Kristina Garber, Bret C Harvey, Henriette Jager, Andrew Kanarek, Robert Pastorok, Steve F Railsback, Richard Rebarber, Pernille Thorbek
Protection of ecosystem services is increasingly emphasized as a risk-assessment goal, but there are wide gaps between current ecological risk-assessment endpoints and potential effects on services provided by ecosystems. The authors present a framework that links common ecotoxicological endpoints to chemical impacts on populations and communities and the ecosystem services that they provide. This framework builds on considerable advances in mechanistic effects models designed to span multiple levels of biological organization and account for various types of biological interactions and feedbacks...
April 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368709/using-the-pictorial-representation-of-illness-and-self-measure-prism-to-quantify-and-compare-suffering-from-trauma-and-addiction
#16
Tim Kok, Hein A De Haan, Tom Sensky, Margreet van der Meer, Cornelis A J De Jong
OBJECTIVE: In a sample of people with substance use disorder who had experienced psychological trauma, this study aimed to quantify differences in perceived suffering due to addiction-related problems and to trauma-related problems. METHODS: The sample comprised 146 inpatients with substance use disorder: 25% had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 21% had subthreshold PTSD; and the remainder constituted the trauma-only group. PTSD, substance use disorder, and suffering were assessed using validated instruments...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359273/a-comparison-of-generic-drug-prices-in-seven-european-countries-a-methodological-analysis
#17
Olivier J Wouters, Panos G Kanavos
BACKGROUND: Policymakers and researchers frequently compare the prices of medicines between countries. Such comparisons often serve as barometers of how pricing and reimbursement policies are performing. The aim of this study was to examine methodological challenges to comparing generic drug prices. METHODS: We calculated all commonly used price indices based on 2013 IMS Health data on sales of 3156 generic drugs in seven European countries. RESULTS: There were large differences in generic drug prices between countries...
March 31, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357171/value-based-care-in-the-worldwide-battle-against-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Niloufer J Johansen, Christobel M Saunders
Globally, an increasing and aging population is contributing to the prevalence of cancer. To be effective, cancer care needs to involve the coordination of multidisciplinary specialties, and also needs to be affordable, accessible, and capable of producing optimal patient outcomes. Porter and Teisberg (2006) have postulated that shifting current healthcare strategies from volume-based to patient-centric care redirects economic competition to providing treatments which promote the best patient outcomes while driving down costs...
February 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344971/how-to-train-a-cell-cutting-edge-molecular-tools
#19
REVIEW
Jakub Czapiński, Michał Kiełbus, Joanna Kałafut, Michał Kos, Andrzej Stepulak, Adolfo Rivero-Müller
In biological systems, the formation of molecular complexes is the currency for all cellular processes. Traditionally, functional experimentation was targeted to single molecular players in order to understand its effects in a cell or animal phenotype. In the last few years, we have been experiencing rapid progress in the development of ground-breaking molecular biology tools that affect the metabolic, structural, morphological, and (epi)genetic instructions of cells by chemical, optical (optogenetic) and mechanical inputs...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336748/the-sweet-side-of-ampk-signaling-regulation-of-gfat1
#20
John W Scott, Jonathan S Oakhill
Maintaining a steady balance between nutrient supply and energy demand is essential for all living organisms and is achieved through the dynamic control of metabolic processes that produce and consume adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP), the universal currency of energy in all cells. A key sensor of cellular energy is the adenosine-5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is the core component of a signaling network that regulates energy and nutrient metabolism. AMPK is activated by metabolic stresses that decrease cellular ATP, and functions to restore energy balance by orchestrating a switch in metabolism away from anabolic pathways toward energy-generating catabolic processes...
March 23, 2017: Biochemical Journal
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