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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208733/a-survey-on-banknote-recognition-methods-by-various-sensors
#1
REVIEW
Ji Woo Lee, Hyung Gil Hong, Ki Wan Kim, Kang Ryoung Park
Despite a decrease in the use of currency due to the recent growth in the use of electronic financial transactions, real money transactions remain very important in the global market. While performing transactions with real money, touching and counting notes by hand, is still a common practice in daily life, various types of automated machines, such as ATMs and banknote counters, are essential for large-scale and safe transactions. This paper presents studies that have been conducted in four major areas of research (banknote recognition, counterfeit banknote detection, serial number recognition, and fitness classification) in the accurate banknote recognition field by various sensors in such automated machines, and describes the advantages and drawbacks of the methods presented in those studies...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195155/how-native-and-alien-metal-cations-bind-atp-implications-for-lithium-as-a-therapeutic-agent
#2
Todor Dudev, Cédric Grauffel, Carmay Lim
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the major energy currency of the cell, exists in solution mostly as ATP-Mg. Recent experiments suggest that Mg(2+) interacts with the highly charged ATP triphosphate group and Li(+) can co-bind with the native Mg(2+) to form ATP-Mg-Li and modulate the neuronal purine receptor response. However, it is unclear how the negatively charged ATP triphosphate group binds Mg(2+) and Li(+) (i.e. which phosphate group(s) bind Mg(2+)/Li(+)) and how the ATP solution conformation depends on the type of metal cation and the metal-binding mode...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194545/to-stop-the-erosion-of-hope-the-dmard-category-and-the-place-of-semantics-in-modern-rheumatology
#3
Jonas Kure Buer
The category of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) emerged in the 1970s to describe drugs capable of altering the long-term destructive course of arthritis. It became a core concept in rheumatology's reorientation towards pharmaceuticals in the late twentieth century. By examining the earliest use of the term "disease-modifying" in scientific publications, this paper identifies the drugs that the category described when it first emerged. Leaning on systematic reviews of each of these drugs towards the end of their career in rheumatology, it then establishes that posterity would not recognize any of these early DMARDs as capable of altering the long-term course of the disease...
February 13, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194429/intracellular-assessment-of-atp-levels-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#4
Konstantinos Palikaras, Nektarios Tavernarakis
Eukaryotic cells heavily depend on adenosine triphosphate (ATP) generated by oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) within mitochondria. ATP is the major energy currency molecule, which fuels cell to carry out numerous processes, including growth, differentiation, transportation and cell death among others (Khakh and Burnstock, 2009). Therefore, ATP levels can serve as a metabolic gauge for cellular homeostasis and survival (Artal-Sanz and Tavernarakis, 2009; Gomes et al., 2011; Palikaras et al., 2015). In this protocol, we describe a method for the determination of intracellular ATP levels using a bioluminescence approach in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans...
December 5, 2016: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190414/untrained-consumer-assessment-of-the-eating-quality-of-european-beef-2-demographic-factors-have-only-minor-effects-on-consumer-scores-and-willingness-to-pay
#5
S P F Bonny, G E Gardner, D W Pethick, P Allen, I Legrand, J Wierzbicki, L J Farmer, R J Polkinghorne, J-F Hocquette
The beef industry must become more responsive to the changing market place and consumer demands. An essential part of this is quantifying a consumer's perception of the eating quality of beef and their willingness to pay for that quality, across a broad range of demographics. Over 19 000 consumers from Northern Ireland, Poland, Ireland and France each tasted seven beef samples and scored them for tenderness, juiciness, flavour liking and overall liking. These scores were weighted and combined to create a fifth score, termed the Meat Quality 4 score (MQ4) (0...
February 13, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188119/incidence-and-economic-burden-of-acute-otitis-media-in-children-aged-up-to-5years-in-three-middle-eastern-countries-and-pakistan-a-multinational-retrospective-observational-study
#6
Ghulam Mustafa, Amal Y Al Aidaroos, Idris S Al Abaidani, Kinga Meszaros, Kusuma Gopala, Mehmet Ceyhan, Mohamad Al-Tannir, Rodrigo DeAntonio, Shyam Bawikar, Johannes E Schmidt
Epidemiological data on acute otitis media (AOM), an infectious disease frequently affecting children, are lacking in some countries. This study was undertaken to assess the incidence of AOM in children ≤5years in Saudi Arabia, Oman, Pakistan, and Turkey, as well as the economic burden from a parent/caregiver perspective. Medical records of 4043 children (Saudi Arabia=1023, Oman=998, Pakistan=1022, Turkey=1000) were retrospectively reviewed and the incidence of AOM episodes calculated from suspected and confirmed cases...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186027/expanding-the-reach-of-continuing-educational-offerings-through-a-web-based-virtual-network-the-experience-of-inspirenet
#7
Noreen C Frisch, Pat Atherton, Elizabeth M Borycki, Grace Mickelson, Agnes Black, Helen Novak Lauscher, Jennifer Cordeiro
Virtual platforms using webinars, e-posters, e-newsletters, wikis and blogs connect people who have common interests in new ways. When those individuals are healthcare providers, a professional network that operates on a virtual platform can support their needs for learning, professional development and information currency. The practice of e-learning for continuing professional development is emerging , particularly in nursing where shift work shift inhibits their ability to attend conferences and classes...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185698/progression-of-authorship-of-scientific-articles-in-the%C3%A2-journal-of-hand-surgery-1985-2015
#8
Alex Gu, Neil Almeida, Jordan S Cohen, Kathryn M Peck, Gregory A Merrell
PURPOSE: For scientists, authorship is academic currency. Authorship characteristics have been studied in a subset of the surgical and medical literature, but trends in the specialty of hand surgery have not yet been investigated. Specifically, a longitudinal analysis of number, educational training, sex, and geographical origin of authors has not been conducted. We explored the progression of authorship of scientific articles in a leading hand surgery journal. METHODS: We recorded number of authors, number of references, degrees, and sex of the first and senior authors as well as geographical origin of the corresponding author in The Journal of Hand Surgery in 1985, 1995, 2005, and 2015...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166254/establishing-a-cost-per-result-of-laboratory-based-reflex-cryptococcal-antigenaemia-screening-crag-in-hiv-patients-with-cd4-counts-less-than-100-cells-%C3%AE-l-using-a-lateral-flow-assay-lfa-at-a-typical-busy-cd4-laboratory-in-south-africa
#9
Naseem Cassim, Kathryn Schnippel, Lindi Marie Coetzee, Deborah Kim Glencross
INTRODUCTION: Cryptococcal meningitis is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in countries with high HIV prevalence, primarily affecting patients whose CD4 are < = 100 cells/μl. Routine Cryptococcal Antigen (CrAg) screening is thus recommended in the South African HIV treatment guidelines for all patients with CD4 counts < = 100 cells/μl, followed by pre-emptive anti-fungal therapy where CrAg results are positive. A laboratory-based reflexed CrAg screening approach, using a Lateral Flow Assay (LFA) on remnant EDTA CD4 blood samples, was piloted at three CD4 laboratories...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131146/the-collaborative-improvement-model-an-interpretive-study-of-revising-a-curriculum
#10
Catherine M Nosek, Martha M Scheckel, Theresa Waterbury, Ann MacDonald, Nancee Wozney
Curriculum revisions in nursing programs are necessary to maintain currency and ensure that nursing students are prepared to competently practice nursing. Yet, the research for curriculum revisions in nursing education is sparse, leaving nursing educators with a thin evidence base upon which to revise curricula. The purpose of this phenomenological and hermeneutical study was to understand the experiences of faculty members and students who used the Collaborative Improvement Model (CIM) at a midwestern nursing department as an approach to revise their curriculum...
January 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118779/martyrs-never-die
#11
Julie Alev Dilmaç
The new technologies have changed the rituals related to death: Creation of memorial webpages and of virtual tombs, celebration of death anniversaries are now common currency on the Internet. In spite of their disappearance among the living, the deceased continue to exist on the Web. They still receive messages from their relatives but also from strangers and are at the heart of discussions, prolonging their presence. New technologies have led to a new concept of time and of "where life ends." Through the analysis of Facebook's accounts devoted to Turkish martyrs, this article aimed to describe the new funeral rituals seen on the Internet...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113165/controlling-seizures-through-chemogenetics-a-new-technique-may-provide-a-more-precise-way-of-targeting-faulty-circuitry-in-the-brain
#12
Michele Solis
Electricity is the currency of our nervous systems. Thinking and planning, walking and talking, eating and sleeping-all our mental and physical activities are driven by electrical signals moving through the brain. This electrical traffic ebbs and flows in consistent patterns across different brain regions, carrying information from one neuron to the next.
September 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103152/using-facebook-for-sexual-health-social-marketing-in-conservative-asian-countries-a-systematic-examination
#13
Zain-Ul-Abdin Khawaja, Khudejah Iqbal Ali, Shanze Khan
Social marketing related to sexual health is a problematic task, especially in religiously and/or culturally conservative countries. Social media presents a possible alternative channel for sexual health efforts to disseminate information and engage new users. In an effort to understand how well sexual health campaigns and organizations have leveraged this opportunity, this study presents a systematic examination of ongoing Facebook-based sexual health efforts in conservative Asian countries. It was discovered that out of hundreds of sexual health organizations identified in the region, less than half had created a Facebook page...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076853/pyruvate-dehydrogenase-expression-is-negatively-associated-with-cell-stemness-and-worse-clinical-outcome-in-prostate-cancers
#14
Yali Zhong, Xiaoli Li, Yasai Ji, Xiaoran Li, Yaqing Li, Dandan Yu, Yuan Yuan, Jian Liu, Huixiang Li, Mingzhi Zhang, Zhenyu Ji, Dandan Fan, Jianguo Wen, Mariusz Adam Goscinski, Long Yuan, Bin Hao, Jahn M Nesland, Zhenhe Suo
Cells generate adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP), the major currency for energy-consuming reactions, through mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and glycolysis. One of the remarkable features of cancer cells is aerobic glycolysis, also known as the "Warburg Effect", in which cancer cells rely preferentially on glycolysis instead of mitochondrial OXPHOS as the main energy source even in the presence of high oxygen tension. One of the main players in controlling OXPHOS is the mitochondrial gatekeeperpyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHc) and its major subunit is E1α (PDHA1)...
January 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070338/-pseudomonas-saudiphocaensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-currency-notes-collected-during-the-hajj-pilgrimage-in-2012-at-makkah-saudi-arabia
#15
E I Azhar, A Papadioti, F Bibi, A M Ashshi, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Pseudomonas saudiphocaensis' strain 20_BN(T) (CSUR P1224), a new species of the Pseudomonas genus that was isolated from currency notes collected during the Hajj pilgrimage in 2012 at Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062878/-an-unusual-finding-of-two-coins-together-in-the-esophagus-of-pediatric-patients-report-of-two-cases
#16
Alexis Ormeño Julca
The ingestion of foreign bodies (EB) is a frequent complaint in the Pediatric Emergency Services. Studies report that in children occurs 80% of the EC, most frequently between 6 months and 3 years old and the second held because of urgent endoscopy in pediatrics. In 80-90% of cases the CE spontaneously passes through the upper gastrointestinal tract, however occasionally staying in the esophagus and should be removed to avoid dangerous complications such as obstruction or perforation of the upper digestive tract bleeding, ulcers, or fistulas...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046059/donor-financing-of-global-mental-health-1995-2015-an-assessment-of-trends-channels-and-alignment-with-the-disease-burden
#17
F J Charlson, J Dieleman, L Singh, H A Whiteford
BACKGROUND: A recent report by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) highlights that mental health receives little attention despite being a major cause of disease burden. This paper extends previous assessments of development assistance for mental health (DAMH) in two significant ways; first by contrasting DAMH against that for other disease categories, and second by benchmarking allocated development assistance against the core disease burden metric (disability-adjusted life year) as estimated by the Global Burden of Disease Studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039096/assessment-of-cognitive-emotional-and-motor-domains-in-patients-with-diffuse-gliomas-utilizing-the-nih-toolbox-battery
#18
Stefan Lang, Magalie Cadeaux, Micheal Opoku-Darko, Ismael Gaxiola-Valdez, Lisa A Partlo, Bradley G Goodyear, Paolo Federico, John Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Brain tumor patients are known to have deficits in cognitive, motor, and emotional domains. Comprehensive evaluation of the brain tumor patient includes taking into account all these domains at baseline and throughout treatment. However, standard neuropsychological assessment methods are lengthy, expensive, and are often variable. The authors appraised the feasibility of using a brief, inexpensive, comprehensive and standardized neuropsychological battery, the NIH Toolbox, to assess these domains in patients with diffuse glioma...
December 27, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024105/assessing-and-managing-multiple-risks-in-a-changing-world-the-roskilde-recommendations
#19
Henriette Selck, Peter B Adamsen, Thomas Backhaus, Gary T Banta, Peter K H Bruce, G Allen Burton, Michael B Butts, Eva Boegh, John J Clague, Khuong V Dinh, Neelke Doorn, Jonas S Gunnarsson, Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, Charles Hazlerigg, Agnieszka D Hunka, John Jensen, Yan Lin, Susana Loureiro, Simona Miraglia, Wayne R Munns, Farrokh Nadim, Annemette Palmqvist, Robert A Rämö, Lauren P Seaby, Kristian Syberg, Stine R Tangaa, Amalie Thit, Ronja Windfeld, Maciej Zalewski, Peter M Chapman
Roskilde University (Denmark) hosted a November 2015 workshop, Environmental Risk-Assessing and Managing Multiple Risks in a Changing World. This Focus article presents the consensus recommendations of 30 attendees from 9 countries regarding implementation of a common currency (ecosystem services) for holistic environmental risk assessment and management; improvements to risk assessment and management in a complex, human-modified, and changing world; appropriate development of protection goals in a 2-stage process; dealing with societal issues; risk-management information needs; conducting risk assessment of risk management; and development of adaptive and flexible regulatory systems...
January 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000966/dirty-money-the-role-of-moral-history-in-economic-judgments
#20
Arber Tasimi, Susan A Gelman
Although traditional economic models posit that money is fungible, psychological research abounds with examples that deviate from this assumption. Across eight experiments, we provide evidence that people construe physical currency as carrying traces of its moral history. In Experiments 1 and 2, people report being less likely to want money with negative moral history (i.e., stolen money). Experiments 3-5 provide evidence against an alternative account that people's judgments merely reflect beliefs about the consequences of accepting stolen money rather than moral sensitivity...
December 21, 2016: Cognitive Science
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