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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103152/using-facebook-for-sexual-health-social-marketing-in-conservative-asian-countries-a-systematic-examination
#1
Zain-Ul-Abdin Khawaja, Khudejah Iqbal Ali, Shanze Khan
Social marketing related to sexual health is a problematic task, especially in religiously and/or culturally conservative countries. Social media presents a possible alternative channel for sexual health efforts to disseminate information and engage new users. In an effort to understand how well sexual health campaigns and organizations have leveraged this opportunity, this study presents a systematic examination of ongoing Facebook-based sexual health efforts in conservative Asian countries. It was discovered that out of hundreds of sexual health organizations identified in the region, less than half had created a Facebook page...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076853/pyruvate-dehydrogenase-expression-is-negatively-associated-with-cell-stemness-and-worse-clinical-outcome-in-prostate-cancers
#2
Yali Zhong, Xiaoli Li, Yasai Ji, Xiaoran Li, Yaqing Li, Dandan Yu, Yuan Yuan, Jian Liu, Huixiang Li, Mingzhi Zhang, Zhenyu Ji, Dandan Fan, Jianguo Wen, Mariusz Adam Goscinski, Long Yuan, Bin Hao, Jahn M Nesland, Zhenhe Suo
Cells generate adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP), the major currency for energy-consuming reactions, through mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and glycolysis. One of the remarkable features of cancer cells is aerobic glycolysis, also known as the "Warburg Effect", in which cancer cells rely preferentially on glycolysis instead of mitochondrial OXPHOS as the main energy source even in the presence of high oxygen tension. One of the main players in controlling OXPHOS is the mitochondrial gatekeeperpyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHc) and its major subunit is E1α (PDHA1)...
January 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070338/-pseudomonas-saudiphocaensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-currency-notes-collected-during-the-hajj-pilgrimage-in-2012-at-makkah-saudi-arabia
#3
E I Azhar, A Papadioti, F Bibi, A M Ashshi, D Raoult, E Angelakis
We report here the main characteristics of 'Pseudomonas saudiphocaensis' strain 20_BN(T) (CSUR P1224), a new species of the Pseudomonas genus that was isolated from currency notes collected during the Hajj pilgrimage in 2012 at Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062878/-an-unusual-finding-of-two-coins-together-in-the-esophagus-of-pediatric-patients-report-of-two-cases
#4
Alexis Ormeño Julca
The ingestion of foreign bodies (EB) is a frequent complaint in the Pediatric Emergency Services. Studies report that in children occurs 80% of the EC, most frequently between 6 months and 3 years old and the second held because of urgent endoscopy in pediatrics. In 80-90% of cases the CE spontaneously passes through the upper gastrointestinal tract, however occasionally staying in the esophagus and should be removed to avoid dangerous complications such as obstruction or perforation of the upper digestive tract bleeding, ulcers, or fistulas...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046059/donor-financing-of-global-mental-health-1995-2015-an-assessment-of-trends-channels-and-alignment-with-the-disease-burden
#5
F J Charlson, J Dieleman, L Singh, H A Whiteford
BACKGROUND: A recent report by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) highlights that mental health receives little attention despite being a major cause of disease burden. This paper extends previous assessments of development assistance for mental health (DAMH) in two significant ways; first by contrasting DAMH against that for other disease categories, and second by benchmarking allocated development assistance against the core disease burden metric (disability-adjusted life year) as estimated by the Global Burden of Disease Studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039096/assessment-of-cognitive-emotional-and-motor-domains-in-patients-with-diffuse-gliomas-utilizing-the-nih-toolbox-battery
#6
Stefan Lang, Magalie Cadeaux, Micheal Opoku-Darko, Ismael Gaxiola-Valdez, Lisa A Partlo, Bradley G Goodyear, Paolo Federico, John Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Brain tumor patients are known to have deficits in cognitive, motor, and emotional domains. Comprehensive evaluation of the brain tumor patient includes taking into account all these domains at baseline and throughout treatment. However, standard neuropsychological assessment methods are lengthy, expensive, and are often variable. The authors appraised the feasibility of using a brief, inexpensive, comprehensive and standardized neuropsychological battery, the NIH Toolbox, to assess these domains in patients with diffuse glioma...
December 27, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024105/assessing-and-managing-multiple-risks-in-a-changing-world-the-roskilde-recommendations
#7
Henriette Selck, Peter B Adamsen, Thomas Backhaus, Gary T Banta, Peter K H Bruce, G Allen Burton, Michael B Butts, Eva Boegh, John J Clague, Khuong V Dinh, Neelke Doorn, Jonas S Gunnarsson, Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, Charles Hazlerigg, Agnieszka D Hunka, John Jensen, Yan Lin, Susana Loureiro, Simona Miraglia, Wayne R Munns, Farrokh Nadim, Annemette Palmqvist, Robert A Rämö, Lauren P Seaby, Kristian Syberg, Stine R Tangaa, Amalie Thit, Ronja Windfeld, Maciej Zalewski, Peter M Chapman
Roskilde University (Denmark) hosted a November 2015 workshop, Environmental Risk-Assessing and Managing Multiple Risks in a Changing World. This Focus article presents the consensus recommendations of 30 attendees from 9 countries regarding implementation of a common currency (ecosystem services) for holistic environmental risk assessment and management; improvements to risk assessment and management in a complex, human-modified, and changing world; appropriate development of protection goals in a 2-stage process; dealing with societal issues; risk-management information needs; conducting risk assessment of risk management; and development of adaptive and flexible regulatory systems...
January 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000966/dirty-money-the-role-of-moral-history-in-economic-judgments
#8
Arber Tasimi, Susan A Gelman
Although traditional economic models posit that money is fungible, psychological research abounds with examples that deviate from this assumption. Across eight experiments, we provide evidence that people construe physical currency as carrying traces of its moral history. In Experiments 1 and 2, people report being less likely to want money with negative moral history (i.e., stolen money). Experiments 3-5 provide evidence against an alternative account that people's judgments merely reflect beliefs about the consequences of accepting stolen money rather than moral sensitivity...
December 21, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997328/pathological-jealousy-an-interactive-condition
#9
Mary V Seeman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to describe the psychopathology, antecedents, and current management of pathological jealousy from an interpersonal perspective. METHOD: The Google Scholar database was searched with the following terms: delusional jealousy; morbid jealousy; paranoid jealousy; pathological jealousy; Othello syndrome; delusional disorder-jealous type; conjugal paranoia. From a total of 600 articles, 40 were selected based on their currency and pertinence to the interpersonal aspects of jealousy...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997292/intergenerational-care-perceptions-of-older-women-and-middle-adolescents-in-a-resource-constrained-community-in-south-africa
#10
Vera Roos, Sonia Oosthuizen, Tonette De Jager
This study describes intergenerational care perceptions in a resource-challenged community. Ten women (aged 60+) and eight middle adolescents (3 boys and 5 girls) participated in the Mmogo-method®, a visual data-collection method. Textual data were analyzed thematically and visual data by applying steps proposed by Roos and Redelinghuys (2016). Findings confirmed that both groups provided physical and instrumental care to the other. Older women also cared for adolescents by teaching and disciplining them, while the adolescents cared for older people by obtaining an education and by showing respect...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996080/digest-on-the-temporal-evolution-of-reproductive-isolation1
#11
Spencer Ingley
Speciation research has long focused on understanding how reproductive barriers-sometimes referred to as the "currency" of speciation-contribute to genetic isolation between divergent lineages (Coyne and Orr 2004). These reproductive barriers include those that occur before mating takes place (e.g., sexual, habitat, and temporal isolation) and after (e.g., gametic incompatibility, hybrid sterility, and sexual/ecological selection against hybrids). Given that the speciation process is typically too long to observe in its entirety, researchers often approach the problem of understanding how barriers evolve by studying barriers between taxa at different stages of divergence...
December 20, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966201/the-demographics-and-diving-behaviour-of-dan-asia-pacific-members-with-and-without-pre-existing-medical-conditions
#12
John Lippmann, David McD Taylor, Christopher Stevenson, Simon Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: This report examines Diver Alert Network Asia-Pacific (DAN AP) members with and without cardiac or respiratory conditions, diabetes or hypertension and compares their demographics, health and diving activities. METHODOLOGY: Two online cross-sectional surveys of DAN AP members were conducted. The first sought information from 833 divers who applied for membership between July 2009 and August 2013 and who had declared the targeted medical conditions...
December 2016: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938631/an-evaluation-of-the-competencies-of-primary-health-care-clinic-nursing-managers-in-two-south-african-provinces
#13
Pascalia O Munyewende, Jonathan Levin, Laetitia C Rispel
BACKGROUND: Managerial competencies to enhance individual and organisational performance have gained currency in global efforts to strengthen health systems. Competent managers are essential in the implementation of primary health care (PHC) reforms that aim to achieve universal health coverage. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the competencies of PHC clinic nursing managers in two South African provinces. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two South African provinces...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933152/ensuring-availability-of-in-date-and-fit-for-purpose-emergency-guidelines-in-all-anaesthetic-areas-throughout-the-south-east-scotland-deanery
#14
Elise Hindle
Our aim was to institute a system whereby emergency anaesthetic guidelines are available in >90% of appropriate clinical areas throughout each of the acute hospital sites in three health board administrative regions, and whereby >90% of available guidelines are deemed to be in date and fit for purpose. Our objective was to achieve these targets within 6 months. Using quality improvement methodology, we inventoried available emergency anaesthetic guidelines in 132 locations throughout seven acute care hospitals...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#15
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908605/direct-health-care-costs-associated-with-obesity-in-chinese-population-in-2011
#16
Jingcheng Shi, Yao Wang, Wenwei Cheng, Hui Shao, Lizheng Shi
AIMS: Overweight and obesity are established major risk factors for type 2 diabetes, and major public health concerns in China. This study aims to assess the economic burden associated with overweight and obesity in the Chinese population ages 45 and older. METHODS: The Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2011 included 13,323 respondents of ages 45 and older living in 450 rural and urban communities across China. Demographic information, height, weight, direct health care costs for outpatient visits, hospitalization, and medications for self-care were extracted from the CHARLS database...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895218/a-new-approach-to-identify-high-burnout-medical-staffs-by-kernel-k-means-cluster-analysis-in-a-regional-teaching-hospital-in-taiwan
#17
Yii-Ching Lee, Shian-Chang Huang, Chih-Hsuan Huang, Hsin-Hung Wu
This study uses kernel k-means cluster analysis to identify medical staffs with high burnout. The data collected in October to November 2014 are from the emotional exhaustion dimension of the Chinese version of Safety Attitudes Questionnaire in a regional teaching hospital in Taiwan. The number of effective questionnaires including the entire staffs such as physicians, nurses, technicians, pharmacists, medical administrators, and respiratory therapists is 680. The results show that 8 clusters are generated by kernel k-means method...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886085/dirty-money-a-matter-of-bacterial-survival-adherence-and-toxicity
#18
Frank Vriesekoop, Jing Chen, Jenna Oldaker, Flavien Besnard, Reece Smith, William Leversha, Cheralee Smith-Arnold, Julie Worrall, Emily Rufray, Qipeng Yuan, Hao Liang, Amalia Scannell, Cryn Russell
In this study we report the underlying reasons to why bacteria are present on banknotes and coins. Despite the use of credit cards, mobile phone apps, near-field-communication systems, and cryptocurrencies such as bitcoins which are replacing the use of hard currencies, cash exchanges still make up a significant means of exchange for a wide range of purchases. The literature is awash with data that highlights that both coins and banknotes are frequently identified as fomites for a wide range of microorganisms...
November 23, 2016: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876550/eukaryotic-phosphate-homeostasis-the-inositol-pyrophosphate-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Cristina Azevedo, Adolfo Saiardi
Phosphate, as a cellular energy currency, essentially drives most biochemical reactions defining living organisms, and thus its homeostasis must be tightly regulated. Investigation into the role of inositol pyrophosphates (PP-IPs) has provided a novel perspective on the regulation of phosphate homeostasis. Recent data suggest that metabolic and signaling interplay between PP-IPs, ATP, and inorganic polyphosphate (polyP) influences and is influenced by cellular phosphate homeostasis. Different studies have demonstrated that the SPX protein domain is a key component of proteins involved in phosphate metabolism...
November 19, 2016: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833835/comparison-of-pharmaceutical-pricing-and-reimbursement-systems-in-turkey-and-certain-eu-countries
#20
Enver Kagan Atikeler, Gulbin Özçelikay
Recently, the need for health care services has increased gradually and the limitations in sources allocated for this area have been recognized. Moving from this fact, it has gained a supreme importance to determine what health programs or technologies will be given priority. According to Danzon (Reference pricing: theory and evidence, reference pricing and pharmaceutical policy: perspectives on economics and innovation, springer, New York, pp 86-126, 2001), arrangements towards controlling the expenses through price and profit controls, reimbursement methods and incentives have recently gained wide currency...
2016: SpringerPlus
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