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Mediastinal staging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448858/long-term-results-of-the-aieop-mh-96-childhood-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-trial-and-focus-on-significance-of-response-to-chemotherapy-and-its-implication-in-low-risk-patients-to-avoid-radiotherapy
#1
Roberta Burnelli, Simona Rinieri, Roberto Rondelli, Alessandra Todesco, Maurizio Bianchi, Alberto Garaventa, Marco Zecca, Paolo Indolfi, Valentino Conter, Nicola Santoro, Maurizio Aricò, Simone Cesaro, Salvatore D'amico, Piero Farruggia, Raffaela De Santis, Franco Locatelli, Stefano A Pileri, Giovanni Scarzello, Maurizio Mascarin, Vico Vecchi
Identify a subset of early-stage HL children (GR1) curable with limited chemotherapy+/-radiotherapy; improve outcome of intermediate (GR2) and high-risk (GR3) patients; establish impact of response to chemotherapy evaluated with conventional imaging (CI). One hundred and sixty GR1-patients received 3ABVD + involved-field (IF) low-dose (LD) (20 Gy) irradiation if mediastinal mass or partial response (PR) after chemotherapy. Eighty-five GR2- and 315 GR3-patients received 4 and 6 COPP/ABV + IFRT, respectively...
February 16, 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447922/regional-lymph-node-sampling-in-lung-carcinoma-a-single-institutional-and-national-database-comparison
#2
Dustin E Bosch, Farhood Farjah, Douglas E Wood, Rodney A Schmidt
Assessing regional lymph node metastasis is a key component of lung carcinoma staging and prognostication. Recent guidelines have suggested a quality metric of 10 total regional lymph nodes sampled with each stage I-II primary lung carcinoma resection. However, the extent of mediastinal lymph node sampling remains controversial. We assessed factors contributing to regional lymph node counts and effect on overall patient survival in an institutional cohort of 888 cases and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) national cancer registry (10 856 cases)...
February 12, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447330/is-central-lung-tumour-location-really-predictive-for-occult-mediastinal-nodal-disease-in-suspected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-staged-cn0-on-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#3
Herbert Decaluwé, Johnny Moons, Steffen Fieuws, Walter De Wever, Christophe Deroose, Alessia Stanzi, Lieven Depypere, Kristiaan Nackaerts, Johan Coolen, Maarten Lambrecht, Eric Verbeken, Dirk De Ruysscher, Johan Vansteenkiste, Dirk Van Raemdonck, Paul De Leyn, Christophe Dooms
OBJECTIVES: Current guidelines recommend preoperative invasive mediastinal staging in centrally located tumours with negative mediastinum on positron emission tomography-computed tomography, based on a 20-30% prevalence of occult mediastinal disease (pN2-3). However, a uniform definition of central tumour location is lacking. Our objective was to determine the best definition in predicting occult pN2-3. METHODS: A single-institution database was queried for patients with (suspected) non-small-cell lung cancer staged cN0 after positron emission tomography-computed tomography and referred to invasive staging and/or primary surgery...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445601/predictors-of-unexpected-nodal-upstaging-in-patients-with-ct1-3n0-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-submitted-to-thoracoscopic-lobectomy
#4
Giuseppe Marulli, Enrico Verderi, Giovanni M Comacchio, Nicola Monaci, Giuseppe Natale, Samuele Nicotra, Federico Rea
Background: In the last decades, the use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for the treatment of early stage non-small cell lung cancer is continuously growing. This is mainly due to the development of more advanced surgical devices, to the rising incidence of peripheral lung tumors and is also favored by the increased reliability of preoperative staging techniques. Despite this progress, postoperative unexpected nodal upstaging is still a relevant issue. Aim of this study is to identify possible predictors of unexpected nodal upstaging in patients affected by cT1-3N0 NSCLC submitted to VATS lobectomy...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434908/extranodal-presentation-of-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-of-the-sternum-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Yan Li, You Qin, Liduan Zheng, Hong Liu
Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is typically a systemic disease with involvement of the cervical, supraclavicular and mediastinal lymph nodes. An extra-nodal presentation of HL is unusual and seldom encountered in the clinic. The most common sites of presentation for extra-nodal extension are the spleen, liver, lungs, bones and marrow. The bones that are frequently involved are the vertebrae, pelvis, ribs and femur. Involvement of the sternum has occasionally been reported. The current study presents an unusual case on the extra-nodal presentation of HL of the sternum arising in a 25-year-old woman, and reviews the relevant literature with particular emphasis on treatment...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433713/pulmonologist-s-road-map-to%C3%A2-mediastinal-lymph-node%C3%A2-imaging
#6
REVIEW
Hamza Jawad, Jonathan H Chung
Mediastinal lymph node station maps are intended to facilitate nodal staging in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. These maps have been revised over time and the International Association for Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) map is the latest rendition. This article illustrates the imaging appearance of each of the IASLC map mediastinal lymph node stations, overviews some of the mediastinal lymph node sampling techniques, and discusses common pitfalls of the IASLC map. It also reviews mediastinal anatomic variants and pathologic features that may simulate lymphadenopathy...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433708/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-for-diagnosis-and-staging-of-lung-cancer
#7
REVIEW
David Fielding, Noriaki Kurimoto
Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS TBNA) is fundamental to the diagnosis of lung cancer, as many patients present with more advanced stages of lung cancer, with enlarged hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes. It also represents a way to sample pulmonary masses directly to make the diagnosis, whereby no other accessible tissue is present and the mass sits adjacent to a large central airway. Very importantly also, EBUS TBNA is the widely accepted first procedure in lung cancer staging...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430426/outcomes-of-pulmonary-resection-and-mediastinal-node-dissection-by-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-following-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-therapy-for-stage-iiia-n2-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
Yeong Jeong Jeon, Yong Soo Choi, Kyung Jong Lee, Se Hoon Lee, Hongryull Pyo, Joon Young Choi
Background: We evaluated the feasibility and outcomes of pulmonary resection and mediastinal node dissection (MND) by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) following neoadjuvant therapy for stage IIIA N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: From November 2009 to December 2013, a total of 35 consecutive patients with pathologically or radiologically confirmed stage IIIA N2 lung cancer underwent pulmonary resection and MND, performed by a single surgeon, following neoadjuvant chemoradiation...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428371/survival-outcome-of-intermediate-risk-neuroblastoma-at-children-cancer-hospital-egypt
#9
Hossam Elzomor, Gehad Ahmed, Salma Elmenawi, Naglaa Elkinaai, Amal Refaat, Sonya Soliman, Mai Amr Abdelwahab, Mohamed Saad Zaghloul, Mohamed Fawzy
AIM: The study aims to evaluate survival outcome in newly diagnosed pediatric intermediate risk neuroblastoma patients treated at the Children Cancer Hospital - Egypt and their relation to various clinical and pathological factors. METHODS: The study included stage 3 patients <1.5 years, children 1.5 years or older with stage 3 disease and favorable histopathological features, infants (<1 year) with International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) stage 4 disease, stage 4 children 1-1...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428202/pet-suv-max-and-upstaging-of-lung-cancer
#10
Shipra Verma, Justin Chan, Chong Chew, Christopher Schultz
BACKGROUND: Lung cancers managed surgically with curative intent are sometimes upstaged postoperatively. The potential contributions from surgical waiting time and primary tumour 18F-FDG avidity on positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) are unknown. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 153 Royal Adelaide Hospital surgical patients with primary lung cancers from 2013 to 2016 who had preoperative staging combining CT, 18F-FDG PET/CT and biopsy...
January 31, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424636/early-experience-with-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-anatomic-segmentectomy
#11
Fei Yao, Jian Wang, Ju Yao, Lei Xu, Junling Qian, Yongke Cao
BACKGROUND: Anatomic segmentectomy for stage I nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has potential advantages such as preserving pulmonary function and reducing postoperative complications. However, many surgeons are deterred from this procedure for its anatomical complexity. Therefore, we presented our early experience with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) anatomic segmentectomy compared with our most recent VATS lobectomy cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with cT1aN0M0 (ground-glass opacity [GGO] rate >50%) NSCLC underwent VATS segmentectomy from January 2015 to December 2016...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424404/-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration
#12
Gonzalo Labarca, Iván Caviedes, Erik Folch, Adnan Majid, Sebastián Fernández-Bussy
In the last years, several techniques have been developed to obtain a prompt diagnosis or rule out lung cancer. Endobronchial ultrasound- guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive procedure with a high diagnostic yield for mediastinal and central pulmonary lesions. This procedure is especially useful for lung cancer diagnosis and mediastinal staging. Two different types of EBUS are currently available: Radial EBUS and lineal EBUS. Each one has technical differences together with a range of clinical indications...
September 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424199/primary-synchronous-small-and-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-same-lung-lobe-a-case-report
#13
Anton Dzian, Fúčela Ivan, Huťka Zdenko, Szépe Peter
Synchronous multiple primary lung cancer (SMPLC) means tumours present at the same time, which are separate and have different histology. We present the case of a 66-year-old patient with a combination of small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) with adenocarcinoma in the same lobe with metastasis of SCLC in the mediastinal lymph node. This is a rare case. We performed a standard left upper video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy with mediastinal lymphadenectomy and adjuvant therapy targeted to SCLC was administered...
December 14, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413057/tumor-biomarker-testing-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-decade-of-change
#14
Paul A VanderLaan, Deepa Rangachari, Adnan Majid, Mihir S Parikh, Sidharta P Gangadharan, Michael S Kent, Danielle C McDonald, Mark S Huberman, Susumu S Kobayashi, Daniel B Costa
INTRODUCTION: Although a growing list of essential genomic/immune-based biomarkers are linked to approved non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) therapies worldwide, few reports have detailed the evolution of NSCLC predictive biomarker assessment in routine clinical practice. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the first one thousand plus NSCLC patient specimens from our institution analyzed for predictive biomarkers from 2004 to 2017 and evaluated patterns of testing as well as correlation with clinical-pathologic characteristics...
February 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410947/before-or-after-evolving-neoadjuvant-approaches-to-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Jennifer Lewis, Erin A Gillaspie, Evan C Osmundson, Leora Horn
The treatment of patients with stage IIIA ( N 2) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most challenging and controversial areas of thoracic oncology. This heterogeneous group is characterized by varying tumor size and location, the potential for involvement of surrounding structures, and ipsilateral mediastinal lymph node spread. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, administered prior to definitive local therapy, has been found to improve survival in patients with stage IIIA ( N 2) NSCLC. Concurrent chemoradiation has also been evaluated in phase III studies in efforts to improve control of locoregional disease...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404179/a-prospective-review-of-the-results-of-patients-treated-and-followed-up-for-a-diagnosis-of-sarcoidosis
#16
Levent Özdemir, Burcu Özdemir
OBJECTIVES: The present study reports the treatment and follow-up results of patients prospectively diagnosed and treated in a public hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study reports the prospective follow-up data of 21 sarcoidosis cases followed up and treated in the Department of Chest Diseases of Dörtyol State Hospital from January 2010 to December 2014. RESULTS: The 21 cases had a mean age of 44±10 years and a mean follow-up period of 38±13 months...
January 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397833/-c-myc-gene-and-protein-expression-in-paraffin-wax-of-t-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-and-leukemia-patients-and-its-effect-on-the-prognosis
#17
Xiao-Dong Zhang, Li-Ming He, Lei Ma, Zhang-Guo Chang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relevance between the expression of C-MYC gene and protein of patients with T lymphoblastic lymphoma and leukemia(T-LBL/ALL) and its effect on the prognosis. METHODS: Paraffin specimens from 60 cases of T-LBL/ALL with detailed follow-up during May 2005 to May 2016 were selected as study group; at same time 20 cases of reactive hyperplasia (RH) of lymphonuedes were selected as control group. The immunohistochemical EnVision method was used to mark the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TDT), myeloperoxidase (MPO), Ki-67 and C-MYC immune tissue...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397827/-value-of-cd-mpo-ki-67-and-c-myc-positive-rate-in-the-pathological-tissues-and-c-myc-gene-of-patients-with-t-lbl-all-for-predicting-prognosis
#18
Yang Wu, Hong-Yan Tang, Yi-Yi Ding, Xiao-Qin Pan, Chuan-Mei Tan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of of CD, MPO, Ki-67, C-MYC positive rates in the pathological tissues and C-MYC gene of patients with T-LBL/ALL for predicting Prognosis. METHODS: Ninty cases of T-LBL/ALL patients in our hospital were selected and included in the T-LBL/ALL group, and 30 cases of lymphnode reactive hyperplasia were selected as control group. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the changes of CD, MPO, Ki-67 and C-MYC positive rate in 2 groups, and the changes of C-MYC gene were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397099/underperformance-of-mediastinal-lymph-node-evaluation-in-resectable-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Apichat Tantraworasin, Emanuela Taioli, Bian Liu, Andrew J Kaufman, Raja M Flores
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal lymph node evaluation (MLNE) is considered to be the standard of care in curative lung cancer surgery although it is not always performed. This study identifies factors associated with patients not being evaluated (non-MLNE) in cases of resectable non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: A retrospective observational study using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database was conducted. Adult patients diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer stage I to IIIA (2004 to 2013) were included...
January 31, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396329/the-dutch-national-clinical-audit-for-lung-cancer-a-tool-to-improve-clinical-practice-an-analysis-of-unforeseen-ipsilateral-mediastinal-lymph-node-involvement-in-the-dutch-lung-surgery-audit-dlsa
#20
David Jonathan Heineman, Naomi Beck, Michael Wilhelmus Wouters, Thomas Jan van Brakel, Johannes Marlene Daniels, Wilhelmina Hendrika Schreurs, Chris Dickhoff
OBJECTIVE: Optimal treatment selection for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) depends on the clinical stage of the disease. Particularly patients with mediastinal lymph node involvement (stage IIIA-N2) should be identified since they generally do not benefit from upfront surgery. Although the standardized preoperative use of PET-CT, EUS/EBUS and/or mediastinoscopy identifies most patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis, a proportion of these patients is only diagnosed after surgery...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
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