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pain control in arthritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327104/long-term-efficacy-of-spa-therapy-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Mine Karagülle, Sinan Kardeş, Müfit Zeki Karagülle
Our previous crossover randomized trial suggested that spa therapy added to usual pharmacotherapy provides benefits that lasted 6 months over pharmacotherapy alone in rheumatoid arthritis patients. We now extend, and report the long-term results of that study. In the crossover trial, patients were randomized to spa therapy first group or control first group (first assignment, period 1, 6 months); after this period and washout phase (9 months), they crossed over to the other arm (second assignment, period 2, 6 months)...
January 11, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319718/effects-of-periarticular-injection-on-analgesic-effects-and-nsaid-use-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty
#2
Wen-Rui Ban, Ery-Ang Zhang, Lei-Feng Lv, Xiao-Qian Dang, Chen Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study examined periarticular multimodal drug injection and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for an early analgesic effect after total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty. Patient satisfaction and benefits from the treatment were also assessed. METHODS: A total of 110 patients who were scheduled to undergo total knee arthroplasty and 86 patients who were scheduled to undergo total hip arthroplasty were divided into two groups, the study group and the control group...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319548/routine-assessment-of-patient-index-data-3-score-and-psoriasis-quality-of-life-assess-complementary-yet-different-aspects-of-patient-reported-outcomes-in-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#3
Kiana Maryam Vakil-Gilani, Alexis Dinno, Neha Rich-Garg, Atul Deodhar
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis Quality of Life (PQoL-12) is a validated composite tool assessing patients' quality of life (QoL) with psoriasis (PsO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID3), measuring physical function, pain, and patient global assessment, is used for rheumatoid arthritis. Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 has not been used to assess PsO/PsA patients' QoL. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between PQoL-12 and RAPID3 in PsO and PsA patients in a cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315262/intraarticularly-injected-mesenchymal-stem-cells-stimulate-anti-inflammatory-molecules-and-inhibit-pain-related-protein-and-chondrolytic-enzymes-in-a-monoiodoacetate-induced-rat-arthritis-model
#4
Toru Ichiseki, Miyako Shimazaki, Yoshimichi Ueda, Shusuke Ueda, Masanobu Tsuchiya, Daisuke Souma, Ayumi Kaneuji, Norio Kawahara
Persistent inflammation is well known to promote the progression of arthropathy. mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to possess anti-inflammatory properties and tissue differentiation potency. Although the experience so far with the intraarticular administration of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) to induce cartilage regeneration has been disappointing, MSC implantation is now being attempted using various surgical techniques. Meanwhile, prevention of osteoarthritis (OA) progression and pain control remain important components of the treatment of early-stage OA...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314645/tofacitinib-with-conventional-synthetic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-in-chinese-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-patient-reported-outcomes-from-a-phase-3-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Zhanguo Li, Yuan An, Houheng Su, Xiangpei Li, Jianhua Xu, Yi Zheng, Guiye Li, Kenneth Kwok, Lisy Wang, Qizhe Wu
AIM: Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We assess the effect of tofacitinib + conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti rheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) on patient-reported outcomes in Chinese patients with RA and inadequate response to DMARDs. METHODS: This analysis of data from the Phase 3 study ORAL Sync included Chinese patients randomized 4 : 4 : 1 : 1 to receive tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily, tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily, placebo→tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily, or placebo→tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily, with csDMARDs...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304243/hyperexcitability-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-children-with-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review
#6
Roselien Pas, Kelly Ickmans, Sophie Van Oosterwijck, Kelly Van der Cruyssen, Anthe Foubert, Laurence Leysen, Jo Nijs, Mira Meeus
Objective: Hyperexcitability of the central nervous system plays an important role in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in adults. This knowledge has led to improved treatment strategies within this population. In children, however, research on the presence of central hyperexcitability is scarce. To further investigate this topic in children with chronic pain, there is a need for a clear literature overview. Design: Systematic review. Methods: The literature search was performed using the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science...
January 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284998/physical-therapy-in-elderly-suffering-from-degenerative-diseases
#7
Emira Svraka, Muris Pecar, Amila Jaganjac, Amra Macak Hadziomerovic, Eldad Kaljic, Almir Kovacevic
Introduction: Osteoarthritis of the joints (osteoarthritis or arthritis) represents the largest group of rheumatic diseases. Within rheumatic diseases 50% are degenerative rheumatic diseases, 10% inflammatory and 40% extra-articular. Goal: To determine the modalities of physical therapy for elderly with degenerative diseases. Material and methods: The study is retrospective-prospective and descriptive. The survey conducted included 25 patients with degenerative diseases of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems in Gerontology Center in Sarajevo, from May 1, 2014- April 30, 2015...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278339/determinants-of-patient-s-global-assessment-of-disease-activity-and-physician-s-global-assessment-of-disease-activity-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-overall-and-japanese-results-from-phase-3-clinical-trials
#8
Yuko Kaneko, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Zhihong Cai, Masayo Sato, Kenta Awakura, Carol Gaich, Baojin Zhu, Jiaying Guo, Yoshiya Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: To assess the determinants of Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (PtGA) and Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (PhGA) in overall and Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from two large randomized controlled trials. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of overall and Japanese RA patients who had previous inadequate responses to methotrexate or who had no/minimal previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drug treatment. We examined correlations between PtGA/PhGA and tender joint count in 28 joints (TJC28), swollen joint count in 28 joints (SJC28), inflammatory markers, pain visual analog scale (VAS), and other patient-reported outcomes at baseline, Week 12, and Week 24...
December 26, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278006/relationship-between-disease-activity-and-patient-reported-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-post-hoc-analyses-of-overall-and-japanese-results-from-two-phase-3-clinical-trials
#9
Naoki Ishiguro, Maxime Dougados, Zhihong Cai, Baojin Zhu, Masato Ishida, Masayo Sato, Carol Gaich, Amanda Quebe, Ivaylo Stoykov, Yoshiya Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients with different rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity levels and identify residual symptoms. METHODS: Post hoc analyses of overall and Japanese data from two randomized controlled trials including RA patients with previous inadequate responses to methotrexate (NCT01710358) or no/minimal previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drug treatment (NCT01711359) (sponsor: Eli Lilly and Company). Week 24 assessments were disease activity (Simplified Disease Activity Index, Disease Activity Score/Disease Activity Score 28 joints-erythrocyte sedimentation rate) and PROs (pain visual analog scale [VAS], morning joint stiffness [MJS], Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue, and Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey Physical and Mental Component Scores)...
December 26, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251171/predictors-of-disability-in-a-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-cohort-results-from-the-carra-legacy-registry
#10
A O Hersh, S M Case, M B Son
Objective Few descriptions of physical disability in childhood-onset SLE (cSLE) exist. We sought to describe disability in a large North American cohort of patients with cSLE and identify predictors of disability. Methods Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained from the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) Legacy Registry for patients with cSLE enrolled between May 2010 and October 2014. The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) was used to assess disability and physical functioning...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246226/factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-koreans-aged-over-50-years-the-fourth-and-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#11
Kyoung Min Kwon, Jung Soo Lee, Na Eun Jeon, Yeo Hyung Kim
BACKGROUND: To evaluate and analyse the factors associated with health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in the Korean population aged 50 years and older. METHODS: We used data obtained from the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV-V) 2007-2012, a national, cross-sectional health examination and survey, for which representative data on the health, nutritional status, and physical activities of the Korean general population are collected by the Korea Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC)...
December 16, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233691/enthesopathy-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondyloarthritis-an-ultrasound-study
#12
Esther Ebstein, Baptiste Coustet, Vanina Masson-Behar, Marine Forien, Elisabeth Palazzo, Philippe Dieudé, Sébastien Ottaviani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the prevalence of enthesopathy seen on ultrasonography (US) in spondyloarthritis (SpA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and compared it to healthy controls. METHODS: All included patients with RA (2010 ACR/EULAR criteria) and SpA (ASAS criteria) and healthy controls underwent clinical and US evaluation of enthesis at seven sites (quadriceps, proximal and distal patellar, Achilles and triceps tendons, plantar aponeurosis and lateral epicondyle enthesis)...
December 9, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231603/-warm-needling-moxibustion-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Xiaoling Wang, Xiangbin Wang, Meijin Hou, Huahua Wang, Feng Ji
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of warm-needling moxibustion for knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to explore its effects on isokinetic strength of lower limb muscle. METHODS: Fifty cases of KOA were randomly divided into an observation group (25 cases) and a control group (21 cases), but 4 cases lost contact. The observation group was treated with warm-needling moxibustion at Dubi (ST 35), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Xuehai (SP 10), Liangqiu (ST 34), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Weizhong (BL 40), Heyang (BL 55) and Fengshi (GB 31) for 40 min per treatment...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221496/does-intensive-management-improve-remission-rates-in-patients-with-intermediate-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-titrate-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Naomi H Martin, Fowzia Ibrahim, Brian Tom, James Galloway, Allan Wailoo, Jonathan Tosh, Heidi Lempp, Louise Prothero, Sofia Georgopoulou, Jackie Sturt, David L Scott
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled active rheumatoid arthritis can lead to increasing disability and reduced quality of life over time. 'Treating to target' has been shown to be effective in active established disease and also in early disease. However, there is a lack of nationally agreed treatment protocols for patients with established rheumatoid arthritis who have intermediate disease activity. This trial is designed to investigate whether intensive management of disease leads to a greater number of remissions at 12 months...
December 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200734/toxicity-and-detoxification-effects-of-herbal-caowu-via-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-metabolomics-analyzed-using-pattern-recognition-method
#15
Yan Yan, Aihua Zhang, Hui Dong, Guangli Yan, Hui Sun, Xiuhong Wu, Ying Han, Xijun Wang
Background: Caowu (Radix Aconiti kusnezoffii, CW), the root of Aconitum kusnezoffii Reichb., has widely used clinically in rheumatic arthritis, painful joints, and tumors for thousands of years. However, the toxicity of heart and central nervous system induced by CW still limited the application. Materials and Methods: Metabolomics was performed to identify the sensitive and reliable biomarkers and to characterize the phenotypically biochemical perturbations and potential mechanisms of CW-induced toxicity, and the detoxification by combinatorial intervention of CW with Gancao (Radix Glycyrrhizae) (CG), Baishao (Radix Paeoniae Alba) (CB), and Renshen (Radix Ginseng) (CR) was also analyzed by pattern recognition methods...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189988/predictors-of-self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-eq-5d-y-in-chronically-ill-children-and-adolescents-with-asthma-diabetes-and-juvenile-arthritis-longitudinal-results
#16
Christiane Otto, Dana Barthel, Fionna Klasen, Sandra Nolte, Matthias Rose, Ann-Katrin Meyrose, Marcus Klein, Ute Thyen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important patient-reported outcome in clinical and health research. The EQ-5D-Y assesses child and adolescent HRQoL by five items on mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression as well as a visual analogue scale (VAS) on the current health state. This study investigates predictors of self-reported HRQoL according to the EQ-5D-Y in chronically ill children and adolescents using longitudinal data. METHODS: Data from the German Kids-CAT study on children and adolescents with asthma, diabetes, and juvenile arthritis gathered over a period of six months were analyzed (n = 310; 7-17 years old; 48% female)...
November 30, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185133/a-resistance-exercise-program-improves-functional-capacity-of-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Diego Roger-Silva, Jamil Natour, Emilia Moreira, Fabio Jennings
The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of resistance training in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The study is a randomized controlled trial with 41 patients aged between 18 and 65 years with diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The patients were randomized into the following: intervention group (IG) and control group (CG). The IG underwent resistance exercise twice a week, for 12 weeks. The CG remained with the conventional drug therapy. The outcome measurements were the following: BASFI and HAQ-S for functional capacity, one maximum repetition test (1RM) for muscle strength, SF-36 questionnaire for general quality of life, and BASDAI and DAS-28 for disease activity...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183347/the-effect-of-an-intensive-smoking-cessation-intervention-on-disease-activity-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Ida Kristiane Roelsgaard, Thordis Thomsen, Mikkel Østergaard, Robin Christensen, Merete Lund Hetland, Søren Jacobsen, Lena Andersen, Hanne Tønnesen, Silvia Rollefstad, Anne Grete Semb, Bente Appel Esbensen
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory rheumatic disease with the potential to induce significant disability. Patients with RA are at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Smokers with RA tend to experience more pain and fatigue, higher disease activity, more erosive joint destruction and a lower health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) than non-smokers. It remains to be determined whether these effects can be reduced by smoking cessation. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) in patients with RA aims to examine the effect of intensive smoking cessation intervention (motivational counselling combined with tailored nicotine replacement therapy) versus standard care on smoking cessation, and consequently on disease activity...
November 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174345/effective-exercise-intervention-period-for-improving-body-function-or-activity-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Takuya Umehara, Ryo Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Various systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses examining the effects of pre- or postoperative exercise on body function or activity in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have been published. However, the interventional period needed to at least improve outcomes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the exercise intervention period needed to effectively improve body function or activity before and after TKA in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)...
November 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169668/arthroscopic-subacromial-decompression-for-subacromial-shoulder-pain-csaw-a-multicentre-pragmatic-parallel-group-placebo-controlled-three-group-randomised-surgical-trial
#20
David J Beard, Jonathan L Rees, Jonathan A Cook, Ines Rombach, Cushla Cooper, Naomi Merritt, Beverly A Shirkey, Jenny L Donovan, Stephen Gwilym, Julian Savulescu, Jane Moser, Alastair Gray, Marcus Jepson, Irene Tracey, Andrew Judge, Karolina Wartolowska, Andrew J Carr
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic sub-acromial decompression (decompressing the sub-acromial space by removing bone spurs and soft tissue arthroscopically) is a common surgery for subacromial shoulder pain, but its effectiveness is uncertain. We did a study to assess its effectiveness and to investigate the mechanism for surgical decompression. METHODS: We did a multicentre, randomised, pragmatic, parallel group, placebo-controlled, three-group trial at 32 hospitals in the UK with 51 surgeons...
November 20, 2017: Lancet
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