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Francesca Salamanna, Simona Cepollaro, Deyanira Contartese, Gianluca Giavaresi, Giovanni Barbanti Brodano, Cristiana Griffoni, Alessandro Gasbarrini, Milena Fini
STUDY DESIGN: Laboratory study. OBJECTIVE: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from whole bone marrow aspirate (BMA) and MSCs derived from density-gradient centrifugation were isolated from vertebral bodies and cultured under either hypoxic or normoxic conditions to evaluate their biological characteristics and HOX and TALE signature able to improve spinal surgery procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The use of spinal fusion procedures has increased over the last decades; however, failed fusion still remains an important problem...
March 15, 2018: Spine
Qingzhong Li, Hui-Li Xu, Steve Scheiner
HOX (X = Cl, Br, I, and At) can engage in either a H-bond (HB) or halogen bond (XB) with a base like HCN, NH3, and imidazole. While the former is energetically preferred for X=Cl and Br, it is the XB that is more stable for At, with I showing little preference. MgY2 forms a Mg-bond with the O atom of HOX, which grows stronger in the order X= Cl < Br < I < At and Y= F< Cl < Br. When all three molecules are combined together, both the Mg and the H/X bonds are cooperatively strengthened to a large degree...
March 15, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Sigrun Schmähling, Arno Meiler, Yoonjung Lee, Arif Mohammed, Katja Finkl, Katharina Tauscher, Lars Israel, Marc Borath, Julia Philippou-Massier, Helmut Blum, Bianca Habermann, Axel Imhof, Ji-Joon Song, Jürg Müller
The Drosophila Ash1 protein is a trithorax-group (trxG) regulator that antagonizes Polycomb repression at HOX genes. Ash1 di-methylates lysine 36 in histone H3 (H3K36me2) but how this activity is controlled and at which genes it functions is not well understood. We show that Ash1 protein purified from Drosophila exists in a complex with MRG15 and Caf1 that we named AMC. In Drosophila and human AMC, MRG15 binds a conserved FxLP motif near the Ash1 SET domain and stimulates H3K36 di-methylation on nucleosomes...
March 14, 2018: Development
Shanshan Sun, Yansheng Wu, Wenyu Guo, Feng Yu, Lingping Kong, Yu Ren, Yu Wang, Xiaofeng Yao, Chao Jing, Chao Zhang, Mingyang Liu, Yuqing Zhang, Minghui Zhao, Zhaoqing Li, Chuanqiang Wu, Yu Qiao, Jingxuan Yang, Xudong Wang, Lun Zhang, Min Li, Xuan Zhou
PURPOSE: Phosphotidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)and signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) are frequently activated in cancer progression. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms by which PI3K and STAT3 regulate HNSCC growth. The lncRNA HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) was found to modulate the progression of head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). In this study, we attempted to establish the correlation of PI3K-STAT3-HOTAIR signaling with the progression of HNSCC and its sensitivity towards platinum-based and targeted anti-EGFR combination therapy...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Sebastian Fantini, Valentina Salsi, Vincenzo Zappavigna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Amélie Dard, Jonathan Reboulet, Yunlong Jia, Françoise Bleicher, Marilyne Duffraisse, Jean-Marc Vanaker, Christelle Forcet, Samir Merabet
HOX proteins achieve numerous functions by interacting with the TALE class PBX and MEIS cofactors. In contrast to this established partnership in development and disease, how HOX proteins could interact with PBX and MEIS remains unclear. Here, we present a systematic analysis of HOX/PBX/MEIS interaction properties, scanning all paralog groups with human and mouse HOX proteins in vitro and in live cells. We demonstrate that a previously characterized HOX protein motif known to be critical for HOX-PBX interactions becomes dispensable in the presence of MEIS in all except the two most anterior paralog groups...
March 13, 2018: Cell Reports
Behzad Yaghmaeian Salmani, Ignacio Monedero Cobeta, Jonathan Rakar, Susanne Bauer, Jesús Rodriguez Curt, Annika Starkenberg, Stefan Thor
A conserved feature of the central nervous system (CNS) is the prominent expansion of anterior regions (brain) when compared to posterior (nerve cord). The cellular and regulatory processes driving anterior CNS expansion are not well understood in any bilaterian species. Here, we address this expansion in Drosophila and mouse. We find that when compared to the nerve cord the brain, in both Drosophila and mouse, displays extended progenitor proliferation, more elaborate daughter cell proliferation and more rapid cell cycle speed...
March 12, 2018: Development
Daniel C Anderson, Julie M Nicely, Glenn M Wolfe, Thomas F Hanisco, Ross J Salawitch, Timothy P Canty, Russell R Dickerson, Eric C Apel, Sunil Baidar, Thomas J Bannan, Nicola J Blake, Dexian Chen, Barbara Dix, Rafael P Fernandez, Samuel R Hall, Rebecca S Hornbrook, L Gregory Huey, Beatrice Josse, Patrick Jöckel, Douglas E Kinnison, Theodore K Koenig, Michael LeBreton, Virginie Marécal, Olaf Morgenstern, Luke D Oman, Laura L Pan, Carl Percival, David Plummer, Laura E Revell, Eugene Rozanov, Alfonso Saiz-Lopez, Andrea Stenke, Kengo Sudo, Simone Tilmes, Kirk Ullmann, Rainer Volkamer, Andrew J Weinheimer, Guang Zeng
Formaldehyde (HCHO) directly affects the atmospheric oxidative capacity through its effects on HOx . In remote marine environments, such as the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), it is particularly important to understand the processes controlling the abundance of HCHO because model output from these regions is used to correct satellite retrievals of HCHO. Here, we have used observations from the CONTRAST field campaign, conducted during January and February 2014, to evaluate our understanding of the processes controlling the distribution of HCHO in the TWP as well as its representation in chemical transport/climate models...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres: JGR
Paul O Wennberg, Kelvin H Bates, John D Crounse, Leah G Dodson, Renee C McVay, Laura A Mertens, Tran B Nguyen, Eric Praske, Rebecca H Schwantes, Matthew D Smarte, Jason M St Clair, Alexander P Teng, Xuan Zhang, John H Seinfeld
Isoprene carries approximately half of the flux of non-methane volatile organic carbon emitted to the atmosphere by the biosphere. Accurate representation of its oxidation rate and products is essential for quantifying its influence on the abundance of the hydroxyl radical (OH), nitrogen oxide free radicals (NOx ), ozone (O3 ), and, via the formation of highly oxygenated compounds, aerosol. We present a review of recent laboratory and theoretical studies of the oxidation pathways of isoprene initiated by addition of OH, O3 , the nitrate radical (NO3 ), and the chlorine atom...
March 9, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Yun Lin, Zhihong Fang, Zhijuan Lin, Zhifeng Li, Jintao Zhao, Yiming Luo, Bing Xu
OBJECTIVES: Multiple studies have shown that the expression level of Homeobox (HOX) transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) has a correlation with the diagnosis and prognosis of acute leukemia (AL) and lymphoma. The prognostic significance of HOTAIR on AL and lymphoma has been controversial. Our study thus was performed to further reveal its prognostic value in leukemia and lymphoma. METHODS: By literature searching in some common electronic databases, five studies covering a number of 531 patients were included in this meta-analysis...
March 7, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Ling Min, Xiyan Mu, An Tong, Yanping Qian, Chen Ling, Tao Yi, Xia Zhao
Objectives: This work aims to explore whether HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) polymorphisms are associated with cancer susceptibility. Materials and methods: A comprehensive search was conducted for literature published from January 2007 to July 2017. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and the corresponding 95% CIs were calculated using the Revman 5.2 software. Eighteen articles of 36 case-control studies were enrolled including six HOTAIR polymorphisms and 10 cancer types...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Lyndsay G Selland, Sophie Koch, Malcolm Laraque, Andrew J Waskiewicz
The vertebrate hindbrain is composed of a series of lineage-restricted segments termed rhombomeres. Segment-specific gene expression drives unique programs of neuronal differentiation. Two critical embryonic signaling pathways, Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) and Retinoic Acid (RA), regulate early embryonic rhombomere patterning. The earliest expressed hox genes, hoxb1b and hoxb1a in zebrafish, are logical candidates for establishing signaling networks that specify segmental identity. We sought to determine the mechanism by which hox genes regulate hindbrain patterning in zebrafish...
February 26, 2018: Mechanisms of Development
Mette Handberg-Thorsager, Juliana Gutierrez-Mazariegos, Stefan T Arold, Eswar Kumar Nadendla, Paola Y Bertucci, Pierre Germain, Pavel Tomançak, Keely Pierzchalski, Jace W Jones, Ricard Albalat, Maureen A Kane, William Bourguet, Vincent Laudet, Detlev Arendt, Michael Schubert
Retinoic acid (RA) is an important intercellular signaling molecule in vertebrate development, with a well-established role in the regulation of hox genes during hindbrain patterning and in neurogenesis. However, the evolutionary origin of the RA signaling pathway remains elusive. To elucidate the evolution of the RA signaling system, we characterized RA metabolism and signaling in the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii , a powerful model for evolution, development, and neurobiology. Binding assays and crystal structure analyses show that the annelid retinoic acid receptor (RAR) binds RA and activates transcription just as vertebrate RARs, yet with a different ligand-binding pocket and lower binding affinity, suggesting a permissive rather than instructive role of RA signaling...
February 2018: Science Advances
Deepak Jain, Stephen Nemec, Maëva Luxey, Yves Gauthier, Amandine Bemmo, Aurelio Balsalobre, Jacques Drouin
In tetrapods, Tbx4, Tbx5 and Hox cluster genes are crucial for forelimb and hindlimb development and mutations in these genes are responsible for congenital limb defects. The molecular basis of their integrated mechanisms of action in the context of limb development remains poorly understood. We studied Tbx4 and Hoxc10 due to their overlapping loss of function phenotypes and co-localized expression in hindlimb buds. We report an extensive overlap between Tbx4 and Hoxc10 genome occupancy and their putative target genes...
February 28, 2018: Development
Wenyan Zhao, Donghua Geng, Shuqiang Li, Zhaofu Chen, Ming Sun
To study the regulatory effect of lncRNA HOTAIR/miR-20a-5p/HMGA2 axis on breast cancer (BC) cell growth, cell mobility, invasiveness, and apoptosis. The microarray data of lncRNAs and mRNAs with differential expression in BC tissues were analyzed in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. LncRNA HOX transcript antisense RNA (lncRNA HOTAIR) expression in BC was assessed by qRT-PCR. Cell viability was confirmed using MTT and colony formation assay. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay...
February 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Amandine Draime, Laure Bridoux, Magali Belpaire, Tamara Pringels, Janne Tys, René Rezsohazy
Understanding how the activity of transcription factors like HOX proteins is regulated remains a widely open question. In a recent screen for proteins interacting with HOXA1, we identified a PRDM protein family member, PRDM14, which is known to be transiently co-expressed with HOXA1 in epiblast cells before their specification towards somatic versus germ cell fate. Here, we confirm PRDM14 is an interactor of HOXA1 and we identify the homeodomain of HOXA1 as well as the PR domain and Zinc fingers of PRDM14 to be required for the interaction...
February 19, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Elżbieta Pawłowska, Joanna Szczepanska, Janusz Blasiak
HOTAIR (HOX transcript antisense RNA) plays a critical role in chromatin dynamics through the interaction with histone modifiers resulting in transcriptional gene silencing. The promoter of the HOTAIR gene contains multiple estrogen response elements (EREs) and is transcriptionally activated by estradiol in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells. HOTAIR competes with BRCA1, a critical protein in breast cancer and is a critical regulator of genes involved in epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. It mediates an oncogenic action of c-Myc, essential for breast carcinogenesis...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yuanshun Liu, Hua Jiang, Hongbin Zhou, Xiwang Ying, Zhehua Wang, Yang Yang, Wulin Xu, Xujun He, Yaqing Li
Secondary resistance is a major limitation in the efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment of lung cancer. Previous studies have shown that expression of the long non-coding RNA HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) is upregulated in lung cancer, which is correlated with metastasis and poor prognosis. However, the precise role of HOTAIR and its effects on gefitinib resistance in human lung adenocarcinoma are not known. To address this issue, in the present study we established a gefitinib-resistant (R)PC-9 human lung adenocarcinoma cell line and examined cell viability with the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium assay...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Yun-Xiao Zhou, Chuan Wang, Li-Wei Mao, Yan-Li Wang, Li-Qun Xia, Wei Zhao, Jie Shen, Jun Chen
Background LncRNA homeobox (HOX) transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) has been confirmed to involve in the tumorigenic progression of endometrial carcinoma (EC). However, the molecular mechanism of HOTAIR in EC are not fully elucidated. Methods The expression of HOTAIR and miR-646 in human EC tissues was determined by qRT-PCR. The effect of miR-646 on EC cells was assessed by the cell viability, migration and invasion using CCK-8 assays and transwell assays. RIP assays and RNA pull-down assays were performed to explore the interaction between HOTAIR and miR-646...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
S F Seys, J Bousquet, C Bachert, W J Fokkens, I Agache, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, I Callebaut, L O Cardel, S Carrie, P Castelnuovo, R Cathcart, J Constantinidis, L Cools, M Cornet, G Clement, J C de Sousa, T Cox, M Doulaptsi, P Gevaert, C Hopkins, V Hox, T Hummel, W Hosemann, R Jacobs, M Jorissen, B N Landis, A Leunig, V J Lund, J Mullol, M Onerci, S Palkonen, I Proano, E Prokopakis, D Ryan, H Riechelmann, J Saevels, C Segboer, K Speleman, E A Steinsvik, P Surda, P V Tomazic, O Vanderveken, L Van Gerven, T Van Zele, B Verhaeghe, K Vierstraete, S Vlaminck, J Wilkinson, S Williams, B Pugin, P W Hellings
Mobile health technology is emerging to take a prominent position in the management of chronic diseases. These technologies aim at enhancing patient empowerment via education and self-management. To date, of all the different apps available for patients with sinus disease, none were developed by medical experts dealing with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airway diseases (EUFOREA) has undertaken a multi-stakeholder approach for designing, developing and implementing a tool to support CRS patients in monitoring their symptoms and to provide patients with a digital support platform containing reliable medical information about their disease and treatment options...
February 21, 2018: Rhinology
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