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Low t3 syndrome

Eun Bin Cho, Ju-Hong Min, Hye-Jin Cho, Jin Myoung Seok, Hye Lim Lee, Hee Young Shin, Kwang-Ho Lee, Byoung Joon Kim
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) sometimes coexists with serological marker-positive, non-organ-specific autoimmune disorders. We evaluated the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and anti-thyroid antibodies in patients with NMO spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and investigated the associations between thyroid dysfunction/autoimmunity and clinical features of NMOSD. METHODS: Forty-nine NMOSD patients with anti-aquaporin-4 antibody and 392 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were included...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Chandru Lamani, Jeetendra Kumar Jm, Shivaraj Kk, Kiran P
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Selçuk Yazıcı, Tuncay Kırış, Ufuk S Ceylan, Sait Terzi, Aysun Erdem, Işıl Atasoy, Ayşe Emre, Kemal Yeşilçimen
BACKGROUND: Low T3 which is defined as decreased triiodothyronine (T3) and normal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxin (T4) levels is present in many acute diseases and is related to increased mortality. We studied low T3 level's relation to long-term mortality in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients. METHODS: T3, T4, and TSH levels of consecutive NSTE-ACS patients were measured. Patients with normal T4 and TSH levels, but low T3 level were defined as low T3 group...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
O C Rogoveanu, N C Tuțescu, D Kamal, D O Alexandru, C Kamal, L Streba, M R Trăistaru
Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of developing neuro-motor disability in children, in many cases, the triggering cause remaining unknown. Quadriplegia is the most severe spastic cerebral palsy, characterized by severe mental retardation and bi-pyramidal syndrome. The purpose of this paper was to demonstrate the importance of knowing the risk factors and the psychosomatic ones, determining to what extent they influence the functional evolution in patients diagnosed with spastic quadriplegia. 23 children diagnosed with spastic quadriplegia were included in the study, being aged between 1 year and half and 12 years...
April 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
Adomas Bunevicius, Timothy Smith, Edward R Laws
BACKGROUND: Intracranial neurosurgical disorders are important causes of mortality and disability worldwide. The Low tri-iodothyronine (T3) syndrome is a common complication in critically ill patients and is associated with a poor prognosis. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of clinical studies analyzing the prevalence of the Low T3 syndrome and the association of serum T3 concentrations with disease severity and outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), hydrocephalus, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and brain tumors...
July 19, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Magdalena Maria Frączek, Andrzej Gackowski, Elwira Przybylik-Mazurek, Jadwiga Nessler
It has been proven that either excess or deficiency of thyroid hormones has harmful influence on the cardiovascular system function. On the other hand, severe systemic conditions like myocardial infarction or severe heart failure may affect thyroid hormones secretion and their peripheral conversion, leading to low T3 syndrome. Amongst many mechanisms causing T4 to T3 conversion disturbances, important role plays decreased activity of D1 deiodinase and increased activity of D3 deiodinase. The animal research confirmed that thyroid hormones influence cardiomiocytes phenotype and morphology...
June 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Tiande Zou, Dongting He, Bing Yu, Jie Yu, Xiangbing Mao, Ping Zheng, Jun He, Zhiqing Huang, Daiwen Chen
Maternal undernutrition during gestation influences the development of the fetus, thereby increasing the risk of metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Skeletal muscle, one of the key insulin-responsive organs, is susceptible to maternal nutritional programming. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of moderate maternal energy restriction during gestation in pigs on basic events of fetal skeletal myogenesis. Primiparous, purebred Meishan sows were fed a control (normal energy intake) or a low-energy (LE) diet from mating to day 90 of gestation...
May 27, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
E M de Vries, S Nagel, R Haenold, S M Sundaram, F W Pfrieger, E Fliers, H Heuer, A Boelen
A large proportion of critically ill patients have alterations in the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, collectively known as the nonthyroidal illness syndrome. Nonthyroidal illness syndrome is characterized by low serum thyroid hormone (TH) concentrations accompanied by a suppressed central component of the HPT axis and persistent low serum TSH. In hypothalamic tanycytes, the expression of type 2 deiodinase (D2) is increased in several animal models of inflammation. Because D2 is a major source of T3 in the brain, this response is thought to suppress TRH expression in the paraventricular nucleus via increased local bioavailability of T3...
July 2016: Endocrinology
Korcan Demir, Anja L M van Gucht, Muammer Büyükinan, Gönül Çatlı, Yavuz Ayhan, Veysel Nijat Baş, Bumin Dündar, Behzat Özkan, Marcel E Meima, W Edward Visser, Robin P Peeters, Theo J Visser
CONTEXT: Recently several patients with resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH)-α due to T3 receptor-α (TRα) mutations were identified. The phenotype of these patients consists of varying degrees of growth impairment, delayed bone, mental and motor development, constipation, macrocephaly, and near-normal thyroid function tests. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe the clinical phenotype of three new families with RTHα and thereby gain more detailed knowledge on this novel syndrome...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Amar Nagesh Kumar, Jupalle Nagaiah Naidu, Uppala Satyanarayana, Krishnan Ramalingam, Medabalmi Anitha
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinological disorders among women of reproductive age and the leading cause of female infertility. This study intends to evaluate the lipid profile, hormonal levels [free T3 (fT3), free T4 (fT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), insulin, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and prolactin] in PCOS women from Nellore and its surrounding districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 80 newly diagnosed PCOS women and an equal number of age and body mass index (BMI) matched healthy controls...
April 2016: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Markella Nezi, Panagiotis Christopoulos, George Paltoglou, Alexandros Gryparis, Vassilios Bakoulas, Efthimios Deligeoroglou, George Creatsas, George Mastorakos
BACKGROUND: Primary amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea are diagnosed commonly during adolescence. Weight aberrations are associated with menstrual disorders. Autoimmune thyroiditis is frequent during adolescence. In this study, the commonest clinical and hormonal characteristics of amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea during adolescence were investigated. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, one hundred and thirty-eight consecutive young patients presenting with amenorrhea or oligomenorrhea referred to an adolescent endocrinology and gynecology university clinic were studied...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Jingxian Fan, Peng Yan, Yingdeng Wang, Bo Shen, Feng Ding, Yingli Liu
BACKGROUND There are few data on the prevalence of low T3 (triiodothyronine) syndrome in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) and it is unclear whether low T3 can be used to predict the progression of CKD. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively studied 279 patients who had been definitively diagnosed with CKD, without needing maintenance dialysis. Thyroid function was analyzed in all enrolled subjects and the incidence of thyroid dysfunction (low T3 syndrome, low T4 syndrome, and subclinical hypothyroidism) in patients at different stages of CKD was determined...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Nan Sha, Hao Xu, Tao Chen, Da-Wei Tian, Wan-Qin Xie, Lin-Guo Xie, Yu Zhang, Chen Xing, Xiao-Teng Liu, Zhong-Hua Shen, Zhou-Liang Wu, Hai-Long Hu, Chang-Li Wu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to summarize the relationship between some components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the histopathologic findings in bladder cancer in a Chinese population. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 323 patients from the Department of Urology, Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University between January 2012 and January 2014. All the patients were diagnosed with bladder cancer for the first time. Age, height, weight, histologic stage, grade, the presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and body mass index were evaluated...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Przemysław Kunert, Tomasz Dziedzic, Arkadiusz Nowak, Tomasz Czernicki, Andrzej Marchel
BACKGROUND: Vestibular schwannomas are slow growing, benign tumors. There are three possible management options: surgery, radiation treatment or active surveillance. The aim of this study was to assess the general outcome and risk of tumor recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 220 consecutive patients (134 women, 86 men; the age ranged from 18 to 74) operated with the retrosigmoid transmeatal approach. The largest extrameatal diameter of the tumor ranged from 8 to 72mm (mean 30mm)...
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Jinliang Liu, Xuejie Wu, Fang Lu, Lifang Zhao, Lingxian Shi, Feng Xu
Low T3 syndrome was previously reported to be linked to poor clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive power of low T3 syndrome for clinical outcomes in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Data for 503 patients were analyzed retrospectively, and the primary end point was 30-day mortality. The intensive care unit (ICU) admission rate and 30-day mortality were 8.3% and 6.4% respectively. The prevalence of low T3 syndrome differed significantly between survivors and nonsurvivors (29...
2016: Scientific Reports
Sara Tariq, Muhammad Imran, Zarina Mushtaq, Nosheen Asghar
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is an increasingly prevalent problem, not only in industrialized developed countries, but in developing countries as well. The modern healthcare to reduce the dysfunction of metabolic syndrome is burdened with great problems of unsafe medicines and certain degree of side effects. Medicinal plants and derived component products are becoming increasingly popular in modern society as natural alternatives to synthetic multiple drugs for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Leigh C Casadaban, Jeet Minocha, James T Bui, M Grace Knuttinen, Charles E Ray, Ron C Gaba
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the outcomes of conventional transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in contemporary clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-institution retrospective study, 188 patients underwent conventional TACE for HCC between 2007 and 2013. Medical record and imaging review was used to collect baseline demographic and disease data, tumor response, time to progression (TTP), and progression-free survival (PFS) outcomes, as well as transplant-free survival, calculated from the time of the first conventional TACE treatment...
March 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Melis Pehlivantürk Kızılkan, Nuray Kanbur, Sinem Akgül, Ayfer Alikaşifoğlu
Low triiodothyronine syndrome is a physiological adaptation encountered in anorexia nervosa (AN) and generally improves with sufficient weight gain. However, when a primary thyroid pathology accompanies AN, both the evaluation of thyroid hormone levels and the management of the co-morbid disease become more challenging. Hashimoto thyroiditis could complicate the management of AN by causing hyper- or hypothyroidism. AN could also negatively affect the treatment of Hashimoto thyroiditis by altering body weight and metabolic rate, as well as by causing drug non-compliance...
March 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Andrea Galusova, Matus Pauliny, Milan Majek, Jaroslava Mackova, Milada Meskova, Miroslav Vlcek, Richard Imrich, Adela Penesova
OBJECTIVE: Acute multiple-trauma induces activation of neuroendocrine system. Nonthyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) is considered to be associated with adverse outcome in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. This study was aimed to assess dynamic changes of neuroendocrine hormones in patients with polytrauma and their association with the polytrauma score (PTS). METHODS: Blood samples from 24 critically ill patients with polytrauma were obtained on 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 7th day after admission to ICU for analysis of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total triiodothyronine (T3); free triiodothyronine (fT3), total thyroxine (T4), free thyroxine (fT4), growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL) and procalcitonin levels...
2015: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Maria Helena Baptista Nunes da Silva, Maria Cristina Korbage de Araujo, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Maria Esther Jurfest Rivero Ceccon, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To assess hormonal changes in nonthyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) in full-term newborns (NT) with sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 28 NT with sepsis divided into 2 groups according to the time of normalization of serum and clinical indicators of infection: group A(A), 16 NT with improvement in up to 8 days; and group B(B), 12 NT improvement after 8 days. Among the 28 NT, 15 NT progressed to septic shock, with 5 NT group A and 10 NT in group B...
December 2015: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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