keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HIV pediatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538421/malnutrition-is-associated-with-hiv-infection-in-children-less-than-5-years-in-bobo-dioulasso-city-burkina-faso-a-case-control-study
#1
Ghislain Gnimbar Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and malnutrition are still 2 major health issues in sub-Saharan Africa including Burkina Faso where few studies have been conducted on child malnutrition and HIV infection. This study assessed the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV infection and also compared the prevalence of malnutrition in terms of an inadequate diet, underweight, stunting, and wasting among HIV-infected and uninfected children less than 5 years in Bobo-Dioulasso city, Burkina Faso...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532715/caretakers-barriers-to-pediatric-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-study
#2
C T Tran, T H Pham, K T Tran, T K C Nguyen, M Larsson
BACKGROUND: Poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence leads to drug resistance and treatment failures. The options for second and third line ART regimens, particularly for pediatric patients, are very limited in low and middle-income countries. HIV-infected children are mostly passive drug-takers, thus caretakers play a very important role in assuring ART adherence. Pediatric ART adherence is still a challenging problem in Vietnam since non-adherence is the major risk factor for treatment failure...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520616/pediatric-cancer-burden-and-treatment-resources-within-the-pediatric-iedea-consortium
#3
Steven A Brown, Salma Abbas, Mary-Ann Davies, Torsak Bunupuradah, Annette H Sohn, Karl-Günter Technau, Lorna Renner, Valériane Leroy, Andrew Edmonds, Marcel Yotebieng, Catherine C McGowan, Stephany N Duda, Lynne Mofenson, Beverly Musick, Kara Wools-Kaloustian
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and treatment of cancer in HIV-infected children from resource-limited settings has not been extensively studied. OBJECTIVES: Develop and implement a cross-sectional survey to evaluate pediatric cancer burden, diagnostic modalities in use, and treatment availability as perceived by HIV clinic staff at regional International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) sites. METHODS: IeDEA regional investigators developed a cross-sectional clinical site survey which included questions on the numbers and types of pediatric cancers observed, modalities used to treat identified cancers and treatment options available at individual sites in the Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa regions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505015/virologic-response-to-first-line-efavirenz-or-nevirapine-based-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-infected-african-children
#4
Adeodata Kekitiinwa, Alexander J Szubert, Moira Spyer, Richard Katuramu, Victor Musiime, Tawanda Mhute, Sabrina Bakeera-Kitaka, Oscar Senfuma, Ann Sarah Walker, Diana M Gibb
BACKGROUND: Poorer virologic response to nevirapine- versus efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been reported in adult systematic reviews and pediatric studies. METHODS: We compared drug discontinuation and viral load (VL) response in ART-naïve Ugandan/Zimbabwean children ≥3 years of age initiating ART with clinician-chosen nevirapine versus efavirenz in the ARROW trial. Predictors of suppression <80, <400 and <1000 copies/mL at 36, 48 and 144 weeks were identified using multivariable logistic regression with backwards elimination (P = 0...
June 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502224/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-paediatric-tuberculosis-an-insight-review
#5
Nityananda Mandal, Parveen Kumar Anand, Subhash Gautam, Shritam Das, Tahziba Hussain
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem, invading all age groups world-wide. It is an opportunistic infection affecting the individuals alone or with co-infections. Childhood TB is a neglected aspect and a significant health problem in epidemic areas. It constitutes more than 20% of TB incidence. Pediatric TB exists in the shadow of adult TB. The clinicians concentrate on pulmonary manifestation of TB, whereas it is a major problem in both pulmonary and extra-pulmonary infections. The rate of infection with this disease is mostly associated with poverty, social disruption and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
August 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499879/developing-a-flexible-pediatric-dosage-form-for-antiretroviral-therapy-a-fast-dissolving-tablet
#6
Manjari Lal, Manshun Lai, Marcus Estrada, Changcheng Zhu
Current presentations of the anti-HIV drugs lopinavir and ritonavir make appropriate dosing for children difficult. We conducted a feasibility study to develop a formulation for these drugs with child-safe excipients in a flexible dosage form for children across the pediatric age spectrum. The freeze-drying-in-blister approach was used to produce fast-dissolving tablets (FDTs), as these can be dispersed in fluids for easy administration, even to infants, and appropriate portions of the dispersion can be given for different ages/weights...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498304/pharmaceutical-dosing-errors-at-a-pediatric-hiv-clinic-in-mwanza-tanzania
#7
Neel Mahesh Naik, Ruth Nicholas Mbwanji, Mwajuma Mgawe, Richard Ongoa, Anthony E Gesase, Gordon E Schutze, Mercy Minde, Lumumba Francis Mwita
The outpatient medication dosing error rate at a pediatric HIV clinic in Mwanza, Tanzania, was about 1 in every 34 prescriptions. Young children were at highest risk of a dosing error, likely due to dose changes with growth and also to the inconsistent supply of pediatric formulations. Majority of errors occurred at consecutive visits suggesting clinicians reordered medication without double checking dosing.
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498192/patterns-of-attendance-at-mother-support-groups-in-zimbabwe-the-epaz-trial-2014-2016
#8
Joanna Orne-Gliemann, Hélène Font, Talent Maphosa, Abigail Kangwende, Simba Rusakaniko, Vhumani Magezi, Tonderai Sengai, Bridget Shumba, Pemberai Zambezi, Geoff Foster
BACKGROUND: In Southern Africa, groups of mothers living with HIV successfully provide peer psychosocial support during pregnancy and early childhood. We report patterns of attendance at Mother Support Groups (MSGs) sessions among women and mothers living with HIV in rural Zimbabwe. METHODS: In the Elimination of Pediatric AIDS cluster-randomized trial, MSGs were established in 14 health facilities in Mutare and Makoni districts. Patterns of attendance at MSG sessions were categorized by calendar attendance from delivery to 6-month postpartum using a Dynamic Time Warping clustering method...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498184/viral-suppression-and-hiv-drug-resistance-at-6-months-among-women-in-malawi-s-option-b-program-results-from-the-pure-malawi-study
#9
Mina Hosseinipour, Julie A E Nelson, Clement Trapence, Sarah E Rutstein, Florence Kasende, Virginia Kayoyo, Blessings Kaunda-Khangamwa, Kara Compliment, Christopher Stanley, Fabian Cataldo, Monique van Lettow, Nora E Rosenberg, Hannock Tweya, Salem Gugsa, Veena Sampathkumar, Erik Schouten, Michael Eliya, Frank Chimbwandira, Levison Chiwaula, Atupele Kapito-Tembo, Sam Phiri
BACKGROUND: In 2011, Malawi launched Option B+, a program of universal antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment for pregnant and lactating women to optimize maternal health and prevent pediatric HIV infection. For optimal outcomes, women need to achieve HIVRNA suppression. We report 6-month HIVRNA suppression and HIV drug resistance in the PURE study. METHODS: PURE study was a cluster-randomized controlled trial evaluating 3 strategies for promoting uptake and retention; arm 1: Standard of Care, arm 2: Facility Peer Support, and arm 3: Community Peer support...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498181/impact-of-mother-infant-pair-clinics-and-short-text-messaging-service-sms-reminders-on-retention-of-hiv-infected-women-and-hiv-exposed-infants-in-emtct-care-in-malawi-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Victor Mwapasa, Jessica Joseph, Timothy Tchereni, Aurelie Jousset, Andrews Gunda
BACKGROUND: Poor retention of mothers and HIV-exposed infants (HEIs) in HIV care threatens efforts to eliminate pediatric HIV. Novel strategies are required to address this challenge. We compared 12-month maternal and HEI postpartum retention in health facilities implementing the following HIV care delivery models: integrated HIV and maternal, neonatal, and child health services [mother-infant pair (MIP) clinics], MIP clinics plus short-text messaging service (SMS) reminders to prevent default (MIP + SMS), and standard of care (SOC)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489226/transition-of-care-for-youth-with-hiv
#11
Mary Ellen Acree
Remarkable advances have been made in the treatment of HIV. Despite progress in reducing perinatal HIV transmission, there is a growing number of adolescents and emerging adults with HIV who will require transfer of care from pediatric to adult providers. Adolescents with HIV have poorer retention in care and viral suppression compared to other age groups with HIV. Barriers to successful care of youth with HIV include mental health disorders, poor medication adherence, socioeconomic instability, and HIV-related stigma...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481997/patterns-of-growth-body-composition-and-lipid-profiles-in-a-south-african-cohort-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-and-uninfected-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Sarah M Ramteke, Stephanie Shiau, Marc Foca, Renate Strehlau, Francoise Pinillos, Faeezah Patel, Avy Violari, Afaaf Liberty, Ashraf Coovadia, Louise Kuhn, Stephen M Arpadi
Background.: Prior research in sub-Saharan Africa reports dyslipidemia in perinatally human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children receiving ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r) compared with efavirenz; however, interpretation of findings is limited by lack of comparison data from HIV-uninfected children. Methods.: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of lipid profiles and growth within a larger longitudinal cohort study of perinatally HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children aged 4-9 years in Johannesburg, South Africa...
May 6, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481783/impact-of-perinatally-acquired-hiv-disease-upon-longitudinal-changes-in-memory-and-executive-functioning
#13
Kathleen M Malee, Miriam C Chernoff, Patricia A Sirois, Paige L Williams, Patricia A Garvie, Betsy L Kammerer, Lynnette L Harris, Molly L Nozyce, Cenk Yildirim, Sharon L Nichols
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding effects of perinatally-acquired HIV infection (PHIV) on longitudinal change in memory and executive functioning (EF) during adolescence, despite the importance of these skills for independence in adulthood. METHODS: PHIV (n=144) and perinatally HIV-exposed uninfected youth (PHEU, n=79), ages 12-17, completed standardized tests of memory and EF at baseline and two years later. Changes from baseline for each memory and EF outcome were compared between PHEU and PHIV youth with (PHIV/C, n=39) and without (PHIV/non-C, n=105) history of CDC Class C (AIDS-defining) diagnoses...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474590/epidemiology-of-cryptosporidium-in-pediatric-diarrheal-illnesses
#14
Aashima Dabas, Dheeraj Shah, Shinjini Bhatnagar, Rakesh Lodha
CONTEXT: Cryptosporidium spp. is a zoonotic infection, now being recognized as a significant cause of diarrhea in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. However, there still exist significant knowledge gaps in its estimated global burden, epidemiology, diagnosis and management. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A semi-systematic search was performed across PubMed to select studies on epidemiological burden of cryptosporidium diarrhea using the following keywords- ['crytosporidiosis' OR 'cryptosporidium'] AND ['diarrhea' OR 'diarrhoea']...
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465653/predictors-of-hospitalization-among-children-on-art-in-ethiopia-a-cohort-study
#15
Abraham Haileamlak, Tesfalem Hagos, Workeabeba Abebe, Loko Abraham, Henok Asefa, Alula M Teklu
BACKGROUND: Substantial progress has been made in the management of pediatric HIV infection in Ethiopia with the implementation of mother-to-child-prevention programs. Since the introduction of HAART in 2005, mortality among HIV-infected children has reduced while the rate of hospitalization was expected to rise. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to assess predictors of hospitalization in children on ART in seven university referral hospitals in Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study design was employed on children age 0-18 years as part of a multisite observational study...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465649/establishing-a-multicenter-longitudinal-clinical-cohort-study-in-ethiopia-advanced-clinical-monitoring-of-antiretroviral-treatment-project
#16
Alula M Teklu, Eyuel Tsegaye, Daniel Fekade, Abraham Hailemelak, William Weiss, Elham Hassen, Nicole Simmons, Solomon Zewdu, Yifru Berhan, Assefa Getachew, Tesfalem Hagos, Achamyeleh Alebachew, Melake Damena, Yohannes Sitotaw, Yibeltal Assefa, Girmay Medhin, Andrea Ruff
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to describe the establishment of the Advanced Clinical Monitoring of ART Project in Ethiopia for monitoring and evaluation of the longitudinal effectiveness of the ART program and to show the opportunities it presents. This cohort was established in response to the 2005 call by WHO for establishing additional mechanisms for stronger monitoring of ART and the need for creating the platform to generate evidence to guide the care given for the ever increasing number of patients on ART in Ethiopia...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462780/-african-histoplamosis-a-report-of-three-pediatric-cases
#17
REVIEW
J R Mabiala Babela, C Mboutol Mandavo, R Nika Evrard, B Ossibi Ibara, L Lamah, L C Ollandzobo Ikobo, A Mouko, J F Peko
Histoplasmosis duboisii (Histoplasma capsulatum var duboisii) is uncommon disease especially in children. It is observed in Africa where the incidence is unknown. The authors report a series of three pediatric cases. The report concerned 2 girls and one boy who were 3, 9 and 4 year-old, respectively. Symptoms evolved for more than two months in each case. At admission, we found fever and poor general condition. Observed lesions were lymphnodes localisation disseminated (cases 1 and 2), subcutaneous (cold abscess) and cutaneous simulating molluscum contagiosum (case 2), osteoarticular (cases 2 and 3), abdominal including peritoneal and hepatosplenic (case 1)...
April 24, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458904/fluticasone-furoate-induced-iatrogenic-cushing-syndrome-in-a-pediatric-patient-receiving-anti-retroviral-therapy
#18
S A A van den Berg, N E van 't Veer, J M A Emmen, R H T van Beek
SUMMARY: We present a case of iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome, induced by treatment with fluticasone furoate (1-2 dd, 27.5 µg in each nostril) in a pediatric patient treated for congenital HIV. The pediatric patient described in this case report is a young girl of African descent, treated for congenital HIV with a combination therapy of Lopinavir/Ritonavir (1 dd 320/80 mg), Lamivudine (1 dd 160 mg) and Abacavir (1 dd 320 mg). Our pediatric patient presented with typical Cushingoid features (i...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456065/improving-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-rates-after-pediatric-acute-sexual-assault
#19
Samantha Schilling, Stephanie A Deutsch, Rebecca Gieseker, Jennifer Molnar, Jane M Lavelle, Philip V Scribano
The purpose of our study was to increase the rate of children with appropriate HIV-PEP regimens among those diagnosed with sexual assault in The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Emergency Department (ED). The outcome measure was the percent of patients receiving correct HIV-PEP. We retrospectively reviewed 97 charts over 31 months to define the baseline rate of children receiving appropriate HIV-PEP regimens (pre QI-implementation period: 2/2012-8/2014). Among children in which HIV-PEP was indicated following sexual assault, 40% received the recommended 28-day course...
April 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455104/a-comparison-of-tuberculosis-diagnostic-systems-in-a-retrospective-cohort-of-hiv-infected-children-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#20
Solange Gonçalves David, Kathryn L Lovero, Maria de Fátima B Pombo March, Thalita G Abreu, Antonio Ruffino Netto, Afranio L Kritski, Clemax C Sant'Anna
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of pediatric tuberculosis (TB) presents many challenges, and is further complicated in HIV-infected patients. While many diagnostic systems have been proposed, there is no pediatric TB diagnosis gold standard. The outcomes of four TB diagnostic systems in HIV-infected children were compared in this study. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a TB/HIV reference hospital in Rio de Janeiro. HIV-infected pediatric patients evaluated for TB from 1998 to 2010 were reassessed using four diagnostic systems: Kenneth Jones, 1969; Tidjani, 1986; Ben Marais, 2006; Brazilian Ministry of Health, 2010...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
keyword
keyword
54963
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"