keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatrics immunology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928750/the-role-of-maternal-hiv-envelope-specific-antibodies-and-mother-to-child-transmission-risk
#1
REVIEW
Ayooluwa O Douglas, David R Martinez, Sallie R Permar
Despite the wide availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) prophylaxis during pregnancy, >150,000 infants become infected through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV worldwide. It is likely that additional intervention strategies, such as a maternal HIV vaccine, will be required to eliminate pediatric HIV infections. A deeper understanding of the fine specificity and function of maternal HIV envelope (Env)-specific responses that provide partial protection against MTCT will be critical to inform the design of immunologic strategies to curb the pediatric HIV epidemic...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919236/biomarkers-for-diagnosis-of-pediatric-acute-neuropsychiatric-syndrome-pans-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-cunningham-panel
#2
Eva Hesselmark, Susanne Bejerot
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric Acute Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) are conditions marked by sudden onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), tics, or avoidant/restrictive food intake in combination with multiple psychiatric symptoms. A diagnosis of PANS or PANDAS may be supported by the Cunningham Panel, a commercially available set of immunologic assays currently in clinical use. However, the relationship between Cunningham Panel results and patient symptoms remains unclear...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863466/characterization-of-dengue-virus-infections-among-febrile-children-clinically-diagnosed-with-a-non-dengue-illness-managua-nicaragua
#3
Jesse J Waggoner, Lionel Gresh, Alisha Mohamed-Hadley, Angel Balmaseda, K James Soda, Janaki Abeynayake, Malaya K Sahoo, Yuanyuan Liu, Guillermina Kuan, Eva Harris, Benjamin A Pinsky
Background: We sought to characterize dengue virus (DENV) infections among febrile children enrolled in a pediatric cohort study who were clinically diagnosed with a non-dengue illness ("C cases"). Methods: DENV infections were detected and viral load quantitated by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in C cases presenting between January 2007 and January 2013. Results: One hundred forty-one of 2892 C cases (4.88%) tested positive for DENV...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840600/red-blood-cell-minor-antigen-mismatches-during-chronic-transfusion-therapy-for-sickle-cell-anemia
#4
Marianne E M Yee, Cassandra D Josephson, Anne M Winkler, Jennifer Webb, Naomi L C Luban, Traci Leong, Sean R Stowell, Ross M Fasano
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization occurs at a high frequency in sickle cell anemia (SCA) despite serologic matching for Rh (C/c, E/e) and K antigens. RBC minor antigen genotyping allows for prediction of antigens and RH variants that may lead to alloimmunization. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: RBC antigen genotyping was performed on chronically transfused pediatric SCA patients, using PreciseType human erythrocyte antigen (HEA), RHCE, and RHD BeadChip arrays...
August 24, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832451/induction-therapy-rejection-and-graft-outcomes-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-kidney-transplant-recipients
#5
Christine Marie Mincham, Germaine Wong, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Sean Kennedy, Stephen Alexander, Nicholas Larkins, Wai H Lim
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical benefit of interleukin-2-receptor antibody (IL-2RAb) induction in reducing the risk of acute rejection in adult kidney transplant recipients is well established, a similar benefit in pediatric recipients remains controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of IL-2RAb in reducing acute rejection in pediatric and adolescent recipients aged 21 years or younger using Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant registry. METHODS: The association between IL-2RAb induction and risk of acute rejection was examined using adjusted logistic regression and propensity score analyses, whereby the associations between induction, graft loss, and incident cancer were examined using adjusted Cox regression analysis...
September 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832026/tgf-%C3%AE-1-alters-esophageal-epithelial-barrier-function-by-attenuation-of-claudin-7-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#6
N Nguyen, S D Fernando, K A Biette, J A Hammer, K E Capocelli, D A Kitzenberg, L E Glover, S P Colgan, G T Furuta, J C Masterson
Barrier dysfunction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), a potent pleiotropic molecule, is increased in EoE; however, no study has evaluated its influence on esophageal epithelial barrier. We hypothesized that TGF-β1 regulates barrier dysfunction in EoE. We aimed to determine the role of TGF-β1 in the epithelial barrier in models of EoE. To examine the impact of TGF-β1 on esophageal barrier, immortalized human esophageal epithelial (EPC2-hTERT) cells were exposed to TGF-β1 during the three-dimensional air-liquid interface (3D-ALI) model in vitro...
August 23, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829905/polymorphisms-of-interleukin-6-in-down-syndrome-individuals-a-case-control-study
#7
M F Mattos, L Uback, P M Biselli-Chicote, J M Biselli, E M Goloni-Bertollo, E C Pavarino
Down syndrome (DS) individuals present impaired adaptive immune system. However, the etiology of the immunological deficiency in these individuals is not completely understood. This study investigated the frequency of interleukin 6 polymorphisms (rs1800795, rs1800796, and rs1800797) in individuals with DS and individuals without the syndrome. The study included 282 individuals, 94 with DS attended at the General Genetics Outpatient Service of Hospital de Base, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil, and 188 individuals without DS attended at the Pediatric Service of Hospital de Base de São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil...
August 17, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821293/incidence-and-predictors-of-uveitis-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-a-nordic-long-term-cohort-study
#8
Ellen Nordal, Veronika Rypdal, Terje Christoffersen, Kristiina Aalto, Lillemor Berntson, Anders Fasth, Troels Herlin, Susan Nielsen, Suvi Peltoniemi, Bjørn Straume, Marek Zak, Marite Rygg
BACKGROUND: The incidence of uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) varies around the world. Our aim was to investigate the incidence and predictors of uveitis in a Nordic population-based cohort. METHODS: Consecutive JIA cases from defined geographical areas in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway with disease onset between January 1997 to June 2000 were followed for median 98 months in this prospective longitudinal cohort study. Potential clinical and immunological predictors of uveitis were identified with logistic regression analysis...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810723/graft-survival-of-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipients-selected-for-de-novo-steroid-avoidance-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#9
Edward J Nehus, Chunyan Liu, Bo Lu, Maurizio Macaluso, Mi-Ok Kim
Background: Steroid-avoidance protocols have gained popularity in pediatric kidney transplant recipients at low immunologic risk. The long-term safety of steroid avoidance in children with immunologic risk factors remains unknown. Methods: Pediatric kidney transplant recipients from 2004 to 2014 in the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network database who received tacrolimus and mycophenolate immunosuppression were investigated. Propensity score matching was used to compare graft survival in 1624 children who received steroid avoidance with 1624 children who received steroid-based immunosuppression...
August 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806766/sublingual-immunotherapy-slit-for-house-dust-mites-does-not-prevent-new-allergen-sensitization-and-bronchial-hyper-responsiveness-in-allergic-rhinitis-children
#10
Jae Hyun Lim, Jin Youp Kim, Doo Hee Han, Chul Hee Lee, Seung-No Hong, Jee Hye Wee, Sue K Park, Chae-Seo Rhee
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to identify the effects of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) on immunologic parameters and bronchial-hyper-responsiveness in children with allergic rhinitis to house-dust mite (HDM), through long-term follow-up cohort. METHODS: Among the Allergic Rhinitis Cohort Study for Kids, pediatric patients who visited the hospital for rhinitis symptoms and proven allergy to HDM through skin prick test were studied. In this cohort, 37 patients received SLIT more than 3-years (SLIT group), and 184 patients received only pharmacologic therapy (non-SLIT group) were included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#11
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803259/opportunities-and-challenges-in-the-immunological-therapy-of-pediatric-malignancy-a-concise-snapshot
#12
REVIEW
Francesco Ceppi, Maja Beck-Popovic, Jean-Pierre Bourquin, Raffaele Renella
Over the last 50 years, collaborative clinical trials have reduced the number of children dying from pediatric cancer significantly. Unfortunately, certain tumor types have remained resistant to conventional surgical, radiotherapy and chemotherapy combinations, and relapsing and/or refractory disease remains associated with dismal outcomes. Recently, renewed attention has been given to the role for immunotherapies in pediatric oncology. In fact, these combine several attractive features, including (but possibly not limited to) the specificity for cancer cells, potentially in vivo persistence and longevity, and potency against refractory disease...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802664/cytokines-and-soluble-hla-g-levels-in-bone-marrow-stroma-and-their-association-with-the-survival-rate-of-patients-exhibiting-childhood-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
Renata Dos Santos Almeida, Alessandra Maria de Luna Ramos, Carlos Feitosa Luna, Francisco Pedrosa, Eduardo Antônio Donadi, Norma Lucena-Silva
Leukemic cells can induce defective expression of soluble factors and change marrow cytokine profile, leading to aberrant cell signaling, cell fixation and cell proliferation in bone marrow. T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive disorder which accounts for 15% of pediatric ALL. To evaluate the contribution of immunological factors on T-ALL survival, we measured Th1, Th2, Th17 cytokines and soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) levels in bone marrow from 32 Brazilian children at diagnosis (D0), after induction (D19) and after consolidation (D49) of the chemotherapy phase...
August 9, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795147/impact-of-the-trough-level-of-calcineurin-inhibitor-on-the-prevalence-of-donor-specific-human-leukocyte-antigen-antibodies-during-long-term-follow-up-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-antibody-strength-and-complement-binding-ability
#14
Kazuaki Tokodai, Shigehito Miyagi, Chikashi Nakanishi, Yasuyuki Hara, Wataru Nakanishi, Masafumi Goto, Michiaki Unno, Takashi Kamei
BACKGROUND: In pediatric patients, long-term immunosuppression after liver transplantation (LT) is typically minimal. However, posttransplant donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSAs) may be prevalent under these conditions. Here, we evaluated the effects of minimized calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) on DSA development to assess the validity of minimized/withdrawn immunosuppression. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 66 patients who underwent pediatric LT at our institution between July 1991 and October 2013...
August 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792162/immunological-subtypes-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-beyond-morphology-experience-from-kidwai-state-cancer-institute-bengaluru-india
#15
Namrata N Rajkumar, Raghavendra H Vijay
INTRODUCTION: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is disease of lymphoid precursors and is the most common cancer. Diagnosis of ALL is made by evaluating morphology and flowcytometric Immunophenotyping (FCI)and is an important adjunct in diagnosis and determining treatment in ALL, with availability of extensive monoclonal antibodies in the recent years there is tremendous progress in the field of FCI, and is a requirement by World Health Organisation for the classification of acute lymphoblastic Leukemia...
July 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781150/2016-guidelines-for-the-use-of-antifungal-agents-in-patients-with-invasive-fungal-diseases-in-taiwan
#16
REVIEW
Hsiang-Chi Kung, Po-Yen Huang, Wei-Ting Chen, Bor-Sheng Ko, Yee-Chun Chen, Shan-Chwen Chang, Yin-Ching Chuang
The Infectious Diseases Society of Taiwan, Medical Foundation in Memory of Dr. Deh-Lin Cheng, Foundation of Professor Wei-Chuan Hsieh for Infectious Diseases Research and Education, and CY Lee's Research Foundation for Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Vaccines have updated the guidelines for the use of antifungal agents in adult patients with invasive fungal diseases in Taiwan. This guideline replaces the 2009 version. Recommendations are provided for Candida, Cryptococcus, Aspergillus and Mucormycetes. The focus is based on up-to-date evidence on indications for treatment or prophylaxis of the most common clinical problems...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768916/high-pathogen-burden-in-childhood-promotes-the-development-of-unconventional-innate-like-cd8-t-cells
#17
Yves T Falanga, Michela Frascoli, Yasin Kaymaz, Catherine Forconi, John Michael Ong'echa, Jeffrey A Bailey, Leslie J Berg, Ann M Moormann
Cellular and humoral constituents of the immune system differ significantly between children and adults, yet very little is known about the impact of early-life pathogen exposure on this immunologic transition. We examined CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subsets defined by CCR7 and CD45RA expression in two longitudinal pediatric cohorts experiencing divergent levels of pathogen burden. Using multiparameter flow cytometry, along with serological, cytokine, and transcriptomic data, we show that cumulative pathogen burden promotes the development of atypical CD8dim T cells with an innate-like profile (Granzyme Bhi, IFNγlow, TNFαlow, PLFZhi, ID2hi, IKZF2hi) in contrast to age-matched children residing in a low pathogen-exposure area who display a more conventional CD8bright profile (IFNγ+, TNFα+, CCL4+)...
August 3, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750066/cross-modulation-of-pathogen-specific-pathways-enhances-malnutrition-during-enteric-co-infection-with-giardia-lamblia-and-enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli
#18
Luther A Bartelt, David T Bolick, Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, Glynis L Kolling, Gregory L Medlock, Edna I Zaenker, Jeffery Donowitz, Rose Viguna Thomas-Beckett, Allison Rogala, Ian M Carroll, Steven M Singer, Jason Papin, Jonathan R Swann, Richard L Guerrant
Diverse enteropathogen exposures associate with childhood malnutrition. To elucidate mechanistic pathways whereby enteric microbes interact during malnutrition, we used protein deficiency in mice to develop a new model of co-enteropathogen enteropathy. Focusing on common enteropathogens in malnourished children, Giardia lamblia and enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC), we provide new insights into intersecting pathogen-specific mechanisms that enhance malnutrition. We show for the first time that during protein malnutrition, the intestinal microbiota permits persistent Giardia colonization and simultaneously contributes to growth impairment...
July 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746196/retrospective-review-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-appendiceal-abscess-in-pediatric-patients-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-for-appendiceal-abscess
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ping Li, Yan Han, Yang Yang, Hongjie Guo, Fabao Hao, Yan Tang, Chunbao Guo
Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) has become well accepted, but the role of LA for appendicitis upon presentation with an abscess remains undefined. This study was to assess the postoperative recovery and complications following LA in pediatric patients with appendiceal abscess in comparison with open appendectomy (OA).We conducted a retrospective review of patients presented with appendiceal abscess between 2005 and 2016. Propensity score matching (PSM) was conducted to adjust for any potential selection bias for the surgical approaches...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738749/an-update-on-multiple-sclerosis-in-children-diagnosis-therapies-and-prospects-for-the-future
#20
Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Brenda Banwell
Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, is increasingly being recognized in children and adolescents. Pediatric MS follows a relapsing-remitting course at onset, with a risk for early cognitive impairment. Areas covered: In this review, we discuss the clinical features of acute demyelinating syndromes in children and risk factors that increase the likelihood of a diagnosis of MS. We also address the application of diagnostic criteria for MS in children, immunological features, therapeutic options and psychosocial considerations for children and adolescents with MS...
October 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
keyword
keyword
54962
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"