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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081584/-mini-open-approach-shows-good-results-in-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement
#1
Stephanie Maria Kirschbaum, Frank Sitterlee, Carsten Perka, Michael Müller
Background Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) describes a painful, abnormal (bony) contact between the femoral neck and acetabulum, which, if left untreated, contributes to early osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. Despite its flat learning curve and long operation times, hip arthroscopy has been used increasingly often in recent years in the surgery of femoroacetabular impingement. The mini-open technique (MOT) offers a possible alternative that addresses the abnormal morphological prominence and allows minimally invasive clearance of hip motion...
January 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080221/molecular-mechanisms-of-antisense-oligonucleotides
#2
Stanley T Crooke
In 1987, when I became interested in the notion of antisense technology, I returned to my roots in RNA biochemistry and began work to understand how oligonucleotides behave in biological systems. Since 1989, my research has focused primarily on this topic, although I have been involved in most areas of research in antisense technology. I believe that the art of excellent science is to frame large important questions that are perhaps not immediately answerable with existing knowledge and methods, and then conceive a long-term (multiyear) research strategy that begins by answering the most pressing answerable questions on the path to the long-term goals...
January 12, 2017: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066693/society-of-pediatric-psychology-workforce-survey-development-of-survey-methods-sample-characteristics-and-lessons-learned
#3
Tim Wysocki, Cheryl L Brosig, Marisa E Hilliard
There are few detailed workforce studies of specialty fields within professional psychology, and none have been reported for pediatric psychology since 2006. Availability of such data could facilitate more-informed decision making by students and trainees, psychologists pursuing employment opportunities, and psychologists involved in employment or compensation negotiations. This article describes the work of a task force of the American Psychological Association (APA) Division 54 (Society of Pediatric Psychology) in the design, construction, pretesting, distribution, and data management for the Society of Pediatric Psychology (SPP) Workforce Survey...
March 2016: Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065993/the-utility-of-the-king-devick-test-as-a-sideline-assessment-tool-for-sport-related-concussions-a-narrative-review
#4
Scott Howitt, Robert Brommer, Justin Fowler, Logan Gerwing, Julian Payne, Christopher DeGraauw
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to review existing literature surrounding the utility of the King-Devick test which is a commonly used sideline assessment tool for sport-related concussions. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed using MEDLINE, CINHAL, and SportDiscus databases. The search was performed from the beginning of the record through November 16(th), 2015. RESULTS: This search strategy yielded 27 articles from aforementioned databases...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060056/military-civilian-collaborations-for-mtbi-rehabilitation-research-in-an-active-duty-population-lessons-learned-from-the-assessment-of-military-multitasking-performance-project
#5
Karen L McCulloch, Amy S Cecchini, Mary V Radomski, Matthew R Scherer, Laurel Smith, Caroline Cleveland, Henry P McMillan, Leslie F Davidson, Margaret M Weightman
This article describes lessons learned in the planning, development, and administration of a collaborative military-civilian research project, the Assessment of Military Multitasking Performance, which was designed to address a gap in clinical assessment for active duty service members with mild traumatic brain injury who wish to return to active duty. Our team worked over the course of multiple years to develop an assessment for military therapists to address this need. Insights gained through trial and error are shared to provide guidance for civilian researchers who may wish to collaborate with active duty researchers...
January 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055087/osteopathic-philosophy-and-manipulation-enhancement-program-influence-on-osteopathic-medical-students-interest-in-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine
#6
Mikhail Volokitin, Pavan V Ganapathiraju
CONTEXT: Interest in osteopathic manipulative medicine (OMM) among first- and second-year osteopathic medical students typically declines toward the end of the second year of medical school. An osteopathic philosophy and manipulation enhancement (OPME) program was implemented for osteopathic medical students to gain additional exposure to OMM at the Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in New York, New York. OBJECTIVE: To assess how additional exposure to OMM through the OPME program influenced first- and second-year students' interest in using OMM...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048384/su-d-207b-06-predicting-breast-cancer-malignancy-on-dce-mri-data-using-pre-trained-convolutional-neural-networks
#7
N Antropova, B Huynh, M Giger
PURPOSE: We investigate deep learning in the task of distinguishing between malignant and benign breast lesions on dynamic contrast-enhanced MR images (DCE-MRIs), eliminating the need for lesion segmentation and extraction of tumor features. We evaluate convolutional neural network (CNN) after transfer learning with ImageNet, a database of thousands of non-medical images. METHODS: Under a HIPAA-compliant IRB protocol, a database of 551 (357 malignant and 194 benign) breast MRI cases was collected...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047744/we-a-201-01-memorial-introduction
#8
C Marshall
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047138/su-f-e-12-elective-international-rotations-in-medical-physics-residency-programs
#9
D Brown, A Mundt, J Einck, T Pawlicki
PURPOSE: The purpose of this educational program is to motivate talented, intelligent individuals to become stakeholders in the global effort to improve access to radiotherapy. METHODS: The need to improve global access to radiotherapy has been clearly established and several organizations are making substantial progress in securing funding and developing plans to achieve this worthwhile goal. The incorporation of elective international rotations in residency programs may provide one possible mechanism to promote and support this future investment...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047091/we-a-201-02-modern-statistical-modeling
#10
A Niemierko
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046561/we-a-201-00-anne-and-donald-herbert-distinguished-lectureship-on-modern-statistical-modeling
#11
Joseph Deasy
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039640/hands-on-2-0-improving-transfer-of-training-via-the-society-of-american-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgeons-sages-acquisition-of-data-for-outcomes-and-procedure-transfer-adopt-program
#12
Jonathan Dort, Amber Trickey, John Paige, Erin Schwarz, Brian Dunkin
BACKGROUND: Practicing surgeons commonly learn new procedures and techniques by attending a "hands-on" course, though trainings are often ineffective at promoting subsequent procedure adoption in practice. We describe implementation of a new program with the SAGES All Things Hernia Hands-On Course, Acquisition of Data for Outcomes and Procedure Transfer (ADOPT), which employs standardized, proven teaching techniques, and 1-year mentorship. Attendee confidence and procedure adoption are compared between standard and ADOPT programs...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035592/research-participants-preferences-for-hypothetical-secondary-results-from-genomic-research
#13
Julia Wynn, Josue Martinez, Jimmy Duong, Codruta Chiuzan, Jo C Phelan, Abby Fyer, Robert L Klitzman, Paul S Appelbaum, Wendy K Chung
Secondary or incidental results can be identified in genomic research that increasingly uses whole exome/genome sequencing. Understanding research participants' preferences for secondary results and what influences these decisions is important for patient education, counseling, and consent, and for the development of policies regarding return of secondary results. Two hundred nineteen research participants enrolled in genomic studies were surveyed regarding hypothetical preferences for specific types of secondary results, and these preferences were correlated with demographic information and psychosocial data...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034448/preparing-nursing-students-for-enhanced-roles-in-primary-care-the-current-state-of-prelicensure-and-rn-to-bsn-education
#14
Danuta M Wojnar, Ellen Marie Whelan
BACKGROUND: With the current emphasis on including registered nurses (RNs) on the primary care teams, it is essential that nursing programs prepare students for employment in these settings. PURPOSE: This study explored the current state of prelicensure and RN-to-Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) online education regarding the implementation of primary care content in the curricula. SAMPLE/METHODS: A sample of 1,409 schools and/or colleges from across the United States was invited to participate in an online survey...
November 9, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032576/informing-the-process-of-consent-for-surgery-identification-of-key-constructs-and-quality-factors
#15
N Mark Bagnall, Philip H Pucher, Maximilian J Johnston, Sonal Arora, Thanos Athanasiou, Omar Faiz, Lord Ara Darzi
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is a fundamental requirement of any invasive procedure. Failure to obtain appropriate and informed consent may result in unwanted or unnecessary procedures, as well as financial penalty in case of litigation. The aim of this study was to identify key constructs of the consent process which might be used to determine the performance of clinicians taking informed consent in surgery. METHODS: A multimodal methodology was used. A systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines to identify evidence-based components of the consent process...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032051/problem-based-learning-dental-student-s-perception-of-their-education-environments-at-qassim-university
#16
Shahad S Alkhuwaiter, Roqayah I Aljuailan, Saeed M Banabilh
AIMS: The objectives of this study were to assess perceptions of the Saudi dental students of the problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum and to compare their perceptions among different sex and academic years. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data was collected through a questionnaire-based survey at Qassim College of dentistry. The questionnaire consisted of 19 questions regarding the perception of PBL curriculum and was distributed to 240 students. The chi-square test was used for statistical analysis of the data...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025069/does-reactivation-trigger-episodic-memory-change-a-meta-analysis
#17
Iiona D Scully, Lucy E Napper, Almut Hupbach
According to the reconsolidation hypothesis, long-term memories return to a plastic state upon their reactivation, leaving them vulnerable to interference effects and requiring re-storage processes or else these memories might be permanently lost. The present study used a meta-analytic approach to critically evaluate the evidence for reactivation-induced changes in human episodic memory. Results indicated that reactivation makes episodic memories susceptible to physiological and behavioral interference. When applied shortly after reactivation, interference manipulations altered the amount of information that could be retrieved from the original learning event...
December 23, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025062/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-compare-e-feedback-versus-standard-face-to-face-verbal-feedback-to-improve-the-acquisition-of-procedural-skill
#18
Wissam Al-Jundi, Mohamed Elsharif, Melanie Anderson, Phillip Chan, Jonathan Beard, Shah Nawaz
BACKGROUND: Constructive feedback plays an important role in learning during surgical training. Standard feedback is usually given verbally following direct observation of the procedure by a trained assessor. However, such feedback requires the physical presence of expert faculty members who are usually busy and time-constrained by clinical commitments. We aim to evaluate electronic feedback (e-feedback) after video observation of surgical suturing in comparison with standard face-to-face verbal feedback...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994042/male-bumblebees-perform-learning-flights-on-leaving-a-flower-but-not-when-leaving-their-nest
#19
Théo Robert, Elisa Frasnelli, Thomas S Collett, Natalie Hempel de Ibarra
Female bees and wasps demonstrate, through their performance of elaborate learning flights, when they memorise features of a significant site. An important feature of these flights is that the insects look back to fixate the site that they are leaving. Females, which forage for nectar and pollen and return with it to the nest, execute learning flights on their initial departures from both their nest and newly discovered flowers. To our knowledge, these flights have so far only been studied in females. Here we describe and analyse putative learning flights observed in male bumblebees, Bombus terrestris L...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977293/development-of-a-sleep-telementorship-program-for-rural-department-of-veterans-affairs-primary-care-providers-sleep-va-echo
#20
Elizabeth C Parsons, Elizabeth A Mattox, Lauren A Beste, David H Au, Bessie A Young, Michael F Chang, Brian N Palen
RATIONALE: Primary care providers (PCPs) frequently encounter sleep complaints, especially in regions with limited specialty care access. OBJECTIVES: The US Department of Veterans Affairs Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (VA-ECHO) program (based on Project ECHO) has successfully provided rural PCP education in subspecialty areas, including hepatitis C. We describe the feasibility of an ECHO program for sleep medicine. METHODS: ECHO creates a virtual learning community through video-teleconferencing, combining didactics with individualized clinical case review...
December 15, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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