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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932484/crystal-structure-of-1-2-4-nitro-phen-yl-4-5-diphenyl-1h-imidazol-1-yl-propan-2-ol
#1
Jim Simpson, Shaaban K Mohamed, Adel A Marzouk, Antar A Abdelhamid, Mustafa R Albayati
The title compound, C24H21N3O3, crystallizes with two unique but closely r.m.s. overlay fit = 0.215 Å) comparable mol-ecules (1 and 2) in the asymmetric unit of the triclinic unit cell. In molecule 1, the dihedral angles between the central imidazlole ring and the benzene-ring substituents are 42.51 (9), 45.41 (9) and 56.92 (8)°, respectively. Comparable data for molecule 2 are 39.36 (10), 34.45 (11) and 60.34 (8)°, respectively. The rings at the 2-positions carry p-nitro substituents that subtend dihedral angles of 12...
September 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932465/crystal-structures-of-2-amino-4-4-7-7-tetra-methyl-4-5-6-7-tetra-hydro-1-3-benzo-thia-zol-3-ium-benzoate-and-2-amino-4-4-7-7-tetra-methyl-4-5-6-7-tetra-hydro-1-3-benzo-thia-zol-3-ium-picrate
#2
Belakavadi K Sagar, Marisiddaiah Girisha, Hemmige S Yathirajan, Ravindranath S Rathore, Christopher Glidewell
In both 2-amino-4,4,7,7-tetra-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetra-hydro-1,3- benzo-thia-zol-3-ium benzoate, C11H19N2S(+)·C7H5O2(-), (I), and 2-amino-4,4,7,7-tetra-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetra-hydro-1,3-benzo-thia-zol-3-ium picrate (2,4,6-tri-nitro-phenolate), C11H19N2S(+)·C6H2N3O7(-), (II), the cations are conformationally chiral as the six-membered rings adopt half-chair conformations, which are disordered over two sets of atomic sites giving approximately enanti-omeric disorder. For both cations, the bond lengths indicate delocalization of the positive charge comparable to that in an amidinium cation...
September 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931548/fluid-replacement-modulates-oxidative-stress-but-not-nitric-oxide-mediated-cutaneous-vasodilation-and-sweating-during-prolonged-exercise-in-the-heat
#3
Brendan D McNeely, Robert D Meade, Naoto Fujii, Andrew J E Seely, Ronald J Sigal, Glen P Kenny
The roles of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) activation in regulating cutaneous vasodilation and sweating during prolonged (≥60 min) exercise are currently unclear. Moreover, it remains to be determined whether fluid replacement (FR) modulates the above thermoeffector responses. To investigate, eleven young men completed 90-min of continuous moderate intensity (46% of VO2peak) cycling performed at a fixed rate of metabolic heat production of 600 W (No-FR condition)...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930472/light-absorption-of-secondary-organic-aerosol-composition-and-contribution-of-nitro-aromatic-compounds
#4
Mingjie Xie, Xi Chen, Michael D Hays, Michael Lewandowski, John H Offenberg, Tadeusz Edward Kleindienst, Amara Holder
Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) might affect the atmospheric radiation balance through absorbing light at shorter visible and UV wavelengths. However, the composition and optical properties of light-absorbing SOA is poorly understood. In this work, SOA filter samples were collected during individual chamber experiments with three biogenic and eight aromatic volatile organic compound (VOC) precursors in the presence of NOX and H2O2. Compared with the SOA generated using the aromatic precursors, biogenic SOA in general exhibits negligible light absorption above 350 nm; the aromatic SOA generated in the presence of NOX showed stronger light absorption than that generated with H2O2...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930153/selective-hdl-raising-human-apo-a-i-gene-therapy-counteracts-cardiac-hypertrophy-reduces-myocardial-fibrosis-and-improves-cardiac-function-in-mice-with-chronic-pressure-overload
#5
Ruhul Amin, Ilayaraja Muthuramu, Joseph Pierre Aboumsallem, Mudit Mishra, Frank Jacobs, Bart De Geest
Epidemiological studies support an independent inverse association between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and heart failure incidence. The effect of selective HDL-raising adeno-associated viral serotype 8-human apolipoprotein (apo) A-I (AAV8-A-I) gene transfer on cardiac remodeling induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) was evaluated in C57BL/6 low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice. Septal wall thickness and cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area were reduced by 16.5% (p < 0...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929565/synthesis-and-utilization-of-nitroalkyne-equivalents-in-batch-and-continuous-flow
#6
Peter D Morse, Timothy F Jamison
We report a method for overcoming the low stability of nitroalkynes through the development of nitrated vinyl silyltriflate equivalents. Because of their instability, nitroalkynes have only rarely been utilized in synthesis. The reactivity of these silyltriflates, which are prepared in situ, is exemplified by dipolar cycloaddition reactions with nitrones to give highly substituted 4-nitro-4-isoxazolines in high yields. This approach has proven general for several different alkyl and aryl substituted alkynes...
September 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929145/enhanced-detection-of-explosives-by-turn-on-resonance-raman-upon-host-guest-complexation-in-solution-and-the-solid-state
#7
Edward H Witlicki, Steffen Bähring, Carsten Johnsen, Marta V Solano, Kent A Nielsen, Daniel W Silverstein, Craig W Marlatt, Lasse Jensen, Jan O Jeppesen, Amar H Flood
The recognition of nitroaromatic explosives by a tetrakis-tetrathiafulvalene-calix[4]pyrrole receptor (TTF-C[4]P) yields a "turn on" and fingerprinting response in the resonance Raman scattering observed in solution and the solid state. Intensity changes in nitro vibrations with analyte complexation occur via a mechanism of resonance between the 785 nm laser line and the strongly absorbing charge-transfer chromophore arising from the complex between electron-donating TTF-C[4]P and electron-accepting nitroaromatic explosives...
September 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927723/antimutagenic-activity-of-vitamin-b1-against-damages-induced-by-chemical-and-physical-mutagens-in-salmonella-typhimurium-and-escherichia-coli
#8
Myriam Arriaga-Alba, Jaime Sánchez-Navarrete, Nancy Jannet Ruiz-Pérez, Julia Dolores Toscano-Garibay
Thiamine (vitamin B1) is an essential nutrient acting mainly as an enzymatic cofactor on diverse cell processes. It has been reported that vitamin B1 has a significant role in the signaling pathways related to the response to adverse environmental conditions (chemical and physical). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the antimutagenic potential of vitamin B1 in front of DNA-alkylating agents in the presence/absence of ogt and ada repairing genes in Salmonella typhimurium strains and against damage induced by ultraviolet light type C in Escherichia coli strains mutated at the uvrABC system and recBCD enzymes...
September 16, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926950/development-of-a-textile-nanocomposite-as-naked-eye-indicator-of-the-exposition-to-strong-acids
#9
Isabel Pallás, Maria D Marcos, Ramón Martínez-Máñez, Jose V Ros-Lis
Chemical burns, mainly produced by acids, are a topic of concern. A new sensing material for the detection of strong acids able to be incorporated into textiles has been developed. The material is prepared by the covalent attachment of 2,2',4,4',4″-pentamethoxy triphenyl methanol to a mesoporous material which further is included in a nitro resin to obtain a colourless composite. The response of this composite to diverse acid solutions was tested showing the appearance of an intense purple colour (with a colour difference higher than 160) that can be monitored by the naked eye or could be easily digitised to feed an instrumental sensor...
September 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925520/rational-design-of-bifunctional-2-fold-interpenetrated-zn-ii-metal-organic-framework-for-selective-adsorption-of-co2-and-efficient-aqueous-phase-sensing-of-2-4-6-trinitrophenol
#10
C M Nagaraja, Sandeep Dhankhar, Nayuesh Sharma, Sandeep Kumar, Dhilip Kumar
A bifunctional, microporous Zn(II) metal-organic framework, [Zn2(NH2BDC)2(dpNDI)]n (MOF1) (where, NH2BDC =2-aminoterephthalic acid, dpNDI =N,N'-di(4-pyridyl)-1,4,5,8-naphthalenediimide) has been synthesized solvothermally. MOF1 shows a 2-fold interpenetrated, 3D pillar-layered framework structure composed of two types of 1D channels with dimensions of ~3.80 x 16.9 Å2 and 7.49 x 17.01 Å2 decorated with pendent -NH2 group. Owing to the presence of basic functionalized pore surface, MOF1 exhibits selective adsorption of CO2 with high value of heat of adsorption (Qst = 46...
September 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924862/personal-inhalation-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-their-nitro-derivatives-in-rural-residents-in-northern-thailand
#11
Walaiporn Orakij, Thaneeya Chetiyanukornkul, Thanyarat Chuesaard, Yuichi Kaganoi, Waka Uozaki, Chiharu Homma, Yaowatat Boongla, Ning Tang, Kazuichi Hayakawa, Akira Toriba
A personal inhalation exposure and cancer risk assessment of rural residents in Lampang, Thailand, was conducted for the first time. This highlighted important factors that may be associated with the highest areal incidence of lung cancer. Personal exposure of rural residents to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their nitro-derivatives (NPAHs) through inhalation of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) was investigated in addition to stationary air sampling in an urban area. The personal exposure of the subjects to PM2...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919927/characterization-of-a-heat-tolerant-chlorella-sp-gd-mutant-with-enhanced-photosynthetic-co2-fixation-efficiency-and-its-implication-as-lactic-acid-fermentation-feedstock
#12
Tse-Min Lee, Yu-Fei Tseng, Chieh-Lun Cheng, Yi-Chuan Chen, Chih-Sheng Lin, Hsiang-Yen Su, Te-Jin Chow, Chun-Yen Chen, Jo-Shu Chang
BACKGROUND: Fermentative production of lactic acid from algae-based carbohydrates devoid of lignin has attracted great attention for its potential as a suitable alternative substrate compared to lignocellulosic biomass. RESULTS: A Chlorella sp. GD mutant with enhanced thermo-tolerance was obtained by mutagenesis using N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine to overcome outdoor high-temperature inhibition and it was used as a feedstock for fermentative lactic acid production...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919715/in-vitro-inhibitory-activities-of-magnolol-against-candida-spp
#13
Peiru Zhou, Jingya Fu, Hong Hua, Xiaosong Liu
Candida spp. cause various infections involving the skin, mucosa, deep tissues, and even life-threatening candidemia. They are regarded as an important pathogen of nosocomial bloodstream infection, with a high mortality rate. As a result of prolonged exposure to azoles, the therapeutic failure associated with azoles resistance has become a serious challenge in clinical situations. Therefore, novel, alternative antifungals are required urgently. In the present study, the CLSI M-27A broth microdilution method and the 2,3-Bis-(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide (XTT) reduction assay were used to evaluate the antifungal effects of magnolol against various standard Candida strains in planktonic mode and biofilm formation, respectively...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918248/total-nitrogen-removal-products-and-molecular-characteristics-of-14%C3%A2-n-containing-compounds-in-supercritical-water-oxidation
#14
Bowen Yang, Zhemin Shen, Zhiwen Cheng, Wenchao Ji
Supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) process of 14 N-containing compounds was investigated with residence time of 150 s, at a stable pressure of 24 MPa, temperatures of 350-500 °C and 500% excess oxygen, resulted in total nitrogen (TN) removal from 41 to 96%. The products of N-containing species were mainly N2, nitrate, ammonium, as well as hardly nitrite or NOX. The yield distributions of nitrate and ammonium were different: the main nitrate concentrations were obtained from the compounds containing nitro-group and diazonium, like nitrobenzene, 2-nitrophenol and eriochrome blue black R (EBBR); the predominant ammonium yields were achieved from amino-group and N-heterocyclic compounds, such as aniline, 5-chloro-2-methylaniline, 3,4-dichloroaniline, 1-methylimidazole, 1,10-phenanthroline, cyanuric acid, indole and 2,3-indolinedione...
August 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914979/systemic-evaluation-of-vascular-dysfunction-by-high-resolution-sonography-in-an-n%C3%AF-nitro-l-arginine-methyl-ester-hydrochloride-induced-mouse-model-of-preeclampsia-like-symptoms
#15
Ying Zhao, Ning Yang, Hanying Li, Wei Cai, Xin Zhang, Yongqiang Ma, Xiulong Niu, Guohong Yang, Xin Zhou, Yuming Li
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate vascular function, including arterial resistance and endothelial function, by high-resolution sonography in an Nω -nitro-l-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (l-NAME)-induced mouse model of preeclampsia-like symptoms. METHODS: Pregnant mice were subcutaneously injected with a saline solution (control; n = 10) or l-NAME (n = 10) between the 7th and 18th days of gestation. The resistive index and pulsatility index (RI and PI, indicators of arterial resistance) of the uteroplacental, umbilical, femoral, and common carotid arteries and the flow-mediated dilatation (index of endothelial function) of the femoral artery were measured by high-frequency sonography in both groups...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914323/the-spectroscopic-impact-of-interactions-with-the-four-gouterman-orbitals-from-peripheral-decoration-of-porphyrins-with-simple-electron-withdrawing-and-donating-groups
#16
Angel Zhang, Lydia Kwan, Martin J Stillman
Tetrapyrroles are of great interest for solar cell and photodynamic therapy applications due to their structural analogy with chlorophyll, a natural photosensitizer. Unsubstituted symmetric porphyrins exhibit weak absorption in the red region which makes them unsuitable for these applications. The push-pull peripheral decoration modifies the energies of the frontier molecular orbitals, which in turn influences the tetrapyrrole's spectroscopic properties. The absorption, magnetic circular dichroism, and emission spectra were measured for four zinc tetratolylporphyrin compounds substituted peripherally with a fused dimethoxybenzo group as an electron withdrawing group (EWG) on one pyrrole and on the opposite pyrrole, a single acetamido (1), a nitro (2), a proton (3), or a benzoylamino (4) substituent...
September 15, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912888/sulforaphane-induced-cell-cycle-arrest-and-senescence-are-accompanied-by-dna-hypomethylation-and-changes-in-microrna-profile-in-breast-cancer-cells
#17
Anna Lewinska, Jagoda Adamczyk-Grochala, Anna Deregowska, Maciej Wnuk
Cancer cells are characterized by genetic and epigenetic alterations and phytochemicals, epigenetic modulators, are considered as promising candidates for epigenetic therapy of cancer. In the present study, we have investigated cancer cell fates upon stimulation of breast cancer cells (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, SK-BR-3) with low doses of sulforaphane (SFN), an isothiocyanate. SFN (5-10 µM) promoted cell cycle arrest, elevation in the levels of p21 and p27 and cellular senescence, whereas at the concentration of 20 µM, apoptosis was induced...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910533/a-one-pot-mcr-oxidation-approach-towards-indole-fused-heteroacenes
#18
P V Santhini, Akhil Krishnan R, Sheba Ann Babu, Betna Shamlin Simethy, Gourab Das, Vakayil K Praveen, Sunil Varughese, Jubi John
A straightforward synthetic route towards indole-fused heteroacenes was developed. The strategy comprises of a one-pot process starting with a multicomponent reaction of cyclohexanone, primary amine and N-tosyl-3-nitroindole followed by an oxidation step. The one-pot approach was found to be general affording both symmetric and non-symmetric indolo[3,2-b]indoles in good yields. The strategy was also utilized for accessing 5-ring fused benzo[g]indolo[3,2-b]indole. We could extend the methodology for the synthesis of benzothieno[3,2-b]indoles starting from 3-nitro-benzothiophene...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910154/activation-of-veratridine-sensitive-sodium-channels-but-not-electrical-field-stimulation-dilates-porcine-retinal-arterioles-with-preserved-perivascular-tissue
#19
Nils M Kratholm, Peter Skov Jensen, Sidse Kringelholt, Ulf Simonsen, Toke Bek
PURPOSE: Disturbances in retinal blood flow are a prominent feature of vision threatening retinal diseases. The regulation of tone in retinal resistance vessels involves the perivascular retinal tissue, but it is unknown to what extent neurons or glial cells contribute to the effect. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to study the contribution of neurons in the perivascular retina to vascular tone during activation of voltage-gated sodium channels with veratridine and electrical field stimulation (EFS)...
September 14, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910113/tandem-synthesis-of-pyrrolo-2-3-b-quinolones-via-cadogen-type-reaction
#20
Zhichen Lin, Zhongyan Hu, Xin Zhang, Jinhuan Dong, Jian-Biao Liu, De-Zhan Chen, Xianxiu Xu
A tandem [3 + 2] cycloaddition/reductive cyclization of nitrochalcones with activated methylene isocyanides for the efficient synthesis of pyrrolo[2,3-b]quinolones is reported. In this reaction, the in situ generated dihydropyrroline acts as the internal reductant to convert the nitro into an electrophilic nitroso group, which undergoes subsequent C-N bond formation. Transition-metal-free, simple experimental procedure and ready accessibility of starting materials characterize the present transformation.
September 14, 2017: Organic Letters
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