keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nitro

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230981/high-potency-phenylquinoxalinone-cystic-fibrosis-transmembrane-conductance-regulator-cftr-activators
#1
Jung-Ho Son, Jie S Zhu, Puay-Wah Phuan, Onur Cil, Andrew P Teuthorn, Colton K Ku, Sujin Lee, Alan S Verkman, Mark J Kurth
We previously identified phenylquinoxalinone CFTRact-J027 (4) as a cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) activator with an EC50 of ~200 nM, and demonstrated its therapeutic efficacy in mouse models of constipation. Here, structure-activity studies were done on 36 synthesized phenylquinoxalinone analogs to identify compounds with improved potency and altered metabolic stability. Synthesis of the phenylquinoxalinone core was generally accomplished by condensation of 1,2-phenylenediamines with substituted phenyloxoacetates...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229627/moderate-hypothermia-attenuates-%C3%AE-1-adrenoceptor-mediated-contraction-in-human-varicose-spermatic-vein-the-role-of-nitric-oxide-short-communication
#2
K E Nurullahoglu-Atalik, A Cenker
The effects of moderate hypothermia (28 °C) on the response of human varicose spermatic vein to α1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine and the role of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) in these effects were studied. Concentration-response curves for phenylephrine (10(-9) to 3 × 10(-4) M) were recorded in rings with and without endothelium at 37 and 28 °C. To further analyze the role of NO, in the response to phenylephrine during hypothermia, the effects of this agonist in the presence of N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (10(-4) M) were also determined...
December 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226194/melatonin-systemically-ameliorates-drought-stress-induced-damage-in-medicago-sativa-plants-by-modulating-nitro-oxidative-homeostasis-and-proline-metabolism
#3
Chrystalla Antoniou, Giannis Chatzimichail, Rafaella Xenofontos, Giannis Pavlou, Evangelia Panagiotou, Anastasis Christou, Vasileios Fotopoulos
Recent reports have uncovered the multifunctional role of melatonin in plant physiological responses under optimal and sub-optimal environmental conditions. In this study, we explored whether melatonin pretreatment could provoke priming effects in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) plants subsequently exposed to prolonged drought stress (7 days), by withholding watering. Results revealed that the rhizospheric application of melatonin (10 μM) remarkably enhanced the drought tolerance of alfalfa plants, as evidenced by the observed plant tolerant phenotype, as well as by the higher levels of chlorophyll fluorescence and stomatal conductance, compared with non-treated drought-stressed plants...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225888/local-inhibition-of-nitrergic-activity-in-tenotomized-rats-accelerates-muscle-regeneration-by-increasing-fiber-area-and-decreasing-central-core-lesions
#4
A D Seabra, S A S Moraes, E J O Batista, T B Garcia, M C Souza, K R M Oliveira, A M Herculano
Muscular atrophy is a progressive degeneration characterized by muscular proteolysis, loss of mass and decrease in fiber area. Tendon rupture induces muscular atrophy due to an intrinsic functional connection. Local inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) by Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) accelerates tendon histological recovery and induces functional improvement. Here we evaluate the effects of such local nitrergic inhibition on the pattern of soleus muscle regeneration after tenotomy. Adult male Wistar rats (240 to 280 g) were divided into four experimental groups: control (n=4), tenotomized (n=6), vehicle (n=6), and L-NAME (n=6)...
February 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223872/chitosan-treatment-abrogates-hypercholesterolemia-induced-erythrocyte-s-arginase-activation
#5
Gamaleldin I Harisa, Sabry M Attia, Khairy M A Zoheir, Fars K Alanazi
This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of chitosan (CS) against hypercholesterolemia (HC) induced arginase activation and disruption of nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis using erythrocytes as cellular model. Human erythrocytes were isolated and classified into eight groups. Next, cells were treated with l-arginine (l-ARG), N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), CS or CS + l-ARG in the presence of normal plasma or cholesterol enriches plasma. Then, erythrocytes were incubated at 37 °C for 24 h...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223799/hypoxia-responsive-ionizable-liposome-delivery-sirna-for-glioma-therapy
#6
Hong-Mei Liu, Ya-Fei Zhang, Yan-Dong Xie, Yi-Fan Cai, Bai-Yang Li, Wen Li, Ling-Yu Zeng, Yu-Ling Li, Ru-Tong Yu
Here, we report the hypoxia-responsive ionizable liposomes to deliver small interference RNA (siRNA) anticancer drugs, which can selectively enhance cellular uptake of the siRNA under hypoxic and low-pH conditions to cure glioma. For this purpose, malate dehydrogenase lipid molecules were synthesized, which contain nitroimidazole groups that impart hypoxia sensitivity and specificity as hydrophobic tails, and tertiary amines as hydrophilic head groups. These malate dehydrogenase molecules, together with DSPE-PEG2000 and cholesterol, were self-assembled into O'(1),O(1)-(3-(dimethylamino)propane-1,2-diyl) 16-bis(2-(2-methyl-5-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethyl) di(hexadecanedioate) liposomes (MLP) to encapsulate siRNA through electrostatic interaction...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221365/glial-glt-1-blockade-in-infralimbic-cortex-as-a-new-strategy-to-evoke-rapid-antidepressant-like-effects-in-rats
#7
J Gasull-Camós, M Tarrés-Gatius, F Artigas, A Castañé
Ketamine and deep brain stimulation produce rapid antidepressant effects in humans and rodents. An increased AMPA receptor (AMPA-R) signaling in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been suggested to mediate these responses. However, little research has addressed the direct effects of enhancing glutamate tone or AMPA-R stimulation in mPFC subdivisions. The current study investigates the behavioral and neurochemical consequences of glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) blockade or s-AMPA microinfusion in the infralimbic (IL) and prelimbic (PrL) cortex...
February 21, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221080/blockade-of-glutamatergic-transmission-in-the-primate-basolateral-amygdala-suppresses-active-behavior-without-altering-social-interaction
#8
Patrick A Forcelli, Laurie L Wellman, Ludise Malkova
The amygdala is an integrator of affective processing, and a key component of a network regulating social behavior. While decades of lesion studies in nonhuman primates have shown alterations in social interactions after amygdala damage, acute manipulations of the amygdala in primates have been underexplored. We recently reported (Wellman, Forcelli, Aguilar, & Malkova, 2016) that acute pharmacological inhibition of the basolateral complex of the amygdala (BLA) or the central nucleus of the amygdala increased affiliative social interactions in experimental dyads of macaques; this was achieved through microinjection of a GABA-A receptor agonist...
February 20, 2017: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219782/characterization-of-phospholipid-nitroxidation-by-lc-ms-in-biomimetic-models-and-in-h9c2-myoblast-using-a-lipidomic-approach
#9
Tânia Melo, Pedro Domingues, Teresa M Ribeiro-Rodrigues, Henrique Girão, Marcela A Segundo, M Rosário M Domingues
Under nitroxidative stress conditions, lipids are prone to be modified by reaction with reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and different modifications were reported to occur in fatty acids. However, in the case of phospholipids (PL) studied under nitroxidative stress conditions, only nitroalkene derivatives of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), were reported when using both in vitro biomimetic conditions and in vivo model system of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Therefore, in order to further explore other nitroxidative modifications of PL, a biomimetic model of nitroxidation combined with liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (MS) and MS/MS approaches were used to characterize the nitrated and nitroxidized derivatives of PCs and PEs...
February 17, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218844/tuning-the-homo-lumo-energy-gap-of-small-diamondoids-using-inverse-molecular-design
#10
Jos L Teunissen, Frank De Proft, Freija De Vleeschouwer
Functionalized diamondoids show great potential as building blocks for various new optoelectronic applications. However, until now, only simple mono- and double substitutions were investigated. In this work, we considered up to 10 and 6 sites for functionalization of the two smallest diamondoids, adamantane and diamantane, respectively, in search for diamondoid derivatives with a minimal and a maximal HOMO-LUMO energy gap. To this end, the energy gap was optimized systematically using an inverse molecular design methodology based on the best-first-search algorithm combined with a Monte Carlo component to escape local optima...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217550/antidiabetic-and-anticancer-activities-of-mangifera-indica-cv-okrong-leaves
#11
Aunyachulee Ganogpichayagrai, Chanida Palanuvej, Nijsiri Ruangrungsi
Diabetes and cancer are a major global public health problem. Plant-derived agents with undesirable side-effects were required. This study aimed to evaluate antidiabetic and anticancer activities of the ethanolic leaf extract of Mangifera indica cv. Okrong and its active phytochemical compound, mangiferin. Antidiabetic activities against yeast α-glucosidase and rat intestinal α-glucosidase were determined using 1 mM of p-nitro phenyl-α-D-glucopyranoside as substrate. Inhibitory activity against porcine pancreatic α-amylase was performed using 1 mM of 2-chloro-4 nitrophenol-α-D-maltotroside-3 as substrate...
January 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217354/four-pyrrole-derivatives-used-as-building-blocks-in-the-synthesis-of-minor-groove-binders
#12
Alan R Kennedy, Abedawn I Khalaf, Fraser J Scott, Colin J Suckling
The title nitro-pyrrole-based compounds, C7H8N2O4, (I) (ethyl 4-nitro-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxyl-ate), its derivative C12H14N2O4, (II) [ethyl 4-nitro-1-(4-pent-yn-yl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxyl-ate], C15H26N4O3, (III) {N-[3-(di-methyamino)prop-yl]-1-isopentyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide}, and C20H27N9O5, (IV) {1-(3-azido-prop-yl)-4-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamido)-N-[2-(morpholin-4-yl)eth-yl]-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide}, are inter-mediates used in the synthesis of modified DNA minor-groove binders. In all four compounds, the nitro groups lie in the plane of the pyrrole ring...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217347/crystal-structure-of-e-4-hy-droxy-6-methyl-3-1-2-4-nitro-phen-yl-hydrazinyl-idene-eth-yl-2h-pyran-2-one
#13
Kirandeep, Ahmad Husain, Pooja Negi, Girijesh Kumar, Ramesh Kataria
The title compound, C14H13N3O5 (HMNP), was synthesized by the simple condensation of p-nitro-phenyl-hydrazine with de-hydro-acetic acid (DHA) in a 1:1 molar ratio in ethanol. HMNP has been characterized by using FT-IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR and UV-Vis spectroscopic and single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The crystal packing reveals strong hydrogen bonds between the NH group and the carbonyl O atom of di-hydro-pyran-one moiety, forming chains along [101]. The thermal stability of the synthesized compound was confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis and it was found to be stable up to 513 K...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217335/crystal-structure-of-3e-5-nitro-3-2-phenyl-hydrazinyl-idene-1h-indol-2-3h-one
#14
Jecika Maciel Velasques, Vanessa Carratu Gervini, Adaílton João Bortoluzzi, Renan Lira de Farias, Adriano Bof de Oliveira
The reaction between 5-nitro-isatin and phenyl-hydrazine in acidic ethanol yields the title compound, C14H10N4O3, whose mol-ecular structure deviates slightly from a planar geometry (r.m.s. deviation = 0.065 Å for the mean plane through all non-H atoms). An intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bond is present, forming a ring of graph-set motif S(6). In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by N-H⋯O and C-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter-actions into a two-dimensional network along (120), and rings of graph-set motif R2(2)(8), R2(2)(26) and R4(4)(32) are observed...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217324/crystal-structure-of-22-24-25-trimethyl-8-11-14-trioxa-25-aza-tetra-cyclo-19-3-1-0-2-7-0-15-20-penta-cosa-2-4-6-15-20-16-18-hexaen-23-one
#15
Van Tuyen Nguyen, Hong Hieu Truong, Tuan Anh Le, Anatoly T Soldatenkov, Tuyet Anh Dang Thi, Thi Thanh Van Tran, Natalia Ya Esina, Victor N Khrustalev
The title compound, C24H29NO4, is the product of a Petrenko-Kritchenko condensation of 1,5-bis-(2-formyl-phen-oxy)-3-oxa-pentane, pentan-3-one and methyl-ammonium acetate in ethanol. The mol-ecule has mirror symmetry. The aza-14-crown-3 ether ring adopts a bowl conformation stabilized by a weak intra-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bond. The conformation of the C-O-C-C-O-C-C-O-C polyether chain is t-g(+)-t-t-g(-)-t (t = trans, 180°; g = gauche, ±60°). The dihedral angle between the benzene rings fused to the aza-14-crown-4-ether moiety is 72...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217322/crystal-structure-of-e-2-4-anilinophen-yl-imino-meth-yl-4-nitro-phenol
#16
Md Serajul Haque Faizi, Ashanul Haque, Valentina A Kalibabchuk
In the title compound, C19H15N3O3, which crystallizes as the phenol-imine tautomer, the dihedral angle between the aromatic rings bridged by the NH unit is 47.16 (16)°. The dihedral angle between the rings bridged by the imine unit is 6.24 (15)°; this near coplanarity is reinforced by an intra-molecular O-H⋯N hydrogen bond, which generates an S(6) ring. In the crystal, N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds generate [201] C(13) chains. The chains are reinforced and cross-linked by C-H⋯O inter-actions to generate (001) sheets...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217318/crystal-structure-of-e-2-6-di-tert-butyl-4-2-2-4-di-nitro-phen-yl-hydrazinylidene-meth-yl-phenol
#17
Md Serajul Haque Faizi, Necmi Dege, Ashanul Haque, Valentina A Kalibabchuk, Mustafa Cemberci
The essential part (including all the non-hydrogen atoms except two methyl carbons) of the mol-ecule of the title compound, C21H26N4O5, lies on a mirror plane, which bis-ects the t-butyl groups. The conformation of the C=N bond of this Schiff base compound is E, and there is an intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bond present, forming an S(6) ring motif. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked via O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming zigzag chains propagating along the a-axis direction. There are no other significant inter-molecular contacts present...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215170/derivatives-of-6-nitrobenzimidazole-inhibit-fructose-mediated-protein-glycation-and-intracellular-reactive-oxygen-species-production
#18
Humera Jahan, Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary, Zarbad Shah, Khalid M Khan, Atta-Ur-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Benzimidazoles are important pharmacophores in drug discovery. Several of them are currently used drugs, such as flubendazole, omeprazole, and astemizole for the treatment of anthelmintic, antiulcerative, and antihistaminic diseases, respectively. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to study the antiglycation activity of nitrobenzimidazole derivatives against fructose-mediated human serum albumin (HSA) glycation. The study was also aimed to investigate effects of newly identified antiglycation inhibitors on AGEs-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species production, and associated impaired proliferation of the hepatocytes...
February 16, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215082/development-of-a-quechers-based-method-for-determination-of-carcinogenic-2-nitrofluorene-and-1-nitropyrene-in-rice-grains-and-vegetables-a-comparative-study-with-benzo-a-pyrene
#19
Kailin Deng, Wan Chan
Nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (nitro-PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants attracting increasing attention because of their potent mutagenicity to humans. Previous studies of nitro-PAHs focused on investigating their formation mechanisms and detecting them in atmospheric environment; however, few studies have reported their occurrence in food samples, and regulations on nitro-PAHs are still lacking. We report in this study the development and application of a quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) method for determination of nitro-PAHs in rice and vegetable samples...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214453/reciprocal-regulation-of-enos-h2s-and-co-synthesizing-enzymes-in-human-atheroma-correlation-with-plaque-stability-and-effects-of-simvastatin
#20
Fragiska Sigala, Panagiotis Efentakis, Dimitra Karageorgiadi, Konstadinos Filis, Paraskevas Zampas, Efstathios K Iliodromitis, George Zografos, Andreas Papapetropoulos, Ioanna Andreadou
The molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying plaque destabilization remain obscure. We sought to elucidate the correlation between NO, H2S and CO-generating enzymes, nitro-oxidative stress and plaque stability in carotid arteries. Carotid atherosclerotic plaques were collected from 62 patients who had undergone endarterectomy due to internal artery stenosis. Following histological evaluation the plaques were divided into stable and unstable ones. To investigate the impact of simvastatin we divided patients with stable plaques, into those receiving and to those not receiving simvastatin...
February 12, 2017: Redox Biology
keyword
keyword
54943
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"