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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335231/enhanced-activity-of-supported-ni-catalysts-promoted-by-pt-for-rapid-reduction-of-aromatic-nitro-compounds
#1
Huishan Shang, Kecheng Pan, Lu Zhang, Bing Zhang, Xu Xiang
To improve the activities of non-noble metal catalysts is highly desirable and valuable to the reduced use of noble metal resources. In this work, the supported nickel (Ni) and nickel-platinum (NiPt) nanocatalysts were derived from a layered double hydroxide/carbon composite precursor. The catalysts were characterized and the role of Pt was analysed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) mapping, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques...
June 4, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334863/consecutive-non-natural-pz-nucleobase-pairs-in-dna-impact-helical-structure-as-seen-in-50-%C3%AE-s-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#2
Robert W Molt, Millie M Georgiadis, Nigel G J Richards
Little is known about the influence of multiple consecutive 'non-standard' ( , 6-amino-5-nitro-2(1H)-pyridone, and , 2-amino-imidazo[1,2-a]-1,3,5-triazin-4(8H)-one) nucleobase pairs on the structural parameters of duplex DNA. nucleobase pairs follow standard rules for Watson-Crick base pairing but have rearranged hydrogen bonding donor and acceptor groups. Using the X-ray crystal structure as a starting point, we have modeled the motions of a DNA duplex built from a self-complementary oligonucleotide (5΄-CTTATPPPZZZATAAG-3΄) in water over a period of 50 μs and calculated DNA local parameters, step parameters, helix parameters, and major/minor groove widths to examine how the presence of multiple, consecutive nucleobase pairs might impact helical structure...
February 28, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334670/spatial-distribution-emission-source-and-health-risk-of-parent-pahs-and-derivatives-in-surface-soils-from-the-yangtze-river-delta-eastern-china
#3
ChuanYang Cai, JingYa Li, Di Wu, XiLong Wang, Daniel C W Tsang, XiangDong Li, JianTeng Sun, LiZhong Zhu, HuiZhong Shen, Shu Tao, WenXin Liu
243 surface soil samples were collected from the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region, and the concentration distributions and compositional profiles of 27 parent PAHs (PPAHs), nitro- and oxy-derivatives (NPAHs and OPAHs), respectively, and health risk of 16 PPAHs were determined. Atmospheric samples were collected at two sites with high topsoil concentrations of PAHs to assist in identifying the emission sources of PPAHs. The total concentrations of PPAHs, NPAHs and OPAHs fell in the ranges of 21.0-3563.2 ng/g, 0...
March 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334507/comparative-study-of-cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-commercial-jeffamines%C3%A2-and-polyethylenimine-in-cho-k1-cells
#4
Leniher Castan, Cristiano José da Silva, Eduardo Ferreira Molina, Raquel Alves Dos Santos
Jeffamines(®) are a family of polymers containing primary amine groups attached to the extremities of polyether backbone which can be used as biomaterials. They have been used in combination with polyethylenimine (PEI) to improve biocompatibility in drug and gene delivery systems. Despite these facts, very few studies have been done on cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of pure Jeffamines(®) or compared with PEI. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of Jeffamines(®) and PEI in CHO-K1 cells...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334039/l-arginine-attenuates-interleukin-1%C3%AE-il-1%C3%AE-induced-nuclear-factor-kappa-beta-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-caco-2-cells
#5
Qinghe Meng, Mitchell Cooney, Natesh Yepuri, Robert N Cooney
BACKGROUND: Specific nutrients like L-arginine (L-Arg) ameliorate intestinal inflammation, however the exact mechanisms of this effect are unclear. We hypothesized the anti-inflammatory effects of L-Arg require active transport and metabolism by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) to generate nitric oxide (NO). To test this hypothesis we examined the effects of L-Arg, L-Arg transport activity, NO production and iNOS inhibitor on IL-1β-mediated NF-κB-activation in Caco-2 cells. METHODS: Caco-2 cells were cultured, transfected with a NF-κB promoter luciferase vector, incubated ± L-Arg, ± IL-1β and luciferase activity was measured...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330190/phyto-synthesis-and-structural-characterization-of-catalytically-active-gold-nanoparticles-biosynthesized-using-delonix-regia-leaf-extract
#6
Preeti Dauthal, Mausumi Mukhopadhyay
Biological methods of nanoparticles synthesis are ecologically sound and sustainable alternative to the conventional methods. On the basis of aforesaid premise, the present study deals with the optimization and fabrication of gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) using easily available bio-resource, Delonix regia leaf extract. The use of practically nontoxic natural extracts and water allows the synthesis pathways presented to be considered as ''green'' and so permitting the synthesized Au-NPs to be used in sensitive areas, such as bioremediation...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328171/use-of-a-traceless-activating-and-directing-group-for-the-construction-of-trifluoromethylpyrazoles-one-pot-transformation-of-nitroolefins-and-trifluorodiazoethane
#7
Zhen Chen, Yan Zheng, Jun-An Ma
We disclose an efficient one-pot transformation of trifluorodiazoethane and higher perfluorinated homologues with various nitroolefins. This method takes advantage of the nitro group as a traceless activating and directing group (TADG) that is released in the aromatization step to produce 4-substituted 3-perfluoroalkyl pyrazoles with complete regioselectivity. The potential of this method is further demonstrated by the synthesis of penthiopyrad.
March 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326131/spectral-and-dft-studies-of-anion-bound-organic-receptors-time-dependent-studies-and-logic-gate-applications
#8
Srikala Pangannaya, Neethu Padinchare Purayil, Shweta Dabhi, Venu Mankad, Prafulla K Jha, Satyam Shinde, Darshak R Trivedi
New colorimetric receptors R1 and R2 with varied positional substitution of a cyano and nitro signaling unit having a hydroxy functionality as the hydrogen bond donor site have been designed, synthesized and characterized by FTIR, (1)H NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The receptors R1 and R2 exhibit prominent visual response for F(-) and AcO(-) ions allowing the real time analysis of these ions in aqueous media. The formation of the receptor-anion complexes has been supported by UV-vis titration studies and confirmed through binding constant calculations...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325791/individual-variations-in-nitric-oxide-synthase-dependent-sweating-in-young-and-older-males-during-exercise-in-the-heat-role-of-aerobic-power
#9
Tatsuro Amano, Naoto Fujii, Jeffrey C Louie, Robert D Meade, Glen P Kenny
We evaluated the association between aerobic power (defined by peak oxygen consumption; VO2peak) and the contribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) to the sweating response in young and older individuals during exercise in the heat. Data from 44 young (24 ± 1 years) and 48 older (61 ± 2 years) males with mean VO2peak of 47.8 ± 2.4 (range, 28.0-62.3) and 39.1 ± 2.3 (range, 26.4-55.7) mLO2 kg(-1) min(-1), respectively, were compiled from our prior studies. Participants performed two 15- to 30-min bouts of exercise at a fixed rate of metabolic heat production of 400 or 500 W, each separated by 15-20 min recovery in the heat (35°C, relative humidity of 20%)...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325667/early-lung-adenocarcinoma-in-mice-micro-computed-tomography-manifestations-and-correlation-with-pathology
#10
Lin Deng, Shi Man Xiao, Jin Wei Qiang, Yong Ai Li, Yu Zhang
Lung cancer is the most common fatal malignancy for both men and women and adenocarcinoma is the most common histologic type. Early diagnosis of lung cancer can significantly improve the survival rate of patients. This study aimed to investigate the micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) manifestations of early lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) in mice and to provide a new perspective for early clinical diagnosis. Early LAC models in 10 mice were established by subcutaneously injecting 1-methyl-3-nitro-1-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) solution...
March 15, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323896/biological-phosphorylation-of-an-unnatural-base-pair-ubp-using-a-drosophila-melanogaster-deoxynucleoside-kinase-dmdnk-mutant
#11
Fei Chen, Yuan Zhang, Ashley B Daugherty, Zunyi Yang, Ryan Shaw, Mengxing Dong, Stefan Lutz, Steven A Benner
One research goal for unnatural base pair (UBP) is to replicate, transcribe and translate them in vivo. Accordingly, the corresponding unnatural nucleoside triphosphates must be available at sufficient concentrations within the cell. To achieve this goal, the unnatural nucleoside analogues must be phosphorylated to the corresponding nucleoside triphosphates by a cascade of three kinases. The first step is the monophosphorylation of unnatural deoxynucleoside catalyzed by deoxynucleoside kinases (dNK), which is generally considered the rate limiting step because of the high specificity of dNKs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322109/tio2-nanorod-arrays-as-a-photocatalytic-coating-enhanced-antifungal-and-antibacterial-efficiency-of-ti-substrates
#12
Lu Jia, Jichuan Qiu, Lingqian Du, Zhi Li, Hong Liu, Shaohua Ge
AIM: To investigate the photocatalytic inactivation of fungi and bacteria mediated by TiO2 nanorod arrays (TNRs). MATERIALS & METHODS: The features of TNRs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction (XRD) and contact angle measurement. The antimicrobial efficiency was detected on biofilm and planktonic forms of Candida albicans, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis by crystal violet and XTT (2,3-bis [2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium-5-caboxanilide) assay, confocal laser scanning microscope and colony-forming assay...
March 21, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318087/3-aminodeoxypyranoses-in-glycosylation-diversity-oriented-synthesis-and-assembly-in-oligosaccharides
#13
Jing Zeng, Guangfei Sun, Wang Yao, Yangbin Zhu, Ruobin Wang, Lei Cai, Ke Liu, Qian Zhang, Xue-Wei Liu, Qian Wan
A concise, diversity-oriented approach for the synthesis of naturally occurring 3-amino- and 3-nitro-2,3,6-trideoxypyranose derivatives and analogues thereof from simple sugars has been developed. In addition, we investigated the synthesis of various 3-aminoglycosyl donors and their application in glycosylation reactions. These studies led to the successful synthesis of a tetrasaccharide containing four different 3-aminosugar components using ortho-alkynylbenzoate donors.
March 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317712/lc-esi-qtof-ms-identification-of-novel-antioxidant-peptides-obtained-by-enzymatic-and-microbial-hydrolysis-of-vegetable-proteins
#14
Elena Babini, Davide Tagliazucchi, Serena Martini, Lucilla Dei Più, Andrea Gianotti
Bioactive antioxidant peptides are more and more attracting the attention of food manufacturers for their potential to transform food in functional food, able to prevent a variety of chronic diseases associated with oxidative stress. In the present study proteins extracted from different vegetable sources (KAMUT® khorasan wheat, emmer, lupine and pea) were hydrolyzed with commercial enzymes and Lactobacillus spp. strains. Hydrolysates were separated by size exclusion chromatography and purified fractions were analyzed for their antioxidant activity...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316827/crystal-structure-of-6-7-dimeth-oxy-1-4-nitro-phen-yl-quinolin-4-1h-one-a-mol-ecular-scaffold-for-potential-tubulin-polymerization-inhibitors
#15
Vegard Torp Lien, Dag Erlend Olberg, Jo Klaveness, Carl Henrik Görbitz
The protein tubulin is central for maintaining normal cellular processes, and mol-ecules inter-fering with the tubulin dynamics have potential in the treatment of cancerous diseases. The title compound, C17H14N2O5, was prepared as a lead compound in a project dedicated to the development of therapeutic agents binding to the colchicine binding site on tubulin, thereby inter-fering with the cell division in cancer cells. It holds many of the main structural characteristics for colchicine binding and has the potential for further modification and functionalization...
March 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316822/crystal-structure-of-bis-%C3%AE-3-nitro-benzoato-%C3%AE%C2%BA-3-o-o-o-%C3%AE%C2%BA-3-o-o-o-bis-bis-3-cyano-pyridine-%C3%AE%C2%BAn-1-3-nitro-benzoato-%C3%AE%C2%BA-2-o-o-cadmium
#16
Tuncer Hökelek, Nurcan Akduran, Azer Özen, Güventürk Uğurlu, Hacali Necefoğlu
The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Cd2(C7H4NO4)4(C6H4N2)4], contains one Cd(II) atom, two 3-nitro-benzoate (NB) anions and two 3-cyano-pyridine (CPy) ligands. The two CPy ligands act as monodentate N(pyridine)-bonding ligands, while the two NB anions act as bidentate ligands through the carboxyl-ate O atoms. The centrosymmetric dinuclear complex is generated by application of inversion symmetry, whereby the Cd(II) atoms are bridged by the carboxyl-ate O atoms of two symmetry-related NB anions, thus completing the distorted N2O5 penta-gonal-bipyramidal coordination sphere of each Cd(II) atom...
March 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316798/crystal-structures-of-isomeric-4-bromo-n-2-nitro-phen-yl-sulfon-yl-benzamide-and-4-bromo-n-4-nitro-phen-yl-sulfon-yl-benzamide
#17
S Naveen, A G Sudha, E Suresha, N K Lokanath, P A Suchetan, M Abdoh
The syntheses and crystal structures of the isomeric 4-bromo-N-[(2-nitro-phen-yl)sulfon-yl]benzamide, (I), and 4-bromo-N-[(4-nitro-phen-yl)sulfon-yl]benzamide, (II), are described (mol-ecular formula = C13H9BrN2O5S in each case). The asymmetric unit of (I) contains two independent mol-ecules [(IA) and (IB)], while that of (II) contains one mol-ecule. The benzoic acid aromatic ring of mol-ecule (IA) is disordered due to rotation about the Car-C(=O) bond over two orientations in a 0.525 (9):0.475 (9) ratio...
March 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315349/diethylstilbestrol-induces-oxidative-dna-damage-resulting-in-apoptosis-of-spermatogonial-stem-cells-in-vitro
#18
Khaled Habas, Martin H Brinkworth, Diana Anderson
The spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are the only germline stem cells in adults that are responsible for the transmission of genetic information from mammals to the next generation. SSCs play a very important role in the maintenance of progression of spermatogenesis and help provide an understanding of the reproductive biology of future gametes and a strategy for diagnosis and treatment of infertility and male reproductive toxicity. Androgens/oestrogens are very important for the suitable maintenance of male germ cells...
March 14, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315005/effect-of-nitric-oxide-on-renal-autoregulation-during-hypothermia-in-the-rat
#19
Lars Mikael Broman, Mattias Carlström, Örjan Källskog, Mats Wolgast
Hypothermia-induced reduction of metabolic rate is accompanied by depression of both glomerular perfusion and filtration. The present study investigated whether these changes are linked to changes in renal autoregulation and nitric oxide (NO) signalling. During hypothermia, renal blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were reduced and urine production was increased, and this was linked with reduced plasma cGMP levels and increased renal vascular resistance. Although stimulation of NO production decreased vascular resistance, blood pressure and urine flow, intravenous infusion of the NO precursor L-arginine or the NO donor sodium nitroprusside did not alter RBF or GFR...
March 17, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314512/modulation-of-opioid-receptor-affinity-and-efficacy-via-n-substitution-of-9%C3%AE-hydroxy-5-3-hydroxyphenyl-morphan-synthesis-and-computer-simulation-study
#20
Phong M Truong, Sergio A Hassan, Yong-Sok Lee, Theresa A Kopajtic, Jonathan L Katz, Aaron M Chadderdon, John R Traynor, Jeffrey R Deschamps, Arthur E Jacobson, Kenner C Rice
The enantiomers of a variety of N-alkyl-, N-aralkyl-, and N-cyclopropylalkyl-9β-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)morphans were synthesized employing cyanogen bromide and K2CO3 to improve the original N-demethylation procedure. Their binding affinity to the μ-, δ-, and κ-opioid receptors (ORs) was determined and functional (GTPγ(35)S) assays were carried out on those with reasonable affinity. The 1R,5R,9S-enantiomers (1R,5R,9S)-(-)-5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(4-nitrophenethyl)-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-ol (1R,5R,9S-16), (1R,5R,9S)-(-) 2-cinnamyl-5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-2-azabicyclo[3...
March 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
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