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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149514/isolation-and-characterization-of-high-protein-and-phycocyanin-producing-mutants-of-arthrospira-platensis
#1
Geeta G Shirnalli, Manish S Kaushik, Ajay Kumar, Gerard Abraham, Pawan K Singh
Cyanobacteria are known to exhibit their efficiency in producing high concentrations of compounds of commercial value. Arthrospira is one such cyanobacterium which is considered as important source of protein (65%) and other nutrients. In present study, chemical mutagenesis using N-methyl-Ń-Nitro-nitrosoguanidine (NTG), a proven potent mutagen for cyanobacteria was used to bring stable and desirable alteration in Arthrospira platensis ARM 730. Three morphological mutants (G-1, G-2, and SF) were selected and characterized...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148728/neutral-luminescent-metal-organic-frameworks-structural-diversification-photophysical-properties-and-sensing-applications
#2
Gouri Chakraborty, Sanjay K Mandal
Utilizing flexible bis(tridentate)polypyridyl ligands, the two new luminescent 2D metal organic frameworks {Zn2(tpbn)(2,6-NDC)2}n (1) and {[Zn2(tphn)(2,6-NDC)2]·4H2O}n (2), where tpbn = N,N',N″,N‴-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,4-diaminobutane, tphn = N,N',N″,N‴-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,6-diaminohexane, and 2,6-H2NDC = 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid, have been isolated in good yields under solvothermal conditions. Their solid-state molecular structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffractometry...
November 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148553/rare-earth-metal-organic-complexes-constructed-from-hydroxyl-and-carboxyl-modified-arenesulfonate-syntheses-structure-evolutions-and-ultraviolet-visible-and-near-infrared-luminescence
#3
Ying-Hui Xiao, Zhao-Peng Deng, Zhi-Biao Zhu, Li-Hua Huo, Shan Gao
The reaction of 2-hydroxyl-4-carboxylbenzenesulfonic acid (H3L) and rare earth (RE) metal nitrates together with two N-heterocyclic ligands gives rise to the formation of 38 complexes, namely, [La(H2L)2(ox)0.5(H2O)4]n·2nH2O (1-La) (ox = oxalate), [RE2(H2L)2 (ox)(H2O)12]·2(H2L)·8H2O (2-RE) (RE = Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy), [RE(SO4)(H2O)7]·(H2L)·3H2O (3-RE) (RE = Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and Y), [RE(L)(H2O)3]n·nH2O (4-RE) (RE = Er, Tm, Yb and Lu), [RE(L)(2,2'-bipy)(H2O)]n (5-RE) (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Y, 2,2'-bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine), [RE(L)(1,10-phen)(H2O)]n (6-RE) (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, 1,10-phen = 1,10-phenanthroline), and [RE(L')(1,10-phen)2(H2O)]n (7-RE) (RE = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Yb and Lu, H3L' = 2-hydroxy-3-nitro-4-carboxybenzenesulfonic acid), which have been characterized by elemental analysis, IR, TG, PL, powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction...
November 17, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147875/evaluation-of-nfsa-like-nitroreductases-from-neisseria-meningitidis-and-bartonella-henselae-for-enzyme-prodrug-therapy-targeted-cellular-ablation-and-dinitrotoluene-bioremediation
#4
Michelle H Rich, Abigail V Sharrock, Kelsi R Hall, David F Ackerley, Joanna K MacKichan
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the activities of two candidate nitroreductases, Neisseria meningitidis NfsA (NfsA_Nm) and Bartonella henselae (PnbA_Bh), with the nitro-prodrugs, CB1954 and metronidazole, and the environmental pollutants 2,4- and 2,6-dinitrotoluene. RESULTS: NfsA_Nm and PnbA_Bh were evaluated in Escherichia coli over-expression assays and as His6-tagged proteins in vitro. With the anti-cancer prodrug CB1954, both enzymes were more effective than the canonical O2-insensitive nitroreductase E...
November 17, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147793/pharmacophoric-characteristics-of-dengue-virus-ns2b-ns3pro-inhibitors-a-systematic-review-of-the-most-promising-compounds
#5
REVIEW
Camyla Alves Leonel, William Gustavo Lima, Michelli Dos Santos, Ariane Coelho Ferraz, Alex Gutterres Taranto, José Carlos de Magalhães, Luciana Lara Dos Santos, Jaqueline Maria Siqueira Ferreira
Dengue virus (DENV) infection can lead to a wide range of clinical manifestations, including fatal hemorrhagic complications. There is a need to find effective pharmacotherapies to treat this disease due to the lack of specific immunotherapies and antiviral drugs. That said, the DENV NS2B/NS3pro protease complex is essential in both the viral multiplication cycle and in disease pathogenesis, and is considered a promising target for new antiviral therapies. Here, we performed a systematic review to evaluate the pharmacophoric characteristics of promising compounds against NS2B/NS3pro reported in the past 10 years...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145072/pyridoxamine-driven-selective-turn-off-detection-of-picric-acid-using-glutathione-stabilized-fluorescent-copper-nanoclusters-and-its-applications-with-chemically-modified-cellulose-strips
#6
Ravi Patel, Shilpa Bothra, Rajender Kumar, Guido Crisponi, Suban K Sahoo
The present work reports the interaction of various vitamin B6 cofactors with the red emitting glutathione stabilized copper nanoclusters (GSH-CuNCs). Addition of pyridoxamine (PM) resulted a new turn-on band at 410nm due to the possible adsorption over the surface of GSH-CuNCs. The nano-assembly PM-GSH-CuNCs was applied for the selective detection of nitro-aromatic compounds. Upon addition of picric acid (PA), the fluorescence of PM-GSH-CuNCs was selectively quenched at 410nm and ~ 625nm among the other tested nitro-aromatic compounds...
November 9, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143903/whole-community-transcriptome-of-a-sequencing-batch-reactor-transforming-2-4-dinitroanisole-dnan-and-3-nitro-1-2-4-triazol-5-one-nto
#7
Jennifer Weidhaas, Alexander Panaccione, Ananda Shankar Bhattacharjee, Ramesh Goel, Angela Anderson, Saraswati Poudel Acharya
Two sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) were run to bio-mineralize 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN) and 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (NTO) in lab scale settings. The reactors were shown to reproducibly biotransform these munitions under aerobic and anaerobic conditions during the operations of these SBRs. Complete removal (100% biotransformation) of DNAN (initially 17.7 ± 5.4 mg L(-1)) and NTO (initially 15.0 ± 7.1 mg L(-1)) was observed in an anaerobic SBR when Luria-Bertani (LB) broth was present. In contrast, an aerobic SBR degraded only 58 ± 22% of DNAN (initially 19...
November 16, 2017: Biodegradation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143197/three-cases-of-hereditary-tyrosinaemia-type-1-neuropsychiatric-outcomes-and-brain-imaging-following-treatment-with-ntbc
#8
Helen Walker, Mervi Pitkanen, Yusof Rahman, Sally F Barrington
AIM: To examine neuropsychiatric outcomes in adults with hereditary tyrosinaemia type I (HT-1), treated with 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC) and correlate these with functional imaging as well as with tyrosine and phenylalanine-tyrosine (Phe:Tyr) ratios. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of three adult HT-1 patients with a particular focus on their FDG PET/CT brain scans, neuropsychiatric assessment (including neurocognitive assessment and mood and anxiety ratings) as well as mean tyrosine and phenylalanine levels and Phe:Tyr ratios for 3-month period...
November 16, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142640/evaluation-of-c-albicans-and-s-mutans-adherence-on-different-provisional-crown-materials
#9
Gulsum Sayin Ozel, Mehmet Burak Guneser, Ozgur Inan, Ayce Unverdi Eldeniz
PURPOSE: Bacterial adhesion on provisional crown materials retained for a long time can influence the duration for which permanent prosthetic restorations can be healthily worn in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to compare seven different commonly used provisional crown materials with regard to Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans surface adhesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For each group, twenty specimens of the provisional fixed prosthodontic materials TemDent (Schütz), Imıdent (Imıcryl), Tab 2000 (Kerr), Structur Premium (Voco), Systemp (Ivoclar Vivadent), Acrytemp (Zhermack), and Takilon-BBF (Takilon) were prepared (diameter, 10...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142413/antiurolithiatic-potential-of-neeri-against-calcium-oxalate-stones-by-crystallization-inhibition-free-radicals-scavenging-and-nrk-52e-cell-protection-from-oxalate-injury
#10
Parveen Kumar Goyal, Santosh Kumar Verma, Anil Kumar Sharma
Background: Neeri is a well-established polyherbal formulation prescribed for renal stones by the physicians but has not been experimentally evaluated for its antiurolithiatic potential using cell-lines. Objective: This study is aimed to scientifically substantiate the antiurolithiatic effect of Neeri extract (NRE) through calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystallization inhibition, scavenging of free radicals, and protection of renal tubular epithelial NRK-52E cells from oxalate-induced injury...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140411/effect-of-angiotensin-ii-and-acth-on-adrenal-blood-flow-in-the-male-rat-adrenal-gland-in-vivo
#11
Abdul J Shah, Tamas Kriska, Kathryn M Gauthier, John R Falck, William B Campbell
Angiotensin II (Ang II) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) regulate adrenal vascular tone in vitro through endothelial and/or zona glomeulosa cell-derived mediators. The role of these mediators in regulating adrenal blood flow (ABF) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) was examined in anesthetized rats. Ang II (0.01-100 ng/kg) increased ABF (maximal increase of 97.2 ± 6.9 perfusion units (PU) at 100 ng/kg) and MAP (basal, 115 ± 7 mm Hg; Ang II, 163 ± 5 mm Hg). ACTH (0.1-1000 ng/kg) also increased ABF (maximum increase of 91...
November 13, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140265/anti-inflammatory-potential-of-1-nitro-2-phenylethylene
#12
Michelle A Sugimoto, Márcia de Jesus Amazonas da Silva, Larissa Froede Brito, Rosivaldo Dos Santos Borges, Flávio Almeida Amaral, Ana Paula de Araujo Boleti, Maritza Echevarria Ordoñez, Jose Carlos Tavares, Lirlandia Pires Sousa, Emerson Silva Lima
Inflammation is a reaction of the host to infectious or sterile stimuli and has the physiological purpose of restoring tissue homeostasis. However, uncontrolled or unresolved inflammation can lead to tissue damage, giving rise to a plethora of chronic inflammatory diseases, including metabolic syndrome and autoimmunity pathologies with eventual loss of organ function. Beta-nitrostyrene and its derivatives are known to have several biological activities, including anti-edema, vasorelaxant, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer...
November 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138846/itr%C3%A2-284-modulates-cell-differentiation-in-human-chronic-myelogenous-leukemia-k562-cells
#13
Jai-Sing Yang, Chao-Ying Lee, Hsin-Chung Cho, Chi-Cheng Lu, Sheng-Chu Kuo, Yen-Fang Wen, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Miau-Rong Lee, Shih-Chang Tsai
ITR‑284 is a carboxamide analog that can inhibit proliferation in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. To understand the effects and molecular mechanisms of ITR‑284 in human erythromyeloblastoid leukemia, we treated K562 cells with different concentrations of ITR‑284 (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 nM) and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) (0, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5 and 10 µM) for 24 h. The IC50 of ITR‑284 was ~10 nM in K562 cells treated for 24 h as determined by MTT assay. May-Grünwald-Giemsa staining and nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) assays were used to determine cell morphology changes and differentiation after ITR‑284 and ATRA treatment...
November 9, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136940/accelerated-removal-of-high-concentration-p-chloronitrobenzene-using-bioelectrocatalysis-process-and-its-microbial-communities-analysis
#14
Xinhong Peng, Xianhui Pan, Xin Wang, Dongyang Li, Pengfei Huang, Guanhua Qiu, Ke Shan, Xizhang Chu
p-Chloronitrobenzene (p-CNB) is a persistent refractory and toxic pollutant with a concentration up to 200 mg/L in industrial wastewater. Here, a super-fast removal rate was found at 0.2-0.8 V of external voltage over a p-CNB concentration of 40-120 mg/L when a bioelectrochemical technology is used comparing to the natural biodegradation and electrochemical methods. The reduction kinetics (k) was fitted well according to pseudo-first order model with respect to the different initial concentration, indicating a 1...
October 19, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136777/anti-hypertensive-and-vasodilatory-effects-of-amended-banxia-baizhu-tianma-tang
#15
Chu Shan Tan, Yean Chun Loh, Chiew Hoong Ng, Yung Sing Ch'ng, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Mariam Ahmad, Mun Fei Yam
Although Banxia Baizhu Tianma Tang (BBT) has been long administered for hypertensive treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the ratio of the herbal components that makes up the formulation has not been optimized with respect to the anti-hypertensive effect that it inherently possesses. A newly amended BBT (ABBT) formulation was developed using the evidence-based approach of orthogonal stimulus-response compatibility model. The ABBT showed enhanced therapeutic effect while maintaining its traditional theoretical approach rooted in TCM...
November 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135101/nor1-expression-and-its-relationship-with-prognosis-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Yinzhi Deng, Xiangyu Zhou, Xingchao Xiang, Yangli Ou, Jianhua He
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the expression of NOR1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue and its relationship with prognosis. METHODS: A sample of 60 specimens including HCC and adjacent normal tissues were collected from postoperative HCC patients from February to September 2011. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the positive expression of the oxidored-nitro domain containing protein 1 (NOR1), the postoperative disease-free survival (DFS) rate and then the overall survival (OS) was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133557/a-novel-mechanism-of-inactivating-antibacterial-nitro-compounds-in-the-human-pathogen-staphylococcus-aureus-by-overexpression-of-a-nadh-dependent-flavin-nitroreductase
#17
Ebaa M El-Hossary, Konrad U Förstner, Patrice François, Damien Baud, Karin Streker, Jacques Schrenzel, Knut Ohlsen, Ulrike Holzgrabe
Recently, the nitro substituted bisquaternary bisnaphthalimides were reported to have substantial anti-infective activity against Gram-positive bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Here, we selected resistant S. aureus clones by cultivation in increasing concentrations of the most active compound MT02. Interestingly, MT02 resistant variants induced a diffusible red color of the broth. Chromatographic and spectroscopic investigations revealed a stepwise reduction of the bisquaternary bisnaphthalimides̀ nitro groups to amino groups...
November 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132974/topical-electrophilic-nitro-fatty-acids-potentiate-cutaneous-inflammation
#18
Alicia R Mathers, Cara D Carey, Meaghan E Killeen, Sonia R Salvatore, Laura K Ferris, Bruce A Freeman, Francisco J Schopfer, Louis D Falo
Endogenous electrophilic fatty acids mediate anti-inflammatory responses by modulating metabolic and inflammatory signal transduction and gene expression. Nitro-fatty acids and other electrophilic fatty acids may thus be useful for the prevention and treatment of immune-mediated diseases, including inflammatory skin disorders. In this regard, subcutaneous (SC) injections of nitro oleic acid (OA-NO2), an exemplary nitro-fatty acid, inhibit skin inflammation in a model of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Given the nitration of unsaturated fatty acids during metabolic and inflammatory processes and the growing use of fatty acids in topical formulations, we sought to further study the effect of nitro-fatty acids on cutaneous inflammation...
November 10, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132093/a-benzothiazole-piperazine-derivative-with-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitory-activity-improvement-in-streptozotocin-induced-cognitive-deficits-in-rats
#19
Ümide Demir Özkay, Özgür Devrim Can, Begüm Nurpelin Sağlık, Nazlı Turan
BACKGROUND: Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors are frequently prescribed to mitigate the cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease. Thus, we investigated the possible efficacy of the AChE inhibitor 2-[(6-Nitro-2-benzothiazolyl)amino]-2-oxoethyl4-[2-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl] piperazine-1 carbodithioate (BPCT) in a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced Alzheimer's disease model (SADM). METHODS: First, we analyzed the molecular interaction of BPCT with AChE via a docking study...
June 30, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131608/metabolism-and-photolysis-of-2-4-dinitroanisole-in-arabidopsis
#20
Hunter W Schroer, Xueshu Li, Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Craig L Just
New insensitive munitions explosives, including 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN), are replacing traditional explosive compounds to protect soldiers and simplify transport logistics. Despite the occupational safety benefits of these new explosives, feasible strategies for cleaning up DNAN from soil and water have not been developed. Here, we evaluate the metabolism of DNAN by the model plant Arabidopsis to determine whether phytoremediation can be used to clean up contaminated sites. Furthermore, we evaluate the role of photodegradation of DNAN and its plant metabolites within Arabidopsis leaves to determine the potential impact of photolysis on the phytoremediation of contaminants...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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