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Rinki Kumari, Preeti Gupta, Swati Tiwari
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) and unfolded protein response (UPR) pathways are important for quality and quantity control of membrane and secretory proteins. We have identified orthologs of ER-associated ubiquitin conjugating enzymes (E2s) Ubc6/Ube2j2 and Ubc7/Ube2g2, ubiquitin ligases (E3) Hrd1 and GP78/AMFR, and sensor of UPR, Ire1 in E. histolytica that show conservation of important features of these proteins. Biochemical characterization of the ortholog of ERAD E2, Ubc7/Ube2g2 (termed as EhUbc7), was carried out...
March 28, 2018: Parasitology Research
Fujiao Duan, Jicheng Jiang, Chunhua Song, Peng Wang, Hua Ye, Liping Dai, Jianying Zhang, Kaijuan Wang
AIM: To screen and validate the gastric cancer-associated long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). METHODS: Based on case-control design, we select the differentially expressed lncRNAs by bioinformation tools and validate SNPs in lncRNAs genes in population. Attributable risk percentage (ARP) and population attributable risk percentage (PARP) were used to assess the effect of epidemiology. RESULTS: Four lncRNAs with SNPs (lnc-EVX1-3:3 (rs1859168), lnc-MACC1-1:7 (rs3815254), lnc-AMFR-1:1 (rs4784659) and lnc-ZNF33B-2:1 (rs579501)) were selected to be validated in population...
March 10, 2018: Gene
K Holl, H He, M Wedemeyer, L Clopton, S Wert, J K Meckes, R Cheng, A Kastner, A A Palmer, E E Redei, L C Solberg Woods
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex illness caused by both genetic and environmental factors. Antidepressant resistance also has a genetic component. To date, however, very few genes have been identified for major depression or antidepressant resistance. In this study, we investigated whether outbred heterogeneous stock (HS) rats would be a suitable model to uncover the genetics of depression and its connection to antidepressant resistance. The Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat, one of the eight founders of the HS, is a recognized animal model of juvenile depression and is resistant to fluoxetine antidepressant treatment...
February 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
Shang-Lun Chiang, Bharath Kumar Velmurugan, Chia-Min Chung, Shu-Hui Lin, Zhi-Hong Wang, Chun-Hung Hua, Ming-Hsui Tsai, Tzer-Min Kuo, Kun-Tu Yeh, Pei-Ying Chang, Yi-Hsin Yang, Ying-Chin Ko
Overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 in oral cancer increases lymph node metastasis and is associated with a poor prognosis. The potential of celecoxib (CXB) use is reported in cancer treatment by inhibiting proliferation through apoptosis, but the effects on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cancer cell mobility remain unclear. We performed a preclinical study and population-based study to evaluate CXB use in the prevention of oral cancer progression and occurrence. The in-vitro findings showed that CXB is involved in the inhibition of EMT and cell mobility through blocking transcription factors (Slug, Snail and ZEB1), cytoplasmic mediators (focal adhesion kinase (FAK), vimentin and β-catenin), cell adhesion molecules (cadherins and integrins), and surface receptors (AMFR and EGFR)...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jianneng Li, Mohammad Alyamani, Ao Zhang, Kai-Hsiung Chang, Michael Berk, Zhenfei Li, Ziqi Zhu, Marianne Petro, Cristina Magi-Galluzzi, Mary-Ellen Taplin, Jorge A Garcia, Kevin Courtney, Eric A Klein, Nima Sharifi
Prostate cancer is driven by androgen stimulation of the androgen receptor (AR). The next-generation AR antagonist, enzalutamide, prolongs survival, but resistance and lethal disease eventually prevail. Emerging data suggest that the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is upregulated in this context, stimulating expression of AR-target genes that permit continued growth despite AR blockade. However, countering this mechanism by administration of GR antagonists is problematic because GR is essential for life. We show that enzalutamide treatment in human models of prostate cancer and patient tissues is accompanied by a ubiquitin E3-ligase, AMFR, mediating loss of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 (11β-HSD2), which otherwise inactivates cortisol, sustaining tumor cortisol concentrations to stimulate GR and enzalutamide resistance...
February 13, 2017: ELife
Barbara Medvar, Viswanathan Raghuram, Trairak Pisitkun, Abhijit Sarkar, Mark A Knepper
Aquaporin-2 (AQP2) is regulated in part via vasopressin-mediated changes in protein half-life that are in turn dependent on AQP2 ubiquitination. Here we addressed the question, "What E3 ubiquitin ligase is most likely to be responsible for AQP2 ubiquitination?" using large-scale data integration based on Bayes' rule. The first step was to bioinformatically identify all E3 ligase genes coded by the human genome. The 377 E3 ubiquitin ligases identified in the human genome, consisting predominant of HECT, RING, and U-box proteins, have been used to create a publically accessible and downloadable online database (https://hpcwebapps...
July 1, 2016: Physiological Genomics
C Z Chen, Y N Zhu, M L Chai, L S Dai, Y Gao, H Jiang, L J Zhang, Y Ding, S Y Liu, Q Y Li, W F Lu, J B Zhang
Our study clarifies the role of the autocrine motility factor receptor (AMFR) gene in porcine preadipocyte differentiation. AMFR-siRNA was transfected into porcine preadipocytes and the preadipocytes were induced to differentiation. Subsequently, qRT-PCR was conducted to examine changes in mRNA expression of a series of genes in porcine preadipocytes, including AMFR, sterol-regulatory element-binding protein-1a (SREBP1a), SREBP2, insulin-induced gene 1 (Insig1), and Insig2. Expression changes in the mRNA of genes regulating adipocyte differentiation were also analyzed using qRT-PCR, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα), and Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2)...
April 7, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Fabien Llambi, Yue-Ming Wang, Bernadette Victor, Mao Yang, Desiree M Schneider, Sébastien Gingras, Melissa J Parsons, Janet H Zheng, Scott A Brown, Stéphane Pelletier, Tudor Moldoveanu, Taosheng Chen, Douglas R Green
The mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis is initiated by mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP). The BCL-2 family effectors BAX and BAK are thought to be absolutely required for this process. Here, we report that BCL-2 ovarian killer (BOK) is a bona fide yet unconventional effector of MOMP that can trigger apoptosis in the absence of both BAX and BAK. However, unlike the canonical effectors, BOK appears to be constitutively active and unresponsive to antagonistic effects of the antiapoptotic BCL-2 proteins...
April 7, 2016: Cell
Xiangdong Zhu, Shijun Yang, Liang Wang, Yuchen Liu, Feng Qian, Wenqing Yao, Shicheng Zhang, Jianmin Chen
Antibiotic mycelial fermentation residues (AMFRs), which are emerging solid pollutants, have been recognized as hazardous waste in China since 2008. Nitrogen (N), which is an environmental sensitivity element, is largely retained in AMFR samples derived from fermentation substrates. Pyrolysis is a promising technology for the treatment of solid waste. However, the outcomes of N element during the pyrolysis of AMFRs are still unknown. In this study, the conversion of N element during the pyrolysis of AMFRs was tracked using XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) and online TG-FTIR-MS (Thermogravimetry-Fourier transform infrared-Mass spectrometry) technology...
April 2016: Environmental Pollution
Kang Tian, Weiliang Zhong, Xifu Zheng, Jinrui Zhang, Pixu Liu, Weiguo Zhang, Han Liu
Cartilage defect is an intractable clinical problem. Therapeutic strategies for cartilage repair are far from optimal due to poor proliferation capacity of chondrocytes. Autologous chondrocyte implantation is a cell based therapy that uses in vitro amplified healthy chondrocytes from the patient. However, chondrocyte dedifferentiation during in vitro culture limits its application. Neuroleukin (NLK) is a multifunctional protein that stimulates cell growth and migration, together with its receptor autocrine motility factor receptor (AMFR, also called gp78)...
October 13, 2015: Scientific Reports
Yolanda Martínez-Burgo, Rubén Álvarez-Álvarez, Antonio Rodríguez-García, Paloma Liras
Streptomyces clavuligerus claR::aph is a claR-defective mutant, but in addition to its claR defect it also carries fewer copies of the resident linear plasmids pSCL2 and pSCL4 (on the order of 4 × 10(5)-fold lower than the wild-type strain), as shown by qPCR. To determine the function of ClaR without potential interference due to plasmid copy number, a new strain, S. clavuligerus ΔclaR::aac, with claR deleted and carrying the wild-type level of plasmids, was constructed. Transcriptomic analyses were performed in S...
October 2015: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Xiao-Rui Cheng, Xiu-Liang Cui, Yue Zheng, Gui-Rong Zhang, Peng Li, Huang Huang, Yue-Ying Zhao, Xiao-Chen Bo, Sheng-Qi Wang, Wen-Xia Zhou, Yong-Xiang Zhang
There are currently no approved effective therapies for Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD is a classic, multifactorial, complex syndrome. Thus, a polypharmacological or multitargeted approach to AD might provide better therapeutic benefits than monotherapies. However, it remains elusive which biological processes and biomolecules involved in the pathophysiologic processes of AD would constitute good targets for multitargeted therapy. This study proposes that a co-module, consisting of biological processes, cellular pathways and nodes, in a molecular subnetwork perturbed by different therapeutic drugs may be the optimal therapeutic target for an AD multitarget-based intervention...
2015: Current Alzheimer Research
Yingchao Wang, Lina Ma, Chunmei Wang, Guangyao Sheng, Lei Feng, Chuyun Yin
The aberrant activation of autocrine motility factor receptor (AMFR) has been implicated in several types of human cancer. The present study aimed to elucidate the effect of AMFR on the regulation of proliferation in an acute monocytic leukemia cell line, THP‑1. THP‑1 cells were transfected with AMFR‑targeted small interfering (si)RNA and a plasmid encoding a truncated AMFR, AMFR‑C, (pcDNA3.1‑AMFR‑C). The mRNA and protein levels of AMFR and the downstream targets, rho‑associated, coiled‑coil containing protein kinase 2 (ROCK2), cyclin D1, and B‑cell lymphoma (Bcl)‑2, were measured using reverse transcription‑quantitatibe polymerase chain reaction and immunoblot analyses...
September 2015: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Yasmin Halwani, Liliana D Kojic, Simon K Chan, Terry P Phang, Hamid Masoudi, Steven J M Jones, Ivan R Nabi, Sam M Wiseman
BACKGROUND: Autocrine motility factor receptor (AMFR) has been linked to metastasis and tumorigenicity. The aim of this study was to evaluate expression and prognostic significance of AMFR in colorectal carcinoma. METHODS: AMFR expression was evaluated in 127 colon cancer specimens, 131 rectal cancer specimens, and 47 colonic and 25 rectal corresponding lymph node metastases. Clinicopathological correlates of prognostic significance were established by univariate and multivariate analysis...
May 2015: American Journal of Surgery
Ulrika Qundos, Kimi Drobin, Cecilia Mattsson, Mun-Gwan Hong, Ronald Sjöberg, Björn Forsström, David Solomon, Mathias Uhlén, Peter Nilsson, Karl Michaëlsson, Jochen M Schwenk
PURPOSE: Affinity proteomic approaches by antibody bead arrays enable multiplexed analysis of proteins in body fluids. In the presented study, we investigated blood plasma within osteoporosis to discovery differential protein profiles and to propose novel biomarkers candidates for subsequent studies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Starting with 4608 antibodies and plasma samples from 22 women for an untargeted screening, a set of 72 proteins were suggested for further analysis...
June 2016: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
Qiang Wang, Xing Liu, Ye Cui, Yijun Tang, Wei Chen, Senlin Li, Huansha Yu, Youdong Pan, Chen Wang
Stimulator of interferon genes (STING, also known as MITA, ERIS, or MPYS) is essential for host immune responses triggered by microbial DNAs. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying STING-mediated signaling are not fully understood. We report here that, upon cytoplasmic DNA stimulation, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein AMFR was recruited to and interacted with STING in an insulin-induced gene 1 (INSIG1)-dependent manner. AMFR and INSIG1, an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, then catalyzed the K27-linked polyubiquitination of STING...
December 18, 2014: Immunity
Hong-Bing Shu, Yan-Yi Wang
STING (also known as MITA) is a central component in innate immunity against DNA virus. In this issue of Immunity, Wang et al. (2014) demonstrate that K27-linked polyubiquitination of STING (MITA) by the ER-associated E3 ligase AMFR is essential for STING (MITA)-mediated signaling and innate antiviral response.
December 18, 2014: Immunity
Harshaminder Kaur Grewal, Sneha Sethi
BACKGROUND: Autocrine motility factor receptor (AMFR) is a tumour motility stimulating protein secreted by tumour cells. The protein encoded by this gene is a glycosylated transmembrane protein and a receptor for autocrine motility factor. It has been known to play a role in progression of neoplastic lesions. Basement membranes are specialized extracellular matrices that serve as structural barriers as well as substrates for cellular interactions. The network of type IV collagen is thought to define the scaffold integrating other components such as laminins and perlecan into highly organized supramolecular architecture...
October 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Taichi Hara, Yukiko Hashimoto, Tomoko Akuzawa, Rika Hirai, Hisae Kobayashi, Ken Sato
Peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) resides in the plasma membrane and is required for myelin formation in the peripheral nervous system. Many PMP22 mutants accumulate in excess in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and lead to the inherited neuropathies of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. However, the mechanism through which PMP22 mutants accumulate in the ER is unknown. Here, we studied the quality control mechanisms for the PMP22 mutants L16P and G150D, which were originally identified in mice and patients with CMT...
November 11, 2014: Scientific Reports
Mingxu Song, Yuan Yin, Jiwei Zhang, Binbin Zhang, Zehua Bian, Chao Quan, Leyuan Zhou, Yaling Hu, Qifeng Wang, Shujuan Ni, Bojian Fei, Weili Wang, Xiang Du, Dong Hua, Zhaohui Huang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) that exert function by posttranscriptional suppression have recently brought insight in our understanding of the role of non-protein-coding RNAs in carcinogenesis and metastasis. In this study, we described the function and molecular mechanism of miR-139-5p in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its potential clinical application in CRC. We found that miR-139-5p was significantly downregulated in 73.8% CRC samples compared with adjacent noncancerous tissues (NCTs), and decreased miR-139-5p was associated with poor prognosis...
November 2014: Protein & Cell
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