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Evidence-based mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730278/mobilizing-community-health-workers-to-address-mental-health-disparities-for-underserved-populations-a-systematic-review
#1
Miya L Barnett, Araceli Gonzalez, Jeanne Miranda, Denise A Chavira, Anna S Lau
This systematic review evaluates efforts to date to involve community health workers (CHWs) in delivering evidence-based mental health interventions to underserved communities in the United States and in low- and middle-income countries. Forty-three articles (39 trials) were reviewed to characterize the background characteristics of CHW, their role in intervention delivery, the types of interventions they delivered, and the implementation supports they received. The majority of trials found that CHW-delivered interventions led to symptom reduction...
July 20, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729322/feasibility-of-a-uk-community-based-etherapy-mental-health-service-in-greater-manchester-repeated-measures-and-between-groups-study-of-living-life-to-the-full-interactive-sleepio-and-breaking-free-online-at-self-help-services
#2
Sarah Elison, Jonathan Ward, Chris Williams, Colin Espie, Glyn Davies, Stephanie Dugdale, Kathryn Ragan, Leanne Chisnall, Nicky Lidbetter, Keith Smith
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence to support the effectiveness of eTherapies for mental health, although limited data have been reported from community-based services. Therefore, this service evaluation reports on feasibility and outcomes from an eTherapy mental health service. SETTING: 'Self Help Services', an Increasing Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) eTherapy service in Greater Manchester. PARTICIPANTS: 1068 service users referred to the service for secondary care for their mental health difficulties...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728763/implementation-of-a-school-nurse-led-intervention-for-children-with-severe-obesity-in-new-york-city-schools
#3
Krista Schroeder, Haomiao Jia, Y Claire Wang, Arlene Smaldone
PURPOSE: The Healthy Options and Physical Activity Program (HOP) is a school nurse-led intervention for children with severe obesity. HOP was developed by experts at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene and implemented in New York City schools beginning in 2012. The purpose of this study was to evaluate HOP implementation with the goal of informing HOP refinement and potential future HOP dissemination. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study entailed a retrospective analysis of secondary data...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727937/preoperative-short-form-health-survey-score-is-predictive-of-return-to-play-and-minimal-clinically-important-difference-at-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#4
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Brenda Chang, Pramod B Voleti, Patricia Berkanish, Matthew R Cohn, David W Altchek, Answorth A Allen, Riley J Williams
BACKGROUND: There is increased interest in understanding the preoperative determinants of postoperative outcomes. Return to play (RTP) and the patient-reported minimal clinically important difference (MCID) are useful measures of postoperative outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). PURPOSE: To define the MCID after ACLR and to investigate the role of preoperative outcome scores for predicting the MCID and RTP after ACLR. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726599/improving-patient-experiences-of-mental-health-inpatient-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
T Wykes, E Csipke, P Williams, L Koeser, S Nash, D Rose, T Craig, P McCrone
BACKGROUND: Poorer patient views of mental health inpatient treatment predict both further admissions and, for those admitted involuntarily, longer admissions. As advocated in the UK Francis report, we investigated the hypothesis that improving staff training improves patients' views of ward care. METHOD: Cluster randomised trial with stepped wedge design in 16 acute mental health wards randomised (using the ralloc procedure in Stata) by an independent statistician in three waves to staff training...
July 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726482/-great-powers-and-great-responsibilities-a-brief-comment-on-a-brief-mobile-app-reduces-nonsuicidal-and-suicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-three-randomized-controlled-trials-franklin-et-al-2016
#6
Emma Nielsen, Olivia J Kirtley, Ellen Townsend
Online and mobile mental health applications (apps) herald exciting new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). With such rapid technological advances, it is paramount that health care innovation not be achieved to the detriment of intervention quality. Franklin et al.'s (2016) therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) app is a novel and timely addition to the mobile health landscape; uncommonly for such apps, it is evidence based. There are, however, several crucial challenges to be surmounted for TEC to be successful; arguably, interventions ought to build lasting skills that can be subsequently and consciously recruited to manage distress beyond the intervention period...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725854/improving-the-patient-experience-by-implementing-an-icu-diary-for-those-at-risk-of-post-intensive-care-syndrome
#7
K Taylor A Blair, Sarah D Eccleston, Hannah M Binder, Mary S McCarthy
The critical care literature in the US has recently brought attention to the impact an ICU experience can have long after the patient survives critical illness, particularly if delirium was present. Current recommendations to mitigate post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) are embedded in patient and family-centered care and aim to promote family presence in the ICU, provide support for decision-making, and enhance communication with the health-care team. Evidence-based interventions are few in number but include use of an ICU diary to minimize the psychological and emotional sequelae affecting patients and family members in the months following the ICU stay...
March 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725425/letter-to-the-editor-health-professionals-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-eating-disorders-who-do-we-think-they-are
#8
Deborah Lynn Reas, Kjersti Solhaug Gulliksen, Johanna Levallius, Rasmus Isomaa
Health professionals are not immune to stigmatizing attitudes and stereotypes found in society-at-large. Along with patients and their loved ones, treatment providers are important stakeholders - and gatekeepers - in the successful delivery of mental healthcare. Prevailing attitudes among professionals can facilitate timely recognition, enable access to care and uptake of evidence-based practices, or undermine help-seeking and therapeutic engagement. At an interactive activity at the 2016 Nordic Eating Disorders Society (NEDS) meeting, we asked health professionals to describe individuals with eating disorders...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724714/sedentary-time-in-older-adults-a-critical-review-of-measurement-associations-with-health-and-interventions
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer L Copeland, Maureen C Ashe, Stuart Jh Biddle, Wendy J Brown, Matthew P Buman, Sebastien Chastin, Paul A Gardiner, Shigeru Inoue, Barbara J Jefferis, Koichiro Oka, Neville Owen, Luís B Sardinha, Dawn A Skelton, Takemi Sugiyama, Shilpa Dogra
Sedentary time (ST) is an important risk factor for a variety of health outcomes in older adults. Consensus is needed on future research directions so that collaborative and timely efforts can be made globally to address this modifiable risk factor. In this review, we examined current literature to identify gaps and inform future research priorities on ST and healthy ageing. We reviewed three primary topics:(1) the validity/reliability of self-report measurement tools, (2) the consequences of prolonged ST on geriatric-relevant health outcomes (physical function, cognitive function, mental health, incontinence and quality of life) and(3) the effectiveness of interventions to reduce ST in older adults...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724423/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-telephone-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-tide-telephone-intervention-for-depression
#10
Birgit Watzke, Elisa Haller, Maya Steinmann, Daniela Heddaeus, Martin Härter, Hans-Helmut König, Karl Wegscheider, Thomas Rosemann
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of evidence-based treatments for depression, a large proportion of patients remains untreated or adequate treatment is initiated with delay. This situation is particularly critical in primary care, where not only most individuals first seek help for their mental health problems, but also depressive disorders - particularly mild to moderate levels of severity - are highly prevalent given the high comorbidity of chronic somatic conditions and depression...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721693/towards-relational-recovery-nurses-practices-with-consumers-and-families-with-dependent-children-in-mental-health-inpatient-units
#11
Kim Foster, Sophie Isobel
Facilitating parent-child and family connections during parental hospitalization provides important opportunities for mental health services to support individual and family recovery. Nurses are often the primary point of contact for families in the inpatient context. They play an integral role in the care provision of consumers and families and in supporting consumers' recovery. The aim of the present qualitative study was to explore nurses' practice with families in inpatient mental health settings in the context of designated family rooms...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720022/good-work-ability-among-unemployed-individuals-association-of-sociodemographic-work-related-and-well-being-factors
#12
Marja Hult, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen, Terhi Saaranen
AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the perceived work ability of unemployed individuals and to explore the association between perceived good work ability and sociodemographic, work-related and well-being factors. METHODS: The data were derived from the Finnish Regional Health and Well-being Study (ATH) collected by postal and Internet-based questionnaires in 2014-2015. The random sample was selected from the Finnish National Population Register. The present study includes data from unemployed or laid-off respondents ( n=1975) aged 20-65 years...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719543/the-association-between-maternal-chronic-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-long-term-health-outcomes-in-children-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#13
Line R Jølving, Jan Nielsen, Signe S Beck-Nielsen, Rasmus G Nielsen, Sonia Friedman, Ulrik S Kesmodel, Bente M Nørgård
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about the long-term impact of maternal inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on the offspring's future health. We aimed to examine whether children born to mothers with IBD had an increased risk of long-term morbidities. METHODS: In this nationwide register-based cohort study, including all children born alive in Denmark between 1989 and 2013, we investigated the association between maternal IBD and 15 selected disease categories of physical and mental conditions in the offspring...
August 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719140/do-english-mental-health-services-know-whether-they-followed-n-i-c-e-guidelines-with-patients-who-killed-themselves
#14
Jim Geekie, John Read, Julia Renton, Christopher Harrop
Freedom of Information Act requests sent to 51 NHS mental health providers in England showed an average of 20.5 suicides per organization. Only one provider, however, could report how many people that had killed themselves had been offered N.I.C.E. recommended psychological therapy. Information that might prevent suicides is being ignored. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Mental health services need, urgently, to develop data systems that can inform clinical team leaders about gaps in their services to suicidal people in their care Clinical psychologists have a particular responsibility to pressure managers to effectively monitor the provision of evidence-based treatments to suicidal people Trusts and commissioners must be aware of, and rectify, any failings of their services in relation to the prevention of suicide...
July 18, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718865/-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-li-cbt-an-introduction-in-concepts-and-framework
#15
Pascal Wabnitz, Michael Löhr, André Nienaber, Bruno Hemkendreis, Klaus Thomas Kronmüller, Michael Schulz
Low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy (LI-CBT) depicts interventions that aim at increasing access to evidence-based psychological therapies. This is achieved by (1) reducing the amount of time in which the practitioner is in contact with individual patients, (2) using practitioners that have been specifically trained to deliver low intensity interventions and without any prior formal health professional qualifications and (3) use of interventions with varying intensity. Stepped care and collaborative care constitute the organizational frame to deliver low-intensity interventions...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716769/web-based-therapist-training-in-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depression-pilot-study
#16
Kenneth A Kobak, Joshua D Lipsitz, John C Markowitz, Kathryn L Bleiberg
BACKGROUND: Training mental health professionals to deliver evidence-based therapy (EBT) is now required by most academic accreditation bodies, and evaluating the effectiveness of such training is imperative. However, shortages of time, money, and trained EBT clinician teachers make these challenges daunting. New technologies may help. The authors have developed the first empirically evaluated comprehensive Internet therapist training program for interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether (1) the training protocol would increase clinicians' knowledge of IPT concepts and skills and (2) clinicians would deem the training feasible as measured by satisfaction and utility ratings...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715481/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-the-training-effects-of-a-didactic-and-simulation-based-psychological-first-aid-program-in-students-and-school-counselors-in-south-korea
#17
Jong-Sun Lee, Sungeun You, Yun-Kyeung Choi, Hyae-Young Youn, Hye Sook Shin
The present study aimed to examine the training effects of a didactic and simulation-based psychological first aid (PFA) program. Based on the competency-based model, the study sought to examine whether the PFA training would enhance knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Study 1 examined the training effects of the PFA program in a sample of undergraduate and graduate students in psychology. Study 2 was conducted with school counselors. In both studies, all participants completed a one-day PFA workshop with a 3-hour didactic lecture and a 3-hour simulation-based practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715478/loneliness-is-adversely-associated-with-physical-and-mental-health-and-lifestyle-factors-results-from-a-swiss-national-survey
#18
Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Caroline L Vandeleur, Margareta Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Monika Eichholzer
INTRODUCTION: Loneliness is a common, emotionally distressing experience and is associated with adverse physical and mental health and an unhealthy lifestyle. Nevertheless, little is known about the prevalence of loneliness in different age groups in Switzerland. Furthermore, the existing evidence about age and gender as potential effect modifiers of the associations between loneliness, physical and mental health and lifestyle characteristics warrants further investigation. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of loneliness among adults in Switzerland and to assess the associations of loneliness with several physical and mental health and behavioral factors, as well as to assess the modifying effect of sex and age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714723/the-implementation-and-testing-of-a-referral-management-system-to-address-barriers-to-treatment-seeking-among-primary-care-veterans-with-ptsd
#19
Kyle Possemato, Emily M Johnson, Laura O Wray, Brad Webster, Tracy Stecker
Primary care (PC) patients have low rates of engagement in evidence-based psychotherapy for PTSD due to a variety of patient- and system-level barriers. We conducted a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study of a referral management system, called coordinated and alternative pathway to engagement (CAPE), to address barriers to receiving evidence-based treatment for PTSD. CAPE included the delivery of 1 session of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) within PC to identify and change treatment-seeking beliefs, phone contacts to assist veterans in attending appointments, and PC staff trainings on how to implement clinical practice guidelines for PTSD in PC...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712351/bringing-recovery-and-consumers-views-into-the-mainstream-of-mental-health-quality-measurement
#20
Harold A Pincus, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Parashar Pravin Ramanuj
Health policies in the United States and elsewhere are moving to increase accountability of health care systems and providers for providing high-quality, efficient care and driving application of evidence-based improvement strategies. To support these efforts, a "quality measurement industrial complex" has been created to develop, endorse, and apply quality measures that incentivize these behaviors. Parallel to this development in mental health care is an emerging commitment to include recovery orientation approaches in treating serious mental illness...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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