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Oral abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938030/wound-healing-complications-following-guided-bone-regeneration-for-ridge-augmentation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Glendale Lim, Guo-Hao Lin, Alberto Monje, Hsun-Liang Chan, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: The rate of developing soft tissue complications that accompany guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures varies widely, from 0% to 45%. The present review was conducted to investigate the rate for resorbable versus nonresorbable membranes and the timing of soft tissue complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic and manual literature searches were conducted by two independent reviewers using several databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, for articles published through July 2015, with no language restriction...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935003/spontaneous-infection-caused-by-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-kk-a-y-mice
#2
Tetsufumi Koga, Wataru Aoki, Miki Fujii, Kiyoshi Satou, Yoshinori Ikeda
During 2006 through 2012, spontaneous group B Streptococcus infections were reported in 22 female KK-Ay mice, an animal model of type 2 diabetes. The affected mice were 5 to 27 wk old, and the cases involved various body sites, including cases of submandibular, caudal, and lumbar abscesses (n =18) or led to torticollis (n = 2), hydrocephalus (n = 1), or moribund clinical signs (n = 1). At necropsy, the mouse with hydrocephalus also demonstrated retained exudate in the uterus, and the moribund mouse showed renal inflammation...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928256/melioidosis-mimicking-tubercular-cold-abscess
#3
Raghuraj Suresh Kundangar, Shyamasunder N Bhat, Simanchal P Mohanty
Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacillus found in soil. The infection is thought to occur by inoculation or inhalation. It usually affects people with predisposing factors like diabetes mellitus and chronic alcoholism. A 36-year-old man, on the treatment of diabetes in the past 4 years, on oral hypoglycaemic drugs, presented to us with pain and insidious onset of swelling over left loin like a lumbar cold abscess. He underwent incision and drainage of the abscess. As per the culture report, we used ceftazidime for 2 weeks, followed by cotrimoxazole for 6 months...
September 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927136/low-risk-population-among-patients-with-tumor-node-metastasis-stage-iii-iv-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Tohru Ikeda, Sachiko Seki, Mutsunori Fujiwara, Masaaki Matsuura, Yuu Ozaki-Honda, Shuichi Fujita, Hisazumi Ikeda, Masahiro Umeda, Izumi Asahina
A novel system auxiliary to the Union for International Cancer Control classification may allow the prognosis of patients with malignant tumors at similar stages to be predicted, as currently this is challenging. The present study generated a novel system to predict populations at low risk among patients with stage III/IV oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). A total of 41 patients who were diagnosed at stages III/IV OSCC and underwent surgical tumor resection were analyzed. Band-like or follicular lymphocyte infiltration, intraepithelial micro-abscess formation and natural killer (NK) cell infiltration were histopathologically evaluated...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919346/clinical-outcomes-in-patients-hospitalized-with-cellulitis-treated-with-oral-clindamycin-and-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-the-role-of-weight-based-dosing
#5
Kristin K Cox, Bruce Alexander, Daniel J Livorsi, Brett H Heintz
OBJECTIVES: Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) and clindamycin are frequently prescribed to treat cellulitis. The primary objective was to determine if weight-based dosing of these antibiotics is associated with better outcomes in cellulitis. The secondary objective was to assess variables associated with clinical failure among hospitalized patients with cellulitis with or without cutaneous abscess. METHODS: This multi-center retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 1, 2010 to September 4, 2014...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912993/bilateral-peritonsillar-abscess-in-an-infant-an-unusual-presentation-of-sore-throat
#6
Mariana Manzoni Seerig, Letícia Chueiri, Janaina Jacques, Maria Fernanda Piccoli Cardoso de Mello, Martin Batista Coutinho da Silva, Daniel Buffon Zatt, Rosana Cristine Otero Cunha, Andre Souza de Albuquerque Maranhão
INTRODUCTION: Peritonsillar abscess is considered a suppurative complication of acute tonsillitis. It is usually unilateral and clinically evident bilateral presentation is uncommon. The condition affects mainly children older than 10 years and young adults. Herein we present a rare case of bilateral peritonsillar abscess in an infant. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 1-year-old boy presented with a two-day history of worsening sore throat, loss of appetite, vomiting, and fever...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894842/retroperitoneal-actinomycosis-a-rare-sequela-of-an-infected-obstructing-ureteral-stone
#7
Elizabeth Bearrick, Colby A Dixon, Joshua Rhein, Michael S Borofsky
Background: Actinomycosis is a condition in which Actinomyces, a normal component of the oral and gastrointenstial flora, becomes pathogenic in the setting of damaged tissue, leading to widespread tissue destruction across fascial planes. Prior literature describing this condition is rare, particularly cases involving the retroperitoneum. In this study, we report a case of retroperitoneal actinomycosis caused by an infected, obstructing ureteral stone. Case Presentation: A 48-year-old woman with a history of substance abuse, malnutrition, and gastric bypass presented to the emergency room with a 3-week history of abdominal pain and fevers...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894616/esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-presenting-with-streptococcus-intermedius-cerebral-abscess
#8
Rabih Nayfe, Mustafa S Ascha, Esther H Rehmus
BACKGROUND: Cerebral abscess is caused by inoculation of an organism into the brain parenchyma from a site distant from the central nervous system. Streptococcus intermedius (S. intermedius) is a commensal organism that is normally present in the aerodigestive tract and was reported to be the cause of brain abscesses after esophageal dilatation or upper endoscopy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 53-year-old female who presented with hematemesis and melena followed by left-sided weakness...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889140/multiple-bilateral-renal-abscesses-in-a-previously-healthy-young-patient
#9
R Y Tang, B M Cheong
The incidence of renal abscesses is not common. Patients usually have risk factors like diabetes mellitus or an underlying condition which predisposes to urinary tract infections. We report a case of a previously healthy young girl with multiple bilateral renal abscesses. Ultrasonography revealed multiple renal abscesses with a possible differential diagnosis of polycystic kidney disease with infected cysts. No renal calculi were seen. CT-scan of kidneys confirmed the diagnosis. Blood and urine cultures were repeatedly negative...
August 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888395/dental-adaptations-of-bronze-age-harappans-occlusal-wear-crown-size-and-dental-pathology
#10
John R Lukacs
Systematic study of dental attributes yields insights regarding diet and subsistence that cannot be gained from the archaeological record alone. This analysis documents occlusal tooth wear, tooth crown dimensions and dental pathology of an expanded dental sample from Harappa (2550-2030cal BC; Pakistan). New floral and faunal evidence of subsistence indicates a mix of agriculture and pastoralism that can be integrated with evidence of dental attributes and disease to reveal the impact of Harappan diet on oral health...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881182/surgical-staples-a-superior-alternative-to-sutures-for-skin-closure-after-neck-dissection-a-single-blinded-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#11
Shrenik Oswal, Rajiv Borle, Nitin Bhola, Anendd Jadhav, Sanidhya Surana, Rajesh Oswal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of staples in skin closure after neck dissection in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. The authors hypothesized that the use of staples would result in better wound closure compared with the use of nonabsorbable monofilament sutures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective single-blinded randomized clinical trial was performed to compare various parameters, including time for wound closure, inflammatory changes, pain, cost efficacy, complications, and esthetic outcome of skin closure with surgical staples versus nonabsorbable monofilament sutures and to determine their statistical relevance using χ(2) and Mann-Whitney U tests...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877343/transition-to-agriculture-in-south-eastern-arabia-insights-from-oral-conditions
#12
Olivia Munoz
OBJECTIVES: In Southeast (SE) Arabia, agriculture is supposed to expand around 3000 BC, but its tempo and its actual role in populations' subsistence is still debated by archaeologists. Here, we compare dental health conditions of 11 skeletal samples from coastal and inland sites, dated from the Late Neolithic (ca. 4500-3100 BC) to the Early Bronze Age (EBA), conventionally divided into Hafit (ca. 3100-2700 BC) and Umm an-Nar period (ca. 2700-2000 BC). The goal is to assess long-term trends in subsistence patterns and regional variability during the local transition to agriculture...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875082/the-brazilian-version-of-the-20-item-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-medicine-and-dentistry
#13
Agnes Fátima P Cruvinel, Daniela Alejandra C Méndez, Juliana G Oliveira, Eliézer Gutierres, Matheus Lotto, Maria Aparecida A M Machado, Thaís M Oliveira, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The misunderstanding of specific vocabulary may hamper the patient-health provider communication. The 20-item Rapid Estimate Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALMD-20) was constructed to screen patients by their ability in reading medical/dental terminologies in a simple and rapid way. This study aimed to perform the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of this instrument for its application in Brazilian dental patients. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation was performed through conceptual equivalence, verbatim translation, semantic, item and operational equivalence, and back-translation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864936/a-case-of-cutaneous-mycosis-caused-by-scedosporium-dehoogii-on-an-immunocompromised-patient
#14
Yuichi Sakata, Fumiaki Taga, Tsuyoshi Ushigami, Kiminobu Takeda, Kazushi Anzawa, Akiko Nishibu, Takashi Mochizuki
This report describes a 77-year-old man with cutaneous mycosis caused by Scedosporium dehoogii while taking oral betamethasone and tacrolimus for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. At examination in our clinic, the patient had multiple cystic lesions and nodules with slight tenderness, varying in size up to 4 cm, on his left knee and shin. He had not noticed any traumatic injury at the site of the lesions. Fungal cultures of samples taken from the abscesses, scales, and crusts of the lesions yielded white, later grayish brown, fluffy surfaced colonies...
September 1, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864559/cerebellar-abscesses-infective-endocarditis-and-bacteraemia-due-to-a-rare-pathogen-streptococcus-constellatus
#15
Rafael García Carretero
Intracranial infections may result from contiguity, such as mastoiditis or acute otitis media, or from haematogenous dissemination from an infectious source. Streptococcus constellatus, a coccus from the normal genital, oral and gastrointestinal flora, has a tendency to form abscesses, but not to cause infective endocarditis (IE). Also, S. constellatus is an extremely rare causative agent of brain abscess. We report the case of a woman with a colorectal tumour who presented with IE and cerebellar abscesses due to a S...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861207/clinical-outcomes-in-musculoskeletal-involvement-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-infection
#16
Mohamad Gouse, Viswanath Jayasankar, Shalom Patole, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Manasseh Nithyananth
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal involvement in melioidosis is often seen in conjunction with a disseminated illness. Recent reports suggest that operative management of musculoskeletal melioidosis has favourable results. The purpose of this study was to review the patient profile and clinical outcomes of Burkholderia pseudomallei infection in the musculoskeletal system. METHODS: Hospital records of 163 patients who were diagnosed to have B. pseudomallei infection between January 2009 and December 2014 were reviewed...
September 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858131/recurrent-bacteremia-and-liver-abscess-caused-by-clostridium-difficile-a-case-report
#17
Hiroshi Morioka, Mitsutaka Iguchi, Teiji Kuzuya, Hiroshige Mikamo, Tetsuya Yagi
RATIONALE: Clostridium difficile bacteremia (CDB) and liver abscess is a quite rare presentation of C. difficile infection. PATIENTS CONCERNS: A 74-year-old male with primary biliary cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) developed a high fever on post-TACE day 14. Intravenous ceftriaxone and following meropenem were administered, however, his clinical response was poor. On post-TACE day 24, 2 sets of blood culture were taken due to elevation of C-reactive protein levels...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830386/association-among-oral-symptoms-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-sample-of-adults-living-with-hiv-aids-in-malaysia
#18
Nurulasmak Mohamed, Norkhafizah Saddki, Azizah Yusoff, Anilawati Mat Jelani
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a multidimensional construct that refers to an individual's self-perceived well-being. This study used the revised Wilson and Cleary HRQOL model to investigate the associations among oral symptoms, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL), and HRQOL of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 121 PLWHA receiving medical care in Kota Bharu (Kelantan, Malaysia) participated in this cross-sectional study...
August 22, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822559/antibiotic-therapy-for-prevention-of-fistula-in-ano-after-incision-and-drainage-of-simple-perianal-abscess-a-randomized-single-blind-clinical-trial
#19
Leila Ghahramani, Mohammad Reza Minaie, Peyman Arasteh, Seyed Vahid Hosseini, Ahmad Izadpanah, Ali Mohammad Bananzadeh, Mahboobe Ahmadbeigi, Zahra Hooshanginejad
BACKGROUND: Much controversy exists regarding the role of antibiotics in the development of fistula in-ano after incision and drainage. We evaluated the role of postoperative antibiotics in the prevention of fistula in-ano after incision and drainage of perianal abscess. METHODS: In a randomized single blind clinical trial study, 307 patients were randomly selected from those referring for incision and drainage of perianal abscess at Shahid Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz, Iran, during September 2013 to September 2014...
August 16, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820170/paradoxical-worsening-of-a-case-of-tb-subretinal-abscess-with-serpiginous-like-choroiditis-following-the-initiation-of-antitubercular-therapy
#20
Sudha K Ganesh, B Sowkath Ali
A 37-year-old immunocompetent male patient presented with the blurring of vision, both eyes for the past1 year. Fundus examination revealed bilateral multiple subretinal abscesses with areas of healed serpiginous-like choroiditis. Laboratory investigations showed positive tuberculin skin test, positive QuantiFERON TB-Gold Test, and high resolution computed tomography chest showed enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. The aqueous sample revealed polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) (MPB64 genome)...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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