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Oral abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166132/imaging-of-iatrogenic-esophageal-injuries-using-optimized-ct-esophageal-leak-protocol-pearls-and-pitfalls
#1
Rachna Madan, Olga Laur, Breland Crudup, Latia Peavy, Brett W Carter
Iatrogenic injury to the esophagus is a serious complication which is increasingly seen in clinical practice secondary to expansion and greater acceptability of surgical and endoscopic esophageal procedures. Morbidity and mortality following such injury is high. This is mostly due to an inflammatory response to gastric contents in the mediastinum, and the negative intra-thoracic pressures that may further draw out esophageal contents into the mediastinum leading to mediastinitis. Subsequently, pulmonary complications such as pneumonia or abscess may ensue leading to rapid clinical deterioration...
November 22, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164139/associations-between-antibacterial-treatment-and-the-prevalence-of-tail-biting-related-sequelae-in-danish-finishers-at-slaughter
#2
Mette Fertner, Matt Denwood, Anna Camilla Birkegård, Helle Stege, Anette Boklund
Secondary infections as a result of tail biting cause substantial economic losses in pig production and are a subject of concern for animal welfare. The use of first-choice antibacterial agents in the treatment of tail biting in finishing pigs is hypothesized to be negatively correlated with the development of systemic infection. This would be expected to reduce the prevalence of post-mortem pyemic sequelae (such as osteomyelitis and abscesses) in finishers with tail-bite lesions. We performed a register-based study that included three Danish databases, holding information on the purchase of antibacterials at herd level (VetStat), herd demographics (Central Husbandry Register), and relevant observations at slaughter (meat inspection data)...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154249/deep-neck-infections-review-of-263-cases
#3
Alise Adoviča, Linda Veidere, Marks Ronis, Gunta Sumeraga
OBJECTIVES: In patients hospitalized due to deep neck infections (DNIs), to investigate the association between demographic parameters, etiology, and localization of abscesses and/or phlegmons, complications, comorbidities, treatment, and bacterial cultures. METHODS: We analyzed data of 263 patients that were hospitalized from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2015, due to deep neck space phlegmons and/or abscesses. We performed statistical analysis with the SPSS 22...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140941/phenotype-and-management-of-infantile-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-china
#4
Ziqing Ye, Ying Zhou, Ying Huang, Yuhuan Wang, Junping Lu, Zifei Tang, Shijian Miao, Kuiran Dong, Zhinong Jiang
BACKGROUND: Infantile-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) comprises rare and clinically severe disorders. We examined the phenotypes and genetic causes of patients with infantile-onset IBD from a tertiary medical center. METHODS: We enrolled 38 patients with infantile-onset IBD and applied standardized treatment with medical, surgical, and supportive care. Targeted sequencing and whole-exome sequencing were performed. Clinical data were retrieved from medical records...
December 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139168/hunter-gatherer-dental-pathology-do-historic-accounts-of-aboriginal-australians-correspond-to-the-archeological-record-of-dental-disease
#5
Judith Littleton
OBJECTIVES: Studies of hunter-gatherer oral pathology, particularly in Australia, often focus upon dental wear and caries or assume that historic studies of Aboriginal people reflect the precontact past. Consequently the range of population variation has been underestimated. In this paper dental pathology from human remains from Roonka are compared with a model of dental pathology derived from historic studies. The aim is to identify aspects of dental pathology indicative of regional or intra-population diversity...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118685/a-rare-thermophilic-bug-in-complicated-diverticular-abscess
#6
Kyawzaw Lin, Sithu Lin, Aung Naing Lin, Thinzar Lin, Zin Mar Htun, Madhavi Reddy
Actinomycosis is a form of painful abscess in the gastrointestinal tract or in deep tissue caused by actinomyces species. They are one of the commensal bacteria in the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract of humans but can opportunistically cause infection in immunosuppressive hosts through invasion of breached mucosa or necrotic tissue while mimicking malignancy, gastrointestinal tuberculosis, and inflammatory bowel disease. Actinomyces israelii is, by far, the major and most common human pathogen throughout literatures...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109881/hypothermia-with-extreme-bradycardia-following-spinal-cord-infarction-of-septic-origin
#7
Philippe Hantson, Thierry Duprez
Among other autonomic dysfunctions complicating acute spinal cord injury, deep hypothermia is rare but may induce serious cardiovascular complications. There are few pharmacological options to influence hypothermia. A 66-year-old woman was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) for serious cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation and asystole) in the context of a deep hypothermia (axillary temperature below 32°C). She had been admitted to the hospital two months before for an acute L4-L5 infectious spondylodiscitis without any initial neurological deficit...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109835/anterior-submandibular-approach-for-transmylohyoid-endotracheal-intubation-a-reappraisal-with-prospective-study-in-206-cases-of-craniomaxillofacial-fractures
#8
Nitin Bhola, Anendd Jadhav, Atul Kala, Rahul Deshmukh, Umesh Bhutekar, G S V Prasad
Despite a paradigm shift in anesthesia and trauma airway management, the craniomaxillofacial fracture (CMF) patients continue to pose a challenge. A prospective study was planned between April 2007 and March 2015 to investigate the safety, efficacy, utility, and complications of anterior submandibular approach for transmylohyoid intubation (TMI) in CMFs using an armored endotracheal tube (ETT). Out of 1,207 maxillofacial trauma cases reported, this study recruited 206 patients (152 males and 54 females) aged between 21 and 60 years...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094323/enormous-postoperative-perforation-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-duodenal-cancer-successfully-treated-with-filling-and-shielding-by-polyglycolic-acid-sheets-with-fibrin-glue-and-computed-tomography-guided-abscess-puncture
#9
Yoshiko Ohara, Kengo Takimoto, Takashi Toyonaga, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Hiroya Sakaguchi, Fumiaki Kawara, Shinwa Tanaka, Tsukasa Ishida, Yoshinori Morita, Eiji Umegaki
A female in her 70s underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for screening, and a 0-IIa lesion measuring approximately 15 mm was detected in the descending portion of the duodenum. Due to the malignant potency of the lesion, endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed. Microperforation occurred during ESD. The lesion was removed en bloc and the post-ESD ulcer bed was closed with clips. The next day, the patient had abdominal pain and computed tomography (CT) revealed a small amount of free air in the retroperitoneal space...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089734/management-of-brain-abscess-changing-trend-and-experience-in-enugu-nigeria
#10
Chika Anele Ndubuisi, Samuel C Ohaegbulam, Wilfred C Mezue, Mark C Chikani, Sunday P Nkwerem, Ignatius I Ozor
BACKGROUND: Intracranial abscess remains a significant health-care problem. Its causes, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome are changing. AIM: This paper reviewed the demography, examined new trends, and compared outcomes with different treatment options. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective analysis of intracranial abscesses managed at Memfys Hospital, Enugu (2004-2014) and University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (2009-2014). Patients were followed up for at least 6 months...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081911/leptotrichia-species-in-human-infections-ii
#11
REVIEW
Emenike R K Eribe, Ingar Olsen
Leptotrichia species are non-motile facultative anaerobic/anaerobic bacteria that are found mostly in the oral cavity and some other parts of the human body, in animals, and even in ocean sediments. Valid species include L. buccalis, L. goodfellowii, L. hofstadii, L. honkongensis, L. shahii, L. trevisanii, and L. wadei. Some species require serum or blood for growth. All species ferment carbohydrates and produce lactic acid that may be involved with tooth decay. Acting as opportunistic pathogens, they are involved in a variety of diseases, and have been isolated from immunocompromised but also immunocompetent individuals...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075023/no-clinical-quantifiable-benefits-between-non-surgical-and-surgical-endodontic-treatment
#12
Debra M Ferrailo, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe authors searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid and Embase Ovid. The US National Registry of Clinical Trials (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials. There were no restrictions regarding language and publication date. The authors hand-searched the reference lists of the studies retrieved and key journals in the field of endodontics...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069153/comparison-of-two-combinations-of-opioid-and-non-opioid-analgesics-for-acute-periradicular-abscess-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Manuela Favarin Santini, Ricardo Abreu da Rosa, Maria Beatriz Cardoso Ferreira, Maria Isabel Fischer, Erick Miranda Souza, Marcus Vinícius Reis Só
INTRODUCTION: Acute periradicular abscess is a condition characterized by the formation and propagation of pus in the periapical tissues and generally associated with debilitating pain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the overall analgesic effectiveness of two combinations of opioid and non-opioid analgesics for acute periradicular abscess. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 26 patients who sought emergency care in a Brazilian dental school...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063496/kocuria-massiliensis-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-species-isolated-from-a-patient-with-foot-osteomyelitis
#14
Sophie Edouard, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Mamadou Beye, Frédérique Gouriet, Gregory Dubourg, Jeremy Delerce, Laure Swiader, Didier Raoult
Most of the species from the genus Kocuria are environmental or commensals of mammalian skin and oral bacteria, and had rarely been associated with human infection. However, recent reports showed an increase of the clinical role of these bacteria in human infectious diseases. Most of the cases occurred in hospitals and were device related. They included bacteremia, peritonitis, abscess, endocarditis and ocular infection. We here describe the main characteristics and the draft genome of Kocuria massiliensis sp...
October 23, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055720/high-hepatic-exposure-of-furanocoumarins-in-radix-angelica-dahuricae-is-associated-with-transporter-mediated-active-uptake
#15
Lin Chen, Haiying Yang, Chenchen Yu, Mei Yuan, Hua Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Radix Angelica dahuricae (RAD), the roots of Angelica dahurica (Hoffm.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch. & Sav, is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and has been used for centuries to treat headaches, toothaches, nose congestion, abscesses, furunculoses, and acne. This herb is also one of frequently reported TCMs showing the herb-drug interaction potential. Furanocoumarins are main bioactive components of RAD. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is designed to characterize the tissue distribution profiles of furanocoumarins after oral administration of RAD extract in rats and to explore the mechanism underlying the high hepatic exposure of the major furanocoumarins...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054959/honeycomb-and-necklace-signs-in-liver-abscesses-secondary-to-melioidosis
#16
Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Mina Mustafa Mahmood Alemam, Nor Aniza Zakaria, Nur Azidawati Abdul Halim
Melioidosis is endemic in Southeast Asia and tropical Australia with varying clinical features from benign skin lesions to fatal septicaemia. Imaging plays an important role in evaluation of the melioid liver abscesses. A 45-year-old man with underlying diabetes presented with fever and lethargy for 2 weeks and abdominal pain for 2 days. His liver was enlarged on examination. Blood investigations revealed mild leucocytosis and raised liver enzymes. Ultrasound showed multiple multiloculated hypoechoic lesions throughout the liver and spleen...
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051981/preoperative-optimization-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-undergoing-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Marie Strøm Zangenberg, Nir Horesh, Uri Kopylov, Alaa El-Hussuna
PURPOSE: Surgical management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a challenging task. The aim of preoperative optimization (PO) is to decrease the risk of complications and reduce the length of postoperative stay. The aim of this study was to review and grade the available evidence, attain clear recommendations, and point out potential future research. METHODS: Studies were identified from electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library) and scanning reference lists in relevant papers...
December 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050796/sites-of-infection-associated-with-streptococcus-anginosus-group-among-children
#18
Mihoko Furuichi, Yuho Horikoshi
Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG) are parts of normal flora of the oral cavity and associated with abscess forming in various sites on the body. Although the clinical features of infections caused by each member of the SAG in adults has been reported, it has not well been known in children. The aim of this study was to clarify the site of infections associated with individual SAG species among children. Medical records from March 2010 to July 2016 were reviewed at Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043146/calciphylaxis-in-a-nondialysis-patient-treated-with-sodium-thiosulfate-and-high-dose-of-oxygen
#19
Anawin Sanguankeo, Natanong Thamcharoen, Sikarin Upala
BACKGROUND: Calciphylaxis in a nondialysis patient is a rare condition and is characterized by calcific deposition in tissue. We present a case of calciphylaxis in a nondialysis patient who was diagnosed by clinical presentation and skin biopsy and was treated with sodium thiosulfate with improvement of skin lesions. CASE: A 43-year-old female with type 2 diabetes and atrial fibrillation taking oral anticoagulation medication presented with reddish drainage from the right buttock...
2017: Clin Nephrol Case Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042740/arteriovenous-malformation-of-face
#20
Ashok Kumar, Meenu Mittal, Dhirendra Srivastava, Vipul Jaetli, Sunil Chaudhary
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital vascular malformations accounting only 1.5% of all vascular anomalies with 50% occurrence in the oral and maxillofacial region. It usually results from birth defects of the vasculature. A literature search revealed only few case reports of AVMs in the facial region. Lack of meticulous diagnosis, scarcity of knowledge, and paucity of literature can result in their exsanguinations leading to fatal hemorrhagic incidents after various dental procedures such as tooth extraction, surgical intervention, puncture wound, or blunt injury in involved area...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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