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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780007/hidradenitis-suppurativa-metabolic-syndrome-and-demodex-spp-infestation
#1
Emine Ünal, Ulviye Güvendi Akçınar, Ayşe Arduç
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. This type of dermatosis with underlying chronic inflammation significantly affects the quality of life and may be accompanied by many comorbidities. In this case, Demodex spp. was associated with treatment-resistant and persistent course of skin diseases. A 46-year-old female patient applied to our clinic with complaints of lesions on the body and hip. Her dermatological examination revealed abscess formation and post-inflammatory pigmentation...
May 21, 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773433/-cerebral-and-pulmonary-nocardiosis-to-nocardia-abscessus-in-an-immunocompetent-algerian-patient
#2
D Arrache, H Zait, V Rodriguez-Nava, E Bergeron, T Durand, M Yahiaoui, F Grenouillet, A Amrane, F Chaouche, A Baiod, K Madani, B Hamrioui
Nocardial brain abscess is often occurring in immunocompromised patients. It is uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. Here, the authors describe a case of cerebral and pulmonary nocardiosis mimicking a metastatic tumor in an apparently health 40-year-old Algerian male. The patient presented multiple brain abscess revealed by inaugural epileptic seizure. He was afebrile and presented with left hemiparesis. Staging imaging showed a nodular lung lesion in the apical segment of the right lower lobe. The patient underwent double craniotomy for resection of the lesion...
May 14, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770082/first-reported-case-of-multidrug-resistant-candida-auris-in-canada
#3
I S Schwartz, G W Hammond
Candida auris is a fungal pathogen that has recently emerged as a global threat to public health. It was first described in Japan in 2009 and has since been reported in 17 countries on five continents. This case report describes the first reported case of multidrug-resistant C. auris in Canada. In May 2017, a 64-year-old individual was evaluated for chronic otitis externa. Past medical history included a recent hospitalization in India for elective oral surgery that was complicated by an odontogenic brain abscess...
July 6, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764190/delafloxacin-an-improved-fluoroquinolone-developed-through-advanced-molecular-engineering
#4
Matteo Bassetti, Elda Righi, Davide Pecori, Glenn Tillotson
The emergence of antimicrobial resistance threatens current clinical practice across a range of infection types. Delafloxacin, a non-zwitterionic fluoroquinolone recently approved by the US FDA for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections, has been developed to address some of these challenges. Uniquely delafloxacin has increased intracellular penetration and enhanced antibacterial activity under acidic conditions, an environment seen in many infection sites including abscesses. Delafloxacin is active against a wide range of Gram-positive and -negative species including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and many fluoroquinolone-resistant strains...
May 16, 2018: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747055/multiple-brain-abscess-after-professional-tooth-cleaning-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Massimo Viviano, Serena Cocca
Brain abscess (BA) is an encapsulated infection and can be the consequence of head and cranio-maxillo-facial surgery or trauma, or may be secondary to cavernous thrombophlebitis, but is most frequently due to hematogenous septic dissemination from an adjacent site of infection, such as the paranasal sinuses, middle ear or oral cavity. We report a rare and unfortunate case of multiple BA caused by dental procedures in a young man with undiagnosed patent foramen ovale (PFO). Simple routine dental procedures, such as tooth brushing and professional oral hygiene, can predispose to life-threatening conditions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742719/cauda-equina-syndrome-following-an-uneventful-spinal-anesthesia-in-a-patient-undergoing-drainage-of-the-bartholin-abscess-a-case-report
#6
Waldo Merino-Urrutia, Milca Villagrán-Schmidt, Priscilla Ulloa-Vásquez, Rubén Carrasco-Moyano, Alberto Uribe, Nicoleta Stoicea, Sergio D Bergese
RATIONALE: Neuraxial anesthesia is a commonly used type of regional anesthesia. Cauda equina syndrome is an unusual and severe complication of neuraxial anesthesia, and is caused by damage to the sacral roots of the neural canal. We present a case of cauda equina syndrome following spinal anesthesia in a patient who underwent Bartholin abscess drainage. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 23-year old female scheduled to undergo surgical drainage of Bartholin abscess. Spinal anesthesia was performed with bupivacaine and fentanyl...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733530/another-cause-of-difficult-airway-in-an-elderly-patient-tongue-base-abscess
#7
Murat Binar, Fatih Arslan, Umit Aydin
OBJECTIVE: An abscess of the tongue base is rare, but it can be a potentially life-threatening situation in elderly patients. CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old male patient presented with mid-anterior neck swelling, odynophagia, poor oral hygiene and severe dyspnoea. After a difficult intubation, the muscles were dissected via a submental suprahyoid approach and the abscess was drained. CONCLUSION: Poor oral hygiene may predispose elderly patients to tongue-base abscesses...
June 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718896/salmonella-potsdam-causing-lumbar-vertebral-osteomyelitis-a-case-report
#8
Weike Cheng, Kejian Lian, Deqing Luo, Dasheng Lin, Wanqiang Feng, Hang Xian, Tongtao Li
RATIONALE: Salmonella osteomyelitis is an uncommon complication of salmonella infection, especially the salmonella vertebral osteomyelitis (SVO). PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported a case of a 29-year-old female who presented with serious lower back pain and severe limitation of motion for 50 days with no obvious inducements. She once had a fever up to 39.5°C. Physical examination only revealed limited motion of lower back without neurological complications. The laboratory results revealed no specificity...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709375/purulent-lymphadenitis-caused-by-staphylococcus-argenteus-representing-the-first-japanese-case-of-staphylococcus-argenteus-multilocus-sequence-type-2250-infection-in-a-12-year-old-boy
#9
Takuma Ohnishi, Masayoshi Shinjoh, Hirotoshi Ohara, Toshinao Kawai, Isamu Kamimaki, Ryo Mizushima, Keisuke Kamada, Yasutomo Itakura, Shigekazu Iguchi, Yutaka Uzawa, Atsushi Yoshida, Ken Kikuchi
Staphylococcus argenteus is a novel species separated from a strain of coagulase-positive, non-pigmented S. aureus. Although S. argenteus has been reported to occur globally, multilocus sequence type (ST) 2250 is mainly found in Northeastern Thailand. Because conventional biochemical testing misidentifies this pathogen as S. aureus, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) or nucA sequencing is recommended to distinguish between S. argenteus and S. auereus. The patient was a previously healthy 12-year-old boy who was admitted because of right inguinal lymphadenitis and cellulitis...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691837/oral-health-status-associated-with-sociodemographic-factors-of-nepalese-schoolchildren-a-population-based-study
#10
Saujanya Karki, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Manoj Humagain, Marjo Seppänen, Jari Päkkila, Vuokko Anttonen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health of Nepalese schoolchildren relative to their sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 5-6-, 12- and 15-year-old Nepalese children in 18 randomly selected districts of the 75 in Nepal. Clinical parameters were recorded according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Results were presented as mean (SD) and proportions; the chi-square test, t-test and one way-ANOVA were also performed...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669961/aciduricity-and-acid-tolerance-mechanisms-of-streptococcus-anginosus
#11
Minoru Sasaki, Yoshitoyo Kodama, Yu Shimoyama, Taichi Ishikawa, Shigenobu Kimura
Although Streptococcus anginosus constitutes a proportion of the normal flora of the gastrointestinal and genital tracts, and the oral cavity, it has been reported that S. anginosus infection could be closely associated with abscesses at various body sites, infective endocarditis, and upper gastrointestinal cancers. The colonization in an acidic environment due to the aciduricity of S. anginosus could be the etiology of the systemic infection of the bacteria. To elucidate the aciduricity and acid tolerance mechanisms of the microbe, we examined the viability and growth of S...
April 17, 2018: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669701/crizotinib-in-patients-with-advanced-inoperable-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumours-with-and-without-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-gene-alterations-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-90101-create-a-multicentre-single-drug-prospective-non
#12
Patrick Schöffski, Jozef Sufliarsky, Hans Gelderblom, Jean-Yves Blay, Sandra J Strauss, Silvia Stacchiotti, Piotr Rutkowski, Lars H Lindner, Michael G Leahy, Antoine Italiano, Nicolas Isambert, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Raf Sciot, Thomas Van Cann, Sandrine Marréaud, Axelle Nzokirantevye, Sandra Collette, Agnieszka Wozniak
BACKGROUND: An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterised by anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements. We assessed the activity and safety of crizotinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, targeting ALK in patients with advanced IMFT either with or without ALK alterations. METHODS: We did a multicentre, biomarker-driven, single-drug, non-randomised, open-label, two-stage phase 2 trial (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 90101 CREATE) at 13 study sites (five university hospitals and eight specialty clinics) in eight European countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, and the UK)...
April 12, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668598/brain-abscess-caused-by-chronic-invasive-actinomycosis-in-the-nasopharynx-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Chi Sang Hwang, Haneul Lee, Min Pyo Hong, Ji Hyung Kim, Kyung-Su Kim
RATIONALE: Actinomycosis is a rare anaerobic, gram-positive bacterial infection caused by Actinomyces, which is part of the normal flora in the oral cavity and respiratory and female genitourinary tracts. The cervicofacial area is the most common site of involvement, and involvement of the central nervous system is rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case involving a 51-year-old woman who developed an actinomycotic brain abscess 15 months after the treatment of noninvasive nasopharyngeal actinomycosis, which recurred as an invasive form...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659470/meta-analysis-of-perioperative-outcomes-of-acute-laparoscopic-vs-open-repair-of-perforated-gastroduodenal-ulcers
#14
Roberto Cirocchi, Kjetil Soreide, Salomone Di Saverio, Elena Rossi, Alberto Arezzo, Mauro Zago, Iosief Abraha, Nereo Vettoretto, Massimo Chiarugi
BACKGROUND: Surgery is the treatment of choice for perforated peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The aim of the present review is to compare the perioperative outcomes of acute laparoscopic versus open repair for PUD. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in PubMed, SCOPUS and Web of Science RESULTS: The search included eight RCTs: 615 patients comparing laparoscopic (307 patients) versus open peptic perforated ulcer repair (308 patients)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629351/evaluation-of-prophylactic-and-therapeutic-effects-of-ruscogenin-on-acute-radiation-proctitis-an-experimental-rat-model
#15
Erkan Yavuz, Onur Olgac Karagulle, Gulcin Ercan, Atilla Celik, Hakan Yigitbas, Busra Yaprak Bayrak, Rumeysa Tartar, Ramazan Kusaslan, Yuksel Altinel, Osman Bilgin Gulcicek
Purpose: Radiation proctitis (RP) is inflammation and damage to the rectum, manifested secondary to ionizing radiation utilized for treatment. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory therapeutical and protective effects of ruscogenin in a model of acute RP. Methods: Thirty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 8) as sham, control, treatment, and prophylaxis groups. Prophylaxis group and treatment group were dosed ruscogenin by oral gavage for 14 days pre- and postradiation...
April 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619261/septic-pulmonary-emboli-and-renal-abscess-caused-by-staphylococcus-aureus-in-an-hiv-infected-patient
#16
Isaí Medina-Piñón, Alan Ledif Reyes-Mondragón, Michel Fernando Martínez-Reséndez, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz
Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of bacteremia in the general population and can lead to serious metastatic infection particularly in immunocompromised persons. However, prompt diagnosis and management can result in favorable outcomes. In the following case report, the clinical course of an HIV-infected man is presented; he developed bloodstream infection (BSI) and associated complications: septic pulmonary embolism, right renal abscess, and ipsilateral renal vein thrombosis. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was identified as the cause of sepsis and successfully treated with surgery and antimicrobials...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616359/liver-abscess-due-to-fusobacterium-species-detected-on-ultrasonography-a-case-report
#17
Vasanthapriya Subramaniyam, Akiko Saito, Katsutoshi Tokushige
An oral infection harboring Fusobacterium species can gain entrance to the liver via hematogenous spread in the form of septic embolus, and can thereby cause abscesses. Such spread, described as Lemierre syndrome, is life threatening. We present such a case history of a man in his mid-40s, who presented with infection and Fusobacterium liver abscess with an acute fulminant disease course. The initial diagnosis was arrived at by ultrasound imaging and blood investigations. He was treated with antibiotics, ultrasound-guided liver abscess drainage, and extraction of the infected molar tooth...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610626/knowledge-and-awareness-of-medical-practitioners-of-jazan-city-towards-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-as-a-specialty
#18
Fareedi Mukram Ali, Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Sultan Mohammed Namis, Asma Ali Hezam, Salma Abdu Swaid, Anas Esam Alomar
BACKGROUND: In many health services communities the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) as a discipline is frequently not probably understood. Good awareness towards OMFS among different branches of health services providers is essential for better referral strategies and will be for the benefit of the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was done using a specially prepared questionnaire distributed randomly to 125 general medical practitioners working in Jazan province...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607833/assessing-clinical-sequelae-of-untreated-caries-among-5-12-and-15-year-old-school-children-in-ambala-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jasneet Sudan, Girish Malleshappa Sogi, L Koretigire Veeresha
Background: Dental caries is a public health problem globally, especially in children. Thus, it is important to quantify its clinical consequences in terms of its prevalence and severity. Aim: This study aims to assess the prevalence and severity of oral conditions linked with untreated dental caries using pulp involvement, ulceration, fistula, abscess (pufa/PUFA) index in 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old school children in Ambala district. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 433 school children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old age group in Ambala district...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596040/comparative-study-of-drainage-and-antibiotics-versus-drainage-only-in-the-management-of-primary-subcutaneous-abscesses
#20
Julio López, Gilberto Gómez, Karime Rodriguez, Julio Dávila, José Núñez, Luis Anaya
BACKGROUND: Skin and soft tissue infections are common problems dealt with in emergency departments and medical offices. It is routine practice to prescribe antibiotic agents after incision and drainage of cutaneous abscesses. However, current evidence does not support prescribing oral antibiotic agents after surgical debridement. The aim of the present study was to determine the actual role of antibiotic agents after drainage of cutaneous abscesses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients undergoing incision and drainage (I&D) of a subcutaneous abscess...
April 2018: Surgical Infections
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