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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432161/aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans-pneumonia-with-chest-and-abdominal-wall-involvement
#1
Iris Storms, Marre van den Brand, Peter Schneeberger, Nico van 't Hullenaar
A 54-year-old man presented with a productive cough, chest pain, fever and weight loss. Initial analysis revealed a palpable chest wall mass and consolidation in the left lower lobe and pleural abnormalities on imaging. At that point no infectious cause or malignancy was identified. Microbiological analysis of a needle biopsy from a newly developed abdominal wall mass revealed growth of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans The patient was successfully treated with antibiotic therapy for 1 year. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is a Gram-negative coccobacillus and is part of the normal oral flora...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428574/the-oral-health-of-individuals-with-dental-phobia-a-multivariate-analysis-of-the-adult-dental-health-survey-2009
#2
E Heidari, M Andiappan, A Banerjee, J T Newton
Background Adults with dental phobia have been reported to have poorer oral health and oral health-related quality of life. The aim of this study is to explore the social and demographic correlates of oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OH-QoL) of people with dental phobia compared to the non-phobic population in the United Kingdom using the data from Adult Dental Health Survey (ADHS, 2009).Method Secondary analysis of data from the ADHS, 2009. A series of logistic regression analyses was performed with outcome measures of: presence of decayed teeth; presence of missing teeth; pulp exposure ulceration fistula abscess (PUFA) score; periodontal health indices (plaque, bleeding and loss of attachments); and quality of life (oral health impact profile [OHIP14] and oral impacts on daily performance [OIDP])...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427354/unique-case-report-of-a-chromomycosis-and-listeria-in-soft-tissue-and-cerebellar-abscesses-after-kidney-transplantation
#3
J Tourret, N Benabdellah, S Drouin, F Charlotte, J Rottembourg, N Arzouk, A Fekkar, B Barrou
BACKGROUND: Chromomycosis is a rare mycotic infection encountered in tropical and subtropical regions. The disease presents as a slowly-evolving nodule that can become infected with bacteria. Here, we describe a unique association of abscesses caused by a chromomycosis and Listeria monocytogenes in a kidney transplant recipient, and didactically expose how the appropriate diagnosis was reached. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year old male originating from the Caribbean presented a scalp lesion which was surgically removed in his hometown where it was misdiagnosed as a sporotrichosis on histology, 3 years after he received a kidney transplant...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424822/rapid-non-contrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-post-appendectomy-intra-abdominal-abscess-in-children
#4
Megan H Lee, Eric P Eutsler, Elizabeth F Sheybani, Geetika Khanna
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis, especially if perforated at presentation, is often complicated by postoperative abscess formation. The detection of a postoperative abscess relies primarily on imaging. This has traditionally been done with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to accurately detect intra-abdominal abscesses, especially with the use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our single-center experience with a rapid non-contrast MRI protocol evaluating post-appendectomy abscesses in children with persistent postsurgical symptoms...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421633/efficacy-of-tulathromycin-for-the-treatment-of-foals-with-mild-to-moderate-bronchopneumonia
#5
D Rutenberg, M Venner, S Giguère
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting data regarding the efficacy of tulathromycin for the treatment of foals with bronchopneumonia. HYPOTHESES: Tulathromycin is effective for the treatment of bronchopneumonia in foals and noninferior to the combination of azithromycin and rifampin. ANIMALS: A total of 240 foals on a farm endemic for infections caused by Rhodococcus equi. METHODS: In a controlled, randomized, and double-blinded clinical trial, foals with ultrasonographic pulmonary lesions (abscess score 10-15 cm) were allocated to 3 groups: 1-tulathromycin IM q 7 days (n = 80); 2-azithromycin-rifampin, orally q24h (n = 80); or 3-untreated controls (n = 80)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416441/glechoma-hederacea-extracts-attenuate-cholestatic-liver-injury-in-a-bile-duct-ligated-rat-model
#6
Ya-Yu Wang, Shih-Yi Lin, Wen-Ying Chen, Su-Lan Liao, Chih-Cheng Wu, Pin-Ho Pan, Su-Tze Chou, Chun-Jung Chen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In traditional Chinese medicine, Glechoma hederacea is frequently prescribed to patients with cholelithiasis, dropsy, abscess, diabetes, inflammation, and jaundice. Polyphenolic compounds are main bioactive components of Glechoma hederacea. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective potential of hot water extract of Glechoma hederacea against cholestatic liver injury in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cholestatic liver injury was produced by ligating common bile ducts in Sprague-Dawley rats...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416390/fluoroscopy-guided-placement-of-pull-type-mushroom-retained-gastrostomy-tubes-in-102-patients
#7
G Kahriman, N Ozcan, H Donmez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical and clinical results of fluoroscopy-guided placement of pull-type mushroom-retained gastrostomy tubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 102 patients (61 men, 41 women) with a mean age of 59years±16.3 (SD) (range, 18-94years) who had fluoroscopy-guided placement of pull-type mushroom-retained gastrostomy tubes. All procedures were performed after inflating the stomach with air via an orally inserted 5-Fr catheter by retrograde catheterization of the esophagogastric junction...
April 14, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414677/a-rare-case-of-tropical-pyomysitis-acquired-on-vacation-in-a-healthy-male
#8
K Poole, T Tran
INTRODUCTION: Pyomyositis has traditionally been considered a tropical disease. Increasing prevalence has been observed in more northern climates, especially with HIV, immunosuppression, and IV drug abuse as predisposing factors. Pyomyositis has the tendency to mimic other conditions, such as muscle contusion, necrotizing fasciitis, or septic arthritis. The rarity of this disease and non-specificity of its symptoms often lead to delay in appropriate diagnosis and treatment. CASE: 24-year-old man, seen 2 days prior in orthopedics clinic and the Emergency Department for persistent gluteal pain thought to be due to right-sided sciatica, was admitted following worsening pain, diffuse generalized weakness with polyarthralgias and myalgias These symptoms were associated with night sweats, shaking chills, and difficulty walking...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409615/peritonsillar-abscess
#9
Nicholas J Galioto
Peritonsillar abscess is the most common deep infection of the head and neck, occurring primarily in young adults. Diagnosis is usually made on the basis of clinical presentation and examination. Symptoms and findings generally include fever, sore throat, dysphagia, trismus, and a "hot potato" voice. Drainage of the abscess, antibiotic therapy, and supportive therapy for maintaining hydration and pain control are the cornerstones of treatment. Most patients can be managed in the outpatient setting. Peritonsillar abscesses are polymicrobial infections, and antibiotics effective against group A streptococcus and oral anaerobes should be first-line therapy...
April 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403899/hepato-bronchial-fistula-secondary-to-perforated-sigmoid-diverticulitis-a-case-report
#10
Jun Sunny Yin, Shaylan Govind, Daniele Wiseman, Richard Inculet, Raymond Kao
BACKGROUND: Patients with diverticulitis are predisposed to hepatic abscesses via seeding through the portal circulation. Hepatic abscesses are well-documented sequelae of diverticulitis, however instances of progression to hepato-bronchial fistulization are rare. We present a case of diverticulitis associated with hepatic abscess leading to hepato-bronchial fistulization, which represents a novel disease course not yet reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old Caucasian man presented with a history of unintentional weight loss and dyspnea both at rest and with exertion...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390120/importance-of-absorbable-surgical-sutures-for-the-prevention-of-stitch-abscess-after-surgery-in-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
N Yamamoto, Y Takahashi, T Kono, A Abe, K Kawamura, T Joujima, N Wakasugi-Sato, S Nishimura, M Oda, T Tanaka, S Kito, K Kawano, Y Morimoto
BACKGROUND: To elucidate the significance of absorbable surgical sutures in the occurrence of stitch abscess after surgery in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects were 251 patients who underwent excision and/or reconstruction and/or neck dissection for oral SCC using absorbable surgical sutures. Detection rates and characteristics of patients with stitch abscess were retrospectively evaluated by comparing between our present and previous data...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384914/orbital-myiasis-with-scalp-pediculosis-and-buccal-abscess-an-uncommon-presentation
#12
Nidhi Kaeley, Rajeev Mohan Kaushik, Richa Rajput, Renu Dhasmana, Anurag Bhargava
We present a case of severe orbital myiasis caused by Osteris ovis, also known as sheep nasal botfly which is an uncommon manifestation of maggot infestation. Our patient was successfully treated with oral as well as topical ivermectin. The experience of ivermectin as an anti-parasitic agent in the treatment of orbital myiasis, although a known entity, is still limited among medical professionals including ophthalmologists. Thus, we would like to highlight the role of oral ivermectin as an anti-parasitic agent in the treatment of orbital myiasis facilitating the removal of maggots; thus, precluding the need for exploratory surgery...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375527/v%C3%A3-rdrelaterade-infektioner-en-betydande-del-av-v%C3%A3-rdskadorna-p%C3%A3-sjukhus-studie-i-link%C3%A3-ping-visar-att-fler-fall-borde-kunna-undvikas
#13
Pernilla Nordqvist, Magnus Roberg, Martin Magnusson, Rune Sjödahl
Preventable hospital acquired infections are common A modified GTT (Global trigger tool) was used for 480 patient records from 15 departments at Linköping University Hospital. Sixty-three hospital-acquired infections (HAI) were detected at 59 admissions. Postoperative wound infections were most common (44.4 %). Catheter-related urinary infections occurred in 15.9 %, infections associated with a central venous catheter in 7.9 % and hospital-acquired pneumonia in 6.3 % of all HAI.  Other types of HAI consisting of any abscess or oral Candida infection composed 17...
April 4, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358636/seroprevalence-of-heartworm-infection-risk-factors-for-seropositivity-and-frequency-of-prescribing-heartworm-preventives-for-cats-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#14
Julie K Levy, Amie N Burling, Michael M Crandall, Sylvia J Tucker, Erin G Wood, Jessie D Foster
OBJECTIVE To determine the seroprevalence of heartworm infection, risk factors for seropositivity, and frequency of prescribing heartworm preventives for cats. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 34,975 cats from 1,353 veterinary clinics (n = 26,707) and 125 animal shelters (8,268) in the United States and Canada. PROCEDURES Blood samples were collected from all cats and tested with a point-of-care ELISA for Dirofilaria immitis antigen, FeLV antigen, and FIV antibody. Results were compared among geographic regions and various cat groupings...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353081/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-melioidosis-a-single-center-experience
#15
Nitin Jagtap, Harshal Shah, Anuradha Kancharla, Manu Tandan, Partha Pal, Sundeep Lakhtakia, Mohan Ramchandani, D N Reddy
Melioidosis, being increasing, is reported from India. Gastrointestinal manifestations are typically reported as unusual cause of liver and/or splenic abscess. We aimed to describe various gastrointestinal manifestation of melioidosis in the present study. We retrospectively collected data of culture positive melioidosis cases from hospital database during August 2014-October 2016 at Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad. A total of nine culture positive cases (8 male) of melioidosis with median age of 40 years (range 23-66) were analyzed...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348763/granulicatella-adiacens-prosthetic-hip-joint-infection-after-dental-treatment
#16
Osama Aweid, Sabapathy Sundararajan, Abraham Teferi
INTRODUCTION: Granulicatella adiacens is a Gram-positive bacteria and a normal component of oral flora. It is also found in dental plaques, endodontic abscesses and can rarely cause more serious infections. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a prosthetic hip joint infection in an 81-year-old fit and healthy man due to Granulicatella adiacens who underwent a prolonged dental intervention two days earlier without antibiotic prophylaxis. The infection was successfully treated with surgical intervention and a combination of antibiotics...
June 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344158/laparoscopic-vs-open-approach-for-transverse-colon-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Christos D Athanasiou, Jonathan Robinson, Marina Yiasemidou, Sonia Lockwood, Georgios A Markides
BACKGROUND: Transverse colon malignancies have been excluded from all randomized controlled trials comparing laparoscopic against open colectomies, potentially due to the advanced laparoscopic skills required for dissecting around the middle colic vessels and the associated morbidity. Concerns have been expressed that the laparoscopic approach may compromise the oncological clearance in transverse colon cancer. This study aimed to comprehensively compare the laparoscopic (LPA) to the open (OPA) approach by performing a meta-analysis of long and short term outcomes...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340493/conservative-treatment-with-octreotide-to-provide-early-recovery-of-children-with-esophageal-perforation
#18
Ramazan Karabulut, Zafer Turkyilmaz, Kaan Sonmez, Abdullah Can Basaklar
Background The effectiveness of nonoperative treatment of esophageal perforation (EP) in children with octreotide is highlighted. Methods Records of nine patients (seven boys and two girls with an average age of 5.83 ± 5.35 years) with EP were reviewed. Results EP developed in six patients during dilation of esophageal stenosis (five of six caused by caustic burns). In the other three patients, EP developed after nasogastric placement, after endotracheal intubation, and during endoscopy for foreign body...
March 24, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330791/value-of-routine-upper-gastrointestinal-swallow-study-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#19
Cyril Chivot, Lionel Rebibo, Brice Robert, Abdennaceur Dhahri, Jean-Marc Regimbeau, Thierry Yzet
BACKGROUND: Gastric leak (GL) is one of the main early-onset postoperative complications of sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Many institutions perform routine upper gastrointestinal (UGI) contrast studies within 24 hours of surgery, looking for GL or gastric stenosis and to determine the need for urgent re-exploration, but this examination delays oral feeding, can cause side effects and is responsible for systematic and probably unnecessary irradiation of the patient. OBJECTIVE: Determine the efficacy of routine UGI contrast studies to predict postoperative complications after SG in a large population...
February 10, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328604/retropharyngeal-abscess-presenting-with-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#20
Hasan Emre Koçak, Mehmet Nurettin Kiral, Harun Acipayam, Mustafa Suphi Elbistanli, Fatma Tülin Kayhan
Retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) is the second most common deep neck space infection after peritonsiller abscess in pediatric population. Major signs and symptoms on physical examination include fever, hypersalivation, odynophagia, reduced oral intake, sore throat, swelling on the neck, torticollis, limitation in neck mobility, and voice changes. In this paper, the authors present a case of RPA with unusual and interesting presenting symptoms in a 10-month-old infant that exhibit new-onset and worsening snoring and sleep apnea...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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