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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069785/postoperative-mycoplasma-hominis-brain-abscess-keep-it-in-mind
#1
Sarah Maria Bergin, Shehara M Mendis, Barnaby Young, Ezlyn Binti Izharuddin
A temporal lobe abscess was diagnosed in a 57-year-old man. A urethral catheter had been inserted 12 days earlier, just prior to clot evacuation of a subacute haematoma secondary to an arterio-venous malformation. Fever persisted despite debridement and treatment with meropenem and vancomycin. Gram stains of operative samples showed no bacteria. Extended cultures grew pinpoint colonies after 5 days. Meanwhile, sequencing of bacterial 16S rDNA from operative specimens had identified Mycoplasma hominis; the bacterial colonies were subsequently similarly identified...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069657/obesity-and-heart-failure-predictors-of-failure-in-outpatient-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#2
Erin L Conway, John A Sellick, Kari Kurtzhalts, Kari A Mergenhagen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors for failure of antibiotic treatment within 30 days for uncomplicated skin infections of outpatients treated in a Veteran's Affairs hospital. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of outpatients between January 2006 to July 2015 with an ICD-9 code of cellulitis or abscess were included in the analysis. The primary outcome was success versus failure of the antibiotic with failure defined as another antibiotic prescribed or hospitalization within 30 days for the original indication...
January 9, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057402/consultation-with-a-specialized-pain-clinic-reduces-pain-after-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#3
Eva-Maria Dietrich, Norbert Griessinger, Friedrich Wilhelm Neukam, Tilo Schlittenbauer
PURPOSE: Postoperative pain management is important for improved patient care. Our primary objective was to investigate the effect of analgesic treatment adaptation by the pain clinic on postoperative pain relief at an oral and maxillofacial surgery department. Additionally, we aimed to present patients' pain characteristics and the administered analgesic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 128 patients treated at our clinic in the period 2012-2015 who required analgesic treatment adaptation by our pain clinic were included...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050502/antibacterial-effect-of-aloe-vera-gel-against-oral-pathogens-an-in-vitro-study
#4
Supreet Jain, Nirav Rathod, Ravleen Nagi, Jaideep Sur, Afshan Laheji, Naveen Gupta, Priyanka Agrawal, Swati Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Natural herbal remedies have shown promising anti-microbial property and fewer side effects compared to synthetic anti-microbial therapy. Aloe Vera is a medicinal plant used for management of various infections since ancient times as it has anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and immune-boosting properties. AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the anti-microbial and inhibitory activities of various concentration of Aloe Vera Gel (AVG) against oral pathogenic bacteria...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034855/genome-sequence-of-actinomyces-naeslundii-strain-atcc-27039-isolated-from-an-abdominal-wound-abscess
#5
Chiho Mashimo, Kazuyoshi Yamane, Takeshi Yamanaka, Hugo Maruyama, Pao-Li Wang, Satoshi Komasa, Joji Okazaki, Takayuki Nambu
Here, we present the complete genome sequence of Actinomyces naeslundii strain ATCC 27039, isolated from an abdominal wound abscess. This strain is genetically transformable and will thus provide valuable information related to its crucial role in oral multispecies biofilm development.
December 29, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027806/-actinomycotic-brain-abscess-in-immunocompetent-patient
#6
Mikel Armendariz-Guezala, José Undabeitia-Huertas, Nicolás Samprón-Lebed, Marta Michan-Mendez, Irune Ruiz-Diaz, Enrique Úrculo-Bareño
BACKGROUND: The actinomyces is germ commonly found in the normal flora of the oral cavity and gastro-intestinal and uro-genital tracts. Involvement in other locations is a very uncommon event. OBJECTIVES: To describe a patient with an actinomicotyc brain abscess CLINICAL CASE: We report the case of a patient who suffered a seizure and decreased level of consciousness. Imaging tests revealed the presence of lesions both in the lung and in the brain. An urgent craniotomy was performed and the diagnosis of actinomicotyc abscess was obtained...
December 24, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018690/multiple-renal-abscesses-due-to-esbl-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-causing-acute-pyelonephritis-and-bacteremia-a-case-report-with-a-good-outcome-no-drainage-required
#7
Abdalla Khalil, Musaad Qurash, Asem Saleh, Rasha Ali, Mohamed Elwakil
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae urinary tract infections are challenging infections with increased mortality, morbidity, and failure of therapy. A 44-year-old Saudi male diabetic patient was seen at the ER of IMC Hospital with features of acute pyelonephritis: fever, burning urine, and left flank pain for three days. He was treated for cystitis at the Endocrine Clinic two weeks prior to his ER visit with nitrofurantoin and levofloxacin orally according to urine culture and sensitivity result...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012078/odontoid-osteomyelitis-with-atlantoaxial-subluxation-in-an-infant
#8
Hoon Park, Hyung Kwon Byeon, Hak-Sun Kim, Jung Jun Hong, Kyung-Soo Suk
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of odontoid osteomyelitis with atlantoaxial subluxation in a 6-month-old infant. BACKGROUND: Odontoid osteomyelitis with atlantoaxial subluxation is extremely rare in children. Although several cases have been reported, there have been no studies concerning proper surgical drainage and immobilization in this disease. METHODS: A 6-month-old infant with odontoid osteomyelitis with atlantoaxial subluxation was surgically treated...
December 23, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011975/dental-worm-disease
#9
Sergio Sabbatani, Sirio Fiorino
During human evolution, the period in which groups of humans stopped harvesting fruits and seeds growing wild and introduced the cultivation of cereals as well as the domestication of animals represents a very important event. This circumstance had a considerable impact on human pathocenosis, increasing the risk of infectious diseases of animal origin. The aim of this review was to summarise the archaeological and palaeo-pathological evidence in the literature concerning this topic. Starting from early prehistory (about 1...
1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005295/antibiotics-in-endodontics-a-review
#10
REVIEW
J J Segura-Egea, K Gould, B Hakan Şen, P Jonasson, E Cotti, A Mazzoni, H Sunay, L Tjäderhane, P M H Dummer
The overuse of antibiotics and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains is a global concern. This concern is also of importance in terms of the oral microbiota and the use of antibiotics to deal with oral and dental infections. The aim of this paper is to review the current literature on the indications and use of antibiotics and to make recommendations for their prescription in endodontic patients. Odontogenic infections, including endodontic infections, are polymicrobial, and in most cases, the prescription of antibiotics is empirical...
December 22, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994782/non-caseating-granulomatous-infective-spondylitis-melioidotic-spondylitis
#11
Justin Arockiaraj, Rajiv Karthik, Veena Jeyaraj, Rohit Amritanand, Venkatesh Krishnan, Kenny Samuel David, Gabriel David Sundararaj
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical analysis. PURPOSE: To delineate the clinical presentation of melioidosis in the spine and to create awareness among healthcare professionals, particularly spine surgeons, regarding the diagnosis and treatment of melioidotic spondylitis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Melioidosis is an emerging disease, particularly in developing countries, associated with a high mortality rate. Its causative pathogen, Burkholderia pseudomallei, has been labeled as a bio-terrorism agent...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977869/endodontic-treatment-related-antibiotic-prescribing-patterns-of-south-african-oral-health-professionals
#12
R Lalloo, G Solanki, K Ramphoma, N G Myburgh
AIM: To assess the antibiotic prescribing patterns of South African dentists for patients undergoing endodontic treatment. METHODOLOGY: This study used data from 2013 health insurance claims submitted by South African oral health professionals to determine the antibiotic prescribing patterns related to endodontic treatment. A logistic regression model was used to test the fully adjusted statistical significance of the association between the exploratory variables (gender, age group, event type, abscess treatment, chronic health) and the dependent variable (antibiotic prescription)...
December 15, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973608/microbial-community-composition-impacts-pathogen-iron-availability-during-polymicrobial-infection
#13
Apollo Stacy, Nader Abraham, Peter Jorth, Marvin Whiteley
Iron is an essential nutrient for bacterial pathogenesis, but in the host, iron is tightly sequestered, limiting its availability for bacterial growth. Although this is an important arm of host immunity, most studies examine how bacteria respond to iron restriction in laboratory rather than host settings, where the microbiome can potentially alter pathogen strategies for acquiring iron. One of the most important transcriptional regulators controlling bacterial iron homeostasis is Fur. Here we used a combination of RNA-seq and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-seq to characterize the iron-restricted and Fur regulons of the biofilm-forming opportunistic pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965310/rare-cause-of-back-pain-staphylococcus-aureus-vertebral-osteomyelitis-complicated-by-recurrent-epidural-abscess-and-severe-sepsis
#14
Louise Dunphy, Shabnam Iyer, Christopher Brown
An epidural abscess represents a rare acute medical emergency, with a reported incidence of 2.5/10 000 hospital admissions annually. The clinical features include fever, spinal pain, radiating nerve root pain and leg weakness. When sepsis is present, prompt recognition is required to initiate appropriate antimicrobial therapy and surgical decompression. We present the case of a man aged 68 years presenting to the emergency department with a 3-day history of fever, low back, right hip and leg pain. He was hypoxic, tachycardic and hypotensive...
December 13, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957349/a-case-of-buccal-abscess-from-an-impacted-wisdom-tooth-in-an-elderly-person-with-malnutrition
#15
Yuki Kojima, Mizuha Kojima, Kazuhiro Sakaguchi, Yutaka Sakaguchi
We report a case of buccal abscess caused by an impacted wisdom tooth in an extremely elderly person with malnutrition. The patient was a 94-year-old man, who complained that he had found it hard to open his mouth and that his cheek had been swollen for the previous 2 weeks. He had a shallow oral wound caused by an improperly fitting denture; however, the wound became infected. We performed incisional drainage of the abscess under local anesthesia. The swelling disappeared and he was able to open his mouth 55 mm...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941195/mucoceles-of-minor-salivary-glands-in-children-own-clinical-observations
#16
Bogumił Lewandowski, Robert Brodowski, Paweł Pakla, Aleksander Makara, Wojciech Stopyra, Bartek Startek
INTRODUCTION: Mucoceles are benign lesions associated with the pathology of the oral mucosa of minor salivary glands. Two types of cysts are distinguished depending on their pathogenesis. Most often they occur as a result of mechanical trauma and mucus extravasation into tissues or obstruction of the gland ducts. AIM: The aim of the study was to present our own experiences regarding mucoceles of minor salivary glands in the oral cavity taking into account how frequently the individual types of cysts occur in children...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930461/odontogenic-orofacial-infections
#17
Dario Bertossi, Antonio Barone, Antonio Iurlaro, Simone Marconcini, Daniele De Santis, Marco Finotti, Pasquale Procacci
Acute dental abscess is a frequent and sometimes underestimated disease of the oral cavity. The acute dental abscess usually occurs secondary to caries, trauma, or failed endodontic treatment. After the intact pulp chamber is opened, colonization of the root canals takes place with a variable set of anaerobic bacteria, which colonize the walls of the necrotic root canals forming a specialized mixed anaerobic biofilm. Asymptomatic necrosis is common. However, abscess formation occurs when these bacteria and their toxic products breach into the periapical tissues through the apical foramen and induce acute inflammation and pus formation...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903249/management-lacrimal-sac-abscesses-using-lacrimal-probe-and-crawford-silicon-tube
#18
Lin Lin, Li Yang, Xiuming Jin, Yingying Zhao, Fangli Fan
BACKGROUND: Treatment of lacrimal sac abscess of the traditional surgical approach may result in complications from cutaneous fistula formation, damage the sac, cause skin scarring and even have the potential for inducing cicatricial ectropion. We designed a new treatment scheme that is expected to achieve internal drainage with the use of lacrimal probe and crawford silicon tube. METHODS: A prospective study was performed for the management of lacrimal sac abscesses...
November 30, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903018/intrathecal-baclofen-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-spasticity-in-lithuania
#19
Robertas Kvascevicius, Ona Lapteva, Jurate Kesiene, Alfredas Vaitkus, Laima Mikulenaite, Ramunas Raugalas, Jurate Sipylaite, Saulius Rocka, Alvydas Juocevicius
Spasticity of cerebral or spinal origin severely impairs an individual's functional ability and quality of life. Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy via an implantable pump is indicated for use in patients unresponsive to oral antispasmodics. ITB therapy improves the daily caring for and relief of painful spasms. In Lithuania, ITB therapy was introduced in clinical practice just recently. We share our experience of spasticity management with the ITB pump system in five patients at Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Klinikos...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902667/managing-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-the-emergency-department-observation-unit
#20
Shabana Yusuf, Joseph L Hagan, Aderonke O Adekunle-Ojo
BACKGROUND: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are a common reason for presentation to the emergency department (ED) and account for 3% of ED visits. Patients with a diagnosis of cellulitis requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics have traditionally been admitted to the hospital. In our institution, these patients are placed in the ED Observation Unit (EDOU) for IV antibiotics. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine if 3 doses of IV antibiotics are adequate to document clinical improvement in children with uncomplicated SSTI...
December 2, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
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