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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909763/-pharmacotherapy-of-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-state-of-the-art
#1
Philipp E Eich, Beat Nick
Pharmacotherapy of schizophrenia spectrum disorders: State of the Art Abstract. Schizophrenia is a disorder, whose cause and course are still a puzzle. Nevertheless its treatment has made big progresses during the last decades. Early recognition and early treatment of the disorder are very important for a good outcome. Any of the four stages of the illness needs its own treatment concept. Today the gold standard during a acute / progressive psychotic phase is primarily the prescription of an 2nd generation antipsychotic (atypicals)...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872918/-influence-of-early-childhood-stress-exposure-and-traumatic-life-events-on-pain-perception
#2
REVIEW
J Tesarz, A Gerhardt, W Eich
Adult pain perception is influenced substantially by interactions between mind, body, and social environment during early life. Early stress exposure and traumatic life events induce powerful psychophysical stress reactions that exert multiple neurofunctional processes. This has significant implications for pain perception and pain processing. As part of this review, the complex relationships between traumatic stress experiences and associated psychobiological mechanisms of chronic pain will be discussed. Based on selected studies, psychophysiological findings are presented and possible underlying mechanisms are discussed...
June 5, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851190/choosing-wisely-in-pediatric-anesthesia-an-interpretation-from-the-german-scientific-working-group-of-paediatric-anaesthesia-wakka
#3
Karin Becke, Christoph Eich, Claudia Höhne, Martin Jöhr, Andreas Machotta, Markus Schreiber, Robert Sümpelmann
Inspired by the Choosing Wisely initiative, a group of pediatric anesthesiologists representing the German Working Group on Paediatric Anaesthesia (WAKKA) coined and agreed upon 10 concise positive ("dos") or negative ("don'ts") evidence-based recommendations. (i) In infants and children with robust indications for surgical, interventional, or diagnostic procedures, anesthesia or sedation should not be avoided or delayed due to the potential neurotoxicity associated with the exposure to anesthetics...
May 30, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802435/treatment-planning-for-spinal-radiosurgery-a-competitive-multiplatform-benchmark-challenge
#4
Christos Moustakis, Mark K H Chan, Jinkoo Kim, Joakim Nilsson, Alanah Bergman, Tewfik J Bichay, Isabel Palazon Cano, Savino Cilla, Francesco Deodato, Raffaela Doro, Jürgen Dunst, Hans Theodor Eich, Pierre Fau, Ming Fong, Uwe Haverkamp, Simon Heinze, Guido Hildebrandt, Detlef Imhoff, Erik de Klerck, Janett Köhn, Ulrike Lambrecht, Britta Loutfi-Krauss, Fatemeh Ebrahimi, Laura Masi, Alan H Mayville, Ante Mestrovic, Maaike Milder, Alessio G Morganti, Dirk Rades, Ulla Ramm, Claus Rödel, Frank-Andre Siebert, Wilhelm den Toom, Lei Wang, Stefan Wurster, Achim Schweikard, Scott G Soltys, Samuel Ryu, Oliver Blanck
PURPOSE: To investigate the quality of treatment plans of spinal radiosurgery derived from different planning and delivery systems. The comparisons include robotic delivery and intensity modulated arc therapy (IMAT) approaches. Multiple centers with equal systems were used to reduce a bias based on individual's planning abilities. The study used a series of three complex spine lesions to maximize the difference in plan quality among the various approaches. METHODS: Internationally recognized experts in the field of treatment planning and spinal radiosurgery from 12 centers with various treatment planning systems participated...
May 25, 2018: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787570/adjuvant-chemotherapy-radiotherapy-chemotherapy-sandwich-protocol-in-resectable-soft-tissue-sarcoma-an-updated-single-center-analysis-of-104-cases
#5
Christoph Schliemann, Andrea Kerkhoff, Paula Hesse, Sebastian Bröckling, Jendrik Hardes, Arne Streitbürger, Dimosthenis Andreou, Georg Gosheger, Sandra Elges, Eva Wardelmann, Wolfgang Hartmann, Rolf Mesters, Georg Lenz, Normann Willich, Jan Kriz, Hans Eich, Wolfgang E Berdel, Torsten Kessler
Adjuvant therapy of local soft tissue sarcomas (STS) after wide surgical excision still is a topic under controversial scientific debate. In this single center report we have offered an adjuvant "sandwich" therapy protocol consisting of 4 cycles of doxorubicin (75 mg/m2 i.v. over 1 h on day 1) followed by ifosfamide (5 g/m2 i.v. over 24 h starting on day 1) and local radiotherapy scheduled between chemotherapy cycles 2 and 3 to 104 consecutive patients after wide surgical excision (R0) of histologically proven high-grade STS...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784941/high-fidelity-entanglement-between-a-trapped-ion-and-a-telecom-photon-via-quantum-frequency-conversion
#6
Matthias Bock, Pascal Eich, Stephan Kucera, Matthias Kreis, Andreas Lenhard, Christoph Becher, Jürgen Eschner
Entanglement between a stationary quantum system and a flying qubit is an essential ingredient of a quantum-repeater network. It has been demonstrated for trapped ions, trapped atoms, color centers in diamond, or quantum dots. These systems have transition wavelengths in the blue, red or near-infrared spectral regions, whereas long-range fiber-communication requires wavelengths in the low-loss, low-dispersion telecom regime. A proven tool to interconnect flying qubits at visible/NIR wavelengths to the telecom bands is quantum frequency conversion...
May 21, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773853/photonic-glass-for-high-contrast-structural-color
#7
Guoliang Shang, Lukas Maiwald, Hagen Renner, Dirk Jalas, Maksym Dosta, Stefan Heinrich, Alexander Petrov, Manfred Eich
Non-iridescent structural colors based on disordered arrangement of monodisperse spherical particles, also called photonic glass, show low color saturation due to gradual transition in the reflectivity spectrum. No significant improvement is usually expected from particles optimization, as Mie resonances are broad for small dielectric particles with moderate refractive index. Moreover, the short range order of a photonic glass alone is also insufficient to cause sharp spectral features. We show here, that the combination of a well-chosen particle geometry with the short range order of a photonic glass has strong synergetic effects...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722655/the-role-of-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-hodgkin-lymphoma-guidelines-from-the-international-lymphoma-radiation-oncology-group
#8
REVIEW
Louis S Constine, Joachim Yahalom, Andrea K Ng, David C Hodgson, Andrew Wirth, Sarah A Milgrom, N George Mikhaeel, Hans Theodor Eich, Tim Illidge, Umberto Ricardi, Karin Dieckmann, Craig H Moskowitz, Ranjana Advani, Peter M Mauch, Lena Specht, Richard T Hoppe
Relapsed and refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) challenges clinicians to devise treatment strategies that are effective and safe. This problem is particularly prominent in an era when de-escalation trials are designed to minimize therapeutic toxicities in both early- and advanced-stage disease. Radiation therapy is the single most effective treatment modality for HL, and its integration into salvage regimens, or its independent use in select patients, must be understood to maximize our success in treating these patients...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716057/ewald-sphere-construction-for-structural-colors
#9
Lukas Maiwald, Slawa Lang, Dirk Jalas, Hagen Renner, Alexander Yu Petrov, Manfred Eich
Disordered structures producing a non-iridescent color impression have been shown to feature a spherically shaped Fourier transform of their refractive-index distribution. We determine the direction and efficiency of scattering from thin films made from such structures with the help of the Ewald sphere construction which follows from first-order scattering approximation. This way we present a simple geometrical argument why these structures are well suited for creating short wavelength colors like blue but are hindered from producing long wavelength colors like red...
April 30, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701812/pain-intensity-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-does-age-matter
#10
Markus Wettstein, Wolfgang Eich, Christiane Bieber, Jonas Tesarz
Objective: Nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a frequent medical condition among middle-aged and older adults. Its detrimental consequences for functional ability and quality of life are well known. However, less is known about associations of chronological age with disability and well-being among CLBP patients. Coping with pain may be harder with advancing age due to additional age-associated losses of physical, sensory, and other resources, resulting in higher disability and lower quality of life...
April 25, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685124/the-german-version-of-the-helping-alliance-questionnaire-psychometric-properties-in-patients-with-persistent-depressive-disorder
#11
Hannah Sophie Eich, Levente Kriston, Elisabeth Schramm, Josef Bailer
BACKGROUND: The Helping Alliance Questionnaire (HAQ) is a frequently used and highly relevant instrument to assess the therapeutic alliance. The questionnaire was translated into German by Bassler and colleagues (1995) and is available for patients (HAQ-P) and therapists (HAQ-T). Whereas the HAQ-P has been tested regarding psychometrics, the HAQ-T has not. This study aimed at further investigating the psychometric properties of both the HAQ-P and HAQ-T. We hypothesized that the instrument is reliable and shows factorial as well as convergent validity...
April 23, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660278/transient-charge-and-energy-flow-in-the-wide-band-limit
#12
F Covito, F G Eich, R Tuovinen, M A Sentef, A Rubio
The wide-band limit is a commonly used approximation to analyze transport through nanoscale devices. In this work we investigate its applicability to the study of charge and heat transport through molecular break junctions exposed to voltage biases and temperature gradients. We find by comparative simulations that while the wide-band-limit approximation faithfully describes the long-time charge and heat transport, it fails to characterize the short-time behavior of the junction. In particular, we show that the charge current flowing through the device shows a discontinuity when a temperature gradient is applied, while the energy flow is discontinuous when a voltage bias is switched on and even diverges when the junction is exposed to both a temperature gradient and a voltage bias...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623466/is-tumor-volume-reduction-during-radiotherapy-prognostic-relevant-in-patients-with-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#13
Khaled Elsayad, Laith Samhouri, Sergiu Scobioala, Uwe Haverkamp, Hans Theodor Eich
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Lung cancer tumor volume reduction is common during radiation treatment (RT). The purpose of this study was to investigate tumor volume reduction ratio (VRR) and its correlation with outcomes in a cohort of patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who underwent image-guided radiochemotherapy (RCTx). MATERIALS/METHODS: Fifty patients with NSCLC treated with fractionated RT at our institution between 2013 and 2017 were included...
June 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614508/diagnosis-and-management-of-asthma-the-swiss-guidelines
#14
Thomas Rothe, Paolo Spagnolo, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Christian Clarenbach, Christine Eich-Wanger, Franca Meyer, David Miedinger, Alexander Möller, Laurent P Nicod, Geneviève Nicolet-Chatelain, Alain Sauty, Claudia Steurer-Stey, Joerg D Leuppi
The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) is a network of individuals, organizations, and public health officials that was established to disseminate information about the care of patients with asthma and to improve asthma care. The GINA ("Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention") report has been updated annually since 2002. Due to new knowledge and therapeutic development in the field, the Swiss Respiratory Society felt the need to provide a new document that is based on both the available literature and the recommendations of the 2016 GINA report...
2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604794/design-and-performance-of-an-ultra-high-vacuum-spin-polarized-scanning-tunneling-microscope-operating-at-30-mk-and-in-a-vector-magnetic-field
#15
Henning von Allwörden, Andreas Eich, Elze J Knol, Jan Hermenau, Andreas Sonntag, Jan W Gerritsen, Daniel Wegner, Alexander A Khajetoorians
We describe the design and performance of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) that operates at a base temperature of 30 mK in a vector magnetic field. The cryogenics is based on an ultra-high vacuum (UHV) top-loading wet dilution refrigerator that contains a vector magnet allowing for fields up to 9 T perpendicular and 4 T parallel to the sample. The STM is placed in a multi-chamber UHV system, which allows in situ preparation and exchange of samples and tips. The entire system rests on a 150-ton concrete block suspended by pneumatic isolators, which is housed in an acoustically isolated and electromagnetically shielded laboratory optimized for extremely low noise scanning probe measurements...
March 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579537/use-of-high-metal-containing-biogas-digestates-in-cereal-production-mobility-of-chromium-and-aluminium
#16
Ivan Dragicevic, Susanne Eich-Greatorex, Trine A Sogn, Svein J Horn, Tore Krogstad
Biogas digestate use as organic fertilizer has been widely promoted in recent years as a part of the global agenda on recycling waste and new sustainable energy production. Although many studies have confirmed positive effects of digestates on soil fertility, there is still lack of information on the potential adverse effects of digestates on natural soil heavy metal content, metal leaching and leaching of other pollutants. We have investigated the release of aluminium (Al) and chromium (Cr) from different soils treated with commercial digestates high in mentioned potentially problematic metals in a field experiment, while a greenhouse and a laboratory column experiment were used to address mobility of these metals in two other scenarios...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561066/safety-immunogenicity-pharmacokinetics-and-efficacy-of-degradation-of-anti-hla-antibodies-by-ides-imlifidase-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#17
Tomas Lorant, Mats Bengtsson, Torsten Eich, Britt-Marie Eriksson, Lena Winstedt, Sofia Järnum, Yvonne Stenberg, Anna-Karin Robertson, Kristina Mosén, Lars Björck, Lars Bäckman, Erik Larsson, Kathryn Wood, Gunnar Tufveson, Christian Kjellman
Safety, immunogenicity, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of the IgG-degrading enzyme of Streptococcus pyogenes (IdeS [imlifidase]) were assessed in a single-center, open-label ascending-dose study in highly sensitized patients with chronic kidney disease. Eight patients with cytotoxic PRAs (median cytotoxic PRAs of 64%) at enrollment received 1 or 2 intravenous infusions of IdeS on consecutive days (0.12 mg/kg body weight ×2 [n = 3]; 0.25 mg/kg ×1 [n = 3], or 0.25 mg/kg ×2 [n = 2]). IgG degradation was observed in all subjects after IdeS treatment, with <1% plasma IgG remaining within 48 hours and remaining low up to 7 days...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554368/eye-pain-and-dry-eye-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#18
Alexander Karl-Georg Schuster, Markus Wettstein, Andreas Gerhardt, Wolfgang Eich, Christiane Bieber, Jonas Tesarz
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine visual function and eye symptoms in fibromyalgia patients, with a particular focus on dry eye syndrome and eye pain. Methods: A tertiary care center-based cross-sectional study was carried out in chronic musculoskeletal pain patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia. Chronic musculoskeletal pain patients without fibromyalgia were enrolled as a comparison group. Self-reported eye pain was investigated with the McGill pain questionnaire and the numeric rating scale...
March 15, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550384/long-term-efficacy-of-reduced-intensity-versus-myeloablative-conditioning-before-allogeneic-haemopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-in-first-complete-remission-retrospective-follow-up-of-an-open-label-randomised-phase-3-trial
#19
Frederick Fasslrinner, Johannes Schetelig, Andreas Burchert, Michael Kramer, Rudolf Trenschel, Ute Hegenbart, Michael Stadler, Kerstin Schäfer-Eckart, Michael Bätzel, Hans Eich, Martin Stuschke, Rita Engenhart-Cabillic, Mechthild Krause, Peter Dreger, Andreas Neubauer, Gerhard Ehninger, Dietrich Beelen, Wolfgang E Berdel, Timo Siepmann, Matthias Stelljes, Martin Bornhäuser
BACKGROUND: The impact of the intensity of conditioning before allogeneic haemopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has been studied in a randomised phase 3 trial comparing reduced-intensity conditioning with myeloablative conditioning in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia in first complete remission. Because of the short follow-up of the original trial, whether reduced-intensity conditioning increases the risk of late relapse compared with myeloablative conditioning remained unclear...
April 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510865/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-sbrt-for-multiple-pulmonary-oligometastases-analysis-of-number-and-timing-of-repeat-sbrt-as-impact-factors-on-treatment-safety-and-efficacy
#20
R J Klement, J Hoerner-Rieber, S Adebahr, N Andratschke, O Blanck, J Boda-Heggemann, M Duma, M J Eble, H C Eich, M Flentje, S Gerum, P Hass, C Henkenberens, G Hildebrandt, D Imhoff, K H Kahl, N D Klass, R Krempien, F Lohaus, C Petersen, E Schrade, T G Wendt, A Wittig, M Guckenberger
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for oligometastatic disease is characterized by an excellent safety profile; however, experiences are mostly based on treatment of one single metastasis. It was the aim of this study to evaluate safety and efficacy of SBRT for multiple pulmonary metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is based on a retrospective database of the DEGRO stereotactic working group, consisting of 637 patients with 858 treatments...
March 3, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
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