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Robert Sümpelmann, Karin Becke, Sebastian Brenner, Christian Breschan, Christoph Eich, Claudia Höhne, Martin Jöhr, Franz-Josef Kretz, Gernot Marx, Lars Pape, Markus Schreiber, Jochen Strauss, Markus Weiss
This consensus- based S1 Guideline for perioperative infusion therapy in children is focused on safety and efficacy. The objective is to maintain or re-establish the child's normal physiological state (normovolemia, normal tissue perfusion, normal metabolic function, normal acid- base- electrolyte status). Therefore, the perioperative fasting times should be as short as possible to prevent patient discomfort, dehydration, and ketoacidosis. A physiologically composed balanced isotonic electrolyte solution (BS) with 1-2...
October 17, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
S Mathias, S Eich, J Urbancic, S Michael, A V Carr, S Emmerich, A Stange, T Popmintchev, T Rohwer, M Wiesenmayer, A Ruffing, S Jakobs, S Hellmann, P Matyba, C Chen, L Kipp, M Bauer, H C Kapteyn, H C Schneider, K Rossnagel, M M Murnane, M Aeschlimann
Capturing the dynamic electronic band structure of a correlated material presents a powerful capability for uncovering the complex couplings between the electronic and structural degrees of freedom. When combined with ultrafast laser excitation, new phases of matter can result, since far-from-equilibrium excited states are instantaneously populated. Here, we elucidate a general relation between ultrafast non-equilibrium electron dynamics and the size of the characteristic energy gap in a correlated electron material...
October 4, 2016: Nature Communications
J Kriz, C Baues, R Engenhart-Cabillic, U Haverkamp, K Herfarth, P Lukas, H Schmidberger, S Marnitz-Schulze, M Fuchs, A Engert, H T Eich
INTRODUCTION: Field design changed substantially from extended-field RT (EF-RT) to involved-field RT (IF-RT) and now to involved-node RT (IN-RT) and involved-site RT (IS-RT) as well as treatment techniques in radiotherapy (RT) of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the establishment of a quality assurance program (QAP) including modern RT techniques and field designs within the German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG). METHODS: In the era of modern conformal RT, this QAP had to be fundamentally adapted and a new evaluation process has been intensively discussed by the radiotherapeutic expert panel of the GHSG...
September 27, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
J Kriz, H Seegenschmiedt, A Bartels, O Micke, R Muecke, U Schaefer, U Haverkamp, H Eich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
S Scobioala, C Kittel, U Haverkamp, M Channaoui, O Habibeh, K Elsayad, H T T Eich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Sergiu Scobioala, Christopher Kittel, Nicolas Wissmann, Uwe Haverkamp, Mohammed Channaoui, Omar Habibeh, Khaled Elsayad, Hans Theodor Eich
BACKGROUND: Comparing radiation treatment plans to ascertain the optimal intensity-modulated radiation technique for low-risk prostate cancer. METHODS: Treatment plans for 20 randomly selected patients were generated using the same dose objectives. A dosimetric comparison was performed between various intensity-modulated techniques, including protons. All treatment plans provided conventional treatment with 79.2Gy. Dosimetric indices for the target volume and organs at risk (OAR), including homogeneity index and four conformity indices were analyzed...
September 27, 2016: Radiation Oncology
Laura Bohleber, Aureliano Crameri, Brigitte Eich-Stierli, Rainer Telesko, Agnes von Wyl
BACKGROUND: Adolescence with its many transitions is a vulnerable period for the development of mental illnesses. Establishing effective mental health promotion programs for this age group is a challenge crucial to societal health. Programs must account for the specific developmental tasks that adolescents face. Considering peer influence and fostering adolescent autonomy strivings is essential. Participation in a program should be compelling to young people, and their affinity to new technologies offers unprecedented opportunities in this respect...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Teal S Eich, Anna MacKay-Brandt, Yaakov Stern, Daniel Gopher
OBJECTIVES: Recent work has identified different aspects of executive function that may underlie cognitive changes associated with age. The current study used a multifactorial design to investigate age sensitivity in the ability to shift between different task sets and the interaction of this ability with several specific aspects of executive control. METHOD: A large, well-characterized sample of younger (n = 40) and clinically healthy older (n = 51) adults completed a task switching paradigm in which 3 aspects of executive control were manipulated between subjects: a) sensorimotor demand (the number of distinct stimulus-response options); b) stimulus-level interference (i...
September 15, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Nancy Berte, Stefanie Lokan, Marcus Eich, Ella Kim, Bernd Kaina
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a malignant brain tumor with a dismal prognosis, shows a high level of chemo- and radioresistance and, therefore, attempts to sensitize glioma cells are highly desired. Here, we addressed the question of whether artesunate (ART), a drug currently used in the treatment of malaria, enhances the killing response of glioblastoma cells to temozolomide (TMZ), which is the first-line therapeutic for GBM. We measured apoptosis, necrosis, autophagy and senescence, and the extent of DNA damage in glioblastoma cells...
September 12, 2016: Oncotarget
J Kriz, C Baues, R Engenhart-Cabillic, U Haverkamp, K Herfart, P Lukas, A Plütschow, H Schmidberger, S Staar, M Fuchs, A Engert, H T Eich
INTRODUCTION: As part of the foundation of the German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG) in 1978, a central radiotherapy (RT) reference centre was established to evaluate and to improve the quality of treatment. During the study generations, the quality assurance programs (QAP) were continued and adapted to the demands of each study. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the results of the fifth study generation and to compare them to the previous findings. METHODS: With the start of the fourth GHSG study generation (HD10-12), a central prospective review of all diagnostic images was established to create an individual treatment plan for each early stage study patient...
September 5, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Robert Sümpelmann, Melanie Fieler, Christoph Eich, Karin Becke, Gregor Badelt, Klaus Leimkühler, Nils Dennhardt
Background Due to possible serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs), the use of metamizole for postoperative pain therapy in infants is a subject of debate. Safety studies with large sample sizes are missing. Aim This prospective multicenter observational study was conducted to evaluate the use of metamizole in infants younger than 1 year undergoing surgery with a particular focus on possible serious ADRs (e.g., hemodynamic, anaphylactic or respiratory reactions, and agranulocytosis). Methods Infants aged up to 1 year (American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] I-III) receiving a single dose of metamizole for postoperative pain therapy were enrolled...
September 5, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Robert Sümpelmann, Karin Becke, Christoph Eich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Teal S Eich, David Parker, Dan Liu, Hwamee Oh, Qolamreza Razlighi, Yunglin Gazes, Christian Habeck, Yaakov Stern
Alternating between completing two simple tasks, as opposed to completing only one task, has been shown to produce costs to performance and changes to neural patterns of activity, effects which are augmented in old age. Cognitive conflict may arise from factors other than switching tasks, however. Sensorimotor congruency (whether stimulus-response mappings are the same or different for the two tasks) has been shown to behaviorally moderate switch costs in older, but not younger adults. In the current study, we used fMRI to investigate the neurobiological mechanisms of response-conflict congruency effects within a task switching paradigm in older (N=75) and younger (N=62) adults...
August 9, 2016: Neuropsychologia
F G Eich, Federica Agostini
We propose a procedure to analyze the relation between the exact factorization of the electron-nuclear wave function and the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. We define the adiabatic limit as the limit of infinite nuclear mass. To this end, we introduce a unit system that singles out the dependence on the electron-nuclear mass ratio of each term appearing in the equations of the exact factorization. We observe how non-adiabatic effects induced by the coupling to the nuclear motion affect electronic properties and we analyze the leading term, connecting it to the classical nuclear momentum...
August 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Kunimoto Ichikawa, Yoko Edahiro, Akihiko Gotoh, Kazuhide Iiduka, Norio Komatsu, Michiaki Koike
Early intracranial hemorrhage (eICH) is a potentially fatal complication of acute leukemia. We analyzed risk factors for eICH in patients with de novo acute leukemia. Ninety-one de novo acute leukemia patients at our institution between September 2003 and June 2014 were included. Of the 91 patients, eight (8.8 %) and 83 were included in the eICH and non-eICH groups, respectively. Univariate analysis demonstrated that white blood cell (WBC) count (P = 0.018), fibrin-fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) level (P = 0...
July 25, 2016: International Journal of Hematology
Liwia Rajpert, Boris A Kolvenbach, Erik M Ammann, Kerstin Hockmann, Maarten Nachtegaal, Elisabeth Eiche, Andreas Schäffer, Philippe Francois Xavier Corvini, Aleksandra Skłodowska, Markus Lenz
Concentrations of soil arsenic (As) in the vicinity of the former Złoty Stok gold mine (Lower Silesia, southwest Poland) exceed 1000 μg g(-1) in the area, posing an inherent threat to neighboring bodies of water. This study investigated continuous As mobilization under reducing conditions for more than 3 months. In particular, the capacity of autochthonic microflora that live on natural organic matter as the sole carbon/electron source for mobilizing As was assessed. A biphasic mobilization of As was observed...
September 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Mohamed Hazman, Bettina Hause, Elisabeth Eiche, Michael Riemann, Peter Nick
Drought, salinity and alkalinity are distinct forms of osmotic stress with serious impacts on rice productivity. We investigated, for a salt-sensitive rice cultivar, the response to osmotically equivalent doses of these stresses. Drought, experimentally mimicked by mannitol (single factor: osmotic stress), salinity (two factors: osmotic stress and ion toxicity), and alkalinity (three factors: osmotic stress, ion toxicity, and depletion of nutrients and protons) produced different profiles of adaptive and damage responses, both locally (in the root) as well as systemically (in the shoot)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
Qolamreza R Razlighi, Hwamee Oh, Christian Habeck, Deirdre O'Shea, Elaine Gazes, Teal Eich, David B Parker, Seonjoo Lee, Yaakov Stern
Although the brain/behavior correlation is one of the premises of cognitive neuroscience, there is still no consensus about the relationship between brain measures and cognitive function, and only little is known about the effect of age on this relationship. We investigated the age-associated variations on the spatial patterns of cortical thickness correlates of four cognitive domains. We showed that the spatial distribution of the cortical thickness correlates of each cognitive domain is distinctive and depicts varying age-association differences across the adult lifespan...
July 19, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
Michael Liebrenz, Carl Erik Fisher, Romilda Nellen, Anja Frei, Anne-Catherine Biechl, Nina Hiestand, Alice Huber, Anna Buadze, Dominique Eich
BACKGROUND: Nicotine use has been reported to ameliorate symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Furthermore, adults with ADHD have a relatively high prevalence of cigarette smoking and greater difficulty abstaining from smoking. Overall, though, there is scant literature investigating the beliefs, perceptions and experiences of smokers with ADHD regarding smoking cessation and withdrawal. METHODS: Our participants (n = 20) fulfilling criteria for ADHD and a past or current dependence from nicotine were recruited from the in- and outpatient clinic of the Zurich University Psychiatric Hospital and the Psychiatric Services Aargau (Switzerland)...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Omar Habibeh, Khaled Elsayad, Jan Kriz, Uwe Haverkamp, Hans Theodor Eich
BACKGROUND: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are aggressive malignancies which represent one of the major post-transplant complications. However, treatment options vary significantly and localized disease may be curatively treated with radiotherapy (RT) or surgery. We report a case of recurrent rectal PTLD, which was successfully treated by chemoimmunotherapy followed by RT. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a patient who developed a rectal lymphoproliferative lesion 11 years after kidney transplant, which was successfully treated with consolidative RT using 25...
June 22, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
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