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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790889/the-calcineurin-binding-activity-dependent-splice-variant-dynamin1xb-is-highly-enriched-in-synapses-in-various-regions-of-the-central-nervous-system
#1
Marie-Lisa Eich, Ekta Dembla, Silke Wahl, Mayur Dembla, Karin Schwarz, Frank Schmitz
In the present study, we generated and characterized a splice site-specific monoclonal antibody that selectively detects the calcineurin-binding dynamin1 splice variant dynamin1xb. Calcineurin is a Ca(2+)-regulated phosphatase that enhances dynamin1 activity and is an important Ca(2+)-sensing mediator of homeostatic synaptic plasticity in neurons. Using this dynamin1xb-specific antibody, we found dynamin1xb highly enriched in synapses of all analyzed brain regions. In photoreceptor ribbon synapses, dynamin1xb was enriched in close vicinity to the synaptic ribbon in a manner indicative of a peri-active zone immunolabeling...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767349/igg-endopeptidase-in-highly-sensitized-patients-undergoing-transplantation
#2
MULTICENTER STUDY
Stanley C Jordan, Tomas Lorant, Jua Choi, Christian Kjellman, Lena Winstedt, Mats Bengtsson, Xiaohai Zhang, Torsten Eich, Mieko Toyoda, Britt-Marie Eriksson, Shili Ge, Alice Peng, Sofia Järnum, Kathryn J Wood, Torbjorn Lundgren, Lars Wennberg, Lars Bäckman, Erik Larsson, Rafael Villicana, Joe Kahwaji, Sabrina Louie, Alexis Kang, Mark Haas, Cynthia Nast, Ashley Vo, Gunnar Tufveson
BACKGROUND: Donor-specific antibodies create an immunologic barrier to transplantation. Current therapies to modify donor-specific antibodies are limited and ineffective in the most highly HLA-sensitized patients. The IgG-degrading enzyme derived from Streptococcus pyogenes (IdeS), an endopeptidase, cleaves human IgG into F(ab')2 and Fc fragments inhibiting complement-dependent cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, which suggests that IdeS might be useful for desensitization...
August 3, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753067/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial-of-cnto-6785-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Andreas Eich, Veronika Urban, Marek Jutel, Jiri Vlcek, Jae Jeong Shim, Vasiliy I Trofimov, Chong-Kin Liam, Ping-Hung Kuo, Yanyan Hou, Jun Xiao, Patrick Branigan, Christopher D O'Brien
Interleukin (IL)-17A may be an underlying factor in the pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Anti-IL-17 monoclonal antibodies have been used successfully in treating several immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. This phase 2, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group, proof-of-concept study is the first clinical study evaluating the efficacy and safety of the anti-IL-17A monoclonal antibody CNTO 6785 in patients with symptomatic moderate-to-severe COPD. Patients were treated with CNTO 6785 (n = 93) or placebo (n = 94) intravenously at Weeks 0, 2, and 4 (induction), then Weeks 8 and 12, and followed till Week 24...
July 28, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734844/tlr3-blockade-in-rhinovirus-induced-experimental-asthma-exacerbations-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Philip E Silkoff, Susan Flavin, Robert Gordon, Mathew J Loza, Peter J Sterk, Rene Lutter, Zuzana Diamant, Ronald B Turner, Brian J Lipworth, David Proud, Dave Singh, Andreas Eich, Vibeke Backer, James E Gern, Christian Herzmann, Scott A Halperin, Tjeert T Mensinga, Alfred M Del Vecchio, Patrick Branigan, Lani San Mateo, Frédéric Baribaud, Elliot S Barnathan, Sebastian L Johnston
BACKGROUND: Human rhinoviruses (HRV) commonly precipitate asthma exacerbations. TLR3, an innate pattern-recognition receptor, is triggered by HRV driving inflammation that may worsen asthma. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an inhibitory monoclonal antibody to TLR3, CNTO3157, on experimental HRV-16 inoculation in healthy and asthmatic subjects. METHODS: In this double-blind multicenter randomized parallel-group study in North America and Europe, healthy and mild-moderate stable asthmatic subjects received single or multiple doses of CNTO 3157 or placebo, respectively, and were then inoculated with HRV-16 within 72 hours...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686030/gate-defined-one-dimensional-channel-and-broken-symmetry-states-in-mos2-van-der-waals-heterostructures
#5
Riccardo Pisoni, Yongjin Lee, Hiske Overweg, Marius Eich, Pauline Simonet, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Roman Gorbachev, Thomas Ihn, Klaus Ensslin
We have realized encapsulated trilayer MoS2 devices with gated graphene contacts. In the bulk, we observe an electron mobility as high as 7000 cm(2)/(V s) at a density of 3 × 10(12) cm(-2) at a temperature of 1.9 K. Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations start at magnetic fields as low as 0.9 T. The observed 3-fold Landau level degeneracy can be understood based on the valley Zeeman effect. Negatively biased split gate electrodes allow us to form a channel that can be completely pinched off for sufficiently large gate voltages...
July 7, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660412/-erratum-to-difficulties-with-children-of-abnormal-weight
#6
S Wirtz, C Eich, K Becke, S Brenner, A Callies, U Harding, C Höhne, F Hoffmann, J Kaufmann, B Landsleitner, H Marung, T Nicolai, F Reifferscheid, U Trappe, P Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656374/-risk-of-heart-failure-in-patients-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-after-radiation-and-anthracycline-chemotherapy
#7
J Kriz, H T Eich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630331/distinguishing-attosecond-electron-electron-scattering-and-screening-in-transition-metals
#8
Cong Chen, Zhensheng Tao, Adra Carr, Piotr Matyba, Tibor Szilvási, Sebastian Emmerich, Martin Piecuch, Mark Keller, Dmitriy Zusin, Steffen Eich, Markus Rollinger, Wenjing You, Stefan Mathias, Uwe Thumm, Manos Mavrikakis, Martin Aeschlimann, Peter M Oppeneer, Henry Kapteyn, Margaret Murnane
Electron-electron interactions are the fastest processes in materials, occurring on femtosecond to attosecond timescales, depending on the electronic band structure of the material and the excitation energy. Such interactions can play a dominant role in light-induced processes such as nano-enhanced plasmonics and catalysis, light harvesting, or phase transitions. However, to date it has not been possible to experimentally distinguish fundamental electron interactions such as scattering and screening. Here, we use sequences of attosecond pulses to directly measure electron-electron interactions in different bands of different materials with both simple and complex Fermi surfaces...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624137/effect-of-tlr-ligands-co-encapsulated-with-multiepitopic-antigen-in-nanoliposomes-targeted-to-human-dcs-via-fc-receptor-for-cancer-vaccines
#9
Felix Rueda, Christina Eich, Begoña Cordobilla, Pere Domingo, Gerardo Acosta, Fernando Albericio, Luis J Cruz, Joan C Domingo
Nanoliposomes (NLs) hold promise as new highly specific nanomedicine for anti-tumor vaccines, since they could be targeted to specific receptors on dendritic cell (DC) to induce maturation and activation and increase the anti-tumor immune response. Here we studied a NLs formulation targeted or not to FcR (the receptor for the IgG Fc fragment) for the treatment of androgen-responsive prostate cancer. Luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) peptide (B- and T-cell epitopes), in tandem with a tetanus toxoid T-helper epitope (830-844 region) and several TLR (Toll-Like Receptor) ligands as adjuvants were co-encapsulated...
June 10, 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599339/-shared-decision-making-sdm-patient-and-physician-as-a-team
#10
C Bieber, K Gschwendtner, N Müller, W Eich
The article provides an overview on Shared Decision Making (SDM), which is considered as the ideal form of physician-patient-interaction by many stakeholders of the health care system. SDM is distinguished from other models of physician-patient-interaction such as the paternalistic model and the information model. Besides the degree of acceptance of SDM in the general population and among physicians, barriers for its implementation will be reported. Indications for SDM as well as strategies and support material for its use in individual consultations will be discussed and illustrated by an oncological case study...
June 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597078/spectrum-of-genetic-mutations-in-de-novo-punlmp-of-the-urinary-bladder
#11
Maria Del Carmen Rodriguez Pena, Aline C Tregnago, Marie-Lisa Eich, Simeon Springer, Yuxuan Wang, Diana Taheri, Dilek Ertoy, Kazutoshi Fujita, Stephania M Bezerra, Isabela W Cunha, Maria Rosaria Raspollini, Lijia Yu, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Nickolas Papadopoulos, Kenneth W Kinzler, Bert Vogelstein, George J Netto
Our group and others have previously demonstrated the presence of TERT promoter mutations (TERT-mut) in 60-80% of urothelial carcinomas and some of their histologic variants. Five other genes have been frequently implicated in bladder cancer: FGRF3, TP53, PIK3CA, HRAS, and CDKN2A. In the current study, we sought to determine the prevalence of mutations in TERT and these five other genes in de novo papillary urothelial neoplasms of low malignant potential (PUNLMP) of the urinary bladder. A retrospective search of our archives for PUNLMP was performed and 30 de novo cases were identified and included in the study...
June 8, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586378/quantification-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-and-hla-dr-nk-cells-does-not-predict-emergence-of-new-contrast-enhancing-lesions-in-ms-patients-suspending-natalizumab-treatment
#12
Mindaugas Paužuolis, Torsten Eich, Joachim Burman
BACKGROUND: Natalizumab (NTZ) is a drug that has been widely used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). NTZ is very effective in suppressing inflammation, but if treatment is suspended many patients will experience relapses. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if quantification of γδ T cells and HLA-DR+ NK cells could predict early disease reactivation after NTZ suspension. METHODS: Absolute counts of γδ T cells and HLA-DR+ NK cells in whole blood were determined with flow cytometry in fifteen patients treated with NTZ...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567503/planning-benchmark-study-for-sbrt-of-early-stage-nsclc-results-of-the-degro-working-group-stereotactic-radiotherapy
#13
Christos Moustakis, Oliver Blanck, Fatemeh Ebrahimi Tazehmahalleh, Mark Ka Heng Chan, Iris Ernst, Thomas Krieger, Marciana-Nona Duma, Markus Oechsner, Ute Ganswindt, Christian Heinz, Horst Alheit, Hilbert Blank, Ursula Nestle, Rolf Wiehle, Christine Kornhuber, Christian Ostheimer, Cordula Petersen, Gerhard Pollul, Wolfgang Baus, Georg Altenstein, Eric Beckers, Katrin Jurianz, Florian Sterzing, Matthias Kretschmer, Heinrich Seegenschmiedt, Torsten Maass, Stefan Droege, Ulrich Wolf, Juergen Schoeffler, Uwe Haverkamp, Hans Theodor Eich, Matthias Guckenberger
PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) treatment planning variability for early stage nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with respect to the published guidelines of the Stereotactic Radiotherapy Working Group of the German Society for Radiation Oncology (DEGRO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Planning computed tomography (CT) scan and the structure sets (planning target volume, PTV; organs at risk, OARs) of 3 patients with early stage NSCLC were sent to 22 radiotherapy departments with SBRT experience: each department was asked to prepare a treatment plan according to the DEGRO guidelines...
May 31, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546055/the-long-way-of-implementing-patient-centered-care-and-shared-decision-making-in-germany
#14
Martin Härter, Jörg Dirmaier, Isabelle Scholl, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff, Marie-Luise Dierks, Wolfgang Eich, Hardy Müller, David Klemperer, Klaus Koch, Christiane Bieber
The main focus of the paper is on the description of the development and current state of research and implementation of patient-centered care (PCC) and shared decision-making (SDM) after fifteen years of substantial advances in health policy and health services research. What is the current state of SDM in health policy? The "Law on Patients' Rights" from 2013 standardizes all rights and responsibilities within the framework of medical treatment for German citizens and legal residents. This comprises the right to informed decisions, comprehensive and comprehensible information for patients, and decisions based on a clinician-patient-partnership...
May 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514255/a-conceptual-framework-for-updating-the-definition-of-pain
#15
LETTER
Jonas Tesarz, Wolfgang Eich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455650/-use-of-cognitive-aids-in-pediatric-emergency-care-interdisciplinary-consensus-statement
#16
REVIEW
S Wirtz, C Eich, K Becke, S Brenner, A Callies, U Harding, C Höhne, F Hoffmann, J Kaufmann, B Landsleitner, H Marung, T Nicolai, F Reifferscheid, U Trappe, P Jung
Preclinical pediatric emergencies are rare events and are therefore often associated with stress and uncertainty for emergency medical service personnel. To ensure adequate treatment of pediatric patients a variety of different cognitive aids exist (e.g. books, apps, rulers, weight-adapted bag systems). Especially the size specifications of the medical equipment and the dosage of emergency medication are individually very different in children and are dependent on parameters, such as body height and weight...
April 28, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448985/total-skin-electron-beam-therapy-as-part-of-multimodal-treatment-strategies-for-primary-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma
#17
Khaled Elsayad, Katharina H Susek, Hans T Eich
Total-skin electron beam therapy (TSEBT) is one of most effective treatments that has been used for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Low-dose TSEBT regimens (10-12 Gy) appear to be an effective alternative to conventional-dose TSEBT (30-36 Gy), yielding short-term remission of cutaneous manifestations with minimal toxicity. TSEBT can be administered to patients any time after a diagnosis of mycosis fungoides (MF). Patients requiring rapid relief from cutaneous lesions or symptoms may particularly benefit from TSEBT as an initial therapy...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444430/successful-treatment-of-a%C3%A2-rare-case-of-ameloblastic-fibrosarcoma-with-radiation-therapy
#18
Michael Oertel, Gabriele Reinartz, Sergiu Scobioala, Hans Theodor Eich
Sarcomas are rare diseases of the head and neck region, representing around 1% of all malignancies. Amongst them, ameloblastic fibrosarcoma (AFS) is of even greater rarity, with less than 100 cases reported in the literature. Consequently, no standard treatment or guidelines have been made available. Surgery is often performed as primary therapy, but may be limited due to anatomical or functional reasons. We present a case of AFS successfully treated by postoperative radiation therapy. A detailed case study is provided, followed by a review of the English-language literature focusing on the role of radiation therapy...
August 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429075/toward-personalized-management-in-bladder-cancer-the-promise-of-novel-molecular-taxonomy
#19
REVIEW
Marie-Lisa Eich, Lars Dyrskjøt, George J Netto
Empowered by the recent advances in next generation sequencing and bioinformatics technology, an unprecedented wave of integrated transcriptomic and genomic studies have impacted the field of bladder cancer. These studies not only have confirmed previously charted genetic pathways in bladder cancer development but also have led to the discovery of numerous additional crucial driver genetic alterations. As a result, a novel genomic-based taxonomy is emerging that promises to better define clinically relevant intrinsic subtypes of bladder cancer...
April 21, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422527/attitudes-toward-stimulant-treatment-of-offspring-of-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Carlos Canela, Anna Buadze, Anish Dube, Dominique Eich, Michael Liebrenz
AIM: The objective of this study was to investigate how adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder viewed the testing and use of stimulants in their children. METHODS: Using a qualitative approach, we interviewed 32 outpatients from a special care unit of a university hospital. RESULTS: Emerging themes centered around concerns about the right age to test children and opinions about stimulant treatment ranging from unreserved agreement to reluctance, as well as the need for a shared decision with the child...
June 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
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