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Leslie Pertz, Missy Plegue, Kathleen Diehl, Philip Zazove, Michael McKee
Deaf individuals struggle with accessing mental health services because of language and cultural discordance. Our project's purpose was to design and pilot an accessible, integrated mental health program for the Deaf population, scalable for other health centers interested in serving these individuals. Our team addressed several identified barriers to care. The addition of a language-concordant mental health clinician and telemental health appointments helped us better manage Deaf patients' mental health needs...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Simon R Knowles, Lesley A Graff, Helen Wilding, Catherine Hewitt, Laurie Keefer, Antonina Mikocka-Walus
Background: Quality of life (QoL) is commonly assessed in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); the relationship of QoL within IBD states and relative to others has not been comprehensively evaluated. This systematic review, published across 2 papers, evaluates 5 key QoL comparisons. Part I, presented here, examines between-disease comparisons: (1) IBD/healthy(general) population and (2) IBD/other medically ill groups. Part II examines within-disease comparisons: (3) active/inactive disease, (4) ulcerative colitis/Crohn's disease, and (5) change over time...
March 19, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Marie-Charlotte Gandolphe, Bérénice Lecluyse, Claire Triquet, Emmanuel Brunelle, Jean-Paul Duparcq, Jean-Louis Nandrino
OBJECTIVES: Impairments in social cognition have been described as playing a major role in the maintenance of addictive behavior in substance abusers. This study aimed to investigate the Theory of Mind (ToM) ability of opiate-dependent (OD) patients and to explore whether TOM ability was correlated with length of substance abuse, age at onset of substance abuse and length of abstinence. METHODS: OD patients (N = 29) and non-dependent individuals (NDI) (N = 29) were submitted to the Theory of Mind Assessment Scale (Th...
March 12, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Henry L Nguyen, George F Bonadurer, Megha M Tollefson
Importance: Patients with vascular malformations (VAMs) and vascular overgrowth syndromes have lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) attributable to social stigmatization, poor mental health, severity, and pain. However, the factors that contribute to this decreased HRQoL are not clear. Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that used validated HRQoL instruments to compare the HRQoL of persons with VAMs with the US general population...
March 21, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Wanda Cristina Sawicki, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa, Dayana Souza Fram, Angélica Gonçalves Silva Belasco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate nursing university students' alcohol consumption patterns, Brief Intervention and Quality of Life (QoL). METHOD: This is a prospective and longitudinal study containing sociodemographic, economic information concerning alcoholic beverages, BI and QoL evaluation among 281 nursing university students. Since surveys have been applied, seminars have been given and consumption patterns have been discussed, an educational material was delivered after university students' revaluation and BI reinforcement...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Selen Ozakar Akca, Ozgur Yuncu, Zehra Aydin
OBJECTIVE: The most important determinant of suicide ideation, tendency and initiative is the presence of mental disorders. Since the number of those who lost their lives due to suicide in the world rose rapidly among the young population, the World Health Organization emphasizes the importance of assessing young people in the high-risk age group to prevent suicidal behavior. This study aimed to determine psychological symptom levels and suicide probability in young people. METHOD: The cross-sectional research consisted of 15-24 year-old individuals (N=348), who have sought a psychiatric clinic between February and June, 2015...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Elia Psouni, Raquel Perez Vicente, Lars B Dahlin, Juan Merlo
Chronic handicap in early life may have a long-term impact on children's psychosocial well-being. Here, we investigated whether Brachialis Plexus Birth Injury (BPBI)-an unpredictable injury at birth-is associated with worse mental health later on, as indicated by prescription and use of psychotropic drugs in adolescence. We explored further whether this association is different depending on socioeconomic characteristics of the child's family, as well as sex. Of the 641 151 children born to native parents in Sweden 1987-1993 (alive and still living in Sweden at the end of 2008), identified in the Swedish Medical Birth Registry, 1587 had suffered a BPBI...
2018: PloS One
John G Gunderson, Alan Fruzzetti, Brandon Unruh, Lois Choi-Kain
The authors review four theories that propose different conceptualizations of borderline personality disorder's (BPD) core psychopathology: excess aggression, emotional dysregulation, failed mentalization, and interpersonal hypersensitivity. The theories are compared in their ability to explain BPD's coaggregation of four usually distinct sectors of psychopathology, their high overlap with other disorders, their ability to distinguish BPD from other disorders, their integration of heritability, and their clinical applicability...
April 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
Alison Kaye, Sandra Lybrand, William L Chew
OBJECTIVE: To determine family-reported psychosocial stressors and social worker assessments and interventions within a comprehensive cleft team. DESIGN: Single-institution prospective provider-completed survey. PATIENTS: Four hundred one families seen by cleft team social worker over a 7-month period. RESULTS: Most families (n = 331; 83%) participated in the team social work assessment. At least 1 active psychosocial stressor was reported by 238 (72%) families, with 63 (19%) families reported 3 or more stressors...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
John Tingle
John Tingle discusses the latest Care Quality Commission annual report on how health services in England are applying the Mental Health Act 1983, which reveals with some worrying findings.
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Sam Foster
Sam Foster, Chief Nurse, Oxford University Hospitals, reflects on how nurses' mental health problems are viewed by colleagues and responded to by the NHS and nursing's regulatory body.
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Loïck Locatelli, Alain Golay
Psychotropic drugs can induce weight gain and a metabolic syndrome, reducing the quality of life and the life expectancy of patients. Weight gain is also responsible for poor adherence to treatment and therefore relapses of mental illness. This weight gain and the metabolic syndrome are insufficiently treated for obese patients with mental disorders. Recommendations exist.
March 21, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Shengtao Jin, Yanan Zhao, Yinghong Jiang, Yanyu Wang, Changjiang Li, Deli Zhang, Bo Lian, Zhongde Du, Hongwei Sun, Lin Sun
Maternal separation (MS) plays a central role in developing physiology and psychology during the individual ontogeny process. MS is used to research the neurobiological mechanisms of mental disorders and early life stress. In this study, we investigated the effects of repeated MS and early handling (EH) on locomotor activity in an open-field test, a light-dark box test and an elevated plus-maze test of adolescent rats. The results showed that MS reduced locomotor activities in the open-field test, and increased anxiety-like behaviours in the light-dark box test and the elevated plus-maze test in adolescent rats...
March 20, 2018: Neuroreport
Marzieh Salehi Fadardi, Larry Allen Abel
SIGNIFICANCE: This study compares saccades and visual task performance in patients with infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) with that in normally sighted individuals under mental load. The results highlighted that to more completely evaluate INS therapies recognition time should also be measured with mental load, resembling real-world conditions. PURPOSE: Patients with INS may complain of "being slow to see." Stress is reported to worsen nystagmus and to prolong visual recognition time...
March 21, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Yan Tan, Yunming Li, Juan Wu, Fuqin Chen, Hao Lu, Shijun Lu, Xianjun Yang, Xiao Ma
This study investigated the mental health of military transport personnel in the Western Sichuan Plateau of China, and factors that correlate with their mental health.The Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) was used to investigate the mental health status of the subjects. Their scores were compared with the national and military norm in China. Demographic factors were analyzed for associations with SCL-90 scores.Psychological problems were detected in 28.90% of total 1076 male officers and soldiers surveyed. The SCL-90 scale somatization score of these servicemen was higher than the national and military norms in China, while other scores were comparable...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xia Liao, Cuiping Mao, Yuan Wang, Qingfeng Zhang, Dongyuan Cao, David A Seminowicz, Ming Zhang, Xiaoli Yang
Altered cerebral gray matter volume (GMV) is commonly found in patients with chronic pain. Chronic pain is the prominent characteristic of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), yet little is known about its morphological changes in the brain. Here an MRI study was performed to examine the structural brain abnormalities in 30 KOA patients with knee pain and age-matched healthy subjects. We detected that the patients exhibited significant almost 2-fold age-related decreases of GMV compared to healthy controls. Moreover, KOA patients also had significant loss of regional GMV including in the bilateral orbital frontal cortex (OFC), the right lateral prefrontal cortex (lPFC), and precentral and postcentral cortices...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Naama Gershy, Sarah A O Gray
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the role of parental emotion regulation (ER) and parental mentalization as possible contributors to hostile and coercive parenting in families of children with ADHD. METHOD: Seventy-four Israeli families (64 mothers and 48 fathers) seeking parent training for child ADHD completed measures during the intake session. Measures included parental ER; parental mentalization; hostile, coercive, and submissive parenting; and child symptoms...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
Mahdi Afshari, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Saeed Barzegari, Ehsan Abedini, Seyedeh Sakineh Salimi
PURPOSE: Visual impairment is responsible for medical, mental, and socio-economic problems. Several studies have investigated the prevalence of blindness and low vision in different parts of Iran. This study aims to estimate the pooled results of these studies to estimate the total prevalence of this problem in Iran. METHODS: National and international databases were searched using specific keywords. The selected primary studies were quality assessed using STROBE checklist...
March 21, 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Wolf Osterode, Sandra Schranz, Galateja Jordakieva
Mental and physical stress is common in physicians during night shifts. Neurocognitive effects of sleep deprivation as well as alterations in hormonal and metabolic parameters have previously been described. The aim of this crossover study was to evaluate the effects of night-shift work with partial sleep deprivation on steroid hormone excretion and possible associations with mood, sleep characteristics and cognitive functions in physicians. In total, 34 physicians (mean age 42 ± 8.5 years, 76.5% male) from different departments of the General Hospital of Vienna, Austria, were randomly assigned to two conditions: a regular day shift (8 h on duty, condition 1) and a continuous day-night shift (24 h on duty, condition 2)...
March 21, 2018: Chronobiology International
Stelliana Goutzamanis, Peter Higgs, Mike Richardson, Sarah MacLean
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Indigenous people seeking residential alcohol and other drug (AOD) rehabilitation in Victoria are most frequently referred to the Ngwala Willumbong Co-operative (Ngwala). This study aimed to describe socio-demographic changes in clients of Ngwala's residential rehabilitation services between 2015 and 2016. DESIGN AND METHODS: Self-assessment surveys completed upon screening for rehabilitation between May 2015 and November 2016 (n = 117) were analysed for socio-demographic data, AOD use and mental health status...
March 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
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