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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351624/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-associated-with-work-place-bullying
#1
Halla Malik, Nadarajah Kangaharan, Ian Agahari
Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a condition of transient left ventricular dysfunction precipitated by acute physical or emotional stress. The pathogenesis of TC is not well understood, but it is known to predominantly affect postmenopausal women in the context of physical or emotional triggers. Aims: To describe a case of TC with an association to a never previously described work place stressor of bullying. Case Report: A 48-year-old female lawyer developed acute chest pain after experiencing significant emotional distress at a workplace meeting...
January 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#2
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351310/healthy-ageing-at-work-efficacy-of-group-interventions-on-the-mental-health-of-nurses-aged-45-and-older-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Imad Maatouk, Andreas Müller, Peter Angerer, Renate Schmook, Christoph Nikendei, Kirsten Herbst, Melanie Gantner, Wolfgang Herzog, Harald Gündel
OBJECTIVE: This multicentre, randomised controlled trial (RCT) aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a small-group intervention promoting successful ageing at work in older nurses (aged ≥45). METHOD: A sample of 115 nurses aged ≥45 from 4 trial sites in Germany were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (IG), that received a small-group intervention of seven weekly sessions of 120 min with a booster session after six weeks or to a wait-list control condition (WLC)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351245/exposure-to-ambient-air-particles-increases-the-risk-of-mental-disorder-findings-from-a-natural-experiment-in-beijing
#4
Zhen Jia, Yongjie Wei, Xiaoqian Li, Lixin Yang, Huijie Liu, Chen Guo, Lulu Zhang, Nannan Li, Shaojuan Guo, Yan Qian, Zhigang Li
Epidemiology studies indicated that air pollution has been associated with adverse neurological effects in human. Moreover, the secretion of glucocorticoid (GC) affects the mood regulation, and the negative feedback of hippocampal glucocorticoid receptors (GR) inhibits the GC secretion. Meanwhile, the over secretion of GC can interfere the immune system and induce neurotoxicity. In the present study, the human test showed that the secretion of the cortisol in plasma was elevated after exposure in heavy air pollution...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351244/school-contextual-features-of-social-disorder-and-mental-health-complaints-a-multilevel-analysis-of-swedish-sixth-grade-students
#5
Bitte Modin, Stephanie Plenty, Sara B Låftman, Malin Bergström, Marie Berlin, Per A Gustafsson, Anders Hjern
This study addressed school-contextual features of social disorder in relation to sixth-grade students' experiences of bullying victimization and mental health complaints. It investigated, firstly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems were associated with individual students' likelihood of being bullied, and secondly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems and bullying victimization predicted students' emotional and psychosomatic health complaints. The data were derived from the Swedish National Survey of Mental Health among Children and Young People, carried out among sixth-grade students (approximately 12-13 years old) in Sweden in 2009...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351222/association-between-work-related-stress-and-health-related-quality-of-life-the-impact-of-socio-demographic-variables-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-region-of-central-italy
#6
Giuseppe La Torre, Cristina Sestili, Alice Mannocci, Alessandra Sinopoli, Massimiliano De Paolis, Sara De Francesco, Laura Rapaccini, Marco Barone, Valentina Iodice, Bruno Lojodice, Sabina Sernia, Simone De Sio, Angela Del Cimmuto, Maria De Giusti
The aim of this work is investigate relationship between health-related quality of life and work-related stress and the impact of gender, education level, and age on this relationship. A cross-sectional study was conducted among workers of various setting in Rome and Frosinone. Work-related stress was measured with a demand-control questionnaire and health-related functioning by SF (short form)-12 health survey. There were 611 participants. Men reported high mental composite summary (MCS) and physical composite summary (PCS)...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351154/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-compared-with-healthy-individuals
#7
Raymond Addante, Bruce Naliboff, Wendy Shih, Angela P Presson, Kirsten Tillisch, Emeran A Mayer, Lin Chang
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) reduces health-related quality of life (HRQOL). It is unclear how having IBS modifies the impact of gastrointestinal (GI), psychosocial, and somatic symptom variables on HRQOL compared with healthy controls (HCs). AIMS: (1) Determine psychosocial, somatic, and physical status variables most predictive of HRQOL in IBS and HCs and (2) determine if IBS status modifies relationships between predictive factors and HRQOL. METHODS: IBS patients and HCs completed validated questionnaires measuring GI symptoms, psychosocial/somatic variables, and physical [physical component score (PCS)] and mental [mental component score (MCS)] HRQOL via the Short-Form-36...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351116/treatment-of-postpartum-depression-recommendations-for-the-clinician
#8
Michael W O'Hara, Jane Engeldinger
Postpartum depression is a significant public health problem affecting almost 600,000 US women every year. It may arise de novo in the postpartum period or continue from pregnancy. A number of evidence-based psychotherapies and medical treatments exist for major depression and postpartum depression. The obstetrical team has many opportunities to identify high risk and depressed women and refer them to mental health professionals or begin treatment with antidepressant medication. Careful assessment of risk factors for postpartum depression during pregnancy and monitoring depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the postpartum period will lead to better outcomes for women and their families...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351031/strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-sdq-informant-agreement-between-children-born-with-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-and-their-parents
#9
Susanna Memmen Bjerke, Kristin Billaud Feragen, Svein Bergvik
OBJECTIVE: Informant discrepancies on psychological measures may affect the assessment, classification, and treatment of children's mental health. Concordance between different informants has been shown to be low to moderately correlated. The present study examined the agreement between children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) and their parents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from 7 consecutive birth cohorts based on routine psychological assessments at age 10 with comparisons to national reference groups...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350997/realizing-the-mass-public-benefit-of-evidence-based-psychological-therapies-the-iapt-program
#10
David M Clark
Empirically supported psychological therapies have been developed for many mental health conditions. However, in most countries only a small proportion of the public benefit from these advances. The English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) program aims to bridge the gap between research and practice by training over 10,500 new psychological therapists in empirically supported treatments and deploying them in new services for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Currently IAPT treats over 560,000 patients per year, obtains clinical outcome data on 98...
January 19, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350832/the-developmental-trinity-of-mind-cognizance-executive-control-and-reasoning
#11
REVIEW
Andreas Demetriou, Nikolaos Makris, Smaragda Kazi, George Spanoudis, Michael Shayer
This paper summarizes research on how cognizance, that is, awareness of mental processes, interacts with executive control and reasoning from childhood to adolescence. Central positions are that (a) cognizance changes extensively with age; (b) it contributes to the formation of executive control, and (c) mediates between executive control and reasoning. Cognizance recycles with changes in executive and inferential possibilities in four developmental cycles: it registers their present state, yielding insight into their operation, allowing their better management; this catalyzes their transformation into the next level...
January 19, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350662/high-protein-intake-in-human-maternal-milk-fortification-for-%C3%A2-1250-gr-infants-intrahospital-growth-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-two-years
#12
Augusto Biasini, Fiorella Monti, Maria Chiara Laguardia, Marcello Stella, Lucia Marvulli, Erica Neri
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Extrauterine growth restriction and failure to thrive remain a major problem in Extremely Low Birth Weight infants. Nutritional support in preterm babies has the objective to improve the achieve rate of growth similar to those of the fetus in utero at the equivalent gestational age. The aim of the study was to evaluate feeding tolerance, intrahospital growth, neurological outcome and anthropometric data until 24 months of corrected age (mca) from different protein intake assumed by preterm babies <1250 g during their stay in NICU...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350573/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-screening-for-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-prenatal-care
#13
Tracy Flanagan, Amy Alabaster, Brigid McCaw, Nicole Stoller, Carey Watson, Kelly C Young-Wolff
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are common among pregnant women and contribute to increased risk for negative perinatal outcomes, yet few clinicians screen prenatal patients for ACEs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of screening for ACEs in standard prenatal care. METHODS: We evaluated a 4-month pilot (March 2016-June 2016) to screen pregnant women (at ∼14-23 weeks of gestation) for ACEs and resiliency in two Kaiser Permanente Northern California medical centers (N = 480)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350344/the-relationship-between-exercise-dose-and-health-related-quality-of-life-with-a-phase-iii-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#14
Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, Stacey Reading, Paul Nolan, Lance C Dalleck
PURPOSE: To quantify the relationship between the change in exercise dose and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a cohort of patients participating in a community-based phase-3 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. METHODS: A retrospective, pre-experimental (no control group) design of 58 participants that completed a phase-3, 12-week exercise-based CR program was used to test the current hypothesis. Self-reported HRQoL (36-Item Short Form Health Survey Version 2, SF-36v2) was assessed prior and after completing the CR program...
January 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350124/a-dimensional-approach-to-assessing-psychiatric-risk-in-adults-born-very-preterm
#15
Jasmin Kroll, Sean Froudist-Walsh, Philip J Brittain, Chieh-En J Tseng, Vyacheslav Karolis, Robin M Murray, Chiara Nosarti
BACKGROUND: Individuals who were born very preterm have higher rates of psychiatric diagnoses compared with term-born controls; however, it remains unclear whether they also display increased sub-clinical psychiatric symptomatology. Hence, our objective was to utilize a dimensional approach to assess psychiatric symptomatology in adult life following very preterm birth. METHODS: We studied 152 adults who were born very preterm (before 33 weeks' gestation; gestational range 24-32 weeks) and 96 term-born controls...
January 19, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350085/divergent-classification-methods-of-post-concussion-syndrome-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-prevalence-rates-risk-factors-and-functional-outcome
#16
Daphne Cloë Voormolen, Maryse C Cnossen, Suzanne Polinder, Nicole von Steinbuechel, Pieter E Vos, Juanita Antje Haagsma
Mild Traumatic Brian Injury (mTBI) is a common diagnosis and approximately one third of mTBI patients experience a variety of cognitive, emotional, psychosocial and behavioral post-concussion symptoms. When a cluster of these symptoms persists for more than three months they are often classified as post-concussion syndrome (PCS). The objective of this study was to determine prevalence rates, risk factors and functional outcome associated with PCS six months after mTBI applying divergent classification methods...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350073/in-their-own-words-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-research-on-the-experiences-of-adults-seeking-asylum-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-findings-in-forced-migration
#17
Thomas Hoare, Andrew Vidgen, Neil Roberts
Quantitative research indicates that some forced migrants have mental health needs. Asylum seekers are a group of forced migrants applying for asylum status in a host country, and are often subject to rights restrictions and threat of deportation, though little is known about subjective experiences of the asylum journey and process of claiming asylum. The current paper therefore describes a systematic review of the qualitative literature, examining asylum seekers experiences of asylum journey, from country of origin, to arrival and adaptation to host countries...
December 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349929/severity-of-cognitive-disability-and-mental-health-court-determinations-about-fitness-to-stand-trial
#18
J T Young, F J Davis, S Wardale, M Vassos, K van Dooren, K Nankervis, N G Lennox
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the socio-demographic, clinical and legal determinants of mental health court decisions of unsoundness of mind and unfitness to stand trial for people with cognitive disability. We aimed to estimate the association between severity of cognitive disability and mental health court determinations of unsoundness or unfitness and describe the socio-demographic, clinical and legal factors that predict these determinations. METHODS: Case file data were extracted on 92 individuals who had a criminal case referred to the Queensland Mental Health Court between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2014 due to cognitive disability...
February 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349855/understanding-remote-aboriginal-drug-and-alcohol-residential-rehabilitation-clients-who-attends-who-leaves-and-who-stays
#19
Alice Munro, Anthony Shakeshaft, Courtney Breen, Philip Clare, Julaine Allan, Norm Henderson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Aboriginal residential rehabilitation services provide healing for Aboriginal people who misuse substances. There is limited available research that empirically describes client characteristics of these services. This study examined 5 years of data of a remote Aboriginal residential rehabilitation service. DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 329 client admissions to Orana Haven Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation Centre from 2011 to 2016...
January 18, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349844/exploration-of-joint-working-practices-on-anti-social-behaviour-between-criminal-justice-mental-health-and-social-care-agencies-a-qualitative-study
#20
Anne Krayer, Catherine A Robinson, Rob Poole
Although the police play an important role for people with mental health problems in the community, little is known about joint working practices between mental health, social care and police services. There is potential for tensions and negative outcomes for people with mental health problems, in particular when the focus is on behaviours that could be interpreted as anti-social. This study explores perceptions about joint working between mental health, social care and police services with regard to anti-social behaviour...
January 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
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