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Qualitative research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647727/patients-as-partners-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-a-qualitative-patient-led-study
#1
Chelsia Gillis, Marlyn Gill, Nancy Marlett, Gail MacKean, Kathy GermAnn, Loreen Gilmour, Gregg Nelson, Tracy Wasylak, Susan Nguyen, Edamil Araujo, Sandra Zelinsky, Leah Gramlich
OBJECTIVES: Explore the experience of patients undergoing colorectal surgery within an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programme. Use these experiential data to inform the development of a framework to support ongoing, meaningful patient engagement in ERAS. DESIGN: Qualitative patient-led study using focus groups and narrative interviews. Data were analysed iteratively using a Participatory Grounded Theory approach. SETTING: Five tertiary care centres in Alberta, Canada, following the ERAS programme...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647721/effects-of-a-peer-support-programme-for-youth-social-services-employees-experiencing-potentially-traumatic-events-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Stephane Guay, Nicole Tremblay, Jane Goncalves, Henriette Bilodeau, Steve Geoffrion
INTRODUCTION: The use of peer support programmes to help workers experiencing potentially traumatic events (PTE) has increased in high-risk organisations in the last decades. However, the scientific evidence of its effectiveness is still very limited. This paper aims to describe the protocol of a prospective cohort study that assesses the efficacy of a peer support programme among youth social services employees exposed to a PTE at work on psychological well-being, work functioning and needs of support...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647679/factors-impacting-on-psychological-wellbeing-of-international-students-in-the-health-professions-a-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Lisa McKenna, Eddie Robinson, Joy Penman, Danny Hills
BACKGROUND: There are increasing numbers of international students undertaking health professional courses, particularly in Western countries. These courses not only expose students to the usual stresses and strains of academic learning, but also require students to undertake clinical placements and practice-based learning. While much is known about general issues facing international students, less is known about factors that impact on those studying in the health professions. OBJECTIVES: To explore what is known about factors that influence the psychological wellbeing of international students in the health professions...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647404/patient-centered-outcomes-and-treatment-preferences-regarding-sexual-problems-a-qualitative-study-among-midlife-women
#4
Holly N Thomas, Megan Hamm, Rachel Hess, Sonya Borrero, Rebecca C Thurston
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is common in midlife women and can have a significant negative impact on quality of life. Although treatments exist, there is little research on which sexual function outcomes and treatments midlife women prefer. AIM: To better understand the sexual function outcomes that were most important to sexually active women 45 to 60 years old and the types of treatments they would prefer from individual interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Twenty individual interviews and three focus groups (N = 39) were led by a trained facilitator, audio recorded, and transcribed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646707/use-of-research-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-theses-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Anita Nordsteien, May-Elin T Horntvedt, Jonn Syse
BACKGROUND: Health care personnel are expected to be familiar with evidence-based practice (EBP). Asking clinical questions, conducting systematic literature searches and conducting critical appraisal of research findings have been some of the barriers to EBP. To improve undergraduate nurses' research skills, a collaborative library-faculty teaching intervention was established in 2012. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate how the collaborative library-faculty teaching intervention affected the nursing students' research skills when writing their final theses...
June 10, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645985/a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-interactive-web-based-intervention-cancercope
#6
Suzanne K Chambers, Lee Ritterband, Frances Thorndike, Lisa Nielsen, Joanne F Aitken, Samantha Clutton, Paul Scuffham, Philippa Youl, Bronwyn Morris, Peter Baade, Jeffrey Dunn
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 35% of patients with cancer experience clinically significant distress, and unmet psychological supportive care needs are prevalent. This study describes the protocol for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an internet-based psychological intervention for distressed patients with cancer. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In phase I, the intervention was developed on an interactive web platform and pilot tested for acceptability using a qualitative methodology with 21 patients with cancer...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645974/assessing-medical-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-shared-decision-making-across-the-curriculum-protocol-for-an-international-online-survey-and-stakeholder-analysis
#7
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata Yen, Paul J Barr, Nan Cochran, Johanna Aarts, France Légaré, Malcolm Reed, A James O'Malley, Peter Scalia, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Shared decision making (SDM) is a goal of modern medicine; however, it is not currently embedded in routine care. Barriers include clinicians’ attitudes, lack of knowledge and training and time constraints. Our goal is to support the development and delivery of a robust SDM curriculum in medical education. Our objective is to assess undergraduate medical students’ knowledge of and attitudes towards SDM in four countries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The first phase of the study involves a web-based cross-sectional survey of undergraduate medical students from all years in selected schools across the United States (US), Canada and undergraduate and graduate students in the Netherlands...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645956/exploring-the-components-of-physician-volunteer-engagement-a-qualitative-investigation-of-a-national-canadian-simulation-based-training-programme
#8
Aimee J Sarti, Stephanie Sutherland, Angele Landriault, Kirk DesRosier, Susan Brien, Pierre Cardinal
OBJECTIVES: Conceptual clarity on physician volunteer engagement is lacking in the medical literature. The aim of this study was to present a conceptual framework to describe the elements which influence physician volunteer engagement and to explore volunteer engagement within a national educational programme. SETTING: The context for this study was the Acute Critical Events Simulation (ACES) programme in Canada, which has successfully evolved into a national educational programme, driven by physician volunteers...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645952/title-cervical-cancer-survivors-perceived-cognitive-complaints-and-supportive-care-needs-in-mainland-china-a-qualitative-study
#9
Yingchun Zeng, Andy Sk Cheng, Xiangyu Liu, Chetwyn Ch Chan
OBJECTIVES: This study explores Chinese cervical cancer survivors' perceived cognitive complaints and relevant supportive care needs after primary cancer treatment. DESIGN: This study utilised a qualitative research design. A semi-structured interview was used to probe cervical cancer patients' perceived cognitive complaints and supportive care needs. SETTING: This study was conducted at a secondary cancer care centre located in South China...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645887/perspectives-of-family-members-on-using-technology-in-youth-mental-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#10
Shalini Lal, Winnie Daniel, Lysanne Rivard
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized as having an important role in the delivery of mental health services for youth. Recent studies have evaluated young people's access and use of technology, as well as their perspectives on using technology to receive mental health information, services, and support; however, limited attention has been given to the perspectives of family members in this regard. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of family members on the use of ICTs to deliver mental health services to youth within the context of specialized early intervention for a first-episode psychosis (FEP)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645292/implementation-of-tobacco-cessation-brief-intervention-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-practice-qualitative-evaluation
#11
Emery R Eaves, Amy Howerter, Mark Nichter, Lysbeth Floden, Judith S Gordon, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Myra L Muramoto
BACKGROUND: This article presents findings from qualitative interviews conducted as part of a research study that trained Acupuncture, Massage, and Chiropractic practitioners' in Arizona, US, to implement evidence-based tobacco cessation brief interventions (BI) in their routine practice. The qualitative phase of the overall study aimed to assess: the impact of tailored training in evidence-based tobacco cessation BI on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners' knowledge and willingness to implement BIs in their routine practice; and their patients' responses to cessation intervention in CAM context...
June 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645277/dignity-in-people-with-frontotemporal-dementia-and-similar-disorders-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-family-caregivers
#12
Mette Sagbakken, Dagfinn Nåden, Ingun Ulstein, Kari Kvaal, Birgitta Langhammer, May-Karin Rognstad
BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) constitutes on average 10-15% of dementia in younger persons (≤65 years old), but can also affect older people. These patients demonstrate a decline in social conduct, and/or language aphasias, apathy, and loss of insight that is gradual and progressive. Preservation of dignity seems to be highly relevant both before and after admission to different types of institutionalized care, but the research is scant. From the perspective of close relatives, this study aims to develop knowledge related to dignified or undignified care of patients with FTD and similar conditions...
June 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645270/qualitative-modification-and-development-of-patient-and-caregiver-reported-outcome-measures-for-iron-chelation-therapy
#13
Erica G Horodniceanu, Vasudha Bal, Harman Dhatt, John A Carter, Vicky Huang, Kathryn Lasch
BACKGROUND: Compliance, palatability, gastrointestinal (GI) symptom, and treatment satisfaction patient- and observer-reported outcome (PRO, ObsRO) measures were developed/modified for patients with transfusion-dependent anemias or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) requiring iron chelation therapy (ICT). METHODS: This qualitative cross-sectional observational study used grounded theory data collection and analysis methods and followed PRO/ObsRO development industry guidance...
June 23, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645127/-high-prevalence-of-antipsychotic-medication-use-in-dementia-patients-in-german-neuropsychiatric-practices
#14
Jens Bohlken, Anke Booker, Karel Kostev
Background The aim of the present study was to examine inpatients as well as patients living at home with respect to the frequency of antipsychotic medication use and to determine the factors leading to initial use of antipsychotics following dementia diagnosis. Methods This study included patients aged 60 years and over with an initial diagnosis of all-cause dementia (index date) by German psychiatrists in Disease Analyzer database (IMS Health). The main outcome measure was the proportion of patients who initially received an antipsychotic prescription after the index date...
June 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643900/exploring-perspectives-of-young-onset-dementia-caregivers-with-high-versus-low-unmet-needs
#15
Joany K Millenaar, Christian Bakker, Deliane van Vliet, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Alexander Kurz, Frans R J Verhey, Marjolein E de Vugt
BACKGROUND: This study is part of the Research to Assess Policies and Strategies for Dementia in the Young project. Information about specific needs in young onset dementia (YOD) will provide the basis for the development of an e-health intervention to assist caregivers in coping with YOD in several European countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the issues caregivers of people with YOD face. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis method was used to analyse interviews with YOD caregivers...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643268/sexual-health-in-a-social-and-cultural-context-a-qualitative-study-of-young-latina-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women
#16
Christie A Santos, Emily C Williams, Julius Rodriguez, India J Ornelas
Previous research on sexual minority and Latina women suggests that Latina lesbian, bisexual, and queer (LBQ) women may be at high risk for sexually associated and transmitted infections, but research on the sexual health and practices of this population is limited. This qualitative study explored the knowledge, attitudes, and values related to sexual health among a purposive sample of Latina LBQ women living in Seattle, WA. Latina LBQ women (N = 14) were recruited to participate in in-depth interviews about their sexual health through community organizations, flyers posted on college campuses, email and social media advertisements, and participant referrals...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643185/keeping-disability-in-mind-a-case-study-in-implantable-brain-computer-interface-research
#17
Laura Specker Sullivan, Eran Klein, Tim Brown, Matthew Sample, Michelle Pham, Paul Tubig, Raney Folland, Anjali Truitt, Sara Goering
Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) research is an interdisciplinary area of study within Neural Engineering. Recent interest in end-user perspectives has led to an intersection with user-centered design (UCD). The goal of user-centered design is to reduce the translational gap between researchers and potential end users. However, while qualitative studies have been conducted with end users of BCI technology, little is known about individual BCI researchers' experience with and attitudes towards UCD. Given the scientific, financial, and ethical imperatives of UCD, we sought to gain a better understanding of practical and principled considerations for researchers who engage with end users...
June 22, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643152/the-impact-of-speed-of-play-in-gambling-on-psychological-and-behavioural-factors-a-critical-review
#18
REVIEW
Andrew Harris, Mark D Griffiths
Conceptually, there is a common association between gambling games with fast speeds of play and problem gambling. This relationship however, is largely correlational in nature, which comes at the expense of carefully controlled empirical investigation. Research that does exist aimed towards investigating the impact of gambling speeds on psychological and behavioural factors, is in its relative infancy, and the research possesses disparate methodologies and variables of interest. The aims of the current review is therefore to evaluate and summarise the existing body of evidence relating to speed of play in gambling, as well as discuss how this evidence can be used to inform harm minimisation approaches aimed at facilitating self-control during gambling...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643117/children-s-family-experiences-development-of-the-promis-%C3%A2-pediatric-family-relationships-measures
#19
Katherine B Bevans, Anne W Riley, Jeanne M Landgraf, Adam C Carle, Rachel E Teneralli, Barbara H Fiese, Lisa J Meltzer, Anna K Ettinger, Brandon D Becker, Christopher B Forrest
PURPOSE: To describe the development of pediatric family relationships measures, with versions for child self-report (8-17 years) and parent-report for children 5-17 years old. Measures were created for integration into the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS(®)). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 10 experts, 24 children, and 8 parents were conducted to elicit and clarify essential elements of family relationships. A systematic literature review was conducted to identify item concepts representative of each element...
June 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643110/refugee-children-s-sandplay-narratives-in-immigration-detention-in-canada
#20
Rachel Kronick, Cécile Rousseau, Janet Cleveland
Asylum seeking children arriving in Canada regularly face incarceration in medium-security-style immigration detention centres. Research demonstrates the human cost of detaining migrant children and families and the psychiatric burden linked with such imprisonment. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of children aged 3-13 held in detention. Informed by a qualitative methodology of narrative inquiry, child participants created worlds in the sand and generated stories to express their subjective experience...
June 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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