keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Occipital seizures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699152/-characteristics-of-structural-injuries-in-pediatric-patients-with-focal-epilepsy-in-a-honduran-hospital
#1
A Ramirez-Izcoa, D Varela-Gonzalez, M I Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is the most commonly occurring neurological disorder in the world. The study of structural brain lesions is important to understand the secondary complications. In Honduras there is little information on this topic. AIM: To determine the characteristics and proportion of structural brain lesions in paediatric patients with focal epilepsy at the Hospital Escuela Universitario. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective-prospective study...
August 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697467/smoking-prevalence-and-seizure-control-in-chinese-males-with-epilepsy
#2
Hui Gao, Josemir W Sander, Xudong Du, Jiani Chen, Cairong Zhu, Dong Zhou
Smoking has a negative effect on most diseases, yet it is under-investigated in people with epilepsy; thus its role is not clear in the general population with epilepsy. We performed a retrospective pilot study on males with epilepsy to determine the smoking rate and its relationship with seizure control using univariate analysis to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and also used a multi-variate logistic regression model. The smoking rate in our sample of 278 individuals was 25.5%, which is lower than the general Chinese population smoking rate among males of 52...
July 7, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689345/extensive-brain-infarction-involving-deep-structures-during-an-acetazolamide-challenged-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-scan-in-a-patient-with-moyamoya-disease
#3
Sangjoon Chong, June Dong Park, Jong Hee Chae, Jung-Eun Cheon, Seung-Ki Kim, Ji Hoon Phi, Ji Yeoun Lee, Jin Chul Paeng, Kyu-Chang Wang
BACKGROUND: Acetazolamide-challenged brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is used for the evaluation of cerebral perfusion in cerebrovascular diseases including moyamoya disease (MMD). Not a few patients experience adverse side effects during the acetazolamide-challenged brain SPECT, but most of the symptoms are mild and transient. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of severe brain infarction leading to death during the examination of an acetazolamide-challenged brain SPECT in a patient with MMD...
July 8, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675420/seizure-associated-aphasia-has-good-lateralizing-but-poor-localizing-significance
#4
Anna Mira Loesch, Hannah Steger, Claudia Losher, Elisabeth Hartl, Jan Rémi, Christian Vollmar, Soheyl Noachtar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the occurrence of ictal and postictal aphasia in different focal epilepsy syndromes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the video-electroencephalographic monitoring data of 1,118 patients with focal epilepsy for seizure-associated aphasia (SAA). Statistical analysis included chi-square analysis and Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: We identified 102 of 1,118 patients (9.1%) in whom ictal or postictal aphasia (SAA) was part of their recorded seizures (n = 59 of 102; 57...
July 4, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631645/primary-leptomeningeal-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-a-difficult-entity-to-diagnose
#5
Jyothy Sehgal, Murthy Murali Krishna Jagarlapudi, Murthy V R K Tenneti, Syed Ameer Basha, Sundaram Challa
A 25-year-old male presented with difficulty in walking, loss of vision, and seizures. A clinical possibility of craniospinal meningeal pathology was considered. On computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging, there was an enhancement of leptomeninges with few ring-enhancing lesions in both frontal lobes and right frontoparietal region. He was evaluated for low backache and occipital headache 2½ years earlier and was found to have communicating hydrocephalus on CT scan. He underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt and was followed up with CT scans...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623069/neonatal-hypoglycemia-a-wide-range-of-electroclinical-manifestations-and-seizure-outcomes
#6
Ebru Arhan, Zeynep Öztürk, Ayşe Serdaroğlu, Kürşad Aydın, Tuğba Hirfanoğlu, Yılmaz Akbaş
PURPOSE: We examined the various types of epilepsy in children with neonatal hypoglycemia in order to define electroclinical and prognostic features of these patients. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with a history of symptomatic neonatal hypoglycaemia who have been followed at Gazi University Hospital Pediatric Neurology Department between 2006 and 2015. Patients with perinatal asphyxia were excluded. Details of each patient's perinatal history, neurological outcome, epilepsy details, seizure outcome and EEG and brain MRI findings were reviewed...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602933/familial-epilepsy-with-anterior-polymicrogyria-as-a-presentation-of-col18a1-mutations
#7
Mark A Corbett, Samantha J Turner, Alison Gardner, Jeremy Silver, Jim Stankovich, Richard J Leventer, Christopher P Derry, Renée Carroll, Thuong Ha, Ingrid E Scheffer, Melanie Bahlo, Graeme D Jackson, David A Mackey, Samuel F Berkovic, Jozef Gecz
Knobloch syndrome [OMIM: (KNO1) #267750] is a rare and clinically heterogeneous autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in COL18A1. Knobloch syndrome is characterised by abnormalities of the eye and occipital skull defects however the full phenotypic spectrum is yet to be defined. This report describes a family of four affected sisters with polymicrogyria, refractory seizures, and intellectual impairment of varying severity with a Lennox-Gastaut phenotype, and complex eye abnormalities where a syndromic diagnosis was not initially made...
August 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535638/-application-of-long-term-video-electroencephalogram-and-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-detection-of-cognition-in-patients-with-benign-epilepsy-of-childhood-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#8
X X Yan, Q Yu, Y T Gao, L T Li, D H Yu, Y Chen, X J Yao, W D Yang, Z J Chen, J Z Yin, Y An, K Tan
Objective: To study the relationship between the changes of brain network and cognition in patients with benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) by using long term video electroencephalogram (VEEG) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) technology. Methods: Eleven patients with right-handed were recruited (from April 2015 to September 2016) from epilepsy specialist outpatients and functional department of neurosurgery of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533649/cerebral-toxoplasmosis-masquerading-cns-lymphoma-on-fdg-pet-ct-in-post-renal-transplant-patient
#9
Anirban Mukherjee, Chandrasekhar Bal, Madhavi Tripathi, Chandan Jyoti Das, Shamim Ahmed Shamim
20 year old post renal transplant patient developed recurrent episodes of seizure. MRI revealed focal lesion in right parieto-occipital lobe with perilesional edema. FDG PET-CT revealed multiple hypermetabolic lesions in bilateral cerebral hemisphere. Subsequent biopsy from the lesion demonstrated bradyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii with inflammatory cells and thereby, a confirmatory diagnosis of cerebral toxoplasmosis was made. This case demonstrates the fact that increased FDG uptake in cerebral lesions in post transplant patient should be interpreted with caution and confirmed with histopathological correlation...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532712/photosensitivity-and-epilepsy-current-concepts-and-perspectives-a-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
A Martins da Silva, Bárbara Leal
The authors review the influence of photic stimuli on the generation of epileptic seizures, addressing the first descriptions of the phenomenon and its subsequent exploration. Initially defined in the 1950's, links between intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) and seizures were well understood by the 1970. Since then the increasing exposure to photic stimuli associated with modern life (for instance through TVs, patterns, computer games and electronic instruments with flickering displays) has led to an increased interest in this issue...
April 5, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530152/new-onset-fixation-off-sensitivity-or-scotosensitivity-in-an-adult-male-after-bilateral-embolic-strokes-of-the-parietal-and-occipital-regions
#11
Francis G Tirol
A 50-year old male suffered new-onset clinical and subclinical seizures provoked by acute bilateral embolic strokes in the parietal and occipital regions as a complication of aortic valve replacement surgery. After successful treatment of these refractory symptomatic seizures with intravenous propofol and antiseizure medications, video-EEG recordings revealed acute and transient fixation-off sensitivity or scotosensitivity that resolved within 10 weeks.
May 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527174/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-and-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-coexisting-in-a-woman-a-rare-coincidence
#12
Surekha Dabla, Himanshu Juneja, Anubha Garg, Renu Bansal, Surender Kumar
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) are two rare diseases which may present with similar symptoms and signs. We report a case with coexisting PRES and CVST in a 34 years old postpartum female presented with multiple episodes of generalized seizures and bilateral vision loss after delivery. MRI brain and venography revealed left transverse sinus, sigmoid sinus and internal cerebral vein thrombosis with vasogenic edema in bilateral parieto-occipital, right temporal and left frontal area, which was suggestive of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES)...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524796/improvement-of-visual-field-defects-after-focal-resection-for-occipital-lobe-epilepsy-case-report
#13
Takahiro Yamamoto, Tadashi Hamasaki, Hideo Nakamura, Kazumichi Yamada
Improvement of visual field defects after surgical treatment for occipital lobe epilepsy is rare. Here, the authors report on a 24-year-old man with a 15-year history of refractory epilepsy that developed after he had undergone an occipital craniotomy to remove a cerebellar astrocytoma at the age of 4. His seizures started with an elementary visual aura, followed by secondary generalized tonic-clonic convulsion. Perimetry revealed left-sided incomplete hemianopia, and MRI showed an old contusion in the right occipital lobe...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512046/risk-factors-for-preoperative-seizures-and-loss-of-seizure-control-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-metastatic-brain-tumors
#14
Adela Wu, Jon D Weingart, Gary L Gallia, Michael Lim, Henry Brem, Chetan Bettegowda, Kaisorn L Chaichana
OBJECTIVE: Metastatic brain tumors are the most common brain tumors in adults. Patients with metastatic brain tumors have poor prognoses with median survival of 6-12 months. Seizures are a major presenting symptom and cause of morbidity and mortality. In this article, risk factors for the onset of preoperative seizures and postoperative seizure control are examined. METHODS: Adult patients who underwent resection of one or more brain metastases at a single institution between 1998 and 2011 were reviewed retrospectively...
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491196/cerebral-palsy-and-seizures-in-a-child-with-tubulinopathy-pattern-dysgenesis-and-focal-cortical-dysplasia
#15
Kevin M Sweet, Dennis W W Shaw, Teresa Chapman
A 7-year-old boy with a history of spasticity, global developmental delay, and seizures was given the general diagnosis of cerebral palsy at an early age. Chromosomal array analysis performed at an outside center was normal. The patient's family sought neurodevelopmental pediatric care at a new institution following a move out of state. Electroencephalography confirmed abnormal epileptogenic activity. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed findings consistent with a tubulin gene defect (tubulinopathy) and of focal cortical dysplasia, as well as evidence of a remote occipital lobe injury...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473920/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-pres
#16
Sreenivasa Rao Sudulagunta, Mahesh Babu Sodalagunta, Monica Kumbhat, Aravinda Settikere Nataraju
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-radiological syndrome characterized by a headache, seizures, altered mental status and visual loss and characterized by white matter vasogenic edema affecting the posterior occipital and parietal lobes of the brain predominantly. This clinical syndrome is increasingly recognized due to improvement and availability of brain imaging specifically magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A 35-year-old female with the history of unsafe abortion and massive blood transfusion 10 days ago was brought to the emergency room with three episodes of generalized tonic-clonic seizures, urinary incontinence and altered sensorium since 3 hours...
April 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463934/occipito-frontal-sharp-waves-an-under-recognized-electroencephalogram-pattern-in-self-limited-idiopathic-childhood-focal-epilepsy
#17
Elaine Wyllie, Ahsan N V Moosa
We report four children who highlight the potentially under-recognized electroencephalogram pattern of bilaterally synchronous occipito-frontal sharp waves, which may occur in children with Panayiotopoulos type self-limited childhood epilepsy but may be easily confused with the patterns of symptomatic generalized epilepsy. Our patients were young, healthy children who had infrequent, predominantly nocturnal, fairly prolonged seizures characterized by altered consciousness, vomiting, and autonomic features, or in one case nocturnal secondary generalized tonic-clonic convulsion...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449635/seizure-control-and-memory-impairment-are-related-to-disrupted-brain-functional-integration-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#18
Chang-Hyun Park, Yun Seo Choi, A-Reum Jung, Hwa-Kyoung Chung, Hyeon Jin Kim, Jeong Hyun Yoo, Hyang Woon Lee
Brain functional integration can be disrupted in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), but the clinical relevance of this disruption is not completely understood. The authors hypothesized that disrupted functional integration over brain regions remote from, as well as adjacent to, the seizure focus could be related to clinical severity in terms of seizure control and memory impairment. Using resting-state functional MRI data acquired from 48 TLE patients and 45 healthy controls, the authors mapped functional brain networks and assessed changes in a network parameter of brain functional integration, efficiency, to examine the distribution of disrupted functional integration within and between brain regions...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430051/reversible-postoperative-blindness-caused-by-bilateral-status-epilepticus-amauroticus-following-thoracolumbar-deformity-correction-case-report
#19
Tarik F Ibrahim, Rochelle T Sweis, Russ P Nockels
Postoperative vision loss (POVL) is a devastating complication and has been reported after complex spine procedures. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and posterior optic neuropathy are the 2 most common causes of POVL. Bilateral occipital lobe seizures causing complete blindness are rare and have not been reported as a cause of POVL after spine surgery with the patient prone. The authors report the case of a 67-year-old man without a history of seizures who underwent a staged thoracolumbar deformity correction and developed POVL 6 hours after surgery...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419330/seizure-outcomes-in-occipital-lobe-and-posterior-quadrant-epilepsy-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Stephen C Harward, William C Chen, John D Rolston, Michael M Haglund, Dario J Englot
BACKGROUND: Occipital lobe epilepsy (OLE) is an uncommon but debilitating focal epilepsy syndrome with seizures often refractory to medical management. While surgical resection has proven a viable treatment, previous studies examining postoperative seizure freedom rates are limited by small sample size and patient heterogeneity, thus exhibiting significant variability in their results. OBJECTIVE: To review the medical literature on OLE so as to investigate rates and predictors of both seizure freedom and visual outcomes following surgery...
April 13, 2017: Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
54873
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"