keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Occipital seizures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214641/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-causing-vision-loss-following-endoscopic-endonasal-resection-of-pituitary-adenoma-a-case-report
#1
Nicolas W Villelli, Daniel M Prevedello, Daniel S Ikeda, Alaa S Montaser, Bradley A Otto, Ricardo L Carrau
BACKGROUND: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is characterized by headache, altered mental status, visual changes, and seizure combined with brain imaging consistent with cerebral edema without infarction. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of PRES following an endoscopic endonasal resection of a pituitary macroadenoma. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 59-year-old female was diagnosed with a pituitary macroadenoma, for which she underwent endoscopic endonasal extracapsular resection...
February 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209769/seizures-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-white-matter-injury
#2
Monica S Cooper, Mark T Mackay, Michael Fahey, Dinah Reddihough, Susan M Reid, Katrina Williams, A Simon Harvey
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to describe the prevalence, syndromes, and evolution of seizure disorders in children with cerebral palsy (CP) due to white matter injury (WMI). METHODS: For this population-based cohort study, brain MRI scans and medical records were reviewed in children in the Victorian Cerebral Palsy Register born between 1999 and 2006 recorded as having WMI. Children were excluded if they had features of an undiagnosed syndrome, associated cortical malformation or injury, or no medical contact in the preceding year...
February 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166108/short-term-vision-loss-following-whipple-surgery-a-case-report
#3
Lakshman Gollapalli, Aashish J Kumar, Kunal Sood, Rudram Muppuri
Occipital seizures may result in visual deficits and may be an ictal or postictal phenomenon. A 71-year-old woman underwent pancreatoduodenectomy (Whipple procedure). During recovery in the postanesthesia care unit, the patient complained of blindness. Upon transfer to the intensive care unit, an electroencephalogram indicated bilateral occipital and hemispheric seizure activity. The patient was treated with antiseizure medication, and vision normalized within 3 days. Subtherapeutic concentration of free phenytoin was confirmed...
February 3, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152662/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-as-a-complication-of-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-a-seven-year-old-girl
#4
Daiane Dos Santos, Felipe Welter Langer, Tatiane Dos Santos, Giordano Rafael Tronco Alves, Marisa Feiten, Walter Teixeira de Paula Neto
Introduction Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a multisystem small vessel vasculitis. Neurologic manifestations are uncommon. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a rare complication of Henoch-Schönlein purpura with typical clinical and neuroimaging findings that occurs most commonly in the setting of severe hypertension and renal injury. Case presentation A seven-year-old girl was admitted to our institution presenting with clinical and laboratory findings suggestive of Henoch-Schönlein purpura. Glucocorticoid therapy was initiated, but five days following her admission, she developed altered consciousness, seizures, arterial hypertension, and cortical blindness...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131186/neuroimaging-features-in-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-a-pictorial-review
#5
REVIEW
Morgan Ollivier, Anne Bertrand, Frédéric Clarençon, Sophie Gerber, Sandrine Deltour, Fanny Domont, Stéphanie Trunet, Didier Dormont, Delphine Leclercq
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a radioclinical entity associating nonspecific neurological symptoms (headache, seizures, impairment of alertness, visual disturbances…) occurring in evocative clinical condition (hypertension, eclampsia, immunosuppressor agents, systemic lupus erythematosus…). In the acute stage, the typical imaging finding is a vasogenic edema predominant in the subcortical parietal-occipital white matter. The purpose of this pictorial review is to illustrate the different neuroimaging features of PRES and present key radiological elements to assert diagnosis...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123734/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenges-in-extragonadal-yolk-sac-tumor-with-hepatoid-differentiation-a-case-report
#6
Vanja Zeremski, Christian Mawrin, Thomas Fischer, Enrico Schalk
Yolk sac tumors (YSTs) are rare aggressive tumors, arising most commonly in the gonads and occurring mainly in young adults. We herein report a case of an extragonadal YST with hepatoid differentiation localized in the brain and lung. A 41-year old man presented to our hospital with a generalized seizure. A head computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging examination revealed a large mass in the left occipital lobe with associated edema. Following complete resection, the histopathological examination revealed that the mass was a highly malignant epithelial tumor with a hepatoid pattern...
January 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121745/neurotoxicity-associated-with-dimethyl-sulfoxide-used-in-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#7
Eda Ataseven, Özlem Tüfekçi, Şebnem Yilmaz, Handan Güleryüz, Hale Ören
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a cryoprotective agent used in storage of frozen stem cells in stem cell transplantation. Central nervous system side effects of DMSO such as epileptic seizures, stroke, transient global amnesia, and temporary leucoencephalopathy are rarely seen. Here, we report a pediatric patient who developed seizures after DMSO-cryopreserved stem cell infusion and whose magnetic resonance imaging of the brain demonstrated parietal and occipital focal cortical T2-signal intensity increase. DMSO toxicity should be kept in mind in patients who received cryopreserved stem cell infusion and magnetic resonance imaging may be helpful in differential diagnosis of central nervous system involvement...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109990/ictal-eeg-fmri-study-of-vertiginous-seizures
#8
Alessandra Morano, Marco Carnì, Sara Casciato, Anna Elisabetta Vaudano, Jinane Fattouch, Martina Fanella, Mariarita Albini, Luca Manfredi Basili, Giulia Lucignani, Marco Scapeccia, Regina Tomassi, Elisabetta Di Castro, Claudio Colonnese, Anna Teresa Giallonardo, Carlo Di Bonaventura
Vertigo and dizziness are extremely common complaints, related to either peripheral or central nervous system disorders. Among the latter, epilepsy has to be taken into consideration: indeed, vertigo may be part of the initial aura of a focal epileptic seizure in association with other signs/symptoms, or represent the only ictal manifestation, a rare phenomenon known as "vertiginous" or "vestibular" seizure. These ictal symptoms are usually related to a discharge arising from/involving temporal or parietal areas, which are supposed to be a crucial component of the so-called "vestibular cortex"...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105188/rapid-progression-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-a-case-report
#9
Yan Yan Zhang, Ling Xiang Ruan, Sheng Zhang
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tumors are intracranial lesions with varying shapes that grow rapidly. GBM tumors most commonly present as solitary lesions and multiple lesions are rare. The aim of the present case report was to investigate the imaging features of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). In this study, the case of a 60-year-old patient who was hospitalized due to seizures is presented. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple lesions, heterogeneous in size, with peritumoral edema and ring-shaped enhancement...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098941/posterior-cortex-epilepsy-surgery-in-childhood-and-adolescence-predictors-of-long-term-seizure-outcome
#10
Georgia Ramantani, Angeliki Stathi, Armin Brandt, Karl Strobl, Susanne Schubert-Bast, Gert Wiegand, Rudolf Korinthenberg, Vera van Velthoven, Josef Zentner, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage, Thomas Bast
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the long-term seizure outcome of children and adolescents who were undergoing epilepsy surgery in the parietooccipital cortex and determine their predictive factors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 50 consecutive patients aged 11.1 (mean) ± 5.1 (standard deviation) years at surgery. All patients but one had a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-visible lesion. Resections were parietal in 40%, occipital in 32%, and parietooccipital in 28% cases; 24% patients additionally underwent a resection of the posterior border of the temporal lobe...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054130/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Marlene Fischer, Erich Schmutzhard
The posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurological disorder of (sub)acute onset characterized by varied neurological symptoms, which may include headache, impaired visual acuity or visual field deficits, disorders of consciousness, confusion, seizures, and focal neurological deficits. In a majority of patients the clinical presentation includes elevated arterial blood pressure up to hypertensive emergencies. Neuroimaging, in particular magnetic resonance imaging, frequently shows a distinctive parieto-occipital pattern with a symmetric distribution of changes reflecting vasogenic edema...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042998/photosensitivity-in-dravet-syndrome-is-under-recognized-and-related-to-prognosis
#12
Nienke Verbeek, Dorothée Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité, Merel Wassenaar, Jolien van Campen, Anja Sonsma, W Boudewijn Gunning, Al de Weerd, Nine Knoers, Willy Spetgens, Thea Gutter, Frans Leijten, Eva Brilstra
OBJECTIVE: To detect determinants for photoparoxysmal EEG response (PPR) in SCN1A-related Dravet syndrome (DS). METHODS: Data were studied from nationwide medical histories and EEGs of DS-patients (n=53; 31 males, age 2-19years). Detailed questionnaires on visual stimuli were completed by parents (n=49). RESULTS: PPR was found in 22 patients (42%; median age 1.25yr), and repeatedly in 17%. PPR (17% of 249 intermittent photic stimulation (IPS)-EEGs) occurred more often with optimal IPS protocols (OR 2...
February 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017759/the-monro-kellie-doctrine-in-action-posterior-reversible-leukoencephalopathy-syndrome-pres-due-to-intracranial-hypotension-from-lumbo-peritoneal-shunt-placement
#13
Ioannis Karakis, Audrey H Nuccio, Jordan P Amadio, Arthur J Fountain
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is linked to various etiologies, foremost systemic hypertension. Its association with intracranial hypotension (IH), a potential sequela of various neurosurgical procedures, is under-recognized. We report a case of lumbo-peritoneal shunt induced IH resulting in PRES with the goal to increase awareness, and elaborate on the potential biological mechanism, based on the Monro-Kellie hypothesis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 26-year-old woman with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and epilepsy was admitted for recurrent cryptococcal meningitis and breakthrough seizures...
December 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011390/reversible-mri-findings-in-a-case-of-acute-intermittent-porphyria-with-a-novel-mutation-in-the-porphobilinogen-deaminase-gene
#14
Jing Yang, Hang Yang, Qianlong Chen, Baolai Hua, Tienan Zhu, Yongqiang Zhao, Xuezhong Yu, Huadong Zhu, Zhou Zhou
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by a partial deficiency of porphobilinogen deaminase (PBGD), the third enzyme in the of heme biosynthetic pathway. It can affect the autonomic, peripheral, and central nervous system. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a clinicoradiological entity characterized by headache, seizures, altered consciousness, and visual disorder associated with potentially reversible neuroradiological abnormalities predominantly in the parieto-occipital lobes...
December 18, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009132/tract-specific-atrophy-in-focal-epilepsy-disease-genetics-or-seizures
#15
David N Vaughan, David Raffelt, Evan Curwood, Meng-Han Tsai, Jacques-Donald Tournier, Alan Connelly, Graeme D Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether genetics, underlying pathology or repeated seizures contribute to atrophy in specific white matter tracts. METHODS: Medically-refractory unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (HS-TLE, n=26) was studied as an archetype of focal epilepsy, using fixel-based analysis of diffusion-weighted imaging. A genetic effect was assessed in first-degree relatives of HS-TLE who did not have epilepsy themselves (HS-1°Rel; n=26)...
December 23, 2016: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923187/sleep-eeg-patterns-in-infants-with-congenital-zika-virus-syndrome
#16
Maria Durce Costa Gomes Carvalho, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Vanessa van der Linden, Paula Fabiana Sobral, Regina Coeli Ferreira Ramos, Maria Ângela Wanderley Rocha, Marli Tenório Cordeiro, Sarah Pinheiro de Alencar, Magda Lahorgue Nunes
OBJECTIVES: To describe sleep EEG patterns of neonates, and infants with microcephaly due to congenital Zika virus (ZikV) syndrome. METHODS: A descriptive case series of EEGs performed in a cohort of neonates with microcephaly monitored from October 2015 to February 2016 at a University Hospital in Northeast Brazil. Infants were investigated following an established protocol that includes EEG, neuroimaging studies, PCR and specific antibodies for ZikV detection...
January 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919270/delayed-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-air-emboli-after-open-heart-surgery-case-report-and-review-of-a-success-story
#17
REVIEW
Eva Niyibizi, Guillaume Elyes Kembi, Claude Lae, Rodrigue Pignel, Tornike Sologashvili
BACKGROUND: The current case describes a rare diagnosis of iatrogenic air emboli after elective cardiopulmonary bypass that was successfully treated with delayed hyperbaric oxygen therapy, with good clinical evolution in spite of rare complications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35 years old male was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for post-operative management after being placed on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for an elective ventricular septal defect closure and aortic valvuloplasty...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917700/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-following-elevated-mean-arterial-pressures-for-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Jeffrey H Zimering, Addisu Mesfin
BACKGROUND: Increasing the mean arterial pressure (MAP) is an accepted treatment modality to minimize the risk for irreversible neurologic damage secondary to spinal cord ischemia. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare complication occurring after transplantation surgery, in persons having an autoimmune disorder or after abrupt increases in blood pressure of various etiologies. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of medical records...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890955/aspergillus-meningoencephalitis-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-normal-cerebrospinal-fluid-does-not-mean-absence-of-meningitis
#19
Soaham Dilip Desai, Sanket Seth, Aniketh Shah, Bhalendu Vaishnav
A male with human immunodeficiency virus infection presented with febrile encephalopathy followed by seizures and left hemiparesis. Initial imaging with contrast computerized tomography (CT) scan brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination were normal. Subsequent magnetic resonance imaging brain revealed bilateral parieto-occipital infarcts with bleed. He did not improve on treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics, anti-tubercular drugs, and antifungals. He finally succumbed to the disease. His CSF culture grew Aspergillus after 2 weeks...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889818/somatosensory-reflex-seizures-in-a-child-with-epilepsy-related-to-novel-scn1a-mutation
#20
Pinar Arican, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Dilek Cavusoglu, Taha Resid Ozdemır, Pinar Gencpinar
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in SCN1A have been reported in patients with different types of epilepsy, including generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus, severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy, malignant migrating partial seizures in infancy, and other infantile epileptic encephalopathies. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 10-month-old girl presented with reflex epileptic seizures provoked by somatosensory stimuli with a novel de novo mutation of SCN1A gene. She was observed to have seizures with eye deviation, unresponsiveness provoked by somatosensory stimuli of the face...
November 26, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
54873
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"