keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Occipital seizures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141829/cerebral-cortical-encephalitis-followed-by-recurrent-cns-demyelination-in-a-patient-with-concomitant-anti-mog-and-anti-nmda-receptor-antibodies
#1
Lei Zhou, Jingzi ZhangBao, Haiqing Li, Xiaoyang Li, Yongheng Huang, Min Wang, Chongbo Zhao, Jiahong Lu, Chuanzhen Lu, Yuxin Li, Chao Quan
We report the case of a patient who initially presented with fever, headache and seizure. MRI revealed a fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) high-intensity lesion involving the right temporal, parietal and occipital cortex. Afterwards, the patient developed three recurrent episodes, manifested as brainstem encephalitis, optic neuritis and ADEM-like illness successively, indicating demyelination. Both of his serum anti-MOG and CSF anti-NMDAR antibodies were proved positive by transfected cell based assays...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115706/seizure-susceptible-brain-regions-in-glioblastoma-identification-of-patients-at-risk
#2
Nuria Cayuela, Marta Simó, Carles Majós, X Rifà-Ros, Jaime Gállego Pérez-Larraya, Pablo Ripollés, Noemí Vidal, Julia Miró, Francisco Gil, Miguel Gil-Gil, Gerard Plans, Francesc Graus, Jordi Bruna
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to identify which glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients have a higher risk to present seizures during follow-up. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed GBM were reviewed (n=306), and classified in patients with (Group 1) and without (Group 2) seizures at onset. Group 2 was split into patients with seizures during follow-up (Group 2A) and patients who never had seizures (Group 2B). Anatomical location of GBM was identified and compared by voxel-based lesion symptom mapping (discovery set)...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114296/occipital-intraparenchymal-myxopapillary-ependymoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Tushit Bharat Mewada, Ishu Hetram Bishnoi, Hukum Singh, Daljit Singh
Myxopapillary ependymoma (MPE) is a histological variant of ependymoma found in the conus medullaris or filum terminale region. Intracranial occurrence of the tumor is a rarity. The most characteristic histological feature of myxopapillary tumors is the abundance of intercellular and perivascular mucin and the arborizing vasculature, which tends to form papillae. We are reporting a 14-year-old patient presented with seizures caused by the right occipital region intraparenchymal lesion. Histopathology confirmed it to be MPE...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076788/relationship-between-cortical-resection-and-visual-function-after-occipital-lobe-epilepsy-surgery
#4
Won Heo, June Sic Kim, Chun Kee Chung, Sang Kun Lee
OBJECTIVE In this study, the authors investigated long-term clinical and visual outcomes of patients after occipital lobe epilepsy (OLE) surgery and analyzed the relationship between visual cortical resection and visual function after OLE surgery. METHODS A total of 42 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with OLE and underwent occipital lobe resection between June 1995 and November 2013 were included. Clinical, radiological, and histopathological data were reviewed retrospectively. Seizure outcomes were categorized according to the Engel classification...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070753/a-case-of-primary-central-nervous-system-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-positive-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-manifested-as-a-unilateral-pachymeningits
#5
Etsuco Fujisawa, Hidehiro Shibayama, Fumi Mitobe, Fumiaki Katada, Susumu Sato, Toshio Fukutake M D
There have been 23 reports of primary central nervous system anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma in the literature. Here we report the 24th case of a 40-year-old man who presented with occipital headache for one month. His contrast-enhanced brain MRI showed enhancement around the right temporal lobe, which suggested a diagnosis of hypertrophic pachymeningitis. He improved with steroid therapy. After discharge, however, he was readmitted with generalized convulsive seizures...
October 26, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067537/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-pres-induced-by-pazopanib-a-multi-targeting-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-in-a-patient-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Shoichi Deguchi, Koichi Mitsuya, Yoko Nakasu, Nakamasa Hayashi, Hirohisa Katagiri, Hideki Murata, Junji Wasa, Mitsuru Takahashi, Masahiro Endo
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical entity characterized by acute neurological symptoms such as severe headache, seizures, and visual disturbance, and by typical reversible lesion on brain magnetic resonance (MR) images. Since PRES is thought to be caused by vascular endothelial injury due to cytotoxic agents or acute systemic hypertension, the number of reports on PRES associated with angiogenesis inhibitors has been increasing. Although five cases that developed PRES due to pazopanib for renal cell carcinoma have already been reported, none of PRES due to pazopanib for soft-tissue sarcoma has been reported thus far...
October 25, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064616/gain-of-function-hcn2-variants-in-genetic-epilepsy
#7
Melody Li, Snezana Maljevic, A Marie Phillips, Slave Petrovski, Michael Hildebrand, Rosemary Burgess, Therese Mount, Federico Zara, Pasquale Striano, Julian Schubert, Holger Thiele, Peter Nürnberg, Michael Wong, Judith L Weisenberg, Liu Lin Thio, Holger Lerche, Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel F Berkovic, Steven Petrou, Christopher A Reid
Genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) is a common epilepsy syndrome that encompasses seizure disorders characterized by spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs). Pacemaker hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (HCN) are considered integral to SWD genesis, making them an ideal gene candidate for GGE. We identified HCN2 missense variants from a large cohort of 585 GGE patients, recruited by the Epilepsy Phenome-Genome Project (EPGP), and performed functional analysis using two-electrode voltage clamp recordings from Xenopus oocytes...
October 24, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062689/occipital-dysembryoplastic-neuroepithelial-tumor-presenting-as-adult-onset-temporal-epilepsy
#8
Riddhi Patira, Cody Nathan, Sarah Zubkov, Camilo Gutierrez, Charles Munyon, Abir Mukherjee, Mercedes Jacobson
Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNET) is a benign brain tumor which commonly presents as childhood-onset temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). We present a case of histologically proven DNET with a clinical presentation and scalp EEG suggestive of adult-onset TLE. MRI showed an occipital lesion. PET showed abnormal metabolism of the occipital lesion and the ipsilateral temporal lobe; raising concern for an abnormal functional network reorganization. Intracranial EEG showed interictal spikes and seizures originating from the occipital lesion with no seizures emanating from the temporal lobe...
2017: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060677/localization-of-stereo-electroencephalography-signals-using-a-finite-difference-complete-electrode-model
#9
Damon E Hyde, Xavier Tomas-Fernandez, Scellig S Stone, Jurriaan Peters, Simon K Warfield
Surgical intervention in epilepsy aims to eliminate seizures in refractory patients by resecting the tissue responsible for seizure onset. Stereo-electroencephalography (sEEG) provides highly accurate but invasive electrophysiological measurements using narrow multi-contact electrodes implanted stereotactically through small holes in the skull. However, the three dimensional nature of sEEG measurements make observed seizure onsets difficult to associate with physical cortical regions. Three dimensional source localization from sEEG measurements can improve the interpretation of this data, but requires more accurate modeling as compared to localization from scalp EEG...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046760/an-atypical-subacute-presentation-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome
#10
Eseosa Bazuaye-Ekwuyasi, Robert Dobbin Chow, Sarah Schmalzle
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) characteristically presents with rapid onset of headache, seizure, encephalopathy, and visual changes, along with evidence of parieto-occipital vasogenic edema on magnetic resonance imaging. We describe the case of a 41-year-old female with a protracted presentation of two of the four classic PRES symptoms, which were not immediately recognized as PRES due to the presence of multiple other comorbidities and reasons for encephalopathy. This case highlights the possibility of atypical presentations of PRES and the diagnostic challenges in making this clinical diagnosis when competing diagnoses are present...
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042902/unusual-case-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-anti-glomerular-basement-membrane-antibody-glomerulonephritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Boram Cha, Dae Young Kim, Hyunil Jang, Seun Deuk Hwang, Huck Jei Choi, Moon-Jae Kim
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterized by a clinical and radiological entity with the sudden onset of seizures, headache, altered consciousness, and visual disturbances in patients with the findings of reversible vasogenic subcortical edema without infarction. Hypertension, renal disease, and autoimmune disease are co-morbid conditions of PRES. Nevertheless, there have only been a few case reports of PRES in a patient with anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody glomerulonephritis (anti-GBM GN)...
September 2017: Electrolyte & Blood Pressure: E & BP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993753/electroencephalography-in-the-diagnosis-of-genetic-generalized-epilepsy-syndromes
#12
REVIEW
Udaya Seneviratne, Mark J Cook, Wendyl Jude D'Souza
Genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) consists of several syndromes diagnosed and classified on the basis of clinical features and electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormalities. The main EEG feature of GGE is bilateral, synchronous, symmetric, and generalized spike-wave complex. Other classic EEG abnormalities are polyspikes, epileptiform K-complexes and sleep spindles, polyspike-wave discharges, occipital intermittent rhythmic delta activity, eye-closure sensitivity, fixation-off sensitivity, and photoparoxysmal response...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984118/intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-the-context-of-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-and-varied-time-of-onset-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-a-case-report
#13
Tadeusz A Mendel, Beata Błażejewska-Hyżorek, Grażyna M Szpak, Tomasz Stępień, Eliza Lewandowska, Sylwia Tarka, Iwona Kurkowska-Jastrzębska, Teresa Wierzba-Bobrowicz
In patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) the incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is estimated at about 37% and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) at 1% of patients. A case with coincident occurrence of ICH, SAH and CVT in a patient with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is reported. A 79-year-old woman was admitted to the Neurological Department after the occurrence of generalized seizures, the first in her life. On admission she was unconscious with right hemiparesis and deviation of eyes to the left...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963933/functional-surgery-in-pediatric-drug-resistant-posterior-cortex-epilepsy-electro-clinical-findings-cognitive-and-seizure-outcome
#14
A Sierra-Marcos, M C Fournier-Del Castillo, J Álvarez-Linera, M Budke, M García-Fernández, M A Pérez-Jiménez
PURPOSE: Epilepsies originated from the occipital, parietal and/or the posterior edge of the temporal lobe are grouped together into posterior cortex epilepsy (PCE). Our objective was firstly to describe electro-clinical and imaging findings in the presurgical evaluation of children with PCE, and secondly to identify potential factors associated with surgical and cognitive outcomes. METHOD: From the total of patients referred to the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit of 'Hospital Universitario Niño Jesús' from 2003 to 2016, 55 had drug-resistant PCE...
September 22, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936822/-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-triggerred-by-alcohol-withdrawal
#15
Tuğçe Mengi, Yaprak Seçil, Aysel Çoban, Yeşim Beckmann
INTRODUCTION: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-radiological entity characterized by headache, altered mental status, epileptic seizures, visual disturbances and typically transient changes in posterior cerebral circulation areas. In this article, we present a case of alcohol withdrawal accompanied by PRES. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old male patient presented to the emergency department with visual hallucinations and meaningless speech...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910681/the-imaging-spectrum-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-a-pictorial-review
#16
REVIEW
Emily Brady, Neal S Parikh, Babak B Navi, Ajay Gupta, Andrew D Schweitzer
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterized by the acute onset of neurologic symptoms (headache, altered mental status, visual changes, seizures) with accompanying vasogenic edema on brain imaging. Risk factors for PRES include infection, uremia, malignancy, autoimmune disorders, the peripartum state and hypertension. PRES is classically described as being posterior (i.e. parieto-occipital) but radiologic variants are increasingly recognized. This pictorial review demonstrates the heterogeneity of the different radiologic presentations of PRES in reference to lesion distribution, hemorrhage, diffusion restriction, contrast enhancement, and other associated findings...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891522/impairments-of-cingulated-cortex-in-the-generalized-tonic-clonic-seizure-epilepsy-by%C3%A2-combining-morphological-and-functional-connectivity-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
Ming Ke, Bixia Jin, Guangyao Liu, Xiaoping Yang
Previous studies suggested that the patients with generalized tonic-clonic seizure had structural abnormalities in the thalamus, cingulated cortex and some other specific brain regions. Concurrently, the abnormality in thalamocortical network and basal ganglia network has been found in idiopathic generalized epilepsy. The cingulated cortex, a nexus of information processing and regulation in human brain, is implicated in the propagation of generalized spike in IGE and the previous studies have suggested that the structural features and functional connectivity of the cingulated cortex have been changed...
2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878299/a-study-on-clinicoradiological-characteristics-and-pregnancy-outcomes-of-reversible-posterior-leukoencephalopathy-syndrome-in-preeclampsia-or-eclampsia
#18
Xiaobo Fang, Yanling Liang, Dunjin Chen, Fang He, Jia Chen, Fami Huang
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is a critical maternal complication in preeclampsia or eclampsia during pregnancy. However, studies regarding the clinicoradiological and outcome differences between RPLS and non-RPLS pregnancies are scarce. We aimed to explore the incidence of RPLS, and summarize the clinicoradiological characteristics and pregnancy outcomes. We consecutively collected a total of 100 patients who were diagnosed with preeclampsia or eclampsia, and examined via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) among 21 872 women between 2013 and 2016...
September 7, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864308/a-neurosurgeon-s-view-outcome-after-rf-ablation-for-mtle
#19
Hana Malikova, Roman Liscak
We reviewed the current RF-ablation technique for mTLE and complications relating to the procedure. RF-ablation of the amygdalohippocampal complex (AHC) is a stereotactic technique, performed under local anesthesia, which achieved long-term seizure-free clinical seizure outcomes in 71% of mTLE patients. Occipital access is used and thermolesions are made from a single trajectory in the long axis of the AHC. RF-ablation has shown a low complication rate and clinical seizure outcomes seem to be comparable with open surgical techniques...
August 25, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840087/posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-thrombosed-aneurysm-associated-with-persistent-primitive-hypoglossal-artery-successfully-treated-with-condylar-fossa-approach
#20
Norihiro Saito, Rokuya Tanikawa, Toshiyuki Tsuboi, Kosmo Noda, Nakao Ota, Shirou Miyata, Hidetoshi Matsukawa, Takeshi Yanagisawa, Fumihiro Sakakibara, Yu Kinoshita, Takanori Miyazaki, Hiroyasu Kamiyama, Sadahisa Tokuda
A 68-year-old woman presented with generalized seizure due to the left internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysmal compression of the ipsilateral medial temporal lobe. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed multiple aneurysms of the right persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA), the right ICA, and the right anterior cerebral artery (ACA). The right PPHA originated from the ICA at the level of the C1 and C2 vertebral bodies and passed through the hypoglossal canal (HC). The PPHA aneurysm was large and thrombosed, which was located at the bifurcation of the right PPHA and the right posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), projecting medially to compress the medulla oblongata...
July 2017: NMC Case Rep J
keyword
keyword
54873
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"