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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106923/ercp-cannulation-in-the-difficult-duct-which-technique-should-you-pull-out-of-your-bag
#1
EDITORIAL
A M Ahmed, C M Wilcox
Golf and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) share a commonality where the highs of the successes are balanced by the lows of the frustrations. ERCP cannulation is one of the most difficult maneuvers in gastrointestinal endoscopy and is a requirement for the procedure's therapeutic benefit. As such, many different techniques have been developed to facilitate cannulation. The mission of the procedure is to provide access to the biliary or pancreatic duct typically with a guidewire, which can then be utilized as a platform for therapeutic and diagnostic procedures...
January 20, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106825/snr-and-standard-deviation-of-cgnss-r-and-ignss-r-scatterometric-measurements
#2
Alberto Alonso-Arroyo, Jorge Querol, Carlos Lopez-Martinez, Valery U Zavorotny, Hyuk Park, Daniel Pascual, Raul Onrubia, Adriano Camps
This work addresses the accuracy of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)-Reflectometry (GNSS-R) scatterometric measurements considering the presence of both coherent and incoherent scattered components, for both conventional GNSS-R (cGNSS-R) and interferometric GNSS-R (iGNSS-R) techniques. The coherent component is present for some type of surfaces, and it has been neglected until now because it vanishes for the sea surface scattering case. Taking into account the presence of both scattering components, the estimated Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) for both techniques is computed based on the detectability criterion, as it is done in conventional GNSS applications...
January 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105478/the-need-for-strategic-development-of-safety-sciences
#3
Francois Busquet, Thomas Hartung
The practice of risk assessment and regulation of substances has largely developed as a patchwork of circumstantial additions to a nowadays more or less shared international toolbox. The dominant drivers from the US and Europe have pursued remarkably different approaches in the use of these tools for regulation, i.e., a more risk-based approach in the US and a more precautionary approach in Europe. We argue that there is need for scientific developments not only for the tools but also for their application, i...
2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101876/extraction-of-actionable-information-from-crowdsourced-disaster-data
#4
Rungsun Kiatpanont, Uthai Tanlamai, Prabhas Chongstitvatana
Natural disasters cause enormous damage to countries all over the world. To deal with these common problems, different activities are required for disaster management at each phase of the crisis. There are three groups of activities as follows: (1) make sense of the situation and determine how best to deal with it, (2) deploy the necessary resources, and (3) harmonize as many parties as possible, using the most effective communication channels. Current technological improvements and developments now enable people to act as real-time information sources...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099465/impact-of-a-multi-strategy-community-intervention-to-reduce-maternal-and-child-health-inequalities-in-india-a-qualitative-study-in-haryana
#5
Madhu Gupta, Hans Bosma, Federica Angeli, Manmeet Kaur, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Monica Rana, Onno C P van Schayck
A multi-strategy community intervention, known as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), was implemented in India from 2005 to 2012. By improving the availability of and access to better-quality healthcare, the aim was to reduce maternal and child health (MCH) inequalities. This study was planned to explore the perceptions and beliefs of stakeholders about extent of implementation and effectiveness of NRHM's health sector plans in improving MCH status and reducing inequalities. A total of 33 in-depth interviews (n = 33) with program managers, community representatives, mothers and 8 focus group discussions (n = 42) with health service providers were conducted from September to December 2013, in Haryana, post NRHM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096743/meeting-at-the-crossroads-collaboration-between-information-technology-departments-and-health-sciences-libraries
#6
Samuel King, Erica Cataldi-Roberts, Erin Wentz
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this survey were to determine the nature and extent of collaboration between health sciences libraries and their information technology (IT) departments, to identify strengths and issues connected to this relationship, and to provide examples demonstrating exceptional collaborative success. METHODS: A fourteen-question survey was sent to a broad selection of health care and academic libraries through a variety of email discussion lists and was limited to one response per institution...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095957/point-of-care-ultrasound-utility-and-potential-for-high-altitude-crew-recovery-missions
#7
Laura A Galdamez, Jonathan B Clark, Erik L Antonsen
INTRODUCTION: Flights to high altitude can lead to exposure and unique pathology not seen in normal commercial aviation. METHODS: This paper assesses the potential for point-of-care ultrasound to aid in management and disposition of injured crewmembers from a high altitude incident. This was accomplished through a systematic literature review regarding current diagnostic and therapeutic uses of ultrasound for injuries expected in high altitude free fall and parachuting...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095952/neck-and-shoulder-muscle-activation-among-experienced-and-inexperienced-pilots-in-gz-exposure
#8
Tuomas Honkanen, Juha Oksa, Matti J Mäntysaari, Heikki Kyröläinen, Janne Avela
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare differences in electromyography (EMG) activation of the neck and shoulder muscles between groups of inexperienced and experienced pilots during controlled +Gz exposure in a centrifuge. METHODS: The subjects were volunteer cadets (inexperienced group) and lieutenants (experienced group) undergoing their first centrifuge training. The first group did not have any high performance aircraft (HPA) experience, while the latter one had a 1-yr experience of intense flying of HPA...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095802/a-case-control-study-investigating-factors-associated-with-high-infant-death-in-saiha-district-of-mizoram-india-bordering-myanmar
#9
Alok K Deb, Shanta Dutta, Chhaihlo Hnichho, Mary Vanlalpeki, Hli Thapi Phosa, Khaila Rakhu, Samuel Lalfakawma Fanai, Manoj Chakrabarti, Samiran Panda
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality has dropped considerably in India over the last 5 years. A sharp contrast to this decline in national average of infant mortality is the rate recorded during 2014-2015 from the southernmost district of Saiha, Mizoram having a common international border with Myanmar. As this district specific rate (113 per 1000 live births) is 3 times higher compared to the national and state average, the present investigation was carried out to identify associated factors...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095589/deciding-with-thresholds-importance-measures-and-value-of-information
#10
Emanuele Borgonovo, Alessandra Cillo
Risk-informed decision making is often accompanied by the specification of an acceptable level of risk. Such target level is compared against the value of a risk metric, usually computed through a probabilistic safety assessment model, to decide about the acceptability of a given design, the launch of a space mission, etc. Importance measures complement the decision process with information about the risk/safety significance of events. However, importance measures do not tell us whether the occurrence of an event can change the overarching decision...
January 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094564/secondary-cleft-nasolabial-deformities-a-new-classification-system-for-evaluation-and-surgical-revision
#11
Ghassan Abu Sittah, Odette Abou Ghanem, Usama Hamdan, Paul Ramia, Elias Zgheib
INTRODUCTION:   Secondary or residual cleft lip and nasal deformities following primary unilateral or bilateral cleft lip repair are common. Many classification systems have been proposed to describe congenital cleft lip and palate deformities before repair. This article proposes a one-of-a-kind classification system for residual cleft deformities and describes its application to 136 cleft lip revision cases from cleft outreach missions worldwide. METHODS:   Patients' demographics and deformities were classified preoperatively, and a database of the classification was created...
January 17, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092926/effect-of-gravity-and-microgravity-on-intracranial-pressure
#12
Justin S Lawley, Lonnie G Petersen, Erin J Howden, Satyam Sarma, William K Cornwell, Rong Zhang, Louis A Whitworth, Michael A Williams, Benjamin D Levine
Astronauts have recently been discovered to have impaired vision, with a presentation that resembles syndromes of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). This syndrome is considered the most mission critical medical problem identified in the past decade of manned spaceflight. We recruited five men and three women who had an Ommaya reservoir inserted for the delivery of prophylactic central nervous system chemotherapy, but were free of their malignant disease for at least 1 year. ICP was assessed by placing a fluid-filled 25 ga butterfly needle into the Ommaya reservoir...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089339/discovery-of-a-murine-model-of-clinical-pah-mission-impossible
#13
REVIEW
Zhiyu Dai, You-Yang Zhao
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a lung vascular disease characterized with a progressive increase of pulmonary vascular resistance and obliterative pulmonary vascular remodeling resulting in right heart failure and premature death. In this brief review, we document the recent advances in identifying genetically modified murine models of PH, with a focus on the recent discovery of the mouse model of Tie2 Cre-mediated deletion of prolyl hydroxylase 2, which exhibits progressive obliterative vascular remodeling, severe PAH, and right heart failure, thus recapitulating many of the features of clinical PAH...
December 15, 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089222/-etiology-and-prognosis-of-the-eye-traumas-by-war-weapons-in-the-senegalese-army
#14
S M Seck, M Diakhaté, M N Ndiaye Sow, M Dieng, G Agboton, N N Guèye
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work is to identify the main weapons causing eye injuries during the campaigns of the Senegalese army in the south of the country, as well as the prognosis of these traumas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is retrospective and concerns soldiers wounded by the weapons of war during the exercise of their mission within the Senegalese armed forces of 1991 in 2005. They are mainly soldiers affected in the south of the country during a war, clashes with the rebels or in Guinea-Bissau during operation Gabou in 1998...
January 11, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086876/fulfillment-of-administrative-and-professional-obligations-of-hospitals-and-mission-motivation-of-physicians
#15
Jeroen Trybou, Paul Gemmel, Sebastian Desmidt, Lieven Annemans
BACKGROUND: To be successful, hospitals must increasingly collaborate with their medical staff. One strategic tool that plays an important role is the mission statement of hospitals. The goal of this research was to study the relationship between the fulfillment of administrative and professional obligations of hospitals on physicians' motivation to contribute to the mission of the hospital. Furthermore the mediating role of the physicians' emotional attachment to the hospital and moderation effect of the exchange with the head physicians were considered...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081027/physician-burnout-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-pm-r-should-we-focus-more-on-physiatrists-mission
#16
Julie K Silver, Saurabha Bhatnagar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080254/wellness-and-multiple-sclerosis-the-national-ms-society-establishes-a-wellness-research-working-group-and-research-priorities
#17
Robert W Motl, Ellen M Mowry, Dawn M Ehde, Nicholas G LaRocca, Kathy E Smith, Kathleen Costello, Lynne Shinto, Alexander V Ng, Amy B Sullivan, Barbara Giesser, Kevin K McCully, Bo Fernhall, Malachy Bishop, Matthew Plow, Patrizia Casaccia, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have identified "wellness" and associated behaviors as a high priority based on "social media listening" undertaken by the National MS Society (i.e. the Society). OBJECTIVE: The Society recently convened a group that consisted of researchers with experience in MS and wellness-related research, Society staff members, and an individual with MS for developing recommendations regarding a wellness research agenda. METHOD: The members of the group engaged in focal reviews and discussions involving the state of science within three approaches for promoting wellness in MS, namely diet, exercise, and emotional wellness...
January 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080122/continuing-our-organizational-mission-a-new-name-for-a-new-time
#18
Deborah Klein Walker, Ryan P Kilmer, Mary I Armstrong
This editorial explains the need for a new name for the American Orthopsychiatric Association (ORTHO). As ORTHO continues their work into the 21st century, they want to better reflect their global membership and focus, increasing the number of partnerships with individuals and organizations, and commitment to a just society. Therefore, ORTHO is changing their name to the Global Alliance for Behavioral Health and Social Justice. It is crucial to underscore that, although the organizations name is changing, the values and principles that inform their work will remain the same...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079971/au-la2-ti2-o7-nanostructures-sensitized-with-black-phosphorous-for-plasmon-enhanced-photocatalytic-hydrogen-production-in-visible-and-near-infrared-light
#19
Mingshan Zhu, Xiaoyan Cai, Mamoru Fujitsuka, Junying Zhang, Tetsuro Majima
Efficient utilization of solar energy is a high-priority target and the search for suitable materials as photocatalysts that not only can harvest the broad wavelength of solar light, from UV to near-infrared (NIR) region, but also can achieve high and efficient solar-to-hydrogen conversion is one of the most challenging missions. Herein, using Au/La2 Ti2 O7 (BP-Au/LTO) sensitized with black phosphorus (BP), a broadband solar response photocatalyst was designed and used as efficient photocatalyst for H2 production...
January 12, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079222/infrared-characterisation-of-acetonitrile-and-propionitrile-aerosols-under-titan-s-atmospheric-conditions
#20
C Ennis, R Auchettl, M Ruzi, E G Robertson
Pure, crystalline acetonitrile (CH3CN) and propionitrile (CH3CH2CN) particles were formed in a collisional cooling cell allowing for infrared (IR) signatures to be compiled from 50 to 5000 cm(-1). The cell temperature and pressure conditions were controlled to simulate Titan's lower atmosphere (80-130 K and 1-100 mbar), allowing for the comparison of laboratory data to the spectra obtained from the Cassini-Huygens mission. The far-IR features confirmed the morphology of CH3CN aerosols as the metastable β-phase (monoclinic) ice, however, a specific crystalline phase for CH3CH2CN could not be verified...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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