keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

missions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#1
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333198/response-of-pacific-sector-antarctic-ice-shelves-to-the-el-ni%C3%A3-o-southern-oscillation
#2
F S Paolo, L Padman, H A Fricker, S Adusumilli, S Howard, M R Siegfried
Satellite observations over the past two decades have revealed increasing loss of grounded ice in West Antarctica, associated with floating ice shelves that have been thinning. Thinning reduces an ice-shelf's ability to restrain grounded-ice discharge, yet our understanding of the climate processes that drive mass changes is limited. Here, we use ice-shelf height data from four satellite altimeter missions (1994-2017) to show a direct link between ice-shelf-height variability in the Antarctic Pacific sector and changes in regional atmospheric circulation driven by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation...
January 2018: Nature Geoscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332539/whole-body-oxygen-16o-ion-exposure-induced-impairments-in-social-odor-recognition-memory-in-rats-are-dose-and-time-dependent
#3
Ami Mange, Yuqing Cao, SiYuan Zhang, Robert D Hienz, Catherine M Davis
Future long-duration space missions will involve travel outside of the Earth's magnetosphere, which will result in increased radiation exposure for astronauts. Exposure could permanently damage multiple tissues, including the central nervous system (CNS), and result in deleterious effects on cognition and behavior during and beyond the mission. Here, we assessed the effects of whole-body oxygen ion (16O; 1,000 MeV/n) exposure (5 or 25 cGy) on social odor recognition memory in male Long-Evans rats at one and six months after exposure...
January 13, 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329334/ensemble-learning-method-for-the-prediction-of-new-bioactive-molecules
#4
Lateefat Temitope Afolabi, Faisal Saeed, Haslinda Hashim, Olutomilayo Olayemi Petinrin
Pharmacologically active molecules can provide remedies for a range of different illnesses and infections. Therefore, the search for such bioactive molecules has been an enduring mission. As such, there is a need to employ a more suitable, reliable, and robust classification method for enhancing the prediction of the existence of new bioactive molecules. In this paper, we adopt a recently developed combination of different boosting methods (Adaboost) for the prediction of new bioactive molecules. We conducted the research experiments utilizing the widely used MDL Drug Data Report (MDDR) database...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328682/brief-report-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infections-in-u-s-air-force-basic-military-trainees-who-donated-blood-2013-2016
#5
Douglas F Taylor, Ryan S Cho, Jason F Okulicz, Bryant J Webber, John G Gancayco
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) can cause significant morbidity in military service members. Prevalences of HBV and HCV infections among military recruits accessioning into the U.S. Air Force have not previously been described. The Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland Blood Donor Center was queried for the results of HBV and HCV screening tests among all basic military trainees who donated blood between 25 November 2013 and 16 April 2016. Other active and reserve component members were excluded...
December 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328119/standoff-ultracompact-micro-raman-sensor-for-planetary-surface-explorations
#6
M Nurul Abedin, Arthur T Bradley, Anupam K Misra, Yingxin Bai, Glenn D Hines, Shiv K Sharma
We report the development of an innovative standoff ultracompact micro-Raman instrument that would solve some of the limitations of traditional micro-Raman systems to provide a superior instrument for future NASA missions. This active remote sensor system, based on a 532 nm laser and a miniature spectrometer, is capable of inspection and identification of minerals, organics, and biogenic materials within several centimeters (2-20 cm) at a high 10 μm resolution. The sensor system is based on inelastic (Raman) light scattering and laser-induced fluorescence...
January 1, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327060/optical-coherence-tomography-analysis-of-the-optic-nerve-head-and-surrounding-structures-in-long-duration-international-space-station-astronauts
#7
Nimesh Patel, Anastas Pass, Sara Mason, Charles R Gibson, Christian Otto
Importance: After long-duration spaceflight, morphological changes in the optic nerve head (ONH) and surrounding tissues have been reported. Objective: To develop methods to quantify ONH and surrounding tissue changes using preflight and postflight optical coherence tomographic scans of the ONH region. Design, Setting, and Participants: Two separate analyses were done on retrospective data, with the first comparing a preflight group with a control group, followed by preflight to postflight analysis...
January 11, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326250/earth-scientists-list-top-priorities-for-space-missions
#8
Paul Voosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325574/applied-global-health-diplomacy-profile-of-health-diplomats-accredited-to-the-united-states-and-foreign-governments
#9
Matthew D Brown, Julie N Bergmann, Thomas E Novotny, Tim K Mackey
BACKGROUND: Global health diplomacy (GHD) is a burgeoning field bridging the priorities of global health and foreign affairs. Given the increasing need to mobilize disparate global health stakeholders coupled with the need to design complex public health partnerships to tackle issues of international concern, effective and timely cooperation among state actors is critical. Health Attachés represent this coordination focal point and are key diplomatic professionals at the forefront of GHD...
January 11, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324941/adolescent-health-promotion-based-on-community-centered-arts-education
#10
Anny Giselly Milhome da Costa Farre, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Maria Dalva Dos Santos Alves, Estela Maria Leite Meirelles Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of arts education to health promotion of adolescents in situations of urban social vulnerability. METHOD: Participatory evaluative research, with a qualitative approach, using as a reference the theoretical constructs of Paulo Freire's Conscientization and the Empowerment Evaluation as a method of collecting with adolescents and teachers of an arts education program in the field of the Family Health Strategy. RESULTS: Participants constructed a collective mission that represented the concept of adolescent health promotion...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321597/microbial-habitability-of-europa-sustained-by-radioactive-sources
#11
Thiago Altair, Marcio G B de Avellar, Fabio Rodrigues, Douglas Galante
There is an increasing interest in the icy moons of the Solar System due to their potential habitability and as targets for future exploratory missions, which include astrobiological goals. Several studies have reported new results describing the details of these moons' geological settings; however, there is still a lack of information regarding the deep subsurface environment of the moons. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the microbial habitability of Europa constrained by terrestrial analogue environments and sustained by radioactive energy provided by natural unstable isotopes...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320302/federal-right-to-try-legislation-threatening-the-fda-s-public-health-mission
#12
Steven Joffe, Holly Fernandez Lynch
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the gatekeeper of the country’s drugs and medical devices. Originally created to prevent the misleading of patients, it was later tasked with ensuring the safety of medical products. In 1962, Congress expanded the FDA’s mandate again, requiring it to..
January 10, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319150/report-on-paediatric-care-in-the-moroccan-military-mission-in-the-gaza-strip
#13
Abdelhakim Elyajouri, Rachid Abilkacem, Aomar Agadr
This report aims to describe the epidemiologic findings of the workload associated with paediatric consultation of the Moroccan Military field hospital in the Gaza Strip. The patient Administration System and Biostatistics Activity database was reviewed and queried for all patients < 15 years of age who were consulted in the Moroccan Army hospital in the Gaza Strip between November 2012 to February 2013. Paediatric consultations during the study period were 7420 (19.9%) out of 37 227 consultations. The largest proportion of children were from 2 to 13 years old (3066 of 7420 children; 41...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317681/the-effect-of-gravity-on-flame-spread-over-pmma-cylinders
#14
Shmuel Link, Xinyan Huang, Carlos Fernandez-Pello, Sandra Olson, Paul Ferkul
Fire safety is a concern in space travel, particularly with the current plans of increasing the length of the manned space missions, and of using spacecraft atmospheres different than in Earth, such as microgravity, low-velocity gas flow, low pressure and elevated oxygen concentration. In this work, the spread of flame over a thermoplastic polymer, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), was conducted in the International Space Station and on Earth. The tests consisted of determining the opposed flame spread rate over PMMA cylinders under low-flow velocities ranging from 0...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317437/infant-feeding-practices-among-hiv-exposed-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-in-bomet-county-kenya-an-in-depth-qualitative-study-of-feeding-choices
#15
Purity Chepkorir Lang'at, Irene Ogada, Audrey Steenbeek, Noni E MacDonald, Sophie Ochola, Wesley Bor, Godfrey Odinga
BACKGROUND: In children, HIV can be acquired from the mother during pregnancy, delivery and through breast milk. The WHO recommends exclusive breast feeding or exclusive replacement feeding for the first 6 months after birth for HIV-exposed infants. Barriers such as HIV-related stigma, inadequate resources, lack of access to safe water and negative cultural beliefs have been shown to influence infant feeding among HIV-exposed infants in some settings. In Kenya, there is limited literature on the barriers...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317239/protective-effect-of-mitochondrial-targeted-antioxidant-mitoq-against-iron-ion-56fe-radiation-induced-brain-injury-in-mice
#16
Lu Gan, Zhenhua Wang, Jing Si, Rong Zhou, Chao Sun, Yang Liu, Yancheng Ye, Yanshan Zhang, Zhiyuan Liu, Hong Zhang
Exposure to iron ion 56Fe radiation (IR) during space missions poses a significant risk to the central nervous system and radiation exposure is intimately linked to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). MitoQ is a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant that has been shown to decrease oxidative damage and lower mitochondrial ROS in a number of animal models. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate role of the mitochondrial targeted antioxidant MitoQ against 56Fe particle irradiation-induced oxidative damage and mitochondria dysfunction in the mouse brains...
January 6, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316649/%C3%A2-cat-3-mots-nanosatellite-mission-for-optical-multispectral-and-gnss-r-earth-observation-concept-and-analysis
#17
Jordi Castellví, Adriano Camps, Jordi Corbera, Ramon Alamús
The ³Cat-3/MOTS (3: Cube, Cat: Catalunya, 3: 3rd CubeSat mission/Missió Observació Terra Satèl·lit) mission is a joint initiative between the Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya (ICGC) and the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech (UPC) to foster innovative Earth Observation (EO) techniques based on data fusion of Global Navigation Satellite Systems Reflectometry (GNSS-R) and optical payloads. It is based on a 6U CubeSat platform, roughly a 10 cm × 20 cm × 30 cm parallelepiped...
January 6, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316451/an-innovative-model-to-coordinate-healthcare-and-social-services-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-a-mixed-methods-case-study-of-maryland-s-medicaid-health-home-program
#18
Emma E McGinty, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Sarah Linden, Seema Choksy, Elizabeth Stone, Gail L Daumit
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a case study examining implementation of Maryland's Medicaid health home program, a unique model for integration of behavioral, somatic, and social services for people with serious mental illness (SMI) in the psychiatric rehabilitation program setting. METHOD: We conducted interviews and surveys with health home leaders (N=72) and front-line staff (N=627) representing 46 of the 48 total health home programs active during the November 2015-December 2016 study period...
December 16, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316356/plasma-zinc-levels-in-ecuadorian-mothers-of-infants-with-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-with-or-without-cleft-palate-a-case-series
#19
Miguel Ángel Jara-Palacios, Angélica Carolina Cornejo, Camila Narváez-Caicedo, Gabriela Moreano, Karla Patricia Vásquez, Cristina Moreno-Izquierdo, Natalia Romero-Sandoval
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported an association between maternal zinc deficiency and increased risk of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) in offspring. A high prevalence of zinc deficiency and a high prevalence of NSCL/P have been reported in Ecuador. We postulated that mothers of infants with NSCL/P may have lower serum zinc levels than women from the general population. METHODS: A case series study was conducted from November 2013 to July 2016...
January 8, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313768/from-longshot-to-fantasy-obligations-to-pediatric-patients-and-families-when-last-ditch-medical-efforts-fail
#20
Elliott Mark Weiss, Autumn Fiester
Clinicians at quaternary centers see part of their mission as providing hope when others cannot. They tend to see sicker patients with more complex disease processes. Part of this mission is offering longshot treatment modalities that are unlikely to achieve their stated goal, but conceivably could. When patients embark on such a treatment plan, it may fail. Often treatment toward an initial goal continues beyond the point at which such a goal is feasible. We explore the progression of care from longshot to fantasy using two pediatric cases...
January 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
keyword
keyword
54870
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"