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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333652/survivability-modeling-and-resource-planning-for-self-repairing-reconfigurable-device-fabrics
#1
Rashad S Oreifej, Rawad Al-Haddad, Ramtin Zand, Rizwan A Ashraf, Ronald F DeMara
A resilient system design problem is formulated as the quantification of uncommitted reconfigurable resources required for a system of components to survive its lifetime within mission availability specifications. We show that this survivability metric can be calculated according to the residual functionality obtained from pools of dynamically configurable elements constituting the amorphous resource pool (ARP). The ARP is depleted based on the failure rate to replenish the functionality lost in a reconfigurable fabric due to the occurrence of permanent faults during the mission lifetime...
March 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328395/viewing-telehealth-through-the-lens-of-a-community-benefit-mission
#2
Cynthia LeRouge, Kristin D Wilson, Ryan Sterling, Julie Trocchio
INTRODUCTION: This article reviews the intersection of common objectives between telehealth initiatives launched by health systems and community health (specifically community benefit). Telehealth initiatives can benefit communities and play a potential role in improving population health. There is great opportunity to better integrate telehealth activities into community health strategies and community benefit reporting (for nonprofit hospitals) while building the case for telehealth service expansion...
March 2, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327047/sucrose-for-analgesia-in-newborn-infants-undergoing-painful-procedures
#3
Erin Matsuda
statement The mission of the Cochrane Nursing Care Field (CNCF) is to improve health outcomes through increasing the use of the Cochrane Library and supporting Cochrane's role by providing an evidence base for nurses and healthcare professionals who deliver, lead or research nursing care. The CNCF produces Cochrane Corner columns, summaries of recent nursing-care-relevant Cochrane Reviews that are regularly published in collaborating nursing-related journals. Information on the processes CNCF has developed can be accessed at: cncf...
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326963/the-stillbirth-classification-system-for-the-safe-passage-study
#4
Theonia K Boyd, Colleen A Wright, Hein J Odendaal, Amy J Elliott, Mary Ann Sens, Rebecca D Folkerth, Drucilla J Roberts, Hannah C Kinney
Objective Describe the classification system for assigning the cause of stillbirth in the Safe Passage Study, an international, multi-institutional, prospective analysis conducted by the NIAAA/NICHD-funded Prenatal Alcohol in SIDS and Stillbirth (PASS) Research Network. The study mission is to determine the role of prenatal alcohol and/or cigarette smoke exposure in adverse pregnancy outcomes, including stillbirth, in a high-risk cohort of 12,000 maternal/fetal dyads. Methods The PASS Network classification system is based upon 5 "sites of origin" for cause of stillbirth, further subdivided into mechanism subcategories; both are employed to assign an ultimate cause of death...
March 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326651/current-activities-and-future-directions-of-comprehensive-hepatitis-control-measures-in-japan-a-supportive-role-of-hepatitis-information-center-in-building-a-solid-foundation
#5
Noriko Oza, Hiroshi Isoda, Toshiki Ono, Tatsuya Kanto
In Japan, hepatitis B or C virus infection has been a major health issue. For the prevention of liver-related deaths, multifaceted strategies have been taken against hepatitis virus. In Fiscal Year (FY) 2002, nationwide screening for hepatitis was started as a part of health examinations provided by municipal governments. From FY2007, the hepatitis treatment network has been strengthened by the nationwide establishment of regional government-based hepatitis treatment systems, comprising linked regional core centers, specialized institutions for hepatitis treatment, primary care physicians and regional governments...
March 21, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325997/a-comprehensive-approach-in-high-grade-glioma-management-position-statement-from-the-neuro-oncology-scientific-club-nosc-shiraz-iran
#6
REVIEW
Mansour Ansari, Ahmad Mosalaei, Niloufar Ahmadloo, Alireza Rasekhi, Bita Geramizadeh, Ali Razmkon, Kazem Anvari, Mohammad Afarid, Ali Dadras, Leila Nafarieh, Mohammad Mohammadianpanah, Hamid Nasrolahi, Seyed Hasan Hamedi, Shapour Omidvari, Mohammad Nami
Establishing a robust teamwork model in the practice of neuro-oncology requires continued interdisciplinary efforts. The Neuro-Oncology Scientific Club (NOSC) initiative is an interdisciplinary clinical forum promoting the comprehensive approach across involved disciplines in the management of central nervous system (CNS) malignancies. With its provincial founding panels and national steering board, NOSC has been operational in Iran since 2011. This initiative has pursued its mission through interval strategic meetings, tumor boards, case discussions as well as publishing neuro-oncology updates, case study periodicals, and newsletters...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323583/pilots-attention-distributions-between-chasing-a-moving-target-and-a-stationary-target
#7
Wen-Chin Li, Chung-San Yu, Graham Braithwaite, Matthew Greaves
INTRODUCTION: Attention plays a central role in cognitive processing; ineffective attention may induce accidents in flight operations. The objective of the current research was to examine military pilots' attention distributions between chasing a moving target and a stationary target. METHOD: In the current research, 37 mission-ready F-16 pilots participated. Subjects' eye movements were collected by a portable head-mounted eye-tracker during tactical training in a flight simulator...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323456/stratosphere-conditions-inactivate-bacterial-endospores-from-a-mars-spacecraft-assembly-facility
#8
Christina L Khodadad, Gregory M Wong, Leandro M James, Prital J Thakrar, Michael A Lane, John A Catechis, David J Smith
Every spacecraft sent to Mars is allowed to land viable microbial bioburden, including hardy endospore-forming bacteria resistant to environmental extremes. Earth's stratosphere is severely cold, dry, irradiated, and oligotrophic; it can be used as a stand-in location for predicting how stowaway microbes might respond to the martian surface. We launched E-MIST, a high-altitude NASA balloon payload on 10 October 2015 carrying known quantities of viable Bacillus pumilus SAFR-032 (4.07 × 10(7) spores per sample), a radiation-tolerant strain collected from a spacecraft assembly facility...
March 21, 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322654/answering-wicked-questions
#9
Robert Topp, Patricia E Hershberger, Marilyn Bratt
Nursing associate professors frequently are confronted with increasing responsibilities and fewer resources. These challenges commonly contribute to declines in job satisfaction and may result in departing academe. This article addresses these challenges by providing answers to four common "wicked questions" experienced by nursing associate professors: (a) How do I decline a request from a supervisor to take on additional responsibilities while continuing to support the mission of the school and advance my own scholarly productivity? (b) How do I handle the workload of multiple doctoral students with a variety of content areas that are different from my own and maintain my own level of productivity? (c) How do I handle expectations for more service, and leadership for the school, university, and professional organizations, yet the teaching and research responsibilities have not changed or have increased? and (d) What are some additional tips to being a more productive nursing associate professor?...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322324/high-temperature-near-field-nanothermomechanical-rectification
#10
Mahmoud Elzouka, Sidy Ndao
Limited performance and reliability of electronic devices at extreme temperatures, intensive electromagnetic fields, and radiation found in space exploration missions (i.e., Venus &Jupiter planetary exploration, and heliophysics missions) and earth-based applications requires the development of alternative computing technologies. In the pursuit of alternative technologies, research efforts have looked into developing thermal memory and logic devices that use heat instead of electricity to perform computations...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321990/diabetes-news
#11
Abigail E Dove, Brian J Levine, Payal H Marathe, Helen X Gao, Kelly L Close
Approximately 100 experts in diabetes gathered for the JDRF Mission Summit in San Francisco, CA, USA from January 26-27, 2017. The meeting focused on upcoming advances in type 1 diabetes therapy, and attendees discussed ways to encourage greater investment in type 1 diabetes research to produce next-generation options for treatment.
March 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321806/patient-satisfaction-in-musculoskeletal-medicine
#12
REVIEW
Matthew J Smith, Theodore J Choma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This is a literature review of the measurement of patient satisfaction in musculoskeletal medicine. Its purpose is to better understand the motivation for such measurements, the potential confounders, and the potential physician behaviors that may modulate such measures. RECENT FINDINGS: There have been studies documenting that physician conveyance of empathy, the extent to which patients' expectations for pain control and timeliness of care are met, as well as patient demographics and health status all affect the current measures of patient satisfaction...
March 20, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321137/navigating-the-institutional-review-board-irb-process-for-pharmacy-related-research
#13
Marjorie Shaw Phillips, Osama Abdelghany, Susan Johnston, Rachel Rarus, Jennifer Austin-Szwak, Craig Kirkwood
Pharmacists' specialized training and knowledge qualify them to lead and engage in research pertaining to optimal medication use. Performing research promotes pharmacy professionalism and fosters interdisciplinary collaboration. To conduct research appropriately, one must have thorough knowledge of when institutional review board (IRB) approval is required and how to successfully navigate IRB processes. The overarching mission of the IRB overseeing research at an organization per federal guidelines is to protect the rights and welfare of human subjects participating in research...
February 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318989/first-report-of-using-portable-unmanned-aircraft-systems-drones-for-search-and-rescue
#14
Christopher Van Tilburg
Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), colloquially called drones, are used commonly for military, government, and civilian purposes, including both commercial and consumer applications. During a search and rescue mission in Oregon, a UAS was used to confirm a fatality in a slot canyon; this eliminated the need for a dangerous rappel at night by rescue personnel. A second search mission in Oregon used several UAS to clear terrain. This allowed search of areas that were not accessible or were difficult to clear by ground personnel...
March 16, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#15
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318294/school-psychology-quarterly-onward-and-upward
#16
Rich Gilman
The title of this editorial reflects the journal's pledge to adhere to the principles and mission of School Psychology Quarterly (the "onward" portion of the title). At the same time, the journal strives to move "upward," as maintaining the status quo is not in the journal's best interest. Changes to the design and structure of the journal (beginning with this issue) are but two of the most visible to enhance its visual "curb appeal" and to expand the scope of papers that would interest a wide group of readers-many of whom may not be aware of the overlap between their research and papers published in the journal...
March 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317095/evaluating-helicopter-emergency-medical-missions-a-reliability-study-of-the-hems-benefit-and-naca-scores
#17
L Raatiniemi, J Liisanantti, M Tommila, S Moilanen, P Ohtonen, M Martikainen, V Voipio, J Reitala, T Iirola
BACKGROUND: The benefits of the Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) and dispatch accuracy are continuously debated, and a widely accepted score to measure the benefits of the mission is lacking. The HEMS Benefit Score (HBS) has been used in Finnish helicopter emergency medical services, but studies are lacking. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) score is widely used to measure the severity of illness or injury in the pre-hospital setting, but it has many critics due to its subjectivity...
March 19, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314493/beyond-visas-and-vaccines-preparing-students-for-domestic-and-global-health-engagement
#18
EDITORIAL
Lisa V Adams, Anne N Sosin
At campuses across the United States, scores of students are embarking on global health experiences in low- and middle-income countries. The desire to improve the health of poor communities while preparing for future health careers is often the main driver. The spotlight on domestic health issues also has fueled a resurgence of interest in underserved communities in the United States. Regardless of the destination, rigorous preparation is needed to ensure that the students' presence benefits the communities they aim to serve...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314283/stable-shrna-silencing-of-lactate-dehydrogenase-a-ldha-in-human-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells-fails-to-alter-lactic-acid-production-glycolytic-activity-atp-or-survival
#19
Nzinga Mack, Elizabeth A Mazzio, David Bauer, Hernan Flores-Rozas, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND: In the US, African Americans have a high death rate from triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), characterized by lack of hormone receptors (ER, PR, HER2/ERRB2) which are otherwise valuable targets of chemotherapy. There is a need to identify novel targets that negatively impact TNBC tumorigenesis. TNBCs release an abundance of lactic acid, under normoxic, hypoxic and hyperoxic conditions; this referred to as the Warburg effect. Accumulated lactic acid sustains peri-cellular acidity which propels metastatic invasion and malignant aggressive transformation...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302750/the-clinical-frailty-scale-upgrade-your-eyeball-test
#20
Jonathan Afilalo
With the emergence of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) as a therapeutic option to treat high-risk older adults suffering from aortic stenosis, the geriatric concept of frailty has assumed mainstream relevance for cardiovascular practitioners. We have eagerly adopted tools to objectify the definition of frailty and accordingly discern good and bad candidates among a pool of complex octogenarians with multiple chronic conditions - a daunting yet mission-critical task. Initial studies published during the first half of this decade revealed that frailty status was one of the top predictors of mid-term mortality and incident disability after TAVR1, leading to its integration in clinical care pathways and predictive risk models...
March 16, 2017: Circulation
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