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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719002/eyeslam-real-time-simultaneous-localization-and-mapping-of-retinal-vessels-during-intraocular-microsurgery
#1
Daniel Braun, Sungwook Yang, Joseph N Martel, Cameron N Riviere, Brian C Becker
BACKGROUND: Fast and accurate mapping and localization of the retinal vasculature is critical to increasing the effectiveness and clinical utility of robot-assisted intraocular microsurgery such as laser photocoagulation and retinal vessel cannulation. METHODS: The proposed EyeSLAM algorithm delivers 30 Hz real-time simultaneous localization and mapping of the human retina and vasculature during intraocular surgery, combining fast vessel detection with 2D scan-matching techniques to build and localize a probabilistic map of the vasculature...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718690/predictors-of-short-term-and-long-term-incontinence-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#2
I-Hung Shao, Ying-Hsu Chang, Chun-Ming Hou, Zheng-Feng Lin, Chun-Te Wu
Purpose To determine retrospectively the prognostic factors for urinary incontinence following robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Methods Altogether, 180 patients with localized prostate cancer underwent RARP (same surgeon). Preoperative physical status, disease characteristics, laboratory findings, and surgical technique were recorded and the patients checked 1, 6, 12, and 24 months after RARP regarding their contribution to predicting post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence (PPI). Results Overall, 114 (63...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718165/surgical-techniques-to-optimize-early-urinary-continence-recovery-post-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-for-prostate-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Ashwin N Sridhar, Mohammed Abozaid, Prabhakar Rajan, Prasanna Sooriakumaran, Greg Shaw, Senthil Nathan, John D Kelly, Tim P Briggs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A variety of different surgical techniques are thought to impact on urinary continence (UC) recovery in patients undergoing robot assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for prostate cancer. Herein, we review current evidence and propose a composite evidence-based technique to optimize UC recovery after RARP. RECENT FINDINGS: A literature search on studies reporting on surgical techniques to improve early continence recovery post robotic prostatectomy was conducted on PubMed and EMBASE...
September 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718162/robotic-sacrocolpopexy-is-it-the-treatment-of-choice-for-advanced-apical-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#4
REVIEW
Janine L Oliver, Ja-Hong Kim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a highly prevalent condition among women that, although non-life threatening, can significantly impact daily activities and quality of life (QOL). Sacrocolpopexy (SC) has been touted by many as the "gold standard," citing superior anatomic success rates compared to transvaginal approaches for apical prolapse repair. In line with current trends throughout the surgical field, robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (RSC) has rapidly gained popularity...
September 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717275/initial-experience-of-robotic-nephron-sparing-surgery-in-cases-of-high-renal-nephrometry-scores
#5
Girdhar S Bora, Ravimohan S Mavuduru, Aditya P Sharma, Sudheer K Devana, Nandita Kakkar, Anupam Lal, Shrawan K Singh, Arup K Mandal
INTRODUCTION: The renal nephrometry scoring (RNS) system enables prediction the feasibility of nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) in renal masses. There is insufficient data regarding the outcome of robot-assisted NSS in tumors with RNS ≥10. We reviewed the trifecta outcomes of patients undergoing robotic NSS with high RNS and compare it with tumors of low and intermediate RNS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our prospectively maintained data of all robot-assisted NSS were reviewed, and those with RNS of ≥10 were identified...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714618/-robotic-cardiac-surgery
#6
Jorge Sierra, Nadia Lahlaidi Sierra, Michel Montessuit, Marek Bednarkiewicz
Cardiac surgery has evolved towards less traumatic procedures. Minimal invasive cardiac surgery is a well-established technic offering patients the same level of excellence accomplished with open surgery. Technological evolution has lead to robotic assistance for minimal invasive cardiac surgery, helping surgeons to perform even better in cardiac repairs or reconstructions.
March 1, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#7
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713694/gasless-trans-axillary-robotic-thyroidectomy-the-technique-and-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Hassan A Alzahrani, Khuzema Mohsin, Daniah Bu Ali, Fadi Murad, Emad Kandil
Robot assisted thyroid surgery has the advantage of a superior field vision and technical advancements of robotic technology that have permitted novel remote access thyroid surgical approaches. Gasless trans-axillary robot-assisted thyroidectomy has been proved to be among the most current feasible approaches. This approach offers an excellent cosmetic outcome, with comparable outcomes to conventional surgical approaches. This review aims to provide details of this specific remote access technique for thyroid resection with most recent evidences in the literature...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713693/gasless-trans-axillary-robotic-thyroidectomy-the-introduction-and-principle
#9
REVIEW
Patrick Aïdan, Maroun Bechara
A historic review of the main stages of evolution of the minimally-invasive techniques in thyroid surgery. The endoscopic era is divided into direct and indirect approaches. Examples are the minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) and the minimally invasive lateral approach. The indirect approach is divided into transaxillary and chest/breast incisions. A brief historic review of the advent of robots to the medical and mainly surgical field. And finally, an introduction to transaxillary robotic thyroidectomy...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713296/affective-and-engagement-issues-in-the-conception-and-assessment-of-a-robot-assisted-psychomotor-therapy-for-persons-with-dementia
#10
Natacha Rouaix, Laure Retru-Chavastel, Anne-Sophie Rigaud, Clotilde Monnet, Hermine Lenoir, Maribel Pino
The interest in robot-assisted therapies (RAT) for dementia care has grown steadily in recent years. However, RAT using humanoid robots is still a novel practice for which the adhesion mechanisms, indications and benefits remain unclear. Also, little is known about how the robot's behavioral and affective style might promote engagement of persons with dementia (PwD) in RAT. The present study sought to investigate the use of a humanoid robot in a psychomotor therapy for PwD. We examined the robot's potential to engage participants in the intervention and its effect on their emotional state...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712012/development-of-an-mr-compatible-hand-exoskeleton-that-is-capable-of-providing-interactive-robotic-rehabilitation-during-fmri-imaging
#11
Sangjoon J Kim, Yeongjin Kim, Hyosang Lee, Pouya Ghasemlou, Jung Kim
Following advances in robotic rehabilitation, there have been many efforts to investigate the recovery process and effectiveness of robotic rehabilitation procedures through monitoring the activation status of the brain. This work presents the development of a two degree-of-freedom (DoF) magnetic resonance (MR)-compatible hand device that can perform robotic rehabilitation procedures inside an fMRI scanner. The device is capable of providing real-time monitoring of the joint angle, angular velocity, and joint force produced by the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints of four fingers...
July 15, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711762/olgilvie-s-syndrome-after-robotic-assisted-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervical-cancer
#12
Theofano Orfanelli, Stephanie Chung, Adrian Kohut, Darlene Gibbon, Aliza Leiser
The Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (ACPO), also known as Ogilvie's syndrome, is defined by a poor peristaltic activity of the colon that mimics mechanical obstruction in the absence of any mechanical occlusive gut lesion. This case report is the first to be published on ACPO following a robotic- assisted radical hysterectomy. Since robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery has become the next major stage of advancement for a range of operations especially in gynecologic oncology surgery, this report emphasizes the importance of recognizing precipitating factors associated with this syndrome, including minimally invasive surgery...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711290/biopsies-of-pediatric-brainstem-lesions-display-low-morbidity-but-strong-impact-on-further-treatment-decisions
#13
Johanna Quick-Weller, Stephanie Tritt, Bedjan Behmanesh, Michel Mittelbronn, Andrea Spyrantis, Nazife Dinc, Lutz Weise, Volker Seifert, Gerhard Marquardt, Thomas M Freiman
OBJECTIVE: The course of malignant brain stem gliomas in childhood is rarely positive. Because of limited therapeutic options and potentially hazardous biopsies oncologist often relay on MRI diagnoses only for further therapy decisions. In this study we show that brain stem biopsies display a low morbidity rate and neuropathological assessment has a considerable impact on further treatment decision. METHODS: Within 18-months five children with brainstem symptoms and the radiological diagnosis of a malignant brainstem glioma, were identified...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710845/chitosan-membranes-application-on-the-prostatic-neurovascular-bundles-following-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-a-phase-ii-study
#14
F Porpiglia, R Bertolo, C Fiori, M Manfredi, S De Cillis, S Geuna
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and the safety of the application of chitosan membranes on the neuro-vascular bundles after nerve-sparing Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP). The secondary aim of the study was to report preliminary data and more particularly potency recovery data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-center, single-arm prospective study. Enrolment from July 2015 to September 2016 of all patients with localized prostate cancer scheduled for RARP with IIEF-5 score > 17 after San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital Ethics Committee (Orbassano) approval (80/2015) and patient's acceptance...
July 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708632/innovating-with-rehabilitation-technology-in-the-real-world-promises-potentials-and-perspectives
#15
Karen Sui Geok Chua, Christopher Wee Keong Kuah
In this article, we discuss robotic-assisted therapy as an emerging and significant field of clinical rehabilitation and its value proposition for innovating rehabilitation clinical practice. Attempts to achieve integration among clinicians' practices and bioengineers' machines often generate new challenges and controversies. To date, the literature is indicative of a sizeable number and variety of robotic devices in the field of clinical rehabilitation, some are commercially available; however, large-scale clinical outcomes are less positive than expected...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707211/high-accuracy-drilling-with-an-image-guided-light-weight-robot-autonomous-versus-intuitive-feed-control
#16
Sebastian Tauscher, Alexander Fuchs, Fabian Baier, Lüder A Kahrs, Tobias Ortmaier
PURPOSE: Assistance of robotic systems in the operating room promises higher accuracy and, hence, demanding surgical interventions become realisable (e.g. the direct cochlear access). Additionally, an intuitive user interface is crucial for the use of robots in surgery. Torque sensors in the joints can be employed for intuitive interaction concepts. Regarding the accuracy, they lead to a lower structural stiffness and, thus, to an additional error source. The aim of this contribution is to examine, if an accuracy needed for demanding interventions can be achieved by such a system or not...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707149/long-term-quality-of-life-and-outcomes-following-robotic-assisted-tapp-inguinal-hernia-repair
#17
Andrew Iraniha, Joshua Peloquin
Laparoscopic TAPP inguinal hernia repair is an established alternative to open hernia repair, which offers equivalent outcomes with less postoperative pain and faster recovery. Unfortunately, it remains technically challenging, requiring advanced laparoscopic skills which have limited its popularity among surgeons. The robotic platform has the potential to overcome these challenges. The objective of this study was to examine the long-term quality of life and outcomes following robotic assisted TAPP inguinal hernia repair, since these data have not been reported up to now...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705170/can-lokomat-therapy-with-children-and-adolescents-be-improved-an-adaptive-clinical-pilot-trial-comparing-guidance-force-path-control-and-freed
#18
Tabea Aurich-Schuler, Fabienne Grob, Hubertus J A van Hedel, Rob Labruyère
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted gait therapy is increasingly being used in pediatric neurorehabilitation to complement conventional physical therapy. The robotic device applied in this study, the Lokomat (Hocoma AG, Switzerland), uses a position control mode (Guidance Force), where exact positions of the knee and hip joints throughout the gait cycle are stipulated. Such a mode has two disadvantages: Movement variability is restricted, and patients tend to walk passively. Kinematic variability and active participation, however, are crucial for motor learning...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704209/robotic-hand-assisted-training-for-spinal-cord-injury-driven-by-myoelectric-pattern-recognition-a-case-report
#19
Zhiyuan Lu, Kai-Yu Tong, Henry Shin, Argyrios Stampas, Ping Zhou
A 51-year-old man with an incomplete C6 spinal cord injury sustained 26 yrs ago attended twenty 2-hr visits over 10 wks for robot-assisted hand training driven by myoelectric pattern recognition. In each visit, his right hand was assisted to perform motions by an exoskeleton robot, while the robot was triggered by his own motion intentions. The hand robot was designed for this study, which can perform six kinds of motions, including hand closing/opening; thumb, index finger, and middle finger closing/opening; and middle, ring, and little fingers closing/opening...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702364/robotic-assisted-common-sheath-ureteroneocystostomy-of-an-injured-ectopic-ureter-diagnosed-in-the-acute-post-operative-setting-after-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#20
Matthew Rohloff, Cody Christensen, Thomas Maatman
Radical prostatectomies are one of the most commonly performed operations for the robotic urologist. When a rare anatomic anomaly leads to an unrecognized intraoperative injury, standard postoperative management becomes complicated. We present the case of a patient with an iatrogenic injury to an ectopic ureter that under went a robotic assisted common sheath ureteroneocystostomy three days post robotic assisted radical prostatectomy.
September 2017: Urology Case Reports
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