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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719809/assessing-participants-perceptions-on-group-based-principles-for-action-in-community-based-health-enhancing-physical-activity-programmes-the-apef-tool
#1
Marion Herens, Annemarie Wagemakers
In community-based health enhancing physical activity (CBHEPA) programmes, group-based principles for action such as active participation, enjoyment, and fostering group processes are widely advocated. However, not much is known about participants' perceptions of these principles as there are no assessment tools available. Therefore, this article describes the development of the APEF (Active Participation, Enjoyment, and Fostering group processes) tool and reports on its implementation in a Dutch CBHEPA programme...
July 4, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719767/capacity-of-commune-health-stations-in-chi-linh-district-hai-duong-province-for-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases
#2
Nguyen Thi Thuy Nga, Bui Thi My Anh, Nguyen Nguyen Ngoc, Dang Minh Diem, Vu Duy Kien, Tran Bich Phuong, Tran Quynh Anh, Hoang Van Minh
The primary health care system in Vietnam has been playing an important role in prevention and control of diseases. This study aimed to describe the capacity of commune health stations in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong province for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). A mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative approaches) approach was applied to collect data in 20 commune health stations. The participants, including health workers, stakeholders, and patients with NCDs, were selected for the study...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719479/a-simulation-based-quality-improvement-initiative-improves-pediatric-readiness-in-community-hospitals
#3
Travis Whitfill, Marcie Gawel, Marc Auerbach
BACKGROUND: The National Pediatric Readiness Project Pediatric Readiness Survey (PRS) measured pediatric readiness in 4149 US emergency departments (EDs) and noted an average score of 69 on a 100-point scale. This readiness score consists of 6 domains: coordination of pediatric patient care (19/100), physician/nurse staffing and training (10/100), quality improvement activities (7/100), patient safety initiatives (14/100), policies and procedures (17/100), and availability of pediatric equipment (33/100)...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719246/disparities-in-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-among-transgender-gender-nonconforming-and-sexual-minority-primary-care-patients
#4
Sarah E Valentine, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Dana S King, Conall O'Cleirigh, Samantha M Marquez, Cara Presley, Jennifer Potter
PURPOSE: We investigated the odds of intimate partner violence (IPV) among primary care patients across subgroups of transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals relative to cisgender women, and cisgender sexual minority men and women relative to cisgender heterosexual men and women. METHODS: Participants completed an IPV screener as part of routine primary care visits at an urban community health center (N = 7572). Electronic medical record data were pooled for all patients who received the IPV screener January 1 to December 31, 2014...
July 18, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719050/thai-people-living-with-tuberculosis-and-how-they-adhere-to-treatment-a-grounded-theory-study
#5
Jiraporn Choowong, Per Tillgren, Maja Söderbäck
To develop a conceptual framework of adherence to treatment among Thai people living with tuberculosis, a grounded theory approach was used. A purposive sample of 20 Thai people living with tuberculosis, aged from 23 to 85 years, was interviewed. From the participants' perspective, a core category of social belonging was highlighted, with three categories of conditions connected: personal barriers, personal resilience, and social facilitation. Personal barriers encompassed fear of stigma, concealing the illness, and lack of knowledge and motivation to complete the treatment regime...
July 18, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718299/felt-age-desired-and-expected-lifetime-in-the-context-of-health-well-being-and-successful-aging
#6
Neala Ambrosi-Randić, Marina Nekić, Ivana Tucak Junaković
This study examines the interrelations of three different aspects of the subjective age: felt, desired and expected, as well as their relations with the chronological age (CA), health, and psychological well-being variables. Four hundred and twenty-three community-dwelling Croatian adults, aged 60-95 years, participated in the study. All three subjective age measures significantly correlated with the CA. Self-rated health were better predictors of the subjective age compared to the psychological variables. Among psychological variables, successful aging was the only significant predictor of the felt and expected age, while optimism showed to be the only significant predictor of the desired age...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717816/prospective-associations-of-low-muscle-mass-and-function-with-10-year-falls-risk-incident-fracture-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
S Balogun, T Winzenberg, K Wills, D Scott, G Jones, D Aitken, M L Callisaya
OBJECTIVES: Purpose: To compare the performance of low muscle mass and function with falls risk, incident fracture and mortality over 10 years. METHODS: 1041 participants (50% women; mean age 63±7.5 years) were prospectively followed for 10 years. Falls risk was measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment, fractures were self-reported and mortality was ascertained from the death registry. Appendicular lean mass (ALM) was assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717807/vitamin-d-status-and-prevalent-early-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-african-americans-and-caucasians-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#8
A E Millen, J Nie, M W Sahli, J A Mares, K J Meyers, B E K Klein, M J LaMonte, P L Lutsey, C A Andrews, R Klein
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D status has been hypothesized to protect against development of early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) via its anti-inflammatory properties and its possible beneficial influence on blood pressure control. We investigated the association between vitamin D status and prevalent early AMD in a community-based cohort. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: This was a secondary data analysis of already existing data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC) cohort collected from 1990 to 1995...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717755/innovative-breast-cancer-awareness-and-advocacy-campaign
#9
Omolola Salako, Alero A Roberts, Victor I Isibor, Oluwatimilehin Babatunde, Omolara Fatiregun, Chukwumere N Nwogu
Breast cancer is a major disease in Nigeria; in 2012, 27,304 new occurrences were diagnosed, and the number of mortalities was 13,960. Greater than 70% of patients present with advanced disease, which has a poor survival outcome. The mortality rates are high mainly because of a lack of awareness about breast health, screening guidelines, and treatment centers, and because of sociocultural barriers. In Nigeria, health care professionals remain the backbone for the provision of medical information to the public...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717749/perceptions-and-barriers-of-survivorship-care-in-asia-perceptions-from-asian-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
Alexandre Chan, Zheng Kang Lum, Terence Ng, Tewodros Eyob, Xiao Jun Wang, Jung-Woo Chae, Sreemanee Dorajoo, Maung Shwe, Yan Xiang Gan, Rose Fok, Kiley Wei-Jen Loh, Yee Pin Tan, Gilbert Fan
PURPOSE: With the long-term goal to optimize post-treatment cancer care in Asia, we conducted a qualitative study to gather in-depth descriptions from multiethnic Asian breast cancer survivors on their perceptions and experiences of cancer survivorship and their perceived barriers to post-treatment follow-up. METHODS: Twenty-four breast cancer survivors in Singapore participated in six structured focus group discussions. The focus group discussions were voice recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed by thematic analysis...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717418/a-novel-community-driven-software-for-functional-enrichment-analysis-of-extracellular-vesicles-data
#11
Mohashin Pathan, Shivakumar Keerthikumar, David Chisanga, Riccardo Alessandro, Ching-Seng Ang, Philip Askenase, Arsen O Batagov, Alberto Benito-Martin, Giovanni Camussi, Aled Clayton, Federica Collino, Dolores Di Vizio, Juan Manuel Falcon-Perez, Pedro Fonseca, Pamali Fonseka, Simona Fontana, Yong Song Gho, An Hendrix, Esther Nolte-'t Hoen, Nunzio Iraci, Kenneth Kastaniegaard, Thomas Kislinger, Joanna Kowal, Igor V Kurochkin, Tommaso Leonardi, Yaxuan Liang, Alicia Llorente, Taral R Lunavat, Sayantan Maji, Francesca Monteleone, Anders Øverbye, Theocharis Panaretakis, Tushar Patel, Héctor Peinado, Stefano Pluchino, Simona Principe, Goran Ronquist, Felix Royo, Susmita Sahoo, Cristiana Spinelli, Allan Stensballe, Clotilde Théry, Martijn J C van Herwijnen, Marca Wauben, Joanne L Welton, Kening Zhao, Suresh Mathivanan
Bioinformatics tools are imperative for the in depth analysis of heterogeneous high-throughput data. Most of the software tools are developed by specific laboratories or groups or companies wherein they are designed to perform the required analysis for the group. However, such software tools may fail to capture "what the community needs in a tool". Here, we describe a novel community-driven approach to build a comprehensive functional enrichment analysis tool. Using the existing FunRich tool as a template, we invited researchers to request additional features and/or changes...
2017: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716999/improving-recognition-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-qualitative-study-in-a-community-clinic
#12
Annabelle Machin, Samantha Hider, Nicky Dale, Carolyn Chew-Graham
BACKGROUND: Comorbid anxiety and depression are common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but are often under-recognised and treated, contributing to worse outcomes. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends that patients with RA should be offered a holistic annual review, including an assessment of mood. AIM: To explore patients' perspectives of anxiety and depression in RA and preferences for disclosure and management of mood problems...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716992/blood-pressure-trajectories-and-the-risk-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-and-cerebral-infarction-a-prospective-study
#13
Weijuan Li, Cheng Jin, Anand Vaidya, Yuntao Wu, Kathryn Rexrode, Xiaoming Zheng, Mahmut E Gurol, Chaoran Ma, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
The association between long-term blood pressure (BP) patterns in community-dwelling adults and risk of intracerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction is not well characterized. This prospective study included 79 385 participants, free of stroke, myocardial infarction, and cancer in or before 2010 (baseline). Systolic BP trajectories were identified using latent mixture modeling with data from 2006, 2008, and 2010. Incident cases of intracerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction occurred during 2010 to 2014, confirmed by review of medical records, by 3 physicians...
July 17, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716971/2015-revised-utstein-style-recommended-guidelines-for-uniform-reporting-of-data-from-drowning-related-resuscitation-an-ilcor-advisory-statement
#14
REVIEW
Ahamed H Idris, Joost J L M Bierens, Gavin D Perkins, Volker Wenzel, Vinay Nadkarni, Peter Morley, David S Warner, Alexis Topjian, Allart M Venema, Christine M Branche, David Szpilman, Luiz Morizot-Leite, Masahiko Nitta, Bo Løfgren, Jonathon Webber, Jan-Thorsten Gräsner, Stephen B Beerman, Chun Song Youn, Ulrich Jost, Linda Quan, Cameron Dezfulian, Anthony J Handley, Mary Fran Hazinski
BACKGROUND: Utstein-style guidelines use an established consensus process, endorsed by the international resuscitation community, to facilitate and structure resuscitation research and publication. The first "Guidelines for Uniform Reporting of Data From Drowning" were published over a decade ago. During the intervening years, resuscitation science has advanced considerably, thus making revision of the guidelines timely. In particular, measurement of cardiopulmonary resuscitation elements and neurological outcomes reporting have advanced substantially...
July 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716771/an-intervention-using-gamification-to-increase-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-california-rationale-and-design-of-stick-to-it
#15
Christopher M Mejia, Daniel Acland, Raluca Buzdugan, Reva Grimball, Lauren Natoli, Mark R McGrath, Jeffrey D Klausner, Sandra I McCoy
BACKGROUND: In the United States, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) remain disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Although routine HIV/STI screening is pivotal to the timely diagnosis of HIV and STIs, initiation of appropriate treatment, and reduced onward disease transmission, repeat screening is underused. Novel interventions that incorporate elements of games, an approach known as gamification, have the potential to increase routinization of HIV/STI screening among YMSM...
July 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716717/big-gaba-edited-mr-spectroscopy-at-24-research-sites
#16
Mark Mikkelsen, Peter B Barker, Pallab K Bhattacharyya, Maiken K Brix, Pieter F Buur, Kim M Cecil, Kimberly L Chan, David Y-T Chen, Alexander R Craven, Koen Cuypers, Michael Dacko, Niall W Duncan, Ulrike Dydak, David A Edmondson, Gabriele Ende, Lars Ersland, Fei Gao, Ian Greenhouse, Ashley D Harris, Naying He, Stefanie Heba, Nigel Hoggard, Tun-Wei Hsu, Jacobus F A Jansen, Alayar Kangarlu, Thomas Lange, R Marc Lebel, Yan Li, Chien-Yuan E Lin, Jy-Kang Liou, Jiing-Feng Lirng, Feng Liu, Ruoyun Ma, Celine Maes, Marta Moreno-Ortega, Scott O Murray, Sean Noah, Ralph Noeske, Michael D Noseworthy, Georg Oeltzschner, James J Prisciandaro, Nicolaas A J Puts, Timothy P L Roberts, Markus Sack, Napapon Sailasuta, Muhammad G Saleh, Michael-Paul Schallmo, Nicholas Simard, Stephan P Swinnen, Martin Tegenthoff, Peter Truong, Guangbin Wang, Iain D Wilkinson, Hans-Jörg Wittsack, Hongmin Xu, Fuhua Yan, Chencheng Zhang, Vadim Zipunnikov, Helge J Zöllner, Richard A E Edden
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is the only biomedical imaging method that can noninvasively detect endogenous signals from the neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the human brain. Its increasing popularity has been aided by improvements in scanner hardware and acquisition methodology, as well as by broader access to pulse sequences that can selectively detect GABA, in particular J-difference spectral editing sequences. Nevertheless, implementations of GABA-edited MRS remain diverse across research sites, making comparisons between studies challenging...
July 14, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716677/incidence-of-active-tuberculosis-in-individuals-with-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-rural-china-follow-up-results-of-a-population-based-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Lei Gao, Xiangwei Li, Jianmin Liu, Xinhua Wang, Wei Lu, Liqiong Bai, Henan Xin, Haoran Zhang, Hengjing Li, Zongde Zhang, Yu Ma, Mufei Li, Boxuan Feng, Jiang Du, Hongtao Sui, Rong Zhao, Haoxiang Su, Shouguo Pan, Ling Guan, Fei Shen, Jian He, Shumin Yang, Hongyan Si, Xu Cheng, Zuhui Xu, Yunhong Tan, Tianzhu Chen, Weiguo Xu, Hong Peng, Zhijian Wang, Tao Zhu, Xiaoyou Chen, Xinhua Zhou, Xueling Guan, Qi Jin
BACKGROUND: The management of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is a new priority action for the WHO End Tuberculosis (TB) Strategy. However, national guidelines on latent tuberculosis infection testing and treatment have not yet been developed in China. Here, we present the results from the 2-year follow-up of a study that aimed to track the development of active disease in individuals with latent tuberculosis infection, identify priority populations for latent infection management, and explore the most suitable latent infection diagnostic approach...
July 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716636/a-simplified-clinical-prediction-rule-for-prognosticating-independent-walking-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-prospective-study-from-a-canadian-multicenter-spinal-cord-injury-registry
#18
Katharine E Hicks, Yichen Zhao, Nader Fallah, Carly Rivers, Vanessa Noonan, Tova Plashkes, Eugene K Wai, Darren M Roffey, Eve Tsai, Jerome Paquet, Najmedden Attabib, Travis Marion, Henry Ahn, Philippe Phan
BACKGROUND: Context: Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating condition with limited treatment options for neurological or functional recovery. The ability to predict the prognosis of walking post-injury with emerging prediction models could aid in rehabilitation strategies and reintegration into the community. PURPOSE: To re-validate an existing clinical prediction model for independent ambulation (van Middendorp et al. 2011) utilising acute and long-term post-injury follow-up data, and to investigate the accuracy of a simplified model using prospectively collected data from a Canadian multicenter SCI database, the Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Injury Registry (RHSCIR)...
July 14, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716618/evaluation-of-a-video-based-seminar-to-raise-healthcare-professionals-awareness-of-culturally-sensitive-end-of-life-care
#19
Dulce M Cruz-Oliver, Theodore K Malmstrom, Michael Roegner, Gwen Yeo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a newly developed telenovela, or video soap opera, on healthcare professionals (HCP)' awareness of caregivers' stress and patients' cultural approaches to end-of-life (EOL) care decisions. METHODS: A multi-center cross-sectional study among three communities in New York, Miami and Missouri. Participants from a convenience sample of multidisciplinary HCP were randomly assigned to view power point presentation with either a control-video or an intervention-telenovela about caregiving as part of a one- hour audiovisual seminar and completed a pre-posttest questionnaire to evaluate reaction and learning...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716579/urinary-nnal-in-hookah-smokers-and-non-smokers-after-attending-a-hookah-social-event-in-a-hookah-lounge-or-a-private-home
#20
Nada O F Kassem, Noura O Kassem, Sandy Liles, Sheila R Jackson, Dale A Chatfield, Peyton Jacob, Neal L Benowitz, Melbourne F Hovell
Tobacco smoking and exposure to tobacco secondhand smoke (SHS) can cause lung cancer. We determined uptake of NNK (4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone), a tobacco specific potent pulmonary carcinogen, in hookah smokers and non-smokers exposed to hookah tobacco SHS. We analyzed data from a community-based convenience sample of 201 of adult (aged ≥18 years) exclusive hookah smokers (n = 99) and non-smokers (n = 102) residing in San Diego County, California. Participants spent an average of three consecutive hours indoors, in hookah lounges or private homes, where hookah tobacco was smoked exclusively...
July 14, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
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