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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091798/intake-of-up-to-3-eggs-day-increases-hdl-cholesterol-and-plasma-choline-while-plasma-trimethylamine-n-oxide-is-unchanged-in-a-healthy-population
#1
Diana M DiMarco, Amanda Missimer, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Bruno S Lemos, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Christopher N Blesso, Maria Luz Fernandez
Eggs are a source of cholesterol and choline and may impact plasma lipids and trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) concentrations, which are biomarkers for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Therefore, the effects of increasing egg intake (0, 1, 2, and 3 eggs/day) on these and other CVD risk biomarkers were evaluated in a young, healthy population. Thirty-eight subjects [19 men/19 women, 24.1 ± 2.2 years, body mass index (BMI) 24.3 ± 2.5 kg/m(2)] participated in this 14-week crossover intervention. Participants underwent a 2-week washout with no egg consumption, followed by intake of 1, 2, and 3 eggs/day for 4 weeks each...
January 13, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091441/process-and-outcome-measures-of-quality-of-care-at-the-diabetes-outpatient-clinic-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#2
J O Adeleye, M A Kuti
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess the quality of care provided at a diabetes outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital in Nigeria using quality indicators approved by the National Diabetes Quality Improvement Alliance (NDQIA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients who had visited the clinic at least two times within a 12 months period preceding the index visit were reviewed during a 5 month period. Process measure indicators, approved by the NDQIA (evaluating the functioning of the clinic) and outcome measures, published by the American Diabetes Association, (evaluating the health status of the attending patients) were retrieved from the medical records...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088188/incidence-and-predictors-of-left-ventricular-remodeling-among-elderly-asian-women-a-community-based-cohort-study
#3
Jing Wu, Caiqin Wu, Wenjing Fan, Jie Zhou, Ling Xu
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is closely linked to the progression of heart failure. There are limited data on the epidemiology of new onset LV remodeling among elderly women, which requires further investigation. METHOD: We examined data from a community-based cohort of women aged > 65 years, who had received > 2 echocardiography scans from 2009 to 2014. Exclusion criteria for patients included prior echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular enlargement (LVE) or hypertrophy (LVH)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086872/dapagliflozin-decreases-small-dense-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-increases-high-density-lipoprotein-2-cholesterol-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-comparison-with-sitagliptin
#4
Toshiyuki Hayashi, Tomoyasu Fukui, Noriko Nakanishi, Saki Yamamoto, Masako Tomoyasu, Anna Osamura, Makoto Ohara, Takeshi Yamamoto, Yasuki Ito, Tsutomu Hirano
BACKGROUND: The sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been reported to increase both low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C). This study aimed to determine how SGLT-2 inhibitors affect LDL and HDL-C subspecies. METHODS: This single center, open-label, randomized, prospective study included 80 patients with type 2 diabetes taking prescribed oral hypoglycemic agents. Patients were allocated to receive dapagliflozin (n = 40) or sitagliptin (n = 40) as add-on treatment...
January 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078862/a-placebo-controlled-trial-of-a-proprietary-lipid-lowering-nutraceutical-supplement-in-the-management-of-dyslipidemia
#5
M Houston, R Rountree, J Lamb, S Phipps, S Meng, B Zhang
There is an ever growing emergence in the popularity of patient-driven care. As this health and wellness model grows, inquiries into diet, lifestyle, and supplemental approaches will continue to become a focal point for the healthcare consumer. Because of this, the aim of this study is to determine the tolerability, and overall effectiveness of a proprietary multi-ingredient lipid-lowering supplement in subjects with dyslipidemia. Forty participants were recruited for a single-center, double-blind randomized, placebocontrolled trial...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074304/evaluation-of-endothelial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-the-relationship-between-the-levels-of-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-and-endocan-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-endothelium-dependent-vasodilation
#6
Veysel Ozalper, Muammer Kara, Alpaslan Tanoglu, Ibrahim Cetındaglı, Coskun Ozturker, Yusuf Hancerlı, Serdar Hıra, Kemal Kara, Yavuz Beyazıt, Yusuf Yazgan
It has been suggested that there is an ongoing subclinical inflammation in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients also in attack-free periods as well. Due to this ongoing inflammation, endothelial dysfunction (ED) may develop. Previously, ED has been suggested to increase the risk of the atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Endocan is recognized as a specific molecule of the endothelium and has been shown to increase in some cases associated with inflammation. However, there is not sufficient data whether those with FMF could develop ED in the early period of life...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073603/relationship-between-serum-selenium-sociodemographic-variables-other-trace-elements-and-lipid-profile-in-an-adult-spanish-population
#7
Montserrat González-Estecha, Irene Palazón-Bru, Andrés Bodas-Pinedo, Elena Trasobares, Antonio Palazón-Bru, Manuel Fuentes, M Ángeles Cuadrado-Cenzual, Elpidio Calvo-Manuel
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown an inverse relationship between selenium status and cardiovascular health, although epidemiologic evidence yielded by the randomized trials did not find a beneficial effect of selenium administration. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between serum selenium levels and lipid profile adjusted by age, sex and other associated factors among a general adult population in Spain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 372 hospital employee volunteers (60 men and 312 women) with a mean age of 47 (SD: 10...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072688/factors-associated-with-unattained-ldl-cholesterol-goals-in-chinese-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-one-year-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#8
Wenduo Zhang, Fusui Ji, Xue Yu, Xinyue Wang
Reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) to target ≤1.81 mmol/L is a common therapeutic goal after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study aimed to examine the factors associated with reaching or not this LDL-C target after 1 year of optimal statin therapy postpercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This was a retrospective study of 633 consecutive prospectively enrolled patients with ACS treated between January 2011 and December 2012 at the Beijing Hospital (China). All patients were treated with PCI and statins for 1 year...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071756/association-between-reductions-in-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-with-statin-therapy-and-the-risk-of-new-onset-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#9
Shaohua Wang, Rongrong Cai, Yang Yuan, Zac Varghese, John Moorhead, Xiong Z Ruan
A recent meta-analysis demonstrated that statin therapy was associated with a risk of diabetes. The present study investigated whether the relative reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) was a good indicator of the risk of new-onset diabetes. We searched the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register, Lilacs, Food and Drug Administration, and European Medicines Agency databases for randomized controlled trials of statins. Fourteen trials were included in the study. Eight trials with target LDL-c levels ≤100 mg/dL (2...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069536/m2-macrophages-infusion-ameliorates-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-by-remodeling-inflammatory-macrophages-homeostasis-in-obese-mice
#10
Qi Zhang, Haojie Hao, Zongyan Xie, Yu Cheng, Yaqi Yin, Min Xie, Hong Huang, Jieqing Gao, Hongyu Liu, Chuan Tong, Li Zang, Yiming Mu, Weidong Han
OBJECTIVE: The role of M2 macrophages infusion in dealing with obesity is still little known. In this study, the therapeutic effects of M2 macrophages infusion were investigated. METHODS: High fat diet (HFD) was used to induce obesity in C57BL/6N mice. 5 × 10(5) M2 macrophages, derived from the bone marrow, were injected into obese mice through the tail vein twice with an interval of one week. RESULTS: One week after the second injection, weight of inguinal adipose pad was significantly decreased...
January 6, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064554/evaluating-bempedoic-acid-for-the-treatment-of-hyperlipidaemia
#11
Peter Penson, Mary McGowan, Maciej Banach
Despite the effectiveness of statins in the treatment of lipid disorders, residual risk still exists, and hitherto studies where additional drugs were added to statin therapy have been mainly negative or the outcomes were very modest. Therefore there is still a need for new and effective oral agents in the combination therapy of lipid disorders. Areas Covered: The review covers the current state of knowledge on the mechanism of action of bempedoic acid (ETC-1002) and results from recent clinical studies. Expert Opinion: ETC-1002 is a novel oral lipid-lowering therapy...
January 9, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064282/high-carbohydrate-low-fat-diet-induced-gender-specific-serum-lipid-profile-changes-are-associated-with-lepr-polymorphisms-in-chinese-youth
#12
Hui Tang, Zhen Zhang, ZhengKe Li, Jia Lin, Ding Zhi Fang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to investigate the interactions of genetic variants in the leptin receptor (LEPR) gene with lipid profile changes following a high-carbohydrate/low-fat (HC/LF) diet in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: Fifty-six healthy young subjects were given washout diets, followed by HC/LF diets consisting of 15% fat and 70% carbohydrate for 6 days. Serum lipid profiles and insulin levels before and after HC/LF diets were analyzed. RESULTS: Statistically elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-I), and insulin levels were only observed in the GG genotype of LEPR Lys109Arg but not in the A carriers after HC/LF diet...
January 7, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060539/bococizumab-for-the-treatment-of-hypercholesterolaemia
#13
Nicola Ferri, Alberto Corsini, Cesare R Sirtori, Massimiliano Ruscica
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) remains a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). LDL-C levels are considered primary targets of therapy. A new series of systemic biomolecules, the monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), have a higher activity in reducing LDL-C. Areas Covered: The authors critically review the current evidence on the efficacy and safety of bococizumab, a humanized mAb against PCSK9, which was surprisingly discontinued in November 2016...
January 6, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059952/atp-citrate-lyase-genetics-molecular-biology-and-therapeutic-target-for-dyslipidemia
#14
Amy C Burke, Murray W Huff
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) has re-emerged as a drug target for LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering. We review ACLY as a therapeutic strategy, its genetics, its molecular and cellular biology, and also its inhibition. RECENT FINDINGS: ACLY is a critical enzyme linking glucose catabolism to lipogenesis by providing acetyl-CoA from mitochondrial citrate for fatty acid and cholesterol biosynthesis. Human genetic variants have been associated with enhanced growth and survival of several cancers, and with attenuated plasma triglyceride responses to dietary fish oil...
January 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057134/-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-prevalence-of-stroke-and-risk-factors-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-people-in-beijing
#15
X B Zhang, W H Yan, J Zhang, H M Li, Y M Mu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of stroke and risk factors for stroke in middle-aged and elderly population in Beijing. Methods: A population based cross sectional survey was conducted among 19 145 subjects (males: 6 732; females: 12 413) aged ≥40 years from 3 communities in Shijingshan district of Beijing from November 2011 to August 2012. The information of subjects' demographic characteristics, lifestyle and histories of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidemia were collected. The oral glucose tolerance test or a standard meal test was performed...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057114/-a-case-control-study-on-the-association-between-serum-lipid-level-and-the-risk-of-breast-cancer
#16
L J Wei, C Zhang, H Zhang, X Wei, S X Li, J T Liu, X B Ren
Objective: To examine the association between serum lipids, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and the risk and progression of breast cancer in postmenopausal and premenopausal women. Methods: A review analysis of female patients who underwent breast cancer surgery and blood lipid metabolism testing in Tianjin One Hospital, from January 2013 to October 2013, was performed. A total of 1 081 patients were included in the final analysis...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057086/diagnostic-value-of-microrna-143-in-predicting-in-stent-restenosis-for-patients-with-lower-extremity-arterial-occlusive-disease
#17
Zhi-Hai Yu, Hai-Tao Wang, Can Tu
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to explore the diagnostic value of microRNA-143 (miRNA-143) in predicting in-stent restenosis (ISR) of lower extremity arterial occlusive disease (LEAOD). METHODS: From February 2012 to March 2015, 165 patients (112 males and 53 females) with LEAOD undergoing interventional treatment were enrolled in this study. Serum miRNA-143 expression was detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Patients were assigned into the restenosis and non-restenosis groups according to routine surveillance postoperative angiography...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057081/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-co-administration-of-fimasartan-and-rosuvastatin-to-patients-with-hypertension-and-dyslipidemia
#18
Moo-Yong Rhee, Taehoon Ahn, Kiyuk Chang, Shung Chull Chae, Tae-Hyun Yang, Wan Joo Shim, Tae Soo Kang, Jae-Kean Ryu, Deuk-Young Nah, Tae-Ho Park, In-Ho Chae, Seung Woo Park, Hae-Young Lee, Seung-Jea Tahk, Young Won Yoon, Chi Young Shim, Dong-Gu Shin, Hong Seog Seo, Sung Yun Lee, Doo Il Kim, Jun Kwan, Seung-Jae Joo, Myung Ho Jeong, Jin-Ok Jeong, Ki Chul Sung, Seok Yeon Kim, Sang-Hyun Kim, Kook-Jin Chun, Dong Joo Oh
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and dyslipidemia are major risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the co-administration of fimasartan and rosuvastatin in patients with hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: We conducted a randomized double-blind and parallel-group trial. Patients who met eligible criteria after 4 weeks of therapeutic life change were randomly assigned to the following groups...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056980/association-of-the-sptlc3-rs364585-polymorphism-and-serum-lipid-profiles-in-two-chinese-ethnic-groups
#19
Qing-Hui Zhang, Rui-Xing Yin, Hui Gao, Feng Huang, Jin-Zhen Wu, Shang-Ling Pan, Wei-Xiong Lin, De-Zhai Yang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of rs364585 near serine palmitoyl-transferase long-chain base subunit 3 gene (SPTLC3) and serum lipid profiles. The present study was detected the association of the SPTLC3 rs364585 SNP and several environmental factors with serum lipid profiles in the Han and Jing populations. METHODS: Genotyping of the SPTLC3 rs364585 SNP was performed in 824 unrelated individuals of Han and 783 participants of Jing by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing...
January 5, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056802/is-non-hdl-cholesterol-a-better-predictor-of-long-term-outcome-in-patients-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-compared-to-ldl-cholesterol-a-retrospective-study
#20
Wanwarang Wongcharoen, Satjatham Sutthiwutthichai, Siriluck Gunaparn, Arintaya Phrommintikul
BACKGROUND: It has recently been shown that non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) may be a better predictor of cardiovascular risk than low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Based on known ethic differences in lipid parameters and cardiovascular risk prediction, we sought to study the predictability of attaining non-HDL-C target and long-term major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) in Thai patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) compared to attaining LDL-C target...
January 5, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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