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Stress in emergency services workers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452962/the-role-of-resiliency-and-coping-strategies-in-occurrence-of-positive-changes-in-medical-rescue-workers
#1
Nina Ogińska-Bulik, Magdalena Zadworna-Cieślak
BACKGROUND: Working in the emergency services entails exposure to traumatic events; however, their effects can be both negative and positive. Among the factors determining posttraumatic growth (PTG) after an experienced trauma are the personal resources and coping strategies. The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of resiliency and coping strategies with stress in posttraumatic growth in a group of medical rescue workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 80 male medical rescuers who have experienced traumatic event in their worksite were analyzed...
February 13, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432402/performance-under-stress-conditions-during-multidisciplinary-team-immersive-pediatric-simulations
#2
Daniel Aiham Ghazali, Ivan Darmian-Rafei, Stéphanie Ragot, Denis Oriot
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine whether technical and nontechnical performances were in some way correlated during immersive simulation. Performance was measured among French Emergency Medical Service workers at an individual and a team level. Secondary objectives were to assess stress response through collection of physiologic markers (salivary cortisol, heart rate, the proportion derived by dividing the number of interval differences of successive normal-to-normal intervals > 50 ms by the total number of normal-to-normal intervals [pNN50], low- and high-frequency ratio) and affective data (self-reported stress, confidence, and dissatisfaction), and to correlate them to performance scores...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403417/development-of-a-work-climate-scale-in-emergency-health-services
#3
Susana Sanduvete-Chaves, José A Lozano-Lozano, Salvador Chacón-Moscoso, Francisco P Holgado-Tello
An adequate work climate fosters productivity in organizations and increases employee satisfaction. Workers in emergency health services (EHS) have an extremely high degree of responsibility and consequent stress. Therefore, it is essential to foster a good work climate in this context. Despite this, scales with a full study of their psychometric properties (i.e., validity evidence based on test content, internal structure and relations to other variables, and reliability) are not available to measure work climate in EHS specifically...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324079/shorter-versus-longer-shift-durations-to-mitigate-fatigue-and-fatigue-related-risks-in-emergency-medical-services-personnel-and-related-shift-workers-a-systematic-review
#4
P Daniel Patterson, Michael S Runyon, J Stephen Higgins, Matthew D Weaver, Ellen M Teasley, Andrew J Kroemer, Margaret E Matthews, Brett R Curtis, Katharyn L Flickinger, Xiaoshuang Xun, Zhadyra Bizhanova, Patricia M Weiss, Joseph P Condle, Megan L Renn, Denisse J Sequeira, Patrick J Coppler, Eddy S Lang, Christian Martin-Gill
BACKGROUND: This study comprehensively reviewed the literature on the impact of shorter versus longer shifts on critical and important outcomes for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel and related shift worker groups. METHODS: Six databases (e.g., PubMed/MEDLINE) were searched, including one website. This search was guided by a research question developed by an expert panel a priori and registered with the PROSPERO database of systematic reviews (2016:CRD42016040099)...
February 15, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324059/effect-of-fatigue-training-on-safety-fatigue-and-sleep-in-emergency-medical-services-personnel-and-other-shift-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Laura K Barger, Michael S Runyon, Megan L Renn, Charity G Moore, Patricia M Weiss, Joseph P Condle, Katharyn L Flickinger, Ayushi A Divecha, Patrick J Coppler, Denisse J Sequeira, Eddy S Lang, J Stephen Higgins, P Daniel Patterson
BACKGROUND: Fatigue training may be an effective way to mitigate fatigue-related risk. We aimed to critically review and synthesize existing literature on the impact of fatigue training on fatigue-related outcomes for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel and similar shift worker groups. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review for studies that tested the impact of fatigue training of EMS personnel or similar shift workers. Outcomes of interest included personnel safety, patient safety, personnel performance, acute fatigue, indicators of sleep duration and quality, indicators of long-term health (e...
February 15, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062596/exploring-the-psychological-health-of-emergency-dispatch-centre-operatives-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#6
Sarah E Golding, Claire Horsfield, Annette Davies, Bernadette Egan, Martyn Jones, Mary Raleigh, Patricia Schofield, Allison Squires, Kath Start, Tom Quinn, Mark Cropley
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to investigate and synthesize available evidence relating to the psychological health of Emergency Dispatch Centre (EDC) operatives, and to identify key stressors experienced by EDC operatives. METHODS: Eight electronic databases (Embase, PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, PsycArticles, The Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, and Google Scholar) were searched. All study designs were included, and no date limits were set...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043785/elevated-exposures-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-other-organic-mutagens-in-ottawa-firefighters-participating-in-emergency-on-shift-fire-suppression
#7
Jennifer L A Keir, Umme S Akhtar, David M J Matschke, Tracy L Kirkham, Hing Man Chan, Pierre Ayotte, Paul A White, Jules M Blais
Occupational exposures to combustion emissions were examined in Ottawa Fire Service (OFS) firefighters. Paired urine and dermal wipe samples (i.e., pre- and post-event) as well as personal air samples and fire event questionnaires were collected from 27 male OFS firefighters. A total of 18 OFS office workers were used as additional controls. Exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and other organic mutagens were assessed by quantification of urinary PAH metabolite levels, levels of PAHs in dermal wipes and personal air samples, and urinary mutagenicity using the Salmonella mutagenicity assay (Ames test)...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970654/the-association-of-psychological-empowerment-and-job-burnout-in-operational-staff-of-tehran-emergency-center
#8
Aram Ghaniyoun, Khosro Shakeri, Mohammad Heidari
BACKGROUND: Workers in social service professions are the first candidates for job burnout. The researchers believe this is due to daily exposure to stressful situations and lack of positive conditions in the workplace. It seems that psychological empowerment of staff can affect their job burnout. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and job burnout in operational staff of emergency center. METHODS: This was a descriptive correlational study...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904912/assessment-of-anxiety-level-of-emergency-health-care-workers-by-generalized-anxiety-disorder-7-tool
#9
Nesrin Alharthy, Osama Abdulrahman Alrajeh, Mohammed Almutairi, Ahmed Alhajri
BACKGROUND: Dealing with emergency patients is considered to be a stressful situation to all health-care workers in the emergency department (ED). Prolonged stress predispose to physical and inconsequential psychiatric disturbances. Anxiety and depressive mode were found to be the most commonly experienced psychiatric manifestation among emergency health-care workers. The aim of this study is to screen and assess the severity of anxiety among health professionals working in ED. METHODS: Cross-sectional study design was used...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851280/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-its-predictors-in-emergency-medical-service-personnel-a-cross-sectional-study-from-karachi-pakistan
#10
Salima Mansoor Kerai, Uzma Rahim Khan, Muhammad Islam, Nargis Asad, Junaid Razzak, Omrana Pasha
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical service (EMS) personnel who work to provide emergency medical care at the scene and during transportation are exposed to various kinds of stressors and are particularly susceptible to developing stress-reactions. This study assesses symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and its predictors among the personnel of a selected EMS in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: Data were gathered from 518 personnel working in an EMS setting from February to May 2014...
August 29, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619858/ptsd-acute-stress-performance-and-decision-making-in-emergency-service-workers
#11
Cheryl Regehr, Vicki R LeBlanc
Despite research identifying high levels of stress and traumatic stress symptoms among those in the emergency services, the impact of these symptoms on performance and hence public safety remains uncertain. This review paper discusses a program of research that has examined the effects of prior critical incident exposure, acute stress, and current post-traumatic symptoms on the performance and decision-making during an acutely stressful event among police officers, police communicators, paramedics and child protection workers...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619081/burnout-among-workers-in-emergency-departments-in-palestinian-hospitals-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#12
Motasem Hamdan, Asma'a Abu Hamra
BACKGROUND: Working in Emergency Departments (EDs) entails high work pressure and stress due to witnessing human suffering and the unpredictable nature of the work. This environment puts personnel at risk of burnout. This analysis aims to assess burnout levels and associated risk factors among health workers in EDs in Palestinian hospitals. Also, it examines the association between burnout and workplace violence, as well as with job turnover. METHODS: Cross-sectional design utilising a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from all workers at 14 EDs; 8 from the West Bank and 6 from the Gaza Strip...
June 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582946/suicide-among-emergency-and-protective-service-workers-a-retrospective-mortality-study-in-australia-2001-to-2012
#13
A Milner, K Witt, H Maheen, A D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Emergency and protective services personnel (e.g., police, ambulance, fire-fighters, defence, prison and security officers) report elevated levels of job stress and health problems. While population-level research is lacking, there has been some research suggesting suicide rates may be elevated in emergency and protective services. OBJECTIVES: This paper compares suicide rates between emergency and protective services occupational groups over a 12-year period (2001-2012) in Australia...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535246/designing-smartphone-mental-health-applications-for-emergency-service-workers
#14
M Deady, D Peters, H Lang, R Calvo, N Glozier, H Christensen, S B Harvey
Background: Emergency service workers are often exposed to trauma and have increased risk of a range of mental health (MH) conditions. Smartphone applications have the potential to provide this group with effective psychological interventions; however, little is known about the acceptability and preferences regarding such initiatives. Aims: To describe the preferences and opinions of emergency service workers regarding the use of smartphone MH applications and to examine the impact of age on these preferences...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#15
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491307/better-sooner-more-convenient-the-reality-of-pursuing-greater-integration-between-primary-and-secondary-healthcare-providers-in-new-zealand
#16
Kirsten Lovelock, Greg Martin, Robin Gauld, Jayden MacRae
OBJECTIVES: This article focuses on the results of evaluations of two business plans developed in response to a policy initiative which aimed to achieve greater integration between primary and secondary health providers in New Zealand. We employ the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to inform our analysis. The Better, Sooner, More Convenient policy programme involved the development of business plans and, within each business plan, a range of areas of focus and associated work-streams...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419796/-third-working-conditions-and-health-survey-in-navarre-spain-main-findings
#17
Vega García
OBJECTIVE: To describe health problems and working conditions perceived by workers of Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Conduct of the Third Survey of Working Conditions and Health in Navarre. We administered the Seventh Spanish National Survey of Working Conditions questionnaire by personal interviews conducted in the workers' homes between October 2014 and December 2014, and using a three-stage stratified sampling approach, by economic activity, work establishment size and gender...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416042/earthquakes-fuel-crisis-power-outages-and-health-care-in-nepal-implications-for-the-future
#18
Bipin Adhikari, Shiva Raj Mishra, Sujan Babu Marahatta, Nils Kaehler, Kumar Paudel, Janak Adhikari, Shristi Raut
Earthquakes are a major natural calamity with pervasive effects on human life and nature. Similar effects are mimicked by man-made disasters such as fuel crises and power outages in developing countries. Natural and man-made disasters can cause intangible human suffering and often leave scars of lifelong psychosocial damage. Lessons from these disasters are frequently not implemented. The main objective of this study was to review the effects of the 2015 earthquakes, fuel crisis, and power outages on the health services of Nepal and formulate recommendations for the future...
April 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166745/unpredictability-dictates-quality-of-maternal-and-newborn-care-provision-in-rural-tanzania-a-qualitative-study-of-health-workers-perspectives
#19
Ulrika Baker, Farida Hassan, Claudia Hanson, Fatuma Manzi, Tanya Marchant, Stefan Swartling Peterson, Ingrid Hylander
BACKGROUND: Health workers are the key to realising the potential of improved quality of care for mothers and newborns in the weak health systems of Sub Saharan Africa. Their perspectives are fundamental to understand the effectiveness of existing improvement programs and to identify ways to strengthen future initiatives. The objective of this study was therefore to examine health worker perspectives of the conditions for maternal and newborn care provision and their perceptions of what constitutes good quality of care in rural Tanzanian health facilities...
February 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928982/hospitals-soft-target-for-terrorism
#20
Harald De Cauwer, Francis Somville, Marc Sabbe, Luc J Mortelmans
In recent years, the world has been rocked repeatedly by terrorist attacks. Arguably, the most remarkable were: the series of four coordinated suicide plane attacks on September 11, 2001 on buildings in New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, USA; and the recent series of two coordinated attacks in Brussels (Belgium), on March 22, 2016, involving two bombings at the departure hall of Brussels International Airport and a bombing at Maalbeek Metro Station located near the European Commission headquarters in the center of Brussels...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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