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Stress and coping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345677/relationships-of-work-related-psychosocial-risks-stress-individual-factors-and-burnout-questionnaire-survey-among-emergency-physicians-and-nurses
#1
Ivana M Ilić, Mirjana Ž Arandjelović, Jovica M Jovanović, Milkica M Nešić
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risks represent a great challenge for safety and health protection at work in Europe. The purpose of this study has been to determine the relationships of psychosocial risks arising from work, stress, personal characteristics and burnout among physicians and nurses in the Emergency Medical Service (EMS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire survey which contained the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI)...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345528/genetic-and-psychosocial-factors-for-benzodiazepine-addiction-an-analysis-based-on-the-results-of-the-authors-own-research-conducted-in-a-group-of-benzodiazepine-addicted-and-non-addicted-individuals
#2
Anna Konopka, Monika Mak, Anna Grzywacz, Sławomir Murawiec, Jerzy Samochowiec
PURPOSE: In spite of the fact that the addictive potential of benzodiazepine (BDZ) drugs has been known for a long time, benzodiazepine addiction remains a common problem for psychiatry to deal with. The etiology of benzodiazepine addiction is very complex. Among the risk factors, the course of the treatment, demographic status and psychological features of a patient seem to play an important role. The aim of this study was to investigate both psychological and genetic factors differentiating benzodiazepine addicts from non-addicted users...
March 13, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345311/relationships-among-sense-of-coherence-oral-health-status-nutritional-status-and-care-need-level-of-older-adults-according-to-path-analysis
#3
Nanae Dewake, Tomoko Hamasaki, Rie Sakai, Shima Yamada, Yuko Nima, Miki Tomoe, Satoko Kakuta, Masanori Iwasaki, Inho Soh, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Toshihiro Ansai
AIM: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a measurement of ability of an individual to cope with psychological stress and remain in good health. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships among SOC score, oral health status, nutritional status and care need level of older adults using path analysis. METHODS: We enrolled 53 older adults (17 men and 36 women) who were attending a day care service (mean age 80.4 ± 6.5 years). SOC was assessed using a 13-item, seven-scale instrument...
March 27, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345029/tidal-heat-pulses-on-a-reef-trigger-a-fine-tuned-transcriptional-response-in-corals-to-maintain-homeostasis
#4
Lupita J Ruiz-Jones, Stephen R Palumbi
For reef-building corals, extreme stress exposure can result in loss of endosymbionts, leaving colonies bleached. However, corals in some habitats are commonly exposed to natural cycles of sub-bleaching stress, often leading to higher stress tolerance. We monitored transcription in the tabletop coral Acropora hyacinthus daily for 17 days over a strong tidal cycle that included extreme temperature spikes, and show that increases in temperature above 30.5°C triggered a strong transcriptional response. The transcriptomic time series data allowed us to identify a set of genes with coordinated expression that were activated only on days with strong tides, high temperature, and large diel pH and oxygen changes...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344515/burnout-among-nurses-working-in-social-welfare-centers-for-the-disabled
#5
Eleni Lahana, Konstantina Papadopoulou, Olga Roumeliotou, Andreas Tsounis, Pavlos Sarafis, Dimitris Niakas
BACKGROUND: In the healthcare sector, we often come across the burnout syndrome. It is an occupational syndrome which causes, physical and emotional exhaustion. More information is needed on the dangers of burnout and how often it occurs in healthcare. The purpose of this study was to investigate burnout and factors associated with the syndrome among nurses working with people that are mentally challenged. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, among 180 nurses working in public health centers for the disabled in multiple regions of Greece...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343246/sex-differences-and-predictors-of-changes-in-body-weight-and-noncommunicable-diseases-in-a-random-newly-arrived-group-of-refugees-followed-for-two-years
#6
K-L Catherine Jen, Hikmet Jamil, Kequan Zhou, Karen Breejen, Bengt B Arnet
We have reported that none of the psychological/mental variables examined predicted the increase in BMI and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Iraqi refugees after 1 year resettlement in Michigan. We continuously followed the same cohort of refugees for 2 years (Y2 FU) to further determine the gender difference in predicting of increased BMI and NCDs. Only 20% of the BMI variability could be accounted for by the factors examined. Number of dependent children and depression were positively and stress negatively associated with BMI in male refugees but not in females...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342770/high-risk-no-gain-metabolic-performance-of-hatchery-reared-atlantic-salmon-smolts-effects-of-nest-emergence-time-hypoxia-avoidance-behaviour-and-size
#7
Malin Rosengren, Per-Ove Thörnqvist, Jörgen I Johnsson, Erik Sandblom, Svante Winberg, Kristina Sundell
When animals are reared for conservational releases it is paramount to avoid reducing genetic and phenotypic variation over time. This requires an understanding of how diverging behavioural and physiological traits affect performance both in captivity and after release. In Atlantic salmon, emergence time from the spawning gravel has been linked to certain behavioural and physiological characteristics and to the concept of stress coping styles. Early emerging fry has for example been shown to be bolder and more aggressive and to have higher standard metabolic rates compared to late emerging fry...
March 22, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341699/genomic-comparison-of-indigenous-african-and-northern-european-chickens-reveals-putative-mechanisms-of-stress-tolerance-related-to-environmental-selection-pressure
#8
Damarius S Fleming, Steffen Weigend, Henner Simianer, Annett Weigend, Max Rothschild, Carl Schmidt, Christopher Ashwell, Mike Persia, James Reecy, Susan J Lamont
Global climate change is increasing the magnitude of environmental stressors, such as temperature, pathogens, and drought that limit survivability and sustainability of livestock production. Poultry production and its expansion are dependent upon robust animals that are able to cope with stressors in multiple environments. Understanding the genetic strategies that indigenous, non-commercial breeds have evolved to survive in their environment could help to elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying biological traits of environmental adaptation...
March 24, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340441/type-d-personality-stress-coping-strategies-and-self-efficacy-as-predictors-of-facebook-intrusion
#9
Agata Błachnio, Aneta Przepiorka, Stanisław Jerzy Czuczwar
Recently, Facebook has become one of the most popular social networking sites. People use it more and more often. A number of studies have recently addressed the issue of excessive Facebook use, showing this phenomenon to be a spreading problem. The main aim of the present study was to examine whether Type D personality, self-efficacy and coping strategies are related to Facebook intrusion. The participants were 882 students of Polish universities, all of them Facebook users (72% women, mean age: 22.25 years, SD =2...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340327/polymorphic-responses-of-medicago-truncatula-accessions-to-potassium-deprivation
#10
Kevin Garcia, Jean-Michel Ané
Potassium (K(+)) is an essential macronutrient for plants and the most abundant cation in cells. Due to variable K(+) availability in the environment, plants must be able to adjust their developmental, physiological and transcriptional responses. The plant development to K(+) deprivation was not well studied in legumes thus far. We recently described the first adaptation mechanisms of the model legume Medicago truncatula Jemalong A17 to long-term K(+) deprivation and analyzed these responses in the context of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis...
March 24, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337760/proteomics-of-contrasting-rice-genotypes-identification-of-potential-targets-for-raising-crops-for-saline-environment
#11
Nita Lakra, Charanpreet Kaur, Khalid Anwar, Sneh Lata Singla-Pareek, Ashwani Pareek
High salinity is one of the major problems in crop productivity, affecting seed germination as well as yield. In order to enhance tolerance of crops towards salinity, it is essential to understand the underlying physiological and molecular mechanisms. In this endeavor, study of contrasting genotypes of the same species differing in their response towards salinity stress can be very useful. In the present study, we have investigated temporal differences in morphological, physiological and proteome profiles of two contrasting genotypes of rice to understand the basis of salt-tolerance...
March 24, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335688/predictors-of-resourcefulness-in-preadolescent-children
#12
Ya-Fen Wang, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
Resourcefulness is a set of cognitive-behavioral self-control skills for coping with stress to maintain quality of life. However, research examining precursors in the development of resourcefulness in preadolescents is scant. A cross-sectional approach was used to investigate hypothesized predicting effects of intrinsic contextual factors (children's age, gender, and school performance), extrinsic contextual factors (parents' age, gender, education, income, and resourcefulness), and process regulators (academic stress and dispositional optimism) in a convenience sample of 361 preadolescent-parent dyads...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334795/everyday-stressors-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adolescents-the-role-of-coping-and-pragmatics
#13
Anat Zaidman-Zait, Adi Dotan
The current mixed-methods study examined everyday problems among deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) adolescents across various life domains. To better understand the factors influencing levels of perceived stress, the impact of DHH adolescents' coping and pragmatic abilities was also examined. Thirty DHH adolescents completed questionnaires about everyday stressors and coping, and 13 of these respondents were interviewed regarding their everyday problems. All participants used spoken language and attended mainstream high schools...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334389/profiling-diuraphis-noxia-hemiptera-aphididae-transcript-expression-of-the-biotypes-sa1-and-sam-feeding-on-various-triticum-aestivum-varieties
#14
N F V Burger, E Venter, A-M Botha
The intimate relationship between an aphid and its host is mediated by the composition of the secreted saliva. In the present study, aphid heads were sampled and transcript profiling conducted after aphids were fed on their preference host and transferred to a variety of preference and nonpreference hosts. It was found that the virulent Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) biotype SAM was able to selectively up-regulate more transcripts when confronted with feeding on a variety of hosts, than was the case with the less virulent D...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333491/standing-on-shaky-ground-dyadic-and-longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-relationship-quality-postearthquake
#15
Emma M Marshall, Roeline G Kuijer, Jeffry A Simpson, Ohad Szepsenwol
In the current study, we took a unique dyadic approach to examine how people's relationship quality following an earthquake was associated with their and their partner's posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and whether support exchanges in the relationship protected relationship quality in the face of this adversity. Ninety-nine heterosexual couples were studied over 4 time points for approximately 15 months following the Canterbury, New Zealand, earthquakes. The data were analyzed using moderated growth-curve modeling in an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model framework...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332759/structural-adaptation-of-a-protein-to-increased-metal-stress-nmr-structure-of-a-marine-snail-metallothionein-with-an-additional-domain
#16
Christian Baumann, Andrea Beil, Simon Jurt, Michael Niederwanger, Oscar Palacios, Mercè Capdevila, Sílvia Atrian, Reinhard Dallinger, Oliver Zerbe
In this study, we present an NMR structure of the metallothionein (MT) from the snail Littorina littorea (LlMT) in complex with Cd(2+) . LlMT is capable of binding 9 Zn(2+) or 9 Cd(2+) ions. Sequence alignments with other snail MTs revealed that the protein is likely composed of three domains. The study revealed that the protein is divided into three individual domains, each of which folds into a single well-defined three-metal cluster. The central α2 and C-terminal β domains are positioned with a unique relative orientation...
March 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331356/individual-and-dyadic-coping-in-chronic-pain-patients
#17
Andrea Burri, Michèle Blank Gebre, Guy Bodenmann
The purpose of the current cross-sectional study was to test the associations between individual coping responses to pain, dyadic coping, and perceived social support, with a number of pain outcomes, including pain intensity, functional disability, and pain adjustment, in a sample of N = 43 patients suffering from chronic pain in Switzerland. In contrast to previous research, we were interested not only in specific pain coping but also in more general stress coping strategies and their potential influence on pain outcomes...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331238/psychological-stress-and-coping-resources-during-primary-systemic-therapy-for-breast-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-study
#18
Volker Tschuschke, Georgios Karadaglis, Kalliopi Evangelou, Clara Gräfin von Schweinitz, Jürgen Schwickerath
Introduction This prospective study reports on the impact of psychological factors on women with primary breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. These women are in a special situation, where they not only have to deal with the shock of the cancer diagnosis but also with the fact that the malignant tumor will not be removed immediately but only after completing chemotherapy. A situation like this is stressful and requires a personal strength which not every woman may have. Methods In a prospective study 53 patients were assessed using various psychological and psycho-oncological questionnaires which aimed to evaluate their psychological stress and their coping resources...
February 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330266/biosorption-of-lead-copper-and-cadmium-using-the-extracellular-polysaccharides-eps-of-bacillus-sp-from-solar-salterns
#19
Syed Shameer
Extracellular Polysaccharides (EPS) from both prokaryotes and eukaryotes have a great deal of research interest as they protect the producer from different stresses including antibiotics, ionic stress, desiccation and assist in bio-film formation, pathogenesis, adhesion, etc. In this study haloalkaliphilic Bacillus sp., known to cope with osmophilic stress, was selected and screened for EPS production. The EPS were isolated, partially purified and chemical characteristics were documented using liquid FT-IR followed by assessment of heavy metal biosorption (lead, copper and cadmium) using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS)...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329434/integrated-treatment-of-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-examination-of-imaginal-exposure-length
#20
Adam C Mills, Christal L Badour, Kristina J Korte, Therese K Killeen, Aisling V Henschel, Sudie E Back
Efforts to improve the efficiency of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have demonstrated that reducing the length of imaginal exposures does not negatively affect treatment outcome. A recent adaptation of PE, called Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure [COPE], integrates substance use disorder treatment with PE in the same timeframe (twelve 90-minute sessions, 8 of which include imaginal exposure). The current study, which represents a subanalysis of a larger randomized controlled trial, examined how the length of imaginal exposures (nonrandomized and measured continually) related to PTSD, substance use, and depression in a sample of military veterans (N = 31) who completed the COPE treatment...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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