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Stress and coping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921001/the-relation-between-marital-adjustment-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-infertile-couples-the-mediatory-role-of-religious-coping-strategies
#1
Seyyedeh Fatemeh Ghafouri, Saeed Ghanbari, Hajar Fallahzadeh, Omid Shokri
BACKGROUND: Infertility as a crisis can both lead to negative reactions and stress in infertile couples and bring about positive reactions and growth, to which henceforth posttraumatic growth is referred. This study was conducted to model the relation between martial adjustment and posttraumatic growth through the mediation of religious coping strategies in infertile couples. METHODS: This correlation-based study was performed on 250 couples at the infertility center of Shariati hospital, Tehran, Iran, selected via convenience sampling...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921000/distress-in-infertile-males-in-manipal-india-a-clinic-based-study
#2
Ansha Patel, Podila Satya Venkata Narasimha Sharma, Pratapkumar Narayan, Binu Valsalakumari Sreekumaran Nair, Dinesh Narayanakurup, Praveena Joglekar Pai
BACKGROUND: Being infertile comes as an overwhelming realization for couples trying to conceive. In consideration of rising rates of infertility worldwide, clinicians in India have also begun exploring this field for new possibilities, development and research. The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion and predictors of infertility specific stress in males diagnosed with primary infertility. METHODS: This cross-sectional research was conducted in an assisted reproduction center, Manipal, India, on 300 infertile married males...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920736/protective-effect-of-self-compassion-to-emotional-response-among-students-with-chronic-academic-stress
#3
Yonghong Zhang, Xi Luo, Xianwei Che, Wenjie Duan
The literature has shown that self-compassion is a protective factor of an individual's emotional response to chronic stress. However, this stress-buffering effect has not been completely analyzed in individuals who report significantly high academic stress. The present study explored the role of self-compassion in a group of undergraduate students who experience chronic academic stress. A total of 208 undergraduate students who were preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance Examination (PEE) were recruited and completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Adolescent Self-Rating Life Event Check List, and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920734/role-of-stressful-life-events-avoidant-coping-styles-and-neuroticism-in-online-game-addiction-among-college-students-a-moderated-mediation-model
#4
Huanhuan Li, Yingmin Zou, Jiaqi Wang, Xuelin Yang
Online game addiction (OGA) is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs), and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young's eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS), Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS), Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC), Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire, and Coping Style Questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920505/illness-perceptions-and-stress-mediators-between-disease-severity-and-psychological-well-being-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#5
Maochen Zhang, Liwen Hong, Tianyu Zhang, Yun Lin, Sichang Zheng, Xiaolin Zhou, Rong Fan, Zhengting Wang, Chenli Zhang, Jie Zhong
BACKGROUND: Disease severity, illness perceptions, coping strategies, stress, psychological well-being, and quality of life were reported to have close relationships. According to the Common Sense Model, illness perceptions and coping strategies could mediate the relationship between illness stimuli and illness outcomes such as psychological health and quality of life. Stress was also associated with the individual's disease severity, anxiety, depression, and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to explore the influencing factors of illness outcomes, and to what extent illness perceptions, coping strategies, and stress mediate the relationship between disease severity and anxiety, and depression and quality of life...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920233/pilot-evaluation-of-a-palliative-and-end-of-life-communication-intervention-for-parents-of-children-with-a-brain-tumor
#6
Verna L Hendricks-Ferguson, Kamnesh Pradhan, Chie-Schin Shih, Karen M Gauvain, Javier R Kane, Jingxia Liu, Joan E Haase
Providing timely palliative and end-of-life care (PC/EOL) information to parents of children with a serious illness is a national health care priority. The goals of this study were to determine feasibility, acceptability, and parent responses related to a PC/EOL communication intervention, titled "Communication Plan: Early through End of Life (COMPLETE)" to parents of children with a brain tumor. The study was a 2-site prospective, single-group pilot study targeting parents' stress and coping outcomes. The sample included 13 parents of 11 children (ie, 11 families)...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916884/a-broad-consideration-of-risk-factors-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-where-to-go-from-here
#7
REVIEW
Hannah N McKillop, Gerard A Banez
Pediatric chronic pain is a significant problem associated with substantial functional impairment. A variety of risk factors have been found to be associated with chronic pain in youth. The greatest amount of evidence appears to support that temperament, anxiety, depression, subjective experience of stress, passive coping strategies, sleep problems, other somatic-related problems, and parent and/or family factors are important variables. However, a great deal of this research focuses on a single risk factor or on multiple risk factors in isolation...
November 30, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914195/is-leisure-beneficial-for-older-korean-immigrants-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#8
Junhyoung Kim, Sangjeong Moon, Jungsun Song
Leisure is an important quality of life factor for older Korean immigrants. The purpose of this study was to explore leisure benefits associated with health among older Korean immigrants. A total of 18 individuals participated in the study. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), three themes emerged from participants' personal statements and experiences: (a) experiencing psychological benefits, (b) strengthening social connections, and (c) coping with acculturative stress. The findings indicate that leisure provided a context in which older Korean immigrants created an emotional and social support system that helped them to experience psychological and social benefits...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914009/serum-response-factor-srf-ablation-interferes-with-acute-stress-associated-immediate-and-long-term-coping-mechanisms
#9
Annemarie Zimprich, Gabi Mroz, Christopher Meyer Zu Reckendorf, Sofia Anastasiadou, Philip Förstner, Lillian Garrett, Sabine M Hölter, Lore Becker, Jan Rozman, Cornelia Prehn, Birgit Rathkolb, Kristin Moreth, Wolfgang Wurst, Thomas Klopstock, Martin Klingenspor, Jerzy Adamski, Eckhard Wolf, Raffi Bekeredjian, Helmut Fuchs, Valerie Gailus-Durner, Martin Hrabe de Angelis, Bernd Knöll
Stress experience modulates behavior, metabolism, and energy expenditure of organisms. One molecular hallmark of an acute stress response is a rapid induction of immediate early genes (IEGs) such as c-Fos and Egr family members. IEG transcription in neurons is mediated by the neuronal activity-driven gene regulator serum response factor (SRF). We show a first role of SRF in immediate and long-lasting acute restraint stress (AS) responses. For this, we employed a standardized mouse phenotyping protocol at the German Mouse Clinic (GMC) including behavioral, metabolic, and cardiologic tests as well as gene expression profiling to analyze the consequences of forebrain-specific SRF deletion in mice exposed to AS...
December 2, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913563/-you-can-t-be-a-person-and-a-doctor-the-work-life-balance-of-doctors-in-training-a-qualitative-study
#10
Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the work-life balance of doctors in training in the UK from the perspectives of trainers and trainees. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus groups and interviews with trainees and trainers. SETTING: Postgraduate medical training in London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and Wales during the junior doctor contract dispute at the end of 2015. Part of a larger General Medical Council study about the fairness of postgraduate medical training...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912920/the-relationship-between-therapist-rated-function-and-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#11
Yvonne Braun, Jos J Mellema, Rinne M Peters, Suzanne Curley, Gae Burchill, David Ring
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Some third-party payers require hand therapists to rate patient's functional disability based on patient self-rating using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), objective measurements of impairment, and observation of functional tasks-hand therapist-rated function (HTRF). PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To test the correlation between HTRF and PROMs (upper limb functional index [ULFI] and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System upper extremity [PROMIS UE]) and its association with psychological factors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911672/college-students-coping-with-interpersonal-stress-examining-a-control-based-model-of-coping
#12
Mary Jo Coiro, Alexandra H Bettis, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: The ways that college students cope with stress, particularly interpersonal stress, may be a critical factor in determining which students are at risk for impairing mental health disorders. Using a control-based model of coping, the present study examined associations between interpersonal stress, coping strategies, and symptoms. PARTICIPANTS: 135 undergraduate students from two universities. METHODS: Interpersonal stress, coping strategies, depression, anxiety, and somatization were assessed via self-report...
December 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911168/effectiveness-of-communication-specific-coping-intervention-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-preliminary-results
#13
Jacinta M Douglas, Lucy Knox, Carren De Maio, Helen Bridge, Melanie Drummond, Joanne Whiteoak
People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) describe everyday interactions as a long-term challenge frequently associated with ongoing stress. Communication-specific Coping Intervention (CommCope-I) is a new treatment developed to target coping in the context of communication breakdown. The intervention incorporates principles of cognitive behavioural therapy, self-coaching and context-sensitive social communication therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of CommCope-I in a group of adults with severe TBI and ongoing functional communication difficulties...
December 2, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909300/cyanobacterial-photoprotection-by-the-orange-carotenoid-protein
#14
REVIEW
Diana Kirilovsky, Cheryl A Kerfeld
In photosynthetic organisms, the production of dangerous oxygen species is stimulated under high irradiance. To cope with this stress, these organisms have evolved photoprotective mechanisms. One type of mechanism functions to decrease the energy arriving at the photochemical centres by increasing thermal dissipation at the level of antennae. In cyanobacteria, the trigger for this mechanism is the photoactivation of a soluble carotenoid protein, the orange carotenoid protein (OCP), which is a structurally and functionally modular protein...
December 2, 2016: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908260/-a-proteomics-approach-to-discover-drought-tolerance-proteins-in-wheat-pollen-grain-at-meiosis-stage
#15
Reza Fotovat, Mehdi Alikhani, Mostafa Valizadeh, Mehdi Mirzaei, Ghasem Hossein Salekdeh
Plants reproductive phase, when grain yield and consequently farmers' investment is most in jeopardy, is considered as the most sensitive stage to drought stress. In this study, we aimed to explore the proteomic response of wheat anther at meiosis stage in a drought tolerant, Darab, and susceptible, Shiraz, wheat genotypes. Wheat plants were exposed to drought stress at meiosis stage for four days under controlled environmental conditions. Then, anthers from both genotypes were sampled, and their proteomes were examined via quantitative proteomics analysis...
November 30, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907914/anxiety-and-coping-strategy-changes-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-initiating-fingolimod-the-grace-prospective-study
#16
Thibault Moreau, Catherine Bungener, Olivier Heinzlef, Laurent Suchet, Florent Borgel, Isabelle Bourdeix, Mohamed Meite, Karin Rerat, Isabelle Chouette
The objective of this prospective study was to assess the changes in anxiety levels, and their relationship with coping strategies over the first four months of fingolimod treatment in patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Data were collected at the inclusion visit (Visit 1) and 4 months later (Visit 2). We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) to assess the level of anxiety and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations scale to assess the coping strategies used when engaged with stressful situations...
December 2, 2016: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907846/modelling-life-satisfaction-and-adjustment-to-trauma-in-children-exposed-to-ongoing-military-violence-an-exploratory-study-in-palestine
#17
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Al Muranak, Husam Hamdouna
Exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health risks among children, especially in terms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive or somatic symptoms. However, an exclusive focus on negative functioning can lead to underestimating the coping abilities and natural potential for adjusting to trauma of war-affected children at different developmental phases. Using structural equation modelling, we tested the extent to which data gathered in a predominantly nonclinical sample of Palestinian children (N=1276) living in refugee camps supported a conceptual model in which the relationship between subjective wellbeing and the effects of trauma is mainly top-down in direction...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904967/relocation-stress-induces-short-term-fecal-cortisol-increase-in-tonkean-macaques-macaca-tonkeana
#18
Carlo Cinque, Arianna De Marco, Jerome Mairesse, Chiara Giuli, Andrea Sanna, Lorenzo De Marco, Anna Rita Zuena, Paola Casolini, Assia Catalani, Bernard Thierry, Roberto Cozzolino
The level of glucocorticoids, especially if obtained from noninvasive sampling, can be used as an index of animal well-being, allowing evaluation of the animal's response to environmental modifications. Despite evidence that these hormones play a relevant role in energy metabolism regulation in perceived or real stress events, little is known regarding the factors that could modify the capability of animals to cope with relocation events. The aim of this research was to assess fecal cortisol metabolite concentrations before, during and after acute stress (transfer and relocation event) in two well-established social groups of Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana)...
November 30, 2016: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904062/promising-therapies-for-fungal-infection-based-on-the-study-to-elucidate-mechanisms-to-cope-with-stress-in-candida-species
#19
Kazuyuki Hirai, Tatsuya Inukai, Hironobu Nakayama
In recent years, the incidence of fungal infections has been increasing, particularly among patients with immune systems compromised by human immunodeficiency virus infection, organ transplantation, and/or chemotherapy for cancer. Current therapies for treating systemic fungal infection have limited effectiveness and have created problems of adverse reactions and drug resistance. These issues therefore motivate us to develop novel antifungals. Elucidation of stress response mechanisms and virulence factors in pathogenic fungi is required in developing an effective antifungal strategy...
2016: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903306/dementia-care-worker-stress-associations-with-unit-type-resident-and-work-environment-characteristics-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-swiss-nursing-homes-human-resources-project-shurp
#20
Barbara Vogel, Sabina De Geest, Katharina Fierz, Sonja Beckmann, Franziska Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: Although caring for residents with dementia in nursing homes is associated with various stressors for care workers, the role of the unit type, and particularly the proportion of residents with dementia, remains unclear. This study aimed to explore associations between unit type and care worker stress, taking into account additional potential stressors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was a secondary data analysis in the Swiss Nursing Homes Human Resources Project, which included data from 3,922 care workers from 156 Swiss nursing homes...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
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