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Stress and coping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727232/functional-genomic-analysis-of-corals-from-natural-co2-seeps-reveals-core-molecular-responses-involved-in-acclimatization-to-ocean-acidification
#1
C D Kenkel, A Moya, J Strahl, C Humphrey, L K Bay
Little is known about the potential for acclimatization or adaptation of corals to ocean acidification and even less about the molecular mechanisms underpinning these processes. Here we examine global gene expression patterns in corals and their intracellular algal symbionts from two replicate population pairs in Papua New Guinea that have undergone long-term acclimatization to natural variation in pCO2 . In the coral host, only 61 genes were differentially expressed in response to pCO2 environment, but the pattern of change was highly consistent between replicate populations, likely reflecting the core expression homeostasis response to ocean acidification...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726442/ptsd-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-co-morbidity-gaps-in-research-and-potential-shared-mechanisms
#2
Nirit Haruvi-Lamdan, Danny Horesh, Ofer Golan
BACKGROUND: While autism and trauma were often linked in psychoanalytic theory, very few scientific attempts have been made to explore the associations and comorbidity between the two. Instead, each area has grown separately, yielding large bodies of theoretical and clinical knowledge. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: In this article, we suggest several possible pathways that may link trauma and autism. First, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may serve as a vulnerability marker for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specifically by increasing the risk for exposure to traumatic events...
July 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724297/-living-in-the-moment-among-cancer-survivors-who-report-life-transforming-change
#3
Perry Skeath, Ann Berger
BACKGROUND: Some cancer survivors say that while coping with their illness they have had what they identify as a highly beneficial, personal, life-transforming change (LTC; a self-subscribed condition among participants in this study, not a researcher-defined construct). Previously we found that the content of LTC was highly individual; but certain features of the LTC process were quite uniform. For example, LTC was driven by a very rational desire to remain genuinely functional as a person in the midst of highly stressful circumstances...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723584/the-relationship-between-growth-performance-and-metabolic-rate-flexibility-varies-with-food-availability-in-juvenile-qingbo-spinibarbus-sinensis
#4
Ling-Qing Zeng, Lei Wang, Guang-Nan Wang, Yue Zeng, Shi-Jian Fu
Phenotypic flexibility in traits can allow organisms to cope with environmental challenges. However, the ecological consequences (e.g., growth) of SMR flexibility in fish are poorly understood. Juvenile qingbo (Spinibarbus sinensis) were reared individually with two levels of food resources (satiation or limited) with either continuous feeding (CF) or starvation-refeeding (SR). In the CF experiment, SMR increased when individuals were fed either the satiation or limited diets, but no difference was found in average specific growth rate somatic growth (SGR) between the two food availabilities...
July 16, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721830/redox-state-in-atrial-fibrillation-pathogenesis-and-relevant-therapeutic-approaches
#5
Alexios S Antonopoulos, Athina Goliopoulou, Evangelos Oikonomou, Sotiris Tsalamandris, Georgios-Angelos Papamikroulis, George Lazaros, Eleftherios Tsiamis, George Latsios, Stella Brili, Spyridon Papaioannou, Vasiliki Gennimata, Dimitris Tousoulis
Myocardial redox state is a critical determinant of myocardial biology, regulating cardiomyocytes' apoptosis, hypertrophy, ion channels function and cardiac contractility and relaxation. Data from animal models have shown that altered myocardial nitroso-redox balance and NADPH oxidases activity are pivotally involved in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation. Similarly experimental animal data have demonstrated that increased reactive oxygen / nitrogen species formation in the atrial tissue is associated with altered electrophysiological properties of atrial myocytes and electrical remodeling...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721754/a-model-of-adaptation-for-families-of-elderly-patients-with-dementia-focusing-on-family-resilience
#6
Geun Myun Kim, Ji Young Lim, Eun Joo Kim, Sang Suk Kim
OBJECTIVES: We constructed a model explaining families' positive adaptation in chronic crisis situations such as the problematic behavior of elderly patients with dementia and attendant caregiving stress, based on the family resilience model. Our aim was to devise an adaptation model for families of elderly patients with dementia. METHOD: A survey of problematic behavior in elderly patients with dementia, family stress, family resilience, and family adaptation was conducted with 292 consenting individuals...
July 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721580/gene-expression-profiles-of-the-thermotolerant-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strain-kku-vn8-during-high-temperature-ethanol-fermentation-using-sweet-sorghum-juice
#7
Atiya Techaparin, Pornthap Thanonkeo, Preekamol Klanrit
OBJECTIVES: To investigate gene expression profiles of the thermotolerant yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain KKU-VN8, a potential high-ethanol producer, in response to various stresses during high-temperature ethanol fermentation using sweet sorghum juice (SSJ) under optimal conditions. RESULTS: The maximal ethanol concentration obtained by S. cerevisiae KKU-VN8 using SSJ at 40 °C was 66.6 g/l, with a productivity of 1.39 g/l/h and a theoretical ethanol yield of 81%...
July 18, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721576/experiences-of-formal-and-informal-caregivers-of-older-persons-in-singapore
#8
Kalyani K Mehta, Thang Leng Leng
The well-being of informal caregivers in the familial context is increasingly recognized as a critical area of concern affecting the care of older family members. This paper focuses on the dynamics of family caregiving for older members from the work-life perspective, contextualised in the highly developed and rapidly ageing society that is Singapore. Drawing from qualitative research on 30 adult family caregivers and 15 live-in foreign domestic workers (FDWs), the main themes identified from the qualitative interviews were: 1) Stresses and dilemmas faced by family caregivers; 2) Filial responsibility in the caring for one's parents; 3) Coping with work and caregiving - FDWs in family caregiving; 4) Coping with extra help - hiring of FDWs and challenges...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721048/adapting-the-short-form-of-the-coping-inventory-for-stressful-situations-into-chinese
#9
Chun Li, Qing Liu, Ti Hu, Xiaoyan Jin
OBJECTIVES: The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) is a measurement tool for evaluating stress that has good psychometric properties. We investigated the applicability of a short-form version of the CISS in a large sample of Chinese university students. METHODS: Nine hundred and seventy-two Chinese university students aged 18-30 years (mean =20.15, standard deviation =3.26) were chosen as subjects, of whom 101 were randomly selected to be retested after a 2-week interval...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718969/child-and-family-related-predictors-of-psychological-outcomes-in-children-adopted-from-abroad-what-is-the-role-of-caregiver-time
#10
Niina Rita, Marko Elovainio, Hanna Raaska, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Jaakko Matomäki, Jari Sinkkonen, Helena Lapinleimu
International adoptees need to cope with stressful transitions and to develop secure attachment with their caregivers at the same time. Although most children adopted from abroad adjust fine, they are at increased risk of psychological problems. We investigated whether both child and family-related factors are associated with later psychological problems and whether the length of time spent at home after adoption before daycare moderates these associations among internationally adopted children in Finland (FinAdo, Finnish Adoption Study)...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716704/-psychosocial-working-conditions-of-physician-assistants-results-from-a-qualitative-study-on-occupational-stress-resources-possible-approaches-to-prevention-and-intervention-needs
#11
Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Adrian Loerbroks
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have documented adverse psychosocial working conditions among health care staff. Working conditions may not only impair the health outcomes of this professional group, but can also affect the quality of care they deliver to patients. Previous work stress research has mainly focused on physicians and nurses. Comparable evidence remains limited, however, for physician assistants (Medizinische Fachangestellte, MFAs), who represent the largest professional group in German primary care...
July 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716368/surgeons-and-surgical-trainees-acute-stress-in-real-operations-or-simulation-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Konstantinos Georgiou, Andreas Larentzakis, Athanasios G Papavassiliou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute stress in surgery is ubiquitous and has an immediate impact on surgical performance and patient safety. Surgeons react with several coping strategies; however, they recognise the necessity of formal stress management training. Thus, stress assessment is a direct need. Surgical simulation is a validated standardised training milieu designed to replicate real-life situations. It replicates stress, prevents biases, and provides objective metrics. The complexity of stress mechanisms makes stress measurement difficult to quantify and interpret...
July 14, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715698/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-of-the-effect-of-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-and-problems-among-young-adults
#13
Bridgid Mariko Conn, Kida Ejesi, Dawn W Foster
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use among young adult populations. Further, there is substantial evidence of the association between psychosocial stressors and greater alcohol consumption. In the present study, we examined whether acculturative stress would moderate the relationship between major drinking motives and alcohol use behaviors and alcohol-related problems, and whether this relationship differs by racial/ethnic group...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715280/fatigue-moderates-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-evidence-from-two-high-resolution-studies
#14
Evan M Kleiman, Brianna J Turner, Alexander L Chapman, Matthew K Nock
Theoretical models of self-harm suggest that high perceived stress and high fatigue (which might affect the ability to cope with stress) may interact to predict the short-term occurrence of suicidal ideation and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We tested 3 approaches to examining this interaction, each of which provided a different understanding of the specific nature of these associations: comparing each individual's daily stress/fatigue to the entire sample's overall average (i.e., grand-mean centering), comparing each individual's daily perceived stress/fatigue to his or her overall average (i...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714452/predict-moral-distress-using-workplace-stress-stress-of-conscience-mediated-by-coping-using-roy-adaptation-model-a-path-analysis
#15
Muder Alkrisat
BACKGROUND: Moral distress can be predisposed when nurses are exposed to ambiguous moral situations. PURPOSE: Is to test a conceptual model based on Roy adaptation model (RAM) to examine the relationship among workplace stress, conscience stress, and moral distress mediated by coping. DESIGN: A correlational, cross sectional. RESULTS: Data were collected from 199 licensed nurses. The findings indicated that workplace stress was related negatively to coping processes (β = -...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713797/health-related-quality-of-life-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-perspectives-of-health-care-providers
#16
Mar Miserachs, David B Nicholas, Anthony R Otley, Vicky Lee Ng
With improved survival outcomes after pediatric liver transplantation (LT), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome metric. Understanding the elements contributing to HRQoL after LT in children would enable more targeted strategies towards optimizing best outcomes. This qualitative study aimed to explore health care providers (HCP) perceptions about HRQoL after pediatric LT. Thirteen experienced HCP participated in two focus group discussions. Data analysis via a thematic analysis approach revealed 4 major themes: "LT as a facilitator of better HRQoL," "coping and adapting to LT," "living with a transplanted liver," and "the family context...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713401/genome-wide-association-study-reveals-natural-variations-contributing-to-drought-resistance-in-crops
#17
REVIEW
Hongwei Wang, Feng Qin
Crops are often cultivated in regions where they will face environmental adversities; resulting in substantial yield loss which can ultimately lead to food and societal problems. Thus, significant efforts have been made to breed stress tolerant cultivars in an attempt to minimize these problems and to produce more stability with respect to crop yields across broad geographies. Since stress tolerance is a complex and multi-genic trait, advancements with classical breeding approaches have been challenging. On the other hand, molecular breeding, which is based on transgenics, marker-assisted selection and genome editing technologies; holds great promise to enable farmers to better cope with these challenges...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713298/linear-relationship-between-resilience-learning-approaches-and-coping-strategies-to-predict-achievement-in-undergraduate-students
#18
Jesús de la Fuente, María Fernández-Cabezas, Matilde Cambil, Manuel M Vera, Maria Carmen González-Torres, Raquel Artuch-Garde
The aim of the present research was to analyze the linear relationship between resilience (meta-motivational variable), learning approaches (meta-cognitive variables), strategies for coping with academic stress (meta-emotional variable) and academic achievement, necessary in the context of university academic stress. A total of 656 students from a southern university in Spain completed different questionnaires: a resiliency scale, a coping strategies scale, and a study process questionnaire. Correlations and structural modeling were used for data analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713077/-burnout-syndrome-among-physiotherapists
#19
Krzysztof Owczarek, Stanisław Wojtowicz, Witold Pawłowski, Dariusz Białoszewski
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Symptoms of burnout include mental and physical exhaustion, accompanied by psychosomatic disorders and emotional problems. Burnout occurs most often in people employed in occupations requiring working with people (human services) as a result of coping with stress and experience numerous failures at work. The aim of the research is the analysis of burnout among physiotherapists and demographic factors and conditions that may contribute to the burnout...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712424/determinants-and-incidence-of-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
S A Berzins, A G Bulloch, J M Burton, K S Dobson, G H Fick, S B Patten
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and explore potential determinants of incidence of depression in MS. METHODS: A prospective cohort study used a sample of 192 patients from the southern Alberta MS clinic registry. Participants completed baseline risk factor assessment questionnaires using either online, mail or telephone surveys, and completed the Patient Health Questionnaire every 2weeks for 6months to assess depressive symptoms in real time. Risk factors assessed included biopsychosocial variables such as socioeconomic status, illness-related factors, childhood risk factors, psychosocial factors, and health behaviors...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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