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Stress and coping

Yao-Hui Huang, Yao-Yu Lin, Shih-Kai Lee, Ming-Feng Lee, Ching-Lan Esther Lin
BACKGROUND: The ideology of recovery addresses the autonomy of patients with mental illness and their ability to reconstruct a normal life. Empirical knowledge of this process of recovery and related factors remains unclear. PURPOSE: To assess the process of recovery and related factors in patients with mental illness. METHODS: This cross-sectional, correlational study was conducted on a convenience sample in a psychiatric hospital. Two-hundred and fifty patients with mental illness were recruited and were assessed using 3 instruments: Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery (QPR), Perceived Psychiatric Stigma Scale (PPSS), and Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP)...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Reem Jarrad, Sawsan Hammad, Tagreed Shawashi, Naser Mahmoud
Aim: This study aimed to detect if there were differences in compassion fatigue (CF) among nurses based on substance use and demographic variables of gender, marital status, type of health institution and income. Background: Compassion fatigue is considered an outcome of poorly handled stressful situations in which nurses may respond with self-harming behaviours like substance use. Evidence in this area is critically lacking. Methods: This study used a descriptive design to survey differences in CF of 282 nurses...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
Xiaomin Deng, Jianxiao Wang, Yan Li, Shaohua Wu, Shuguang Yang, Jinquan Chao, Yueyi Chen, Shixin Zhang, Minjing Shi, Weimin Tian
Two contrasting cold response rubber tree clones, the cold-resistant '93-114' and cold-sensitive 'Reken501', were subject to a global transcriptome response assessing via high-throughput RNA-seq technique and comprehensive bioinformatics analysis using the referenced rubber tree genome with the purpose of exploring the potential molecular cues underlying the tolerance of rubber trees to cold stress. As a result, a total of 1919 genes had significantly higher expression, while 2929 genes had significantly lower expression in '93-114' than in 'Reken501' without cold stress...
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nicola Alessio, Francesco Riccitiello, Tiziana Squillaro, Stefania Capasso, Stefania Del Gaudio, Giovanni Di Bernardo, Marilena Cipollaro, Mariarosa A B Melone, Gianfranco Peluso, Umberto Galderisi
Several aspects of stem cell life are governed by epigenetic variations, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, and chromatin remodeling. Epigenetic events are also connected with the impairment of stem cell functions. For example, during senescence, there are significant changes in chromatin organization that alter transcription. The MECP2 protein can bind methylated cytosines and contribute to regulating gene expression at one of the highest hierarchical levels. Researchers are particularly interested in this protein, as up to 90% of Rett syndrome patients have an MECP2 gene mutation...
March 22, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Thomas Roach, Wolfgang Stöggl, Theresa Baur, Ilse Kranner
Photosynthetic organisms suffering from light stress have to cope with an increased formation of reactive short-chain aldehydes. Singlet oxygen generated from highly-charged reaction centres can peroxidise the poly-unsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-rich thylakoid membranes they are embedded in. Lipid peroxides decay to release α,β-unsaturated aldehydes that are reactive electrophile species (RES). Acrolein is one of the most abundant and reactive RES produced in chloroplasts. Here, in the model chlorophyte alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a clear concentration-dependent "distress" induced by acrolein intoxication was observed in conjunction with depletion of the glutathione pool...
March 18, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Bonnie A Sturrock, Gwyneth Rees, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Tien Y Wong, Edith Holloway, Eva K Fenwick
SIGNIFICANCE: People with vision loss from diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic macular edema (DME) use problem-focused and emotion-regulation strategies that may influence their short- and longer-term adaptation and psychological outcomes. Our findings can assist the development of models of adjustment to DR/DME-related vision loss and treatments focused on adaptation. PURPOSE: To qualitatively determine the coping strategies used by participants with vision loss resulting from DR/DME...
March 21, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Carl-Otto Brahm, Jesper Lundgren, Sven G Carlsson, Peter Nilsson, Catharina Hägglin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to design a structured treatment model focusing on all levels of adult's dental fear, the Jönköping Dental Fear Coping Model (DFCM). The aim was to study the DFCM from a dental health professional perspective. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The DFCM was studied by means of quantitative and qualitative analyses. Nine dental clinics participated in Period I (pre-intervention/standard care), and 133 dental health professionals (dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants) and 3088 patients were included...
March 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Foozieh Rafati, Esmat Nouhi, Sakineh Sabzevari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri
Background: Nursing students in the clinical setting experience a high level of stress. The understanding of people involved in nursing education, from coping strategies of nursing students with clinical stress, is highly important for any kind of planning in this field. Objective: To explore the coping strategies of Iranian nursing students with stress in a clinical setting. Methods: This qualitative content analysis study was carried out with twenty nursing students who were selected using purposive sampling at the Razi nursing and midwifery school in Kerman, in Iran during a ten-month period in 2016...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Safâa Achnak, Yannick Griep, Tim Vantilborgh
Previous research showed that perceptions of psychological contract (PC) breach have undesirable individual and organizational consequences. Surprisingly, the PC literature has paid little to no attention to the relationship between PC breach perceptions and stress. A better understanding of how PC breach may elicit stress seems crucial, given that stress plays a key role in employees' physical and mental well-being. Based on Conservation of Resources Theory, we suggest that PC breach perceptions represent a perceived loss of valued resources, subsequently leading employees to experience higher stress levels resulting from emerging negative emotions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Isabelle Yee Shan Chan, Mei-Yung Leung, Qi Liang
Driven by fast-growing economies worldwide, the number of international construction projects is booming, and employing expatriates has inevitably become a strategy used by construction firms. However, stress arising from expatriate assignments can lead to early return, assignment failure, and staff turnover, causing in significant losses to an organisation. Extensive research has focused on the effectiveness of coping behaviours in relation to stress. However, studies investigating the antecedents of coping are rare...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
A Janka, S Duschek
BACKGROUND: As an important group of health care professionals, paramedics accomplish sophisticated and frequently stressful tasks. DESIGN: The study investigated self-reported stress burden, self-reported health status, coping strategies, personality traits and psychophysiological reactivity in paramedics. METHODS: 30 paramedics were compared with 30 professionals from other disciplines, in terms of self-reported stress, physical complaints, coping strategies, personality traits and psychophysiological reactivity during aversive visual and acoustic stimuli, and cognitive challenge...
March 20, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Haled Al-Said, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Shifra Sagy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This research investigated how coping resources explain emotional reactions of anger and anxiety, in the context of threat of house demolition, among adolescents in three groups: Adolescents living in a recognized village with no demolition, adolescents living in an unrecognized village (by the Israeli government as legal) with no demolition, and adolescents living in an unrecognized village with demolition. The framework of this research is based on Antonovsky's salutogenic theory, which suggests examining ability to cope with stressful situations...
March 20, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Tanja Jene, Nils C Gassen, Verena Opitz, Kristina Endres, Marianne B Müller, Michael A van der Kooij
Understanding the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the response to an acute stressor may provide novel insights into successful stress-coping strategies. Acute behavioral stress-effects may be restricted to a specific time window early after stress-induction. However, existing behavioral test batteries typically span multiple days or even weeks, limiting the feasibility for a broad behavioral analysis following acute stress. Here, we designed a novel comprehensive behavioral test battery in male mice that assesses multiple behavioral dimensions within a sufficiently brief time window to capture acute stress-effects and its temporal profile...
March 8, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Yi-Feng Carol Lan, Diane C Zelman, Wen-Tao Chao
Bipolar disorder (BD) affects a significant proportion of Taiwanese individuals (Weissman et al., 1996; Yang, Yeh, & Hwu, 2012). Psychotropic medications are typically the mainstay of treatment for BD, and there is an abundance of international research on biological etiology and medication options. However, there is comparatively little research on psychosocial aspects of BD, including how it is understood and managed within families. As culture provides the context in which psychiatric disease is managed, there is a need to identify distinct Chinese psychosocial perspectives that might shed light on intervention options...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Laura C D Pomatto, Sarah Wong, John Tower, Kelvin J A Davies
Adaptive homeostasis enables rapid cellular signaling, leading to transcriptional and translational modifications (Davies, 2016) [1]. The Proteasome is one of the main cellular proteolytic enzymes that plays an essential role in the rapid clearance of oxidatively damaged cellular proteins, and is highly responsive to oxidative stress. Upon exposure to even very low, signaling levels of oxidants, the predominant form of the Proteasome becomes the ATP-independent 20S proteasome that enables rapid clearance of damaged proteins...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Robert W McConkey, Catherine Holborn
PURPOSE: Gay men with prostate cancer are an 'invisible species' in the research literature despite concerns that the impact of treatment may be more profound and in some ways unique compared to heterosexual men. The aim of this research is to explore the lived experience of gay men with prostate cancer. METHOD: In-depth interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim from a purposive sample of eight gay men treated for prostate cancer in Ireland. A qualitative methodological approach employing Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological method was used to collect and analyse data...
April 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Miyoung Jang, Jiyoung Kim
PURPOSE: Prospective studies have examined factors directly affecting psychosocial adjustment during breast cancer treatment. Survivorship stage may moderate a direct effect of stress on psychosocial adjustment. This study aimed to examine relationships between stress, social support, self-efficacy, coping, and psychosocial adjustment to construct a model of the effect pathways between those factors, and determine if survivorship stage moderates those effects. METHODS: Six hundred people with breast cancer completed questionnaires...
April 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Mario Altamura, Salvatore Iuso, Angela Balzotti, Girolamo Francavilla, Andrea Dimitri, Giuseppe Cibelli, Antonello Bellomo, Annamaria Petito
Reported findings on reactivity to stress of the sympathetic-adreno-medullar (SAM) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) systems in panic disorder (PD) are very variable. This inconsistency may be explained by differences in treatment exposure, illness duration and emotion regulation strategies. The present study examined the reactivity to mental stress of the SAM and HPA axes in a sample of first episode, drug naïve patients with PD which avoids confounds of medications exposure and illness chronicity...
March 14, 2018: Neuroscience Research
Jeffrey J Olney, S Alex Marshall, Todd E Thiele
Psychological depression is frequently linked to alcohol abuse and even serves as key indicators of an alcohol use disorder (AUD). This relationship is supported by preclinical findings in which depression-like phenotypes develop in animals exposed to chronic intermittent ethanol vapor, a common preclinical model of alcohol dependence. However, the emergence of these maladaptive phenotypes following repeated binge-like ethanol drinking remains relatively unexplored. The purpose of this study was to evaluate depression-like behaviors associated with binge-like consumption in mice...
March 14, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Xin Li, James A Imlay
Escherichia coli is a model organism that has been exploited to reveal key details of hydrogen peroxide stress: the biomolecules that H2 O2 most rapidly damages and the defensive tactics that organisms use to fend it off. Much less clear is the amount of exogenous H2 O2 that is sufficient to injure the bacterium and/or to trigger its stress response. To fill this gap, we need to study the behavior of cells when they are exposed to defined amounts of H2 O2 on an hours-long time scale. Such experiments are difficult because bacteria rapidly consume H2 O2 that is added to test cultures...
March 14, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
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