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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778040/violence-against-child-protection-workers-a-study-of-workers-experiences-attributions-and-coping-strategies
#1
Josianne Lamothe, Amélie Couvrette, Gabrielle Lebrun, Gabrielle Yale, Camille Roy, Stéphane Guay, Steve Geoffrion
Child protection workers (CPWs) are frequently exposed to client violence, both psychological and physical, in their line of work whether they operate in the community or in residential settings. Despite this known vulnerability, research on the subject has lagged. The current study sought to analyze CPWs' experiences with client violence, their interpretation of it, its perceived consequences and their coping strategies. Specifically, 30 CPWs working both in the community and in residential settings, took part in an in-depth, semi-structured interview...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777979/a-qualitative-study-of-disengagement-in-disadvantaged-areas-of-the-uk-you-come-through-your-door-and-you-lock-that-door
#2
M Romeo-Velilla, N Ellis, G Hurst, S Grogan, C Gidlow
Health inequalities are a major concern in the UK. Power imbalances are associated with health inequalities and should be challenged through health promotion and empowering strategies, enabling individuals who feel powerless to take control over their own life and act on the determinants of health (Green and Tones, 2010). This study aimed to explore resident expectations of a community engagement programme that intended to empower communities to take action on pre-identified priorities. The programme targeted communities in deprived areas of a mid-sized city in the UK...
May 16, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777643/infertility-psychological-distress-and-coping-strategies-among-women-in-mali-west-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Rosanna F Hess, Ratchneewan Ross, John L GilillandJr
Relatively little is known about infertility and its consequences in Mali, West Africa where the context and culture are different from those of previously studied settings. This study therefore aimed to specifically examine infertility induced psychological distress and coping strategies among women in Mali. A convergent mixed-methods design-correlational cross-sectional and qualitative descriptive-guided the study. Fifty-eight infertile Malian women participated: 52 completed the Psychological Evaluation Test specific for infertility and a question on general health status, and 26 were interviewed in-depth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777436/fatigue-related-risk-management-in-the-emergency-department-a-focus-group-study
#4
Pierre Bérastégui, Mathieu Jaspar, Alexandre Ghuysen, Anne-Sophie Nyssen
Fatigue has major implications on both patient safety and healthcare practitioner's well-being. Traditionally, two approaches can be used to reduce fatigue-related risk: reducing the likelihood of a fatigued operator working (i.e. fatigue reduction), or reducing the likelihood that a fatigued operator will make an error (i.e. fatigue proofing). Recent progress mainly focussed on fatigue reduction strategies such as reducing work hours. Yet it has to be recognized that such approach has not wholly overcome the experience of fatigue...
May 18, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777162/hiv-and-vertebral-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-metanalysis
#5
Thales A S H Ilha, Fabio V Comim, Rafaela M Copes, Juliet E Compston, Melissa O Premaor
The survival of HIV-infected patients has increased with the advent of antiretroviral therapy with the emergence of new comorbidities. Vertebral fracture is a manifestation of reduced bone strength and osteoporosis. This study aims to assess the frequency of spine fractures in HIV-positive men and women aged over 18 years. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, cross-sectional studies, and case-control studies. Studies that evaluated morphometric and/or clinical vertebral fracture were included...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776999/stumbling-corrective-reaction-elicited-by-mechanical-and-electrical-stimulation-of-the-saphenous-nerve-in-walking-mice
#6
William Paganini Mayer, Turgay Akay
The ability to walk around in a natural environment requires the capacity to cope with unexpected obstacles that may disrupt locomotion. One such mechanism is called the stumbling corrective reaction (SCR) that enables animals to step over obstacles that would otherwise disturb the progression of swing movement. Here we use in vivo motion analysis and physiological recording techniques to describe the SCR in mice. We show that SCR can be elicited consistently in mice during locomotion by inserting an obstacle along the path of leg movement during swing phase...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776871/patients-experiences-of-pain-have-an-impact-on-their-pain-management-attitudes-and-strategies
#7
Eva Angelini, Helle Wijk, Helena Brisby, Adad Baranto
Postoperative pain remains undermanaged in orthopedic surgery. To identify areas of improvement for future structural changes in pain management, patients' experiences of pain and pain management when undergoing elective lumbar spine surgery were explored, using a qualitative method with focus group interviews. The study setting was an orthopedic spine surgery department at a University Hospital in Sweden. This study consisted of two focus group interviews with patients (n = 6/group, a total of 12 patients) who had undergone lumbar spine surgery 4 days to 5 weeks prior to the focus group interviews...
May 15, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776855/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-kinesiophobia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-zhengzhou-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Libai Cai, Yanjin Liu, Huiping Xu, Qiulu Xu, Yanyan Wang, Peihua Lyu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of and risk factors for kinesiophobia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have not been well characterized in the literature. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of postoperative kinesiophobia among patients undergoing TKA and to identify the associated risk factors. METHODS: The simplified Chinese version of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, Knee Self-Efficacy Scale, Numerical Rating Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, and Social Support Rating Scale were used to measure kinesiophobia, self-efficacy, pain intensity, coping styles and social support, respectively...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776482/does-pain-intensity-matter-the-relation-between-coping-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-pain
#9
Alexis K Yetwin, Nicole E Mahrer, Cindy John, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Chronic pain is a complex and debilitating chronic health condition that negatively impacts a child's daily function. Previous investigations of coping behaviors in youth with chronic illness have suggested that secondary control/accommodative coping may be more adaptive than primary control/active coping or disengagement/passive coping. However, studies have not considered how pain intensity may change the effect of various coping strategies on functioning in this pediatric population...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776481/reflections-on-the-emotional-hazards-of-pediatric-oncology-nursing-four-decades-of-perspectives-and-potential
#10
REVIEW
Deborah A Boyle, Nancy Jo Bush
THEORETICAL PRINCIPLES: Pediatric oncology nurses are particularly vulnerable to emotional distress. Responsible for the oversight of a child's care, these nurses sustain close interactions with multiple patients and families over time, many of whom are coping with life-limiting diagnoses. The world of pediatric oncology nurses is one where tragedy is routinely witnessed thus demanding self-care and healing across a continuum. PHENOMENON ADDRESSED: The aim of this article is to outline and review the emotional sequelae of pediatric oncology nurses' work and to suggest interventions to support well-being in light of prolonged caregiving...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775984/static-postural-stability-in-chronic-ankle-instability-an-ankle-sprain-and-healthy-ankles
#11
Yong Ung Kwon
To identify the single leg balance (SLB) test that discriminates among healthy, coper, and chronic ankle instability (CAI) groups and to determine effects of ankle muscles on the balance error scoring system (BESS) among the three populations. 60 subjects (20 per group) performed the SLB test with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC). Normalized mean amplitude (NMA) of the tibia anterior (TA), fibularis longus (FL), and medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscles and BESS were measured while performing the SLB test. The coper group had a lower error score than the CAI group in the EC...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775693/comparison-of-coping-psychological-distress-and-level-of-functioning-in-patients-with-gastric-and-colorectal-cancer-prior-to-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#12
Caterina Calderón, Paula Jimenez-Fonseca, Carlos Jara, Raquel Hernández, Eva Martínez de Castro, Sonal Varma, Ismael Ghanem, Alberto Carmona-Bayonas
CONTEXT-: Patients with gastrointestinal cancers are at high risk for functional problems that are generally accompanied by a decline in their overall status and intense psychological distress. OBJECTIVES: This study compares the level of functioning in individuals with gastric cancer (GC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) and analyzes whether improved functioning can be explained by patients' psychological status and coping strategies. METHODS: Prospective, transversal, multicenter study in patients with non-metastatic GC and CRC prior to initiating adjuvant chemotherapy...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774649/end-of-life-trajectory-of-coping-and-self-care-of-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-meta-synthesis-using-meta-ethnography
#13
Yasuko Igai
AIM: This study aimed to extract patient narratives regarding the end-of-life trajectory of their self-care and coping experiences as patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and to use meta-ethnography to discover common metaphors of their experience in order to inform the development of nursing interventions. METHODS: A comprehensive search of qualitative research using electronic databases, in English and Japanese, regarding patients with IPF, identified four articles...
May 17, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774000/does-despotic-leadership-harm-employee-family-life-exploring-the-effects-of-emotional-exhaustion-and-anxiety
#14
Shazia Nauman, Tasneem Fatima, Inam Ul Haq
Research has not focused on the negative effects of despotic leadership on subordinates' life satisfaction and the interface between work and family. Drawing on the Conservation of Resources theory, this research investigates the mediating effect of emotional exhaustion through which despotic leadership transcends from the workplace to subordinates' personal lives, resulting in work-family conflict and decreased life satisfaction. The research also examines the moderating effect of subordinates' anxiety on the relationship of their perceptions of despotic leadership with work-family conflict and life satisfaction...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773923/brain-activity-low-self-control-and-delinquency-an-fmri-study-of-at-risk-adolescents
#15
Ryan Charles Meldrum, Elisa M Trucco, Lora M Cope, Robert A Zucker, Mary M Heitzeg
Purpose: A vast literature finds that low self-control is associated with a myriad of antisocial behaviors. Consequently, increasing attention has focused on the causes of low self-control. While criminologists have directed significant attention to studying its social causes, fewer studies have considered its neural bases. Methods: We add to this nascent body of research by using data collected on an at-risk sample of adolescents participating in the ongoing Michigan Longitudinal Study...
May 2018: Journal of Criminal Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773341/a-full-solution-for-multi-component-quantification-oriented-quality-assessment-of-herbal-medicines-chinese-agarwood-as-a-case
#16
Huixia Huo, Yao Liu, Wenjing Liu, Jing Sun, Qian Zhang, Yunfang Zhao, Jiao Zheng, Pengfei Tu, Yuelin Song, Jun Li
The quality of herbal medicines (HMs) is the prerequisite for their pronounced therapeutic outcomes in clinic, and multi-component (also known as quality markers, Q-markers) quantification has been widely emphasized as a viable means for quality evaluation. Because of the chemical diversity, the quality control practices are extensively dampened by four principal technical bottlenecks, including the lack of authentic compounds, large polarity span, extensive concentration range, and signal misrecognition for those potential Q-markers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772843/the-role-of-trp-channels-in-the-metastatic-cascade
#17
REVIEW
Benedikt Fels, Etmar Bulk, Zoltán Pethő, Albrecht Schwab
A dysregulated cellular Ca2+ homeostasis is involved in multiple pathologies including cancer. Changes in Ca2+ signaling caused by altered fluxes through ion channels and transporters (the transportome) are involved in all steps of the metastatic cascade. Cancer cells thereby "re-program" and "misuse" the cellular transportome to regulate proliferation, apoptosis, metabolism, growth factor signaling, migration and invasion. Cancer cells use their transportome to cope with diverse environmental challenges during the metastatic cascade, like hypoxic, acidic and mechanical cues...
May 17, 2018: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772446/does-interparental-conflict-decrease-following-changes-in-observed-parenting-from-a-preventive-intervention-program
#18
Alexandra D W Sullivan, Justin Parent, Rex Forehand, Bruce E Compas
Interparental conflict, which is common among families where a parent has a history of Major Depressive Disorder, is associated with deficits in parenting. Models of family functioning propose that interparental conflict and parenting behaviors are transactional in nature. Given the interdependent nature of family systems, increases in positive parenting practices may lead to subsequent decreases in interparental conflict. The current study was a secondary analysis of data from a preventive intervention to improve parenting, child coping skills, and child behavior in families with a history of parental depression...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772281/geriatric-oncology-spirituality-and-palliative-care
#19
Lodovico Balducci
Cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality for older individuals. Palliative care is essential to improve the outcome of cancer treatment in terms of quality of life and treatment satisfaction. This review examines the influence of spirituality on aging in general and on the management of older cancer patients. A spiritual perspective has been associated with successful aging, and with better tolerance of physical and emotional stress, including the ability to cope with serious diseases and with isolation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771865/repeat-hiv-testing-by-transmission-risk-group-and-rurality-of-residence-in-north-carolina
#20
Rachael M Billock, Erika Samoff, Anna B Cope, Lynne A Sampson, Christopher B Hurt, Kimberly A Powers
BACKGROUND: Understanding of repeat HIV testing (RHT) is limited and the impact of rural residence as a potential barrier to RHT is unknown. Rural populations are of particular interest in the Southeastern United States because of their disproportionate HIV burden. METHODS: We used HIV surveillance data from publicly funded HIV testing sites in North Carolina (NC) to assess repeat testing by transmission risk group and residential rurality in a retrospective cohort study...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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