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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938082/pseudacteon-phorid-flies-host-specificity-and-impacts-on-solenopsis-fire-ants
#1
Li Chen, Henry Y Fadamiro
Human commerce has resulted in the spread of the imported fire ants, Solenopsis species, worldwide. Six species of parasitic Pseudacteon phorid flies that are highly host specific to the Solenopsis saevissima complex of Solenopsis fire ants have been successfully released in the southern United States. The presence of Pseudacteon phorid flies, in addition to having direct mortality effects on their host ants, modifies foraging behavior and disrupts interspecific competition between host species and other ant species in the community...
September 22, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937923/psychological-factors-in-chronic-edema-a-case-control-study
#2
Christine J Moffatt, Aimee Aubeeluck, Peter J Franks, Debra C Doherty, Peter Mortimer, Isabelle Quere
BACKGROUND: To examine psychological health and perceived social support in patients with chronic edema (CE). METHODS AND RESULTS: A random sample of 107 patients with CE was group matched for age and gender with 102 community controls. The cases had swelling of the arm (38%) and leg (61%) and midline swelling (14%). Cases were more likely to be single or divorced/separated (p = 0.041) and have reduced mobility (p < 0.001). They had significantly poorer overall health related quality of life (HRQoL), in particular physical functioning (p = 0...
September 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937921/internalizing-risk-factors-for-college-students-alcohol-use-a-combined-person-and-variable-centered-approach
#3
Stephanie E Wemm, Stephanie M Ernestus, Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Renata Vaysman, Edelgard Wulfert, Allen C Israel
BACKGROUND: Most studies that investigate internalizing problems (i.e., depression and anxiety symptoms) and alcohol use disorders use variable-centered approaches, losing important information about differences among individuals. OBJECTIVES: To group college students by different profiles of alcohol-use risk factors using a person-centered cluster analysis in two separate samples. METHODS: Questionnaires were used in both studies to assess positive expectancies regarding alcohol use, coping motives for alcohol use, and symptoms of depression and anxiety...
September 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936643/climate-variability-affects-the-germination-strategies-exhibited-by-arid-land-plants
#4
Sarah Barga, Thomas E Dilts, Elizabeth A Leger
Spatial and temporal environmental variability can lead to variation in selection pressures across a landscape. Strategies for coping with environmental heterogeneity range from specialized phenotypic responses to a narrow range of conditions to generalist strategies that function under a range of conditions. Here, we ask how mean climate and climate variation at individual sites and across a species' range affect the specialist-generalist spectrum of germination strategies exhibited by 10 arid land forbs. We investigated these relationships using climate data for the western United States, occurrence records from herbaria, and germination trials with field-collected seeds, and predicted that generalist strategies would be most common in species that experience a high degree of climate variation or occur over a wide range of conditions...
September 21, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936424/acid-stress-response-mechanisms-of-group-b-streptococci
#5
REVIEW
Sarah Shabayek, Barbara Spellerberg
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity in the United States and Europe. It is part of the vaginal microbiota in up to 30% of pregnant women and can be passed on to the newborn through perinatal transmission. GBS has the ability to survive in multiple different host niches. The pathophysiology of this bacterium reveals an outstanding ability to withstand varying pH fluctuations of the surrounding environments inside the human host. GBS host pathogen interations include colonization of the acidic vaginal mucosa, invasion of the neutral human blood or amniotic fluid, breaching of the blood brain barrier as well as survival within the acidic phagolysosomal compartment of macrophages...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936139/does-active-ageing-contribute-to-life-satisfaction-for-older-people-testing-a-new-model-of-active-ageing
#6
Sara Marsillas, Liesbeth De Donder, Tinie Kardol, Sofie van Regenmortel, Sarah Dury, Dorien Brosens, An-Sofie Smetcoren, Teresa Braña, Jesús Varela
Several debates have emerged across the literature about the conceptualisation of active ageing. The aim of this study is to develop a model of the construct that is focused on the individual, including different elements of people's lives that have the potential to be modified by intervention programs. Moreover, the paper examines the contributions of active ageing to life satisfaction, as well as the possible predictive role of coping styles on active ageing. For this purpose, a representative sample of 404 Galician (Spain) community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥60 years) were interviewed using a structured survey...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935516/internet-delivered-physiotherapist-prescribed-exercise-and-pain-coping-skills-training-is-beneficial-for-people-with-chronic-knee-pain-commentary
#7
Håvard Østerås, Lennart Bentsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935433/intersectorality-and-social-participation-as-coping-policies-for-health-inequities-worldwide
#8
Regina Celia Fiorati, Ricardo A Arcêncio, Javier Segura Del Pozo, Milagros Ramasco-Gutiérrez, Pilar Serrano-Gallardo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact that intersectoral policies and social participation, implemented worldwide, have had on the modification of the social determinants for health and on the reduction of social health inequities. METHOD: A scoping review of the literature published in the period 2005-2015 was performed. The literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scielo databases. Two researchers reviewed each document. Data were analysed according to the intersectoral action and social participation variables and according to the theoretical frameworks of the Social Determinants Model of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) and the theoretical constructs of Social Capital (SC) and Life Course (LC)...
September 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934981/the-effect-of-psychological-interventions-on-the-prevention-of-chronic-pain-in-adults-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Mélanie Bérubé, Céline Gélinas, Manon Choinière, Nancy Feeley, Géraldine Martorella, Stefan Parent, David L Streiner
BACKGROUND: Numerous psychological risk and protective factors have been identified as contributing to or preventing the development of the prevalent issue of chronic pain. Systematic reviews of studies on psychological interventions that tackle these factors have shown limited effects on chronic pain. Therefore, implementing psychological interventions before pain becomes chronic has been put forward. However, the efficacy of such interventions in preventing the transition from acute to chronic pain has not yet been systematically assessed...
September 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934907/the-use-of-assistive-technologies-after-stroke-is-debunking-the-myths-about-the-elderly
#10
Marija Tomšič, Barbara Domajnko, Melita Zajc
Background Through the concept of ageism, we highlight and explain how the society prejudices the elderly. WHO classifies 12 most common stereotypes pertaining to old age. Elderly people are being excluded from social life due to their chronological age rather than any actual reduced physical and/or mental ability. Some of these stereotypes are directly related to the (un)willingness and the ability of the elderly to use technology in everyday life. Objectives The study presented in this article aims to explain the phenomenon of technology use among elderly people who had had a stroke...
September 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934765/qualitative-study-the-experience-and-impact-of-living-with-behcet-s-syndrome
#11
Vicky Tai, Karen Lindsay, Joanne L Sims, Fiona M McQueen
AIM: Behcet's syndrome is a rare chronic multisystemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology, is unpredictable and can cause life-threatening complications. This qualitative study aims to explore the experiences of patients living with Behcet's syndrome in New Zealand. METHODS: Eight English-speaking patients participated in in-depth semi-structured interviews about their experiences of living with Behcet's syndrome. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. Data were analysed using a general inductive thematic approach...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934612/measuring-and-modeling-for-the-assessment-of-the-genetic-background-behind-cognitive-processes-in-donkeys
#12
Francisco Javier Navas, Jordi Jordana, José Manuel León, Ander Arando, Gabriela Pizarro, Amy Katherine McLean, Juan Vicente Delgado
New productive niches can offer new commercial perspectives linked to donkeys' products and human therapeutic or leisure applications. However, no assessment for selection criteria has been carried out yet. First, we assessed the animal inherent features and environmental factors that may potentially influence several cognitive processes in donkeys. Then, we aimed at describing a practical methodology to quantify such cognitive processes, seeking their inclusion in breeding and conservation programmes, through a multifactorial linear model...
September 14, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934401/lessons-learned-for-reducing-the-negative-impact-of-adverse-events-on-patients-health-professionals-and-healthcare-organizations
#13
Jose Joaquin Mira, Susana Lorenzo, Irene Carrillo, Lena Ferrús, Carmen Silvestre, Pilar Astier, Fuencisla Iglesias-Alonso, Jose Angel Maderuelo, Pastora Pérez-Pérez, Maria Luisa Torijano, Elena Zavala, Susan D Scott
Purpose: To summarize the knowledge about the aftermath of adverse events (AEs) and develop a recommendation set to reduce their negative impact in patients, health professionals and organizations in contexts where there is no previous experiences and apology laws are not present. Data sources: Review studies published between 2000 and 2015, institutional websites and experts' opinions on patient safety. Study selection: Studies published and websites on open disclosure, and the second and third victims' phenomenon...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934285/cost-of-illness-of-cholera-to-households-and-health-facilities-in-rural-malawi
#14
Patrick G Ilboudo, Xiao Xian Huang, Bagrey Ngwira, Abel Mwanyungwe, Vittal Mogasale, Martin A Mengel, Philippe Cavailler, Bradford D Gessner, Jean-Bernard Le Gargasson
Cholera remains an important public health problem in many low- and middle-income countries. Vaccination has been recommended as a possible intervention for the prevention and control of cholera. Evidence, especially data on disease burden, cost-of-illness, delivery costs and cost-effectiveness to support a wider use of vaccine is still weak. This study aims at estimating the cost-of-illness of cholera to households and health facilities in Machinga and Zomba Districts, Malawi. A cross-sectional study using retrospectively collected cost data was undertaken in this investigation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934164/spatial-copula-model-for-imputing-traffic-flow-data-from-remote-microwave-sensors
#15
Xiaolei Ma, Sen Luan, Bowen Du, Bin Yu
Issues of missing data have become increasingly serious with the rapid increase in usage of traffic sensors. Analyses of the Beijing ring expressway have showed that up to 50% of microwave sensors pose missing values. The imputation of missing traffic data must be urgently solved although a precise solution that cannot be easily achieved due to the significant number of missing portions. In this study, copula-based models are proposed for the spatial interpolation of traffic flow from remote traffic microwave sensors...
September 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934037/middle-range-theory-coping-and-adaptation-with-active-aging
#16
Martha Elba Salazar-Barajas, Bertha Cecilia Salazar-González, Esther Carlota Gallegos-Cabriales
Various disciplines focus on a multiplicity of aspects of aging: lifestyles, personal biological factors, psychological conditions, health conditions, physical environment, and social and economic factors. The aforementioned are all related to the determinants of active aging. The aim is to describe the development of a middle-range theory based on coping and adaptation with active aging. Concepts and relationships derived from Roy's model of adaptation are included. The proposed concepts are hope, health habits, coping with aging, social relations, and active aging...
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933989/role-of-pex5-ubiquitination-in-maintaining-peroxisome-dynamics-and-homeostasis
#17
Wei Wang, Suresh Subramani
Peroxisomes are essential and dynamic organelles that allow cells to rapidly adapt and cope with changing environments and/or physiological conditions by modulation of both peroxisome biogenesis and turnover. Peroxisome biogenesis involves the assembly of peroxisome membranes and the import of peroxisomal matrix proteins. The latter depends on the receptor, PEX5, which recognizes peroxisomal matrix proteins in the cytosol directly or indirectly, and transports them to the peroxisomal lumen. In this review, we discuss the role of PEX5 ubiquitination in both peroxisome biogenesis and turnover, specifically in PEX5 receptor recycling, stability and abundance, as well as its role in pexophagy (autophagic degradation of peroxisomes)...
September 21, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933922/alan-gregg-the-diary-of-a-thoughtful-eye-witness
#18
Susan Ladwig, Theodore Brown
After two years of discussions and delays surrounding his eventual departure, Alan Gregg, the 37-year-old associate director of the Rockefeller Foundation's Division of Medical Education (DME), set out from his Paris, France, office in late November 1927, destined for a 17-day trip to Moscow and Leningrad in the Soviet Union. His mission-the first time a Rockefeller officer had ever set foot on Soviet soil(1)-was to gather first-hand knowledge about the state of public health and medical education in Russia, as a precursor for offering training fellowships to Russian physicians...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933869/do-alcohol-use-reasons-and-contexts-differentiate-adolescent-high-intensity-drinking-data-from-u-s-high-school-seniors-2005-2016
#19
Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, Stephanie A Stern, Megan E Patrick
The purpose of this study was to examine associations between (a) self-reported reasons for and contexts of alcohol use and (b) high-intensity drinking (i.e., having 10+ drinks in a row in the past 2 weeks) among national samples of U.S. 12th grade students. Data were obtained from 16,902 students who reported any past 12-month alcohol use from nationally representative annual 12th grade student samples from 2005-2016. When asked about drinking behavior during the past 2 weeks, 72% reported consuming less than 5 drinks at most during 1 drinking occasion; 14% reported 5-9 drinks, 7% reported 10-14 drinks, and 7% reported 15+ drinks...
September 21, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933739/inoculation-with-azospirillum-sp-and-herbaspirillum-sp-bacteria-increases-the-tolerance-of-maize-to-drought-stress
#20
José Alfredo Curá, Diego Reinaldo Franz, Julián Ezequiel Filosofía, Karina Beatríz Balestrasse, Lautaro Exequiel Burgueño
Stress drought is an important abiotic factor that leads to immense losses in crop yields around the world. Strategies are urgently needed to help plants adapt to drought in order to mitigate crop losses. Here we investigated the bioprotective effects of inoculating corn grown under drought conditions with two types of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), A. brasilense, strain SP-7, and H. seropedicae, strain Z-152. Plants inoculated with the bacteria were grown in a greenhouse with perlite as a substrate...
July 26, 2017: Microorganisms
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