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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141397/supporting-low-income-cancer-patients-recommendations-for-the-public-financial-aid-program-in-the-republic-of-korea
#1
Hye Sook Min, Hyung Kook Yang, Keeho Park
Purpose: As the recent term of "financial toxicity" implies, cancer causes a treatment-related financial harm. Financial Aid Program for Cancer Patient (FAPCP) is a government's financial support for low-income patients in the Republic of Korea. This study aimed to describe FAPCP applicants' condition and to investigate factors influencing financial burden, which would provide the basis for implementing a strategy for FAPCP administration. Materials and Methods: The telephone survey results from 2,700 FAPCP participants were analyzed, including demographic, socioeconomic, and disease characteristics and experiences associated with financial burden and the actions or measures to cope with them...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140885/john-henryism-coping-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-young-black-adults
#2
Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Gregory E Miller, Katherine B Ehrlich, Edith Chen
OBJECTIVE: To test the novel hypothesis that, among Black Americans who used John Henryism coping, those from low socioeconomic status backgrounds would be more likely to develop metabolic syndrome than would those from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: This is an ancillary analysis of SHAPE, a longitudinal cohort of 391 Black youths and their caregivers. From ages 11 to 18 years, family socioeconomic status was assessed. At age 25, John Henryism was assessed, blood samples were drawn, and measurements were taken of blood pressure and waist circumference...
November 15, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140873/experienced-hiv-related-stigma-in-healthcare-and-community-settings-mediated-associations-with-psychosocial-and-health-outcomes
#3
Emma Sophia Kay, Whitney S Rice, Kaylee B Crockett, Ghislaine C Atkins, D Scott Batey, Bulent Turan
INTRODUCTION: There are multiple dimensions of HIV-related stigma that can compromise the mental and physical health of people living with HIV (PLWH). We focused on the dimension of experienced stigma, defined as exposure to acts of discrimination, devaluation, and prejudice, and investigated its relationship with HIV health and psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: We examined associations between experienced stigma in the community and healthcare settings and psychosocial and health outcomes for PLWH (N=203) receiving care at an urban HIV clinic in the Southeastern United States...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140772/role-of-patient-coping-strategies-in-understanding-the-effects-of-early-palliative-care-on-quality-of-life-and-mood
#4
Joseph A Greer, Jamie M Jacobs, Areej El-Jawahri, Ryan D Nipp, Emily R Gallagher, William F Pirl, Elyse R Park, Alona Muzikansky, Juliet C Jacobsen, Vicki A Jackson, Jennifer S Temel
Purpose The early integration of oncology and palliative care (EIPC) improves quality of life (QOL) and mood for patients with advanced cancer. However, the mechanisms by which EIPC benefits these outcomes remain unclear. We therefore examined whether EIPC improved patients' coping strategies and if changes in coping accounted for intervention effects on QOL and depressive symptoms. Patients and Methods For this secondary analysis of an EIPC trial, we examined data from 350 patients with newly diagnosed incurable lung or GI cancer...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140755/expression-of-concern
#5
(no author information available yet)
The Journal Editors hereby issue this note of an expression of concern for the following publication: Benjamin, A. J., Jr., Kepes, S., & Bushman, B. J. (2017). Effects of weapons on aggressive thoughts, angry feelings, hostile appraisals, and aggressive behavior: A meta-analytic review of the weapons effect literature. Personality and Social Psychology Review. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/1088868317725419 The authors of this manuscript contacted the editors indicating they had discovered some errors in the computation of effect sizes in their meta-analysis...
November 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#6
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140152/trend-analysis-of-20-years-of-fim-road-racing-grand-prix-motorcycle-world-championship
#7
Emanuele D'Artibale, Maheswaran Rohan, John B Cronin
BACKGROUND/AIM: The technological advancements in motorcycle road racing have ensured the evolution of motorcycle performance, however, it is unknown whether these advancements have resulted in increased speed and therefore risk. To better understand the top level of this sport and inform future regulations, performance-related strategies and safety procedures, this study aims at: 1) analysing and describing how the performance characteristics of the top-class of the FIM Grand Prix motorcycle world championship have changed with time; and, 2) quantifying potential interactions between performance data (i...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138705/physiotherapy-and-rehabilitation-in-a-child-with-joubert-syndrome
#8
Özge İpek, Özge Akyolcu, Banu Bayar
Objective: Joubert syndrome (JS) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by brain malformation, hypotonia, breathing abnormalities, ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, and developmental delay. The purpose of this study was to report the efficiency of the physiotherapy and rehabilitation program in a child with JS. Materials and Methods: Our case is a 19-month-old female child with mild clinical signs of JS. The pretreatment and posttreatment motor functioning level of the case was evaluated through the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), whereas the independence level was evaluated through the Pediatric Functional Independence Measure (WeeFIM)...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138539/patient-reported-benefits-from-patient-organization-magazines-and-internet-based-peer-support-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#9
Vinaya Manchaiah, Ilmari Pyykkö, Jing Zou, Hilla Levo, Erna Kentala
Objectives: To facilitate self-help, the Finnish Ménière's Federation (FMF) provides various kinds of support to persons with Ménière's disease (MD), which includes patient magazines (PM) and Internet-based peer support (iPS). The current study aimed to evaluate the benefits reported by MD patients in terms of PM and iPS. Method: The study used a cross-sectional survey design with a mixture of structured and open-ended questions administered online. A sample of 185 patients from the FMF membership database provided complete data...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138498/glutaredoxin-1-mediates-the-protective-effect-of-steady-laminar-flow-on-endothelial-cells-against-oxidative-stress-induced-apoptosis-via-inhibiting-bim
#10
Yao Li, Meng Ren, Xiaoqun Wang, Xingxing Cui, Hongmei Zhao, Chuanrong Zhao, Jing Zhou, Yanan Guo, Yi Hu, Chen Yan, Bradford Berk, Jing Wang
Endothelial cell apoptosis induced by oxidative stress is an early event in the development of atherosclerosis. Several antioxidant enzymes which can cope with oxidative stress are up-regulated by the anti-atherogenic laminar blood flow often seen in straight or unbranched regions of blood vessels. However, the molecular mechanism responsible for flow-induced beneficial effects is incompletely understood. Here we report the role of glutaredoxin 1 (Grx1), an antioxidant enzyme, in flow-mediated protective effect in endothelial cells...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137693/another-chance-at-life-jordanian-patients-experience-of-going-through-a-myocardial-infarction
#11
Ali Ahmad Ammouri, Joy Kabasindi Kamanyire, Ahmad H Abu Raddaha, Susan Achora, Arwa Atef Obeidat
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening health condition that has physical, spiritual, emotional, and social changes. Understanding feelings and thoughts of patients who suffered MI attacks is essential to recovery. Among Jordanian patients who suffered an acute attack of MI, the aim of the study was to describe the experiences and the varied meanings that they assign to their experiences. METHODS: A qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological research design was used...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137656/how-brunei-trainee-teachers-cope-with-distress-counseling-implications
#12
Lawrence Mundia
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the strategies used by student teachers when dealing with distress during training. Specifically, this study addressed the following research goals: (1) identify Ways of Coping that predict achievement on a quantitative reasoning test; (2) determine participants' coping differences per sex, age, and ability in quantitative reasoning; and (3) reveal coping strategies that work best for each and both sexes in fostering academic achievement in quantitative reasoning...
November 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137586/burnout-and-the-learning-environment-of-anaesthetic-trainees
#13
D J Castanelli, S A Wickramaarachchi, S Wallis
Burnout has a high prevalence among healthcare workers and is increasingly recognised as an environmental problem rather than reflecting a personal inability to cope with work stress. We distributed an electronic survey, which included the Maslach Burnout Inventory Health Services Survey and a previously validated learning environment instrument, to 281 Victorian anaesthetic trainees. The response rate was 50%. We found significantly raised rates of burnout in two of three subscales. Ninety-one respondents (67%) displayed evidence of burnout in at least one domain, with 67 (49%) reporting high emotional exhaustion and 57 (42%) reporting high depersonalisation...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136603/prolonged-grief-reactions-after-old-age-spousal-loss-and-centrality-of-the-loss-in-post-loss-identity
#14
Lena Eckholdt, Lynn Watson, Maja O'Connor
BACKGROUND: The loss of a spouse is a major life event. Previous research found that centrality of the loss to one's identity using Centrality of Event Scale (CES) is related to complicated bereavement reactions, such as depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS), and prolonged grief symptoms (PGS). This study aims to examine loss-centrality in elderly bereaved people up to 4 years post loss, to determine the relation of loss-centrality to complicated bereavement reactions, such as PGS, depression, and PTS, and to identify early predictors of loss-centrality...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136417/occupational-exposure-to-inhalable-manganese-at-german-workplaces
#15
Benjamin Kendzia, Rainer Van Gelder, Tobias Schwank, Cornelia Hagemann, Wolfgang Zschiesche, Thomas Behrens, Tobias Weiss, Thomas Brüning, Beate Pesch
Due to mounting evidence of neurotoxic effects of manganese (Mn) already at low concentrations, occupational exposure limits (OELs) have been adopted. We analyzed 5771 personal measurements of inhalable manganese (Mn) together with information on sampling conditions and job tasks from the German exposure database Messdaten zur Exposition gegenüber Gefahrstoffen am Arbeitsplatz (MEGA) to assess exposure levels in welders and other occupations between 1989 and 2015. Geometric means (GMs) of exposure to Mn were estimated for various occupational settings adjusted for 2-h sampling duration and analytical method, centered at 2009...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136039/exposure-time-running-and-skill-related-performance-in-international-u20-rugby-union-players-during-an-intensified-tournament
#16
Christopher J Carling, Mathieu Lacome, Eamon Flanagan, Pearse O'Doherty, Julien Piscione
PURPOSE: This study investigated exposure time, running and skill-related performance in two international u20 rugby union teams during an intensified tournament: the 2015 Junior World Rugby Championship. METHOD: Both teams played 5 matches in 19 days. Analyses were conducted using global positioning system (GPS) tracking (Viper 2™, Statsports Technologies Ltd) and event coding (Opta Pro®). RESULTS: Of the 62 players monitored, 36 (57.1%) participated in 4 matches and 23 (36...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135793/an-ecological-model-of-well-being-after-sexual-assault-the-voices-of-victims-and-survivors
#17
Pamela Wadsworth, Eve Krahe, Kim Searing
In this article, the authors describe factors that enhance or detract from well-being after adult sexual assault from the perspective of sexual assault victims and survivors. The authors present a holistic view of the complex ways in which women respond to and cope with the impact of adult sexual assault while trying to create a sense of well-being. The forces that facilitate or detract from well-being are organized into an ecological model. The data originate from a grounded theory study in 2015, with 22 adult female adult sexual assault victims/survivors...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135570/the-spillover-influence-of-partner-s-education-on-myocardial-infarction-incidence-and-survival
#18
Fanny Kilpi, Pekka Martikainen, Hanna Konttinen, Karri Silventoinen, Jenny Torssander, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND: Education is believed to have positive spillover effects across network connections. Partner's education may be an important resource preventing the incidence of disease and helping patients cope with illness. We examined how partner's education predicted myocardial infarction (MI) incidence and survival net of own education and other socioeconomic resources in Finland. METHODS: A sample of adults aged 40-69 at baseline in Finland in 1990 was followed up for MI incidence and mortality during the period 1991-2007 (n=354,100)...
November 9, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134922/exploring-the-relationship-between-postmigratory-stressors-and-mental-health-for-asylum-seekers-and-refused-asylum-seekers-in-the-uk
#19
Gareth Morgan, Steve Melluish, Alice Welham
Numerous studies have linked the high rates of traumatic events experienced by refugees to the elevated rate of mental health problems in these populations. A growing body of evidence has also highlighted the importance of considering postmigratory stressors when making sense of displaced person distress. This study explored the relationship between mental health and postmigratory stress for asylum seekers and refused asylum seekers in Britain. The study further examined if those refused asylum experienced elevated distress and postmigratory stress compared to those awaiting the outcome of asylum applications...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134877/updates-from-the-committee-on-publication-ethics-cope
#20
Geraldine S Pearson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
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