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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633672/influence-of-the-number-and-timing-of-malaria-episodes-during-pregnancy-on-prematurity-and-small-for-gestational-age-in-an-area-of-low-transmission
#1
Kerryn A Moore, Julie A Simpson, Jacher Wiladphaingern, Aung Myat Min, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Jathee Raksuansak, Sasithon Pukrittayakamee, Freya J I Fowkes, Nicholas J White, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Most evidence on the association between malaria in pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes focuses on falciparum malaria detected at birth. We assessed the association between the number and timing of falciparum and vivax malaria episodes during pregnancy on small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and preterm birth. METHODS: We analysed observational data collected from antenatal clinics on the Thailand-Myanmar border (1986-2015). We assessed the effects of the total number of malaria episodes in pregnancy on SGA and the effects of malaria in pregnancy on SGA, very preterm birth, and late preterm birth, by the gestational age at malaria detection and treatment using logistic regression models with time-dependent malaria variables (monthly intervals)...
June 21, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630631/urinalysis-and-clinical-correlations-in-patients-with-p-vivax-or-p-falciparum-malaria-from-colombia
#2
Alberto Tobón-Castaño, Sebastián Barrera Escobar, Cecilia Giraldo Castro
BACKGROUND: Urinalysis is a poorly reviewed diagnostic tool in malaria patients; its application can show the presence of severe malaria. METHODS: Urinalysis was performed in a total of 620 patients diagnosed with malaria by thick blood smear; complications were classified according to WHO major criteria for severity and minor criteria according to the Colombian malaria guideline. RESULTS: Severe or moderate clinical complications were diagnosed in 31...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630585/identification-of-the-plasmodium-species-in-clinical-samples-from-children-residing-in-five-epidemiological-strata-of-malaria-in-cameroon
#3
Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, Longdoh Anna Njunda, Andreas Latz, Kukwah Anthony Tufon, Theresa Nkuo-Akenji
BACKGROUND: Malaria in Cameroon was previously known to be caused solely by Plasmodium falciparum but today, evidence points to other Plasmodium species including P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae. The purpose of this study was to identify the Plasmodium species in clinical samples from children residing in five epidemiological strata of malaria in Cameroon, so as to advise control policies. METHODS: One thousand six hundred nine febrile children (≤15 years) were recruited from five epidemiological strata of malaria including the Sudano-sahelian (SS) strata, the High inland plateau (HIP) strata, the South Cameroonian Equatorial forest (SCEF) strata, the High western plateau (HWP) strata and the Coastal (C) strata...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628279/acyclic-nucleoside-phosphonates-containing-9-deazahypoxanthine-and-a-5-membered-heterocycle-as-selective-inhibitors-of-plasmodial-6-oxopurine-phosphoribosyltransferases
#4
Martin Maxmilian Kaiser, Ondřej Baszczyňski, Dana Hocková, Lenka Poštová-Slavětínská, Martin Dračínský, Dianne T Keough, Luke W Guddat, Zlatko Janeba
Acyclic nucleoside phosphonates (ANPs) are an important class of therapeutic drugs that act as antiviral agents by inhibiting viral DNA polymerases and reverse transcriptases. ANPs containing a 6-oxopurine instead of 6-aminopurine or pyrimidine bases are inhibitors of the purine salvage enzyme, hypoxanthine-guanine-[xanthine]-phosphoribosyltransferase (HG[X]PRT). Such compounds, and their prodrugs, are able to arrest the growth of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) in cell culture. A new series of ANPs has been synthesized and tested as inhibitors of human HGPRT, PfHGXPRT and Plasmodium vivax (Pv) HGPRT...
June 19, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626547/structure-guided-optimization-of-quinoline-inhibitors-of-plasmodium-n-myristoyltransferase
#5
Victor Goncalves, James A Brannigan, Alice Laporte, Andrew S Bell, Shirley M Roberts, Anthony J Wilkinson, Robin J Leatherbarrow, Edward W Tate
The parasite Plasmodium vivax is the most widely distributed cause of recurring malaria. N-Myristoyltransferase (NMT), an enzyme that catalyses the covalent attachment of myristate to the N-terminal glycine of substrate proteins, has been described as a potential target for the treatment of this disease. Herein, we report the synthesis and the structure-guided optimization of a series of quinolines with balanced activity against both Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum N-myristoyltransferase (NMT).
January 1, 2017: MedChemComm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626211/once-malaria-is-eliminated-more-attention-should-be-paid-to-imported-malaria-data-from-five-years-of-surveillance-in-the-city-of-yiwu-in-eastern-china
#6
Xuanjun Dong, Jie Yang, Lianqin Lou, Liebo Zhu, Xiayan Feng, Linong Yao
This study reviewed and analyzed data on malaria cases in Yiwu from 2012 to 2016 via a webbased system for managing and reporting information on infectious diseases. A total of 161 cases were diagnosed (77.02% due to Plasmodium falciparum, 18.01% due to P. vivax, 4.35% due to P. ovale, and 0.62% due to P. malariae). One case was imported from Yunnan Province in China and the others were imported from overseas. The ratio of male to female patients was 7.47:1. The average age was 36.34 years (SD: 9.63). Most cases (87...
June 18, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619120/g6pd-deficiency-alleles-in-a-malaria-endemic-region-in-the-western-brazilian-amazon
#7
Jamille G Dombrowski, Rodrigo M Souza, Jonathan Curry, Laura Hinton, Natercia R M Silva, Lynn Grignard, Ligia A Gonçalves, Ana Rita Gomes, Sabrina Epiphanio, Chris Drakeley, Jim Huggett, Taane G Clark, Susana Campino, Claudio R F Marinho
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax parasites are the predominant cause of malaria infections in the Brazilian Amazon. Infected individuals are treated with primaquine, which can induce haemolytic anaemia in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient individuals and may lead to severe and fatal complications. This X-linked disorder is distributed globally and is caused by allelic variants with a geographical distribution that closely reflects populations exposed historically to endemic malaria...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616358/parkinsonism-and-tremor-in-a-patient-with-plasmodium-vivax-malaria
#8
Jung E Park
BACKGROUND: A 57-year-old male diagnosed with Plasmodium vivax malaria presented with a subacute onset of hand tremor, slowness, and gait difficulty. PHENOMENOLOGY: A bilateral upper extremity kinetic tremor was seen, as well as a right upper extremity rigidity and body bradykinesia. EDUCATIONAL VALUE: Parkinsonism and tremor are neurological manifestations that may occur in malaria as a result of globus pallidi and dentate nuclei involvement...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615858/molecular-diagnosis-of-cattle-trypanosomes-in-venezuela-evidences-of-trypanosoma-evansi-and-trypanosoma-vivax-infections
#9
J R Ramírez-Iglesias, M C Eleizalde, A Reyna-Bello, M Mendoza
In South America Trypanosoma evansi has been determined by molecular methods in cattle from Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Peru, reason for which the presence of this parasite is not excluded in Venezuelan livestock. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform parasitological and molecular diagnosis of cattle trypanosomosis in small livestock units from two regions in this country. The parasitological diagnosis was carried out by MHCT and the molecular by PCR using genus-specific ITS1 primers that differentiate T...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615855/genetic-diversity-among-trypanosoma-vivax-strains-detected-in-naturally-infected-cattle-in-nigeria-based-on-its1-of-rdna-and-diagnostic-antigen-gene-sequences
#10
Michael I Takeet, Benjamin O Fagbemi, Sunday O Peters, Marcos DeDonato, Abdul-Mojeed Yakubu, Mathew Wheto, Ikhide G Imumorin
Trypanosoma vivax (sub-genus Duttonella) is largely responsible for non profitable livestock production in sub-Sahara Africa. In Nigeria, no study has addressed the molecular characteristic of T. vivax except Y486. Hence, we characterized and assessed the genetic diversity among T. vivax detected in naturally infected cattle in Nigeria using internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) of ribosoma DNA (rDNA) and diagnostic antigen gene (DAG) sequences. The length of ITS1 and DAG sequences range from 215-220 to 257-338 bp, respectively and the mean G-C contents were 60 and 61...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614791/human-vaccination-against-plasmodium-vivax-duffy-binding-protein-induces-strain-transcending-antibodies
#11
Ruth O Payne, Sarah E Silk, Sean C Elias, Kathryn H Milne, Thomas A Rawlinson, David Llewellyn, A Rushdi Shakri, Jing Jin, Geneviève M Labbé, Nick J Edwards, Ian D Poulton, Rachel Roberts, Ryan Farid, Thomas Jørgensen, Daniel Gw Alanine, Simone C de Cassan, Matthew K Higgins, Thomas D Otto, James S McCarthy, Willem A de Jongh, Alfredo Nicosia, Sarah Moyle, Adrian Vs Hill, Eleanor Berrie, Chetan E Chitnis, Alison M Lawrie, Simon J Draper
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax is the most widespread human malaria geographically; however, no effective vaccine exists. Red blood cell invasion by the P. vivax merozoite depends on an interaction between the Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) and region II of the parasite's Duffy-binding protein (PvDBP_RII). Naturally acquired binding-inhibitory antibodies against this interaction associate with clinical immunity, but it is unknown whether these responses can be induced by human vaccination...
June 15, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606317/molecular-occurrence-of-trypanosomes-erythrocyte-and-serum-sialic-acid-concentrations-of-muturu-and-bunaji-cattle-in-benue-state-nigeria
#12
Samuel Ode, Mathew Adamu, Moeti Taioe, Oriel Thekisoe, Sani Adamu, Daniel I Saror
One hundred each, of Muturu and Bunaji cattle were screened, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), for trypanosomes in Makurdi and Gboko Local Government Areas of Benue State, Nigeria. Erythrocyte surface sialic acid (ESSA) and free serum sialic acid (FSSA) concentrations were determined and compared in both breeds with the aim of providing baseline data for research and diagnostic purposes. Five per cent (5%) and 23% of the Muturu and Bunaji cattle, respectively, were positive for trypanosomes. The result at p=0...
August 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604825/burden-and-impact-of-plasmodium-vivax-in-pregnancy-a-multi-centre-prospective-observational-study
#13
Azucena Bardají, Flor Ernestina Martínez-Espinosa, Myriam Arévalo-Herrera, Norma Padilla, Swati Kochar, Maria Ome-Kaius, Camila Bôtto-Menezes, María Eugenia Castellanos, Dhanpat Kumar Kochar, Sanjay Kumar Kochar, Inoni Betuela, Ivo Mueller, Stephen Rogerson, Chetan Chitnis, Dhiraj Hans, Michela Menegon, Carlo Severini, Hernando Del Portillo, Carlota Dobaño, Alfredo Mayor, Jaume Ordi, Mireia Piqueras, Sergi Sanz, Mats Wahlgren, Laurence Slutsker, Meghna Desai, Clara Menéndez
BACKGROUND: Despite that over 90 million pregnancies are at risk of Plasmodium vivax infection annually, little is known about the epidemiology and impact of the infection in pregnancy. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We undertook a health facility-based prospective observational study in pregnant women from Guatemala (GT), Colombia (CO), Brazil (BR), India (IN) and Papua New Guinea PNG). Malaria and anemia were determined during pregnancy and fetal outcomes assessed at delivery...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601510/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-symmetric-acyclic-nucleoside-bisphosphonates-as-inhibitors-of-the-plasmodium-falciparum-plasmodium-vivax-and-human-6-oxopurine-phosphoribosyltransferases-and-the-antimalarial-activity-of-their-prodrugs
#14
Petr Špaček, Dianne T Keough, Marina Chavchich, Martin Dračínský, Zlatko Janeba, Lieve Naesens, Michael D Edstein, Luke W Guddat, Dana Hocková
Two new series of symmetric acyclic nucleoside bisphosphonates (ANbPs) have been synthesised as potential inhibitors of the Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) and vivax (Pv) 6-oxopurine phosphoribosyltransferases. The structural variability between these symmetric ANbPs lies in the number of atoms in the two acyclic linkers connecting the N(9) atom of the purine base to each of two phosphonate groups and the branching point of the acyclic moiety relative to the purine base, which occurs at either the alpha or beta positions...
May 24, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600217/limited-genetic-diversity-in-the-global-plasmodium-vivax-cell-traversal-protein-of-ookinetes-and-sporozoites-celtos-sequences-implications-for-pvceltos-based-vaccine-development
#15
Akram Abouie Mehrizi, Fatemeh Torabi, Sedigheh Zakeri, Navid Dinparast Djadid
Cell traversal protein of Ookinetes and Sporozoites (CelTOS) is a new malaria vaccine candidate antigen. Since one of the main challenges in malaria vaccine development is the extensive antigenic diversity of this parasite, local and global gene diversity analysis is of particular importance. Therefore, in this study, the genetic diversity of pvceltos gene was investigated among Iranian P. vivax isolates (n=46) and compared with available worldwide pvceltos sequences. One synonymous (C109A) and three amino acid replacements (V118L, K178T, and G179R) were observed in Iranian pvceltos sequences in compare with Sal-1 sequence leading to five haplotypes including PvCelt-A (GSVKGL, 13%), PvCelt-B (GSLKGL, 50%), PvCelt-C (GSLTGL, 17...
June 6, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595603/current-and-cumulative-malaria-infections-in-a-setting-embarking-on-elimination-amhara-ethiopia
#16
Woyneshet G Yalew, Sampa Pal, Pooja Bansil, Rebecca Dabbs, Kevin Tetteh, Caterina Guinovart, Michael Kalnoky, Belendia A Serda, Berhane H Tesfay, Belay B Beyene, Catherine Seneviratne, Megan Littrell, Lindsay Yokobe, Gregory S Noland, Gonzalo J Domingo, Asefaw Getachew, Chris Drakeley, Richard W Steketee
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, Ethiopia has aggressively scaled up malaria prevention and case management. As a result, the number of malaria cases and deaths has significantly declined. In order to track progress towards the elimination of malaria in Amhara Region, coverage of malaria control tools and current malaria transmission need to be documented. METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey oversampling children under 5 years of age was conducted during the dry season in 2013...
June 8, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591790/asian-g6pd-mahidol-reticulocytes-sustain-normal-plasmodium-vivax-development
#17
Germana Bancone, Benoit Malleret, Rossarin Suwanarusk, Nongnud Chowwiwat, Cindy S Chu, Rose McGready, Laurent Rénia, François Nosten, Bruce Russell
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzymatic disorder in humans and appears to be protective against falciparum severe malaria. Controversially, it is also thought that Plasmodium vivax has driven the recent selection of G6PD alleles. We use an experimental approach to determine whether G6PD-MahidolG487A variant, a widespread cause of severe G6PD deficiency in Southeast Asia, provides a barrier against vivax malaria. Our results show that the immature reticulocytes (CD71+) targeted by P...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587615/genome-wide-scans-for-the-identification-of-plasmodium-vivax-genes-under-positive-selection
#18
Hai-Mo Shen, Shen-Bo Chen, Yue Wang, Bin Xu, Eniola Michael Abe, Jun-Hu Chen
BACKGROUND: The current trend of Plasmodium vivax cases imported from Southeast Asia into China has sharply increased recently, especially from the China-Myanmar border (CMB) area. High recombination rates of P. vivax populations associated with varied transmission intensity might cause distinct local selective pressures. The information on the genetic variability of P. vivax in this area is scant. Hence, this study assessed the genetic diversity of P. vivax genome sequence in CMB area and aimed to provide information on the positive selection of new gene loci...
June 6, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583133/comparative-physical-genome-mapping-of-malaria-vectors-anopheles-sinensis-and-anopheles-gambiae
#19
Yun Wei, Biao Cheng, Guoding Zhu, Danyu Shen, Jiangtao Liang, Cong Wang, Jing Wang, Jianxia Tang, Jun Cao, Igor V Sharakhov, Ai Xia
BACKGROUND: Anopheles sinensis is a dominant natural vector of Plasmodium vivax in China, Taiwan, Japan, and Korea. Recent genome sequencing of An. sinensis provides important insights into the genomic basis of vectorial capacity. However, the lack of a physical genome map with chromosome assignment and orientation of sequencing scaffolds hinders comparative analyses with other genomes to infer evolutionary changes relevant to the vector capacity. RESULTS: Here, a physical genome map for An...
June 5, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578709/genetic-diversity-of-plasmodium-vivax-revealed-by-the-merozoite-surface-protein-1-icb5-6-fragment
#20
Wei Ruan, Ling-Ling Zhang, Yan Feng, Xuan Zhang, Hua-Liang Chen, Qiao-Yi Lu, Li-Nong Yao, Wei Hu
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax remains a potential cause of morbidity and mortality for people living in its endemic areas. Understanding the genetic diversity of P. vivax from different regions is valuable for studying population dynamics and tracing the origins of parasites. The PvMSP-1 gene is highly polymorphic and has been used as a marker in many P. vivax population studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity of the PvMSP-1 gene icb5-6 fragment and to provide more genetic polymorphism data for further studies on P...
June 5, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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